ReliefWeb - Disasters

ReliefWeb - Disasters

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ReliefWeb - Disasters

Djibouti: Djibouti: Floods - Nov 2019

Thu, 21 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000156-DJI
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood
Affected countries: Djibouti

Since 21 November, Djibouti has experienced heavy rains which triggered flash floods across the country. In Djibouti city alone, initial estimates indicate that over 30,000-40,000 families (150,000-250,000 people) have been somewhat affected by the floods, and 9 people (7 children) have reportedly been killed. Reports indicate that between 21 and 24 November, almost 300mm of rain were recorded in Djibouti city alone, or over three times the annual average. Dwellings, shops, schools and infrastructure have been damaged. In some neighborhoods, access to electricity was also interrupted. In other areas of the country, damages to roads and flash floods have affected access to several communities, and information available to date indicate that at least 300 families are now in need of urgent humanitarian assistance in Tadjourah region alone. The recently inaugurated Tadjourah-Balho road, and road between Djibouti and Tadjourah suffered severe damages. A bridge in Arta area (PK53) is in danger of collapsing. (UNCT Djibouti/Gov't of Djibouti, 24 Nov 2019)

Date: 21 Nov 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Bangladesh: Tropical Cyclone Matmo/Bulbul - Oct 2019

Fri, 01 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: TC-2019-000147-BGD
Disaster type: Flood, Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam

Tropical Cyclone MATMO formed over the South China Sea on 29 October, moving west-northwest towards Vietnam. On 30 October at 0.00 UTC, its centre was approximately 275 km east-southeast of Quy Nhon City (Binh Dinh Province, central Vietnam) with maximum sustained winds of 65 km/h (tropical storm). (ECHO, 30 Oct 2019)

Tropical depression MATMO was moving into Cambodia from Vietnam on 31 October and is expected to bring heavy rain to the central part of Thailand, where temperatures are also dropping over next few days. Strong winds and heavy rains have resulted in power loss and damaged buildings and houses in the southern central provinces of Binh Din and Phú Yên, Vietnam. The authorities evacuated around 15,000 households to safer places. A considerable rise of the water level of Rivers in Phú Yên, including Cai River have been observed representing a high flooding risk. In Quang Ngãi Province, many houses were damaged and trees were uprooted, particularly in local southern districts. (ECHO, 1 Nov 2019)

The Central Steering Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control of Vietnam reported, that Typhoon Matmo has destroyed 179 houses, damaged 2,314 buildings and 35 schools in the provinces of Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Phu Yen, Gia Lai and Thua Thien Hue. As of 4 November, 1 person is reported missing, 14 people have been injured and 20,000 displaced. (ECHO, 4 Nov 2019)

After passing over south-east Asia, Tropical Cyclone MATMO has reformed over the Bay of Bengal. On 7 November its centre was approximately 480 km south-west of Ayeyarwady Region...with maximum sustained winds of 93 km/h...On 7-8 November, rain and thunderstorms are forecast over eastern Myanmar, Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India) and strong winds in West Bengal. Preparedness planning is ongoing in the Cox’s Bazar district in Bangladesh, which hosts close to a million refugees. (ECHO, 7 Nov 2019)

The severe cyclonic storm ‘Bulbul’ has intensified into a very severe cyclonic storm as it moves towards the West Bengal and Bangladesh coast. The system is likely to intensify further before turning north-east across the West Bengal - Bangladesh coast between Sagar Islands and Khepupara, across Sundarbans delta on 10 November with maximum sustained wind speed of 110-120 km/h to 135 km/h. Heavy to very heavy rain and strong winds are forecast over West Bengal and Odisha coasts in India, and Khulna and Barisal divisions in Bangladesh over the next 4 days. (ECHO, 8 Nov 2019)

As of 10 November, the system has weakened to a Cyclonic Storm with a maximum sustained wind speed of 80-90 km/h and centred over Southwestern part of Bangladesh. It is expected to further move northeasterly direction and weaken gradually. (ECHO, 10 Nov 2019)

The number of fatalities in West Bengal State (India) and southern Bangladesh has increased to 20, after Tropical Cyclone BULBUL's passage on 9-10 November. According to media reports, 10 people died in West Bengal, and 2 more deaths were reported in Odisha State (north-east India). Over 26,000 houses were damaged. In Bangladesh, 8 people died, 15 fishermen are still missing, and at least 30 people are injured. More than 17,000 houses have been damaged and river embankments were breached in Barguna district (Barisal Division, southern Bangladesh). Disaster response teams from India and Bangladesh have been deployed to the affected areas and food and relief items are being distributed to the population. (ECHO, 11 Nov 2019)

After Tropical Cyclone BULBUL's passage on 9-10 November, the number of fatalities has increased to 24 (12 in India and 12 in Bangladesh).According to DG ECHO and UN OCHA, 28 people are still missing in Bangladesh, 71 have been injured and 2,106,918 have been evacuated to 5,787 evacuation centres. A total of 50,287 houses have been damaged or destroyed and more than 60,000 ha of crops have been affected.For the next 24 hours, light to moderate rain is expected across South Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram as BULBUL moves slightly east-northeast, weakening to a low-pressure area. (ECHO, 12 Nov 2019)

Date: 01 Nov 2019
Status: Ongoing

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El Salvador: El Salvador: Floods - Oct 2019

Mon, 28 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000136-SLV
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: El Salvador

Heavy precipitation in El Salvador began on 12 October 2019 due to the influence and combination of a lowpressure system. The continual rain led caused rockslides and landslides, as well as falling trees and collapse of slopes, which disrupted transit on highways and roads. Unofficial figures report that at least four people have died following the heavy rain that caused the current flooding and landslides in the country. The heavy rains led to a landslide and 70-metre deep hole in the Santa Lucia, Ilopango municipality in the San Salvador department. Hundreds of people were evacuated. Six homes were destroyed and around 400 others (of which 103 have been declared uninhabitable by Civil Protection) are at risk of collapse. To date, these households have received scarce support to address their short-term housing needs. (IFRC, 28 Oct 2019)

Date: 28 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Kenya: Kenya: Floods - Oct 2019

Thu, 24 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000138-KEN
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Kenya

Heavy rain has been affecting several counties since last week, causing flash flooding and landslides. According to media reports, as of 24 October, 9 people have died as a result, 4 in Elgeyo-Marakwet County, 4 in Wajir county and 1 in Turkana County. Thousands of people have been displaced and roads and houses have been damaged. (ECHO, 24 Oct 2019)

[H]eavy rain has affected large areas over the last week, causing flash flooding and landslides. The northern and north-eastern counties are most affected; as of 24 October, at least 21 people have died, thousands have been displaced, and houses, roads and other infrastructure have been damaged. The Kenya Meteorological Department has warned of continued, countrywide heavy rain and strong winds over the coming days. Further severe flooding is predicted, particularly along the Tana River. (ECHO, 26 Oct 2019)

Based on data from Kenya Red Cross staff and volunteers a total of 14,083HHs (approx. 84,367 people) have been affected, 21 deaths reported with 2 others injured. The number of displaced households is currently estimated at 6,000HHs. In addition, 531 acres of farmland have been destroyed and 21,675 livestock have been washed away. Assessments are continuously ongoing with a possibility of a significant increase in the number of affected populations. (IFRC, 29 Oct 2019)

Heavy rainfall in many regions of Kenya since the start of the short rains season in early October has led to riverine and flash floods, rock falls, mudslides and landslides. More than 101,000 people have been affected, mainly in the north-eastern, central, and coastal regions, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS). The KRCS has confirmed that at least 14,000 people have been displaced who were living in low-lying areas where rivers have burst their banks. At least 29 flood-related deaths have been reported and the death toll and number of people displaced is expected to rise in the days ahead as further information is received and verified from affected areas.(OCHA, 30 Oct 2019)

43,000 people have been affected in Wajir County (north-east Kenya) and the number of flood-related deaths has increased to 29. Approximately 36,000 people have been displaced, more than 101,000 affected, 52 schools and 14 facilities are inaccessible. Roads are flooded and two bridges damaged, including the main bridge linking Tanzania and Kenya. (ECHO, 31 Oct 2019.)

More than 144,000 people in 25 counties across the country are estimated to be affected by riverine and flash floods, rock falls, mudslides and landslides, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS). The Government’s National Disaster Operation Centre (NDOC) also confirmed that at least 17,000 people have been displaced and 48 died due to the floods. With the current weather forecasts, which predicts heavy rains until the end of November, the NDOC expects these numbers to rise, including affecting 200,000 refugees living in settlements in Dadaab. (OCHA, 5 Nov 2019)

Kenya Red Cross teams in various parts of the country are supporting the evacuation of families to safer areas. Working alongside the Government of Kenya, Red Cross teams are delivering emergency relief items and essential supplies like household and sanitation items in evacuation centres hosting those who have been displaced by the flooding. Areas affected by flooding so far include Marsabit, Wajir, Mandera, Tana River, Turkana, Elgeiyo Marakwet, Kitui, Meru, Kajiado, Nandi, Kwale, Garissa, Muranga and Busia. (IFRC, 25 Nov 2019)

Heavy rain has been affecting western Kenya, triggering landslides that have resulted in casualties and widespread damage. As of 26 November, at least 52 fatalities after major landslides occurred on 24 November in Tapach, Weiwei and Batei Wards Villages (West Pokot County). Around 45 people are reportedly still missing (ECHO, 26 Nov 2019.)

Date: 24 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Somalia: Somalia: Floods - Oct 2019

Fri, 18 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000133-SOM
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood
Affected countries: Somalia

Moderate to heavy rains continued in many parts of Somalia and within the Ethiopian highlands over the last one week. River levels at Belet Weyne (Shabelle) are currently very high and the trend is expected to continue reaching over bank in the coming few days. Along Juba, the river levels are also high. The cumulative rainfall forecast for the coming week is calling for moderate to heavy rains across the country as well as the Ethiopian highlands. The river levels will therefore continue to rise with a high risk of flooding along the entire two channels. Flash floods are expected in built-up and low lying areas of Bay, Bakool and central regions given the forecast. (FAO, 18 Oct 2019)

Latest reports received in the evening of 21 October indicate that nearly 40 per cent of Belet Weyne town has been affected by flooding with an estimated 72,000 people having moved to Ceel Jaale highlands and surrounding areas. All villages in the north of Belet Weyne town have been affected and humanitarian partners are yet to establish the number of people displaced in these areas. The situation is further compounded by flooding from an outburst of minor tributaries in Belet Weyne, which has caused damage to farmland in villages such as Hawo Taako. Significant portions of crop land were also flooded in Bardheere in Gedo region, (where the river is already at bank full) and Bualle. Riverine communities have been asked to vacate their homes to higher ground with immediate effect. The rains will continue in the next seven days and river levels will continue to rise, further worsening the flood situation. (OCHA, 21 Oct 2019)

Riverine and flash flooding has affected populations in middle and lower Juba, Bay, lower and middle Shabelle, and Hiraan states. The number of people affected is expected to be high; an initial 76,000 people have been displaced so far in the worst affected areas. The impact of the rains will have on food security is not yet clear. (ACAPS, 24 Oct 2019)

An estimated 182,000 people have been displaced thus far due to flooding, according to UNHCR-Protection Return Monitoring Network (PRMN). Farmland, infrastructure and roads have been destroyed, and livelihoods disrupted in some of the worst-hit areas.(OCHA, 28 Oct 2019)

As of 5 November, 547,000 people have been impacted of whom 370,000 are displaced. In Belet Weyne district, an estimated 45,500 households (273,000 people) have fled their homes. Farmland, infrastructure, and roads have been destroyed in some of the worst-hit areas in Hirshabelle, Jubaland and South West States. At least 17 deaths have been reported. (OCHA, 06 Nov 2019)

Date: 18 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Philippines: Philippines: Earthquakes - Oct 2019

Thu, 17 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: EQ-2019-000140-PHL
Disaster type: Earthquake
Affected countries: Philippines

An earthquake of 6.4 M at a depth of 14 km occurred in North Cotabato province (Mindanao island, southern Philippines) on 16 October at 11.37 UTC. The epicentre was approximately 30 km north-west of Koronadal City (Cotabato province), and 7 km east-northeast of Columbio Town (Sultan Kudarat Province). Two aftershocks of magnitude 5.3 M and 4.9 M were recorded, USGS PAGER estimates that up to 121,000 people were exposed to very strong shaking and up to 2,150,000 to strong shaking. Media report 4 deaths and more than 60 people injured in Tulunan, North Cotabato, and in Magsaysay and Digos in Davao del Sur. In addition, 29 buildings, including houses, schools and hospitals, have been damaged. (ECHO, 17 Oct 2019)

The number of fatalities has increased to 5 and 89 people are injured. According to the national authorities, as of 18 October, 202 people have been displaced, 3,068 affected and at least 337 houses damaged. 497 aftershocks have been recorded and several landslides were triggered by the main seismic event, causing damage to houses and infrastructure. (ECHO, 18 Oct 2019)

As of 25 October 2019. 5:00 AM, a total of 838 aftershocks were recorded, of which, 447 were plotted and 53 were felt, ranging from magnitude 1.4 to 5.5 and Intensity of | to VII. (Govt. Philippines, 25 Oct 2019)

An earthquake of 6.6 M, at a depth of 15 km, struck Cotabato Province (Mindanao Island) on 29 October at 1.04 UTC, approximately 17 km east of Tulunan (Cotabato Province) and 19 km west-northwest of Bansalan (Davao del Sur Province). Two aftershocks of magnitude 5.8 M and 5.0 M were also recorded. Up to 494,000 people were exposed to very strong shaking and 2,379,000 to strong shaking. (ECHO, 29 Oct 2019)

Initial government reports indicated that one person died from falling debris. 66 injured people were admitted to hospital for treatment. (Govt. of the Philippines, 29 Oct 2019)

On 29 October, at 9:04 a.m. Philippine time, a 6.6-magnitude earthquake struck in Tulunan, Cotabato in Mindanao, just two weeks after a 6.3-magnitude earthquake occurred in the same area, causing seven deaths and 215 injured. According to the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS), the 6.6 magnitude earthquake was tectonic in origin with a depth of 7 km and was felt in Cotabato and neighboring municipalities and provinces of five regions of Mindanao, including the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (BARMM). Small to strong magnitude earthquakes followed, and the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reports of 270 aftershocks. Initial assessments by NDRRMC report Kidapawan, M’lang and Tulunan in North Cotabato, and Digos and Magsaysay in Davao del Sur in the Mindanao are among the hardest hit areas. The earthquake affected over 16,400 people. Some 4,400 people are staying in evacuation centres in Kidapawan, North Cotabato and Digos, Davao del Sur, while nearly 4,900 people are with host families in M’lang, Tulunan. NDRRMC, is reporting five deaths and nearly 400 injured. (OCHA, 30 Oct 2019)

On 31 October at 9:11 a.m. local time another 6.5-magnitude earthquake struck close to Tulunan. Tectonic in origin, the earthquake was felt strongly in North Cotabato, Kidapawan City, Davao del Sur and surrounding municipalities, according to the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS). The earthquake on 29 October caused 8 deaths, some due to collapsed walls and falling debris, and nearly 400 have been injured. The number of casualties and damages is expected to rise as the local authorities continue to conduct assessments. Affected communities, displaced in evacuation centres, with host families or camping outdoors in makeshift tents are afraid to go indoors for fear of being injured. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), over 25,600 people are affected (previous report 16,400 people) in 59 barangays in Regions XI and XII, of which almost 12,800 (previous report 4,400 people) are in 19 evacuation centres, while over 6,700 (previous report 4,900 people) are staying with host families. (OCHA, 31 Oct 2019)

On the 16 October 2019, an earthquake struck 6.3 magnitude and 15km deep, approximately 22km southeast of Tulunan town. This earthquake killed seven people and injured 215 people .The earthquake affected 7,303 families (35,481 people), As of 27 October 2019, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reported that 936 families (4,604 people) were still being served in three evacuation centres while 407 families (2,035 people) are served outside the evacuation centres. This second earthquake on the 29 October 2019 caused up to six casualties, injuries due to falling masonry, as well as residents with damaged houses that are now fearful to return indoors. Rains in some of the areas have made their situation worse making it more difficult for people who are staying outside their houses. Five people have been killed, 394 injured and two people remain missing. More than 8,000 people (8,405) have been displaced, of which 4,900 living in outside areas, and 3,505 residing in evacuation centres (IFRC, 1 November 2019.)

As of 2 November 2019, the Philippines Government had provided over ₱6,000,000 worth of assistance to over 145,000 people from 149 barangays in response to the earthquakes around Mindanao. To date, some 20,635 people are currently staying in 27 evacuation centers set up by LGUs. It has been reported that approximately 6,850 persons are with their relatives or friends. The government has recorded over 20,000 totally, and almost 6,400 partially, damaged houses. (Govt. of the Philippines, 2 November 2019)

As of 4 November, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reports of 22 deaths and over 420 injured as a result of a series of earthquakes that occurred between 16 and 31 October. Over 21,000 homes are destroyed and 7,200 partially damaged, mostly in the municipalities of Makilala and Tulunan in North Cotabato. More than 870 schools are reported damaged, which are frequently used as evacuation centres and has also hampered education of over 3,4 million of learners. More than 70 health facilities and 80 other public structures are also damaged, as well as over 25 bridges and roads in Region XI and XII. Over 188,000 people are affected in some 240 barangays in Region XI and XII. Some 24,000 people are staying in evacuation centres, while nearly 7,500 are staying with host families. The municipality of Makilala has been hit the hardest, with over 100,000 people affected, most of whom are currently staying in makeshift shelters. (OCHA, 4 Nov 2019)

According to the Philippines National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council, as of 6 November, 2 people are still missing and 417 are injured. At least 36,183 people have been displaced and are sheltered in 32 evacuation centres. 231,250 people in total were affected by the events, 3,150 houses, 1,076 schools and 73 health centres have also been damaged. (ECHO, 6 Nov 2019)

As of 7 November, there have been 21 deaths, 417 injured and 2 missing peoples as a result of the series of earthquakes which hit North Cotabato and Davao del Sur provinces. Affected population stands at 254,400 people. National government is leading the response in providing emergency relief to affected population. (OCHA, 07 Nov 2019)

As of 9 November, the death toll has risen to 23, with 535 people injured and 2 still missing as a result of the series of earthquakes which hit North Cotabato and Davao del Sur provinces. More than 264,000 have been affected in total. (OCHA, 9 Nov 2019)

11 November saw makeshift tents in Makilala, North Cotabato evacuation centers destroyed by strong winds and heavy rain, prompting local authorities to relocate families to other temporary shelters. As of 12 November, more than 109,000 people are displaced with half staying in evacuations camps, while others are staying with host families. Over 36,000 houses and nearly 1,400 schools are damaged. It is estimated that many families will be displaced for at least one year, as a result of damages to structures in the area. To date, the Philippines Department of Social Welfare and Development has distributed food and relief items to affected families worth PhP39 million ($765,000). (OCHA, 12 Nov 2019)

As of 14 November, more than 262,000 people affected are in need of assitance. The most severely affected provinces are Davao del Sur and North Cotabato. The earthquakes triggered substantial displacement as a result of destroyed, damaged or unsafe homes. More than 48,000 people are currently staying in evacuation centres, and around 59,000 are staying with host families. The municipality of Makilala in North Cotabato has been hit the hardest, with around 100,000 people affected, of which many are currently staying in makeshift shelters or open grounds. As of 14 November, over 23,000 homes are destroyed and 15,000 partially damaged, mostly in the municipalities of Makilala and Tulunan in North Cotabato. (OCHA, 15 Nov 2019)

As of 18 November, over 324,000 people had been affected by the earthquakes in Tulunan, North Cotobato, and needed assistance. Over 560 injuries had been recorded, as well as 24 deaths. 70 evacuation centers were established to support an IDP population of 45,800. Over 23,300 houses were destroyed as result of the earthquakes, while over 38,700 were significantly damaged. (OCHA, 18 Nov 2019)

An earthquake of 5.9 M at a depth of 13 km hit Bukidnon Province (Mindanao Island) on 18 November at 21:22 local time. The epicentre was approximately 2 km northwest of Kadingilan Municipality in Bukidnon Province, northern Mindanao. This is the fifth strong earthquake that hit Mindanao between October and November. Up to 193,000 people were exposed to very strong shaking and up to 585,000 to strong shaking. According to media reports, 4 people have been injured and 80 families evacuated. Several buildings have been damaged and classes were suspended in schools throughout the cities of Cotabato, Maramag, Quezon and Valencia. (ECHO, 18 Nov 2019)

As of 22 November, over 2,450 people were found to have been affected across 16 barangays from the earthquake in Bukidnon Province. As a result, over 790 people are taking shelter in two evacuation centers. Over 15 have been admitted to hospital to receive treatment for injuries, while a total of 440 houses have been found to be damaged in the assessments following the earthquake. (Govt. of the Philippines, 22 Nov 2019)

Appeals & Response Plans
Date: 17 Oct 2019Status: Ongoing

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United Republic of Tanzania: Tanzania: Floods - Oct 2019

Wed, 16 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000145-TZA
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: United Republic of Tanzania

Heavy rain has been affecting central and northern Tanzania since the beginning of October, causing flooding and river overflow. As of 16 October, the number of fatalities increased to 18, of which 11 in Morogoro Region and significant damage to houses, infrastructure and crops. (ECHO, 16 Oct 2019)

According to media reports, 14 people died in Handeni district (Tanga Region). Since mid October, several floods have led to a total death toll of 44. In addition, a number of houses, roads, bridges and crop farms have been damaged. (ECHO, 28 Oct 2019)

As of 31st October, Mara is one of the most affected regions hit by heavy rains between October 26th and 28th and particularly the district of Rorya and Musoma Rural. The Emergency Needs Assessments conducted by TRCS National Disaster Response Team (NDRT)’ members in coordination with Local Authorities in these districts between October 29th and 31st, reported that rains coupled with strong windstorms affected 1,113 people (292 HH), including 50 injured. Several homes and infrastructure, including roads, classrooms and bridges were either destroyed or damaged, as well as several livestock and small stocks, in addition to 370 acres of crop farms which were washed away. TRCS is seeking CHF 83,430 from the IFRC Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to meet the immediate needs of the flood affected population in Rorya and Musoma Rural districts in Mara region. (IFRC, 15 Nov 2019)

Date: 16 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Samoa: Pacific: Measles Outbreak - Oct 2019

Wed, 16 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000139-WSM
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Australia, Fiji, New Zealand, Samoa, Tonga


The Ministry of Health and Medical Services is declaring an outbreak of measles for the Serua/Namosi Subdivision. There have been two confirmed cases and two suspected cases reported from Wailali Settlement in Wainadoi. Three of the cases have recovered or are recovering at home, and one is currently admitted in hospital. (Gov't of Fiji, 07 Nov 2019)

As of 11 November, one of the suspected cases from the 7th November update was subsequently confirmed to have measles after lab testing. There are three confirmed cases and one suspected case reported from Wailali Settlement in Wainadoi. The three confirmed cases are a four-month-old baby and two adults between the ages of twenty and twenty-five. (Gov't of Fiji, 11 Nov 2019)

Seven cases of measles have been confirmed by 19 November. The latest confirmed cases are a 7 month old from Wainadoi, a 3 month old from Wainadoi, and a 19 year old from Navunikabi in Namosi. There are 2 more suspected cases in Navunikabi Namosi. The 7 month old and 3 month old babies are currently admitted under isolation at Navua hospital. (Govt. of Fiji, 19 Nov 2019)

As of 20 November, there are 9 confirmed cases of measles from Serua/Namosi Subdivision. The latest two confirmed cases are a 15 year old from Wainadoi, and a 2 year old who had been staying in Waibogi Serua. The outbreak response teams are responding to the notification of the new cases, which includes vaccination and quarantine of contacts if needed. (Govt. of Fiji, 20 Nov 2019)

As of 22 November, there are now 10 confirmed cases of measles. The latest confirmed case is a 25-year-old pregnant woman from Samabula. The woman presented to the CWM Hospital on 21 November 2019 and is currently admitted under isolation. (Gov't of Fiji, 22 Nov 2019)


The Ministry of Health held a news conference in Apia on 9 October to announce a suspected measles case that may be transmitted from the Auckland outbreak. The MoH further reported if lab results sent to Australia were positive, an outbreak would be declared. The Government of Samoa plans to set up isolation facilities for patients with measles, creating space in Apia for a children's pop-up vaccination clinic to speed up herd immunity, and extra airport passenger surveillance. World Health Organisation warns against unnecessary air travel to Samoa. (ECHO, 11 Oct 2019)

A measles epidemic was confirmed by the Government of Samoa on 16 October. There were seven confirmed cases of measles; two adults and five children. All were treated and discharged with no complications. However, there has also been one confirmed death, a one-year-old child. (Govt. of Samoa, 16 Oct 2019)

As of 20 October, there have been 169 suspected measles cases. 53 percent are children under the age of four, and 20 percent are 20-30 year olds. 91 percent of suspected cases reside in Upolu, while the remaining 9 percent are in Savaii. (Govt. of Samoa, 21 Oct 2019)

As of 27 October, there have been 314 suspected measles cases, with 15 confirmed cases. Over 55 percent of the suspected cases have been found in children under the age of four. Almost 80 percent of suspected cases reside in Upolu, while almost 20 percent are in Savaii. (Govt. of Samoa, 30 Oct 2019)

The Samoan government will close all schools in the country due to the current measles epidemic. The Cabinet has approved for all primary schools to be closed from 15 November and all high schools as of 29 November. More than 300 people, mostly young children, were suspected to have the viral illness. 3 people have died from suspected measles cases since the declaration of the epidemic last month. (ECHO, 04 Nov 2019)

As of 4 November 2019 there have been 513 suspected measles cases with 48 laboratory confirmed cases. To date, there has been three measles-related mortality; a 14-month old an 8-month old; and a 37-year old, all highly suspected measles and all awaiting laboratory confirmation. Of the 513 suspected cases, 62% are children less than 5 years of age; 10% age 5-14 years; 15% age 15-24 years; 7% age 25-35 years; 6% age 35 and above and 1% age not recorded. 83% (370) of suspected cases reside in Upolu and 15% (73) in Savaii. (Gov't of Samoa)

In Samoa, the situation is deteriorating. There are at least 628 suspected measles cases recorded with 48 confirmed so far. A vaccinologist from Auckland University said the disease was at the stage where it was now difficult to stop. The necessary measure is to provide vaccinations. Samoa had a very low uptake of measles vaccines for years and the country had some of the lowest vaccine coverages in the world. (ECHO, 13 Nov 2019)

On 18 November, UNICEF announced that it is supporting the Government of Samoa to respond to a measles outbreak in the country. The Government of Samoa officially declared a state of emergency on 15 November 2019, four weeks into the continuing measles outbreak with more than 1,000 suspected cases so far. All schools have been temporarily closed in order to prevent the disease from spreading. The epidemic has claimed the lives of 14 children under-five years old and one adult. (UNICEF, 18 Nov 2019)

As of 21 November, Samoa was dealing with over 700 measles cases. The Samoan Ministry of Health (SMoH) issued a press release the day beforehand providing details of the mass vaccination campaign due to start tomorrow in urban Apia and Leulomoega. Approximately 70,000 people are in the targeted groups for vaccination, which includes children and infants aged 6 months to 19 years of age, and non-pregnant women aged 20 to 35 years. (ECHO, 21 Nov 2019)

As of 26 November, 2,437 measles cases and 32 deaths have been reported with 243 cases recorded in the last 24 hours. The government also reported that 24,000 people had so far been immunised in a compulsory mass vaccination campaign launched under the state of emergency. Travel between Upolu and Savaii is prohibited for anyone aged 19 or younger. (ECHO, 26 Nov 2019)


The Tonga Ministry of Health advises that cases of measles have been identified in a high school rugby group, who were playing rugby in New Zealand in September. The team returned to Tonga on 1 October. The Ministry has taken rapid steps to prevent further spread of the virus, including isolating the current cases at home, vaccinating contacts of the cases and quarantining the remaining squad members, staff and other contacts. (Govt. of Tonga, 18 Oct 2019)

As of 28 October, 107 cases of confirmed, or suspected, measles cases had been identified in Tonga. Authorities reported that the cases are typically experiencing a mild illness. Approximately 65 percent of these cases were discovered in 15-19 year olds. (Govt. of Tonga, 28 Oct 2019)

As of 5 November, 177 cases of confirmed or suspected measles have been identified in Tonga. Clinicians have reported that most cases are experiencing a mild illness. (Gov't of Tonga, 6 Nov 2019)

The Ministry of Education and Training and the Ministry of Health of Tonga announced the closure of all government primary schools from 14-25 November 2019 to further contain the outbreak of measles. The Ministry of Health advised people in Tonga to take precautionary measures to minimize the spread of measles, especially among students. (ECHO, 13 Nov 2019)

The Tonga Ministry of Health officially declared a measles outbreak on 22 October. As of 19 November, 310 cases of confirmed or suspected measles and no deaths have been recorded. (ECHO, 25 Nov 2019)

Date: 16 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Democratic Republic of the Congo: DR Congo: Floods - Oct 2019

Tue, 15 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000153-COD
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Several regions of [DRC] have been affected by flooding, following intense rain since mid October. The worst hit areas are Zongo and Libenge towns (Sud-Ubangi Province, north-western DRC), where the river Ubangui breached its banks and flood waters have yet to recede.One person died in Zongo and 36,800 people are homeless. In Sud-Ubangi province, media report 14,200 houses damaged, 12 schools, 21 bridges, 48 public buildings and wide areas of crops. (ECHO, 11 Nov 2019)

Floods since October have affected more than 10,000 people in Dungu locality in Haut Uele province in north-east DRC. The flood-affected people are being hosted by other families. Around 600 under 5 children are among those affected by floods, according to the local Red Cross. The floods have destroyed hundreds of farms, raising fears of food shortages. (OCHA, 12 Nov 2019)

Since the end of October, heavy rains caused flooding in Isangi territory, eastern Ituri province, affecting 45 villages and forcing 18,000 people to flee inundated areas. No humanitarian response has been provided yet and those affected are in dire need of shelter, household items, water and healthcare. (OCHA, 19 Nov 2019)

Date: 15 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Côte d'Ivoire: Cote d'Ivoire: Floods - Oct 2019

Fri, 11 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000131-CIV
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Côte d'Ivoire

Heavy rainfall has been observed in parts of Cote D’Ivoire in the month of October 2019. On 11 to 13 October 2019, the rainfall intensified and resulted in flooding in six cities; Abidjan, Aboisso, Grand Bassam, Ayamé, and Man causing significant damage and loss of lives. In Ayamé the river overflowed its banks resulting in all commercial districts and Ākobo village to be flooded. Similarly, in Alépé, river flooding was experienced affecting communities along the river.

A total of 12,900 people (2,150 households) have been affected, 202 homes completely submerged, 72 houses destroyed, 32 people injured, and 12 deaths. Most of the 12,900 flood-affected people have lost their necessities, such as food and non-food items. More than 612 people are also homeless and relocated to host families or temporary sites. Several latrines and septic tanks were washed away and a health centre has also been flooded. Main water sources (wells and water sources) were flooded and contaminated. Aboisso is a cholera hot spot and therefore there is a high risk of waterborne diseases (IFRC, 22 Oct 2019.)

Date: 11 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Sudan: Sudan: Rift Valley Fever Outbreak - Oct 2019

Thu, 10 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000150-SDN
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Sudan

On 10 October 2019, the National IHR Focal Point for Sudan notified WHO of 47 suspected cases of Rift Valley Fever (RVF), including two deaths in Arb’aat Area, Towashan Village, in El Qaneb locality, Red Sea State...On 13 October 2019, a total of 10 suspected RVF cases were recorded in Barbar and Abu Hamed localities, of River Nile State. Of the 10 suspected RVF cases, five samples were tested and four were found positive for RVF. From 19 September 2019 until 11 November 2019, a total of 293 suspected human RVF cases, including 11 associated deaths have been reported from six states; including the Red Sea (120), River Nile (168), Kassala (2), White Nile (1), Khartoum (1), and Al Qadarif (1) States...The recent floods, following heavy rains on 13 August 2019, caused flash floods in 17 of the 18 states, including Abyei area in West Kordofan State. These floods have favored vector abundance, distribution, and longevity. The current RVF outbreak started on 19 September 2019 and has affected six states impacted by the floods...In a country where export of livestock is one of the major sources of the national income, the current RVF outbreak, in the context of political unrest and a debilitated health system requires an urgent need for external assistance. (WHO, 14 Nov 2019)

Date: 10 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Ghana: Ghana: Floods - Oct 2019

Sun, 06 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000135-GHA
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Ghana

Ghana experienced heavy rains combined with water releases from the Bagre Dam in Burkina Faso in early October 2019 which caused serious flooding and extensive damage to farmlands, houses, properties and loss of lives across the country. Between the 6 to 12 October 2019, the Upper East Region, experienced torrential rains which resulted in damaged houses and farmlands leading to displacement of people and fatalities. Local media in Ghana reported that as many as 29 people (to be verified by local authorities) have died in flood-related incidents. Media reports also suggested that between 1,000 and 4,000 buildings have been destroyed or severely damaged, including almost 2,000 in Kassena Nankana Municipal, which includes the town of Navrongo and 830 in Bongo district. Due to the flood situation and the number of people affected by the floods, the Vice President of Ghana has visited he affected areas on 15th October 2019. In comparison to the previous floods (2018) this year has caused more damages in terms of shelter partially, completely destroyed, and loss of household items. (IFRC, 29 Oct 2019)

Date: 06 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Ethiopia: Ethiopia: Locust Infestation - Oct 2019

Thu, 03 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: IN-2019-000149-ETH
Disaster type: Insect Infestation
Affected countries: Ethiopia

A Desert Locust infestation has been ravaging crop and pasture-land, as well as trees and other vegetation since June 2019 in parts of Afar, Amhara, Somali and Tigray regions. The swarms have produced hopper bands that have covered more than 174 square kilometers (in 56 woredas and 1085 kebeles) and are consuming approximately 8,700 metric tons of green vegetation every day...In Afar region, the Desert Locust is spreading to Gewane and Amibara woredas. Over 21,000 hectares (across 15 woredas) was aerially sprayed. (OCHA, 3 Nov 2019)

The Desert Locust (Schistocerca gregaria) infestation in Ethiopia has deteriorated, despite ongoing ground and aerial control operations...Hoppers have fledged, and an increasing number of small immature and mature swarms have continued to devour crop and pasture fields in Tigray, Amhara, Oromia, and Somali regional states. In Amhara, some farms have registered nearly 100 percent loss of teff, a staple crop in Ethiopia. Moreover, eggs are hatching profusely and forming hopper bands in the Somali region, due to the heavy rainfall. The hopper bands recorded to date have covered more than 351 km2 and are consuming at least 1 755 000 MT of green vegetation per day...If not controlled, the Desert Locusts could continue moving within Ethiopia and invade northeast Kenya, the western lowlands and highlands of Eritrea, the Red Sea coastal plains in Eritrea, and adjacent southern coastal areas in Sudan. (FAO, 7 Nov 2019)

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Date: 03 Oct 2019Status: Ongoing

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Cameroon: Cameroon/Chad: Floods - Oct 2019

Tue, 01 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000119-CMR
Disaster type: Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Cameroon, Chad

On 1 October, the Logone River overflowed, flooding a valley in Zina district, located within Logone-et-Chari department of Far North region. According to one source, flooding restricted access to several villages within the valley, although the exact name or number of villages is not confirmed. Populations within the commune of Zina have been forced to leave villages, although the scale of displacement from the floods is not clear. The flooding impacts will likely be aggravated by the ongoing conflict in the region, high levels of food insecurity, and the degree of poverty in Far North, one of the poorest regions of Cameroon. The floods are expected to have the greatest impact on poor households and people who have been displaced, both by the current floods and from previous displacements; Far North region has over 480,000 IDPs, returnees, and refugees. (ACAPS, 11 Oct 2019)

Since 28 September, the rainy season in Cameroon has caused mass flooding in the departments Logone-et-Chari and Mayo-Dany, Far North region. Across 3 cities, approximately 50,000 people have been evacuated, including 20,000 who have lost their homes. Crops and public infrastructure, such as roads and WASH facilities, have all been affected. Access is constrained as responders must rely on boats to reach communities in need. A number of health centers are no longer functional and over 40 schools have been closed. Short-term needs are the provision of shelter, health care, hygiene, and clean drinking water. The damage to crops from the floods is expected to have a longer term impact on the harvests, which may lead to further food insecurity in the region. (ACAPS, 23 Oct 2019)

Media report approximately 100,000 people affected across the transborder region of Southwestern Chad and Northeastern Cameroon, following the overflow of the Logone River and Lake Maga. Houses have been destroyed, roads flooded and bridges damaged. (ECHO, 24 Oct 2019)

A total of 25,582 persons have been affected (3,402 households) in 4 sub-divisions. Therefore, based on the analysis made in the region in view of the various other projects in the pipeline, 52 per cent of the affected population are women while the remaining 48 per cent are men. (IFRC, 24 Oct 2019)

Date: 01 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Pakistan: Pakistan: Earthquake - Sep 2019

Tue, 24 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: EQ-2019-000117-PAK
Disaster type: Earthquake
Affected countries: Pakistan

A powerful earthquake jolted several parts of Pakistan Administered Kashmir on 24 September 2019 at 4.02pm local time, particularly areas of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The earthquake severely affected Jatlan in Mirpur district, Azad Jammu and Kashmir. According to the US Geological Survey (USGS), the 5.8 magnitude earthquake struck at a shallow depth of 10 kilometers with its epicenter lying one kilometer southeast of Mirpur, Azad Jammu and Kashmir. According to the preliminary information, 19 deaths reported and more than 300 injured. The high intensity earthquake also caused severe to moderate damages to houses, buildings, and other infrastructure in Mirpur district. The main road along Mirpur to Jatlan along the Jatlan Canal is damaged and caused damages of vehicles on the road when the earthquake struck. The number of deaths and injuries and affected families are likely to be increased in the coming days once official report is issued. (IFRC, 25 Sep 2019)

Up to 3,000 people were exposed to very strong shaking and up to 910,000 to strong shaking. According to media reports, at least 25 people have died and around 400 have been injured. Hundreds of houses have collapsed, many roads have been destroyed or damaged and as well as several bridges (ECHO, 25 Sep 2019)

According to the preliminary information, 38 casualties and more than 646 injured people have been reported. The high intensity earthquake also caused severe to moderate damages to houses, buildings, and other infrastructure in District Mirpur - 7,004 houses have been partially damaged while another 1,619 houses have been reported to be fully damaged. The main road in Mirpur – Jatlan along the Jatlan Canal has been damaged causing partial damage to 150 vehicles, and another 50 fully damaged. Total affected households are 8,619 families consists of the number of houses partially and completed damaged in two districts – Mirpur and Bhimber. The number of deaths and injuries and affected families are likely to increase in the coming days once official report is issued. Electrical power supply, mobile and landline telephone services coverage are disrupted. (IFRC, 29 Sep 2019)

According to the latest report by Muslim Aid from 30 September, 40 people died and more than 1,600 have been injured. 1,619 houses collapsed and 7,100 have been damaged. (ECHO, 02 Oct 2019)

According to Pakistan’s NDMA situation report dated 11 October, 38 people have lost their lives and more than 700 people have been injured by the earthquake. The high intensity earthquake also caused severe to moderate damages to houses, buildings, and other infrastructures. Over 7,400 families have been affected in districts of Mirpur and Bhimper due to damages suffered to their houses. (IFRC, 20 Nov 2019)

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Date: 24 Sep 2019Status: Ongoing

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Philippines: Philippines: Polio Outbreak - Sep 2019

Sat, 14 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000110-PHL
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Philippines

On 14 September 2019, VDPV2 was confirmed in one three-year-old child with Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) symptoms, from Lanao del Sur (Mindanao). The isolated VDPV2 was found to be genetically linked to the 2 confirmed VDPV2 environmental samples. As a result, VDPV2 was classified as circulating (cVDPV2). On 19 September 2019, the Department of Health (DOH) confirmed the re-emergence of polio in the Philippines and declared a national polio outbreak, in line with International Health Regulations (IHR). Synchronized polio vaccination conducted in Manila in response to the 1st confirmed VDPV1 samples only reached 53.8% of the target number of children aged 0 to 59 months. (WHO/UNICEF, 19 Sep 2019)

On 19 September, the second VDPV2 case was confirmed in a 5-year-old boy from Laguna Province, approximately 100 km south-east of Metro Manila. Investigations and further characterization of the virus are ongoing. In addition, VDPV1 has also been isolated from environmental samples collected on 1 July, 22 July, 13 August, and 27 August from Manila. WHO currently assesses the risk of international spread from the Philippines to be low. However, the risk of further spread within the Philippines is high due to limited population immunity (coverage of bivalent oral polio vaccine (OPV) and inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) was at 66% and 41% respectively in 2018) and suboptimal AFP surveillance. (WHO, 24 Sep 2019)

The re-emergence of the disease comes almost 20 years since the Philippines was declared polio-free in 2000. The last known case of wild poliovirus recorded in the Philippines was in 1993. (IFRC, 28 Sep 2019)

DOH is planning 3 vaccination rounds targeting 6,650,308 under-five children with monovalent Oral Polio Vaccine against poliovirus type 2 (mOPV2) in affected areas...DOH is planning 2 vaccination rounds targeting 2,553,262 under-five children with bivalent Oral Polio Vaccine (bOPV) in the National Capital Region (NCR). Enhanced routine immunization with 3 doses of bOPV as well as inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) nationwide is ongoing. (WHO/UNICEF, 9 Oct 2019)

Synchronized polio vaccination campaigns began on 14 October in National Capital Region (NCR), Davao City, Davao del Sur, and Lanao del Sur, including Marawi City. The current campaign in NCR aims to vaccinate almost 1.3 million children under five and over 400,000 in Mindanao between 14-27 October. No further cases have been confirmed. The current polio outbreak figures were derived from nine confirmed environmental samples and two human cases, resulting from persistently low routine immunization coverage, and poor sanitation and hygiene. (WHO/UNICEF, 17 Oct 2019)

In Mindanao, one 4-year old child from Datu Piang, Maguindanao, Mindanao was confirmed with VDPV type 2 on 24 October 2019. This is a newly infected province and represents an expansion of the outbreak in Mindanao. This is the second human case categorised as positive for cVDPV2, as the case from Laguna is categorized as positive for immunodeficiency-related VDPV (iVDPV2). A third child from Maguindano residing in Datu Paglas was confirmed testing positive for VDPV2 on 25 October. This brings the total of cVDPV2 cases to three. (WHO & UNICEF, 25 Oct 2019)

As of 9 November, a fourth confirmed polio case has been confirmed in a three-year old female from Lambayong in Sultan Kudarat province (Mindanao), who had not received any dose of oral polio vaccine (OPV). On 4 November, stool samples sent to the National Institute of Infectious Diseases (NIID) in Japan tested positive for VDPV2. This is the third human case categorised as positive for cVDPV2: all polio viruses isolated are genetically linked. The case from Laguna is categorized as positive for immunodeficiency-related VDPV (iVDPV2). (WHO, 9 Nov 2019)

On 20 November, the Department of Health (DOH) confirmed three more cases of poliovirus, all from Mindanao, bringing the total of new cases this year to seven. All three cases were admitted to the Cotabato Regional Medical Center. The first two cases were unvaccinated with the polio vaccine, while the third received incomplete doses. The previous polio vaccination campaigns in October reported a 96% coverage among children 0-59 months old from the 17 cities/municipality in NCR. Davao del Sur recorded a 92% coverage from its 10 city/municipalities while Lanao del Sur reported an 85% coverage from 40 city/municipalities. (Govt. of the Philippines, 20 Nov 2019)

The latest confirmed case of polio was found in a nine-year old female from Basilan, who had not received any vaccines for Polio. This has brought the total number of confirmed polio cases to eight. (Govt. of the Philippines, 25 Nov 2019).

Key ContentAppeals & Response PlansUseful Links
Date: 14 Sep 2019Status: Ongoing

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Senegal: Senegal: Floods - Sep 2019

Tue, 10 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000118-SEN
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood
Affected countries: Senegal

Heavy rainfall in Senegal has caused extensive damages in Rufisque and Guédiawaye departments in Dakar Region and Kaolack department in the Region of the same name. Starting on 10 September 2019, the rains continued through to 17th but by 15 and 16 September, the cumulated flood waters started causing widespread flooding in Dakar and Kaolack regions. The flooding has led to widespread destruction of livelihoods, as farms fields have been washed away. About 408 persons (about 46 households) were obliged to flee their houses and seek safety in dry places. The Senegalese Red Cross Society (SRCS) in collaboration with local authorities conducted a rapid assessment on 17 September 2019. (IFRC, 2 Oct 2019)

Date: 10 Sep 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Sudan: Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - Sep 2019

Mon, 09 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000113-SDN
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Sudan

Sudan's Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) announced on 10 September that four out of the six samples obtained from patients with acute diarrhoea were positive for Vibreo cholera at the National Public Health Laboratory (NPHL)...As of 9 September 2019, a total of 41 suspected cholera cases, with two deaths - case fatality rate (CFR) of 3.57 per cent - were reported from Blue Nile State. With proper treatment, the case fatality rate for cholera should remain below 1 per cent. The first documented case was reported on 2 September 2019 from the Ganis Sharig (East) area in El Roseires town in Blue Nile. Four out of seven localities in Blue Nile reported suspected cholera cases, with the majority of cases reported in El Roseires (36 cases), Damazine (3 cases), Wad Almahi and Geissan with a single case each. (OCHA, 11 Sep 2019)

Between 28 August and 10 September, Sudan’s Federal Ministry of Health reported at least 51 cases of acute watery diarrhoea in Blue Nile State, including at least 3 deaths. (WHO, 11 Sep 2019)

As of 17th September 2019, five out of seven localities in Blue Nile state reported 94 suspected cholera cases, with six deaths reported. According to the Ministry of Health, the states that have the highest risks of cholera outbreak are: White Nile, Gedaref, Sennar, Kassala and Khartoum states. Humanitarian partners have provided approximately 146,000 people with improved access to safe water and sanitation in Blue Nile. The Sudan Humanitarian Fund (SHF) is allocating $7.6 million for the cholera and flood response under its Reserve for Emergencies envelope. (OCHA, 18 Sep 2019)

Humanitarian partners developed a cholera readiness and response plan and are seeking US$ 20.3 million for the next three months (October - December 2019). (UNCT, 30 Sep 2019)

Number of suspected cholera cases continues to rise, with 226 cases—including eight deaths— reported in Blue Nile and Sennar states as of 30 September 2019. Federal Ministry of Health has requested Oral Cholera Vaccine (OCV) to target 1.6 million people in high risk areas of Blue Nile and Sennar states. Forecasts estimate up to 13,200 cholera cases in the next 6 months in high risk states of Sudan. (OCHA, 3 Oct 2019)

As of 22 October 2019, 323 suspected cholera cases, including 10 deaths, were reported in Blue Nile, Sennar and Khartoum states, according to Sudan's Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) and WHO. The first case was detected on 28 of August 2019. An oral cholera vaccine (OCV) campaign launched on 11 October is currently ongoing, targeting 1.6 million people in high risk communities in Blue Nile and Sennar states. The aim of the campaign is to contain the outbreak and prevent its spread to neighbouring states (OCHA, 24 Oct 2019.)

The Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) reported one case of cholera during epidemiological week 46 (10 – 16 November) of 2019. The cumulative number of reported cases since the declaration of cholera outbreak on 8 August 2019 is 336 including 11 associated death with case fatality rate of 3.3%. The attack rate was 0.8 per 10 000 population. Among all reported cases 9% were children under five years of age and 61% were female. The most affected age group were those between 15 and 30 years of age (27%). (WHO, 17 Nov 2019)

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Date: 09 Sep 2019Status: Ongoing

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Pakistan: Pakistan: Dengue Outbreak - Sep 2019

Sun, 01 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000123-PAK
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Pakistan

A total of 19,296 dengue positive cases have been confirmed as of 2 October 2019 and more than 30 deaths were reported in September, based on government reports. Approximately 9,403 cases were reported during the first half of September across the country, out of which 4,077 cases (51 per cent) were reported in Rawalpindi and Islamabad city. (IFRC, 11 Oct 2019)

As of early November, more than 45,000 people in Pakistan have been infected with the dengue virus in 2019. The health ministry has launched an extensive community awareness campaign targeting more than 28,800 households in the twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, where dengue cases are most concentrated. The campaign has set up mobile medical camps in various neighbourhoods, distributed mosquito nets and insect repellents to residents, and provided free clinical services to more than 20,000 dengue patients. The government has set up a special task force to lead response activities across the country, with the support of the National Institute of Health, which is providing technical assistance and laboratory services to ascertain the dengue virus serotypes circulating in the various geographical zones. (WHO, 14 Nov 2019)

From 8 July to 12 November 2019, a total of 47,120 confirmed cases of dengue fever, including 75 deaths, were reported from the provinces (KP, Punjab, Balochistan, and Sindh), Islamabad, and AJK. Almost 30 percent of these cases were found in the Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT), which is currently the largest concentration of dengue cases. Sindh has seen the most fatalities from dengue, with over 30 recorded deaths. (WHO, 19 Nov 2019)

Date: 01 Sep 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Thailand: Thailand: Floods and Landslides - Aug 2019

Thu, 29 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000104-THA
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide, Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Thailand

On 29 August 2019, Tropical Storm (TS) Podul crossed into north-east and northern Thailand bringing rainfall and winds causing flash flooding and landslides affecting 32 provinces namely Amnat Charoen, Chaiyaphoom, Chiang Mai, Chumporn, Kalasin, Khon Kaen, Krabi, Loei, Lumpang, Mae Hong Son, Maha Sarakham, Mukdaharn, Nakorn Phanom, Nan, Nong Bua Lam Phu, Petchaboon, Phitsanulok, Pichit, Pracheenburi, Prae, Ranong, RoiEt, Sakon Nakorn, Srakeo, Sri Saket, Sukhothai, Surin, Trad, Ubon Ratchathani, Udon Thani, Utaradit and Yasothorn). As of 7 September, 147 districts, 581 sub-districts, 3,142 villages, five (5) municipalities, and 11 communities are affected.

According to the Thai Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (DDPM), approximately 158,028 households have been affected, and 19 deaths reported (of 6 September 2019); however, assessments are ongoing. The catastrophe causing damages to infrastructure and assets, including 3,818 houses, 439 schools and 57 health facilities damaged; 1,503,367 rai (equivalent to 240,538 hectares) of crops inundated, 1,065 prawn farms, 16,577 fish farms, and 814,816 livestock (cattle, goats, pigs and poultry) affected. There is only partial access possible in six affected provinces as roads are damaged and/or submerged.

The Government of Thailand has announced emergency assistance plans in 14 provinces; and is continuing to conduct evacuations in 10 provinces (Amnat Charoen, Khon Kaen, Petchaboon, Phitsanulok Pichit, Roi-Et, Sri Saket, Sukhothai, Ubon Ratchathani and Yasothorn). The emergency assistance includes evacuations, setting up disaster relief shelters, as well as provision of food and drinking water.

There are concerns that the situation will be exacerbated by the impact of Tropical Storm Kajiki which entered Thailand on 3 September 2019; and has brought more rains in six provinces (Chiang Mai, Khon Kaen, Loei, Lumpang, Ubon Ratchathani and Uttaradit). (IFRC, 7 Sep 2019)

In Thailand, 19 deaths have been reported, 158,000 are affected and more than 4,300 buildings damaged and in Cambodia, 7 died and approximately 6,900 families were displaced. Over the next 24 hours moderate rainfall is forecast over most of the region, with locally heavy rainfall over northern Vietnam, and central-east Thailand. Locally very heavy rainfall is also expected over north-west Thailand. (ECHO, 12 Sep 2019)

As of 16 September, 24,000 people were displaced and 32 people were killed in floods in the four northeastern provinces of Roi Et, Si Sa Ket, Ubon Ratchathani and Yasothon, where the Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation is leading the response with support from the Red Cross. (OCHA, 16 Sep 2019)

Following Tropical Storm PODUL and Tropical Depression KAJIKI's passage, widespread floods have affected 32 Thai provinces since the end of August. Ubon Ratchathani, Yasothon, Roi Et, and Sisaket Provinces are the most affected and still in critical conditions. According to media reports, as of 19 September, 33 people are confirmed dead, 23,000 have been evacuated and 418,000 affected. At least 4,000 houses and 325,000 hectares of crops have been destroyed. The authorities have deployed rescue and emergency teams to help the affected population. For the next 24 hours, heavy rain is forecast over northern, north-eastern and upper central provinces. (ECHO, 19 Sep 2019)

The Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (DDPM) of Thailand has reported that as of 22 September at 16:00 (UTC +7), flooding has affected 33 provinces across Thailand, and particularly in the northeastern part. DDPM informed that the flood receded in most of the province affected, however, there are 4 provinces (Ubon Ratchathani, Yasothorn, Roi-et, and Srisaket) where the flood is still severe and in critical condition, with number of evacuated people in Ubon Ratchathani and Sri Saket reach up to 18,000 spread out in 47 evacuation centres. Currently, the disaster is in level 3 or ‘Large Scale’ (the highest level of emergency is 4). According to the Thai Meteorological Department (TMD), the rather strong high-pressure system from China will cover upper Thailand regions leading to rainfalls decrease over those areas and temperatures dropping by 3-5 degrees Celsius from 23-26 September. (AHA Centre, 22 Sep 2019)

As of 25 September, the Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (DDPM) reported that floods have receded in most of the provinces affected. However, there are 4 provinces (Ubon Ratchathani, Yasothorn, Srisaket, and Roi-et) where the floods are still severe and in critical condition, with at least 17,951 people spread out in 41 evacuation centres in Ubon Ratchathani, Sri Saket, and Yasothon. After the National EOC Coordination Meeting on 23 September, DDPM concluded that the response is within national capacity. Currently the situation is improving and entering the early recovery phase. No additional external resources will be needed at this time. (AHA Centre, 25 Sep 2019)

Date: 29 Aug 2019
Status: Past disaster

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