ReliefWeb - Disasters

ReliefWeb - Disasters

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ReliefWeb - Disasters

DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - Feb 2021

Sun, 07 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Glide: EP-2021-000014-COD

The Butembo branch of the National Institute of Biomedical Research (INRB) confirmed Ebola in samples taken from a patient with Ebola-like symptoms who had sought treatment at a local health centre. The woman was the wife of an Ebola survivor. She has since died. Butembo was one of the epicentres of the previous Ebola outbreak in eastern DRC. It is not unusual for sporadic cases to occur following a major outbreak. Due to the enormous local capacity built in the previous outbreak, the North Kivu Provincial health authorities are leading the current response with support from the Ministry of Health and the World Health Organization (WHO). WHO provided training to laboratory technicians, contact tracers, local vaccination teams and reached out to community groups to raise Ebola awareness as well as put in place an Ebola survivor programme. (WHO, 7 Feb 2021)

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Guinea: Ebola Outbreak - Jan 2021

Thu, 28 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Guinea
Glide: EP-2021-000016-GIN

Health authorities in Guinea today declared an outbreak of Ebola in the rural community of Gouéké in N’Zerekore prefecture after three Ebola cases were confirmed by the national laboratory, marking the first time the disease has been reported in the country since an outbreak ended in 2016. Initial investigations found that a nurse from the local health facility died on the 28 January 2021. Following her burial, six people who attended the funeral reported Ebola-like symptoms and two of them have died, while the other four have been hospitalized. Guinea was one of the three most-affected countries in the 2014–2016 West Africa Ebola outbreak which was the largest since the virus was first discovered in 1976. (WHO, 14 Feb 2021)

Ebola vaccination of people at high risk kicked off today in Guinea as the emergency response was escalated to counter the spread of the virus that re-emerged in the country a little more than a week ago for the first time since 2016. (WHO, 23 Feb 2021)

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Syria: Floods - Jan 2021

Mon, 18 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Syrian Arab Republic
Glide: FL-2021-000007-SYR

A six-year-old boy has died and more than 20,000 children have been displaced by heavy flooding in North West Syria. At least 41,200 people have been affected by a heavy storm which has caused extreme flooding on Monday in northern Idlib and western Aleppo. Most of the people affected have already faced years of being uprooted from their homes due to conflict. At least 62 camps and 2,558 tents have been damaged or destroyed by the storm, often sweeping away the only possessions people had after nearly a decade of displacement. Tens of thousands of people scattered to find shelter from the ongoing storm in schools and mosques. Others were forced to sleep in the open air last night, in temperatures below zero. (Save the Children, 19 Jan 2021)

Following the heavy rainfall that caused widespread floods in Idlib and Aleppo refugee camps (north-western Syria) over the past week. According to the Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) more than 24,354 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in 99 sites were affected by the recent flood as of 24 January. It has resulted in one death and three injuries with some 4,575 tents either destroyed or damaged. Consolidation of numbers and response through NGOs and clusters continues. Humanitarian organizations are providing help for those most affected with tents, mattresses, blankets, plastic sheets and ready meals. (ECHO, 26 Jan 2021)

Heavy rainfall and strong winds have resulted in flooding across north-western Syria since mid-January. According to the Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) cluster in Gaziantep, close to 142,000 Internally Displaced People (IDPs) were affected across 407 IDP sites. The number of fatalities stands at one and three individuals have been injured. About 25,600 tents have been damaged or destroyed and several roads, leading to camps and pathways within camps, have been severely affected. (ECHO, 5 Feb 2021)

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Tropical Cyclone Eloise - Jan 2021

Sun, 17 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000

Affected countries: Eswatini, Madagascar, Mozambique, South Africa, Zimbabwe
Glide: TC-2021-000008-MOZ

A low-pressure weather system that formed in the south-west Indian Ocean on 14 January has evolved into a moderate tropical storm, named Eloise, and is expected to make landfall in north-eastern Madagascar between 19 and 20 January, according to different weather services. The storm, which is currently about 700 km from the coast of Madagascar, continues to strengthen and could hit the country between Antalaha and Tamatave, potentially as a severe tropical storm, according to the Global Disaster Alert Coordination System. (OCHA, 18 Jan 2021)

In Madagascar, more than 1,000 people have been directly affected, at least one died, and more than 50 houses were destroyed, as Tropical Storm Eloise passed through Antalaha, Maroantsetra, Vavatenina and Toamasina districts. (OCHA, 20 Jan 2021)

Tropical Storm Eloise is in the Mozambique Channel, where it is forecast to intensify into a tropical cyclone on Friday, 22 January. The storm is expected to make landfall in Sofala Province, Mozambique, probably on Saturday, 23 January. Heavy rainfall, strong winds and thunderstorms are expected in several districts of Nampula, Sofala and Zambezia provinces in Mozambique from 22 January. Latest forecasts indicate that the storm may then pass through southern Zimbabwe. (OCHA, 21 Jan 2021)

Tropical Cyclone Eloise made landfall in central Mozambique on 23 January at around 2 a.m., near the coastal city of Beira, with winds of 140 km/h and gusts up to 160 km/h, according to Mozambique’s National Institute of Meteorology (INAM). Beira received 250 mm of rain in 24 hours, according to INAM, while other areas that were flooded ahead of Eloise’s landfall—including Buzi and Nhamatanda—also received additional heavy rains. After landfall, Eloise downgraded to a moderate tropical storm with a maximum wind speed of 83 km/hr. The weather system continues to move in a westerly direction, bringing high amounts of rainfall in its wake, according to the South Africa Weather Services (SAWS). (OCHA, 23 Jan 2021)

According to the National Institute for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction (INGD), more than 175,000 people have been affected by the cyclone in Mozambique, and over 8,000 houses have been destroyed, damaged, or flooded. Thus far, six people are confirmed dead since Eloise made landfall on Saturday. Three days later, a total of 32 accommodation centres have been activated in Sofala province to provide temporary shelter for over 15,000 men, women and children. According to an assessment by the IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) and Mozambique’s INGD, needs at these accommodation centres include food, tents, potable water, hygiene kits, COVID-19 prevention materials, mosquito nets, blankets, flashlights, tarps, health kits, and soap. (IOM, 26 Jan 2021)

The Tropical storm landed in South Africa on the 24 January 2021 after it was predicted by South African Weather Service.According to a Government report through its Command-and-Control Centre, some 3,200 people (640 HH) in Kwa Zulu Natal, Mpumalanga and Limpopo provinces have been affected by heavy rains and flooding following Tropical Storm Eloise. The tropical storms also extended to other provinces with no damages. The floods triggered by the heavy rain have reportedly killed four people so far. Across all the three provinces, homes were partially or completely destroyed, families. (IFRC, 3 Feb 2021).

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Indonesia: Earthquake - Jan 2021

Fri, 15 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Indonesia
Glide: EQ-2021-000003-IDN

A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck the West Sulawesi Province in Indonesia on 15 January. The Meteorological, Climatological and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) recorded 32 aftershocks with lower magnitudes in the province until 16 January morning. As of 16 January at 2 PM Jakarta time, the Indonesian Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB) has reported 46 people killed and 826 people injured by the earthquake in the districts of Mamuju and Majene. More than 15,000 people have been temporarily displaced in 15 evacuation sites within the two districts. These numbers are likely to increase as search and rescue operations and assessments continue. Heavy damages have been reported by both districts, including the Governor’s office, two hospitals, 25 schools, two hotels, a minimarket, a community health centre, Mamuju Seaport, a bridge, a TNI office and over 300 houses also sustained damages. The initially blocked access road between Majene and Mamuju is passable as of 16 January. Electricity, communications networks and fuel supply have started to become functional. Mamuju Aiport is operational. BNPB identified a number of urgent needs which include blankets, mats, tarpaulin, tents, medical services, medicines and vitamins, masks, PPE, drinking water and ready-to-eat meals, excavators and other heavy equipment, as well as communications equipment. (OCHA, 16 Jan 2021)

As of 18 January, 84 people were confirmed killed, 932 people injured, and about 40,000 people are directly affected and displaced in Mamuju and Majene Districts. Heavy damages have been reported by both districts, including the Governor’s office, three hospitals and health facilities, eight mosques, two hotels, a bridge, and over 1,150 houses sustained damages. Initial reports estimate 59 schools and 40 Islamic schools were also damaged. The Provincial Government has declared the emergency response status for 14 days until 28 January. (OCHA, 19 Jan 2021)

As of 24 January, a M6.2 earthquake that occurred in West Sulawesi on 15 January has displaced at least 94,500 people across Mamuju, Majene, and Polewali Mandar into 356 evacuation centres. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), a total of 92 people were reported dead, three missing, and approximately 3,300 people injured. (AHA Centre, 24 Jan 2021)

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Indonesia: Floods and Landslides - Jan 2021

Mon, 04 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Indonesia
Glide: FL-2021-000005-IDN

Indonesia’s Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency predicts the peak of La Nina to occur in December 2020 and January 2021. The peak of La Nina coincides with the peak of rainy season which usually occurs between January and February. The agency also states that this phenomenon could increase precipitation which triggers heavy rainfall across the country. During this period, Indonesia frequently suffers flood and landslides. As of January 14, 2021, several provinces in the country had reported floods and landslides since the beginning of the year[:]
- Flooding in Lhokseumawe and Langsa, Aceh province, 4 January 2021
- Flash Flooding in Malang District, East Java Province, 8 January 2021
- Flooding in Nunukan District, North Kalimantan, 8 January 2021
- Flooding in Bima, West Nusa Tenggara, 10 January 2021
- Landslides in Sumedang District, West Java Province, 11 January 2021
- Flooding in Solok, West Sumatra, 12 January 2021
- Flooding across South Kalimantan Province, up to 14 January 2021
- Floods in Bandung District, West Java Province, 13 January 2021(IFRC, 16 Jan 2021)

As of 17 January, seven cities / regencies in South Kalimantan were affected by the flood triggered by high intensity rain since 9 January. At least 210,140 people were affected by the flood with around 39,500 people displaced according to the report from Indonesia’s Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNPB). Most of the flood area are not only concentrated in the downstream of the Barito watershed, but also spreading across affected regencies. (AHA Centre, 18 Jan 2021)

The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) and the AHA Centre report, as of 21 January, 114 displaced people, more than 21,150 affected people and nearly 5,400 damaged buildings in Cirebon Regency (West Java Province). In addition, around 1,600 displaced, nearly 3,600 affected and 760 damaged buildings were reported across East Aceh, and Aceh Tamiang Regencies (Aceh Province). Moreover, more than 70 affected families and 12 damaged buildings were reported in Paniai Regency (Papua Province). (ECHO, 21 Jan 2021)

Since 18 January heavy rainfall has been reported across Java, northern Sumatra and northern Sulawesi Islands (Indonesia), triggering flooding which resulted in fatalities, affected about 4,350 residents and damaged at least 519 buildings. According to AHA Centre, two people died and two others were injured in Mandao City (North Sulawesi Province), as a result of flooding caused by heavy rainfall and river overflow, while minor landslides have been also reported. More than 2,235 individuals have been displaced in North Sulawesi, Aceh Province (north Sumatra) and East Java Province. (ECHO, 25 Jan 2021)

According to reports from the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), heavy rainfall in West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia resulted in localised flooding incidents. Flash floods have been reported in Sumbawa Regency. Meanwhile in West Lombok, the heavy rain increased discharge of the Telaga Lebur and Kelep Rivers. Lastly in Central Lombok, the heavy rainfall resulted in flooding. These events affected 1,700 families (6,000 people) and damaged 1,700 houses. According to latest reports, the rain has subsided, and the floods have started to recede. (AHA Centre, 31 Jan 2021)

Widespread floods caused by heavy rainfall have been affecting Kalimantan (Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo) and Java over the past few days, resulting in casualties and damage. According to the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA Centre), more than 1,100 people have been affected, 90 houses damaged as well as several infrastructures across the Provinces of West Java and East Java.The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reports 1,183 affected people and 483 damaged houses in Balangan Regency (South Kalimantan Province). (ECHO, 3 Feb 2021)

The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reports, as of 4 February, one fatality, one person missing, 65 displaced and 11,650 affected people and eight houses severely damaged across Pasuruan Regency (East Java Province). Around ten displaced people, 3,100 affected people and 620 damaged houses were also reported in Nganjuk Regency in the same Province. In addition, more than 10,650 affected people and nearly 3,250 damaged houses were reported across Kudus Regency (Central Java Province). (ECHO, 5 Feb 2021)

Rainy season floods have continued in a number of locations in Indonesia in the past week, including in Jakarta, Bogor, Pekalongan, Cilegon, Jember in Java, Singkawang and Bengkayang in West Kalimantan, as well as in Bima, Dompu, and East Lombok. Large floods and landslides in Semarang City in Central Java on 5-7 February resulted in four deaths and millions of people affected. On 6-7 February, heavy rain in Bekasi and Karawang in West Java caused flooding which resulted in at least 9,000 households displaced. While on 2-3 February, floods in Kudus in Central Java directly affected over 10,000 people. Local governments have responded to the emergencies. (OCHA, 9 Feb 2021)

Following widespread floods and landslides that have been affecting West Java Province since 4 February, the number of casualties has increased. According to the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA Centre), 63,700 people have been displaced, 156,800 affected and 39,100 houses damaged across eight Regencies. Additional floods have been reported in West Nusa Tenggara Province where 1,695 people have been displaced and 3,875 affected, and in Papua Province with 4,406 affected people. (ECHO, 11 Feb 2021)

Heavy rainfall has been affecting Central Java Province since 10 February, causing floods, triggering landslides and resulting in fatalities and damage. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), two people have died, one is missing, 90 people have been displaced and 108 families have been affected across five villages in Kebumen Regency (southern Central Java Province). In addition, 108 houses were flooded as well as one school. (ECHO, 12 Feb 2021)

A landslide triggered by heavy rainfall occurred in Ngetos Village (Nganjuk Regency, East Java Province) on 14 February, resulting in casualties and damage. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management, two people have died, 16 are still missing, 17 have been injured and eight houses severely damaged. At the same time, some parts of East Java Province have been hit by widespread floods, leading to 357 people displaced and 294 families affected. (ECHO, 15 Feb 2021)

After the landslide occurred in Ngetos Village (Ngetos District, Nganjuk Regency, East Java Province) on 14 February, the number of casualties has increased. The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reports, as of 16 February, nine fatalities, 16 injured, 156 displaced and 175 affected people. In addition, eight buildings were reported severely damaged. (ECHO, 16 Feb 2021)

Heavy rain has been affecting Java Island (in particular West Java, and Jakarta Provinces), since 19 February, causing rivers overflow and floods that have resulted in casualties and damage. The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reports, as of 22 February, more than 4,180 displaced, 28,329 affected people and 8,539 damaged houses across Karawang Regency (West Java Province) due to the overflow of the Citarum River. In addition, five destroyed houses were reported across Bekasi Regency in the same Province. In the Jakarta City area, the same source reports more than 1,220 displaced and around 1,100 affected people. Flooding was also reported in Bekasi Regency on 21 February. (ECHO, 22 Feb 2021)

Heavy rain continued to affect the Java Island (in particular West Java, and Jakarta Provinces) since 19 February, causing rivers overflow and floods that have resulted in more casualties and damage. The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reports, as of 23 February, five fatalities, two people missing, nearly 31,400 evacuated and more than 176,150 affected people across the Grater Jakarta area. In addition, almost 19,100 displaced and more than 52,500 affected people were reported across Karawang Regency (West Java Province), in particular due to the overflow of the Citarum River. (ECHO, 23 Feb 2021)

On 22-23 February, heavy rain caused flooding in West Nusa Tenggara Province (Lesser Sunda Islands) affecting at least 4,800 residents, as reported by AHA Centre. In addition, floodwaters have damaged about 1,100 houses across Dompu and Sumbawa Regencies. (ECHO, 24 Feb 2021)

Heavy rain and strong wind have been reported across several areas of Indonesia, causing landslides, flooding and tornado events, which resulted in at least eight fatalities. According to national authorities, a landslide occurred in Pamekasan Regency (East Java Province) on 24 February, killing five people, injuring a number of individuals and damaging around 20 houses. Another landslide event occurred on the same day in Parigi Moutong Regency (Central Sulawesi Province), leading to three fatalities and five individuals are still missing. AHA Centre reports that a tornado event in Demak Regency (Central Java Province) affected more than 650 people displaced 45 individuals, and damaged around 200 buildings. Flooding triggered by heavy rain in West Halmahera Regency (North Maluku Province) left 100 affected residents and damaged 20 public buildings. (ECHO, 25 Feb 2021)

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Malaysia: Floods - Jan 2021

Fri, 01 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Malaysia
Glide: FL-2021-000001-MYS

Significant heavy rains which began on 2 January 2021 have caused flooding in five states in Peninsular Malaysia – Johor, Pahang, Kelantan, Selangor and Perak on the morning of 4 January. National Disaster Management Administration (NADMA) had estimated that 6,241 families and 23,776 people are affected by the floods (as of 4 January 2021). A total of 303 evacuation centres had been opened. The Malaysian Meteorological Department (MetMalaysia) had issued a bad weather warning on 4 January 2021, cautioning about incessant heavy rain for several areas in Pahang and Johor. In its statement, rain has been forecasted for Pekan and Rompin in Pahang, as well as Mersing in Johor. Districts of Raub, Bentong, Temerloh, Maran, Kuantan and Bera in Pahang as well as Segamat and Kluang in Johor, are expected to experience similar weather until 4 January 2021. Heavy rain is also expected in some areas in Kelantan, Terengganu, Pahang (Cameron Highlands, Lipis and Jerantut) and Johor (Tangkak and Muar). The floods have affected 6 states in 22 districts and 23,776 people. (IFRC, 5 Jan 2021)

Heavy rainfall continues to affect most of Peninsular Malaysia (in particular Selangor, Perak, Kelantan, Johor, Pahang, Kedah, and Terengganu States) since 2 January, triggering floods that have resulted in casualties and damage. Media report, as of 7 January, at least 3 fatalities due to floods across the aforementioned States. (ECHO, 7 Jan 2021)

Heavy rainfall continues to cause widespread flooding in Peninsular Malaysia, leading to an increase in the number of fatalities and affected people. According to media, at least six people have died. Nearly 50,000 individuals have been evacuated, as reported by Malaysian Red Crescent Society. The worst affected state is Pahang, where about 27,000 residents have been evacuated in recent days. (ECHO, 11 Jan 2021)

Widespread floods triggered by heavy rainfall have affected most of Sabah State (Borneo's East Malaysia) on 11 January, resulting in casualties. According to the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on disaster management (AHA Centre), more than 1 700 people have displaced and relocated in eight evacuation centres. (ECHO, 13 Jan 2021)

Flooding triggered by heavy rainfall continues to affect Malaysia, leading to an increased humanitarian impact. As of 15 January, the number of fatalities stands at six people, according to media reports. The latest flooding occurred on 12 January in Sarawak State, resulting in more than 3,000 persons displaced to 39 evacuation centres, as reported by the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on disaster management (AHA Centre). (ECHO, 15 Jan 2021)

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Tropical Cyclone Yasa - Dec 2020

Thu, 17 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected countries: Fiji, Vanuatu
Glide: TC-2020-000238-FJI

The newly formed Tropical Cyclone YASA is moving in the South Pacific Ocean, between Vanuatu and Fiji Islands...On 14-16 December, YASA is forecast to strengthen, as it moves clockwise between Vanuatu and Fiji islands. Then it is expected to move south-east, reaching Viti Levu island (Fiji) on 18 December, with maximum sustained wind between 170-200 km/h. A strong wind warning has been issued for Rotuma island (northern Fiji), and for the central and southern coastal Vanuatu. A flash flood warning is in effect for northern Vanua Levu (Fiji). (ECHO, 14 Dec 2020)

Tropical cyclone YASA is strengthening as it continues clockwise in the South Pacific Ocean, between Vanuatu and Fiji Islands....YASA is forecast to move south-east, passing between Viti Levu and Vanua Levu Islands (Fiji) on 17 December, with maximum sustained wind up to 215 km/h. After that, it will cross the Eastern Division islands on 18 December. (ECHO, 15 Dec 2020)

Tropical cyclone YASA is forecast to move south-east, approaching Vanua Levu Island on the morning of 17 December, with maximum sustained wind up to 220-230 km/h. After that, it will move southward, crossing the Eastern Division Islands on 17-18 December and passing 415 km east of Tongatapu Island (Tonga) on 19 December. According to media reports, the authorities set-up 1,037 evacuation centres across Central, Northern and Western Divisions. (ECHO, 16 Dec 2020)

TC Yasa will make landfall on 17 Dec around 8pm Fiji time on Vanua Levu island (population 135,961) and pass over many other smaller islands in the Fiji island group as a Cat 5 storm. According to analysis by the Pacific Disaster Center (PDC), approximately 73,000 people are potentially exposed to widespread wind damage. Severe impact for outlying areas on Eastern coast of Vanua Levu in particular Bua Province, is expected. There is a 4pm curfew in place for the whole country and all public transport is stopped. (OCHA, 17 Dec 2020)

TC Yasa, with Cat 5 intensity, made landfall over Vanua Levu, Fiji, in the evening of 17 December. It caused heavy destruction to infrastructure, buildings and agricultural areas. The Government of Fiji speaks of hundreds of millions of dollars. It was the strongest storm in the basin since TC Winston in 2016 and the strongest in the cyclone season 2020 – 21. (OCHA, 18 Dec 2020)

Preliminary information indicates that some areas were severely impacted while others were almost untouched, showing a very uneven pattern of destruction. 04 persons have been confirmed dead by the authorities: three persons died from collapsing walls, one person drowned. One person is still missing. As of today, there were 7,731 persons in 183 evacuation centres, the vast majority (6,313 persons) in the Northern Division (in 133 Evacuation Centres). (OCHA, 20 Dec 2020)

As of 21 December, media report at least four fatalities, one person missing, more than 23,000 evacuated people across 183 evacuation centres and entire villages severely damaged. According to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), YASA is likely to have affected most of the population of Fiji (more than 880,000 people). (ECHO, 21 Dec 2020)

The government-led Initial Damage Assessment estimates the loss of Crops, Livestock and Infrastructure at FJD 109m (approx. USD 53m). Some areas are still not accessible, particularly remote islands. First humanitarian assistance deliveries to people in need are taking place. There are still 159 Evacuation Centres open (mostly in the Northern Division) accommodating 5,346 evacuees. (OCHA, 24 Dec 2020)

As of 28 December, there were 84 Evacuation Centres (ECs) open, accommodating 3,206 evacuees. The majority of these centres were in the Northern Division (80 centres with 3,021persons), the rest (04) in the Eastern Division (with 185 persons). All ECs in the Central and Western Division are closed. Assessments and initial distribution of relief assistance are continuing throughout affected areas. (OCHA, 29 Dec 2020)

Damage assessments continue throughout areas affected by Tropical Cyclone Yasa, which made landfall over Vanua Levu on 17th December 2020 and affected an estimated 93,000 people. Most evacuation sites have been closed after people were able to return home, with 36 evacuation centers remaining open to accommodate 928 people. Humanitarian response is ongoing with the distribution of food rations, non-food items, and hygiene supplies. (OCHA, 4 Jan 2021)

As of 5 January, 35 Evacuation Centres (all in the Northern Division) remain active, accommodating 803 persons. Delivery of food rations and NFIs to open ECs is continuing. No schools are used anymore as evacuation centres. However, there are community members who cannot return to their villages, they will be supported with tents and other facilities to stay within the school premises temporarily. All schools should be ready for the start of the school year on 18 January. (OCHA, 6 Jan 2021)

On 30 January, Tropical Cyclone Ana followed a similar path as Tropical Cyclone Yasa but made landfall westwards over the main island of Viti Levu. TC Ana entered Fiji waters as a Category 2 cyclone but brought a lot of rain causing widespread flooding across the Central, Western and Northern Divisions. Impacts of TC Ana have been felt across the whole country. Worst impacted are the communities in the provinces of Macuata and Cakaudrove that were still recovering from TC Yasa. As of 2 February, Fiji National Disaster Management Office (NDMO) reported 14,755 evacuees in 422 evacuation centres across the country. Extensive flooding caused damage to infrastructure with 131 roads and crossings temporarily closed. All major roads in Vanua Levu remained closed cutting off supply of food and relief items to affected areas. There have been two confirmed fatalities and three people reported missing. The main concerns are increased risk of leptospirosis, typhoid, dengue and diarrhoea due to poor water access and standing water. Hygiene is a concern due to the lack of access to clean water. Early recovery efforts for livelihoods, fixing shelters and access to food and water are all required, acknowledging future cyclones may occur before the cyclone season ends in May 2021. (IFRC, 8 Jan 2021)

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Sri Lanka: Floods - Dec 2020

Wed, 02 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Sri Lanka
Glide: FL-2020-000237-LKA

The Northeast monsoon and activation of a depression in the south-east Bay of Bengal have been intensifying rainfall in Sri Lanka from 2 to 5 December 2020 where the northern province of Sri Lanka is worst affected. Sri Lanka’s Department of Meteorology has reported a maximum rainfall up to 279.8 millimetres in the northern province particularly in Jaffna and Kilinochchi districts. During this period two deaths have been reported in Jaffna district and the Government of Sri Lanka has declared a local level emergency in the Northern Province, hence schools and other institutions in the province were closed. The continuous rains are still inundating most of the low-lying areas in the two districts and have caused damages to residential areas. As this situation is intensifying, agricultural lands and standing crops are also inundated and damaged as well as the infrastructures. As of 10th December, It is expected that this heavy rainfall is going to continue, which will have an impact and further exacerbate the capacity of vulnerable households in the affected areas. According to the Disaster Management Centre (DMC) situation report, as of 8 December 2020, 111,659 people (33,316 families) have been affected across 14 districts. According to the report, 106 houses are fully damaged, and 3,783 houses are partially damaged. A total of 15 evacuation centres are activated and 232 families are located in these centres. (IFRC, 13 Dec 2020)

Heavy rain, thunderstorms and strong winds over Sri Lanka have affected 50,190 people and 60 houses have been damaged or destroyed by weather-related events. (ECHO, 5 Jan 2021)

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Indonesia: Ili Lewotolok Volcano - Nov 2020

Fri, 27 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Indonesia
Glide: VO-2020-000236-IDN

On Sunday, 29 November 2020 at 13.00 hours, Central Indonesia Time (GMT+8), Indonesia’s Centre for Vulcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation (Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi – PVMBG) raised the alert level from Level 2 (advisory) to Level 3 (watch/alert) after increasing activity of Ili Lewotolok Volcano (also known as Ile Lewotolo). The volcano is located in the northern part of Lembata island, East Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Timur– NTT) Province. An alert Level 3 warrants a danger zone of up to 4 kilometres from the volcano since there is the potential for further eruptions.

From Friday, 27 November 2020 to Thursday, 3 December 2020, Ili Lewotolok Volcano recorded 27 eruptions. PVMBG observed the height of the ash column between 200 – 4,000 meters above the peak of the volcano and advised people in the vicinity of Ili Lewotolok Volcano to keep a safe distance because the volcano spews volcanic bombs in all directions. Moreover, heavy ash fall was reported in areas close to the volcano. PVMBG further warned the public of the dangers of exposure to volcanic materials, such as eye injuries, suffocation, and respiratory problems.

On 1 December 2020, Lembata Distict government declared a Disaster Emergency Alert (Tanggap Darurat Bencana) within its administrative area. At the time of writing, there were no immediate reports of casualties or major damage due to the eruptions. Nevertheless, at least 7,968 people from 17 villages in Ile Ape sub-district and nine villages in Ile Ape Timur Sub-district had been evacuated. The evacuees are dispersed across 13 evacuation centres in Lembata District. (IFRC, 9 Dec 2020)

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Tropical Cyclone Gati - Nov 2020

Sun, 22 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected countries: Somalia, Yemen
Glide: TC-2020-000232-SOM

Tropical Cyclone Gati made landfall on 22 November at around 22:00 hours local time in Puntland’s Bari region. The heavy rains and strong winds triggered flash floods along coastal and inland areas. The hardest hit were 13 villages in Iskushuban district, including Xaafuun, Dul Xaafuun, Dardaare, Garan, Baarmadowe, Hurdiya, Foocaar, Afdhicin, Haluula, Kurduush, Gumbax, Taageer and Xandha. Local authorities report that eight people have been killed and an unknown number injured. In total, an estimated 70,000 people have been affected. In Xaafuun and Hurdiya villages, about 15,000 people have been displaced to higher ground within their neighbourhoods. Massive damage to property and roads is reported. Telecommunication services have also been affected, especially in Xaafuun, Hurdiya and Baarmadowe. In addition, shipping and fishing activities along the coastal areas of Bari and the Gulf of Aden have been disrupted. An estimated 30 fishermen who were at sea before the cyclone alert was issued are yet to be accounted for. (OCHA, 23 Nov 2020)

The tropical storm GATI has weakened further and is moving westwards with a speed of 7KPH. It is expected to dissipate in the next 12 hours. The storm left behind a significant physical and economic damage especially in Bari region. More than 700 houses were destroyed, several boats and fishing gears damaged and loss of a large number of livestock. This has led to loss of livelihood for most families and may take time and huge financial input to replace the loss. There was a reduction of rainfall amounts and wind speeds in the last 24 hours in many areas along the storm path. This trend is expected to continue as the storm gets weaker and the situation will stabilize thereafter. (FAO, 24 Nov 2020)

Tropical Cyclone Gati has dissipated with dry and hot conditions expected in the affected areas in the coming days. An estimated 180,000 people in Bari region have been affected; of whom 38,000 were affected by heavy rains in Bossaso. At least nine people were killed and almost 4,000 properties belonging to nomadic communities in the affected areas destroyed. (OCHA, 30 Nov 2020)

On 22 November 2020, Tropical Cyclone (TC) GATI originating from the Bay of Bengal became the strongest ever storm to hit Somalia. GATI made landfall at Ras Hafun with maximum sustained winds of 170Km/hr; and classified as a Category 2 storm. The Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS) raised its impact score to “ORANGE” (1.5 out of 3) and forecast the expected level of humanitarian impact of the cyclone as “MEDIUM”: It brought more than a year’s worth of rain to the region in two days. By 25 November 2020, TC GATI had dissipated but it left trail of destruction across Bari and Sanaag regions of Somalia. Coastal communities have been disproportionately affected, with considerable damage reported to infrastructure, livelihoods, and social services (communication, electricity, roads, schools). Rainfall has also resulted in flooding which has caused sewerage to overflow; and increasing the risk of disease among the affected population. According to authorities, an estimated 180,000 people (30,000 households) have been affected, with 42,000 people (7,000 households) displaced across Puntland and Somaliland (UNOCHA). At least eight people have been killed. The worst hit areas are believed to include Baargaal, Foocaar, Garduush, Hurdiya, and Xafun in the Indian Ocean and Bosaso. (IFRC, 3 Dec 2020)

Humanitarian partners have scaled up the delivery of assistance to people who were recently affected by Cyclone Gati in Puntland. As of 8 December, over 78,000 out of 101,000 people affected by the cyclone have received targeted humanitarian assistance from authorities and partners. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2020)

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Hurricane Iota - Nov 2020

Sun, 15 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected countries: Belize, Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua
Glide: TC-2020-000227-NIC

Millions suffering from Eta’s consequences are now on the brink of facing a second major storm in as many weeks, with Hurricane Iota bearing down on Central America’s Caribbean coasts on a path virtually identical to that of Eta and setting up a potentially catastrophic scenario upon its projected landfall as a Category 5 storm. Iota, the 2020 Atlantic hurricane season’s 30th named storm, is currently a Category 4 hurricane featuring maximum sustained winds of 245 km/h and is forecast to bring rainfall of up to 400mm in Honduras, northern Nicaragua, Guatemala and southern Belize. These conditions will bring significant, life-threatening flash flooding and river flooding, along with landslides in higher elevation areas, risks that are compounded by high soil saturations from Eta. (OCHA, 17 Nov 2020)

Hurricane Iota made landfall over northern Nicaragua early on 17 November as a Category 4 storm, reaching sufficient intensity to qualify as the strongest Atlantic hurricane in 2020, the busiest season ever recorded and the only season ever to see two major hurricanes in November. Although Iota has since degraded to remnants of a tropical depression, persistent rains over areas reeling from Eta's impact have caused added flooding and landslides, increasing official counts of people affected and people in shelters in various countries and growing government-led response efforts to account for the newly affected. (OCHA, 18 Nov 2020)

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Colombia: Floods and Landslides - Nov 2020

Sat, 14 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Colombia
Glide: FL-2020-000242-COL

Landslides and flooding triggered by heavy rainfall continue to affect Antioquia Department (north-western Colombia), resulting in at least 18 fatalities and 3 missing people. Search and rescue operations are ongoing to recover the 3 missing people, after a landslide event occurred on 14 November in Dabeida, killing 5 individuals and leaving hundreds of families affected. The Colombian Meteorological Institute (IDEAM) has issued orange alerts for landslides over most of the central and western areas of Colombia and on 27-28 November, rainfall is forecast over most of central, and southern Colombia. (ECHO, 16 Nov 2020)

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Typhoon Vamco - Nov 2020

Tue, 10 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected countries: Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Philippines, Viet Nam
Glide: TC-2020-000225-PHL

Typhoon Vamco/Ulysses lashed the main island of Luzon in the Philippines on 11-12 November, whipping destructive winds and dumping torrential rainfall over a wide area, triggering extensive flooding in several areas, including Metro Manila, and which has led to further displacement and increased the hardship of vulnerable people. Heavy rains affected the Bicol provinces where flooding incidents were reported in 37 municipalities. Catanduanes, which was the worst-hit province by Typhoon Goni, experienced flash floods and landslides. The provincial governor lamented that response efforts are back to zero as house repairs and temporary shelters were again destroyed. (OCHA, 12 Nov 2020)

Typhoon Vamco is the Philippines' 21st tropical cyclone for 2020. Still suffering from Super Typhoon Goni, Bicol was the first to face Typhoon Vamco's winds and rain, as the typhoon triggered floods in parts of the region. The island province of Catanduanes and provinces of Albay, Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur, that bore the brunt of Typhoon Goni in late October. However, the main impact of the typhoon was to Metro Manila and its adjacent provinces. The densely populated capital region of Metro Manila, though not directly hit by the center of the typhoon, is also affected with floods, fallen trees and power cables down leading to power outages across different cities. Nearby dams are closed to spilling, which could aggravate flooding. Airline flights and mass transit in the capital were suspended while the coast guard stopped port operations. Government work was suspended, and financial markets were shut. Hundreds of residents were forced to flee their homes on Thursday as water in Marikina River surpassed the peak level during the onslaught of Typhoon Vamco. (IFRC, 14 Nov 2020)

In the Philippines, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) reports a total of 1,730,458 people affected as of 15 November 2020. A total of 324,363 individuals are displaced in 2,980 evacuation centres. The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) confirms 67 deaths, 21 injured and 15 missing persons. More provinces have been increasingly affected. The flood in the provinces of Pampanga, Bulacan, and Nueva Ecija in Central Luzon continues to rise as its major river systems have risen above critical levels as of morning of 15 November. Thousands of families in the provinces of Cagayan and Isabela remain stranded on top of their houses waiting for rescue. Clearing operations and relief assistance continue to be difficult in Marikina City, Rizal, Laguna, Aurora and Quezon provinces, where Vamco has displaced population since 13 November. The local government units of these areas have asked for immediate life-saving and relief assistance. (ECHO, 15 Nov 2020)

In Viet Nam, VAMCO (Storm No. 13) made landfall on 15 November as a Category 1 storm over Ha Thinh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri and Thua Thien Hue Provinces with wind speeds of up to 100 kph. According to the National Hydrometeorological Forecast Center (NHFC) as of 15 November it is moving inland in a north-west direction toward the Laos border, and is forecast to reduce intensity to tropical depression. Those provinces affected by TC VAMCO are the same areas already bearing the impact of multiple storms and floods that have struck Viet Nam since the beginning of October. This latest storm will exacerbate the situation further and increase the vulnerabilities and needs of affected communities. (UNCT Viet Nam, 15 Nov 2020) According to the Authorities of Vietnam, five people have been injured (two in Quang Tri Province and three in Quang Nam Province) more than 325,000 people have been evacuated and 55 communes remained without electricity in Quang Binh Province. (ECHO, 16 Nov 2020)

Following the passage of VAMCO over central Luzon (northern Philippines) on 11 November, the number of deaths stands at 67 and more than 2,700,000 people have been affected. 569,047 individuals are displaced, 304,065 (DSWD) are in evacuation centres and 265,001 (DSWD) are staying at relatives. (ECHO, 16 Nov 2020)

As of 23 November, more than 200,000 people remain displaced, of which at least 139,000 people are being served inside 670 evacuation centers while approximately 83,000 people are being served outside evacuation centers. (Govt., of the Philippines, 23 Nov 2020)

As of 26 November, at least 4,288,000 people in 6,717 barangays in Regions I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V, NCR, and CAR have been affected. Of which, more than 100,000 people are being served inside 467 evacuation centers while approximately 83,000 persons are being served outside evacuation centers. (Govt., of the Philippines, 26 Nov 2020)

At least 905,000 people are in need of assistance across Cagayan Valley, Central Luzon, and Bicol Region after typhoons Goni and Vamco affected the Philippines in mid-November. According to the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), more than 367,000 houses have been damaged or destroyed and about 33,300 people remain displaced and are hosted with families or in evacuation centres, as of 25 November. In support of the government-led response, the UN and humanitarian partners released a revised response plan, seeking US$52.6 million to assist 278,000 of the most-affected people in the provinces of Albay, Catanduanes and Cagayan with food, access to clean water, sanitation-hygiene facilities, emergency shelter, livelihood, health and early recovery. (OCHA, 30 Nov 2020)

More than 55,000 children and their families were affected by typhoons Goni and Vamco in the Bicol and Cagayan Valley Regions and at least 46,800 people remain displaced in Bicol Region. Over 12,000 persons with disability are living in hard-toreach areas in Camarines Sur, Cagayan and Catanduanes Provinces. Economic setbacks brought by the successive typhoons resulted in further food insecurity and lack of livelihood opportunities, increasing protection risks and vulnerability to negative coping mechanisms. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2020)

As of 17 December, at least 5,140,000 people are affected in more than 7,000 barangays in Regions NCR, I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V and CAR (see Table 1). There are approximately 26,000 people currently taking temporary shelter in 185 evacuation centers in Regions NCR, II, III, CALABARZON, and V and 115 people staying with their relatives and/or friends in Regions II, CALABARZON, V and CAR. (Govt., of the Philippines, 17 Dec 2020)

At least 30,000 people remain displaced from Typhoons Goni and Vamco and are staying in 181 evacuation centres across Regions NCR, II, III, CALABARZON, and V. Four evacuation centres remain open in Albay. (OCHA, 22 Dec 2020)

As of 05 December, at least 5,201,000 people were affected in 7,311 barangays in Regions NCR, I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V and CAR. There are more than 23,700 people currently taking temporary shelter in 169 evacuation centers in Regions NCR, II, III, CALABARZON, and V. There are approximately 100 people temporarily staying with their relatives and/or friends in Regions II, CALABARZON, V, and CAR. (Govt., of the Philippines, 5 Jan 2021)

As of 12 January, more than 5,191,000 people were affected in 7,287 barangays in Regions NCR, I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V and CAR. There are at least 20,800 people currently taking temporary shelter in 145 evacuation centers in Regions NCR, II, CALABARZON, and V, and approximately 100 persons temporarily staying with their relatives and/or friends in Regions II, V and CAR. (Govt., of the Philippines, 12 Jan 2021)

Recovery efforts led by the Government of the Philippines are underway to support families affected by typhoons Rolly (Goni) and Ulysses (Vamco) in the regions of Bicol and Cagayan Valley. The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council reports that agricultural losses and damage from the typhoons amount to US$194 million (PHP 9.3 billion). (WFP, 11 Feb 2021)

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Hurricane Eta - Nov 2020

Mon, 02 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected countries: Belize, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama
Glide: TC-2020-000220-HND

Hurricane Eta began affecting north-eastern Nicaragua and parts of northern Honduras in the early hours of 3 November, causing heavy rains and high winds as a Category 4 hurricane. Preliminary reports indicate flooding and wind damage as Eta continues its projected westward path over northern Nicaragua. The United States’ National Hurricane Center (NHC) projects that Eta will cross into central Honduras by midday on 4 November and then reach eastern Guatemala and Belize on 5 November at night, passing over northern El Salvador during this time, before turning north-east back out into the Caribbean Sea by 7 November. (OCHA, 3 Nov 2020)

Eta has downgraded to a tropical storm as it moves into eastern and central Honduras at 11 km/h with windspeeds of 65 km/h. Despite Eta’s decreased intensity and lower windspeeds, Nicaragua continues to take on moderate, but persistent, rainfall throughout much of the country, with meteorological forecasts citing more than 600mm through 8 November. Eta’s slow movement and ongoing impact, coupled with the remote locations of areas along Nicaragua’s north-eastern Caribbean shores that have taken the brunt of Eta’s effects, are limiting full and complete evaluations. Eta is expected to continue weakening as it interacts with mountainous terrain in Nicaragua and Honduras, potentially weakening to a tropical depression by 4 November at night.

Nicaragua’s National Disaster Prevention System (SINAPRED) reports that Eta, now on its way out of Nicaragua, has thus far caused two deaths due to a landslide in the mining area of Bonanza. Preliminary reports cite material damages, uprooted trees, interruptions to power supply, flooding and blocked roads and affected bridges. Official sources report that there are 30,000 people sheltered across 48 installations, including churches, schools, shelters and family homes.

After almost a month since the landfall of Eta, Nicaragua estimates over 3 million people affected, as well as significant infrastructure damages in 56 municipalities, including approximately 43,000 damaged / destroyed homes. The Government response continues to focus on restoring basic service access for water, power and telecommunications. According to Government communications. (UNICEF, 1 Dec 2020)

Eta’s rains are also causing flooding, damages and humanitarian impacts in Honduras, with the Permanent Commission for Contingencies (COPECO) reporting more than 3,480 people affected and 1 death as of 12:00am local time 4 November. Honduran Armed Forces report supporting the evacuation of more than 2,500 people, indicating that 1,340 are in shelters. Material damages include nearly 350 affected homes, as well as several road blockages that have cut off 41 communities.

With Eta crossing into Honduras, outer band rains began falling over Guatemala in the past 24 hours, triggering flooding in several areas. Per the National Coordinator for Disaster Reduction (CONRED), the rains and subsequent flooding and landslides have thus far affected 27,770 people across the departments of Alta Verapaz, Petén, Quiché and Sololá.

In El Salvador, the Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources (MARN) reports that Eta is causing high winds of up to 30 km/h in parts of the capital of San Salvador that have already led to fallen trees and debris.

The National Emergency Management Organization (NEMO) anticipates that Eta’s major threat is heavy rainfall and flooding, with some locations across the country already taking on 50mm of rain. NEMO ехресts rainfall to last until 9-11 November, posing a high flood risk across Веlіzе.

In Costa Rica, the National Emergency Commission (CNE) reports that hazardous rains related to Eta have affected 79 communities, mostly in the north-western Pacific coast. CNE, who have deployed response teams to affected areas, adds that there are 500 people in 16 shelters, a number they expect to rise as persistent rainfall continues to affect the country.

The National Civil Protection System (SINAPROC) reports that rains related to Eta have damaged some 213 homes in western and central Panama communities. Additionally, landslides in the north-western Ngäbe Buglé indigenous territory have affected about 1,000 people. (OCHA, 4 Nov 2020)

Heavy rain due to the influence of Hurricane ETA affected the southern States of Mexico (particularly Chiapas, Tabasco and Veracruz) over the past few days, causing floods, triggering landslides and leading to casualties and damage. (ECHO, 9 Nov 2020)

Three weeks after Hurricane Eta stuck Central America, authorities continue assessing the damages and gathering information on the affected communities. As of 25 November, the National Emergency Management Organization (NEMO) reported that there were 109 families, including 258 children still in shelters. A total of 354 families, including 769 children remain severely impacted from the floods and in need of urgent assistance, particularly in the Cayo District. (UNICEF, 1 Dec 2020)

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Typhoon Goni - Oct 2020

Wed, 28 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected countries: Philippines, Viet Nam
Glide: TC-2020-000214-PHL

Typhoon GONI has made landfall in the Philippines with maximum sustained winds of 225km/h on 1 November at 04:50 local time (19:50 UTC, 31 October). According to the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) after making landfall over the municipality of Tiwi.

The Bicol Region bore the brunt of the typhoon’s violent winds and torrential rains, blowing away roofs, toppling structures and causing severe flooding and landslides...In a government press briefing today, the [Catanduanes] province’s governor reported via satellite phone that at least 10,000 houses were either destroyed or damaged while 11 towns remain inaccessible. Government and humanitarian teams are currently on the ground assessing the destruction. The Department of Agriculture reports that 16,900 hectares of land are damaged, affecting 18,000 farmers. Initial estimates place production losses at 66,600 metric tons of rice, corn and high-value crops, amounting to US$24 million in value. (OCHA, 2 Nov 2020)

According to the national authorities of the Philippines, 17 people died and 2 have been injured in Bicol and Calabarzon Regions. Approximately 1.6 million people have been affected and more than 333,800 residents were displaced to evacuation centers. Damage has been reported to 50 road sections and 5 bridges. A state of calamity was declared for Cavite Province (Calabarzon), while the aforementioned regions are still recovering from the effects of the recent typhoon, Molave. (ECHO, 3 Nov 2020)

In the Philippines, the number of fatalities caused by the passage of GONI has increased to 20 and 74 people have been injured, 3 are missing across Calabarzon, Mimaropa and Bicol Regions. There are 24,750 damaged houses and 382,708 persons are currently displaced to evacuation centers. In total, approximately 2.08 million people have been affected. (ECHO, 4 Nov 2020)

On 9 November, the Humanitarian Country Team in the Philippines has launched a Humanitarian Needs and Priorities Plan to respond to the needs of 260,000 of the most vulnerable people in provinces affected by Super Typhoon Goni (local name Rolly). The Plan calls for US$45.5 million to deliver and implement humanitarian activities to typhoon-affected people living with poverty prior to the disaster and now requiring urgent humanitarian assistance in 16 prioritized municipalities in Catanduanes and Albay provinces. (OCHA, 9 Nov 2020)

Latest information on the impact of Typhoon Rolly points to 41,200 houses destroyed while 141,100 sustained minor to significant damages. In addition, 67 health facilities and thousands of schools have structural damages. Government estimates that damages to infrastructure amount to over $260 million. The Department of Agriculture reported that the successive typhoons resulted in $156 million losses in rice, corn, high valuecrops, fisheries, livestock, and in equipment and facilities. In Catanduanes, the governor stated that the province stands to lose $3 million in monthly income from its main commodity, abaca fibers, due to damages in farms. Other industries such as capture fishing and rice and coconut farming were also severely affected, thus peoplelost both their main and alternative sources of livelihood. (OCHA, 12 Nov 2020)

Some 82,900 people remain displaced in the provinces affected by Typhoon Goni, of which 38,600 are in 481 evacuation centers while 44,300 are being served outside of formal shelters. At least 25 people have died and more than 390 have been injured while six people remain missing in the aftermath of the super typhoon, according to the Government. (OCHA, 17 Nov 2020)

As of 24 November, more than 2,530,000 people are affected in 5,732 barangays in Regions NCR, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V, VIII, and CAR (see Table 1). Of which approximately 11,000 people is currently taking temporary shelter in 181 evacuation centers in Regions NCR, III and V and at least 21,000 people are staying with their relatives and/or friends in Regions V and CAR. (Govt. of the Philippines, 25 Nov 2020)

At least 905,000 people are in need of assistance across Cagayan Valley, Central Luzon, and Bicol Region after typhoons Goni and Vamco affected the Philippines in mid-November. According to the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), more than 367,000 houses have been damaged or destroyed and about 33,300 people remain displaced and are hosted with families or in evacuation centres, as of 25 November. In support of the government-led response, the UN and humanitarian partners released a revised response plan, seeking US$52.6 million to assist 278,000 of the most-affected people in the provinces of Albay, Catanduanes and Cagayan with food, access to clean water, sanitation-hygiene facilities, emergency shelter, livelihood, health and early recovery. (OCHA, 30 Nov 2020)

More than 55,000 children and their families were affected by typhoons Goni and Vamco in the Bicol and Cagayan Valley Regions and at least 46,800 people remain displaced in Bicol Region. Over 12,000 persons with disability are living in hard-toreach areas in Camarines Sur, Cagayan and Catanduanes Provinces. Economic setbacks brought by the successive typhoons resulted in further food insecurity and lack of livelihood opportunities, increasing protection risks and vulnerability to negative coping mechanisms. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2020)

As of 18 December, at least 3,355,000 people are affected in 5,996 barangays in Regions NCR, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V, VIII, and CAR. More than 3,800 people are currently taking temporary shelter in 56 evacuation centers in Regions NCR, III and V, and approximately 4,200 persons are staying with their relatives and/or friends in Regions V and CAR. (Govt. of the Philippines, 18 Dec 2020)

At least 30,000 people remain displaced from Typhoons Goni and Vamco and are staying in 181 evacuation centres across Regions NCR, II, III, CALABARZON, and V. Four evacuation centres remain open in Albay. (OCHA, 22 Dec 2020)

Recovery efforts led by the Government of the Philippines are underway to support families affected by typhoons Rolly (Goni) and Ulysses (Vamco) in the regions of Bicol and Cagayan Valley. The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council reports that agricultural losses and damage from the typhoons amount to US$194 million (PHP 9.3 billion). (WFP, 11 Feb 2021)

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Typhoon Molave - Oct 2020

Sat, 24 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected countries: Cambodia, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Philippines, Thailand, Viet Nam
Glide: FL-2020-000211-VNM

Tropical Cyclone MOLAVE (QUINTA in the Philippines) made landfall over southern Luzon close to Lagazpi City on 25 October as a typhoon. On 26 October, its centre was 43 km west of Mindoro with maximum sustained wind of 139 km/h. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council, more than 9,000 people have been evacuated across the Bicol and CAR regions. One person is reported missing in Batangas Province (Calabarzon region). Floods, landslides, power outages and evacuations have affected different parts of the country. More than 100,000 people were evacuated yesterday from Albay (Bicol region). People were also evacuated from Mimaropa and Calabarzon regions. Local government actors are providing relief assistance. Typhoon MOLAVE is forecast to strengthen as it moves west-northwest and to make landfall over central Vietnam early on 28 October. Heavy rain, strong winds and storm surge are forecast over most parts the of Calabarzon, Mindoro, Bicol and Central Luzon. Extreme flood warnings have been issued across Eastern Visayas and Bicol. (ECHO, 26 Oct 2020)

Typhoon MOLAVE is moving towards central Vietnam, its centre was 450 km east Qui Nhon City (Dinh Province, central Vietnam) on 27 October at 6.00 UTC with maximum sustained winds of 204 km/h. In the Philippines, National authorities report 1 fatality and 1 missing person in Negros Oriental Province (Central Visayas) following the passage of MOLAVE over the central Philippines. Over 30,100 evacuees are sheltering in 405 centres. At least 109,000 people have been affected in the Central Luzon, Calabarzon and Mimaropa regions. Typhoon MOLAVE is forecast to make landfall over southern Quang Ngai Province (central Vietnam) on 27 October, close to Tropical Storms SAUDEL and LINFA's trajectories and authorities are evacuating up to 1,300,000 people. (ECHO, 27 Oct 2020)

After Typhoon MOLAVE's passage over the central Philippines, nine people have died, six are injured and two are still missing. More than 56,300 people were evacuated and 209,457 affected. (ECHO, 28 Oct 2020)

Typhoon MOLAVE made landfall in the morning of 28 October as Category 1. The Viet Nam Disaster Management Authority (VNDMA) reports 374,600 people evacuated, and forecasts 150-400 mm rainfall between 28-29 October in Hue-Phu Yen and North Central Highlands, 500-700 mm between 28-31 October in South Nghe Anh and Ha Thin, and 200-400mm in Quang Binh and Quang Tri. The army has mobilized troops and vehicles for search and rescue missions. (UNCT Viet Nam, 28 Oct 2020)

Storm Molave, which today battered Viet Nam’s central coastal region, is one of the strongest storms to hit the country in 20 years, according to the country’s meteorological agency. Molave struck areas and populations already suffering from cascading flood events and adding new areas to the list of communities facing emergencies. The storm is causing extreme rainfall in the region which is predicted to continue over the coming days, worsening the already precarious situation faced by many families. A rapid assessment of existing flooded regions, conducted at the end of last week, identified 1.5 million children at risk and this latest storm escalates the numbers at risk to well over 2.5 million children. (UNICEF, 29 Oct 2020)

MOLAVE made landfall on the morning of 28 October between Quang Ngai and Quang Nam provinces (central Vietnam) as a typhoon before dissipating on 29 October. According to media reports, landslides triggered by heavy rain in Quang Nam Province resulted in 15 fatalities, with 40 missing. More than 374,000 people have been evacuated. Millions were left without electricity and 56,000 houses damaged. 26 fishermen are missing after the boats sank. In Cambodia, 121 cities and districts in 20 out of 25 provinces have been affected. At least 44 are dead and 175,872 families affected. In the Philippines, the death toll has risen to 16, with 4 missing. 77,000 people have been evacuated and more than 242,000 affected in Central Luzon, Calabarzon, Mimaropa, Bicol, Western Visayas, Central Visayas. Heavy rain will persist over central Vietnam, southern Laos, northern Cambodia and eastern Thailand, with flash flood and landslide warnings for central Vietnam. (ECHO, 29 Oct 2020)

As of 7 December, at least 1,012,000 people in the Philippines are affected by Typhoon Molave in 3,078 barangays in Regions III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V, VI, VII and VIII. Of which approximately 1,400 people is currently taking temporary shelter in 19 evacuation centers in Regions III and VI and more than 4,700 people is currently staying with their relatives and/or friends in Regions III and V. (Govt. of the Philippines, 7 Dec 2020)

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Somalia: Flash Floods - Oct 2020

Sat, 24 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Somalia
Glide: FF-2020-000221-SOM

The early rains received in northern parts of Somalia since the first week of September continued to spread across the region over the last one week, marking an early start of the Deyr 2020 rainy season. Normally, the Sept/Oct—Dec rainy season is expected to start in late September in the northern parts and mid October in the southern areas of the country. The Ethiopian highlands, which contribute to the Juba and Shabelle river flow, continued to receive moderate rains over the last one week. (FAO, 24 Sep 2020)

The 2020 Deyr rainy season has started with moderate to significantly heavy rains reported in Puntland and central regions of Hiraan, Bakool, Galgaduud, Mudug, Nugaal and southern areas of Sool region. The communities living in the riverine areas along Juba and Shabelle rivers are at high risk of flooding. As heavy rains are expected to continue in November and December, scaling up of livelihoods, improving and supporting health services and WASH facilities is vital in order to prevent further deterioration in food security and escalation of the public health crisis. (OCHA, 14 Oct 2020)

Flash floods triggered by Deyr seasonal rains (October-December) have affected nearly 20,000 people especially in Banadir region especially the capital of Mogadishu, Galmudug, South West and Jubaland states in the last two weeks. The floods have inundated swathes of farmland, damaged property and disrupted livelihoods at a time that Somalia is grappling with the COVID-19 pandemic and desert locusts in the northern region. (OCHA, 4 Nov 2020)

Hagaa season (June-September) riverine and flash floods have affected over 555,000 people in Hirshabelle, South West, Jubaland states as well as Sanaag and Banadir regions; of whom about 363,000 have been displaced from their homes. Over 85 per cent of the displacement occurred in the two most affected regions in the Shabelle river basin - Lower Shabelle (South West State) and Middle Shabelle (Hirshabelle State). The floods have inundated thousands of hectares of farmland and damaged property, irrigation infrastructure, water points and roads. Livelihoods have been disrupted and cases of acute watery diarrheoa have increased. The floods hit Somalia at the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic. Restrictions to mitigate the impact of the pandemic have exacerbated humanitarian needs.Despite operational challenges, humanitarian partners scaled up first line response to flood affected populations, namely food assistance, health services, WASH services and emergency shelter and non-food items. (OCHA, 22 Nov 2020)

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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Dengue Outbreak - Oct 2020

Tue, 20 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Glide: EP-2020-000217-VCT

In its latest official bulletin dated 20 October, the Ministry of Health, Wellness and the Environment has confirmed an increase in reported cases of dengue infection in the country with 1,155 laboratory confirmed cases of dengue fever recorded and six fatalities. The Hospital Services Programme and the Community Health Services Programme of the Ministry of Health, Wellness and the Environment continue to report increased patients presenting with symptoms consistent with Dengue fever. The last experience in the Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (SVG) islands was in 2012 when 200 cases were reported. This increase in the number of cases is a clear indicator of a larger imminent outbreak on the island. As such, it is necessary to reduce the number of cases shortly. The direct and indirect costs of dengue illness and vector control programs represent a substantial economic burden on both the health sector and the overall economy of SVG. (IFRC, 2 Nov 2020)

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Syria: Wild Fires - Oct 2020

Thu, 08 Oct 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Syrian Arab Republic
Glide: FR-2020-000208-SYR

[L]arge scale fires across the coastal regions in Syria have caused at least three deaths and dozens of injuries, with areas in Al Fakhoura, Al Qirdaha, Jableh and Lattakia districts in Lattakia Governorate and Safita district in Tartous Governorate particularly affected. While assessments are ongoing, local authorities report that up to 28,000 households have been directly impacted, including through casualties or medical conditions, with as many as 80 hospitalized due to smoke inhalation. In addition, significant loss of homes, personal possessions and/or livelihoods assets have been reported in some areas. As many as 25,000 people were reported to have displaced. Further, a significant number of households have been impacted due to disruptions in key public services, such as health, water and power supply. To date, an estimated 5,000 hectares of agricultural land, including orchards, olive trees, and greenhouses, and 4,000 hectares of forested land have been destroyed. (OCHA, 11 Oct 2020)

Between 8 and 12 October 2020, the eastern basin of the Mediterranean Sea has witnessed massdestructive wildfires which is becoming a recurring annual event due to climate change...One of the hardest hit countries is war-torn Syria, where wildfires has killed 3 people and left around 80 injured with breathing complications and skin burns. Most of the rugged mountainous areas were obliterated in western countryside of Homs province, the eastern countryside of Tartus, and the northern countryside of Latakia. These fires caused material and environmental damage, burning homes of residents, agricultural crops, large parts of vegetation, forests, and nature reserves. Through the initial assessment of the Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC) conducted from October 8 to date by local branches in Latakia, Tartus and Homs, the fires had significant damage reported in 179 villages and forestry points, affecting more than 40,000 families through injuries, temporary displacement, loss of houses and assets, and majorly loss of livelihoods (lands, corps, and livestock). (IFRC, 23 Oct 2020)

Seasonal wildfires...have been among the factors limiting food production. More than 35,000 hectares of agricultural land are estimated to have burned this year. That will have a long-term impact on food production and on the livelihoods of at least 40,000 families. (OCHA, 27 Oct 2020)

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