ReliefWeb - Disasters

ReliefWeb - Disasters

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ReliefWeb - Disasters

Japan: Earthquake - Jan 2024

Mon, 01 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Japan
Glide: EQ-2024-000001-JPN

Japan has been hit since 1 January by 155 earthquakes including a 7.6-magnitude jolt and another over 6, the Japan Meteorological Office said. Most of the quakes had a magnitude greater than 3 while the strength has gradually moderated. Japan's Meteorological Agency has lifted all tsunami advisories issued following the major quake. According to media, at least 30 people died due to a series of building collapses and fires in Ishikawa prefecture. The evacuation orders affected 51,000 people, with 1,000 evacuees finding shelter at the Japan Air Self-Defense Force base in Wajima. The earthquake impacts are under assessment. The local authorities have deployed 1,000 Japan Self-Defense Forces (JSDF) personnel to the affected region, with 8,500 others on standby. About 20 JSDF aircraft were also dispatched to survey the damage. (ECHO, 2 Jan 2024)

According to the Fire and Disaster Management Agency (FDMA), as of 2 January, 64 fatalities have been reported in Ishikawa Prefecture, 304 injured people across Ishikawa, Niigata, Toyama, Fukui, Gifu, Osaka and Hyogo Prefectures, and a total of 271 buildings have been damaged. Media report, as of 3 January, 31,800 people displaced in shelters and at least 34,000 people still suffering power outages in Ishikawa Prefecture. Rescue operations are still ongoing. Damage was especially severe in Wajima, Suzu, and Noto, although their extent was unclear as rubble and severed roads still prevent search and rescue operations. (ECHO, 3 Jan 2024)

Following the earthquake of 7.5 M (depth 10 km) that occurred in Ishikawa Prefecture, 30 km northeast of Wajima City, in central Honshu Island, on 1 January, the number of casualties and damage is increasing. According to the Fire and Disaster Management Agency (FDMA), as of 4 January, at least 78 fatalities have been reported in Ishikawa Prefecture, of whom 44 in Wajima City, 23 in Suzu City, the other people across Nanao, Hakui, Shiga, Anamizu and Noto Cities. Six people are still missing in Ishikawa Prefecture. In addition, a total of 344 injured people have been reported across Ishikawa, Niigata, Toyama, Fukui, Gifu, Osaka and Hyogo Prefectures, of whom 269 in Ishikawa Prefecture. An evacuation order of level 4 is still active for Ishikawa Prefecture and 50 people have been displaced. (ECHO, 4 Jan 2024)

As of 5 January, the Fire and Disaster Management Agency (FDMA) reports 84 fatalities in Ishikawa Prefecture (48 in Wajima City) and six still missing people in the same Prefecture. The number of injured people is 243 across Ishikawa, Niigata, Toyama, Fukui, Gifu, Osaka and Hyogo Prefectures, while 50 people are still displaced in Ishikawa Prefecture, where the evacuation order of level 4 is still active. Furthermore, at least 827 buildings have been damaged, 178 are fully destroyed across the aforementioned Prefectures and Nagano Prefecture. (ECHO, 5 Jan 2024)

Following the earthquake of 7.5 M that hit Japan on 1 January, particularly in Ishikawa Prefecture, Honshu Island, the death toll and damage continue to rise. As of 8 January, the Fire and Disaster Management Agency (FDMA) reports 161 fatalities in Ishikawa Prefecture, of whom 70 in Wajima and 70 in Suzu cities, one person is still missing in the same prefecture, 517 people were injured, at least 922 people are still displaced in two cities and one town in Ishikawa Prefecture, where the level four evacuation order is still active. In addition, a total of 1,599 buildings have been damaged, with 293 completely destroyed. More than 156 fires have been reported in Niigata, Toyama and Ishikawa Prefectures due to the earthquake. Rescue operations are still ongoing, 2,105 firefighters and 19 helicopters are currently operating in Ishikawa Prefecture. (ECHO, 8 Jan 2024)

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Argentina: Severe Local Storm - Dec 2023

Mon, 18 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Argentina
Glide: ST-2023-000256-ARG

On 16 December in the city of Bahía Blanca, south of the Province of Buenos Aires, gusts of over 140 kms per hour not only affected access to services such as electricity and water, but also had an impact on urban infrastructure and homes. As a result, the Club Bahiense del Norte building collapsed and 13 people lost their lives, including a 4-year-old girl, and more than 20 were injured. The damage to the infrastructure of homes has been considerable, mainly in neighborhoods far from the central area of the city, with roofs blown off, falling masonry and walls, among others. Hundreds of electric power poles and old trees have fallen as a result of the intense winds, making it difficult to restore electric power and therefore delaying access to water in many communities, as well as delaying early recovery tasks, generating difficulties in accessing the most exposed communities. On 18 December the Governor of the Province of Buenos Aires decreed a State of Emergency for 30 days for the entire territory of the Province, which was made official in the Official Gazette.(IFRC, 30 Dec 2023)

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Philippines: Earthquake - Dec 2023

Sat, 02 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Philippines
Glide: EQ-2023-000245-PHL

The magnitude 7.4 earthquake that occurred off the coast of Hinatuan in Surigao del Sur on Saturday, 2 December, 10:37 p.m. local time was caused by movements in the Philippine trench, according to the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS). The quake, initially reported by PHIVOLCS with 7.5 magnitude, was changed to 6.9, eventually to 7.4, raised a tsunami alert, which was lifted on Sunday morning, 3 December local time. Since the earthquake, PHIVOLCS recorded over 660 aftershocks, ranging from magnitudes 1.4 to 6.5; which are expected to continue over the coming days. The tsunami alert caused an immediate evacuation to higher grounds of over 26,000 people living in coastal areas of the provinces of Surigao del Sur and Davao Oriental. Most have returned home after the tsunami alert was lifted by PHIVOLCS. (OCHA, 3 Dec 2023)

The ASEAN Disaster Information Network (ADINet) and the Disaster Response Operations Monitoring and Information Center (DSWD DROMIC) report, as of 3 December, one fatality, two injured people and more than 236,798 affected people across 156 districts. In addition, at least 84 houses have been fully damaged, 436 partially damaged and one road have been affected. (ECHO, 4 Dec 2023)

The number of impacted people is increasing following the 7.6 M earthquake of 2 December that struck Hinatuan Municipality in Surigao Del Sur Province, Caraga Region, Mindanao, southern Philippines. Over the past 24 hours, dozens of aftershocks up to 5.7 M have been recorded in the area by the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS). According to the Disaster Response Operations Monitoring and Information Center (DSWD DROMIC) and the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), one person died, and 12 were injured in Davao Region. Moreover, almost 1,800 people have been displaced, approximately 400,000 affected, and 2,279 houses damaged across Caraga and Davao Regions. (ECHO, 5 Dec 2023)

According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), as of 5 December, three people died and 48 others have been injured after the 7.6 M earthquake of 2 December that hit Hinatuan Municipality in Surigao Del Sur Province (Caraga Region, Mindanao, southern Philippines). In addition, more than 528,000 people have been affected, 51 are still displaced in one evacuation centre, and almost 1,900 are still pre-emptively evacuated across Caraga and Davao Regions. NDRRMC reports more than 3,000 aftershocks of magnitude between 1.4 M and 6.6 M across the affected area. National authorities are providing help for those affected, distributing family food packs (FFPs) to some 6,127 families from Hinatuan Municipality. (ECHO, 6 Dec 2023)

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Angola: Floods - Nov 2023

Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Angola
Glide: FL-2023-000249-AGO

Five days of cumulative heavy rains were witnessed in Angola which brought significant floods on 30th November. According to the Angolan Civil Protection and Fire service (SPCB) preliminary data, estimates 30 deaths, 5,292 affected households (26,460 people). Besides, 10,895 households have seen their crops under water. In total, 15 of the 18 provinces are affected, with the most critical being Luanda, Huambo, Bie, Malanje and Cuanza Norte. The Government continues with assessments at country level. (IFRC, 15 Dec 2023)

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Uganda: Anthrax Outbreak - Nov 2023

Wed, 29 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Uganda
Glide: EP-2023-000251-UGA

Anthrax outbreak was confirmed on 29th November 2023 in Kabira, Kasasa and Lwankoni sub-counties in Kyotera district. According to the district surveillance team, Kyotera district anthrax possibly started in June 2023 on a farm in Kkyamayembe Sub-County following the consumption of meat of a dead cow. The victims presented with various signs including itchy rash, swelling and skin lesions. In early July, the first human death was reported and 24 animal deaths by October 31,2023. The consumption of meat of the dead animals continued and 3 humans developed signs of the disease. (IFRC, 15 Dec 2023)

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Papua New Guinea: Ulawun Volcano - Nov 2023

Mon, 20 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Papua New Guinea
Glide: VO-2023-000248-PNG

On 20 November around 5.30 UTC (16.30 local time) the Ulawun volcano, located in the northern New Britain Island in eastern Papua New Guinea, approximately 125 km south-west of Rabaul Town, started to erupt. The explosive eruption produced a plume that reached up to 18 km above sea level dispersing ash to the west. A significant pyroclastic flow occurred during the activity. Media report, as of 21 November, a number of preventively evacuated people across the area nearby the volcano and some canceled flights from the Hoskins Town airport. On 20 November the aviation colour code has been raised to red from the Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC) and as of 21 November at 7.00 UTC it remains still in force. (ECHO, 21 Nov 2023)

The volcano eruption caused mass displacement across the affected areas. IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) site assessment tool was rolled out in West New Britain (WNB) and East New Britain (ENB) within a week following the eruption and identified 8,565 persons (1,707 Households [HH]) displaced from the local villages in West New Britain (WNB) and East New Britain (ENB). (IOM, 9 Dec 2023)

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Jordan: Cold Wave - Nov 2023

Sun, 19 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Jordan
Glide: CW-2023-000242-JOR

Starting in the evening of Sunday, 19/11/2023, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan was exposed to a severe depression with the noon hours affecting all the kingdom’s governorates dropping the temperatures to below 10 degrees. The Meteorological Agency issued warnings of strong winds exceeding in some areas the barrier of 65 km / h, which leads to rising dust and low horizontal visibility, especially in the Badia regions. The rate of rainfall fell greater than usual at this time of the year, which led to the formation of torrential rains in cities, valleys, and water catchment areas, according to the report of the Ministry of Water. [...] These harsh winter conditions have impacted and continue to impact many community groups in the north and south of Jordan. Some households in Ma'an (South of Jordan) and Irbid (North of Jordan) governorates were raided by floodwaters causing damage to some of their household items with no injuries or deaths according to the social sources. Tented settlements in remote areas were heavily impacted with their tents flooded with water and were evacuated to emergency shelters by the civil defense. [...]The affected people include vulnerable Jordanians, Syrian refugees (with different registration statuses), Iraqi refugees, Pakistani workers, and Sudanese and Yemeni asylum seekers. These groups either live in very poor conditions in households that need renovation or are living in informal tented settlements. Even though these groups are identified by the different humanitarian actors in the field, their ability to intervene to support them is still very limited. (IFRC, 1 Dec 2023)

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Dominican Republic: Floods and Landslides - Nov 2023

Fri, 17 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Dominican Republic
Glide: FL-2023-000236-DOM

Since 17 November, a tropical depression has been bringing heavy rainfall, flooding and landslides to the Dominican Republic. According to the country’s Emergency Operations Centre, the extreme weather has left at least 21 people dead and forced more than 13,000 people to evacuate. At least 15 electricity circuits and 115 aqueducts have been affected, causing disruptions in electricity service for more than 150,000 people and water service for some 1.8 million people. The National Institute of Drinking Water and Sewage and EDESUR are working to restore their respective services in the affected areas.

According to preliminary reports, more than 1,500 homes, 6 roads and 5 bridges have been affected. Some 19 communities remain cut off due to the overflow of rivers. Fourteen provinces (Pedernales, San Juan, Barahona, Azua, San José de Ocoa, Bahoruco, Independencia, Elías Piña, San Cristóbal, Peravia, Sánchez Ramírez, El Distrito Nacional, Santo Domingo and Duarte) across the country remain at a red alert level due to the risk of further flooding and landslides. Heavy rainfall is forecast to continue through until 20 November. (OCHA, 20 Nov 2023)

As of 21 November, severe rains and subsequent flooding have left 24 people dead, displaced nearly 18,000 people, affected 3,500 homes, and cut off some 45 communities. About 1.1 million people are still without access to safe water. [...] The UN is also helping the Ministry of Health with the procurement of 50,000 cholera vaccine doses after authorities detected 16 cases, 12 among Haitian migrants. There are concerns that damages to water management systems may aggravate an ongoing dengue outbreak that has led to 12,000 cases so far in 2023. (OCHA, 27 Nov 2023)

According to [information from 22 November], 7,412 homes were affected, 14 partially affected and 22 were destroyed. At least 37,060 people were displaced to safe areas and 55 communities are isolated. A total of 4 shelters were opened, housing 158 people, and 59 water services were affected, of which 55 are inoperable. (PAHO, 28 Nov 2023)

Almost three weeks after intense rainfall and flooding hit the Dominican Republic on 17 and 18 November, a Damage and Needs Assessment conducted in North Santo Domingo and the province of Duarte indicates that populations in the most affected communities require food, clean water, hygiene and sanitation supplies, medicines, and the repair or reconstruction of homes.

According to estimations from the government’s social protection system (SIUBEN), the flooding affected at least 340,000 people in the provinces of Duarte, Santo Domingo, San José de Ocoa, Barahona, Bahoruco, San Juan de la Maguana, Sánchez Ramírez, Peravia, Azua, Distrito Nacional and San Cristóbal. Some 34 people died, 37,000 were displaced and approximately 7,412 homes were severely damaged. Around 61 per cent of damaged homes were in the province of Duarte, while 13 per cent were in Distrito Nacional and the Santo Domingo province. The agricultural sector also faced significant losses, with extensive damage to crops, greenhouses, and livestock, affecting over 7,000 producers in various provinces. President Luis Abinader estimated the damages to exceed US$460 million (excluding the Ministry of Public Works and Communications' budget).

In the aftermath of the rains, ongoing health crises have continued to escalate. There has been an alarming surge of dengue, with 17,360 suspected cases, including 128 severe cases and 19 deaths this year. Additionally, a confirmed cholera outbreak in Barahona, heavily impacted by the floods, reported 29 cases, contributing to the overall national count of 1,109 suspected cases, 115 confirmed cases, and one death. The widespread impact of the event highlights the vulnerabilities of the country and the need to strengthen capacities to prevent, prepare and respond effectively. (OCHA, 11 Dec 2023)

On 21 December 2023, the Emergency Operation Center of Dominican Republic (COE per its acronym in Spanish) published information about the heavy rains in the country. A total of 4 provinces are in yellow alert due to the flooding (3 decrease since the 20 December report). The heavy rains have affected 36 water distribution services and 400,133 people are without potable water (93,847 increase). (PAHO, 22 Dec 2023)

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Malaysia: Dengue Outbreak - Nov 2023

Thu, 16 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Malaysia
Glide: EP-2023-000221-MYS

Until October 2023, the number of dengue cases surged by 100.5 per cent, totaling 96,443 cases cumulatively, a signicant increase from the 48,109 cases reported in 2022. In 2022, Malaysia documented roughly 64,078 dengue fever cases nationwide, 26,365 cases in 2021, and 90,304 cases in 2020. Regarding fatalities, a total of 73 deaths from dengue-related complications were recorded by 22 October 2023, compared to 29 deaths during the same period in 2022. In October 2023, daily cases averaged above 300. Currently, there are 73 dengue hotspot localities nationwide, with Selangor state hosting the highest number of hotspots (51), while other states have single-digit counts. Selangor's Petaling and Hulu Langat districts record the most cases, and within Petaling, the top three aected sub-districts are Petaling (5,570), Damansara (4,930), and Sungai Buloh (4,160). (IFRC, 17 Nov 2023)

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Tropical Cyclone Mal - Nov 2023

Wed, 15 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000

Affected countries: Fiji, Solomon Islands
Glide: TC-2023-000219-FJI

A low-pressure formed north of the Solomon Islands on Friday, 10 November 2023. This weather system developed into tropical disturbance TD02F on Saturday, 11 November 2023, and moved slowly to the east of the Solomon Islands. It is likely to intensify into a Category 3 tropical cyclone by Tuesday, 14 November 2023, or early Wednesday, 15 November 2023. Fiji Met Oce released a tropical cyclone alert on 12 November 2023, informing the projected path expected to approach the Fiji Group from later on Tuesday and continue its journey through the country on 15 November 2023. While the current projected path is over Viti Levu, there is signicant uncertainty at present as the system has not yet fully developed. It may become much clearer when the system becomes a tropical cyclone.

Given this new development, the whole Fiji Group is advised to be on alert for a possible tropical cyclone. Gale to storm force winds is likely over the country from later Tuesday into Wednesday, 14-15 November 2023. These winds can break tree branches, blow unsecured and loose materials, disrupt communication network and power supply due to damaged power lines, damage temporary and weak structures, increase the risk of sea travel for all types of sea crafts, and increase the risk for hazardous breaking waves and coastal inundation of debris along low lying coastal areas, especially during high tides. (IFRC, 15 Nov 2023)

On 15 November, Tropical Cyclone MAL passed Fiji as a category 3 tropical cyclone affecting some 230,000 people. As the eye of the storm was moving over open water, the affected areas sustained minor damage, primarily flooding, some destruction of crops, one landslide and some electricity outages. No deaths or injuries were reported. Small distributions of NFIs and food rations have been provided by government authorities and humanitarian partners. (OCHA, 20 Nov 2023)

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Tanzania: Floods - Nov 2023

Sat, 11 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: United Republic of Tanzania
Glide: FL-2023-000241-TZA

Heavy rainfall has been affecting northern Tanzania, in particular the Arusha Region, bordering with southern Kenya since late October, causing floods, flash floods and rivers overflow that have resulted casualties and damage. Media report, as of 16 November, ten fatalities, approximately 90 displaced families and a number of damaged houses and bridges across the Arusha District, Arusha Region. The worst affected villages and neighbourhoods in Arusha District are Muriet, Terrat, Elerai, Morombo, Lolovono and Ngarenaro. Over the next 24 hours, more heavy rainfall with locally very heavy rainfall is forecast over most of the country. (ECHO, 16 Nov 2023)

The latest update received from local government, shared on 13 November, reported more than 10,090 people, or 2,018 households suffered floods and landslide are affected with 12 deaths reported, 1,245 houses completely destroyed, and 1,074 latrines collapsed. The figures are likely to increase given the difficult access to most of the affected areas due to water levels. People in these affected areas have been evacuated to earlier mapped out safer areas. However, they have limited access to basic services. (IFRC, 23 Nov 2023)

Heavy rainfall has been affecting northern, western and eastern Tanzania since mid-October due to the so-termed short rainy season that lasts from October to December causing floods, flash floods, rivers overflow and triggering landslides that have resulted in more casualties and widespread damage. The worst affected are the Arusha Region in the north bordering with southern Kenya, the Kigoma and Kagera Regions in the west bordering with Rwanda and Burundi and the Coast Region as well as the Zanzibar Island in the east. Also Dar es Salaam, the main city of the country was severely affected. ECHO, 24 Nov 2023

Heavy rainfall has been affecting northern Tanzania, in particular the Manyara Region, since 2 December, causing severe floods and triggering several landslides that have resulted in casualties and widespread damage. Media report, as of 4 December, 47 fatalities and 85 injured people in the Katesh Town area, north of the Capital Dodoma, Hanang District, western Manyara Region, mainly due to landslides occurred on 2-3 December. In addition, media also reports an unconfirmed number of damaged houses and several blocked roads across the affected area. Over the next 96 hours, more heavy rainfall with locally very heavy rainfall is still forecast over the whole country. (ECHO, 4 Dec 2023)

Heavy rainfall affected northern Tanzania, in particular the Manyara Region, over the period from 2 to 6 December, causing severe floods, flash floods and triggering several landslides that have resulted in more casualties and widespread damage. Local media report, as of 7 December, 69 fatalities and nearly 120 injured people in the Katesh Town area, north of the Capital Dodoma, Hanang District, western Manyara Region, mainly due to landslides occurred on 2-3 December. In addition, media also reports a total of approximately 1,150 damaged houses across the affected area. Over the next 96 hours, more heavy rainfall with locally very heavy rainfall is still forecast over the whole country. (ECHO, 7 Dec 2023)

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Nepal: Earthquake - Nov 2023

Fri, 03 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Nepal
Glide: EQ-2023-000214-NPL

On 03 November at 18:02 UTC a 5.6 M earthquake at a depth of 17.9 km struck Nepal, with epicentre in Jajarkot of Karnali province. Several aftershocks have occurred since. Tremors were felt across North India. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Authority (NDRRMA) 140 people have been killed and 140 injured. (ECHO, 4 Nov 2023)

Days after 153 people were killed and several hundred injured [by the earthquake on November 3], another strong earthquake with 5.6 magnitude struck Nepal on November 6, 2023. The initial findings of the Government’s Initial Rapid Assessment (IRA) launched on 05 November say over 4,000 homes were damaged in the hardest hit districts. Following the initial assessment of the remote damage assessment of available secondary data satellite images USGS data and earthquake risk model, around 1.3 million people might have been exposed and about 0.25 million people may need humanitarian assistance within 72 hours of the earthquake. (UNCT Nepal, 6 Nov 2023)

Following 3 November’s 6.4 magnitude earthquake in western Nepal, hundreds of aftershocks have continued intermittently, with the last one reported on 8 November. Search and rescue operations have reportedly concluded and as of 13 November, the number of reported casualties is 154 (male: 70, female: 84) with more than 366 people sustaining injuries. (UNICEF, 13 Nov 2023)

According to the National Emergency Operation Centre (NEOC), by 15 November, approximately 62,000 homes were affected (35,455 partially damaged, 26,557 completely damaged) by the earthquake. Some 250,000 people were affected by the earthquake and require humanitarian assistance. The situation is further compounded as rainwater is posing a significant risk to partially damaged homes that are fragile and face the risk of collapsing. Survivors of the earthquake are also beginning to report health issues related to increasingly cold weather. (UN RC Nepal & UNCT Nepal, 16 Nov 2023)

Approximately 150,000 affected people (including 51,000 children) are in critical need of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services. The earthquake caused significant damage to educational infrastructure, impacting 898 schools (294 fully damaged, 604 partially damaged), along with 89 partially-damaged school toilets. This is expected to disrupt the learning of around 125,0004 school-aged children (49 per cent girls), posing serious risk to their access to education. (UNICEF, 20 Nov 2023)

Over the three weeks since the earthquake, the government-led search and rescue operations have now concluded, shifting the focus of response efforts towards recovery and urgent needs. [...] As the harsh winter season approaches and temperatures drop, addressing the unmet needs of impacted communities – especially among those in temporary shelter – becomes critical. Winter/cold-related ailments have already started to significantly affect the lives of those in temporary shelters post-earthquake, resulting in over 10 deaths, as per media reports. (UNICEF, 29 Nov 2023)

As of 21 November 2023, 154 people (101 in Jajarkot and 53 in Rukum West) have lost their lives and 366 were reported injured. This data was revised by the Ministry of Home Affairs from 157 to 154 as there was double counting in Jajarkot District. (IFRC, 30 Nov 2023)

Over six weeks since the earthquake struck, the Government’s focus is now on recovery efforts, recognizing the unmet needs of affected people and communities, especially with the onset of the winter season and dropping temperatures. Winter/cold-related ailments have already led to significant health issues among those in temporary shelters post-earthquake, resulting in over 25 deaths in Jajarkot, including 12 in the epicentre in Barekot Municipality alone, as reported by media sources. (UNICEF, 18 Dec 2023)

[...] The Government has started to provide cash support for the affected families to build temporary shelter where Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) supporting this initiative by establishing help desk to facilitate the process. The temporary shelter construction is guided by the Temporary Housing Construction Grant Procedure for Earthquake Affected Household-2023 to expedite the temporary shelter construction process. Similarly, Nepal Red Cross Society is also providing cash support to construction temporary shelter to 600 affected families following the government procedure in coordination with the Government at all levels. The cash disbursement is expected to start from mid-December 2023. (IFRC, 1 Jan 2024)

As the winter intensifies, swift delivery of humanitarian support to the most vulnerable families and reaching the unreached affected families with winterization and recovery support continues to be a time critical and an urgent need. [...] Winter/cold-related ailments have already led to significant health issues among those in temporary shelters post-earthquake, resulting in dozens of deaths in Jajarkot, as reported by media sources. Recent snowfall and rain in Karnali Province, including earthquake-affected areas, highlight the urgency of coordinated efforts in providing winterization support and swift disbursement of government grants to identified households for construction of temporary housing before the conditions worsen in the upcoming days and weeks. (UNICEF, 9 Jan 2024)

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Ethiopia: Floods - Nov 2023

Thu, 02 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Ethiopia
Glide: FL-2023-000229-ETH

Heavy rainfall has been affecting southern and eastern Ethiopia, in particular the Somali Region, since early November, causing floods, flash floods and the overflow of some rivers, particularly the Genale River, that have resulted in casualties and damage. Media reports, as of 7 November, 20 fatalities and more than 12,000 displaced families across the Somali Region. In addition, several bridges collapsed and some roads have been damaged across the affected area. Over the next 24 hours, more heavy rainfall with locally very heavy rainfall is forecast over the whole Somali Region. (ECHO, 7 Nov 2023)

Over 760,000 people in Ethiopia affected due to heavy rains, floods and landslides and 43 killed. Only 8 per cent of over 611,000 affected people inSomali region reached; many flood areas remain inaccessible and hard-to-reach as multiple routes and bridges are damaged. (OCHA, 15 Nov 2023)

About 1.5 million people have been affected by the El Niño induced floods during the deyr/hageya (October to December) rain season in the south and southeastern parts of Ethiopia including Somali, South Ethiopia, South West Ethiopia and Oromia regions, as well as in Afar, Amhara and Gambela regions. As of 6 December, 60 human fatalities have been reported, and over 616,000 people who remain displaced need emergency shelter or are living in public infrastructures such as in schools, many of which have been damaged. (OCHA, 18 Dec 2023)

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Colombia: Floods - Oct 2023

Mon, 30 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Colombia
Glide: FL-2023-000232-COL

Since 30 October, there have been heavy and prolonged rains outside the normal range in the Colombian Caribbean, affecting the north of the country, especially in the coastal area, with greater intensity in the departments of La Guajira, Bolivar, Magdalena and Atlántico. According to the National Unit for Risk and Disaster Management (UNGRD), because of the rains, there have been multiple floods, landslides, communication problems and families affected by the effects of the Atmospheric Disturbance (AL97), which is a climatic instability that alters atmospheric conditions and causes strong winds and rainfall ... According to the reports consolidated by the regional offices, around 13,696 families (41,088 people) were affected by the emergency, with damage to their homes, limited access to drinking water and livelihoods affected. Of these, 600 families are in the department of Atlántico, 10,200 families in the department of Bolívar and 2,896 families in the department of Magdalena. (IFRC, 18 Nov 2023)

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Paraguay: Floods - Oct 2023

Mon, 30 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Paraguay
Glide: FL-2023-000217-PRY

Between October 30 to November 4, 2023, the regions of Misiones, Itapúa, Ñeembucú, and Alto Paraná in Paraguay experienced a devastating flood caused by heavy rains and the overflowing of the Paraná River. This unprecedented crisis resulted from intense rainfall in the eastern region of the country and the opening of the Yacyretá dam. As a result, the Paraná River, usually measuring 1.50 meters, surged to an astonishing 6.3 meters, leading to widespread inundation in the affected cities. [...] Severe weather events in Paraguay's central and eastern regions have resulted in more than 7,000 families (35,000 people) affected across the country. [...] More than 3,000 families (15,000 people) are in need of immediate humanitarian assistance as they contend with the flooding crisis. (IFRC, 10 Nov 2023)

On 15 November 2023, the Ministry of Health of Paraguay published information on the heavy rains in the country. According to the information, 5 departments and 17 districts were affected by the rising waters caused by the heavy rains in the country. [...] To date, a total of 1,281 medical interventions have been conducted, 19 people were injured and 6 deaths were reported. The Government opened 25 shelters. (PAHO, 17 Nov 2023)

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Burundi: Floods and Landslides - Oct 2023

Thu, 26 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Burundi
Glide: FL-2023-000231-BDI

Intense rainfall of 26 to 27 October resulting in strong winds and floods that affected Cibitoke. Other floods were reported earlier but from assessment done by NS on 2 November, Cibitoke remains the most affected so far. 1,590 people are identified as affected in the communes of Buganda, Murwi and Rugombo in Cibitoke. In the province and more precisely in the three communes, following the landslides recorded and floods that impacted Cibitoke, hundreds of households are displaced and have found refuge in host households. [...] From cumulative incident reports, since October 2023, some provinces have started facing heavy rain with strong winds which caused the following damages. Since October, localized floods in Makamba, Ngozi, Cibitoke led to 7 dead, 34 persons injured. Multiple events of strong winds, landslides and flooding from early October have made 4456 affected people and damaged infrastructures. However, the worst affected areas for now remain Cibitoke. (IFRC, 20 Nov 2023)

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Tropical Cyclone Tej - Oct 2023

Sun, 22 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Yemen
Glide: TC-2023-000212-YEM

The eye of the cyclonic storm “Tej” made landfall on the eastern Yemeni coast overnight between 23 and 24 October, and moved towards the eastern regions of Hadramawt Governorate. As a result, Socotra and Al Maharah experienced heavy rainfalls and torrential showers, leading to multiple blocked roads in several areas ... According to the emergency operations room in Socotra, over 500 houses were either fully or partially damaged, resulting in loss of personal assets for some households (HHs). According to local partners, 192 HHs were displaced, including 30 HHs in Nawjed area of Hadibu District, and 162 HHs in Qalansiyah wa Abd Al Kuri District, in which some of the displaced individuals are residing in schools or with their relatives ... In Al Maharah Governorate, flooding was reported in Al Ghaydah, Hasswin, Qishn, Sayhut, Al Masilah, Hawf and Shehin districts, with the sea water reaching high levels. Electricity was reportedly cut off in most districts, and telecommunications were disconnected. Electricity is still cut in some areas, and telecommunications is back in Al Ghayda. (OCHA, 25 Oct 2023)

Between 23 and 25 October 2023, IOM Yemen DTM tracked 3,689 households (22,134 individuals) displaced due to Cyclone Tej which made landfall in Al Maharah governorate on 22 October. Most people moved into/within the following governorates and districts: Al Maharah (3,384 HHs) – Haswin (1,815 HHs), Al Ghaydhah (1,123 HHs), Al Masilah (210 HHs) districts. All displacements in the governorate were internal. Hadramawt (305 HHs) – Ar Raydah wa Qussayar (305 HHs) district. All displacements in the governorate were internal. The cyclone brought heavy rains and strong winds, which caused flooding and damage to infrastructure. (IOM, 27 Oct 2023)

The Meteorological Department of the Ministry of Agriculture in Somaliland issued a weather forecast for moderate to heavy rains and flash floods in the state from 24 to 31 October, mainly affecting the western regions of Woqoyi Galbeed and Awdal, and Togdheer region. The officials have warned of heavy rains in Somaliland due to the likely impact of tropical cyclone “Tej”, which has reportedly developed in the Indian Ocean in the past few days and headed to Oman and Yemen. On 26 October, heavy rains in the port town of Berbera flooded many buildings and caused waterlogging in some areas. The Mayor of Berbera warned people in old buildings in the town to move to safer buildings. The Metrological Department has advised people living in low-lying areas and valleys to remain vigilant and called on fishermen to remove their fishing vessels and gear from the sea to avoid losses. The coastal areas in Somaliland are prone to the impact of infrequent cyclones in the Indian Ocean, with the last cyclone 'Sagar’ reported in 2018. At least 52 people reportedly died and widespread destruction was reported, particularly in Lughaya, and Zaylac districts in Awdal Region, due to “Sagar” (OCHA, 28 Oct 2023)

The scale of Tij's impact is evident in the following statistics: Over 15,939 people were displaced; Over 400 homes were destroyed; and Over 5,000 hectares of crops were damaged. [...] Livelihoods and well-being were signicantly impacted in the affected region, and the affected families are facing psychological pressures and are in need of initial psychological support. In addition, the infrastructure as water sources and water networks were affected, and electricity and communications were disrupted. [...] Additionally, there are over 20 camps for displaced people in the region that were also impacted, and particularly vulnerable due to the existing conditions. Moreover, some individuals are living in mud houses, including elderly people, pregnant women, children, and people with special needs. These individuals face unique challenges and are more susceptible to the negative impacts of natural disasters like Cyclone Tij.
(IFRC, 4 Nov 2023)

In the aftermath of the cyclone, over 18,000 households are estimated to be affected, mainly in Al Maharah, followed by Hadramawt and Socotra governorates. Civilian homes and public infrastructure, including healthcare facilities and water networks, remain significantly damaged. Thousands of displaced families who were temporarily residing in collective centres have moved to hotels, are staying with their relatives, or have returned to their houses that were partially damaged. However, some preexisting IDP sites were significantly damaged in Al Maharah and Hadramawt, affecting more than 400 households (HHs). (OCHA, 5 Nov 2023)

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Hurricane Otis - Oct 2023

Sun, 22 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Mexico
Glide: TC-2023-000209-MEX

A new tropical cyclone named Otis formed over the eastern North Pacific Ocean on 22 October and started moving north toward southern Mexico as a tropical storm, strengthening and becoming a hurricane on 24 October in the evening (UTC). Otis made landfall over the area of the coastal City of Acapulco, central Guerrero State, southern Mexico on 25 October around 6.25 UTC, with maximum sustained winds of 270 km/h (Cat. 5 Hurricane). Otis is forecast to continue northwestward inland over the central-western Guerrero State on 25-26 October, weakening and becoming a tropical storm. (ECHO, 25 Oct 2023)

Otis made landfall over the area of the coastal City of Acapulco, central Guerrero State, southern Mexico on 25 October around 6.25 UTC, with maximum sustained winds of 270 km/h (Cat. 5 Hurricane). According to NOAA, there are no hurricanes on record even close to this intensity for this part of Mexico. After the landfall, Otis continued northwestward over the central-western Guerrero State on 25 October, weakening and becoming a tropical storm. After that, it became a tropical depression and dissipated over eastern Michoacan State on 25 October in the evening (UTC). Very heavy rainfall, strong winds and storm surges associated with the passage of Otis, caused floods and landslides that have resulted in evacuations and severe damage. WHO PAHO and national authorities report, as of 26 October, 34,522 evacuated families in 631 temporary shelters across the affected area. (ECHO, 26 Oct 2023)

The Ministry of Health reports 120 health facilities with some type of damage. Some 80 per cent of hotel infrastructure suffered considerable damage. Assessments of damage to critical infrastructure and access to basic services continue, with 273,844 homes so far reported to be affected to some degree. The Ministry of Welfare has deployed 1,678 evaluators in Acapulco and Coyuca de Benítez, and has so far conducted 20,971 surveys of homes, crops and livestock, as well as small and medium-sized businesses in rural and urban areas. The Government of Guerrero reports 5 temporary shelters with 278 people in Acapulco and 7 temporary shelters with 1,342 people in Coyuca de Benítez. There is still no estimated number of people internally displaced by the hurricane. [...] According to UNICEF, more than 296,000 children and adolescents in the five most affected municipalities are in need of humanitarian assistance and 177,804 students have been affected by the closure of basic education schools in these five municipalities. (OCHA, 01 Nov 2023)

On 31 October 2023, the Government of Mexico published an update on the effects of the passage of Hurricane Otis through the State of Guerrero. There are 58 people reported as missing (52 increase since the 29 October report) and 46 deaths have been reported. Additionally, medical care has been provided for 1,248 instances and there were 293 hospital transfers made. (PAHO, 02 Nov 2023)

As of 5 November, the state government of Guerrero reports 47 people dead (2 more than reported on 31 October) and 48 people still missing. In the municipalities of Acapulco de Juárez and Coyuca de Benítez, 1,488 people are in 12 temporary shelters. UNICEF estimates that 1.07 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, including 323,000 children. (OCHA, 07 Nov 2023)

According to Mexican authorities, as of 8 November, 47 people were left dead, 32 people are unaccounted for and 3,821 people have been evacuated by commercial airlines. [...] According to preliminary reports, approximately 273,844 homes have been affected, including 50,000 completely destroyed. (OCHA, 11 Nov 2023)

IFRC estimates that a total of 928,252 people were exposed to Hurricane Otis, impacting 848,647 in Acapulco and 79,605 in Coyuca de Benítez. According to the Guerrero State Attorney General's Office, there are 48 people dead and 26 people still missing.

Basic services in Acapulco are being progressively re-established. Two water treatment plants in the municipality of Coyuca de Benítez have cumulatively supplied 115,900 litres of water. [...] Media reports indicate that the Acapulco Chamber of Commerce, Services and Tourism estimates that 63,000 economic units of tourism services in the city will be affected, representing the loss of approximately 180,000 jobs. (OCHA, 16 Nov 2023)

Whilst there are no overall cost estimates for the impact of the hurricane available at time of writing, private market insured losses from Hurricane Otis were estimated to be between $2.5bn and $4.5bn. Just using this amount pertaining to private assets equates to over $35 for each of Mexico’s over 127 million inhabitants; dividing the sum just amongst those affected by the hurricane (a little over 1% of the population) means individual average economic costs around $300, a significant sum in a country where the average income is a little over $12,000 annually. The economic impact in the private sector could have been even bigger but some buildings were not significantly damaged. However, since many were designed to withstand earthquakes, they were heavily affected by the hurricane. Only a few hotels and related tourism infrastructure have re-opened since the storm, meaning vital tourism revenue is foregone, adding to the long-term economic impacts. (Christian Aid, 27 Dec 2023)

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Tropical Cyclone Lola - Oct 2023

Sat, 21 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000

Affected countries: Solomon Islands, Vanuatu
Glide: TC-2023-000207-VUT

A new tropical cyclone named LOLA formed over the South Pacific Ocean on 21 October and started moving south toward Vanuatu, strengthening. On the 22nd of October, Tropical Cyclone LOLA made landfall in Solomon Islands, first striking Tikopia Island as a Category 3 cyclone, before increasing in intensity on its way to Vanuatu. Based on the exposure analysis, the population exposed was approx. 22,319 people (4,699 households) with about 1,000 people living in the red zone (>120km/hr winds). Initial reports indicate that more than 100 houses and kitchens were destroyed, and water sources damaged. Four people sustained injuries. (OCHA, 1 Nov 2023)

On 23 October at 5.00 UTC its centre was located over the Ocean approximately 230 km north-east of the Vanua Lava Island (Torba Province, northern Vanuatu) and 385 km north-east of Luganville City (Espiritu Santo Island, Sanma Province, central Vanuatu), with maximum sustained winds up to 140 km/h. On the forecast track, LOLA is expected to continue southwestward and to pass between the Espiritu Santo Island and the Malekula Islands in the afternoon (UTC) of 24 October, with maximum sustained winds of 130-145 km/h. After that, it could reach the southern New Caledonia (France) on 27-28 October, as a tropical storm. (ECHO, 23 Oct 2023)

Severe Tropical Cyclone LOLA (category 3) has moved in a southwest direction and is expected to affect the Islands of Penama, Malampa and Shefa in the next 24 hours. Power and communication networks have been cut, making it difficult to report the impact on those islands at this stage. Vanuatu's National Disaster Management Office (NDMO) has activated offices in six provinces, ready to carry out a rapid assessment after the cyclone. 300 evacuation centres with many located in schools and churches were set up throughout Vanuatu. Port Vila, the capital, is on red alert and all government offices, markets, and banks are closed until further notice. Heavy rainfalls with flash flooding are expected over low-lying areas and areas close to river banks, including coastal flooding. Very rough seas with heavy to phenomenal swells are expected over all Vanuatu waters. On 25 October, Vanuatu requested support from the Union Civil Protection Mechanism (UCPM), consisting of a surveillance flight, shelter kits, tarpaulins. (ECHO, 25 Oct 2023)

Tropical cyclone LOLA passed over Malekula Island, Malampa Province, central Vanuatu on very early in the morning (UTC) of 25 October as a tropical cyclone and continued south-west over the Pacific Ocean. 26 October at 0.00 (UTC) its centre was located over the Ocean approximately 350 km north of the north-eastern New Caledonia (France), with maximum sustained winds of 46 km/h (tropical depression). As of 26 October, media report damage to infrastructure, schools, some destroyed houses and a number of blocked roads across Penama and Malampa Provinces. LOLA is forecast to continue southwestward over the Ocean, further weakening and dissipating in the afternoon (UTC) of 26 October, well off the coast of northern New Caledonia. Over the next 48 hours, very heavy rainfall, strong wind and storm surge are forecast over the whole Vanuatu and New Caledonia. (ECHO, 26 Oct 2023)

Very heavy rainfall, strong winds and storm surges caused by the passage of the tropical cyclone LOLA (with maximum sustained winds up to 222 km/h) on 24-25 October (UTC) over central and northern Vanuatu caused widespread and severe damage. The International Federation of Red Cross (IFRC) and media report that as of 27 October, approximately 10,000 houses have been damaged and a number of schools and bridges destroyed. There has also been damage to the road network across Penama, Malampa, Sanma and Torba Provinces (central-northern Vanuatu). The Pentecost Island (Penama Province) is the worst affected area. (ECHO, 27 Oct 2023)

The Government of Vanuatu has declared a State of Emergency for six months for Torba, Sanma, Penama, Malampa and Shefa Provinces. The estimated affected population in these provinces is approximately 110,750 people, with approximately 50,300 people affected in the priority area 1 (approx. 12,000 households); approx. 46,600 in priority area 2; and approx. 14,000 in priority area 3. (OCHA, 1 Nov 2023)

Tropical cyclone LOLA made landfall on 22 October (UTC) in Solomon Islands [...] According to OCHA, as of 1 November, more than 22,319 people were affected in Solomon Islands and more than 100 buildings have been destroyed and water sources have been damaged. (ECHO, 2 Nov 2023)

According to initial data collected by VRCS, over 46,000 households, representing over 180,000 people, were affected by severe winds, intense rainfall and flooding. An estimated 75 per cent of buildings and houses were destroyed in Priority 1 areas and 50 per cent of buildings and houses were destroyed or damaged in Priority 2 areas. [...] VRCS encountered significant challenges getting to the northern province of Penama as well, and particularly northern and eastern Pentecost, due to damaged or blocked roads and in general response efforts at this stage can only be done by large boats. (IFRC, 10 Nov 2023)

In the immediate aftermath of TC Lola, UNICEF promptly carried out a rapid needs assessment on October 27 in the worst affected provinces of Melampa and Penama. It is estimated that over 28,000 students in these two provinces may face disruptions to their education for the rest of the year, potentially losing over 300 hours of classroom learning. [...] The Education Rapid Assessment findings on November 7 revealed significant damage in 61% of schools in Priority 1 areas, 41% in Priority 2 areas, and 28% in Priority 3 areas.

[...] Tropical Cyclone Lola has not only affected Vanuatu but also impacted the Solomon Islands, specifically in the Temotu province. Tikopia and the Duff Islands have suffered significant damage to education infrastructure, with school buildings and dormitories being particularly affected. Communication with remote areas remains challenging due to the damage to solar and telecommunication towers, leading to reduced services in the affected region. Extensive damage to desalination plants and food crops underscores the urgency to prioritise health, nutrition, and WASH supplies, especially in areas where outbreaks of diarrhoea and dysentery have reportedly claimed four lives on the island of Vanikoro. (UNICEF, 11 Nov 2023)

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Niger: Diphtheria Outbreak - Oct 2023

Fri, 20 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Niger
Glide: EP-2023-000223-NER

The first case of diphtheria in Niger was reported on 17 July 2023. Initially reported in 17 health districts spanning seven out of eight regions, the outbreak has now spread to three additional health districts, namely Agadez, Takieta and Tchirozerine, with an upward trend over time. During epidemiological week 42 (ending 22 October 2023), a total of 98 new suspected diphtheria cases, including two deaths (CFR 2.0%), were reported making a 64.3% increase in cases, compared to the 35 cases reported in epidemiological week 41. From 17 July to 23 October 2023, a cumulative total of 1 690 suspected cases were reported in 20 health districts, resulting in 75 deaths (CFR 4.4%). More than 80% (n=1 371) of cases were reported from three health districts, including Matameye (58%, n=973), Magaria (15%, n=260), and Tanout (8%, n=138). Of the 75 recorded deaths, 22.7% (n=17) were reported from Matameye, followed by Zinder (21.3%, n=16), Tanout (12.0%, n=9), Magaria (9.3%, n=7), Aderbissinat (8%, n=6), and Gouree (6.6%, n=5). (WHO, 9 Nov 2023)

On 20 October 2023, the Government of Niger, through the Ministry of Public Health, Population and Social Affairs, declared a diphtheria outbreak. The first case was registered on 17 July 2023. As of 02 November, all eight regions of the country have notified at least 1 case of diphtheria. A total of 1,838 suspected cases of diphtheria, including 91 deaths (lethality: 5%), have been reported. The regions of Zinder (1,578 cases) and Agadez (132 cases) are the most impacted, contributing to 86% and 7% of the total caseload, respectively. 47% of positive cases are among children aged 5 to 14 years, 22% of positive cases are aged 12 to 59 months, 2.5% of positive cases are less than 1 year old and about 28.5% are aged 15 and above. Since the onset of the outbreak, UNICEF has initiated its response in support of and partnership with the Ministry of Public Health and other partners involved in the response. To date, 50,000 children aged 0 to 14 years have already been vaccinated. (UNICEF, 10 Nov 2023)

The Niger Red Cross (CRN) regularly participates in the meeting of the health cluster, where on October 11, 2023, the Ministry alerted partners on the registration of diphtheria cases in the regions of Zinder and Maradi, DREF intervention areas, where 1,440 cases had been recorded including 69 deaths (source: Ministry of Health). A national response plan was immediately developed, and the ministry held an emergency meeting on October 23, 2023, to ask the support of all its partners. Following the meeting, the NS received a formal letter requesting support. (IFRC, 13 Nov 2023)

Humanitarian partners have undertaken a vaccination campaign against diphtheria. The campaign aims to cover 800,000 children under 14 years old for the first round, in the Zinder region in the east-central part of the country, the epicentre of the epidemic. Efforts are underway to mobilize resources to cover the entire target, which is estimated at 4 million in that region. This year, prior to the current campaign, technical and logistical support was provided for vaccination response in the Kantché and Amsoudou health districts (Zinder region). This enabled 50,000 children aged 0-14 to be vaccinated. As of 11 October, health authorities reported that the diphtheria epidemic had led to 1,331 cases and caused 65 deaths, representing a 4.9 per cent case-fatality rate across the country. (OCHA, 27 Nov 2023)

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