ReliefWeb - Disasters
ReliefWeb - Disasters
DR Congo: Meningitis Outbreak - Sep 2021
Wed, 08 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000
The Democratic Republic of the Congo has declared an outbreak of meningitis in the north-eastern Tshopo Province where 261 suspected cases and 129 deaths—a high case fatality ratio of 50%—have been reported. Confirmatory tests carried out by the Institut Pasteur in Paris detected Neisseria meningitidis – one of the most frequent types of bacterial meningitis with the potential to cause large epidemics. (WHO, 8 Sep 2021)
Guinea: Floods - Aug 2021
Mon, 30 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000
On the night of Monday 30th to Tuesday 31st of August 2021, heavy rain fell over most of the country causing flooding in the prefectures of Siguiri, Guéckédou, and the capital Conakry. This situation has affected 69,671 people, with 1,972 homeless people, 21 injured and 5 deaths recorded.
The preliminary assessments indicated that 763 water points destroyed; 103 host families; 21 resettlement sites and 964 latrines destroyed. There are also, huge impacts on agriculture and animal husbandry which have also been recorded. Affected people and the authorities are seeking the support of people of good will and humanitarian organizations. (IFRC, 12 Sep 2021)
Lesotho: Windstorms - Aug 2021
Fri, 27 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000
From 27 to 31 August 2021, Lesotho experienced windstorms which affected several districts across the country. Out of the ten districts, two (Qacha's Nek and Thaba Tseka) were severely affected while the remaining eight districts experienced minor effects of the wind. Soon after the disaster, Lesotho Red Cross Society (LRCS) and the Disaster Management Authority (including stakeholders from the District Disaster Management Team (DDMT) and the National Society) conducted a rapid assessment between the 29 and 31 of August 2021 revealed that in Qacha’s Nek and Thaba Tseka, cumulatively, 510 houses were affected by the storm. Out of the affected households, 162 were destroyed and families have been displaced, currently hosted by neighbours or relatives. The remaining 348 families whose houses were damaged are using undamaged part of the houses, although they have lost their basic household items. In Qacha’s Nek (Sehaba Theebe) 81 family latrines were blown away. [...] The main priorities identified by the LRCS during the initial assessments were emergency shelter, livelihoods and basic needs, WASH and health for the 162 families whose houses and essential food and household items have been destroyed. (IFRC, 13 Sep 2021)
Venezuela: Floods - Aug 2021
Wed, 25 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000
On 23 August, heavy rains were registered due to the passage of the Tropical Wave N°38, which caused floods, landslides, road obstructions, loss of housing, damages to basic services such as water and electricity, among others in ten of the 24 states of the country. As shown in the map above the most affected states include Mérida, Apure, Bolivar, Táchira, Zulia, Delta Amacuro, Carabobo, Yaracuy, Portuguesa, and Sucre. On 25 August, the government declared a 90-day emergency decree for Merida, Apure, Bolivar, Yaracuy, and Zulia.
According to the National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology forecast, the rainy season will continue affecting Venezuela. Official reports state that the damages at national level include: 54,543 people affected; 10 states affected; 85 municipalities affected; 116 routes affected; 10 bridges affected; 79 overflows from different bodies of water; 40 large-scale landslides. (IFRC, 2 Sep 2021)
Iraq: Drought - Aug 2021
Wed, 18 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000
In the region, Euphrates & Tigris rivers are currently experiencing drought conditions, resulting in lower river flow, and affecting dam storage. The current season is the second driest in 40 years. Iraq is anticipating a serious drought this summer following a particularly dry winter and reduced river flow caused by upstream damming programs by riparian countries. Climate change has potential impacts on food security such as reduction in wheat production, decrease in surface water storage, drying of shallower wells due to insufficient groundwater recharge, and an increase in the cost of water. If the dry conditions continue, and the water reservoirs are not replenished, the population will face an acute water shortage for irrigation of the next cropping season. (UNICEF, UNV, 12 Aug 2021)
In Iraq, large swathes of farmland, fisheries, power production and drinking water sources have been depleted of water. In the Ninewa governorate, wheat production is expected to go down by 70 per cent because of the drought, while in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq production is expected to decrease by half. Some families in Anbar who have no access to river water are spending up to USD80 a month on water. (ACTED, et. al., 23 Aug 2021)
Malaysia: Floods - Aug 2021
Tue, 17 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000
Yan, Kedah was faced with a flash flood from the foothill of Mount Jerai (Gunung Jerai). The flash flood happened on Wednesday, 18 August 2021 at 5.30 pm (Local Malaysian Time). The heavy downpour caused water surges and landslides on Gunung Jerai that later hit Yan, Kuala Muda, and Bandar Baharu district in Kedah with muddy flash floods. The surrounding location of Gunung Jerai Resort was severely damaged. Difficulty in road access from the affected flash flood sites hampered the search and rescue of the casualties believed to have drowned and been swept away by the strong current. The flash floods have affected approximately 879 families (4,395 people) in the affected area of Yan district and 86 families (430 people) in Kubang Pasu district. The data collected is based on the district office in Yan and Kuala Muda as of 22 August 2021.
The Government opened two evacuation centres and hosted 43 people for short-term assistance. Currently, the evacuation centres had been closed. Out of 4,825 people affected by the flash flood, only 43 people went to the evacuation centres. People from the affected flash flood villages were hesitant to evacuate to the centres due to the fear of COVID-19 transmission. COVID-19 cases in the Yan district are considered high at the state level. For Yan district, 395 positive COVID-19 cases have been reported, and in Kuala Muda district, figures have reached 6,285 cases. Carrying sediment and large tree trunks, the flash floods impacted nearby houses in the Kampung Pematang Keramat. Most of the houses in this village are 2 km from the primary impact area of the foothill of Gunung Jerai. The affected houses are covered in mud, some with minor damage.
Villages affected by the flash flood were covered with mud and sand on the houses since 18 August 2021. Of the three affected locations, the Yan district is the most affected location. Heavy rains poured a massive volume of water down a stream from Gunung Jerai, sweeping tree trunks and rocks through two km of the surrounding area. The ensuing floods destroyed local village livestock and vegetable farms. Local authorities have confirmed six deaths.
In Kuala Muda district, most areas were covered with muddy water, tree trunks, and large rocks from the side of the river. Despite mud covering houses, flood victims did not report heavy damage. People did, however, report damage to several home appliances and furniture. The walls of a few residences are damaged, smashed by rocks from the nearby river. Most of the houses are built with concrete structures and wood materials.
A river overflowed in Banda Baharu district, as heavy downpour caused pressure on a dam, flooded its water capacity and impacted poor drainage systems. Houses in this district were covered with muddy water with 25 people affected, and local authorities are providing assistance to this district.
In the two districts of Yan and Kuala Muda, flash floods destroyed farmland and plantations. Livestock loss such as chickens, goats, and cows was also reported, which are critical livelihood or safety net assets for the affected. Some farmers reportedly lost harvests due to the flood, which is significant as the rice harvest is due later this month. Kedah state is currently experiencing the third wave of COVID-19, with cases escalating in the last two weeks, reaching 1,538 new cases per day and 24,306 active cases. Kedah state is the seventh highest state with COVID-19 cases in Malaysia, reporting 89,027 cases as of 26 August 2021. In Malaysia, a Movement Control Order (MCO) is still ongoing, and the country has a COVID-19 recovery plan with different phases. Currently, Kedah state still falls under the category of phase 1, where daily cases are still high. (IFRC, 30 Aug 2021)
Heavy rain has been affecting Malaysia, in particular Johor, Sarawak, and Sabah States, since 3 September, causing floods that have resulted in population displacements and damage. In Malaysia, the ASEAN Disaster Information Network (ADINet) reports 255 displaced people, of which 96 in Johor, 84 in Sarawak and 75 more across Sabah. (ECHO, 7 Sep 2021)
Since 15 September, heavy rain has been affecting several areas of Sabah State (northern Borneo Island, Malaysia), causing floods and landslides and leading to casualties. Media report that in Penampang District, at least two people died following a landslide event, and 32 people have been sheltered at an evacuation centre. The most affected areas in Sabah include Kota Kinabalu, Penampang and Putatan - Districts, where floodwater has damaged a number of houses and road sections. (ECHO, 17 Sep 2021)
Niger: Cholera Outbreak - Aug 2021
Mon, 16 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000
As of 16 August 2021, some 845 suspected cases of cholera and 35 related deaths had been reported in the country, according to the Niger Ministry of Health. (UNICEF, 20 Aug 2021)
During a press conference held on 9 August 2021, the Minister of Public Health of Niger officially declared the Cholera epidemic outbreak in the country. As of 16 August 2021, Niger recorded 845 confirmed cases with 35 deaths. Initially located in two regions of the country, (Zinder and Maradi) and National Society’s response was being supported through the regular IFRC’s Country Support Platform (CSP) project with the Global Taskforce on Cholera Control (GTFCC). Unfortunately, the epidemic spread rapidly and by 24 August 2021, the number of confirmed cases had increased to 1,904 with 70 deaths (4% lethality rate). In addition, the scope of the outbreak spread significantly, from two regions to six regions by 24 August, including Maradi, Zinder, Tahoua, Dosso, Niamey and Tillabery. A total of 23 Health districts in these regions have so far reported cases out of which 18 are already managing confirmed cases. Below is a summary presentation of data as of 24 August. (IFRC, 4 Sep 2021)
Haiti: Earthquake - Aug 2021
Sat, 14 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000
On Saturday, 14 August a major 7.2-magnitude earthquake hit Haiti. According to Haiti’s Office for Civil Protection, 227 have died and the figure is sadly expected to increase in the coming hours. Preliminary reports by Haitian Red Cross volunteers and IFRC staff on the ground confirm that the earthquake has caused severe damage to infrastructure, including hospitals, especially in Jérémie and Les Cayes, at the Northern coast of the Southern peninsula of the country. Hospitals and hotels, as well as ports, bridges and routes are reported to have been damaged in Les Cayes and Jérémie, where churches collapsed while the morning mass was being celebrated. Search and rescue activities are concentrated in that area as there may be people trapped in the rubble. (IFRC, 14 Aug 2021)
While preliminary assessments are still in their very early stages, the Haitian Civil Protection General Directorate (DGPC) reports more than 700 collapsed buildings, including hospitals, schools and churches, and 2,410 destroyed homes in the department of Nippes and 1,368 in Grand’Anse, forcing at least 470 people to seek refuge in shelters, with thousands more thought to be displaced. DGPC also reports at least 304 dead and around 1,800 more injured, figures likely to increase significantly in the coming hours and days as more are still missing. (OCHA, 15 Aug 2021)
[...]1,400 people are dead and more than 6,900 others injured, while hundreds more are still missing. According to Haitian Civil Protection, more than 37,300 homes have been destroyed and 46,000 have sustained damages, leaving thousands homeless and creating pressing shelter and WASH needs. [...] The Government and high-ranking UN officials negotiated humanitarian access for a relief convoy to pass through the main road linking the capital Port-au-Prince to the country’s southern peninsula which, up to now, had been blocked by gangs for months, with further convoys set to deliver various supplies.(OCHA, 16 Aug 2021)
The death toll following the earthquake of 14 August has raised to 2,189 people while 332 are still missing, and more than 12,200 have been injured, as reported by the Haitian Civil Protection. At least 52,000 houses have been destroyed and more than 77,000 damaged. On 16 August, DG ECHO mobilised €3 million in emergency humanitarian funding to address the most urgent needs of the affected population. On 16 August, the Government of Haiti sent a request for international assistance to the EU Delegation in Port-au-Prince. France, the Netherlands, Spain and Sweden have already offered in-kind assistance via the Union Civil Protection Mechanism. An EU Civil Protection Team was deployed to support the national authorities and coordinate the incoming EU assistance. The mission will be supported by a Technical Assistance and Support Team from the Swedish Civil Protection (MSB). (ECHO, 20 Aug 2021)
More than two weeks after the devastating 14 August earthquake, humanitarian assistance is now beginning to reach those most in need faster, facilitated by enhanced Government-led coordination and robust efforts to negotiate increased humanitarian access into hard-to reach areas. [...] The combined impact of the earthquake and Tropical Depression Grace have left 650,000 thousand people in need of emergency humanitarian assistance, of which 500,000 are being targeted by UN agencies and humanitarian partners through the activities planned under the recently launched $187.3 million Flash Appeal. Based on an initial impact assessment, the Government estimates that damages from the powerful 7.2-magnitude quake exceed US$1 billion, as national authorities plan a more detailed assessment of damages, losses and post-earthquake needs in collaboration with the tripartite partnership comprised of the UN, the European Union and the World Bank as well as the Inter-American Development Bank. (OCHA, 31 Aug 2021)
More than three weeks after a devastating earthquake hit south-western Haiti, search- and-rescue efforts in the hardest-hit areas have been concluded as of 2 September, with efforts now shifting toward recovery operations as the country looks to pull itself out of yet another crisis. As of 4 September, search-and-rescue crews had extracted dozens of missing people from the rubble, including 16 trapped in a building in Les Cayes and 24 evacuated from Pic Macaya. The conclusive report from the Haitian Civil Protection General Directorate (DGPC) indicates that 329 people are still missing, while 2,248 were killed - including in the Nord- Ouest Department where 2 people died in Bassin Bleu - and 12,763 injured following the powerful 7.2-magnitude quake on 14 August. (OCHA, 7 Sep 2021)
[One month after the earthquake], the speed and efficiency of humanitarian relief operations continue to improve. However, as the Government and partners slowly transition to a recovery and reconstruction phase in many of the affected areas, coordinated efforts to get humanitarian assistance to those most in need continue to be hindered by a deteriorating security situation, restricted humanitarian access and limited communication with hard-to-reach communities, especially in rural areas which were most affected by the earthquake. The conclusive report from the Haitian Civil Protection General Directorate (DGPC) found that rural areas have been much harder hit than urban centres. [...] Despite coordinated efforts by humanitarian partners, many families in the most remote hard-to-reach villages have not received assistance, due in part to persistent access and at times security challenges, as many remote areas are only accessible by motorcycle, on foot, by air or sea. (OCHA, 14 Sep 2021)
Algeria: Wild Fires - Aug 2021
Mon, 09 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000
Wildfires have been affecting the Kabylia Region in northern Algeria since 9 August. More than 70 fires have occurred in 13 prefectures in the north of the country including Tizi-Ouzou, Bouira, Sétif, Khenchela, Guelma, Bejaïa, Bordj Bou Arreridj, Boumerdès, Tiaret, Medea, Tébessa, Blida and Skikda. According to media reports, more than 40 people have died as a result of the fires. The Algerian government has requested assistance from the international community in response to the fires, including through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism on 11 August for two Canadair aircraft to respond to fires in the Tizi Ouzou and Bejaïa regions. According to the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS), the fire risk will remain high to very extreme over the affected area. (ECHO, 11 Aug 2021)
Fires raged in north and north-east of Algeria overnight on Monday 9 August 2021, and throughout Tuesday 10 August 2021, killing at least 69 people including 28 members of the People's National Army deployed as firefighters, rescuing over 100 people in Bejaia and Tizi-Ouzou. The governorates of Tizi-Ouzou, Bouira, Sétif, Khenchela, Guelma, Bejaia, Bordj Bou Arreridj, Boumerdes, Tiaret, Medea, Tebessa, Annaba, Souk Ahras, Ain Defla, Jijel, Batna, Blida and Skikda were affected by the fires. Algeria’s National Meteorology Office forecasted extremely hot weather through 12 August in nearly a dozen wilayas (governorates), including Tizi-Ouzou. The temperature was expected to reach 47 degrees Celsius in those wilayas, which are already suffering from severe water shortages. The Algerian Government mobilized the People’s National Army, dispatched 12 fire engines, and mobilized more than 900 firefighters to put out the fires and protect people and property. (IFRC, 18 Aug 2021)
Central African Republic: Floods - Aug 2021
Sat, 07 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000
On 07 August 2021, torrential rain fell on Bangui and its surroundings from 2 pm to 10 pm. Ten (10) districts of the 6th arrondissement and six (6) of Bimbo were hard hit, as well as cities of Birao and Baoro, affecting a total of about 799 households (3,952 people). To date, there are a total of 721 households affected, i.e. about 3,605 people affected, including 389 men, 527 women, 2,589 children, 41 pregnant women, 151 lactating women, 18 elderly people. Several damages were observed, including 269 houses destroyed, 135 houses partially destroyed, 94 water wells destroyed, 107 latrines destroyed or flooded. (IFRC, 27 Aug 2021)
Tuvalu: Drought - Aug 2021
Sun, 01 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000
Tuvalu is highly reliant on rainfall as the main source of fresh water. There are no rivers on the islands and groundwater is extremely limited ... Rainfall for the last three months in Tuvalu has been at the lowest 25 per cent in historical record, causing the regional Red Cross Red Crescent (RCRC) Early Action Rainfall (EAR) Watch to place Tuvalu at ‘dry warning’ level. Despite the national EAR Watch’s climate outlook forecasting normal rainfall for the coming months, the likelihood of Tuvalu proceeding to serious or severely dry conditions remains high. Preparedness and early actions are advisable given past and future seasonal data. Tuvalu relies almost solely on rainwater for consumption, indicating that continued monitoring and data collection would be of high value, as the situation can deteriorate rapidly.
Tuvalu National Drought Committee (DC) was activated on 5 July, and agreed to meet weekly to provide updates on both thresholds (rainfall received and government water reserves). The Ministry of Public Works established seven water distribution points which have been operational since 12 July on Funafuti, where all households are able to collect six buckets of water (approximately 60 liters per household per day) ... Worthy to note, the 2011 drought resulted in widespread sickness due to a decrease in handwashing, low household water reserves that increased pathogen concentrations, and a switch to untreated or less hygienic water sources. As Tuvalu is in its dry season till October, there is an impressed need to consider the early actions that may be required, and the data needed to implement those early actions, in support of the most affected islands that may face water challenges. (IFRC, 24 Aug 2021)
North Macedonia: Wild Fires - Jul 2021
Fri, 30 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000
Starting from 30 July 2021, the Republic of North Macedonia was hit by a heat wave that resulted in severe fires in several regions in the country. The fires have been raging for 16 days and are still not under control despite the enormous efforts of the state institutions responsible for crisis management as well as the local population. According to forecasts, the extremely hot weather is expected to continue until 25 August.
The hot weather and high temperatures resulted in intensive recurring fires in many regions in the country in the last 12 days. The severe fires in numerous regions resulted in devastation of forests, fertile land, crops and property of the population. One casualty and several injured persons (inhaling smoke) have been reported. Numerous houses as well as other facilities have burnt down and were damaged in many villages.
On 4 August 2021, the Government of the Republic of North Macedonia declared a state of crisis on the whole territory of the country for a period of 30 days. This is the trigger date for this DREF operation. There are still active fires in 3 locations as of 18 August. The situation cannot be predicted and may develop in different directions. The declared emergency situation in the country is currently until 30 August, with a possibility to be prolonged.
The most affected regions are as follows: Strumica, Kochani, Kumanovo, Gevgelija, Valandovo, Bitola and Prilep, Shtip, Berovo, Pehchevo, Delchevo Skopje, Radovish, Ohrid, Kriva Palanka, Veles.
The crisis management system of the country is coordinating efforts to put out the fires and to assist the affected population. Response teams from the Fire Brigade, the Crisis Management Centre, the Directorate for Protection and Rescue, the Army, and the Red Cross of the Republic of North Macedonia are coordinating efforts in the field in order to cope and respond to the crisis situation. However, due to the limited resources of the state for dealing with fires (no air tractors and only two army helicopters available for firefighting), an expansion of wildfires was observed almost on the whole territory of the country.
The Red Cross of the Republic of North Macedonia (RCRNM) with all material and human resources, in frames of its possibilities, is participating in the overall efforts of the state authorities to respond to the crisis situation. The overall Red Cross operation is coordinated by the RCRNM Operational Centre which is responsible for coordination of the activities of the national society with the state authorities and the Red Cross branches. The Head of the RCRNM Operational Centre participates on a daily basis in the coordination meetings of the Centre for Crisis Management in order to coordinate the work of the National Society with the state agencies working in the field on national and local level.
The weather forecast for the forthcoming days is extreme high temperatures with +40°C, which means that the situation with the raging fires would continue during the whole month of August. (IFRC, 20 Aug 2021)
Yemen: Floods - Jul 2021
Wed, 28 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000
Floods have killed at least 14 people over the last few days after unseasonal rainstorms hit the majority of southern governorates. The rains are expected to continue in the coming two days. Local and international humanitarian partners are conducting assessments, but report logistical challenges in reaching those in need due to roads being cut. At least 1,000 households are in need of basic services, including at least 90 families in the Marib area and 400 in Taizz. The assessments and response are being coordinated by the Executive Unit (main point of entry for internally displaced people) and UN OCHA. (ECHO, 28 Jul 2021)
In late July, for the second time this year, torrential rains and widespread flooding hit Yemen, damaging infrastructure, destroying homes and shelters and causing deaths and injuries. Local media has reported that a bridge linking the alMusaimir area of Lahj Governorate with Ta’iz City was damaged. Authorities in Sana’a also reported that operations at several Al-Thawra Hospital units were temporarily suspended due to heavy rains. There were also reports of the authorities in Sana’a dispatching teams to rescue four people in two drowning incidents at Shahak dam in At Tyal District and Sayan dam in Sanhan District. The National Center of Meteorology (NCM) had issued a warning on 25 July of heavy rains andpotential flooding in some areas. Alongside providing initial rapid response, humanitarian partners are conducting assessments in the affected areas to determine the extent of the damage to infrastructure and humanitarian needs. Regional Coordination Teams (RCTs) in collaboration with Clusters in the flood-affected areas are also tallying the figures of the affected people. To facilitate a swift response and to provide inter-sectoral assistance to affected people, humanitarian partners had operationalized a nationwide Flood Preparedness Plan. The plan ensures the continuity of life-saving assistance delivery to affected people and allows for a quick scale-up of the response where necessary. When flooding occurred between mid-April and June this year, partners delivered assistance through the rapid response mechanism and met needs for food, shelter and non-fooditems, health, nutrition, protection and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) assistance, while Camp Coordination Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster partners helped verify figures and continue working on flood mitigation measures at site level. (OCHA, 5 Aug 2021)
As of 12 August, an estimated 13,596 families were reportedly impacted by heavy rainfall and associated flooding across the country. The largest impact on displaced families was reported in Hajjah, Ma'rib, Sana’a, and Ta’iz governorates. Floods were also reported in Al Hodeidah, Al Mahwit, Sana’a City, Al Bayda, Al Maharah, Shabwah, Abyan, Ta’iz, Aden, Lahj, Ad Dali', Ibb, Sa'dah, Hadramawt and the Red Sea coast, reportedly causing losses of life and property. In Ibb Governorate, the main and secondary paved roads, which were overdue for maintenance, have been further damaged by recent heavy rains. Some key roads which have been poorly maintained, including the Ibb-Sana’a road, have sustained damage, affecting civilian movements including by increasing travel time, and adding additional logistical challenges for the movement of humanitarian personnel and supplies. Aid partners have identified a need to consider development interventions to rehabilitate key roads, including the Ibb-Sana’a road. (OCHA, 12 Aug 2021)
Starting in late July and continuing into early August, torrential rains and widespread flooding hit Yemen for the second time this year. Floods damaged public infrastructure, homes and shelters and reportedly caused multiple deaths and injuries. Damage to private property and other structures –including sites hosting internally displaced persons (IDPs), houses, farms, roads, power networks and sewage systems – was reported in one-third of Yemen’s districts – 101 districts – and across 18 governorates. Overall, it is estimated that 34,383 families (about 240,681 individuals) were affected,10,412 of whom need urgent assistance. (OCHA, 5 Sep 2021)
Kazakhstan: Drought - Jul 2021
Tue, 27 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000
In the Republic of Kazakhstan, the heatwave that began in June 2021 in the Southern and Western regions of the country (Kyzylorda, Mangystau and Turkestan provinces) led to record temperatures up to 46.5℃ (recorded on 7 July) in the area with a baseline average of 28.3℃.
This has seriously affected the main livestock farms. According to the local meteorological service "Kazhydromet", the influx of hot and dry air masses from the region of Iran preserves abnormally hot weather on the territory of most of the Republic of Kazakhstan. According to the data provided by the Global Drought Observatory (GDO), a high risk of drought and arid conditions are observed in several regions of the country (Mangystau, Turkestan, Kyzylorda).
As a result of the abnormally high air temperature in various country regions, rapid runoff of rivers and reservoirs occurs. As a result, the soil dries up to a depth of 50 cm, which causes a lack of vegetation and natural feed on pastures. Due to the impossibility of grazing livestock, the minimum reserves of feed and water are exhausted, which leads to the mass death of animals. To date, the end of more than 2,000 units of livestock has been recorded in the target regions, and this figure is increasing every day. In addition, crops are also being destroyed by the heat, which can potentially2 lead to a major food crisis in several regions of the country, where cattle are a key object of vital activity due to the geographical and climatic features of the southern and western parts of Kazakhstan. The death of livestock and crops in the three regions of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Mangistau, Kyzylorda and Turkestan regions, see Picture 2) causes severe damage to the local population since animal husbandry is the only source of income and constitutes a vital activity. (IFRC, 27 Jul 2021)
Bangladesh: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2021
Tue, 27 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000
On 27 July, heavy monsoon rains in Cox’s Bazar led to slope failures and severe flooding in the Rohingya refugee camps. The Bangladesh Meteorological Department forecast approx. 570mm of accumulated rainfall between 27 – 30 July and issued warnings of heavy rain and risk of landslides. High sea tides continue to hamper rain water discharge through rivers. Volunteers are supporting the evacuation of those affected to safer shelters. Initial reports of thousands affected and 6 casualties have yet to be confirmed. Local authorities and the humanitarian community are preparing to respond. DG ECHO partners have deployed teams to conduct assessments. The floods coincide with a strict lockdown aimed at curbing the spread of COVID-19, which has risen to alarming levels in the country. (ECHO, 28 Jul 2021)
Incessant rains since 27 July have resulted in continued flooding across the Rohingya refugee camps and host communities in Cox's Bazar, claiming 18 lives. According to ISCG, 12,994 refugees in 27 camps have been affected with 5,593 individuals temporarily displaced so far. Local media reported 51,150 affected host community families in 413 flooded villages. At least 480 displaced host community families have been evacuated to cyclone shelters.(ECHO, 29 Jul 2021)
Heavy rainfall and strong winds continue to affect Cox’s Bazar District including the Rohingya refugee camps. According to latest reports, 21 people have died, over 6,100 refugee shelters have been destroyed or damaged, and more than 13,000 refugees have been forced to relocate and are seeking shelter with families or in community facilities.
Hundreds of facilities, including primary health clinics, distribution points, and latrines have been damaged. Humanitarian partners are providing food assistance, non-food items, shelter materials, drinking water, mobile health services, and protection services. UN agencies and humanitarian partners together with community health workers are conducting disease surveillance and are identifying and referring refugees who require medical support. Damaged roads, flooding, and risks of landslides are hindering assessments and response efforts in some of the affected areas. There are concerns that the floods have heightened the risk of water-borne diseases and COVID-19. (OCHA, 03 Aug 2021)
During 2 and 3 August alone, 39 incidents such as flooding, slope failure and windstorms impacted 901 households (3,894 individuals). Drains continued to be cleared and desilting and damage assessment and repairs of camp facilities are an ongoing process. Of the 6,334 damaged shelters, 4,941 were assisted with emergency shelter kits while 1,393 were not eligible for the assistance. Currently five health service points across the affected camps are closed due to flooding while others remain operational. Mobile medical teams are covering these gaps and additional needs. (ISCG, 05 Aug 2021)
Since 27 July, heavy monsoon rains have been lashing Cox’s Bazar district in Bangladesh leading to flash floods, waterlogging and landslides across the Rohingya refugee camp and surrounding Bangladeshi communities. Rains have also impacted segments of the highway leading to the camps. Between the period 27 July-10 August 2021, the total rainfall has been approximately 957mm in Cox’s Bazar. 80,912 refugees were affected, 25,281 refugees were displaced and there were 8 refugee fatalities (5 due to landslides, 2 due to drowning, 1 due to an accident in a well).400 monsoon-related incidents have been recorded in the camps during 26 July-8 August. More than half were related to windstorm, while others largely consisted of flooding and slope failures. (ISCG, 12 Aug 2021)
Between 27 July and 18 August 2021, Cox’s Bazar experienced around 1,048 mm of rainfall. 463 monsoon-related incidents – largely windstorms, slope failures and flooding – have been recorded in the camps. Of the 10,274 damaged shelters, 8,077 were assisted with emergency shelter kits. 75% of the shelters were damaged due to windstorm and the rest were impacted by landslides and flooding. Despite the heavy rains, the COVID-19 vaccination campaign for Rohingya refugees continues unabated with more than 30,000 refugees 55 years and over, vaccinated. (ISCG, 18 Aug 2021)
Between 27 July and 1 September 2021, Cox’s Bazar has experienced over 1,300 mm of rainfall - over 200 mm just between 27-28 August. 542 monsoon-related incidents – largely windstorms, slope failures and flooding -- have been recorded in the camps. Monsoon related incidents have dropped by 83% in the last two weeks when compared with previous weeks. Of the 11,675 damaged shelters verified by partners, 9,133 were assisted with emergency shelter kits while 2,542 households were not eligible for the assistance. 75% of the shelters were damaged due to windstorm and the rest were impacted by landslides and flooding. Refugees are provided with bamboo, tarpaulins, rope, jute bags to help with repairs. (ISCG, 2 Sep 2021)
Heavy rainfall has caused flooding in northern Bangladesh since the last week of August. According to the National Disaster Response Coordination Centre, the most affected districts include Kurigram, Lalmonirhat, Tangail, Rajbari, Sartiatpur and Bogura. More than 40,000 households were affected, 7759 hectares of agricultural land have been damaged, and more than 200 houses have been destroyed, according to Government reports. The Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief has allocated rice and cash support to affected districts, while local and national organizations have provided food relief items to affected families. People have moved to higher ground and temporary shelter remains an urgent need. Rural roads have been inundated, communication has been disrupted, and livelihoods have been affected. As a result of flooding, there are increased concerns of negative coping mechanisms, malnutrition of girls and women, forced labour and child marriage, and issues related to protection and reproductive health. (OCHA, 7 Sep 2021)
Myanmar: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2021
Sun, 25 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000
Widespread floods in southern Myanmar (particularly the States of Kayin and Mon and Tanintharyi Region) since 22 July, has led to casualties and damage. According to media reports, 100 people were evacuated in Kayin State and 3,000 people affected. (ECHO, 28 Jul 2021)
Initial reports indicated that some 3,000 people have reportedly been affected, with 100 households evacuated from their homes in Hlaingbwe Township in Kayin State. In addition, more than 1,400 people in several wards in Myawaddy Town in Kayin State were evacuated to 10 relief camps on 26 July[...] Additional people, whose exact number could not be ascertained, have also been affected in several townships in Mon State, including in Mawlamyine and Ye.
In Rakhine, initial reports indicated that Kalar Chaung Monastery displacement site, hosting about 1,000 [IDPs] in Mrauk-U Township has been flooded on 25 July. This has affected approximately 24 out of 142 shelters within the displacement site. In Maungdaw, Buthidaung and Rathedaung townships, over 600 households in several villages have been affected, while roads connecting communities have been blocked and power supply disrupted in Thandwe Township since 26 July; water levels on the roads have reached up to nine feet. Some 200 households in the township’s affected areas have been evacuated to safer locations by local volunteers; they are expected to return to their places of origin soon. In Kyaukpyu Township, Kyauk Ta Lone IDP camp, at least 27 families have had their temporary shelter damaged, and dozens of sanitation facilities damaged or destroyed due to the floods. The affected people are taking refuge in the higher sections of the camp, hosted by relatives.
Operational partners are currently collaborating with local aid groups and volunteers to better understand the situation and collect information on people’s needs. According to multiple sources, many people in affected locations and other areas where precipitation had been forecasted need support with evacuation. Those who have been evacuated or otherwise affected by floods require assistance in food, emergency shelter, health care and medical supplies, according to initial reports. Local volunteers have managed to evacuate the affected people and have provided initial assistance in terms of food and WASH as well as some COVID-19 awareness raising activities. The response, however, is likely to be impacted by access limitations, including those related to the current COVID-19 prevention measures. (OCHA, 30 Jul 2021)
As of mid-August, an estimated 125,000 people have been affected by flooding, mainly in Kachin, Kayin, Mon, Rakhine and eastern areas of Shan states as well as in Mandalay and Tanintharyi regions, according to local partners. [...] In Kachin State, flash floods and a landslide on 12 August reportedly destroyed at least 15 shelters in Maga Yang camp in Waingmaw Township, which hosts about 1,600 internally displaced people (IDP); one civilian was reportedly killed during the floods. Similarly, several townships in eastern areas of Shan State experienced flash floods and landslides between 11 and 18 August. A local community, three temporary displacement sites and a relocation site in Muse Township, which hosts around 350 displaced families have been affected. Similar incidents took place in Mogoke Township of Mandalay Region in the second week of August, with floods and landslides reportedly killing four persons, including a child, and washing away a number of houses. In Rakhine State, at least 10 villages in Toungup Township have been flooded due to heavy rains on 6 August, affecting some 1,300 houses, a hospital and paddy fields, according to local partners.
Heavy rains and floods have further aggravated an already extremely challenging situation in the south-eastern parts of the country. In Kayin State, at least five townships have been affected. Another nine townships were affected by floods in Mon State, while in Tanintharyi Region, at least three townships have been affected.
Local humanitarian actors, volunteers and communities responded to the needs of affected families, including with organizing temporary shelter for those who had to be evacuated to safer areas. The floods have also damaged crops, and according to initial assessments, at least 2,000 acres of paddy fields in Kyainseikgyi Township in Kayin State have been impacted, with farmers facing difficulties with seeds and expenses to cover replanting of the paddy. An additional 40,000 cultivated land has been affected across different states and regions, according to partners. (OCHA, 27 Aug 2021)
The monsoon weather system is strong and active, and on 24 August, Department of Meteorology and Hydrology (DMH) forecast predicted water levels may exceed the danger level of major rivers and river dams such as Ayeyarwady River and Sittoung River that are currently in critical situation and could have the ability to impact the most at-risk areas. As of 25 August, the Thanlwin River has exceeded the danger zone (see in Annex forecast). There are concerns that the weather system, fluvial floods, and flash floods could cause damage in communities across several regions, particularly in Shan (East), Kayin, Mon, Rakhine, Tanintharyi, Magway, Mandalay, Kachin, Sagaing and Chin regions. Some of these areas have experienced previous devastation by the flood in 2015 and 2017. It is estimated more than 1.6 million vulnerable people are likely to be impacted by sessional monsoon related disasters. DMH forecasts that the monsoon season will continue until October with medium to heavy rainfall and it is likely that Myanmar will experience new floods, in addition to probable increased severity impacts. (IFRC, 1 Sep 2021)
Mongolia: Flash Floods - Jul 2021
Sat, 24 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000
Flash floods have been occurring all around the country at different scales due to prolonged heavy rain fall since 28 June and until the 29 July. The rainfall is averaged to be 46-60 millimetres across the country. The flash floods and heavy rain have severely affected 1,549 households in seven (Arkhangai, Umnugovi, Orkhon, Dornogovi, Govi-Altai, Uvurkhangai, Tuv) provinces. Branch Disaster Response Teams (BDRT) in the affected areas immediately conducted situation, needs and damage assessment on the spot and exchanged information with MRCS headquarters in a timely manner.
According to the situation analysis, Umnugovi province was the most severely affected by torrential rains and devastating flash floods on 24 July. According to the local MRCS branch, the local emergency management agency received 274 rescue calls, while search and rescue operations helped 397 people. No casualties were reported.
Flash flooding damaged electric sub-stations, while parts of Umnugovi capital and Khankhongor, Khanbogd, Gurvantes, Nomgon, Tsogttsetsii counties are still without electricity on 29 July. Currently, 20 staff from the Southern Region Electricity Distribution Network company is working to repair the damaged stations. The heavy rain of 24 July also caused severe flash flooding in Govi-Altai province, where, tragically, five people died, and six households had their gers destroyed.
According to National Agency for Meteorology and Environmental Monitoring, due to heavy rains, most rivers in Mongolia have water levels that are 10-120 centimetres higher than normal, and they are expected to rise even more. (IFRC, 5 Aug 2021)
Tunisia: Wild Fires - Jul 2021
Sat, 24 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000
On Saturday, 24 July 2021, a fire broke out late in the afternoon in the pine forests of Ain Mazer, Sakiet Sidi Youssef district, Kef governorate in the middle-western region of Tunisia. Ain Mazer is a small village located in a rugged area, 18 kilometres from Sakkiet Sidi Youssef’s centre. Its population makes their living primarily through forestry, livestock, and crop farming. Simultaneously, another fire has erupted in Ghar Dimaa delegation, Jendouba Governorate, damaging over 1,500 hectares of Fajj Hessin forests. The fire destroyed 1,000 hectares of pine forest and continued until the evening of 27 July 2021, spreading up to Touiref, another village in the Kef governorate’s northern region. The fire in Touiref destroyed approximately 100 hectares of forest as well as ten homes and farms. (IFRC, 11 Aug 2021)
Panama: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2021
Fri, 23 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000
Since 23 July 2021, heavy rains have been reported in several provinces of Panama, causing severe flooding, especially in the Province of Bocas del Toro (Changuinola; Almirante and Chiriquí Grande), Chiriquí, and NabeBuglé. According to preliminary data from the National Civil Protection System (SINAPROC)2 , 35 communities have been affected. Approximately 5,435 homes have been directly affected, 27,189 people affected, one person dead, and 858 people in collective centers.
All rivers and streams in the province of Bocas del Toro reported their maximum level, causing major flooding and landslides that have caused road blockages and collapse of roads, falling trees, affected and destroyed houses, especially in the areas surrounding the Sixaola River. According to official hydro meteorological data, rainfall accumulations of approximately 300 mm were recorded in the affected areas in the province of Bocas del Toro, as opposed to the rest of the country, where lower rates of accumulation of rainfall volume were recorded. Due to the severity of the floods, on 23 June SINAPROC declared a red alert for the Province of Bocas del Toro and a yellow alert for the Provinces of Chiriqui, Veraguas, Herrera, Los Santos. Colón, Coclé and the Ngäbe-Buglé region. (IFRC, 29 Jul 2021)
Sudan: Floods - Jul 2021
Fri, 23 Jul 2021 00:00:00 +0000
Gedaref State: On 21 July 2021, a flash flood affected Al Fao locality in the Gedaref State due to heavy rainfall in the Al Butanah catchment area. According to reports received over 150 houses in village 16, village 14, Al-Abhath, Haj AlSayed, and Tiako villages have been affected by the flooding. No reports of deaths or injuries have been received so far. The main water source in AlFao town and the electric power sub-station of Al Fao locality are overflooded. In addition, three schools, government offices, and the main market area have been affected by the flash flood. The area remains difficult to access given the flood’s impact on the main road between Gedaref city and Harira village within the Al Fao locality. Currently, the resistance committee is conducting headcounts and more information will be shared soon. There are over 333,800 people living in Al Fao locality of whom over 70,100 people are in crisis and above levels of food security, according to Sudan IPC June 2021.
White Nile State: On 21 July 2021, a flash flood in Um-Rimta locality affected an unknown number of households. The floods cut off the Elobeid road which is the main road connecting White Nile with North Kordofan states. No reports of damage have been received so far. The state-level emergency committee held a meeting on 22 July to discuss the situation and more information will be shared soon. The international NGO Plan International and the Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCs) are present in the locality. According to the 2021 Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview, there are about 176,000 people living in Um-Rimta of whom over 9,200 are under emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of food security and over 27,400 people are under crisis (IPC Phase 3) levels. (OCHA, 23 Jul 2021)
White Nile State: On 25 July 2021, heavy rains hit Alganaa refugee camp in Aj Jabalain locality, White Nile State, affecting 215 refugee households. According to local sources, flooding has affected water sources and latrines, increasing the risk of waterborne disease outbreaks. The rains have also affected road access to the locality. An inter-agency assessment was conducted on 27 July 2021 in Alganaa camp. Roads affected by the rains are being rehabilitated, improving access to the affected areas and allowing for the planned distribution of shelter and nonfood supplies.
Aj Jazirah State: According to local sources, close to 3,500 people (700 families) are surrounded by floodwaters in Al Qurashi locality in Aj Jazirah State. The areas affected are Mogama El-Hilali (300 homes), Kogaila (130 homes), Dar El Salam (98 homes), Darisa (64 homes) and El Oshara (104 homes). According to the report, the area has been experiencing heavy rainfall since 24 July. The Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD)-Climate Prediction and Applications Centre (ICPAC) forecasts the state will receive over 50mm of rainfall in the coming days. (OCHA, 29 Jul 2021)
Heavy rains and flash flooding have so far affected eight out of 18 states across the country affecting over 12,200 people. Homes, infrastructure and farmland have been either damaged or destroyed. Over 800 homes have reportedly been destroyed and over 4,400 homes damaged. States affected include Aj Jazirah, Gedaref, North Kordofan, River Nile, South Darfur, South Kordofan, West Darfur, and White Nile. Assessments are ongoing to confirm the number of people affected and identify their needs. (OCHA, 9 Aug 2021)
West Darfur State: On 18 and 19 August, 3,425 people were affected by heavy rains and flash floods in Al Riyadh IDP camp in Aj Geneina locality, West Darfur State. According to community leaders and initial observations, an unconfirmed number of latrines were either destroyed or damaged. In-depth assessments are planned to confirm the number of people affected and priority needs. Over 5,640 people have been affected by heavy rains and flooding in West Darfur since July 2021. Humanitarian partners have started the distribution of non-food items (NFIs) and provided other humanitarian assistance to the people affected.
Gedaref State: Inter-agency assessments are ongoing in Gedaref to confirm the number of people reported affected by flooding on 11 August. Initial reports indicate that over 4,715 people were affected by heavy rains and flash floods in Al Mafaza town, Abu Rakham and Tunaydbah areas in Al Mafaza locality. According to local sources over 1,200 feddans of farmland have been affected by the flooding. An unconfirmed number of latrines have been damaged, including in health facilities. About 115,000 people live in Al Mafaza locality, of whom about 23 per cent need humanitarian assistance according to the 2021 Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO). Over 30,000 people in Al Mafaza are in crisis and above levels of food security according to the latest IPC report. (OCHA, 24 Aug 2021)
Heavy rains and flooding have affected over 88,000 people in 13 out of Sudan's 18 states since the start of the rainy season in July, according to the Humanitarian Aid Commision (HAC). More than 12,700 homes were damaged and over 4,800 homes destroyed. Most of the families affected by the heavy rain and flooding were forced to shelter with relatives and move to government buildings. (OCHA, 2 Sep 2021)
Between 4 and 6 September 2021, over 61,000 people (12,000 families) were reportedly affected by flooding in 53 villages in White Nile State’s Aj Jabalain locality. This includes 35,000 South Sudanese refugees in Alganaa area, according to findings of an inter-agency multi-sectoral needs assessment carried out on 8 September 2021. (OCHA, 8 Sep 2021)