ReliefWeb - Disasters

ReliefWeb - Disasters

ReliefWeb - Disasters

Mozambique: Tropical Cyclone Idai - Mar 2019

Wed, 06 Mar 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: TC-2019-000021-MOZ
Disaster type: Flood, Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique

The central and northern region of Mozambique is being affected by heavy rains since 6 March 2019 with some districts recording 140-180 mm in 24h. The most affected provinces are Zambézia and Tete in the central region...At least 7 deaths reported, and 32,222 people were affected by the floods [and a]t least 4,242 people are displaced in Zambezia and Tete, sheltered in eight transit centers. (UN RC for Mozambique, 9 Mar 2019)

The National Institute of Meteorology (INAM) issued on 10 March 2019 an alert regarding the system formed in the Mozambique channel which evolved from Tropical Depression to Moderate Tropical Storm called IDAI... At least 10 deaths reported, and 62,975 people were affected by the floods [and a]t least 10,512 people are displaced in Zambezia, Tete and Niassa sheltered in 15 transit centers. At least 83,318 ha of crop area are flooded affecting 54,853 smallholder farmers...The Government authorities are leading the response and together with the partners providing humanitarian assistance to the affected population. (UN RC for Mozambique, 10 Mar 2019)

On 11 March 2019, the Government convened the Coordinating Council of Disaster Management (CCGC[..]) chaired by the Prime-Minister to analyze the impact of the recent floods and the cyclone foreseen to make the landfall on 15 March 2019...Given the current and expected situation after the floods and cyclone, the National Institute of Disaster Management estimated a total funding requirement of about US$ 18 million for food and non-food items that might be needed for the potential affected people. This funding estimate does not include the funds needed for emergency road work (estimated at US$ 13.9 million) to reset the road network which is 31% damaged in Zambézia and 50% damaged in Cabo Delgado. (UN RC for Mozambique, 12 Mar 2019)

Tropical Cyclone Idai is forecast to bring strong winds, heavy rains and storm surge to Zambezia, Sofala, Manica and Inhambane Provinces in Mozambique from 14 to 17 March. Heavy rain and strong winds could also affect Niassa and Cabo Delgado provinces in the north of Mozambique, as well as eastern Zimbabwe and southern Malawi. Several experts predict that Cyclone Idai could be the strongest cyclone to make landfall in Mozambique since Tropical Cyclone Eline, which struck Mozambique in February 2000. Flooding caused by the Tropical Cyclone Idai weather system since early March had affected more than 1 million people and caused at least 122 deaths as of 13 March. In Malawi, more than 922,900 people had been impacted, according to the Government, with 56 deaths and 577 injuries recorded. More than 82,700 people are estimated to be displaced, while rapid needs assessments continue in the hardest-hit areas to verify initial estimates and determine the number of people in need of immediate humanitarian assistance. Satellite imagery shows Chikawa district as particularly affected. In Mozambique, 141,000 people have been affected with 66 deaths recorded and 111 people injured, according to media reports quoting government officials. More than 17,100 people are estimated to be displaced in Zambezia and Tete, with 10 transit centres established in Zambezia and two in Tete. More than 168,000 hectares of crops have been impacted, according to media reports. The Mozambican authorities have issued a red alert regarding Tropical Cyclone Idai and humanitarian response is ongoing in Malawi and Mozambique. (OCHA, 14 Mar 2019)

Date: 06 Mar 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Afghanistan: Afghanistan: Flash Floods - Mar 2019

Fri, 01 Mar 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FF-2019-000018-AFG
Disaster type: Flash Flood
Affected countries: Afghanistan

On 1 March, heavy rains struck Kandahar city, Zheri, Dand, Damand, Arghandab, Spinboldak, and Takhtapu Districts. In the last 30 hours, 97mm of rain fell in the affected areas. Flash floods triggered by the heavy rain have reportedly killed 20 people, including a number of children, when their homes collapsed or the vehicles they were traveling in were swept away. At least 10 people, including children, are still missing in Arghandab, Daman, Spin Boldak and Dand Districts. It is anticipated that up to 2,000 homes may have been damaged across all affected districts including Kandahar City. (OCHA, 2 Mar 2019)

As of 3 March, heavy rains have caused flooding in six provinces, Kandahar, Kunar, Zabul, Nimroz, Hirat and Farah. In Kandahar, more than 1,000 people stranded by the flood waters have been rescued by ANSF. Reports suggest that 85 per cent of Farah city has been flooded. (OCHA, 3 Mar 2019).

As of 4 March, eight provinces have been affected by heavy rains and flooding, according Government reports. More than 20 people are reported to have died as a result of the floods, including 13 people in Kandahar province. In excess of 1,600 houses have reportedly been damaged or destroyed, and there has been further damage water systems, agricultural land, schools, mosques and Government buildings. (OCHA, 4 Mar 2019).

As of 5 March, nine provinces have been affected by heavy rains and flooding, according Government reports. More than 40 people are known to have died, and hundreds of others have been injured or are missing. According to the Government, more than 2,500 houses have been damaged and over 1,300 destroyed. Flood affected people are in need of emergency shelter, warm clothing, food and hygiene kits. (OCHA, 5 Mar 2019)

In Kandahar province, some 21,200 people have been assessed requiring humanitarian assistance as a result of the floods. 25 people are known to have died and 40 people have been injured. According to joint assessments conducted by the government and humanitarian Kandahar and seven flood-affected districts, 1,340 houses have been damaged and a further 1,276 have been destroyed. (OCHA, 7 Mar 2019)

As of 10 March, 33,000 people in Kandahar province have been identified as requiring humanitarian assistance following floods that struck the province at the beginning of March. According to assessments conducted by the Government and humanitarian partners, 2,800 houses have been damaged and 1,850 houses destroyed. Assessments are still ongoing in affected areas that are difficult to access due to insecurity. Humanitarian partners have so far provided 673 flood-affected households with tents, NFIs including winter clothes, food assistance and hygiene kits. The Government has reportedly allocated 126 million Afghanis (US$1.7m) for assistance including shelter repairs, agricultural assistance and food. Since 2 March, there has also been extensive flooding in Hilmand, Herat and Farah provinces, and humanitarian partners are continuing to conduct assessments and provide assistance in these areas. (OCHA, 11 Mar 2019)

Date: 01 Mar 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Colombia: Colombia: Floods - Feb 2019

Tue, 26 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000020-COL
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Colombia

Heavy rains and flooding have been affecting the Colombian department of Chocó since last week, provoking the overflow of the Rivers San Juan, Iró, Condoto, Cértegui and Quito. More than 3 000 families in at least six municipalities (Condoto, Tadó, Cértegui, Andagoya, Río Iró e Istmina) are affected.According to the Red Cross, which is already providing support to the victims, these floods have caused severe damage to both residential and commercial areas. The damages could be more important, since some rural areas in the same department have not been monitored yet. (ECHO, 26 Feb 2109)

Date: 26 Feb 2019
Status: Alert

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Peru: Peru: Floods and Landslides - Feb 2019

Wed, 13 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000015-PER
Disaster type: Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Peru

Heavy rainfall has been affecting southern Peru (particualrly Arequipa, Moquegua, Tacna and Ica Regions) over the last week, causing rivers to overflow (especially the Rio Locumba), triggering floods, landslides and mudslides. According to media reports, as of 13 February at 8.00 UTC, ten people were killed (three in Arequipa Region and two more in Ica Region), 1 800 injured and approximately 8 000 affected. Infrastructure facilities have also been damaged. (ECHO, 13 Feb 2019)

39 deaths have been reported so far and nearly 8 300 people have been affected. Floods and landslides have damaged or destroyed roads, bridges, houses, crops and killed more than 5 500 animals. (ECHO, 21 Feb 2019)

As of 28 February, media reported 51 deaths and 79 injured people. Furthermore, 228 houses have been destroyed, 26 bridges have been demolished and several roads have been blocked by torrential rain and landslides. (ECHO, 28 Feb 2019)

Heavy rain in the past days has caused the overflow of Tumbes River located in Tumbes Region (northern Peru). Several districts of Pampa Grande, San Jacinto and San Juan de la Virgen in the Tumbes city area have been flooded. As of 7 March at 8.00 UTC, media report that three schools, 10 houses and 956 hectares of crops have been flooded. 12 villages were isolated by the overflow of the river. (ECHO, 7 Mar 2019)

Date: 13 Feb 2019
Status: Alert

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Moldova: Moldova: Cold Wave - Jan 2019

Wed, 06 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: CW-2019-000013-MDA
Disaster type: Cold Wave
Affected countries: Moldova

Precarious meteorological conditions, abundant snow, low temperatures were registered between 11 and 12 January 2019 on the territory of the Republic of Moldova. The level of snow throughout the country reached 30 – 190 mm, which is extreme, with most of snow falling in the central and northern part of the Republic. The Government announced code of danger “yellow” in the country. On 11-12 January the roads were closed for any movement, but after 24 hours cleanedand opened again. 14 communities in 5 districts were left without electricity for one day. Low temperatures were registered (-5 to -11 Co). Low temperatures in Moldova have been registered until the end of January. On the 20th of January several regions of the country were affected by the icy rain, which covered all the roads in snow. It is reported that in total 5,460 peoplewere affected by the disaster. Many people with limited physical mobility and living alone were blocked in their houses limiting their ability to purchase required items, including food. Due to the lower than normal temperatures the housing condition proved to not be adequate to keep households warm. The most vulnerable are unable to afford the costs of heating and are concerned that additional costs associated with heating will indebt them further. Out of 5,460 affected people, 2,912 need Red Cross assistance. These are mainly older people, people with disabilities or people with very low income in their families. Because of their poverty, they can’t afford to heat the houses as the heating costs are very high. With the limited income, people prefer to spend money on food or for medicines rather than on heating or electricity put them at risk of developing illnesses and further exacerbating their difficult situation. (IFRC, 6 Feb 2019)

Date: 06 Feb 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Philippines: Philippines: Measles Outbreak - Feb 2019

Wed, 06 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000112-PHL
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Philippines

On 6 February 2019, the Department of Health (DOH) declared a “measles outbreak” in the National Capital Region (NCR) and Region 3 (Central Luzon). On the 7 February 2019, DOH announced that the measles outbreak had spread to more areas in Luzon and Visayas in CALABARZON, Region 6 (Western Visayas) and Region 7 (Central Visayas). Unconfirmed reports from DOH report around 72 deaths among more than 2,000 cases of measles nationwide. While according to San Lazaro Hospital Epidemiology Department (Special National Hospital Medical Center for Infectious Diseases with a 500-bed capacity), there are 1,187 reported suspected measles cases in Metro Manila since January 2019, with 55 deaths. On 5 February 2019, at least 248 children and 21 adults were being treated for measles in the hospital. Most of the confirmed deaths are children aged three months to four years old. (IFRC, 8 Feb 2019)

Cities in NCR with the most cases are: Manila, Caloocan, Marikina, Pasig, Navotas, Parañaque, Taguig, Pasay, and Malabon. (IFRC, 12 Feb 2019)

From 1 January to 13 February, the DOH reported over 4,300 confirmed measles cases. Severe complications from measles have also claimed the lives of 70 people, 1 in 3 of which were children younger than nine months old. More than 80 per cent of 2.6 million unvaccinated children are in the seven regions which have declared outbreaks - Regions III, IVA, IVB, VI, VII, VIII, and the National Capital Region. DOH activated its Incident Command System to implement the nationwide vaccination campaign which will target 95% of the estimated 2.6 million unvaccinated children under 5 years. (OCHA, 15 Feb 2019)

Between 1 January and 18 February 2019, 9,267 measles cases including 146 deaths were officially reported through the routine surveillance system from the Philippines Department of Health (DoH): a 266% increase with the same time period in 2018. (UNICEF/WHO, 20 Feb 2019)

The Department of Health is working with Government agencies in responding to the outbreak and conducting a nationwide immunization campaign. WHO and UNICEF are working closely with the Department of Health to provided technical and funding support to the national programme in the planning, implementation, and monitoring of response activities to contain the outbreak. At the request of the Department of Health, UNICEF is providing tents and is mobilizing its NGO network to support the vaccination campaign. (OCHA, 18 Feb 2019)

Since declaring a measles outbreak on 6 February, the number of cases continues to surge and the Department of Health has reported 12,736 cases of measles and 203 deaths nation-wide as of 24 February. According to the second joint situation report issued by the WHO and UNICEF, the overall risk is assessed as high due to the large number of cases, chronicly low routine immunisation coverage, and increased vaccination hesitancy. Fifty-seven per cent of measles cases are children under five years, with over 80 per cent of cases citing children are not vaccinated. (OCHA, 25 Feb 2019)

The number of cases and deaths due to an outbreak of measles continues to rise. As of 2 March, 16,349 measles cases including 261 deaths were reported by the Department of Health (DOH). There are a number of reports of cases from the Philippines in neighboring countries. The Philippines Government has launched a large-scale information campaign urging parents to have their children vaccinated. The DOH is organising house-to-house vaccinations nationwide, with a strategy to vaccinate all children under five. The Philippine Red Cross has mobilized volunteers to support the immunization campaign and has set up tents in hospitals dedicated to responding to the measles outbreak. (OCHA, 4 Mar 2019)

As of 11 March 2019, a total of 18,553 cases of measles including 280 deaths were reported in 17 Regions. Most of the cases were from NCR (3,850), CALABARZON (4,807), Region III (2,840), Region VI (987) and Region X (876). Ages of cases ranged from less than one month to 88 years old. Majority of the cases were not vaccinated. (Govt. of Philippines, 11 Mar 2019)

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Date: 06 Feb 2019Status: Ongoing

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Cuba: Cuba: Severe Local Storm - Jan 2019

Sun, 27 Jan 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: ST-2019-000111-CUB
Disaster type: Severe Local Storm
Affected countries: Cuba

The tornado of 27 January 2019 was registered as an EF4 * with a speed of winds that reached 300 km/h, higher than a category four hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson scale. Four people are reported dead and a total of 195 injured.1,238 homes affected, of which 123 are total landslides and 224 completely lost the roof. Eleven health institutions, 46 schools with different levels of damage and 21 day care centers have been affected. 220,000 people remain affected in the electric service. The most complex situation continues at the Daughters of Galicia maternity hospital, from which 196 patients were evacuated. (UNCT Cuba, 29 Jan 2019)

According to the assessment of the damage caused by the tornado - affecting several municipalities of the Cuban capital – the impact was so severe that Havana’s inhabitants started to refer to the weather event as "The Tornado of the Century". The number of families left homeless or with severely damaged houses has yet to be defined. The initial number of affected homes raised from 1,901 to 3,513. The trend is still increasing as people report the damages of theirproperties to the Oficinas de Trámites, operating at the community level. More than 4,800 people have been protected: 4,783 people are currently living in homes of relatives and friends and 164 in state facilities. The president of the Institute of Hydraulic Resources (INRH)...reported that the water pumping in the affected areas has already been restored. He also estimated that more than 350,000 people could not receive water services following the passage of the tornado...The United Nations Team for Disaster Management in Cuba (UNDMT) has activated its disaster response mechanisms and continues to analyze the main damage after the tornado. [OCHA] is in close contact with the Office of the Resident Coordinator and is sending an expert to support in the response. (UNCT Cuba, 4 Feb 2019)

Th[e] Plan of Action includes the mobilization of $14,391,461 to respond to the urgent needs of 253,682 people affectedby the tornado in the 14 People´s Councils that suffered the greatest impact. Actions in the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, Education, Health (including sexual and reproductive health), Food Security and Early Recovery and Housing sectors are included. A multi-sectorial response approach has been designed to guarantee a comprehensive benefit to families with humanitarian needs...The short term response actions will be executed within six months, while the medium and long term processes of early recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction will take between 12 to 18 months. (UNCT Cuba, 13 Feb 2019)

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Date: 27 Jan 2019Status: Ongoing

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Argentina: Argentina: Floods - Jan 2019

Wed, 23 Jan 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000009-ARG
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Argentina

In early 2019, heavy rain caused flooding in the provinces of Chaco, Corrientes, Santiago del Estero, Tucumán, Santa Fe and Entre Ríos. At the national level, 4 people have died, more than a third of the impacted provinces’ population had to be evacuated and 30,041 people are reported to have been affected by the rainfall that began in the early morning hours of 8 January 2019 and lasted through 18 January 2019. On 23 January 2019, the Argentine government declared a hydro-meteorological emergency for the province of Chaco. (IFRC, 28 Jan 2019)

Date: 23 Jan 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Malawi: Malawi: Floods - Jan 2019

Tue, 22 Jan 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000014-MWI
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Malawi

Although Tropical Cyclone Desmond did not reach Malawi its effects resulted in continuous rainfall in the southern part of the country since 22nd January through to 26th January 2019. Within this period, extensive rainfall were received for Blantyre, Chikwawa and Nsanje from the Department of Climate Change and Met service. On 23rd January 2019, the Village Civil Protection Committee (VCPC) reported to the District Civil Protection Committee (DCPC) on the flooding and subsequent displacement of people in some Tradition Authorities of Chikwawa District. Based on a preliminary assessment report, the most affected Traditional Authorities are Makhuwira and Paramount Chief Lundu in Chikwawa. The assessment reported that a total of 15,974 people were affected, 3,154 houses damaged or destroyed, and 5,078 people reported to be displaced across at least seven camps set up by communities and government through the VCPCs. The VCPCs managed to evacuate the IDPs to the following camps; Mpama CBO, Nyangu Primary School, Tizola Grain Bank, Phimbi Primary School, Livuzu Primary school, Sekeni Primary School and Alinafe Camp. Most of the affected houses were semipermanent structures.

The VCPCs preliminary report found that most boreholes were submerged and 97% of latrines collapsed forcing the communities to resort to open defecation, posing a serious risk of water and other vector-borne diseases, most notably Cholera and malaria which are common in these areas. The Department of Disaster Management Affairs (DoDMA) continues to receive requests for relief support on shelter and WASH. As of 30th January 2019, the assessment is still ongoing as some areas including Group Village Headman (GVH) Sekeni 2, Pangilesi, Mada and Nantusi remain flooded and inaccessible. (IFRC, 11 Feb 2019)

A report from Salima District Council indicates that floods, that came about as a result of heavy rains, have affected 643 people in Mtauchira Village, T/A Pemba.The report further states that 257 people, of which 93 are under the age of 18, have been displaced and have since sought refuge at Kanduku Evacuation Centre, which was built to accommodate displaced people. (Gov't, Malawi, 15 Feb 2019)

Heavy rains and floods have affected most parts of the Southern Region in Malawi, following the formation of a tropical disturbance over the Mozambique Channel earlier in the week. At least 13 districts have been impacted, with Nsanje (more than 44,500 people affected) and Phalombe (25,000 people affected) hardest hit. According to initial reports, at least 115,000 people have been affected. This includes at least 23 people killed, 29 injured and at least 12 reported missing. These numbers are expected to rise in the days ahead as assessment teams reach additional areas and further information becomes available. Electricity and water supplies have been impacted by the rains and floods. The Electricity Generation Company (EGENCO) has said that around 270 megawatts of Malawi's 320 megawatts of available hydropower capacity was offline, according to media reports. (OCHA, 9 Mar 2019)

In Malawi, nearly 739,800 people have been impacted, according to the Government, with 45 deaths and 577 injuries recorded. More than 75,900 people are estimated to be displaced, with many ad hoc camps established and people living out in the open as their houses have been destroyed. (OCHA, 13 Mar 2019)

Date: 22 Jan 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Nigeria: Nigeria: Lassa Fever Outbreak - Jan 2019

Mon, 21 Jan 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000012-NGA
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Nigeria

On 21 January 2019, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) declared an outbreak of Lassa fever following an increase in the number of cases. From 01 to 27 January 2019, a total of 213 confirmed cases including 41 deaths were reported from sixteen states (Edo, Ondo, Ebonyi, Bauchi, Plateau, Taraba, Gombe, Anambra, Kaduna, Kwara, FCT, Benue, Rivers, Nassarawa and Kogi States) across 40 Local Government Areas (LGAs). This represents a significant increase in the number of cases reported compared to at the same period in 2018. With the outbreak confirmed, WHO intensified its technical assistance to State and Federal authorities in investigation and response to the outbreak. (WHO, 1 Feb 2019)

The number of confirmed cases reported across Nigeria remains high. In week 6, 2019 (week ending 10 February 2019), 37 new confirmed cases including 10 deaths (case fatality ratio = 27%) were reported from nine states across Nigeria. The majority of cases were reported from Ondo (12) and Edo (10) states. The number of confirmed cases reported in week 6, 2019 represents a slight decrease compared to week 5 when 68 confirmed cases were reported. (WHO, 14 Feb 2019)

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) has reported a decrease in the number of Lassa fever cases reported weekly in the country. This is following the intensive response to the Lassa fever outbreak declared in Nigeria on the 21st of January 2019...In the last reporting week ending on the 17th February 2019, 25 new confirmed cases of Lassa fever were reported. So far, a total of 355 confirmed cases with 75 deaths have been recorded between January 1st and February 17th, 2019 from 20 states across 57 Local Government Areas. Over the past three weeks, there has been a downward trend in new cases. The number of new cases being reported are lower, compared to the same period during the 2018 outbreak. (Govt, 25 Feb 2019)

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Date: 21 Jan 2019Status: Ongoing

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Philippines: Tropical Depression Amang - Jan 2019

Fri, 18 Jan 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: EC-2019-000006-PHL
Disaster type: Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Philippines

Heavy rainfall (greater than 7.5 mm per hour) is currently expected over Caraga Region (Region XIII), Davao Region (Region XI) and Eastern Visayas (VIII). The weather disturbance is expected to make landfall over the southern part of Davao region and traverse north through Caraga, Eastern Visayas up to Bicol region.

Caraga is particularly vulnerable as these are mountainous areas with river valleys and are susceptible to floods and landslides. The current landfall is forecasted for Caraga Region, Surigao del Sur Province located along the northeastern coast of Mindanao. Situated west is the Diwata Mountain Range, isolating the province from the rest of Mindanao.

Caraga is susceptible to landslides due to its rugged terrain, while the Agusan River Valley (the third largest river basin in the country, with a total drainage area of 11,937 square kilometres and an estimated length of 390 kilometres from its head origin in Compostela Valley) that stretches all the way to Davao, Butuan and Surigao makes the region prone to flash floods. (IFRC, 18 Jan 2019)

On 20 January, Tropical Depression Amang made landfall over Siargao Island, Surigao del Norte province. As of 21 January, TD Amang was 40 km/h north-northeast of Guiuan, Eastern Samar, and is estimated to bring moderate to heavy rain over the Eastern Visayas and Bicol regions in areas that previously experienced widespread flooding and landslides due to TD Usman that struck in December, causing the loss of over 150 lives. Over 11,000 people have been pre-emptively evacuated in Albay, Camarines Sur, Masbate, Eastern Samar, Agusan del Norte, Dinagat Islands, Surigao del Norte, and Surigao del Sur Provinces, and residents in flood and landslide prone areas have been advised to take precautionary measures. (OCHA, 21 Jan 2019)

Date: 18 Jan 2019
Status: Past disaster

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Algeria: Algeria: Cold Wave - Jan 2019

Fri, 11 Jan 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: CW-2019-000010-DZA
Disaster type: Cold Wave
Affected countries: Algeria

On 11 January, Algeria was hit by a cold wave with heavy snow and rainfalls which further intensified on 13 January. Severe weather conditions were reported to have affected 25 out of 48 governorates of Algeria. Extreme weather has resulted in widespread chaos, leaving 8 people dead, 25 people wounded, damage to powerlines and other key infrastructure, more than 151 roads becoming unpassable due to snow and floods, and to the loss of shelter and livelihoods in more than 300 villages and communes across the country. (IFRC 31 Jan 2019)

Date: 11 Jan 2019
Status: Past disaster

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Lebanon: Middle East: Floods and Cold Wave - Dec 2018

Mon, 07 Jan 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: ST-2019-000002-LBN
Disaster type: Cold Wave, Flood, Severe Local Storm
Affected countries: Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syrian Arab Republic

Qatar Red Crescent Society (QRCS) has responded to the heavy rain and subsequent floods in northern Syria, which affected thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs) in 22 camps across five towns of Idlib and Aleppo Governorates.

The bad weather damaged 2,214 tents inhabited by 2,329 households in Atme, Sarmada, Deir Hassan, Al-Dana, and Al-Bab.

In response, QRCS's representation mission in Gaziantep, Turkey, activated its disaster information center to manage the emergency response. It coordinates with United Nations agencies, as well as local and international relief providers, to monitor the movement of IDPs, evacuate the submerged camps, and secure transportation and shelter. (Qatar Red Crescent Society, Dec 31 2018)

Lebanon started feeling the effects of a heavy storm on Sunday 6 January 2019. Heavy rain, high winds and colder temperatures were reported all over Lebanon. Some regions were affected by either floodings, erosions or heavy snow. This situation reports highlights the impact of the storm on Syrian refugees and response that followed. 50,000 refugees living in around 850 informal settlements could be affected by floodings.

The impact of the storm ‘Norma’ has necessitated the activation of an extreme weather response over the weekend following referrals received and forecast indicating a drop in temperatures, with snowfall at lower altitudes. Assessment of damage is underway and response has started to affected areas. Extreme weather response is being coordinated by MoSA and UNHCR through the Inter-Agency coordination mechanism.

At minimum 66 informal settlements have been found heavily impacted by the flooding, 15 of which have been completely flooded or collapsed. Around 300 refugees have been relocated so far in the North and the Bekaa. No injuries or casualties have been reported to date. (UNHCR, 7 Jan 2018)

Storm "Norma" has caused damages to infrastructure, roads and homes across Lebanon, putting at least 70,000 refugees at risk, more than half of whom are children, based on the latest humanitarian update. "The storm has caused the collapse of many tents and flooding of several informal settlements to the points that refugees had to evacuate to alternative locations," says Giovanni Rizzo, the Norwegian Refugee Council’s (NRC) Area Manager in Bekaa. (NRC, 10 Jan 2019)

At least 700 Syrian refugees have been evacuated and 900 Syrian refugees are displaced by the impact of the storm (IFRC 9/1/2019; Syria Direct 9/1/2019;). Akkar, Baalbek-Hermel and Bekaa governorates are worst hit by heavy snowfall and flooding. Priority needs are shelter, winterisation kits including blankets, warm clothes, and heating fuel as well as health, WASH and food assistance. (ACAPS, 13 Jan 2019)

Date: 07 Jan 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Ukraine: Ukraine: Measles Outbreak - Jan 2019

Mon, 07 Jan 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000017-UKR
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Ukraine

Measles outbreak continues to spread in Ukraine, with new cases being reported in all regions. In 2018, Ukraine reported more measles cases than all of the European Union. Large-scale outbreak response measures have been undertaken since the start of the outbreak in 2017 to curb further spread of the disease and restore high routine immunization coverage, however, in 2018 the amount of the confirmed cases has increased tenfold. In 2018, 11.2 per cent, average one-week increase, brought the total number of measles cases to 54,481 (20,204 adults and 34,277 children), with 16 deaths. Since the beginning of 2019, more than 21,000 cases (7 deaths) have been registered which is an absolute record for the country and 300 per cent increase from 2018’s January and February months.

Most people affected by the measles outbreak for 2018 regions are in Lviv (total 11,873 people: 3,378 adults and 8,495 children), Zakarpattya (total 4,733 people: 988 adults and 3,745 children), Ivano-Frankivsk region (total 5,617 people: 1,496 adults and 4,121 children), Odesa (total 2,835 people: 1,426 adults and 1,409 children), Ternopil (total 3,658 people: 1,268 adults and 2 390 children), Vinnitsa (total 3,422 people: 1,212 adults and 2,210 children), Rivne (total2,950 people: 922 adults and 2,028 children), Chernivtsi (total 3,387 people: 1,117 adults and 2,267 children) and capital city of Kyiv (total 3,197 people: 1,898 adults and 1 299 children). (IFRC, 4 Mar 2019)

Date: 07 Jan 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Philippines: Tropical Depression Usman - Dec 2018

Tue, 25 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: EC-2018-000426-PHL
Disaster type: Flood, Land Slide, Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Philippines

On 29 December 2018, Tropical Depression "Usman" made landfall in the vicinity of Borongan, Eastern Samar, at 6:00 AM, and weakened into a low pressure area (LPA). Over 4,300 persons were affected in 5 provinces. (Govt. of Philippines, 29 Dec 2018)

As of 30 December, 2018, at least 128,000 people were affected in 26 provinces in Regions V, VIII, CALABARZON, and MIMAROPA. More than 13,000 people are staying in 112 evacuation centers. (Govt. of Philippines, 30 Dec 2018)

Rescue teams in the Philippines on Sunday searched for dozens of missing residents after Cyclone Usman swept through the Southeast Asian archipelago, leaving 22 people dead. The tropical storm brought heavy rain to the Bicol and Eastern Visayas regions, causing massive flooding and landslides, the country's civil defense office said. At least 16 people died in Bicol while six others were killed in Eastern Visayas, civil defense officials said. (Deutsche Welle, 30 Dec 2018)

Tropical Depression Usman has caused flood and landslides affecting around 130,000 persons from Regions IV-A (Calabarzon), IV-B (Mimaropa), V (Bicol), and VIII (Eastern Visayas). According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), 68 have died and 19 are still missing. Four provinces in Region V (Bicol) and 8 municipalities in Orinetal Mindoro have been placed under state of calamity. These are Camarines Sur, Albay, Sorsogon, and Camarines Norte where most of the victims of landslides are located. Some affected provinces have asked for public donations. (ECHO, 1 Jan 2019)

Multiple landslides and widespread flooding caused by Tropical Depression Usman, which made landfall near Borongan, Eastern Samar Province on 29 December, have resulted in over 120 deaths. More than 680,000 people across 14 provinces have been affected by the storm, of which 55 per cent in Bicol Region and 42 per cent in Eastern Visayan Region. At the peak, some 456,000 people were displaced with 1,600 homes reported destroyed and 8,800 damaged. Estimated agricultural losses continue to rise, reaching PHP1 billion (US$ 18 million), with nearly 37,000 farmers and fisherfolk affected. (OCHA, 7 Jan 2019)

According to the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), more than 680,000 people have been affected by the storm. Nearly 55 per cent are located primarily in the province of Camarines Sur in the Bicol Region. As of 10 January, over 1,900 homes are destroyed and more than 15,000 are damaged. The Department of Education reports that over 14,000 learners have been affected. Most of the schools in Buhi, Camarines Sur, were submerged in floodwaters, which damaged desks, textbooks and school supplies. Agricultural losses are approaching PHP2 billion (US$37 million), with over 56,000 farmers and fisherfolk affected, according to the Department of Agriculture and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). More than 23,000 metric tons of rice, corn and high-value crops and over 54,000 hectares of farmland are estimated to have been affected. (OCHA, 10 Jan 2019)

As of 10 January, more than 480,000 people across 14 provinces are reported to have been affected by Tropical Depression Usman. Nearly 60 per cent of those are in Region V, primarily in Camarines Sur. Evacuation centres are beginning to close as people return to their homes: from a peak of 536 shelters, 117 remain open, hosting 57,300 people. Another 83,500 people have already left evacuation centres. The number of people staying with relatives or friends is also declining, from a peak of 220,800 to 158,200. Estimated agricultural losses continue to rise, reaching PHP816 million (USD15.5 million), with nearly 37,000 farmers and fisherfolk affected. P9.2 million ($1.8 million) in assistance has been provided by local authorities, NGOs and DSWD. (OCHA, 14 Jan 2019)

As of 20 January, more than one million people were affected by TD Usman. Over 8,200 people are displaced. At least 2,800 people are taking shelter in 23 evacuation centers. A total of 28 dead are confirmed. (Govt. of Philippines, 20 Jan 2019)

As of 30 January, 18 evacuation shelters remains open to serve at least 2,500 people affected by TD Usman in Calabarzon, Mimaropa, Region V and Region VIII. (Govt. of Philippines, 30 Jan 2019)

Date: 25 Dec 2018
Status: Past disaster

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South Sudan: South Sudan: Measles Outbreak - Dec 2018

Sun, 23 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: EP-2018-000430-SSD
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: South Sudan

A Measles outbreak was confirmed in Abyei following laboratory confirmation of five cases in December 2018 with a total of 45 cases suspected. (WHO - 6 Jan 2019) 21 cases, including 2 deaths were reported in Juba from the two payams of Kator and Amarat. (WHO - 20 Jan 2019).

A reactive Measles vaccination campaign will be conducted targeting children aged 6-59 months in all payams and IDP sites in Juba starting on 11th February, 2019. (WHO - 27 Jan 2019)

As of 10th February 2019 Measles outbreaks had been confirmed in seven counties namely;Rumbek East, Abyei, Juba, Pibor, Gogriel West, Bor South, and Mayom.(WHO - 3 March 2019)

A campaign to immunize nearly 40,000 children against measles was launched today, 6 March 2019. The campaign is being carried out by the Ministry of Health with support from the World Health Organization (WHO), the UN’s Children Fund (UNICEF) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM). It comes after a measles outbreak was recently confirmed in Mayom, former Unity State. At least 17 measles cases with no deaths have been reported in Mayom County, with nearly 90 per cent of those affected aged less than 5 years and originating from Pup and Mankien Payams. (WHO - 6 March 2019)

Date: 23 Dec 2018
Status: Ongoing

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Indonesia: Indonesia: Tsunami - Dec 2018

Sat, 22 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: TS-2018-000423-IDN
Disaster type: Tsunami
Affected countries: Indonesia

High tide/tsunami hit Carita Beach in Banten Province, and hit the coast around the Sunda Strait, especially in Pandenglang, South Lampung and Serang districts on 22 December 2018 at 21:27hrs. With height of 30-90 cm, the event has produced 168 fatalities, 745 injured, 30 missing, 558 houses damaged, 9 hotel units damaged, 60 damaged food stalls, 350 boats damaged. (IFRC, 23 Dec 2018)

As of 24 December 2018, at 07:00 local time, the Indonesian National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) has confirmed that 281 people have been killed, 1,016 people are injured, and 57 people remain missing. An estimated 11,700 people are reportedly displaced. The tsunami has also damaged 611 houses, 69 hotel and villas, 60 shops, and 420 vessels. These figures are expected to increase as the government’s assessment continues. BNPB, together with the military, police, the National Search and Rescue Agency (BASARNAS), local government, Ministry of Social Affairs Volunteers (TAGANA), Indonesian Red Cross (PMI), volunteers and the community are providing immediate assistance to those affected. The Government of Indonesia has not requested international assistance in responding to the situation. (OCHA 24 Dec 2018)

According to the latest report from BNPB, 430 people have died, 148 people remain missing and a further 1,485 people have sustained injuries, while more than 16,000 people have still been displaced. The BNPB, Indonesian Army, various local government bodies and the Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) are leading the response operations. Evacuation, search and rescue of victims continue. Joint forces with volunteers and the community began to clean the environment from the tsunami debris. The volcanic activity is still ongoing, namely in the form of Strombolian eruptions accompanied by throws of incandescent lava and hot clouds. For this reason the authorities have upgraded the volcano status to Alert level (Level 3, second highest level), with the danger zone extended to 5 km. Dominant winds lead to the south-west so that volcanic ash spreads south-west to the sea. Heavy rain made search and rescue operations more difficult. More than 1,650 people of Banten province, who had been hit by the tsunami, have been affected by the floods caused by Cikalumpang River overflowing its banks on 26 December. (ECHO, 27 Dec 2018)

As of 28 December 2018, the number of people displaced by Sunda Strait tsunami has increased to 40,386. The total number of fatalities now stands at 426, with the number of injured increasing to 7,202 people. Approximately 1,300 houses have been damaged in the affected areas. The Indonesian Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) issued a high tide warning, with potential high tides of 2.5-4 metres in the southern parts of the Sunda Strait. The warning was in effect until 31 December 2018, with no reports of any impact from the high tide. (OCHA, 31 Dec 2018)

Useful Links
Date: 22 Dec 2018Status: Ongoing

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Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka: Floods - Dec 2018

Sat, 22 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2018-000425-LKA
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood
Affected countries: Sri Lanka

Due to heavy rains and floods in five districts of the Northern Province on 22 December, more than 45,000 people from nearly 14,000 families had been affected according to the Disaster Management Center (DMC). The affected districts are Mullaithivu, Kilinochchi, Mannar, Vavuniya and Jaffna. Over 8,500 people had been sheltered in 52 welfare camps. The Navy and the Army personnel were engaged in relief and rescue missions in the Mullaithivu and Kilinochchi Districts, which are worst affected by the inclement weather condition. (Govt. of Sri Lanka, 23 Dec 2018)

As of 25 December, over 75,000 people have been affected by flash floods and heavy winds in the Northern Province. More than 11,000 people are staying in 35 evacuation centers as their homes were inundated. The Disaster Management Centre reported one death. Though flood waters were receding, the Meteorology Department warned shower or thundershowers will continue to occur in Northern, Eastern and North-central provinces. (Govt. of Sri Lanka, 25 Dec 2018)

Kilinochchi District Secretary Suntharam Arumainayaham said that all the District Secretaries have taken immediate steps to help the victims of floods in accordance with the guidance given by President Maithripala Sirisena. He pointed out that facilities have been provided already to all the persons sheltered in welfare centres. Even though the flood levels reduced in the Kilinochchi District, the people have returned to the welfare centres because of heavy rains. At present, nearly 18,000 families have been affected and all the essential requirements, including cooked food, dry rations and health facilities are being provided for them. (Gov't of Sri Lanka, 26 Dec 2018)

9,455 people have been displaced by flooding in Mullaithvu, Kilinochchi, Mannar, Vavuniya and Jaffna districts in north-east Sri Lanka and are now staying in 30 safety centres. Mullaithivu and Killinochchi, the two most affected districts, received more than 250 mm of rainfall over a 24 hour period on 22-23 December, the highest recorded rainfall in one day since 1983. The flooding has subsided as the weather improved over the last few days, with more than 2,000 people who had initially been displaced returning to their homes. The National Disaster Relief Services Center (NDRSC) has provided 49.5 million Sri Lankan Rupee (US$ 260,000) in cash allocations to address the immediate needs of those affected. (OCHA, 31 Dec 2018)

Date: 22 Dec 2018
Status: Past disaster

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Malawi: Southern Africa: Drought - Nov 2018

Mon, 26 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: DR-2018-000429-ZWE
Disaster type: Drought
Affected countries: Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eswatini, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe

The number of severely food insecure people in Southern Africa rose to an estimated 9.6 million at the start of the lean season (October 2018 to April 2019), due to an increase of 1.1 million people in Malawi. Malawi, which now has an estimated 3.3 million people in Crisis or Emergency (IPC phase 3 and 4), and Zimbabwe, where nearly 2.4 million people are in Crisis or Emergency, have the highest numbers of severely food insecure people in the region. Meanwhile, three districts in Zimbabwe and two districts in Madagascar were classified in Emergency (IPC phase 4) at the outset of the lean season, as a result of extreme loss of livelihood assets. There are also pockets of people facing Emergency food insecurity (IPC phase 4) in Eswatini, Lesotho and Mozambique. (OCHA, 26 Nov 2018)

Since the start of the 2018/19 cropping season in October, anomalous dry conditions have developed across parts of Southern Africa, with more intense moisture deficits registered in Botswana, Namibia and South Africa, in addition to the western parts of Madagascar. Although there are a few months remaining in the cropping season, with the main harvest period usually commencing in April, the impact of the reduced rains is expected to have caused a contraction in the area planted and lowered yield prospects, particularly in the aforementioned areas. Heavier rainfall since mid‑December provided some respite and helped to alleviate moisture deficits, but concurrently resulted in localized flooding in parts of Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. (GIEWS, 22 Jan 2019)

Approximately 10.8 million people were facing severe food insecurity in Southern Africa as 2018 came to an end. In Eswatini, the estimated number of people facing Crisis (IPC phase 3) or worse food insecurity more than doubled from 120,000 in October to nearly 250,000 in December. In Zimbabwe, where 2.4 million people in rural areas were severely food insecure, the deteriorating economic situation caused sharp price increases and hampered access to food and agricultural inputs. Shortages of basic food commodities in formal markets, including cooking oil, sugar and bread, were reported, especially in remote areas. In Mozambique, more than 1.78 million people were in IPC phase 3 or above across the country, of whom 814,000 people in five provinces were prioritized for urgent humanitarian assistance. Further attacks by non-state armed actors were reported in Cabo Delgado province in November, increasing food security and malnutrition concerns. Meanwhile, in Madagascar, a Flash Appeal was launched to galvanize funding for rapid response in the Grand Sud region, where 890,000 people are severely food insecure. (OCHA, 22 Jan 2019)

FEWS NET anticipates the next lean season will most likely start atypically early in August/September in several areas of the region, and households will have limited purchasing power due to lower incomes. Additionally, household access to milk will be lower than normal driven by poor livestock body conditions. Consequently, atypically high levels of acute food insecurity are likely during the 2019/20 lean season in most countries across the region, except in Madagascar, Malawi, and northern Mozambique. Atypically high needs will also be driven by conflict in DRC and poor macroeconomic conditions in Zimbabwe. Although outcomes are not expected to be as severe as those following the 2015/16 drought, humanitarian partners should prepare for a likely earlier than normal start to the 2019/20 lean season and higher than normal food assistance needs during this time. (FEWS NET, 1 Feb 2019)

Appeals & Response Plans
Date: 26 Nov 2018Status: Ongoing

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Iraq: Iraq: Floods - Nov 2018

Thu, 22 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2018-000414-IRQ
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood
Affected countries: Iraq

Torrential rainfall on 22-23 November caused severe flooding across Iraq, leading to the displacement of thousands of people and multiple deaths and injuries. Ninewa and Salah al-Din are the most heavily affected governorates, with bridges, roads and villages being inundated; damage was also recorded in the southern part of the country. An estimated 10,000 people in Salah al-Din and 15,000 people in Ninewa need assistance, including thousands of families living in IDP camps. (OCHA, 25 Nov 2018)

Assessments by humanitarian actors in Ninewa have identified immediate needs as tent replacement, provision of WASH services, and drainage/clearing operations in the Qayyarah Airstrip camp, Jeddah camps 1 through 6, Salamiyah camps 1 & 2, Hamam Al Alil camp 2 and Nimrud Camp. Food rations and NFI kits are also required as people remain displaced from home. In Salah al-Din, Rapid Needs Assessments have identified immediate needs of food, mattresses, blankets, heaters, medical assistance and cash. (OCHA, 27 Nov 2018.)

Central and northwestern Iraq has experienced several episodes of torrential rainfall and severe flooding over a three-week period, most notably on 22/23 November, 30-November/1-December, and 6/7 December. These episodes were interspersed by rainy periods of lesser intensity, which nonetheless adversely affected clean-up efforts. Iraq often experiences heavy rains during winter, but storms this year have been more acute than usual. Ninewa bore the brunt of the severe weather, although other governorates were also affected.The storms washed away buildings, roads, and bridges, and flooded IDP camps and urban areas. A temporary state of emergency was declared in Mosul on 2-December after several neighborhoods were inundated and multiple buildings collapsed. Debris clearance and rehabilitation efforts are underway, but concerns about unexploded ordinance (UXO) must be factored into response efforts.After the initial floods on 22/23 November, camp management in several IDP camps in Ninewa instituted contingency planning which diminished the impact of subsequent storms; however, it is imperative to ensure that all 125 of Iraq’s IDP camps are restored to minimally acceptable standards, including improved flood mitigation measures. (OCHA, 12 Dec 2018.)

Date: 22 Nov 2018
Status: Past disaster

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