J. Assessment Checklists

7. Sanitation

a. Displaced Population Situation

  • Identify the sanitation problems caused by the disaster.
  • Determine the placement, number, and cleanliness of latrines.
  • Determine if cultural taboos are affecting the use of latrines.
  • Determine if there is an overall sanitation plan (including latrines, bathing areas, laundry sites, refuse pits, and drainage).
  • Determine if safe access is available to latrines for women and girls.
  • Determine the evidence of fecal-oral transmitted diseases.
  • Determine the proximity of latrines and refuse areas to water sources, storage areas, distribution points, and food preparation areas.
  • Determine if a plan exists for hygiene education.
  • Determine if a plan exists for the collection and disposal of garbage and solid wastes.
  • Determine if a plan exists for insect and rodent control.
  • Determine if a plan exists for the cremation or burial of the dead, and if precautions are needed for those who have died of cholera or hemorrhagic fever.
  • Determine the need for a specialist to assist with evaluating requirements.

b. Nondisplaced Population Situation

  • Determine if sewage is collecting, or ponding, in or near settlement areas.
  • Determine if the sewerage system and the surface drainage system are still functioning.
  • Determine the adequacy of sewage disposal facilities in public buildings and other areas being used to temporarily shelter homeless people.
  • Determine if garbage and solid wastes are being collected.
  • Determine the need for a specialist to assist with evaluating requirements.

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Last updated: May 18, 2017