ReliefWeb - Disasters

ReliefWeb - Disasters

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ReliefWeb - Disasters

Fiji: Tropical Cyclone Sarai - Dec 2019

Fri, 27 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: TC-2019-000180-FJI
Disaster type: Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Fiji, Tonga

Tropical Cyclone Sarai, category 2, is located approximately 520 km west-northwest of Tonga as of 29 December 10:00 UTC. Close to its centre, the cyclone is expected to have average winds of up to 120km/h with momentary gusts up to 150 km/h. TC Sarai continues moving at about 8 km/h east-southeast towards Tongan waters on 31 December. Storm and flood warnings have been issued in Fiji with one person reported dead and one missing. It is estimated that over 2,500 people have been moved to 70 evacuation centres. The Tonga Meteorological Service has issued a heavy rain and flash flood warning for the entire country, with expected rough seas up to 4 meters. (ECHO, 29 Dec 2019)

Tropical Cyclone Sarai has been tracking through the provinces of Kadavu and Lau in Fiji as a Category 2 storm since Friday 27th December 2019. As of 30 December, Sarai is projected to move into Ha’apai, Tonga, on the first of January and track towards Niue as a Category 1 storm. In Fiji, about 2,000 people took shelter in about 70 evacuation centres. (OCHA, 31 Dec 2019)

Tropical Cyclone Sarai has gradually weakened and downgraded to a category 1 system. TC Sarai continues to move further away to the far southeast of Fiji.However, a Strong Wind Warning remains in force for land areas of Komo, Kabara, Namuka-iLau, Ogea, Fulaga, Lakeba, Oneata and Moce. (Govt. of Fiji, 31 Dec 2019)


Date: 27 Dec 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Philippines: Typhoon Phanfone - Dec 2019

Tue, 24 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: TC-2019-000176-PHL
Disaster type: Flood, Land Slide, Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: China, Philippines

According to the Philippines Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) Typhoon Phanfone (known locally as Typhoon Ursula) made landfall at 4:45 PM (local time) on Tuesday, 24 December 2019, in Salcedo, Eastern Samar. PAGASA1 reports that Phanfone made landfall with maximum winds of 120 kilometers per hour (km/h) and gustiness of up to 150 km/h ... Strong winds, and storm surges are expected, and rainfall can cause flooding and trigger landslides, resulting in casualties, as well as damages to crops livelihoods, livestock, infrastructure and housing. There are reports of rough sea conditions along the eastern seaboards of the Philippines. Seas will also be rough in the inland waters of Southern Luzon and the Visayas and in the western seaboards of Southern Luzon on Wednesday afternoon. (IFRC, 24 Dec 2019)

There are two dead and four missing in Eastern Samar (15 reported by local media). On 26 December, the typhoon is located at 215 km west-northwest of Coron, Palawan. Phanfone is forecast to remain within the Philippine area by 27 December and be out by 28 December in the morning. The rain continues. (ECHO, 26 Dec 2019)

A total of 28 dead, 2 injured and 12 missing is reported (NDRRMC). During the onslaught of the typhoon a total of 147 cities / municipalities experienced a power outage (31 restored), five government facilities damaged and eight areas reported flooded in three municipalities. Biliran PLGU to declare the entire province of Biliran under the state of calamity. Initial reports at Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (PDRRMC) reports 1,050 families served in evacuation centres. (ECHO, 27 Dec 2019)

According to government reports, Typhoon Phanfone (locally known as Ursula) displaced 174,000 people and has affected 1.9 million people in over 2,300 barangays (villages). Over 65 per cent of the displaced took shelter in 602 evacuation centres, with more than 63,000 people staying with host families or in open areas. The heavy rains and high winds brought by Phanfone have damaged an estimated 378,000 houses, 400 schools, 100 public structures, and 32 health facilities. Government agencies are coordinating the response, distributing pre-positioned food, shelter kits, and relief assistance in affected regions. Priority needs are food, potable water, and shelter assistance to rebuild damaged houses. (OCHA, 30 Dec 2019)

As of 2 January 2020, the government reported 50 dead, 362 injured and 5 missing people in Regions Mimaropa, VI, VII, and VIII. A total of 2,431,821 people were affected in 2,702 barangays, of which 77,989 people are taking temporary shelter in 548 evacuation centers (ECs), while 55,918 people are served outside ECs. (Govt. of the Philippines, 2 Jan 2020)

As of 3 January, over 133,000 people are displaced, of whom 77,800 are taking shelter in 547 evacuation centres and over 55,000 staying with host families or open spaces. The number of displaced is lower than previously reported (145,000 people as of 31 December) as people are gradually returning home to repair their homes and recover from the effects of the typhoon. While classes are scheduled to resume on 6 January after the holiday break, over 440 schools have sustained damage in regions V, VI, VIII, MIMAROPA and CALABARZON, according to the latest National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reports. Learning materials and school equipment that were washed away, and damage to roofing and electrical wiring in classrooms were due to the heavy to sometimes intense rains, strong winds, and storm surges which brought up to waist-deep flooding in some affected regions. (OCHA, 3 Jan 2020)

As of 5 January, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) reported 2,825,279 people are affected in 2,923 barangays. There are 71,675 people taking temporary shelter in 526 evacuation centers in Regions VI and VIII, and 56,577 people are currently staying with their relatives and/or friends. (Govt. of the Philippines, 5 Jan 2020)


Date: 24 Dec 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Yemen: Yemen: Dengue Outbreak - Dec 2019

Wed, 18 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000178-YEM
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Yemen

A significant increase in dengue cases was observed in the last three weeks of epidemiological reporting (Weeks 47,48,49) in the country and this was further confirmed on the 18th December during the Health Cluster meeting, with 22,003 cases and 60 deaths reported. Children below five years old are 11% of the total caseload and 30% of the total death cases. Dengue outbreaks have affected 174 of 333 total districts (54%) in 22 of 23 governorates of the country. The highest governorates with suspected dengue cases are from Hodeiadah, Taiz, Aden, Hajja and Lahj and death cases reported from Hudaidah, Aden, Hajja, Lahj, Shabwa, Marib and Rayma.1 Most reported cases are concentrated in urban areas. The number of affected governorates is likely to increase due to the collapse of the health system in Yemen, the poor water and hygiene condition in the most affected areas, additionally due to the ongoing complex and protracted conflict, with limited access to humanitarian support to the most vulnerable and affected populations. (IFRC, 26 Dec 2019)


Date: 18 Dec 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Indonesia: Indonesia: Floods and Landslides - Dec 2019

Mon, 16 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000181-IDN
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Indonesia

Heavy rain in west Sumatra and central Sulawesi have caused floods, resulting in fatalities and damage. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), 2 people died, 60 families have been displaced, 707 people affected and 57 houses damaged following flash floods in Sigi Regency (Central Sulawesi Province). 5,000 people have been displaced and 1,000 homes flooded in South Solok Regency (West Sumatra). More heavy rain is forecast across the affected provinces over the next 24 hours. (ECHO, 16 Dec 2019)

Multiple provinces (North Sumatera, West Java, Bengkulu and Jakarta) in Indonesia has been experiencing flooding starting from 28 December 2019. The floods are affecting the provinces at different scales. The total numbers of people affected have not been confirmed as assessments are ongoing.

In North Sumatera province, flash flooding affected four villages (Pematang, Hatapang, Batu Tunggal and Merbau Selatan) in Labuhanbatu Utara districts. Approximately 229 households (857 people) have been affected. There are four evacuation points in the area, currently occupied by 861 people.

In West Java Province, a river embankment collapsed in Cimareme village, Ngamprah sub-district. Approximately 131 households and 15 houses have been affected according to the Indonesian Disaster Management Agency Provincial Level / Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah (BPBD). Evacuation efforts are ongoing in the area. Most of the affected families are being evacuated to two mosques.

In Bengkulu Province, 138 houses located in the five sub-districts have been affected by floods due to heavy and persistent rainfall on 31 December 2019.

Heavy and persistent rainfall on 31 December 2019 in Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi caused flooding in the areas with Bekasi being the worst affected area. (IFRC, 1 Jan 2020)

As of 2 January 2020, at least 21 people have died. In Jakarta, over 62,000 people have been evacuated to temporary shelters. Indonesia’s government meteorology agency (BMKG) forecasts a further high intensity of rainfall between 11 and 15 January 2020. Indonesia’s National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) is working alongside the army, police, the National Search and Rescue Agency (Basarnas), other ministries and the Indonesian Red Cross to provide emergency response alongside community-based organizations. (ECHO, 2 Jan 2020)

As of 5 January 2020, the authorities reported 60 people have died. At least 495,000 people have been affected by the massive floods, with approximately 100,000 people being displaced in greater Jakarta area. (AHA Centre, 5 Jan 2020)

As of 6 January, disaster management authorities (BNPB) reported that a total of 67 persons have died and 36,000 people remain displaced in at least 127 sites (down from over 100,000 people displaced on 5 January). While flooding has receded in several areas, high rainfall is forecast to continue for the next week. As of 4 January, BNPB had recorded 1,317 heavily damaged houses, 5 severely damaged public facilities, and 24 severely damaged bridges. BNPB has been leading national coordination with other national agencies to support local governments which have mobilized support to affected people by dispatching relief items, deploying personnel, disseminating information, and establishing evacuation centres (OCHA, 7 Jan 2020).

As of 9 January, the Indonesian National Board for Disaster management (BNPB) reported the number of displaced in Bogor Regency (West Java Province) has increased from 12,961 to 14,000 as well as in East Jakarta from 64 to 65 people, while in West Jakarta, has decreased from 602 to 484. The total number of displaced is now 18,870 people. The death toll has been revised to 61. National authorities together with NGOs continue to provide support to those affected. For the next 24 hours, more rain is forecast across the affected provinces and further floods and landslides are expected (ECHO, 9 Jan 2020).


Date: 16 Dec 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Philippines: Philippines: Earthquake - Dec 2019

Sun, 15 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: EQ-2019-000168-PHL
Disaster type: Earthquake
Affected countries: Philippines

On 15 December at 2:11 p.m. local time, a 6.9-magnitude earthquake struck Matanao municipality in the province of Davao del Sur, Mindanao. This is the fourth quake above magnitude 6 in the last two months to hit this part of Mindanao, all within a radius of 12km ...The October earthquakes partially or totally damaged over 47,600 houses. In Davao del Sur alone 13,200 houses were damaged, out of which 3,200 were destroyed. This number is expected to rise as the assessments of the latest event come in. OCHA analysis indicates there are some 838,000 people living in the area worst affected by all four earthquakes ... Three people have been reported dead and 23 injured, though the number is expected to rise. Authorities struggle conducting search and retrieval operations because of the rains on Sunday night and hundreds of aftershocks that continue to shake the grounds. Padada town, close to the epicenter, already declared the state of calamity. In Hagonoy, at least 660 houses are partially or totally damaged, including a totally damaged hospital. (OCHA, 16 Dec 2019)

As of 17 December, seven died following the 6.8 M earthquake in Davao del Sur Province, Mindanao according to the National Disaster Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC). 48 people are injured, 9,565 are housed in 13 temporary evacuation centres and 9,755 have been affected. At least 55 public buildings, 11 schools and 14 bridges have been damaged. There have been as many as 556 aftershocks, 55 of which were felt by the local population. The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) has issued a severe flood advisory for south-east Mindanao (including Davao del Sur Province), with rain and thunderstorms expected over the next 24 hours. (ECHO, 17 Dec 2019)

According to the National Disaster Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), 9 people are dead, one person is missing and 111 people are injured. 32,000 people are displaced (14,073 in 24 evacuation centres) and 108,471 affected. 14,000 houses, 128 schools and 14 bridges are damaged. (ECHO, 18 Dec 2019)

Four days after a 6.9-magnitude earthquake struck in Matanao, Davao Del Sur in Mindanao, more than 124,000 people need assistance in Region XI (Davao). Over 33,000 people are displaced, of whom nearly 15,000 people are staying in evacuation centres while over 18,000 people are staying with host families. Numbers are expected to rise as local authorities continue to assess damage and validate the number of those affected. (OCHA, 19 Dec 2019)

As of 22 December, national authorities report 13 people have died, 210 injured and one person is missing. A total of 243,765 people have been affected (35,249 in 52 evacuation centers) in Regions XI and XII. 25,311 houses, 397 schools, 25 health facilities, three roads and 14 bridges were damaged. (Gov't of the Philippines, 22 Dec 2019)

As figures continue to be collated from the quake, it has been reported that more than 378,100 people were affected by the earthquake across 207 barangays. Almost 37,000 people are currently taking temporary shelter in approximately 60 evacuation centers. It is estimated that more than 94,000 people have taken shelter with friends and/or relatives. Over 26,000 houses were damaged in the quake. (Govt. of the Philippines, 23 Dec 2019)

As of 29 December, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) reported a total of 394,355 people were affected by the earthquake incident in 218 barangays in the Regions XI and XII. Over 40,424 people are taking temporary shelter in 102 evacuation centers, and 100,427 people are currently staying with their relatives and/or friends, or in open spaces. More than 37,000 houses were damaged (Govt. of the Philippines, 29 Dec 2019).


Date: 15 Dec 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Somalia: Tropical Cyclone Pawan - Dec 2019

Fri, 06 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: TC-2019-000165-SOM
Disaster type: Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Somalia, Yemen

The Tropical Storm (TS) initially named SIX that developed in the northern Indian Ocean has now been assigned the name PAWAN after sustaining a speed of more than 39 miles per hour for two days. The probability of the TS landing in the coastal areas of Puntland has increased from (10% TO 35%) over the last two days and is expected to make a land fall in Nugaal region in the next 24 hours.The influence of PAWAN may start being felt in the coastal areas of Bari, Mudug and Sanaag regions in the next 12 hours where moderate to heavy rains and strong winds are expected. The rains will then spread further inland to many areas within Somaliland, Puntland and central regions on 07 and 08 December 2019. (FAO, 6 Dec 2019)

As Pawan turns and tracks towards Somalia, it is expected that the strength will intensify. Under the current conditions, Pawan is expected to make landfall within the next 30 hours and based on the current trajectory, the cyclone will make landfall in Puntland and some parts of Somaliland, namely Awdal and Sannag regions. Strong winds, storm surges and heavy rainfall are expected to cause flooding and trigger landslides, resulting in casualties, as well as damages to crops livelihoods, livestock, infrastructure and housing. Based on the current trajectory, the tropical cyclone could make landfall affecting the Bosaso IDP Camp in Bari Region of Puntland. The total population of the three provinces most likely to be affected is 2.3 million, however it is difficult to estimate the proportion that live on the coast, as some 65% of the population are nomadic. (IFRC, 6 Dec 2019)

Heavy rain in the last 5 days has affected northern, central and coastal Somalia. On 7 December, Puntland coast was affected by Tropical Storm PAWAN and 2 people died following floods in Las Qoray (Sanaag Region). Roads connecting the town to the rest of the region have been damaged. In central Somalia, the overflow of the River Shabelle flooded Afgooye district, displacing over 1,500 people. (ECHO, 10 Dec 2019)

Between 6 to 8 December 2019, TC Pawan caused flash floods and Pawan-related storms in the Puntland. TC Pawan has displaced communities, impacting access to basic health services, which has left affected communities exposed to diseases. The most affected households need urgent humanitarian assistance as they are currently in dire living conditions. Damage was also sustained to IDP settlements, infrastructure and social services such as roads, schools, as well as telecommunication towers and electrical installations. The worst hit areas include Nugaal Region (Eyl and Dangorayo Districts), Karkaar (Qardho District) and Bari Region (Alula, Iskushuban, and Baargaal). Other areas affected include the coastal villages in Bari Region including Hafun, Iskushuban, Baargaal, Quandala and Alula districts. (IFRC, 20 Dec 2019)


Date: 06 Dec 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Rwanda: Rwanda: Floods - Dec 2019

Fri, 06 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000170-RWA
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Rwanda

On 6th and 7th December 2019, extensive floods were observed along Nyabarongo river and its affluents in Ngororero district, damaging crops in Matyazo, Muhanda, Shyira and Kabaya sectors with maximum recorded rainfall at 60.8mm. For Gisagara district, four sectors were affected, namely Mamba, Gishubi, Kansi and Muganza, with maximum recorded rainfall at 35.6mm. In Rusizi district, the sectors of Bugarama Butare, Gitambi, Gikundamvura, Muganza, Mkungu and Nyakabuye were affected with maximum recorded rainfall at 44.9mm. According to the initial assessments conducted by the Ministry of Emergency Management (MINEMA) and Rwanda Red Cross Society (RRCS) on 7-9 December, it is estimated that approximately 5,360 people (1,072 households) have been affected as a result of these floods. Sixteen people were reported to have died and 33 were injured. In addition, a total of 1,016 hectares of crops grown up in the marshlands and the swamps near the rivers were damaged and, in most cases, completely destroyed. Three water supply systems in Rusizi District (one in Gitambi and 2 in Muganza sectors) were also destroyed. (IFRC, 3 Jan 2020)


Date: 06 Dec 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Burundi: Burundi: Floods and Landslides - Dec 2019

Wed, 04 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000167-BDI
Disaster type: Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Burundi

In the night of 4 to 5 December, 26 people died and over 500 people were affected by torrential rains and landslides which caused devastation in the northwestern provinces of Cibitoke, Bubanza, and the northeastern province of Cankuzo. The death toll and number of people displaced is expected to rise in the days ahead as further information is received and verified from affected areas. (OCHA, 6 Dec 2019)

On December 5th, torrential rains and strong winds triggered flash floods, mudflows and landslides over at least a dozen hills around Nyempundu, Mugina Commune, Cibitoke Province. A total of 9,935 people has been affected, of which 1,081 (206 households) have been displaced and temporarily relocated in communal spaces (churches and schools) and/or hosted by community members. Twenty-seven (27) people have been reported dead, while ten people are still missing. Seven people have been injured and evacuated to the Cibitoke referral hospital. Six of them have been discharged. Crops have been destroyed, livestock killed, and more than nine water access points have been washed away. (IFRC, 30 Dec 2019)


Date: 04 Dec 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka: Floods and Landslides - Dec 2019

Sun, 01 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000171-LKA
Disaster type: Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Sri Lanka

According to media reports, as of 2 December, at least three people died following a landslide in Walapane Village (Nuwara Eliya District, Central Province). At least 570 people have been displaced in Batticaloa District (Eastern Province) and more than 4,100 people have been affected in Eastern and Northern Provinces as a result of widespread floods. Furthermore, at least 5,000 people experienced power cuts, and several roads have been flooded and blocked. (ECHO, 2 Dec 2019)

As of 2 December, 14,164 people (4,153 families) have been affected (Situation Report, DMC at 1800 hours). There have been five deaths reported with a further five people injured and one person reported missing. Additionally, 259 houses have been partially damaged, but only 6 houses had been fully destroyed. Twenty-nine safety locations have been established in seven districts with 3,149 people (946 families) evacuated into them. (Gov't of Sri Lanka & WFP, 03 Dec 2019)

Thousands of people have been displaced by floods resulting from torrential rains over the past week in Northern and Eastern provinces. In Eastern Province, over 79,000 people have been affected by the floods, while 2,500 people from 800 families have been displaced. In Batticaloa District, over 51,000 people from 15,000 families have been affected due to heavy rains and 2,300 people have been relocated to 15 sites. The Government has allocated emergency funds for the provision of food to the displaced people in displacement sites or temporarily staying with friends and relatives. (OCHA, 09 Dec 2019)

According to the latest report released by Disaster Management Centre (DMC) of Sri Lanka, 8 people died, 3 in Central Province after a landslide, 2 in Eastern Province, and 2 in Uva Province following flooding. At least 9 people have been injured and 4 are missing. Approximately 155,000 people have been affected and at least 1,360 houses were damaged. As of 10 December, there are 4,276 people displaced in 47 evacuation centres. The gates of several reservoirs have been preventively opened and low-lying areas of the Mahaweli River are flooded. (ECHO, 10 Dec 2019)

Approximately 12,000 people from 3,314 families have been affected by the heavy rainfall that is continuing in 13 districts across the island. The DMC said these people were moved to safe locations. According to reports, people living in Monaragala and Puttalam are the most affected districts owing to the prevailing adverse weather. (Gov't of Sri Lanka, 22 Dec 2019)

About 64,608 people (18,840 families) have been affected, with two persons reported dead, 62 houses fully damaged and 1,463 houses partially damaged. In addition, 17,766 people (5,255 families) have been evacuated to the 133 locations set up to assist displaced people. Intense rainfall from the north-eastern monsoon has led to an overflow of most of the water reservoirs and tanks in East, North, North-central and North-western provinces, triggering floods in several villages and affecting over 30,000 individuals. National Building Research Organisation (NBRO) of Sri Lanka had issued a "Level 3 Red Alert" landslide warning for the districts of Badulla, Kandy, Matale and Nuwara-Eliya. (IFRC, 23 Dec 2019)

The government has reported that over 71,000 people have been affected by the heavy rains, flooding and landslides throughout the island, while more than 360 have drowned in the storms. Approximately 6,700 have been evacuated to safety. (Govt. of Sri Lanka, 25 Dec 2019).


Date: 01 Dec 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Philippines: Typhoon Kammuri - Nov 2019

Sat, 30 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: TC-2019-000159-PHL
Disaster type: Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Philippines

According to the Philippines Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) as of 10:00 local time on 29 November 2019, Tropical Storm (TS) Kammuri is approximately 1,430 km east of the southern Luzon, moving northwest. PAGASA reports that Kammuri currently has maximum sustained winds of 140 kph near the centre and gustiness of up to 170 kph. Longer range models predict it could intensify to a category 4 typhoon. On entering the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR), which is estimated between 1 and 2 December 2019, it will be locally named “Tisoy”. (IFRC, 29 Nov 2019)

According to the Joint Analysis of Disaster Response (JADE) conducted by the Pacific Disaster Center (PDC), WFP and OCHA, more than 9 million people are expected to be affected by Typhoon Kammuri and experience moderate or higher wind damage. Out of the total number of people affected, 3 million are living in areas expected to be seriously affected and will likely require humanitarian assistance. Out of those, an estimated 1 million people (about 300,000 children under 15 years; 612,000 adults; 50,000 elderly over 65 years) are considered highly vulnerable based on pre-existing socioeconomic indicators. (OCHA, 2 Dec 2019)

Tropical Cyclone KAMMURI (TISOY in The Philippines) made landfall over the north-east Mindonoro Island, close to Naujan City on 3 December with maximum sustained winds up to 210 km/h. One death has been reported in Bicol Region and around 225,000 people were evacuated across southern Luzon. Schools are closed throughout Manila, as well as Manilla's main airport. Damage was also sustained to Legazpi City airport. KAMMURI will move across north Mindonoro Island with maximum sustained winds up to 155 km/h, before weakening as it reaches the South China Sea. A warning signal level 3 remains in effect over Mindonoro Island and southern Calabarazon. Extreme flood warnings have been issued for Bicol and Eastern Visayas while severe flood warning for north-eastern Mimaropa and central Calabarazon. (ECHO, 3 Dec 2019)

As of 4 December, the media has reported 13 fatalities. In addition, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) has reported that over 495,400 people have been evacuated (of which more than 458,000 have sought shelter inside evacuation centres and over 37,300 are outside evacuation centres). Infrastructure and buildings have also been affected, with reports of almost 40 houses have suffered damage from the storms, in addition to 12 roads and 3 bridges. More than 520 flights have been cancelled, while 865 municipalities have suspended classes. (ECHO, 4 Dec 2019)

While Tropical Cyclone KAMMURI (TISOY in The Philippines) continues to weaken as it moves south-west over the South China Sea, the Philippines has sought to recover from the storms. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), 34 people have been injured, and almost 8,750 houses have been damaged, in addition to 135 schools. Approximately 20 roads and 20 bridges have been closed. (ECHO, 5 Dec 2019)

According to the NDRRMC's latest bulletin on 9 December, 360,765 families (1,560,463 people) have been affected; of which 18,322 families (80,068 people) are inside 450 evacuation centres, and 3,456 families (15,163 persons people) are outside evacuation centres. A total of 5 deaths and 322 injured persons were reported in Regions CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V, and VIII. (Gov't of the Philippines, 9 Dec 2019)

The latest bulletin from the Government of the Philippines reported that more than 1,992,100 people across almost 4,200 barangays have been affected by Typhoon Kammuri, with more than 50,000 people being sheltered in approximately 190 evacuation centers. It is estimated that about 8,700 people are currently staying with relatives and/or friends. Approximately 455,820 houses have been damaged from the Typhoon. Almost ₱49,690,000 worth of assistance has been provided for affected families. (Govt. of the Philippines, 12 Dec 2019).

As of 24 December, reports state that more than 2,361,300 people have been affected by Tropical Cyclone Kammuri, in over 4,300 barangays across Regions III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V, VIII, CARAGA and CAR. Almost 22,400 have taken shelter in more than 90 temporary evacuation centres, while it is estimated that 70 people are currently staying with relatives and/or friends. Approximately 561,850 houses were damaged in the storms. A total of ₱92,686,357.28 worth of assistance has been provided to affected families. (Govt. of the Philippines, 24 Dec 2019).

As of 2 January 2020, the goverment reported 46,286 people taking temporary shelter in 129 Evacuation Centers(ECs), while 70 people are served outside ECs. (Govt. of the Philippines, 2 Jan 2019)


Date: 30 Nov 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Albania: Albania: Earthquake - Nov 2019

Tue, 26 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: EQ-2019-000157-ALB
Disaster type: Earthquake
Affected countries: Albania

The 6.4 magnitude quake struck just before 4 a.m., 34 kilometres northwest of Tirana, Albania’s capital, and has killed 16 people and injured more than 600, according to the government. There are reports of severe damage to infrastructure, and several buildings have collapsed in Thumane and Durres, with people still thought to be trapped inside. (IFRC, 26 Nov 2019)

According to reports from the Albanian Ministry of Defence, at least 21 people have died in Durrës City and Thumanë Town following the 6.4 M earthquake on 26 November. More than 600 people are injured and 1,200 others were evacuated in Thumanë, Tiranë, Durrës, Krujë and Lezhë. Hundreds of buildings have partially or completely collapsed. (ECHO, 27 Nov 2019)

Since the earthquake struck on 26 November, resulting in 51 deaths and up to 750 people injured, the Albanian Red Cross have been continuing to respond to the needs of the people affected. Aftershocks have decreased in magnitude but are still ongoing. As of 14 December, up to 12,181 people were reported to be living in temporary accommodation (excluding those hosted by relatives or friends): 7,383 in tents (a majority of them in spotted tents in rural areas, close to their individual houses), 4,149 in hotels, 395 in community centres and 254 in gymnasiums. As of 17 December, all tent camps have been closed. (IFRC, 30 Dec 2019)

Appeals & Response Plans
Date: 26 Nov 2019Status: Ongoing

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Malaysia: Malaysia: Floods and Landslides - Nov 2019

Tue, 26 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000162-MYS
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Malaysia

Significant heavy rains from 26 November 2019 have caused flooding in four states in Peninsular Malaysia, namely, Johor, Kelantan, Pahang and Terengganu. The floods have temporarily displaced about 15,000 families across the country. The situation following the weekend (30 November 2019) saw water level increasing in several affected districts. (IFRC, 03 Dec 2019)

As of 2 December, media report 2 fatalities (1 in Kelantan, and 1 Terengganu). Approximately 12,000 people have been evacuated due to floods and have been accommodated in relief centers. According to Malaysian Drainage and Irrigation Department, the water levels of several rivers have exceeded the danger level in 5 localities. A severe weather warning has been issued for Terengganu, while heavy rains will continue over Terengganu and Kelantan on 2-3 December. (ECHO, 02 Dec 2019)

Floods have affected Johor, Kelantan and Terengganu states, displacing up to 15,000 people primarily in Kelantan and Terengganu. In Sabah, the number of evacuated people from villages in Beaufort and Membakut districts has increased to 377. As of 11 December, they are staying at temporary evacuation centres. The water level still exceeds dangerous levels ... The Malaysian Meteorological Department issued weather warnings on 10 December for Pahang, Johor, Sabah, Sarawak. (ECHO, 11 Dec 2019)

Floods continue to affect Johor, Melaka, Pahang, Kelantan, Terengganu, Sabah and Sarawak states. In Johor, 9,151 evacuees are temporarily housed in relief centres and cooking fuel compromised in remote areas by the floods. The Johor government has allocated RM 1.1 million to help those affected. The federal government has also approved RM 500,000. (ECHO, 16 Dec 2019)

The number of flood affected people in Terengganu and Kelantan, who were evacuated to temporary relief centres, continues to increase following the second wave of heavy rains and floods beginning on 18 December. As of 19 December, the number of flood evacuees in Kelantan rose to 4,065 individuals from 1,205 families. Five rivers in Terengganu have also crossed the danger level, namely Sungai Berang in Menerong, Sungai Telemong in Kuala Ping, Sungai Nerus in Kampung Langkap, Sungai Setiu in Kampung Besut and Sungai Dungun in Kuala Jengai. (ECHO, 21 Dec 2019)


Date: 26 Nov 2019
Status: Past disaster

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Djibouti: Djibouti: Floods - Nov 2019

Thu, 21 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000156-DJI
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood
Affected countries: Djibouti

Since 21 November, Djibouti has experienced heavy rains which triggered flash floods across the country. In Djibouti city alone, initial estimates indicate that over 30,000-40,000 families (150,000-250,000 people) have been somewhat affected by the floods, and 9 people (7 children) have reportedly been killed. Reports indicate that between 21 and 24 November, almost 300mm of rain were recorded in Djibouti city alone, or over three times the annual average. Dwellings, shops, schools and infrastructure have been damaged. In some neighborhoods, access to electricity was also interrupted. In other areas of the country, damages to roads and flash floods have affected access to several communities, and information available to date indicate that at least 300 families are now in need of urgent humanitarian assistance in Tadjourah region alone. The recently inaugurated Tadjourah-Balho road, and road between Djibouti and Tadjourah suffered severe damages. A bridge in Arta area (PK53) is in danger of collapsing. (UNCT Djibouti/Gov't of Djibouti, 24 Nov 2019)

Some 250,000 people have been affected countrywide (26% of the population), and 150,000 (including migrants and refugees) are in need of immediate humanitarian assistance. In Djibouti city alone, 200,000 were affected (21% of the total population) and 120,000 require immediate relief support. Some 10 people (7 children) have reportedly been killed. Floods also caused widespread destruction of infrastructure, homes and livelihoods. (UNCT Djibouti/Gov't of Djibouti, 05 Dec 2019)

Heavy rains fell between 21 and 28 November 2019 with a peak between 22 and 23 November in Djibouti. The equivalent of two years of precipitation occurred in one day. New rains between 7 and 10 December made access to the affected areas more difficult. 11 people (including 7 children) lost their lives due to flooding and a landslide due to heavy rainfall. (UNCT Djibouti/Gov't of Djibouti, 17 Dec 2019)

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Date: 21 Nov 2019Status: Ongoing

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Bangladesh: Tropical Cyclone Matmo/Bulbul - Oct 2019

Fri, 01 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: TC-2019-000147-BGD
Disaster type: Flood, Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam

Tropical Cyclone MATMO formed over the South China Sea on 29 October, moving west-northwest towards Vietnam. On 30 October at 0.00 UTC, its centre was approximately 275 km east-southeast of Quy Nhon City (Binh Dinh Province, central Vietnam) with maximum sustained winds of 65 km/h (tropical storm). (ECHO, 30 Oct 2019)

Tropical depression MATMO was moving into Cambodia from Vietnam on 31 October and is expected to bring heavy rain to the central part of Thailand, where temperatures are also dropping over next few days. Strong winds and heavy rains have resulted in power loss and damaged buildings and houses in the southern central provinces of Binh Din and Phú Yên, Vietnam. The authorities evacuated around 15,000 households to safer places. A considerable rise of the water level of Rivers in Phú Yên, including Cai River have been observed representing a high flooding risk. In Quang Ngãi Province, many houses were damaged and trees were uprooted, particularly in local southern districts. (ECHO, 1 Nov 2019)

The Central Steering Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control of Vietnam reported, that Typhoon Matmo has destroyed 179 houses, damaged 2,314 buildings and 35 schools in the provinces of Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Phu Yen, Gia Lai and Thua Thien Hue. As of 4 November, 1 person is reported missing, 14 people have been injured and 20,000 displaced. (ECHO, 4 Nov 2019)

After passing over south-east Asia, Tropical Cyclone MATMO has reformed over the Bay of Bengal. On 7 November its centre was approximately 480 km south-west of Ayeyarwady Region...with maximum sustained winds of 93 km/h...On 7-8 November, rain and thunderstorms are forecast over eastern Myanmar, Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India) and strong winds in West Bengal. Preparedness planning is ongoing in the Cox’s Bazar district in Bangladesh, which hosts close to a million refugees. (ECHO, 7 Nov 2019)

The severe cyclonic storm ‘Bulbul’ has intensified into a very severe cyclonic storm as it moves towards the West Bengal and Bangladesh coast. The system is likely to intensify further before turning north-east across the West Bengal - Bangladesh coast between Sagar Islands and Khepupara, across Sundarbans delta on 10 November with maximum sustained wind speed of 110-120 km/h to 135 km/h. Heavy to very heavy rain and strong winds are forecast over West Bengal and Odisha coasts in India, and Khulna and Barisal divisions in Bangladesh over the next 4 days. (ECHO, 8 Nov 2019)

As of 10 November, the system has weakened to a Cyclonic Storm with a maximum sustained wind speed of 80-90 km/h and centred over Southwestern part of Bangladesh. It is expected to further move northeasterly direction and weaken gradually. (ECHO, 10 Nov 2019)

The number of fatalities in West Bengal State (India) and southern Bangladesh has increased to 20, after Tropical Cyclone BULBUL's passage on 9-10 November. According to media reports, 10 people died in West Bengal, and 2 more deaths were reported in Odisha State (north-east India). Over 26,000 houses were damaged. In Bangladesh, 8 people died, 15 fishermen are still missing, and at least 30 people are injured. More than 17,000 houses have been damaged and river embankments were breached in Barguna district (Barisal Division, southern Bangladesh). Disaster response teams from India and Bangladesh have been deployed to the affected areas and food and relief items are being distributed to the population. (ECHO, 11 Nov 2019)

After Tropical Cyclone BULBUL's passage on 9-10 November, the number of fatalities has increased to 24 (12 in India and 12 in Bangladesh).According to DG ECHO and UN OCHA, 28 people are still missing in Bangladesh, 71 have been injured and 2,106,918 have been evacuated to 5,787 evacuation centres. A total of 50,287 houses have been damaged or destroyed and more than 60,000 ha of crops have been affected.For the next 24 hours, light to moderate rain is expected across South Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram as BULBUL moves slightly east-northeast, weakening to a low-pressure area. (ECHO, 12 Nov 2019)

As of 14 November, the government, media and Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS) reported 722,674 people have been affected. More than 150,000 houses have been damaged by the cyclone. Furthermore there are 117,795 hectares of affected crops. Field assessment team confirmed that immediate needs are repairing shelter and provisioning for basic needs assistance. (IRFC, 14 Nov 2019)


Date: 01 Nov 2019
Status: Ongoing

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El Salvador: El Salvador: Floods - Oct 2019

Mon, 28 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000136-SLV
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: El Salvador

Heavy precipitation in El Salvador began on 12 October 2019 due to the influence and combination of a lowpressure system. The continual rain led caused rockslides and landslides, as well as falling trees and collapse of slopes, which disrupted transit on highways and roads. Unofficial figures report that at least four people have died following the heavy rain that caused the current flooding and landslides in the country. The heavy rains led to a landslide and 70-metre deep hole in the Santa Lucia, Ilopango municipality in the San Salvador department. Hundreds of people were evacuated. Six homes were destroyed and around 400 others (of which 103 have been declared uninhabitable by Civil Protection) are at risk of collapse. To date, these households have received scarce support to address their short-term housing needs. (IFRC, 28 Oct 2019)


Date: 28 Oct 2019
Status: Past disaster

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Kenya: Kenya: Floods and Landslides - Oct 2019

Thu, 24 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000138-KEN
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Kenya

Heavy rain has been affecting several counties since last week, causing flash flooding and landslides. According to media reports, as of 24 October, 9 people have died as a result, 4 in Elgeyo-Marakwet County, 4 in Wajir county and 1 in Turkana County. Thousands of people have been displaced and roads and houses have been damaged. (ECHO, 24 Oct 2019)

[H]eavy rain has affected large areas over the last week, causing flash flooding and landslides. The northern and north-eastern counties are most affected; as of 24 October, at least 21 people have died, thousands have been displaced, and houses, roads and other infrastructure have been damaged. The Kenya Meteorological Department has warned of continued, countrywide heavy rain and strong winds over the coming days. Further severe flooding is predicted, particularly along the Tana River. (ECHO, 26 Oct 2019)

Based on data from Kenya Red Cross staff and volunteers a total of 14,083HHs (approx. 84,367 people) have been affected, 21 deaths reported with 2 others injured. The number of displaced households is currently estimated at 6,000HHs. In addition, 531 acres of farmland have been destroyed and 21,675 livestock have been washed away. Assessments are continuously ongoing with a possibility of a significant increase in the number of affected populations. (IFRC, 29 Oct 2019)

Heavy rainfall in many regions of Kenya since the start of the short rains season in early October has led to riverine and flash floods, rock falls, mudslides and landslides. More than 101,000 people have been affected, mainly in the north-eastern, central, and coastal regions, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS). The KRCS has confirmed that at least 14,000 people have been displaced who were living in low-lying areas where rivers have burst their banks. At least 29 flood-related deaths have been reported and the death toll and number of people displaced is expected to rise in the days ahead as further information is received and verified from affected areas.(OCHA, 30 Oct 2019)

43,000 people have been affected in Wajir County (north-east Kenya) and the number of flood-related deaths has increased to 29. Approximately 36,000 people have been displaced, more than 101,000 affected, 52 schools and 14 facilities are inaccessible. Roads are flooded and two bridges damaged, including the main bridge linking Tanzania and Kenya. (ECHO, 31 Oct 2019.)

More than 144,000 people in 25 counties across the country are estimated to be affected by riverine and flash floods, rock falls, mudslides and landslides, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS). The Government’s National Disaster Operation Centre (NDOC) also confirmed that at least 17,000 people have been displaced and 48 died due to the floods. With the current weather forecasts, which predicts heavy rains until the end of November, the NDOC expects these numbers to rise, including affecting 200,000 refugees living in settlements in Dadaab. (OCHA, 5 Nov 2019)

Kenya Red Cross teams in various parts of the country are supporting the evacuation of families to safer areas. Working alongside the Government of Kenya, Red Cross teams are delivering emergency relief items and essential supplies like household and sanitation items in evacuation centres hosting those who have been displaced by the flooding. Areas affected by flooding so far include Marsabit, Wajir, Mandera, Tana River, Turkana, Elgeiyo Marakwet, Kitui, Meru, Kajiado, Nandi, Kwale, Garissa, Muranga and Busia. (IFRC, 25 Nov 2019)

Heavy rain has been affecting western Kenya, triggering landslides that have resulted in casualties and widespread damage. As of 26 November, at least 52 fatalities after major landslides occurred on 24 November in Tapach, Weiwei and Batei Wards Villages (West Pokot County). Around 45 people are reportedly still missing (ECHO, 26 Nov 2019.)

More than 160,000 people, including nearly 18,000 who are displaced countrywide, have been affected by floods or landslides since the onset of the short rains in October, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS). At least 120 people have reportedly died, including 72 people who lost their lives after a landslide buried their houses in West Pokot County in northwestern Kenya, according to the Government. Infrastructure of undetermined value, including roads and bridges, have been damaged, hampering effective humanitarian response efforts in affected areas (OCHA, 27 Nov 2019.)

UNICEF has sent supplies in response to the heavy rains and floods experienced in Kenya since mid-October, bringing relief to around 130,000 affected people. According to the Government spokesman, 330,000 people have been affected, 17,000 displaced and 132 died, due to floods and landslides. Damage to essential infrastructure including roads, schools and health facilities has disrupted access to critical services for children and families. (UNICEF, 4 Dec 2019)

From October to December, Kenya experienced one of the wettest short rains seasons on record, with rainfall totals ranging up to 400 percent of average. A second round of floods and landslides in November caused the death of 132 people, displaced 17,000 people, and affected approximately 330,000 people, primarily in West Pokot. Disruptions to critical transport infrastructure and ongoing delays in the unimodal harvest have reduced the availability of food in markets, sustaining high food prices. In localized areas, crop and livestock losses have been reported. (FEWSNET, 29 Dec 2019)


Date: 24 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Somalia: Somalia: Floods - Oct 2019

Fri, 18 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000133-SOM
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood
Affected countries: Somalia

Moderate to heavy rains continued in many parts of Somalia and within the Ethiopian highlands over the last one week. River levels at Belet Weyne (Shabelle) are currently very high and the trend is expected to continue reaching over bank in the coming few days. Along Juba, the river levels are also high. The cumulative rainfall forecast for the coming week is calling for moderate to heavy rains across the country as well as the Ethiopian highlands. The river levels will therefore continue to rise with a high risk of flooding along the entire two channels. Flash floods are expected in built-up and low lying areas of Bay, Bakool and central regions given the forecast. (FAO, 18 Oct 2019)

Latest reports received in the evening of 21 October indicate that nearly 40 per cent of Belet Weyne town has been affected by flooding with an estimated 72,000 people having moved to Ceel Jaale highlands and surrounding areas. All villages in the north of Belet Weyne town have been affected and humanitarian partners are yet to establish the number of people displaced in these areas. The situation is further compounded by flooding from an outburst of minor tributaries in Belet Weyne, which has caused damage to farmland in villages such as Hawo Taako. Significant portions of crop land were also flooded in Bardheere in Gedo region, (where the river is already at bank full) and Bualle. Riverine communities have been asked to vacate their homes to higher ground with immediate effect. The rains will continue in the next seven days and river levels will continue to rise, further worsening the flood situation. (OCHA, 21 Oct 2019)

Riverine and flash flooding has affected populations in middle and lower Juba, Bay, lower and middle Shabelle, and Hiraan states. The number of people affected is expected to be high; an initial 76,000 people have been displaced so far in the worst affected areas. The impact of the rains will have on food security is not yet clear. (ACAPS, 24 Oct 2019)

An estimated 182,000 people have been displaced thus far due to flooding, according to UNHCR-Protection Return Monitoring Network (PRMN). Farmland, infrastructure and roads have been destroyed, and livelihoods disrupted in some of the worst-hit areas.(OCHA, 28 Oct 2019)

As of 5 November, 547,000 people have been impacted of whom 370,000 are displaced. In Belet Weyne district, an estimated 45,500 households (273,000 people) have fled their homes. Farmland, infrastructure, and roads have been destroyed in some of the worst-hit areas in Hirshabelle, Jubaland and South West States. At least 17 deaths have been reported. (OCHA, 06 Nov 2019)

Humanitarian partners have scaled up flood responses by re-programming available resources, but significant gaps remain even as heavy rains subside in some locations. More than 350,000 people have received assistance out of 570,000 flood-affected people. In Belet Weyne, flood water has receded, allowing 80,000 displaced people in Belet Weyne town (40 per cent of 180,000 displaced town residents) to return home. The rains have inundated 207,000 hectares of land along Shabelle and Juba rivers, raising concerns about food security and livelihood losses. On 23 November, the UN and Government launched a 3-month US$72.5 million Flood Response Plan to mobilise additional resources. Some $25 million has been made available - $11 million from the Somalia Humanitarian Fund, $8 million from CERF and funding from ECHO and DFID, but $47.5 million is still required. (OCHA, 5 Dec 2019)

The Tropical Storm (TS) initially named SIX that developed in the northern Indian Ocean has now been assigned the name PAWAN after sustaining a speed of more than 39 miles per hour for two days. (FAO, 6 Dec 2019)

Heavy rain in the last 5 days has affected northern, central and coastal Somalia. On 7 December, Puntland coast was affected by Tropical Storm PAWAN and 2 people died following floods in Las Qoray (Sanaag Region). Roads connecting the town to the rest of the region have been damaged. In central Somalia, the overflow of the River Shabelle flooded Afgooye district, displacing over 1,500 people. (ECHO, 10 Dec 2019)

According to the Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management Agency (HADMA), some 35,600 people in Puntland have been affected by TC Pawan and the consecutive heavy rains which accompanied the tropical cyclone. (IFRC, 20 Dec 2019)

River floods and flash floods from excessive rainfall have caused moderate damage to crops, especially in riverine livelihood zones. In urban Beletweyne, where floods have disrupted livelihoods and caused large population displacement, significant humanitarian assistance is currently preventing targeted households to meet minimally adequate food consumption requirements. (FEWSNET/FSNAU, 27 Dec 2019)


Date: 18 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Uganda: Uganda: Floods and Landslides - Oct 2019

Thu, 17 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000163-UGA
Disaster type: Flood, Land Slide, Mud Slide
Affected countries: Uganda

Hundreds of people have been left homeless in Butaleja and Bulambuli districts in eastern Uganda following ongoing heavy rains. According to the Uganda Red cross Society, an assessment conducted by the humanitarian movement shows that many houses are submerged in water and Lelesi Bridge almost washed away as many roads are cut off. Over 1,000 people have been affected with some of the most affected sub counties being Bulambuli Town Council, Nabongo, Siimu, Great Bukhalu, Bunalwire and Bwanyanga (Monitor, 19 Oct 2019.)

In Uganda, 3 deaths were reported in Kasese District (Western Region). Around 950 households were affected, approximately 100 homes destroyed and several others damaged in eastern and western regions due to the Manafwa River overflow (ECHO, 23 Oct 2019.)

Since mid-October, continuous heavy rainfall in Bulambuli and Butaleja districts near Mount Elgon, Eastern Uganda, have caused severe flooding and triggered some mudslides. At least 950 houses have been flooded, leaving more than 4,500 people in need of shelter. Critical infrastructure, including roads, bridges and schools has been damaged and/or destroyed. Some schools have been temporarily closed. (ACAPS, 4 Nov 2019)

According to media reports, as of 6 November, one person died and 2 people are missing following flooding in Mukono District. In Bulambuli and Butaleja districts, 4,500 people have been displaced, 950 houses flooded and schools, roads and bridges damaged or destroyed. (ECHO, 6 Nov 2019.)

More than 900 houses to resettle about 7,200 out of the 100,000 landslide victims will be constructed on 2,800 acres. In the first phase, 101 houses were constructed and about 720 people were relocated from the landslide affected districts (Monitor, 11 Nov 2019.)

The Uganda Red Cross Society (URCS) has developed a three (3) months integrated emergency preparedness and response plan to respond and mitigate impacts of anticipated adverse weather events; including flooding and landslides arising from torrential rainfall that has affected over 10 districts; as well as response to confirmed cholera outbreaks in the four districts of Busia, Bududa, Kyegegwa and Isingiro. (Uganda Red Cross, 29 Nov 2019)

[F]looding and landslides have impacted at least 12 districts, including Bundibugyo District, where more than 4,000 people were affected. (OCHA, 4 Dec 2019)

Several landslides, triggered by heavy rains occurred across eastern Uganda, leading to fatalities and damage. A landslide occurred on 4 December in Bubuda District (Eastern Region of Uganda), where at least five people died, 48 are still missing, and over 200 families are affected, as reported by the Government of Uganda. Most of the roads and bridges in the districts are reportedly flooded, while search and rescue operations are hindered by shortage of personnel and equipment. Several landslides and floods were reported in Sironko District (Eastern Region of Uganda), where the Sironko river broke its banks. According to the Uganda Red Cross Society, at least five people are dead and over 200 are displaced in Zesui and Masaba sub-counties. Moderate to locally heavy rains will persist over southern areas of the Country on 7-8 December. (ECHO, 6 Dec 2019)

Heavy rain has affected western, eastern and northern regions causing floods and landslides. 36 people died, 22 in Bundibugyo District. Up to 6,000 people are displaced in Bududa District alone. The refugees’ transit centre in Bundibugyo District will host up to 700 internally displaced Ugandan nationals. Facilities are already overstretched and a new refugee influx from the DRC, linked to recent clashes in Ituri, may further exacerbate the situation.(ECHO, 10 Dec 2019)

Torrential rains are being experienced across Uganda. According to the Uganda National Meteorological Department (UNMA), abovenormal rains will continue until the end of the year. At least 38 people have died due to floods and landslides in Bundibugyo, Bududa and Sironko districts, and over 150 people have been injured. At least 300,000 have been affected and an estimated 65,000 people are displaced, according to Government sources. The floods and landslides have left a trail of destruction, including damaged homes, infrastructure, agriculture and livelihoods (OCHA, 19 Dec 2019.)


Date: 17 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

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Philippines: Philippines: Earthquakes - Oct 2019

Thu, 17 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: EQ-2019-000140-PHL
Disaster type: Earthquake
Affected countries: Philippines

An earthquake of 6.4 M at a depth of 14 km occurred in North Cotabato province (Mindanao island, southern Philippines) on 16 October at 11.37 UTC. The epicentre was approximately 30 km north-west of Koronadal City (Cotabato province), and 7 km east-northeast of Columbio Town (Sultan Kudarat Province). Two aftershocks of magnitude 5.3 M and 4.9 M were recorded, USGS PAGER estimates that up to 121,000 people were exposed to very strong shaking and up to 2,150,000 to strong shaking. Media report 4 deaths and more than 60 people injured in Tulunan, North Cotabato, and in Magsaysay and Digos in Davao del Sur. In addition, 29 buildings, including houses, schools and hospitals, have been damaged. (ECHO, 17 Oct 2019)

The number of fatalities has increased to 5 and 89 people are injured. According to the national authorities, as of 18 October, 202 people have been displaced, 3,068 affected and at least 337 houses damaged. 497 aftershocks have been recorded and several landslides were triggered by the main seismic event, causing damage to houses and infrastructure. (ECHO, 18 Oct 2019)

As of 25 October 2019. 5:00 AM, a total of 838 aftershocks were recorded, of which, 447 were plotted and 53 were felt, ranging from magnitude 1.4 to 5.5 and Intensity of | to VII. (Govt. Philippines, 25 Oct 2019)

An earthquake of 6.6 M, at a depth of 15 km, struck Cotabato Province (Mindanao Island) on 29 October at 1.04 UTC, approximately 17 km east of Tulunan (Cotabato Province) and 19 km west-northwest of Bansalan (Davao del Sur Province). Two aftershocks of magnitude 5.8 M and 5.0 M were also recorded. Up to 494,000 people were exposed to very strong shaking and 2,379,000 to strong shaking. (ECHO, 29 Oct 2019)

Initial government reports indicated that one person died from falling debris. 66 injured people were admitted to hospital for treatment. (Govt. of the Philippines, 29 Oct 2019)

On 29 October, at 9:04 a.m. Philippine time, a 6.6-magnitude earthquake struck in Tulunan, Cotabato in Mindanao, just two weeks after a 6.3-magnitude earthquake occurred in the same area, causing seven deaths and 215 injured. According to the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS), the 6.6 magnitude earthquake was tectonic in origin with a depth of 7 km and was felt in Cotabato and neighboring municipalities and provinces of five regions of Mindanao, including the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (BARMM). Small to strong magnitude earthquakes followed, and the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reports of 270 aftershocks. Initial assessments by NDRRMC report Kidapawan, M’lang and Tulunan in North Cotabato, and Digos and Magsaysay in Davao del Sur in the Mindanao are among the hardest hit areas. The earthquake affected over 16,400 people. Some 4,400 people are staying in evacuation centres in Kidapawan, North Cotabato and Digos, Davao del Sur, while nearly 4,900 people are with host families in M’lang, Tulunan. NDRRMC, is reporting five deaths and nearly 400 injured. (OCHA, 30 Oct 2019)

On 31 October at 9:11 a.m. local time another 6.5-magnitude earthquake struck close to Tulunan. Tectonic in origin, the earthquake was felt strongly in North Cotabato, Kidapawan City, Davao del Sur and surrounding municipalities, according to the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS). The earthquake on 29 October caused 8 deaths, some due to collapsed walls and falling debris, and nearly 400 have been injured. The number of casualties and damages is expected to rise as the local authorities continue to conduct assessments. Affected communities, displaced in evacuation centres, with host families or camping outdoors in makeshift tents are afraid to go indoors for fear of being injured. According to [NDRRMC], over 25,600 people are affected (previous report 16,400 people) in 59 barangays in Regions XI and XII, of which almost 12,800 (previous report 4,400 people) are in 19 evacuation centres, while over 6,700 (previous report 4,900 people) are staying with host families. (OCHA, 31 Oct 2019)

As of 2 November 2019, the Philippines Government had provided over ₱6,000,000 worth of assistance to over 145,000 people from 149 barangays in response to the earthquakes around Mindanao. To date, some 20,635 people are currently staying in 27 evacuation centers set up by LGUs. It has been reported that approximately 6,850 persons are with their relatives or friends. The government has recorded over 20,000 totally, and almost 6,400 partially, damaged houses. (Govt. of the Philippines, 2 November 2019)

As of 4 November, [NDRRMC] reports of 22 deaths and over 420 injured as a result of a series of earthquakes that occurred between 16 and 31 October. Over 21,000 homes are destroyed and 7,200 partially damaged, mostly in the municipalities of Makilala and Tulunan in North Cotabato. More than 870 schools are reported damaged, which are frequently used as evacuation centres and has also hampered education of over 3,4 million of learners. More than 70 health facilities and 80 other public structures are also damaged, as well as over 25 bridges and roads in Region XI and XII. Over 188,000 people are affected in some 240 barangays in Region XI and XII. Some 24,000 people are staying in evacuation centres, while nearly 7,500 are staying with host families. The municipality of Makilala has been hit the hardest, with over 100,000 people affected, most of whom are currently staying in makeshift shelters. (OCHA, 4 Nov 2019)

As of 7 November, there have been 21 deaths, 417 injured and 2 missing peoples as a result of the series of earthquakes which hit North Cotabato and Davao del Sur provinces. Affected population stands at 254,400 people. (OCHA, 07 Nov 2019)

As of 9 November, the death toll has risen to 23, with 535 people injured and 2 still missing as a result of the series of earthquakes which hit North Cotabato and Davao del Sur provinces. More than 264,000 have been affected in total. (OCHA, 9 Nov 2019)

11 November saw makeshift tents in Makilala, North Cotabato evacuation centers destroyed by strong winds and heavy rain, prompting local authorities to relocate families to other temporary shelters. As of 12 November, more than 109,000 people are displaced with half staying in evacuations camps, while others are staying with host families. Over 36,000 houses and nearly 1,400 schools are damaged. It is estimated that many families will be displaced for at least one year, as a result of damages to structures in the area. To date, the Philippines Department of Social Welfare and Development has distributed food and relief items to affected families worth PhP39 million ($765,000). (OCHA, 12 Nov 2019)

As of 14 November, more than 262,000 people affected are in need of assitance...More than 48,000 people are currently staying in evacuation centres, and around 59,000 are staying with host families. The municipality of Makilala in North Cotabato has been hit the hardest, with around 100,000 people affected, of which many are currently staying in makeshift shelters or open grounds. As of 14 November, over 23,000 homes are destroyed and 15,000 partially damaged, mostly in the municipalities of Makilala and Tulunan in North Cotabato. (OCHA, 15 Nov 2019)

As of 18 November, over 324,000 people had been affected by the earthquakes in Tulunan, North Cotobato, and needed assistance. Over 560 injuries had been recorded, as well as 24 deaths. 70 evacuation centers were established to support an IDP population of 45,800. Over 23,300 houses were destroyed as result of the earthquakes, while over 38,700 were significantly damaged. (OCHA, 18 Nov 2019)

An earthquake of 5.9 M at a depth of 13 km hit Bukidnon Province (Mindanao Island) on 18 November at 21:22 local time. The epicentre was approximately 2 km northwest of Kadingilan Municipality in Bukidnon Province, northern Mindanao. This is the fifth strong earthquake that hit Mindanao between October and November. Up to 193,000 people were exposed to very strong shaking and up to 585,000 to strong shaking. According to media reports, 4 people have been injured and 80 families evacuated. Several buildings have been damaged and classes were suspended in schools throughout the cities of Cotabato, Maramag, Quezon and Valencia. (ECHO, 18 Nov 2019)

As of 27 November, [NDRRMC] reports more than 319,000 people affected in Regions XI and XII. Out of this, a total of 56,648 people are staying in 105 evacuation centres (ECs) while 126,104 people are served outside ECs. More than 41,200 houses in Region XI, XII and BARMM were reported damaged. Government authorities continue to validate and verify reported damage to infrastructure. (OCHA, 27 Nov 2019)

By 29 November, 349,000 people were in need of humanitarian assistance as a result of the recent earthquakes in the Philippines. 56,700 people were staying in evacuation centers, while 125,600 were taking shelter outside of the evacuation centers. 23 deaths had been recorded, in addition to 563 injured. 11 people are still missing in the aftermath of the earthquakes. 47,500 houses suffered significant damage due to the quakes. (OCHA, 29 Nov 2019)

As of 4 December, more than 349,000 people affected by the earthquakes remain in need of assistance. The most severely affected provinces are Davao del Sur and North Cotabato. The earthquakes triggered substantial displacements as a result of destroyed, damaged or unsafe homes. More than 58,300 people are currently staying in 103 evacuation centres, and around 130,900 are staying in informal settlements or with host families. The municipality of Makilala inNorth Cotabato has been hit the hardest, with over 100,000 people affected, many of whom are currently staying in makeshift shelters or open grounds. Over 25,800 homes were destroyed and 21,700 partially damaged, of which 72 per cent are in North Cotabato province including the municipalities of Makilala and Tulunan. (OCHA, 04 Dec 2019)

As of 29 December the authorities reported a total of 352,938 persons were affected by the earthquake incident in 379 barangays in Regions XI and XII. There are 43,334 persons taking temporary shelter in 71 evacuation centers, and 117,379 persons staying with their relatives and/or friends, or in open spaces. There are 47,476 damaged houses. (Govt. of the Philippines, 29 Dec 2019)

Appeals & Response Plans
Date: 17 Oct 2019Status: Ongoing

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Samoa: Pacific: Measles Outbreak - 2019-2020

Wed, 16 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000139-WSM
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: American Samoa, Australia, Fiji, Kiribati, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Tonga

American Samoa

American Samoa: A measles outbreak has been declared by the Department of Health, American Samoa. There are 9 confirmed cases (5 travelers and 4 locally transmitted) reported. Source:- personal communication with country officials on 09 December 2019 and media articles from RNZ and Talanei retrieved on 08 December 2019. (Pacific Community, 10 Dec 2019)

Since the outbreak and State of Emergency declared 8 December, 10 confirmed cases have been reported in six geographically spread villages. There have been no severe cases or deaths. While there is no reliable data available on measles vaccination coverage, recent mass vaccination campaigns reported a coverage of MMR1 in all schools at more than 95 percent, with the second dose of MMR administered at a rate of almost 90 percent. American Samoa began a campaign to vaccinate all adults with no evidence of MMR vaccines on 11 December. Amnesty has also been granted during the vaccination campaign to illegal immigrants who receive the MMR immunisation. (WHO, UN Children's Fund).

Ten (10) laboratory confirmed measles cases have been reported by the American Samoa Department of Health, 4 suspected cases are pending laboratory results. - Source: American Samoa Measles Outbreaks Situational Report for December 15 - 28, 2019, sent on pacnet on 31 December 2019. (Pacific Community, 31 Dec 2019)

No new laboratory confirmed measles cases have been reported; however, samples collected from four suspected cases (fever, rash, coryza, conjunctivitis) have been sent to Hawaii State Lab for RT-PCR testing. American Samoa began its campaign to vaccinate all adults with no evidence of MMR vaccine 11 December 2019. As of 30 December 2019, 12,932 MMR doses administered (780 doses to children 6 months to 18 years old; 12,152 doses to adults 19 years and older). (WHO, UNICEF, 8 Jan 2020)

Fiji

The Ministry of Health and Medical Services is declaring an outbreak of measles for the Serua/Namosi Subdivision. There have been two confirmed cases and two suspected cases reported from Wailali Settlement in Wainadoi. Three of the cases have recovered or are recovering at home, and one is currently admitted in hospital. (Gov't of Fiji, 07 Nov 2019)

As of 11 November, one of the suspected cases from the 7th November update was subsequently confirmed to have measles after lab testing. There are three confirmed cases and one suspected case reported from Wailali Settlement in Wainadoi. The three confirmed cases are a four-month-old baby and two adults between the ages of twenty and twenty-five. (Gov't of Fiji, 11 Nov 2019)

Seven cases of measles have been confirmed by 19 November. The latest confirmed cases are a 7 month old from Wainadoi, a 3 month old from Wainadoi, and a 19 year old from Navunikabi in Namosi. There are 2 more suspected cases in Navunikabi Namosi. The 7 month old and 3 month old babies are currently admitted under isolation at Navua hospital. (Govt. of Fiji, 19 Nov 2019)

As of 20 November, there are 9 confirmed cases of measles from Serua/Namosi Subdivision. The latest two confirmed cases are a 15 year old from Wainadoi, and a 2 year old who had been staying in Waibogi Serua. The outbreak response teams are responding to the notification of the new cases, which includes vaccination and quarantine of contacts if needed. (Govt. of Fiji, 20 Nov 2019)

As of 22 November, there are now 10 confirmed cases of measles. The latest confirmed case is a 25-year-old pregnant woman from Samabula. The woman presented to the CWM Hospital on 21 November 2019 and is currently admitted under isolation. (Gov't of Fiji, 22 Nov 2019)

As of 27 November, there are 13 confirmed cases of measles. The latest confirmed cases are a 22 year old from Wailali Settlement and a 16 year old from Navunikabi, both in the Serua/Namosi Subdivision. The third case is a 1-year-old child from Vatuwaqa Suva, who was admitted at CWM Hospital but has since been discharged. To date all but 2 of the confirmed cases are from, or are linked to, the Serua/Namosi Subdivision. And all the confirmed cases are in the Central Division. (Gov't of Fiji, 27 Nov 2019)

As of 29 November, there are now 14 confirmed cases of measles. The latest confirmed case is a 36 year old from Makosoi, Deuba in Serua/Namosi. (Gov't of Fiji, 29 Nov 2019)

As of 3 December, there are now 15 confirmed cases of measles. The latest confirmed case is a 38 year old from Nasilai Village in Nakelo – Rewa Subdivision. The 15 cases to date are from the following areas: 11 cases from the Serua/Namosi Subdivision (Wailali, Wainadoi, Navunikabi, and Makosoi Deuba), 2 cases from Suva (Samabula and Vatuwaqa) Subdivision, 2 cases from Rewa (Koronivia, Nasilai Village Nakelo) Subdivision. (Gov't of Fiji, 03 Dec 2019)

5 December saw 16 confirmed cases of measles. The latest confirmed case is a 24 year old from Sakoca in Tacirua, Suva. (Govt. of Fiji, 5 Dec 2019)

Since the last update on 04 December, 18 cases of measles have been confirmed. To date, confirmed cases are from, or are linked to cases in Serua/Namosi Subdivision (12 cases from Wailali, Wainadoi, Navunikabi and Makosoi Deuba) from Suva (4 cases from Samabuka and Vatuwaqa) and Rewa (2 cases from Koronivia) subdivisions in the Central Division. (WHO and UNICEF, 6 Dec 2019)

There are now 19 confirmed measles cases. The latest case manifested in a nine-month-old from Davuilevu in Rewa who had stayed at Saumakia Settlement in Naitasiri, and the Korovou Prison Compound in Suva. All of the measles cases so far have appeared in the Central Division. More than 85,000 people in the Central Division have been vaccinated since the second phase of the measles mass immunisation campaign, which began 4 December. This is in addition to the approximately 100,000 people who were vaccinated nationwide since the outbreak was declared 7 November. (Govt. of Fiji, 11 Dec 2019).

Since the last update on 10 December, there are now 21 confirmed cases of measles. The latest confirmed cases are a 13 year old from Nasilai Village in Nakelo Rewa, and a 27 year old from Saumakia Village in Naitasiri. Both new cases are contacts of previously confirmed measles cases in those villages. The Rewa and Naitasiri outbreak response teams have carried out the necessary interventions including isolation of cases, quarantine and vaccination of contacts and at risk communities as appropriate. Since the outbreak was declared on Thursday 7 November 2019, around 200,000 people in Fiji have been immunised against measles. (Govt. of Fiji, 15 Dec 2019).

As of 18 December, there are 23 confirmed cases of measles from Serua/Namosi, Suva, Rewa and Naitasiri in the Central Division. The latest confirmed cases are a 13 month old and a 20 year old from Saumakia Village in Naitasiri. There are no confirmed cases of measles currently admitted in hospital. All cases have recovered or are recovering well at home. The Naitasiri outbreak response team has carried out the necessary interventions including isolation of cases, quarantine and vaccination of contacts and at risk communities as appropriate, and follow up of cases and contacts. (Govt. of Fiji, 18 Dec 2019).

The Government of Fiji is aiming for 95 percent vaccination coverage by Christmas Eve. As of 23 December, 24 measles cases had been confirmed, with ten females and 13 males affected by the disease. All are aged under 40, and have been confined to the Central Division. There have been 12 hospitalizations and no deaths reported. (WHO, UN Children's Fund, 23 Dec 2019).

One more case, an 11-month-old from Nabua, has been confirmed by the Government of Fiji. This brings the total measles cases in Fiji to 25. All have been discovered in the Central Division, with approximately half from the Serua/Namois Subdivision. (Govt. of Fiji, 26 Dec 2019).

Since the last update on 26 December 2019, there are now 27 confirmed cases of measles. The latest confirmed cases are a 12 year old from Sakoca in Tacirua who is linked to a previous case in the same area, and a 39 year old from Nasole in Nasinu who was admitted at CWM Hospital and later discharged home. All 27 cases are from the following areas in the Central Division: 12 cases from the Serua/Namosi Subdivision (Wailali, Wainadoi, Navunikabi, and Makosoi Deuba), 8 cases from Suva Subdivision (Nabua, Samabula, Vatuwaqa, Sakoca in Tacirua, Wailekutu and Naikorokoro Village in Lami), 3 cases from Rewa Subdivision (Koronivia, Nasilai Village Nakelo, Davuilevu) and 4 cases from Naitasiri Subdivision (Saumakia Village). The national measles immunisation campaign was temporarily suspended on 27 December 2019 due to Tropical Cyclone Sarai and will restart in all divisions by 6 January 2020. (Govt. of Fiji, 3 Jan 2020)

Kiribati

On 17 December 2019 the first confirmed measles case was reported; an 11-monthold boy from Eita village. The second confirmed case was reported; a 7-month-old boy from Taborio, on 23 December 2019. Currently, both confirmed cases have recovered, and their contacts have been investigated for immunization status and measles symptoms. (Govt. of the Republic of Kiribati, 27 Dec 2019).

No new laboratory confirmed measles cases have been reported. Investigation of new suspected cases is ongoing, with on-site and remote technical support from WHO and UNICEF. The Ministry of Health & Medical Service (MHMS) is intensifying activities to support vaccination of workers in seaports and domestic flights airports as well as domestic travelers to Kiribati’s outer islands. Vaccination of all domestic travelers to and from Tarawa, who cannot show evidence of vaccination, is also ongoing. (WHO, UNICEF, 8 Jan 2020).

Samoa

The Ministry of Health held a news conference in Apia on 9 October to announce a suspected measles case that may be transmitted from the Auckland outbreak. The MoH further reported if lab results sent to Australia were positive, an outbreak would be declared. (ECHO, 11 Oct 2019)

A measles epidemic was confirmed by the Government of Samoa on 16 October. There were seven confirmed cases of measles[.] All were treated and discharged with no complications. However, there has also been one confirmed death, a one-year-old child. (Govt. of Samoa, 16 Oct 2019)

The Samoan government will close all schools in the country due to the current measles epidemic. The Cabinet has approved for all primary schools to be closed from 15 November and all high schools as of 29 November. More than 300 people, mostly young children, were suspected to have the viral illness. 3 people have died from suspected measles cases since the declaration of the epidemic last month. (ECHO, 04 Nov 2019)

In Samoa, the situation is deteriorating. There are at least 628 suspected measles cases recorded with 48 confirmed so far. A vaccinologist from Auckland University said the disease was at the stage where it was now difficult to stop. The necessary measure is to provide vaccinations. Samoa had a very low uptake of measles vaccines for years and the country had some of the lowest vaccine coverages in the world. (ECHO, 13 Nov 2019)

On 18 November, UNICEF announced that it is supporting the Government of Samoa to respond to a measles outbreak in the country. The Government of Samoa officially declared a state of emergency on 15 November 2019, four weeks into the continuing measles outbreak with more than 1,000 suspected cases so far. All schools have been temporarily closed in order to prevent the disease from spreading. The epidemic has claimed the lives of 14 children under-five years old and one adult. (UNICEF, 18 Nov 2019)

As of 21 November, Samoa was dealing with over 700 measles cases. The Samoan Ministry of Health (SMoH) issued a press release the day beforehand providing details of the mass vaccination campaign due to start tomorrow in urban Apia and Leulomoega. Approximately 70,000 people are in the targeted groups for vaccination, which includes children and infants aged 6 months to 19 years of age, and non-pregnant women aged 20 to 35 years. (ECHO, 21 Nov 2019)

The government also reported that 24,000 people had so far been immunised in a compulsory mass vaccination campaign launched under the state of emergency. Travel between Upolu and Savaii is prohibited for anyone aged 19 or younger. (ECHO, 26 Nov 2019)

As of 28 November, there were 250 cases recorded in the last 24 hours and 39 measles related deaths have been recorded. Approximately 98 per cent of the measles cases are from Upolu and notably concentrated in the Vaimauga West and Faleata West districts with about 92 per cent admission rates, of which highest are among children below the age of 5 years. (IFRC, 2 Dec 2019)

As of 3 December, there have been at least 55 measles-related deaths, the majority of whom were children under the age of four. Over 3,800 measles cases have also been reported. On 2 December, the Government announced a nationwide mass vaccination and instructed the shutdown of all public services to enforce the campaign. UN agencies deployed health specialists and are providing technical assistance to the Government. (OCHA, 3 Dec 2019)

As of 5 December 2019, there have been 4,217 cases since the outbreak started. There were 165 recorded in the last 24 hours. There have been 62 related deaths, with 2 fatalities in the last 24 hours. There are currently 172 measles cases who are in-patients at all health facilities. Admissions include 19 critically ill children in the Intensive Care Unit/ High Dependency Unit and 3 pregnant women and 1 postnatal at Tupua Tamasese Meaole Hospital. The total number of measles cases admitted to all hospitals recorded for the outbreak to date is 1,310. (WHO, 5 Dec 2019)

The Ministry of Health confirms a total of over 4,350 measles cases have been reported to the Disease Surveillance Team, since the outbreak started. There were 140 recorded in the last 24 hours. There are currently almost 180 measles cases who are in-patients at all health facilities. Admissions include 20 critically ill children in ICU/HDU and 3 pregnant women at Tupua Tamasese Meaole Hospital (TTMH). The total number of measles cases admitted to all hospitals recorded for the outbreak to date is approximately 1,370. Of that, 82 percent of patients have been discharged. The recovery rate remains the same since the last update. To date, 63 measles related deaths have been recorded, with 1 fatality in the last 24 hours. (Govt. of Samoa, 6 Dec 2019)

The UN’s Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator Mark Lowcock has released US$2.6 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund to help fight the devastating measles outbreak in Samoa and support the wider region. The funds will provide emergency vaccinations, obstetric and neonatal care for mothers and newborns infected with measles, mental health and psychosocial support, clean water and sanitation, and lifesaving public health information for 1.25 million people. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2019)

The Ministry of Health confirms approximately 5,000 measles cases have been reported, with 75 recorded in the last 24 hours. There are almost 180 measles cases who are currently in-patients at Samoa's health facilities. Most of these in-patients are admitted to Tupua Tamasese Meaole Hospital (TTMH). Admissions more than 15 critically ill children in ICU/HDU and 3 pregnant women at TTMH. The outbreak has seen almost 1,600 measles cases admitted to Samoan hospitals, however, around 85 percent of patients have been discharged. To date, 72 measles related deaths have been recorded, with 1 fatality in the last 24 hours. Currently almost 95 percent of all eligible people in Samoa have been vaccinated against measles. (Govt. of Samoa, 12 Dec 2019).

As of 15 December, 5,210 measles cases have been reported by the Ministry of Health since the start of the outbreak. In the last 24 hours, over 50 cases were recorded in Upolu. There are currently 150 measles cases who are in-patients at all health facilities. Of these, almost 120 have been admitted to Tupua Tamasese Meaole Hospital (TTMH). Admissions include more than 15 critically ill children in ICU/HDU. The total number of measles cases admitted to all hospitals recorded for the outbreak to date is almost 1,650. However, almost 90 percent of these patients have been discharged. (Govt. of Samoa, 15 Dec 2019).

As of 18 December, the Ministry of Health confirms 5,371 measles cases have been reported. There were 40 cases recorded in the last 24 hours. There are currently 126 measles cases who are in-patients at health facilities. The total number of measles cases admitted to all hospitals recorded for the outbreak to date is 1,723. Of that, 1,521 (88%) patients have been discharged. To date, 76 measles related deaths have been recorded, with 1 fatality (child under 5 years old) in the last 24 hours. (Govt. of Samoa, 18 Dec 2019).

As of 22 December, the Ministry of Health confirms a total of 5,520 measles cases have been reported to the Disease Surveillance Team, since the outbreak started. There were 26 recorded in the last 24 hours. There are currently 83 measles cases who are in-patients at all health facilities. The total number of measles cases admitted to all hospitals recorded for the outbreak to date is 1,791. Of that, 1,629 (91%) patients have been discharged. To date, 79 measles related deaths have been recorded. (Gov't of Samoa, 22 Dec 2019)

Over 5,600 measles cases have been reported to the Disease Surveillance Team, as of 26 December. There are currently 43 measles cases who are in-patients at all health facilities. Of this, more than 85 percent of these cases are at the Tupua Tamasese Meaole Hospital (TTMH). Admissions include 7 critically ill children and 3 adults in ICU/HDU. The total number of measles cases admitted to all hospitals recorded for the outbreak to date is approximately 1,820. Of that, over 90 percent of patients have been discharged. To date, 81 measles related deaths have been recorded, with 1 fatality (child under 5 years old) in the last 24 hours. Approximately 95 percent of all eligible people in Samoa have been vaccinated against measles. (Govt. of Samoa, 26 Dec 2019).

The Ministry of Health confirms a total of 5,667 measles cases have been reported to the Disease Surveillance Team, since the outbreak started. There were 12 recorded in the last 24 hours for Upolu (0 new cases for Savaii). There are currently 45 measles cases who are in-patients at all health facilities. Of this, 37 are at the Tupua Tamasese Meaole Hospital (TTMH), 2 at Poutasi District Hospital, 1 at Lalomanu District Hospital, 4 at Foailalo District Hospital and 1 in Sataua. Admissions include 9 critically ill children and 1 adult in ICU/HDU, 1 pregnant woman admitted to TTMH in maternity ward and 1 pregnant woman in Poutasi District Hospital. The total number of measles cases admitted to all hospitals recorded for the outbreak to date is 1,846. Of that, 1,720 (93%) patients have been discharged. To date, 81 measles related deaths have been recorded. (Govt. of Samoa, 29 Dec 2019).

As of 6 January 2020, the Ministry of Health confirmed a cumulative total of 5,697 measles cases have been reported to the Disease Surveillance Team, since the outbreak started. Currently the outbreak is declining with 30 new cases reported between 29 December 2019 and 5 January 2020. The total number of measles cases admitted to all hospitals recorded for the outbreak to date is 1,860, of that, 1,761 (95%) patients have recovered and been discharged. To date, 83 measles related deaths have been recorded, with 2 fatalities (one infant and one adult) between 29 December 2019 and 5 January 2020. There are currently no travel restrictions or vaccination requirement for those travelling to Samoa. (Govt. of Samoa, 6 Jan 2020).

The number of reported measles cases per day is rapidly reducing and the situation is stabilizing. Emergency Medical Teams (EMTs) are scaling down but some will remain into January. Since 20 November 2019, the Ministry of Health (MoH) has successfully vaccinated 134,499 individuals in both Upolu and Savai’i. (WHO, UNICEF, 8 Jan 2020).

Tonga

The Tonga Ministry of Health advises that cases of measles have been identified in a high school rugby group, who were playing rugby in New Zealand in September. The team returned to Tonga on 1 October. The Ministry has taken rapid steps to prevent further spread of the virus, including isolating the current cases at home, vaccinating contacts of the cases and quarantining the remaining squad members, staff and other contacts. (Govt. of Tonga, 18 Oct 2019)

As of 28 October, 107 cases of confirmed, or suspected, measles cases had been identified in Tonga. Authorities reported that the cases are typically experiencing a mild illness. Approximately 65 percent of these cases were discovered in 15-19 year olds. (Govt. of Tonga, 28 Oct 2019)

As of 5 November, 177 cases of confirmed or suspected measles have been identified in Tonga. Clinicians have reported that most cases are experiencing a mild illness. (Gov't of Tonga, 6 Nov 2019)

The Ministry of Education and Training and the Ministry of Health of Tonga announced the closure of all government primary schools from 14-25 November 2019 to further contain the outbreak of measles. The Ministry of Health advised people in Tonga to take precautionary measures to minimize the spread of measles, especially among students. (ECHO, 13 Nov 2019)

The Tonga Ministry of Health officially declared a measles outbreak on 22 October. As of 19 November, 310 cases of confirmed or suspected measles and no deaths have been recorded. (ECHO, 25 Nov 2019)

As at 26 November, 394 cases of confirmed or suspected measles have been identified in Tonga. 344 (87%) of cases have occurred on the main island of Tongatapu, where the outbreak began. The smaller outbreak on Vava’u has a total of 44 (11%) cases. Additionally, 5 cases of rash illness have occurred in children on the island of ‘Eua, while a single case of rash illness has occurred in a child on the island of Ha’apai. Eight admissions to hospital have occurred among measles cases in this outbreak, with no deaths. The significant majority of cases have been managed in home isolation. (Gov't of Tonga, 27 Nov 2019)

As of 2 December, there have been 440 cases of confirmed or suspected case since early October, including 46 additional cases since SITREP7 (released the week prior). All 46 of the cases from the past week have been from the main island of Tongatapu, meaning 390 (89%) cases in total have occurred on Tongatapu, where the outbreak began. No further cases have been reported from any other island since SITREP7.There have been 10 hospitalisations for measles throughout the outbreak and reported deaths. Source Tonga MoH Measles outbreak SITREP No.8, 4 Dec 2019

As of 6 December, 458 cases of confirmed or suspected measles and no deaths have been recorded. The two recent new cases have been reported from Eua island. Currently none is hospitalised. Of all cases 363 (79%) occurred among adolescents and young people aged 10 to 24 years. Eighty-seven percent (87%) are in the island of Tongatapu. Since the beginning of this outbreak, 10 measles cases required hospitalization. The Ministry of Health administered in total (as at December 3) 15,124, vaccines 69% in Tongatupu island. Source: Pacific Public Health Surveillance Network, Tonga, Situation Report 8, (04/11/2019) and daily briefings with MoH Tonga. (WHO & UNICEF, 6 Dec 2019)

The Pacific Public Health Surveillance Network reported that as of 9 December, 485 cases of confirmed or suspected measles and no deaths have beenrecorded. Currently none are hospitalised. Over 80 percent of these cases occurred among adolescents and young people aged 10 to 24 years. Almost 90 percent of the cases have been reported on the island of Tongatapu. As of December 3, the Ministry of Health administered more than 15,100, vaccines, with almost 70 percent of these being on Tongatupu island (WHO & UNICEF, 10 Dec 2019).

As of 15 December, 564 confirmed or suspected cases of measles have been identified in Tonga. 90% of the cases are from Tongatapu. Cases have been reported to be mild with 12 hospitalizations with no deaths. It is estimated that at least 94% of the reported measles cases will have already recovered from their illnesses. School-based vaccination program and ‘Zero dose’ for infants aged 6 to 11 months have been completed on all Islands. The mass vaccination campaign targeting 10-24-year-old age group, not picked up during the school campaign, is scheduled to begin on 17 December. (Gov't of Tonga, 18 Dec 2019)

The rate of measles transmissions is beginning to slow in Tonga, with more than 590 cases confirmed or suspected by 23 December. 90 percent of these cases have occurred on Tongatapu. Measles cases have been reported to be mild, with 15 hospitalizations with no deaths. The age group that primarily affected remains those aged 10-24 years. The mass vaccination campaign targeting those aged 10-24 years across the country has been completed. (WHO, UNICEF, 23 Dec 2019).

As of 31 December 2019, 612 confirmed or suspected cases of measles have been identified in Tonga. The majority 534 (87.2%) cases have occurred on Tongatapu and 66 (10.7%) have occurred on Vava’u Island. Case presentations have been reported to be mild with 18 hospitalisations and no death. The majority of the cases have been managed by home isolation and all patients have been discharged. Given the duration of illness is typically less than 2 weeks, it is estimated that at least 96% of the 612 reported Measles cases will have already recovered from their illnesses. (Govt. of Tonga, 2 Jan 2019)

There is a downward trend in reported case numbers in Tonga, with fewer numbers of new cases being reported in recent weeks. Case presentations reported remain to be generally mild, with 18 hospitalisations and no death. Vaccination has been completed in the Islands of Tongatapu, Vavau’u and Ha’apai., the islands Eua and Niuatoputapu will be covered in January 2020. (WHO, UNICEF, 8 Jan 2020).

Appeals & Response Plans
Date: 16 Oct 2019Status: Ongoing

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