J. Assessment Checklists

10. Search and Rescue

  • Determine how many collapsed structures in an urban area have been affected:
    • What types?
    • Hospitals, multistory public housing units, schools?
  • Identify buildings constructed of reinforced concrete or other materials that would leave voids where trapped victims could survive:
    • Apartment buildings.
    • Industrial buildings.
    • Office buildings.
    • Hazardous installations creating secondary risks.
  • Determine the predominant building types and construction material:
    • Wattle and daub.
    • Masonry buildings (adobe, brick, concrete blocks, stone masonry).
    • Reinforced concrete structures (frames with brick infill, frames with load-bearing masonry walls, bearing walls, prefabricated structures).
    • Steel structures (multistory steel structures, steel frames in an enfilade arrangement with reinforced concrete).
    • Timber structures.
    • Other.
    • Type of roof (reinforced concrete, steel, wood, grass, etc.).
  • Determine the likelihood of finding survivors.
  • Describe the local search and rescue capacity, and whether international Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) teams are on the ground or have been requested.
  • Determine type of assistance needed:
    • Search with technical equipment and/or dogs.
    • Rescue with lifting, pulling, cutting, digging, and lighting equipment.
    • Medical to oversee and aid in victim extraction.
    • Special operations for removing hazardous materials, demolition, shoring of dangerous structures, or damage and emergency repair.

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Last updated: May 18, 2017