ReliefWeb - Disasters

ReliefWeb - Disasters

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ReliefWeb - Disasters

Senegal: Floods - Sep 2020

Mon, 07 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Senegal
Glide: FL-2020-000198-SEN

As of 7 September 2020, all regions of Senegal have recorded excess rainfall compared to normal, ranging from 100mm to 1,900mm depending on the geographical area. The regions of Dakar and Thiès recorded 800mm of rainfall mainly in the suburbs in the capital city and in the department of Thiès. The heavy rains affected 11 regions including 25 departments, causing the displacement of nearly 3,285 people representing 365 families in the suburbs of Dakar and the department of Thiès. In these regions, populations were driven from their homes by the floods. We can notice waterlogged streets, entire flooded neighbourhoods and washed-out bridges, enclaving some localities or communities. Due to difficult access, some communities could not be reached by emergency services. This information from field assessments conducted by the Senegalese Red Cross Society (SRCS) teams reveals a critical situation for 16,798 affected people (5,879 men and 10,919 women). Among them 640 children under 5 years old, 216 pregnant/breastfeeding women, 72 people with disabilities, 533 elderly people. (IFRC, 14 Sep 2020)

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Guinea: Floods - Sep 2020

Sun, 06 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Guinea
Glide: FL-2020-000202-GIN

From 6 to 7 September 2020, 26 of the 27 neighbourhoods of the urban commune and 12 sub-prefectures of Kankan experienced heavy rain causing major damage to people and their possessions. Based on the initial assessments, 9,907 households i.e. 49,536 people have been affected including 23,248 men and 26,288 women; 4,371 children aged 0 to 5; 1,145 pregnant women; 1,238 breastfeeding women; 135 disabled people; 946 elderly people; 3,975 children sleeping under mosquito nets; 1,101 pregnant women sleeping under mosquito nets; 47 cases of diarrhoea; 12 injured; 263 houses destroyed; 1,363 displaced people; 551 water points destroyed; 75 host families; and 744 latrines destroyed. (IFRC, 18 Sep 2020)

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Burkina Faso: Floods - Sep 2020

Sat, 05 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Burkina Faso
Glide: FL-2020-000200-BFA

Since 5 September, heavy rain continues to affect central Burkina Faso (particularly the Centre Region, including the area of the capital Ouagadougou, and the Centre-Nord Region), triggering floods that have resulted in casualties and damage. As of 9 September, the government declared a state of national disaster. (ECHO, 10 Sep 2020)

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Mauritania: Floods - Sep 2020

Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Mauritania
Glide: FL-2020-000199-MRT

Since the beginning of September, heavy rain affected the southern and eastern regions of the country (particularly Assaba and Hodh Ech Chargui), causing widespread floods and leading to casualties and damage. According to media reports, at least 7 people died (4 in Barkeol Town and 3 in Bassiknou Town), one is still missing, more than 2,000 people have been displaced and at least 10,000 affected. In addition, bridges, river embankments and water supply infrastructures were damaged. For the next 3 days, light to moderate rain is expected across the southern parts and drier conditions are forecast over the rest of the country. (ECHO, 15 Sep 2020)

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Chad: Floods - Aug 2020

Thu, 20 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Chad
Glide: FL-2020-000192-TCD

Following floods which have been occurring since early August 2020 in N’Djamena, 7,122 households (31,853 individuals) fled their homes located in 15 quartiers (7 arrondissements) of the city. They took refuge either elsewhere in their arrondissement, or in neighbouring arrondissements. Ten individuals died following the floods. It should be noted that 5,250 shelters have been destroyed. Most of the affected individuals are hosted by relatives, but some of them are currently without shelter. As of 25 August 2020, no assistance has been provided to meet their needs. (IOM, 25 Aug 2020)

The rainy season caused flooding in the central and southern provinces, the Lac and N’Djaména, affecting 188,915 people (37,783 households) as of 27 August, covering farming land, and impacting food security and livelihoods. (OCHA, 3 Sep 2020)

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Yemen: Polio Outbreak - Aug 2020

Fri, 14 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Yemen
Glide: EP-2020-000201-YEM

A polio outbreak has been declared in Yemen following 15 reported cases of vaccine derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) in the first weeks of August 2020. The cases were detected in different districts of Sa’ada Governorate, in the north-west of the country. Children aged from 8 months to 13 years are affected. Significant challenges and delays in the shipment of stool samples from Yemen during the last two years have resulted in delayed detection. An outbreak response is being implemented by UNICEF and WHO in support of the local health authorities. Local impediments, including security, limit the application of internationally recommended protocol of house-to-house vaccination campaigns. (ECHO, 25 Aug 2020)

The cases in Yemen are clustered in the Sa'adah governorate in the war-ravaged country's north-west, an area that has very low routine immunization levels and which has been inaccessible to the polio programme for more than 2 years. The last house-to-house campaigns in this area were nearly 2 years ago, in November 2018. (UNICEF/WHO, 11 Sep 2020)

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Sudan: Polio Outbreak - Aug 2020

Sun, 09 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Sudan
Glide: EP-2020-000129-SDN

The Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) declared, on 9 August, an outbreak of polio in Sudan, following the confirmation of two cases of vaccine-derived poliovirus in South Darfur and Gedaref states. While laboratory tests are still ongoing, positive environmental samples of poliovirus type 2 have also been found in seven more states, including West Darfur, East Darfur, Gezira, White Nile, River Nile, Khartoum and Red Sea, indicating a possible wide circulation of the virus within the country. At least 5.2 million children under age 5 live in the affected states and will require urgent vaccination. The outbreak, the first since March 2009, has been considered by the authorities as a national emergency and response has been activated to tackle the high risk of transmissions within and beyond Sudan, including South Sudan, declared by WHO as polio-free just a month ago. Neighbouring Ethiopia, Central African Republic and Chad also reported cases, which puts more risks on Sudan, especially in the Darfur region, due to border movements. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and current floods in Sudan will likely increase the challenges for Government and humanitarian partners to contain the new outbreak. The FMoH and health partners have already activated the urgent response to the outbreak. The FMoH briefed the Cabinet of Ministers on 8 August and declared the outbreak one day later, following the protocols of the International Health Regulations. Risk assessments have already been completed, while a National Task Force committee is being currently established. Government and health partners, led by WHO, are in close contact with neighbouring countries to coordinate efforts. (OCHA, 14 Aug 2020)

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Mauritius: MV Wakashio Oil Spill - Aug 2020

Fri, 07 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Mauritius
Glide: AC-2020-000180-MUS

On 25 July 2020, a bulk carrier vessel, MV Wakashio, ran aground on the reef of Point d’Esny, off the coast of Mauritius. The vessel was carrying nearly 4,200 metric tons (MT) of fuel, including low-sulphur fuel oil (3,894 MT), diesel (207 MT) and lubricant oil (90 MT). The ship is located near ecologically sensitive and important areas, including the Point d’Esny Wetlands, Ile aux Aigrettes Nature Reserve, Blue Bay Marine Area, Mahebourg Fishing Reserves, barachois (coastal lagoons) and mangroves. The Point d’Esny Wetlands are designated as a site of international importance under the Convention on Wetlands (‘Ramsar Convention’). The Nagashiki Shipping Co. Ltd, which owns and manages the vessel, told media in an emailed statement that “due to bad weather and constant pounding over the past few days, the starboard side bunker tanker has been breached and an amount of fuel oil has escaped into the sea.” Preliminary satellite analysis conducted by UNOSAT found that the shipwreck location was approximately 2 kilometres from the shore at Point d’Esny and that 0.23km2 oil spill was observed by 6 August. Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth has declared a “state of environmental emergency” and said that the sinking of the boat “represents a danger” for the people of Mauritius. The country’s approximately 1.3 million inhabitants rely heavily on tourism, which has already been hard-hit by the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. (OCHA, 8 Aug 2020)

Cracks on the hull of MV Wakashio have continued to worsen and there remains a high likelihood that the bulk carrier will break-up. There are also concerns regarding the impact the oil spill will have on Mauritius’ unique ecosystems, including Blue Bay Marine Park, Pointe d’Esny Wetland and Ile aux Aigrettes Nature Reserve and wildlife. Reports indicate that the oil is likely to drift northwards, with sightings as far north as Bambous Virieux.Many people in the affected areas rely on fishing for their livelihoods, which will be impacted by the oil spill. Others rely on the tourism industry which was affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and now must contend with a second significant setback. (OCHA, 13 Aug 2020)

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Algeria: Earthquake - Aug 2020

Fri, 07 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Algeria
Glide: EQ-2020-000188-DZA

A magnitude 4.9 earthquake hit eastern Algeria on Friday August 07, 07:15 am. The quake, which was followed by a 4.5 aftershock, hit Mila province some 350 km (215 miles) east of the capital Algiers. The earthquake has left severe damage to the structures and infra-structures in different areas of Mila, pushing the residents to flee in panic into the streets. Around 122 houses have been damaged including three houses and a four-storey villa that were completely destroyed, while 31 apartments were partially destroyed. Other houses were severely damaged including open cracks in walls, floors, and streets. Luckily, there were no casualties reported, only injuries. The government has declared on 16 of August 2020 the area of Khirbat in Mila a disaster area, populated by more than 2,500 families. Since the date of disaster until the announcement date, the Algerian Red Crescent was the only actor on ground sheltering and providing assistance to the bereaved families because before the area is declared a disaster zone, the government cannot activate the risk fund. (IFRC, 25 Aug 2020)

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South Sudan: Floods - Aug 2020

Fri, 07 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: South Sudan
Glide: FL-2020-000193-SSD

As of late July, short periods of high-intensity rain have resulted in a seasonal overflow of the Nile River in low-lying, flood-prone areas of Bor, Duk, and Twic East in Jonglei. The floods displaced approximately 1,800 households in Bor South and submerged crops in Duk. The NOAA/NCEP Global Ensemble Forecast System shows a sustained likelihood of heavy rainfall through August 10, 2020, in eastern South Sudan. Although the scale of flooding is lower in 2020 compared to 2019 so far, a consecutive year of flood-induced crop and livestock losses in low-lying areas along the Nile River and Pibor-Akobo-Sobat basin would exacerbate existing food insecurity into the post-harvest period. (FEWSNET, 4 Aug 2020)

Engineering troops serving with the UN Mission in South Sudan are engaged in an ongoing battle against flooding caused by broken dykes in Bor, in Jonglei, aggravated by heavy downpours. Across the state, primarily in Bor South and Twic East, some 135,000 people are believed to be displaced.(UNMISS, 8 Aug 2020)

The situation is worsened by the onset of the rainy season, which has led to the displacement of over 5,000 people due to floods in Bor South and Twic East counties in Jonglei. According to local authorities, the number goes up to 150,000 for eastern Jonglei. (ECHO, 11 Aug 2020)

Heavy rainfall has been affecting central and eastern States of the country (in particular Jonglei, Eastern Nile, and Pibor States) since late July, causing the White Nile River, and the Akobo River to overflow, triggering floods that have resulted in casualties and damage. In Jonglei State, media report as of 14 August, around 200,000 displaced people, and thousands of destroyed houses across Bor South, Twic East, Duk, and Ayod Counties. In the eastern part of Upper Nile State, approximately 30,000 people were reported affected across the Renk County. In Pibor state, a number of families were reported displaced throughout Pochalla County. (ECHO, 14 Aug 2020)

More than 600,000 people have been affected by flooding in areas along the White Nile since July, with Jonglei and Lakes the worst affected states. Heavy rains have caused rivers to overflow their dykes and banks, flooding vast areas and settlements along the White Nile in the centre of the country.The majority of people displaced moved to higher ground near their homes and plan to return once the flood waters recede. In Bor South, over 33,000 people earlier displaced by conflict and flooding in Twic East and Duk counties to the north have moved west into Awerial county, and are now sheltering in Mingkaman town IDP settlement. (OCHA, 3 Sep 2020)

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Pakistan: Floods and Landslides - Aug 2020

Thu, 06 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Pakistan
Glide: FL-2020-000185-PAK

Heavy rainfall started in Sindh and Baluchistan from the 6 August and continued till the 7 August with intermissions. Continuous rain over a period of 24 hours caused massive flooding in Karachi, Hyderabad, Shaheed Benazirabad and Dadu of Sindh province. However, Tehsil Johi in Dadu district is the area which is greatly affected by flash floods. It has been reported that floods are not only damaging infrastructures and houses but also destroyed crops in Johi Tehsil. Government of Sindh has declared 80 villages in Dadu district as “Calamity Affected Areas’’. The floods also hit different parts of Baluchistan including Kacchi, Sibbi, Harnai, Naseerabad, Jafferabad and Jhal Magsi districts where Jhal Magsi and Jafferabad districts as the most affected areas according to the rapid needs' assessment report. On 18 August, the Government of Baluchistan also declared emergency in Jhal Magsi district.

Dadu district, located at the border between Baluchistan and Sindh, was the worst hit area in recent monsoon floods. Multiple breaches reported in ‘Flood Protection Embankment’ on 8 August, which triggered flooding in at least 200 villages in Johi Taluka (Tehsil), Dadu district.According to the data collected form Revenue Department at Taluka Revenue Office Johi by PRCS teams, 109 villages in 84 Dehs (villages) of seven UCs (out of total 14 UCs) of TalukaJohi were hit by flood/flash flood. Total population in these affected UCs is approximately 136,520 which is scattered, and these type of topography makes them more vulnerable and inaccessible.

Torrential rains that lashed 22 districts of Baluchistan province on 7 August caused flooding and damaged bridges and highways, cutting off highways Gwadar-Karachi, Quetta-Jacobabad from main cities. Several parts of the province were inundated with floodwaters and the paramilitary personnel were called in to evacuate people to safer areas. In Bolan area, flash floods swamped and damaged the main Quetta-Sibi highway at various points, cutting offthe area with the provincial capital. Initially, it has been reported that Jhal Magsi, Jafferabad, Sibi, Harnai, Naseerabad and Kachi districts areas are badlyaffected by the floods. In Jhal Magsi district alone, six UC and 40 villages are completely washed away by heavy floods. Apart from damage of infrastructures and destruction to houses, seven persons are reported dead and more than 50 are injured, and the floods washed away standing crops and livestock on its way in district Jhal Magsi and Jafferabad. (IFRC, 20 Aug 2020)

Monsoon rains and associated flooding continue to affect Pakistan, resulting in at least 90 fatalities and injuring 40, according to national authorities. More than 1,080 houses, 5 bridges and 10 roads have been damaged or destroyed. On 24-25 August, rescue operations in Karachi, and Dadu Districts (Sindh Province) saw the evacuation of 1,544 individuals, after flooding and landslides. Media report 3 people killed and hundreds of homes and streets inundated. Additional rain and thunderstorms are forecast over most of Pakistan on 26-27 August. (ECHO, 26 Aug 2020)

Monsoon rains and associated flooding continue to affect Pakistan, resulting in at least 163 fatalities, and more than 100 injured, as reported by national authorities on 30 August. More than 1,590 houses, nine bridges and 10 roads were damaged or destroyed. Over 20-29 August, heavy rain and urban flooding occurred in Karachi City (Sindh Province), leading to at least 27 fatalities and 13 injured. National authorities are carrying out rescue and relief activities, while food items have been distributed to the affected population. Heavy rain is forecast over most of Punjab, northern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Gilgit-Baltistan, and AJK Regions on 31 August - 1 September. (ECHO, 31 Aug 2020)

Torrential rainfall continues to affect Pakistan, causing floods, triggering landslides and leading to an increasing number of casualties and damage. Over 31 August - 1 September, at least 13 people died and 27 have been injured following flash floods and landslides in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province. Since the beginning of the monsoon season, the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) reports 189 fatalities, 128 injuries and 2,245 damaged houses. (ECHO, 3 Sep 2020)

After flash floods, triggered by monsoon rain occurred across Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province (north-west Pakistan) on 31 August-2 September, the number of fatalities and damage continues to increase According to national authorities, 30 individuals died, and 38 others were injured in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, during the recent flash flood event. More than 130 houses, one bridge, and a worship place have been damaged or destroyed. Several roads have been blocked or damaged by flash floods, isolating many communities Since the beginning of monsoon season in Pakistan at least 206 people have died, while 139 individuals have been injured. (ECHO, 4 Sep 2020)

As monsoon rains continue to batter different parts of Pakistan, casualties have risen to over 230 people and 170 people being injured. Sindh is the most impacted province with some 2.27 million people being affected. According to the Government, over 214.000 houses are partially or fully damaged, and around 1 million acres of crops are destroyed. Over 23,600 people have been displaced and are hosted across nearly 200 relief camps. (OCHA, 8 Sep 2020)

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Lebanon: Beirut Port Explosions - Aug 2020

Tue, 04 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Lebanon
Glide: OT-2020-000177-LBN

On 4 August, a warehouse at the Beirut Port exploded, causing widespread casualties and material damage. National and international search and rescue teams and disaster management experts have been dispatched to support ongoing emergency efforts. Initial reports indicate more than 135 people were killed, and an additional 5,000 people were injured. Scores more remain missing. Widespread structural damage was reported at the port and surrounding commercial and residential neighborhoods. Multiple health facilities sustained damages. Hospitals have been overwhelmed with casualties, with many intensive care units (ICUs) already near capacity due to COVID-19. The Government of Lebanon estimates that the explosions have left more than 300,000 people homeless in the Greater Beirut area. The United Nations is mobilizing assistance to support the ongoing government-led emergency response. (OCHA, 5 Aug 2020)

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Cameroon: Floods - Aug 2020

Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Cameroon
Glide: FL-2020-000195-CMR

Heavy rainfall in Mayo-Danay division, Far North region, at the end of July has caused widespread flooding in seven districts. According to the Cameroonian Red Cross, 5,553 people, including 1,260 children under five years old and 407 individuals with special needs have lost their shelter, personal belongings, livestock and field crops. The Cameroonian Red Cross has provided empty bags to build small dykes to prevent further damages, but the assistance capacity is insufficient because of the absence of humanitarian organizations in the division. More rain is forecasted and further floods expected across the Logone river. (OCHA, 19 Aug 2020)

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Sudan: Floods - Jul 2020

Wed, 29 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Sudan
Glide: FL-2020-000176-SDN

Heavy rains in Sudan have intensified over the past week, causing flooding, destruction of infrastructure, houses and livelihoods, and leading to displacement in multiple locations across the country. Khartoum, Blue Nile and River Nile are amongst the most affected states. Floods have also led to damages and affected people in other regions, including El Gezira, West Kordofan and South Darfur. In the Blue Nile State, the state with highest number of people affected so far, the Bout Earth Dam, in Tadamon locality, exceeded its full capacity and collapsed, following the strong rainfall received on 29 July. At least 12 neighbourhoods downstream in Bout Town were flooded due the incident, affecting around 3,900 people. Most of them were rendered homeless and are now sheltering with host families, as nearly 190 houses were destroyed and 590 damaged, according to Government’s Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC). More houses are expected to collapse, as the rains continue in a zone where the land is already extremely wet. (OCHA, 3 Aug 2020).

Heavy rain continues to affect 14 of the 18 States, causing widespread floods and leading to an increasing number of casualties and damage. According to UN OCHA, at least 1,100 people have been displaced (600 in North Darfur, and 500 in White Nile State) and more than 50,000 people affected. In addition, media report 10 deaths, 3 injured and more than 3,000 houses destroyed or damaged. National authorities and humanitarian partners are monitoring the situation and are providing relief to those affected. For the next 24 hours, more heavy rain is expected across southern States. Sudan's Meteorological Authority has warned that more heavy rain is expected over August and September, which risks leading to further flooding and displacement. (ECHO, 7 Aug 2020)

An estimated 125,000 refugees and internally displaced people have been affected in total, particularly in East Sudan, White Nile, Darfur and Khartoum, many in urgent need of shelter and other emergency assistance. Rains have been particularly heavy in North Darfur, leaving an estimated 35,000 IDPs, locals and refugees in need of help, and where 15 people have tragically died and a further 23 gone missing. (UNHCR, 1 Sep 2020)

As of 8 September, [there were] nearly 100 fatalities, 46 injured people, thousands of people displaced (and many of them sheltered in schools), and over 100,000 houses destroyed or damaged across the aforementioned States. Since mid-July, around 506,000 people have been affected across 17 States (out of 18), with more than 110,000 of them during the first week of September. In the Khartoum State around 100,000 people are currently in need of urgent shelters, household supplies, clean water, sanitation, and health services. Over the next 24 hours, moderate rain is forecast over south-west and south-east Sudan, with locally heavy rain over central North Kordofan State. (ECHO, 9 Sep 2020)

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Georgia: Floods - Jul 2020

Wed, 29 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Georgia
Glide: FL-2020-000175-GEO

On 29 July, heavy rain affected RachaLechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Guria and Imereti Regions of Georgia, mainly Oni Municipality, Lanchkhuti Municipality, and Kutaisi city. On 3 August, heavy rain affected Lagodekhi Municipality, Kakheti Region as well. As a result of the heavy rains, several villages in Oni Municipality are isolated from the outside world - infrastructure, such as roads and bridges connecting the villages, riverbank protections, as well as agricultural lands and fruit trees have been destroyed. The rain (approx. 125mm) suddenly started which caused serious damages in the Municipalities. Through 29-30 July, as well as on 4 August, the Local Government of the affected Municipalities officially approached the Georgia Red Cross Society with the request to support the affected population with the distribution of basic food and hygiene kits. The items will be delivered to the isolated villages by helicopter of the National Authorities. Besides the damages mentioned above; yards, entrances, basements and first floors of many houses and buildings have been flooded in affected Municipalities. Three houses have been totally destroyed in Lanchkhuti Municipality (Guria Region). All three families were evacuated, and the local Government provided temporary shelter/houses to them. (IFRC, 12 Aug 2020)

On 21 August, heavy rains caused flooding in Lentekhi Municipality, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti Region. Five villages (Durashi, Esieri, Sakdari, Mutsdi and Tvibi), 55 families are isolated from the outside world. Flooded rivers - Mukhra and Cholshura, destroyed the bridges. Houses, agricultural lands are also flooded. This region is the same that is targeted by the already ongoing IFRC operation, but the rain affected another Municipality this time. On 23 August, heavy rain caused flooding in Imereti – Kutaisi and Tskaltubo Municipalities, Kakheti region-Lagodekhi and Sagarejo Municipalities and Adjara Autonomous Republic - Batumi. First floors and basements of the houses are flooded and roads are destroyed. The Government is currently evaluating and calculating the damage caused by the disaster. Currently no water contamination is reported in the communities as the government was actively working to repair the damaged water pipes. Currently there is no risk of disease spread in the affected communities. (IFRC, 31 Aug 2020)

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Nigeria: Floods - Jul 2020

Sat, 25 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Nigeria
Glide: FL-2020-000196-NGA

Heavy rains on 2 August in an IDP camp in Bama LGA partially damaged or destroyed at least 475 shelters, affecting some 2,481 IDPs. The rains, which lasted four hours the day before, left areas of the camp submerged in water. Food stocks and non-food items such as mats, children’s learning materials and clothing were also damaged or destroyed. Humanitarian partners conducted a rapid assessment on 3 August, as well as relocated 96 shelters to dry land and deployed 20 trucks of sand to reinforce shelters and fill sandbags to hold back the flood waters. The Nigerian Hydrological Services Agency warned that severe flooding would affect most parts of the country throughout August and September. Partners have been prepositioning food and other items to mitigate the effects of the rainy season in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states. Several camps, such as the one flooded in Bama town, started as spontaneous settlements in flood-prone areas. Humanitarian partners are advocating for land to be allocated to relocate some of these camps. (OCHA, 11 Aug 2020)

On 5-6 September, heavy rain and associated flooding affected Kano State (northern Nigeria), leading to fatalities, displaced people and damage. Media report that 2 people died and more than 5,000 houses were destroyed in Danbatta Area, 2 fatalities and over 200 damaged houses occurred in Rogo Area. Flooding was reported across more than 20 Local Government Areas of Kano State, and a number of people have been displaced. Recent flooding across Jigawa, Kano, Kebbi and Sokoto States in northern Nigeria have caused around 30 fatalities and damage to thousands of homes and crop fields. Moderate to heavy rain is forecast over central and northern Nigeria on 7-8 September. (ECHO, 8 Sep 2020)

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Myanmar: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2020

Thu, 23 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Myanmar
Glide: FL-2020-000172-MMR

Floods have affected at least 14 IDP sites and townships in Rakhine State since 17 June. According to Camp Management Committees, rising waters have submerged shelter and latrines in Taung Paw IDP camp in Myebon Township, and Kyauk Ta Lone camp in Kyaukpyu Township. Both camps together host around 4,000 IDPs. Floods have also affected the Rat Chaung camp in Myebon Township hosting some 400 IDPs and Mya Ta Zaung camp in Mrauk U Township hosting 1,100 people. Elderly people, children and pregnant women in the Rat Chaung have reportedly been evacuated to a nearby monastery. Ahead of the monsoon season, OCHA and partners have prepared a contingency plan and stock list in support of the Rakhine State Government. - (OCHA, 23 Jun 2020)

A total of 4,000 households of 20,000 people in Mandalay are affected by the rapid onset flood that was caused by a broken geological sedimentary dike on 19 July 2020. The villages in rural area of Amarapura experience flooding from time to time due to its proximity to Ayeyarwady River that rises during heavy rains. However, in July 2020, the water level of Ayeyarwady River has risen to emergency level especially in Amarapura township. The flood situation worsened when a dike broke near Sagaing-Mandalay Highway on evening of 19 July 2020. The event caused a sudden rise of water level downstream in nearby township and villages. About 200 household were immediately evacuated in response to this. (IFRC, 27 Jul 2020)

According to the Department of Disaster Management (DDM), over 25,000 people have been displaced due to floods in Mandalay, Magway and Sagaing regions, and Kachin State. In Kachin state, nearly 7,750 people in nine townships were displaced between 11 and 27 July. 46 temporary shelters currently host around 6,650 people, while only few have been able to return to their homes. On 19 July, a dyke breach in Mandalay region affected some 16,000 people. Temporary shelters for the displaced population have been set up in Amarapura Township, in the southern part of Mandalay city. DDM is providing cash and food assistance, while humanitarian partners are providing hygiene parcels and masks. (OCHA, 29 Jul 2020)

On 30 July, more widespread floods due to the overflow of the Ayeyarwady River in Sagaing Region resulted in more casualties and prompted the evacuation of 6,500 more people from 1.5K households. As of 02 Aug, a total of 63,500 people have been affected by floods in Kachin, Sagaing, Magway, Mandalay, and Bago, Myanmar. (AHA Centre, 3 Aug 2020)

According to Department of Disaster Management (DDM), widespread floods is still affecting multiple regions in Myanmar. These floods are due to the overflow of the Ayeyarwady and the Thanlyin Rivers. At least 21,500 people are reportedly still affected. The DDM has been actively responding, providing relief items to those affected. According to the Myanmar Department of Meteorology and Hydrology (DMH), rain or thundershowers will be widespread in Kachin and Shan states and fairly widespread in Chin state. (AHA Centre, 30 Aug 2020)

Heavy rain caused floods and triggered a landslide on 16 September in Mogok City (Mandalay Region, central Myanmar). According to media, 4 people died following a landslide event, 24 houses were destroyed and several families have been displaced. Heavy rain caused the overflow of Yay Ni Creek. (ECHO, 18 Sep 2020)

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Niger: Floods - Jul 2020

Tue, 21 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Niger
Glide: FL-2020-000190-NER

On 21 July, authorities reported that heavy rainfall since June had affected 20,174 people and left nine dead. The most affected regions are Maradi and Tahoua, in the west, with respectively 13,667 and 4,173 people affected. About 2,244 houses have collapsed and 713 ruminants died. Local authorities in Maradi have provided food and Non-food items to over 2,000 most vulnerable people in Oli Mamane Doutchi village, Bermo commune. According to a floods preparedness plan established by the Ministry of Humanitarian Action and Disaster Management in collaboration with partners, an estimated 220,000 people could be affected by floods during the current rainy season. (OCHA, 28 Jul 2020)

Heavy rains and subsequent floods have hit several parts of the country in recent weeks. According to the Ministry of Humanitarian Affairs, 14 people have died, 3 417 houses destroyed and 35 360 people have been affected, had their livestock killed, or their lands devastated. The government of Niger, together with international humanitarian actors, are supporting the most pressing needs in food, shelter and non food items. Over the coming weeks, more heavy rains are expected that could exacerbate the precarious situation of those already affected. (ECHO, 6 Aug 2020)

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Nepal: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2020

Fri, 03 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Nepal
Glide: FL-2020-000165-NPL

On 3-4 July, heavy rain triggered several landslides across central and western Nepal, resulting in at least 8 fatalities and extensive damage. On 3 July, a landslide occurred in Gulmi District (Province No. 5) killing 2 people and leaving 3 others missing. In addition, 3 people were injured, and 48 families have been displaced after several landslides occurred in Gulmi. On 4 July, a landslide event in Bajhang (Sudurpashchim Pradesh Province), left 6 people dead and one person missing. At least 400 citizens have been displaced. ECHO, 06 July 2020

The monsoon rain in different parts of the country since the last week of June have triggered flooding and landslides in many parts of the country. However, the rainfall became more intense from the night of 8 July 2020. The Nepal Department of Hydrology and Meteorology has predicted that rainfall will be further intensified from 12 to 14 July 2020 with increased water flow and current in rivers resulting in possible landslide and flooding. As of 11 July 2020, 54 people have lost their lives, mostly due to landslide in hilly districts, with at least another 54 missing. On 10 July alone, 23 people lost their lives due to landslides and floods in Myagdi, Lamjung, Kaski, Rukum West, Jajarkot and Gulmi districts. According to the NRCS situation report as of 11 July 2020, 412 families have been displaced in various districts and some 141 houses are fully destroyed. There are crucial needs for tarpaulins and food items in the affected districts. In addition, in case if there is possible inundation in the terai region due to the excessive rainfall, there is a high risk of waterborne disease outbreaks. (IFRC, 12 Jul 2020)

Following widespread floods and landslides triggered by monsoon rain that has been affecting several Districts of the country since the last week of June, the number of casualties and damage is increasing. The worst-hit Districts are Parbat, Lamjung, Gorkha, Kalikot, Syangaja, Gulmi, Bajhang, Darchula, Bajura, Sindhupalchok, Kasi, Myagdi and Jajarkot. According to the last report of the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Authority, as of 12 July, 82 people died, at least 40 are missing and 77 were injured. In addition, 603 families have been displaced, 1,199 affected and approximately 532 houses destroyed or damaged. The Nepal Disaster Risk Reduction Portal reports 74 landslides and 15 flood events over the last week. (ECHO, 13 Jul 2020)

Several provinces in Nepal have experienced flooding and landslides since 9 July as a result of heavy monsoon rains. As of 14 July, 46 people are known to have died with a further 63 people missing and 85 injured. More than 1,500 families are also reported to have been displaced and at least 400 houses have been completely or partially destroyed. Local and provincial governments, and District Disaster Management Committees are involved in search and rescue and are providing relief assistance. The Nepal Red Cross Society are distributing NFIs to displaced people in affected areas. Heavy rain is forecasted for the next two days with warnings for further flooding, especially in Provinces 1 and 2. (OCHA, 14 Jul 2020)

As of 15 July, the Disaster Risk Reduction Authority in Nepal (DRR) reports, 116 fatalities and 50 missing people. At least 138 citizens were injured and about 616 families remain affected. According to initial assessment, around 300 houses were damaged. Several communities remain isolated, as the road infrastructure leading to the disaster sites remains blocked by debris, and relief operations have been affected by bad weather. On 15-16 July, light to moderate rain is forecast over most of Nepal and locally heavy rain is expected over Province 1, Gandaki Province, Karnali Province, and Sudur Pashchim Province. (ECHO, 15 Jul 2020)

As of 16 July, at least 101 people are reported to have died, about 53 people are missing, and at least 96 people have been injured. (OCHA, 17 Jul 2020)

Monsoon rains have resulted in flooding and landslides in several municipalities across the country. Access remains the biggest challenge as many of the remote areas affected by landslides are only accessible with helicopters at present. Another key issue is the depletion of PPE supplies, in particular masks, and the need to ensure minimum availability of protective equipment for ‘frontline workers’. With further rains and flooding possible, the HCT is discussing monsoon preparedness and scaling up coordination via the respective provincial-level focal points. (OCHA, 21 Jul 2020)

Since 27 July, widespread landslides triggered by heavy rain occurred in several Provinces of the country (Provinces No. 1 and No. 5, Sudurpashchim, Gandaki Pradesh, Gandaki, Karnali and Bagmati Pradesh), resulting in casualties and damage. According to the national authorities, 12 people died, 11 were injured, 40 families were affected and 17 houses damaged. For the next 24 hours, heavy rain is expected over most parts of the country, particularly across central and western Provinces. (ECHO, 29 Jul 2020)

The incessant rainfall from 28 July in Kailali district caused inundation which has affected hundreds of households. As of 29 July, 141 people have lost their lives, mostly due to landslide in hilly districts, with at least another 57 missing. According to NRCS’s situation report as of 30 July, 15,307 families (76,535 people) have been affected in various districts and 7,106 families (35,530 people) have been displaced. (IFRC, 31 Jul 2020)

Nineteen people are confirmed to have died following the landslide in Jugal Rural Municipality (Sindhupalchok district, north-east Nepal) on 14 August.According to the Nepal Disaster Risk Reduction Portal, 20 people are missing, 5 are injured and 38 families have been affected. Fifteen landslides have occurred across the country in the last week. Moderate to heavy rain is forecast over the next 24 hours in most parts of the country, particularly central and north-eastern provinces. (ECHO, 17 Aug 2020)

Monsoon rainfall continues to trigger flooding and landslides across the country. 22 people have died and 18 people remain missing following a landslide triggered by heavy rain that struck several mountain villages in northeast Nepal on 14 August. Ongoing search and rescue operations are complicated by continuous rainfall and mudslides in the affected areas. According to the Nepal Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA), floods and landslides have caused 196 deaths and injured 188 people so far in 2020. (OCHA, 19 Aug 2020)

On 19 August, 6 people died following a flood in Achhaam District, 11 are missing and 22 houses have been flooded. According to the Nepal Disaster Risk Reduction Portal, as of 21 August, 249 people have died as a result of Monsoon-induced floods, flash floods, heavy rain and landslides since the beginning of the season. (ECHO, 21 Aug 2020)

Two landslides triggered by the monsoon rains occurred in Kalikot District (Karnali Province, north-western Nepal) between 30-31 August, leading to casualties and damage. According to the Nepal Disaster Risk Reduction Portal, as of 1 September, 11 people have died, two have been injured, six families have been affected and four houses damaged. During this monsoon season, 245 people have died following landslide events. (ECHO, 1 Sep 2020)

At least 14 people died and 41 people have gone missing from a massive landslide and flood that occurred on 3 September in Bhobang of Dhorpatan Municipality-9 in Baglung district. The landslides and flood have washed as many as 40 houses from 3 settlements. The landslides have also washed a health post, buildings of 2 primary schools, 3 micro hydroelectric plants, many drinking water spouts and number of suspension bridges. (ECHO, 4 Sep 2020)

Landslides triggered by heavy rain have killed 11 people and 20 people have gone missing in Ghumthang of Barhabise Municipality in Sindhupalchowk. According to the Red Cross, 210 households have been affected with 71 households displaced by the landslides. Local municipalities along with Red Cross have provided immediate relief items to those displaced. During present year, in Sindhupalchowk district, 48 people have been killed, 29 people have gone missing, 1,400 households have been affected and 940 households have been displaced by landslides. Scientists have warned of increased landslides in the district due to weakened landmass by the 2015 earthquake. Sindhupalchowk district was one of the most affected districts by the 2015 earthquake. (ECHO, 14 Sep 2020)

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Bangladesh: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2020

Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000

Affected country: Bangladesh
Glide: FL-2020-000161-BGD

Monsoon rainfall and onrush of water from hilly areas upstream have inundated districts in the northern and eastern areas of Bangladesh, causing extensive damage. Thousands of people in 7 districts of the country are marooned or displaced, and their homes flooded. Media report over 164,000 people marooned across Jamalpur District and Rangpur Division. On 30 June, the river water levels were above danger in 14 locations across the country. International humanitarian organizations are assisting the national government with preparedness measures, while relief items have been distributed to the affected communities. On 1-2 July, rainfalls and thunderstorms are forecast over north and east Bangladesh. Water levels are expected to rise further over the coming days (ECHO, 1 Jul 2020)

According to the Bangladesh Meteorological Department (BMD), due to strong monsoon, steep pressure gradient lies over the North Bay of Bengal. Maritime ports have been advised to host local cautionary signal No 3. Due to its influence moderately heavy to very heavy falls are likely to occur at many places all over the country. The National Disaster Response Coordination Centre (NDRCC) of Bangladesh reports that on 5 July, more than 15 districts are affected with a case load of 356,451 households representing more than 1.5 million people in these districts. (ECHO, 6 Jul 2020)

Earlier, during the last week of June 2020, BDRCS based on the forecast, has activated its Early Action Protocol (EAP) to support 3,800 households in three districts which have more than 25 per cent of household assets damaged. After showing a slight improvement last week, the flood situation has deteriorated again as major rivers in the country are flowing above the danger level. According to the current forecast, this flood has 50 per cent chances to cross 1 in 10 years on 21 July. Thousands of people in low-lying areas are witnessing the second phase of floods this season due to rise of water levels of major rivers in the country. (IFRC, 13 Jul 2020)

Over a million people were marooned in dozens of villages from 10 to 11 July 2020 as roaring rivers swept away embankments in the districts where some of the embankments were already under water since 26 June. Thousands of people are expected to leave their homes throughout the beginning of this week to seek shelter in higher grounds as the Water Development Board warned that the onrush of water from upstream would further intensify. (IFRC, 13 Jul 2020)

Monsoon rainfall and onrush of water from hilly areas upstream have inundated districts in the northern and eastern areas of Bangladesh, causing extensive damage. The situation is still evolving and yet to reach its peak. The National Disaster Response Coordination Centre (NDRCC) of Bangladesh reported that as of 13 July more than 15 districts with some 1.3 million people are affected. NDRCC also informed that more than 280,000 people are marooned in flood water. On 11 July, the final activation trigger for the Anticipatory Action Pilot 2020 was reached, initiating cash assistance, interventions to support food security and agriculture, and ensure continued access to lifesaving SRHR, GBV and PSS services. (OCHA, 14 Jul 2020)

As of 16 July, a total of 2,246,472 people in 18 districts are affected by fresh floods, and six people have died. Total 1,086 flood shelters are opened in 18 districts and 55,930 people have taken refuge there. New flooding areas in Nilphamari, Jamalpur, Kurigram, Lalmonirhat, Sylhet, Sunamganj, Natore, Gaibandha, Bogra, Netrokona, Feni, Habiganj, and Sirajganj were inundated further due to overflow of major rivers on 13 July. As the flood inundated many low-lying areas in northern and north-eastern regions over the past few days, marooned people have set up basic shelter on embankments, roads, highland and flood centres with their domestic animal and valuables. (IFRC, 17 Jul 2020)

According to National Disaster Response Coordination Center (NDRCC) report issued on July 17, 18 districts (Lalmonirhat, Kurigram, Gaibandha, Nilphamari, Naogaon, Rangpur, Sirajganj, Bogra, Jamalpur, Tangail, Netrokona, Rajbari, Faridpur, Madaripur, Manikganj, Feni, Sunamganj, Sylhet) of Northern, NorthEastern and South-Eastern Bangladesh are most affected due to continuation of weeklong monsoon rains in the upstream regions and throughout the country. The flood situation is currently worsening in those districts where roads are cut off and hundreds of thousands of people are stranded. NDRCC preliminary report inform that 2.4 million people are affected in the 18 district and 548,816 families lost their houses. (UNRC, 18 Jul 2020)

Flooding in Bangladesh continues to grow more severe, with about 1.4 million people currently affected. Current estimates indicate that nearly half of all districts in the country will be affected in the coming weeks. (OCHA, 17 Jul 2020)

Monsoon rain continues to hit Bangladesh. According to media, the number of fatalities has reached 67. Thousands of people in low-lying areas are affected by flood or landslide events. Approximately 56,000 people were displaced to 1,086 flood shelters across 18 Districts. Road communication in some areas was damaged by floods, isolating several sub-districts. According to Flood Forecasting and Warning Centre (FFWC), the water level of major river basins is at severe flood risk in at least 3 localities, and at flood risk in 17 points across the country. Flood situation is likely worsen over north-west and central Bangladesh in the coming days, until the end of July. (ECHO, 20 Jul 2020)

According to the National Disaster Response Coordination Center (NDRCC), 2.4 million people are reportedly affected, and over 548,000 families had their homes flooded or water-logged. Flood protection infrastructures such as embankments and dykes are already damaged. The COVID-19 pandemic context creates further challenges to disaster response and recovery efforts as measures such as physical distancing need to be observed in order to minimize the risk of infections among the affected people, especially those in emergency shelters. (OCHA, 21 Jul 2020)

Official authorities reports, as of 25 July, 93 fatalities, around 3.3 million affected people, and around 732,000 waterlogged people across 21 Districts of the country. The worst affected Districts by the flood are the Jamalpur (Mymensingh Division) and the Sunamganj Districts (Sylhet Division). (ECHO, 27 Jul 2020)

As of 28 July, 4.7 million people are affected and 984,819 houses inundated. More than 150,000 ha of paddy fields were damaged, along with thousands of latrines and tube wells. As per the Needs Assessment Working Group report, 24% of the country is inundated, approximately 56,000 people have been displaced in 1,086 flood shelters. Several districts are isolated due to road communication damaged. Over 1,900 schools are damaged, leaving 807,467 children without access to education. (ECHO, 28 Jul 2020)

Heavy monsoon rains in upstream regions continue to cause flooding in 30 districts in the north, north-east and south-east of the country, affecting some 5.4 million people. As of 2 August, 135 deaths, mostly as a result of drowning, have been reported. Flooding has damaged houses, dykes and embankments, water sources, hygiene facilities, and has severely impacted livelihoods, especially in the agricultural sector. Access to basic services such as health care and education have been disrupted. Humanitarian partners continue to respond the needs of affected people in coordination with the Government of Bangladesh. (OCHA, 4 Aug 2020)

According to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) the ongoing floods resulted in over 220 deaths so far. More than 1.27 million houses have been partially or fully damaged by the floods and over 167,000 families remain displaced. In addition, over 170,000 hectares of agricultural land have been affected. While flood waters are receding in some areas, riverbanks continue to erode and pose risks to surrounding communities. (OCHA, 19 Aug 2020)

Heay rain and gusty winds over the Rohingya refugee camps in Cox’s Bazar this week have affected 10,117 people (1,208 households), including 775 displaced people across 34 Rohingya refugee camps in Ukhia and Teknaf. 1,900 shelters were damaged as well as other infrastructure. Flooding has also been reported at the Bangladesh-Myanmar border in Naikhongchhari Upazila of Cox’s Bazar, where thousands of Rohingya refugees remain stranded. The ongoing monsoon and COVID-19 pandemic is exacerbating the suffering of affected refugees. (ECHO, 19 Aug 2020)

101,400 people have been affected in the Rohingya camps in Cox's Bazar, including 8,736 who have been displaced, 41 injured and 14 deaths. (ECHO, 20 Aug 2020)

Flooding due to heavy rains and high tides in low-lying areas of Satkhira districts in Southwest Bangladesh have marooned about 100,000 people. Many houses, fish farms, betel vines and vast tracts of croplands have been damaged. Intermittent heavy rains and gusty winds continue to affect the Rohingya camps in Cox’s Bazar. With 3,490 newly affected in the last 48 hours, the total number of people affected by the 2020 monsoon in the refugee camps has risen to 109,312, while 8,911 are displaced, 41 injured and 14 have died. (ECHO, 24 Aug 2020)

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