ReliefWeb - Disasters

ReliefWeb - Disasters

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ReliefWeb - Disasters

Kenya: Cholera Outbreak - Oct 2022

Fri, 25 Nov 2022 11:34:20 +0000

Affected country: Kenya
Glide: EP-2022-000367-KEN

On 19 October 2022, the Kenya Ministry of Health issued a communication to all County Directors of Health on a multi-county cholera outbreak following the isolation of Vibrio cholerae-01 Ogawa serotype at The National Public Health Microbiology Laboratory. The first cases were detected following a wedding festival that was held in Limuru sub-county, Kiambu County on Saturday of 8 October 2022. Additional cases have been linked to another function that was help on 29 October 2022 along Kiambu road. The date of onset for the first cases is 8 October 2022. The outbreak is currently active in seven counties and been controlled in Nakuru and Uasin Gishu Counties. As of 13 November 2022, a total of 568 cases with 281 confirmed (48 cases by culture and 233 by rapid diagnostic test) and 15 deaths (CFR = 2.6%), have been reported so far. The highest caseload has been registered in Machakos county with 215 cases (37.8%), followed by Nairobi County with 155 cases (27.3%), and Kiambu County with 86 cases (15.1%). Among the 15 deaths reported, nine (60.0%) are reported from Nairobi County and Garissa, while Kiambu and Machakos Counties have reported each two deaths so far. In the past one week (week 45), a total of 326 new cases with seven new deaths were reported. (WHO, 25 Nov 2022)

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Panama: Floods - Nov 2022

Wed, 23 Nov 2022 06:55:49 +0000

Affected country: Panama
Glide: FL-2022-000365-PAN

The Pacific coast of central Panama has been affected by flooding due to the overflow of the La Villa, Tonosí, and El Cacao rivers. The National System of Civil Protection (SINAPROC) reports that in Los Santos province, more than 46 families have been evacuated, while in Herrera province, rescue teams have evacuated more than 25 families and approximately 50 houses have been affected. So far, no shelters have been set up in the above-mentioned provinces. Moderate to heavy rainfall with thunderstorms is forecast on 21-22 November over most of Panama, including Los Santos and Herrera provinces. (ECHO, 21 Nov 2022)

Heavy rainfall continues to affect Panama, causing floods and landslides. On 20 November a landslide event occurred in Colón Province (Atlantic coast of central Panama), resulting in two fatalities. On the Pacific coast of central Panama, the humanitarian impact stands at about 70 displaced families across Los Santos and Herrera Provinces. Moderate rainfall is forecast over most of Panama on 23-25 November. (ECHO, 23 Nov 2022)

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Eswatini: Hailstorms - Nov 2022

Tue, 22 Nov 2022 14:02:08 +0000

Affected country: Eswatini
Glide: OT-2022-000361-SWZ

A hailstorm with strong winds and big hail stones was experienced on Saturday 5 November 2022 night, affecting mostly Nsingizini and Nsubane communities under Hosea and Somntongo in the Shiselweni region. The affected communities are in the Lowveld of the country.

An estimated 1,058 people (213 households) were affected by the storm with some families losing their roofs which were blown away or roofing sheets riddled by the hailstones. Window glasses were also shattered and household furniture, food, school uniforms, books, and other documents soaked in water. (IFRC, 22 Nov 2022)

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Indonesia: Earthquake - Nov 2022

Mon, 21 Nov 2022 12:45:02 +0000

Affected country: Indonesia
Glide: EQ-2022-000363-IDN

An earthquake of 5.6 M at a depth of 10 km occurred in West Java Province (Indonesia) on 21 November at 6.21 UTC (13.21 local time). The epicentre of the earthquake was on land, about 10 km south-west of Cianjur Regency (West Java Province). USGS PAGER estimates that up to 242,000 people were exposed to very strong shaking and up to 978,000 people to strong shaking. The earthquake event was felt as well in the Jakarta Capital City, according to media reports. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), two people died and four others sustained injuries in Cianjur. Initial damage estimations report at least seven destroyed houses, two damaged government buildings, three damaged educational facilities, and one damaged place of worship. Warnings for heavy rainfall accompanied by lightning and strong winds have been issued for 21-22 November over West Java, including Cianjur Regency. (ECHO, 21 Nov 2022)

A deadly 5.6-magnitude earthquake struck western Indonesia Monday, killing at least 162 people and injuring hundreds in Cianjur in West Java. Hundreds of structures were destroyed or damaged in the area, where landslides are frequent. Thousands are estimated to have been displaced from their homes, and medical facilities were treating patients outdoors. Search and rescue operations are ongoing. (Direct Relief, 21 Nov 2022)

According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), the number of fatalities reached 271 people while 40 people are still missing, and more than 2,000 have been injured. In addition, 61,908 people have been displaced, while 22,241 houses have been seriously damaged, 11,641 moderately damaged, and 22,090 slightly damaged. (ECHO, 24 Nov 2022)

According to the latest official estimate as of November 24, 100 children under 15 years have lost their lives, making up 37 per cent of the 272 total number of persons killed. Reports indicate that 2,046 persons have been injured, 39 persons are missing ​and 62,882 persons have been displaced. Damage assessments show that 45 schools have been affected in the earthquake area. An estimated 18 students and 5 teachers are reported as casualties, and 267 students and 10 teachers have been injured. (UNICEF, 25 Nov 2022)

As of 27 November, 321 people have been confirmed killed, with 595 people seriously injured and more than 10,000 people slightly injured. The Government has registered 73,874 displaced people (including 92 people with disability, 1,207 pregnant women, and 4,240 elderly people) and more than 62,000 houses were reported damaged at various level of severity. The earthquake also damaged 342 schools and other educational facilities. (OCHA, 28 Nov 2022)

The number of casualties has increased across the West Java Province (Indonesia) due to the 5.6M earthquake at a depth of 10 km that occurred on 21 November at 6.21 UTC in Cianjur Regency. The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reports, as of 29 November, 327 fatalities, 13 people still missing, 68 injured people currently hospitalised in Cianjur Town regional hospital and a total of approximately 108,700 evacuated people across several evacuation points. (ECHO, 30 Nov 2022)

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Nepal: Earthquake - Nov 2022

Mon, 21 Nov 2022 00:47:45 +0000

Affected country: Nepal
Glide: EQ-2022-000358-NPL

On the early morning of 9 November 2022, an earthquake of 6.6 magnitude struck Doti district in the far western part of Nepal. According to reports, the epicentre was in Khaptad Chhanna Rural Municipality of Doti District. The shockwas felt strongly in the adjoining district, as well as in some parts of India. According to data from the Government of Nepal, six people were killed and eight were injured. In the evening of 12 November, another strong earthquake was felt in Bajhang district. As of 14 November, affected people are living in the open and are in urgent need of emergency shelter, as well as improved access to water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH), psychosocial support (PSS), and protection services. (IFRC, 18 Nov 2022)

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Saint Lucia: Flash Floods - Nov 2022

Sun, 20 Nov 2022 03:08:51 +0000

Affected country: Saint Lucia
Glide: FL-2022-000362-LCA

On 6 November 2022, heavy rains associated with an upper-level trough caused widespread flooding and landslides in a number of communities in the north of St Lucia. Nearly 200 families have been displaced from the flooding. Whilst some displaced persons are with families and friends, a number of affected persons continue to occupy the impacted residences. Approximately 5,500 people overall have been impacted across the communities of Corinth, Bois drorange, and Grande Riviere in Gros Islet District, as well as isolated cases in other districts. (IFRC, 19 Nov 2022)

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Togo: Floods - Oct 2022

Thu, 10 Nov 2022 03:43:19 +0000

Affected country: Togo
Glide: FL-2022-000351-TGO

Since October, heavy rains have poured down on the northern part of Togo (savannah region), causing overflowing water in communities and pockets of rain flooding in some areas. Three out of the seven prefectures in the Savannah region are seriously affected by flooding, namely the prefectures of Oti, Oti-Sud and Kpendjal.

This rainfall recorded from the northern zone and the rest of the country has spilled into the Mono River through the various affluent rivers. The Nangbéto dam is found on River Mono in the Maritime Region. On 17 October 2022, uninterrupted heavy rains in the Maritime Region caused an exponential rise in water levels and a spike in the dam’s water level. As from mid-October, Nangbéto dam officials reported that the water retention capacity had already been exceeded while forecasts predicted intense rainfalls in the coming days. On 17 October, River Mono, into which all the water from the northern region empty themselves, overflowed its banks. Dam officials were compelled to release waters to avoid dam failure and greater damages. This incident increased water levels in various streams especially in the Yoto, bas Mono and Lacs prefectures.

These widespread increases in the water level in communities destroyed crops in farms, affecting several hectares of rice, maize, soya, and beans. Floods also filled farm roads and caused material damage. Prominent among the material damage is the destruction of huts, flooding of schools and extensive livestock losses. On 25 October 2022, Togo’s National Disaster Prevention Agency (ANPC) released information collected in the Savanes and Maritime Regions, showing that over 18,596 people have been affected in the 2 regions. Inventories carried out so far by the ANPC and the Togolese Red Cross point to material damage and numerous vulnerable people. Preliminary region-based data show that the Maritime Region has been affected particularly. In fact, this region hosts 90% of those affected given that these people were hard hit by the release of water from the dam. (IFRC, 9 Nov 2022)

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Ethiopia: Floods - Jul 2022

Thu, 03 Nov 2022 07:20:56 +0000

Affected country: Ethiopia
Glide: FL-2022-000356-ETH

Due to the heavy rains recorded in July and August, some regions have been affected by floods in the country. In Gambella, the regional authorities have reported that over half the population (more than 250,0000 people) have been affected by floods across eight of the 14 woredas, including 36,000 children. In addition, 75,000 people, including 10,000 children, have been displaced. The heavy rains in the neighbouring highland areas have also caused flash floods from the Awash River in Afar region, displacing over 70,000 people and causing damage to 59 schools, 21 health facilities, and 36 water supply points/schemes in 10 woredas. In addition, in Amhara, heavy rains have led to flooding and landslides, causing displacement, loss of lives and livelihoods, and damage to infrastructure. According to zonal authorities, flooding and landslides have so far affected over 260,000 people, destroying 51 schools impacting over 16,000 people in Wag Himra, Central Gondar, Oromo special zone and South Wollo zones. (UNICEF, 6 Oct 2022)

In 2022, heavy rains from early August to October caused flooding across 12 woredas and in the regional capital [in Gambella]. At least 185,200 people (37,040 households) were displaced (IDPs) and an additional 79,631 people (15,927 households) were affected. The displaced people are in dire situation, taking refuge in substandard and overcrowded shelters such as schools and health facilities or out in the open air. The IDPs rely on wild plant leaves and roots to fill the food gap. Assessments also revealed that 72 per cent of cropland was damaged (mostly the staple maize) and, on average, eight per cent of livestock have reportedly died, mostly poultry. Destruction of properties and of social infrastructure is also rampant. (OCHA, 24 Oct 2022)

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Hurricane Lisa - Nov 2022

Tue, 01 Nov 2022 03:28:58 +0000

Affected countries: Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico
Glide: TC-2022-000357-BLZ

At 10:30 am on 31 October 2022, the National Emergency Management Organization (NEMO) issued Advisory No. 1 on Tropical Storm Lisa. Tropical Storm Lisa was located near latitude 15.5 N, longitude 77.3 W or about 735 miles East by South of Belize City. Lisa was moving to the West at 12 mph with maximum sustained winds of 40 mph and a minimum central pressure of 1003 mb. The system is forecasted to continue on a general west to west-north-westward track for the next few days with landfall possible on Belize late on Wednesday 2 November night or early Thursday 3 November in the morning. Lisa is expected to strengthen with the potential to make landfall as a category 1 hurricane on Belize. At 12:00 pm on 31 October 2022 the National Hydrological Service released Flood Bulletin No. 1 for Tropical Storm Lisa indicating areas expected to increase to flood stages across the entire country affecting main rivers. At 1:00 pm on 31 October 2022, the Prime Minister of Belize in his capacity as the Chairman of NEMO declared a hurricane watch (RED – 1) for the entire coast of Belize with landfall likely within 36 to 48 hours. (UNCT Belize, OCHA, 1 Nov 2022)

On 2nd November 2022, hurricane Lisa made landfall just south of Belize City as a category 1 storm. [...] The NEMO estimated close to 39 percent affectation rate of the country’s population i.e. approximately 172,000 persons. At the time of the submission of the Initial Situation Assessment (ISA), there were no reported fatalities associated with the storm’s passage. The storm has resulted, however, in the temporary displacement of a large number of persons, with an estimated 5K+ seeking refuge in state managed shelters across the country of Belize. The ISA reports damages primarily to the housing sector which is reflective of the poor housing stock associated with the areas of affectation. An estimated 500 houses have been reported as being completely destroyed, with an additional 5,000 homes suffering from light, medium and heavy damages. The NEMO reports initial damage estimates to the housing sector as being approximately USD$10M with most of this damage recorded within the Belize District. (UNCT Belize, OCHA, 4 Nov 2022)

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Mali: Floods - Sep 2022

Mon, 31 Oct 2022 06:44:17 +0000

Affected country: Mali
Glide: FL-2022-000355-MLI

On 23 September, flooding in Syn village, Mopti region, destroyed over 400 houses and displaced over 3,000 people. Moreover, on 25 September, flooding in Soala village, also in Mopti region, affected about 4,350 people. And in Touara village, Segou region, floods significantly affected inhabitants. Affected people in these villages critically need aid in food, shelter, nutrition, etc. Humanitarian organizations are mobilizing to provide assistance. (OCHA, 28 Sep 2022)

In Mali, heavy rains and flooding have so far affected over 79,000 people, mostly in Tombouctou, Mopti, Koulikoro and Segou regions. Floods have killed 10 people, injured another 12, and destroyed over 8,200 houses there. (OCHA, 10 Nov 2022)

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Tropical Storm Nalgae - Oct 2022

Sat, 29 Oct 2022 15:18:02 +0000

Affected country: Philippines
Glide: TC-2022-000352-PHL

The new tropical cyclone TWENTYSIX (named PAENG in the Philippines), formed over the Philippine Sea, is moving north-west towards the eastern coast of the northern Philippines. On 27 October at 0.00 UTC its centre was located 565 km east of Catarman City, Northern Samar, with maximum sustained winds of 65 km/h (tropical storm). (ECHO, 27 Oct 2022)

Tropical Storm NALGAE (known as Paeng in the Philippines) is moving towards eastern Visayas (central Philippines). On 28 October its centre was located about 310 km east of Samar Island, with maximum sustained winds of 74 km/h. NALGAE is expected to approach eastern Visayas and the south-eastern part of Luzon, and may make landfall in Catanduanes on 28 October, as a Tropical Storm. After that, it is forecast to pass close to Manila on 29 October, with maximum sustained winds up to 100 km/h. (ECHO, 28 Oct 2022)

Severe tropical storm Nalgae (locally named Paeng) has brought heavy rains and strong winds to the Philippines and affected several hundreds of thousands of people, most severe in Regions 5, 6, 8, 12 and BARMM, over 557,000 are affected only in BARMM. At least 170,000 people are taking temporary shelter in and outside evacuation centres. National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) has reported that the storm left at least 45 people dead, injured 33 with 14 missing, due to flash floods and landslides. All numbers are expected to increase. (OCHA, 29 Oct 2022)

More than 2,000,000 people were affected by severe tropical storm Nalgae (locally named Paeng) that made initial landfall in Catanduanes, Bicol region, on 29 October. All seventeen regions were affected by strong winds and heavy rains which has resulted in landslides and over 554 flooding incidents in various areas across the country, although half of which have subsided by now. According to government reports, at least 863,000 people are seeking temporary shelter inside 2,801 evacuation centres or with their friends and family. The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) has reported that least 101 people died (73 confirmed, 28 for validation), 70 were injured and 66 are still missing. (OCHA, 31 Oct 2022)

According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), in the Philippines, the number of casualties has increased, after heavy rainfall and strong winds associated with the passage of NALGAE as a Tropical Cyclone. The Philippines National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reports 121 casualties (of which 61 in BARMM, 29 in Western Visayas, and 12 in CALABARZON), while 36 individuals are missing. More than 100 persons sustained injuries, nearly 869,300 persons have been displaced, and 3.1 Million people were affected. Flooding and landslides caused by heavy rainfall have damaged about 11,300 houses, 141 infrastructure buildings, and 57,000 hectares of cropland. (ECHO, 2 Nov 2022)

The number of casualties continues to increase in the Philippines. The Philippines National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reports 122 fatalities, with 36 people missing. The number of displaced people slightly decreased to 850,000 people, while 3.3 million individuals remain affected. NALGAE made landfall on the evening of 2 November in a coastal area between Hong Kong and Macao as a Tropical Depression, and it continued moving north-westwards over Guangdong Province (southern China). In Hong Kong and Macao, many public services and activities, including education centers have been suspended. (ECHO, 3 Nov 2022)

Following Tropical Storm Nalgae (locally named "Paeng"), the number of fatalities increased to 154 people (most of them in Mindanao, while 35 people are still missing and 128 have been injured, according to the Philippines National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC). In addition, more than one million people have been displaced and more than four million people have been affected. (ECHO, 4 Nov 2022)

As of 5 November, according to reports from the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), 1,209,456 families or 4,230,460 persons were affected in 9,274 barangays in all 17 Regions of the country (Regions NCR, CAR, I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, Caraga, and BARMM). Of the total affected, the highest number of people affected were in Region VI (Aklan, Antique, Capiz, Guimaras, Iloilo and Negros Occidental provinces) totaling to 1,384,686 people or 366,085 families. The second highest was CALABARZON (Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon provinces) affecting total of 713,982 people or 177,899 families. The third highest was BARMM (Maguindanao, Lanao Del Sur, Cotabato City, Basilan, Sulu, Tawi-Tawi provinces) affecting total of 418,753 people or 211,343 families. STS Paeng left a high toll of victims after its passage, mostly because of flooding, landslides, falling of trees and drowning. Total of 155 persons have been reported dead, 129 were injured and 34 reported missing. The highest number of people (65 individuals) reported dead were from the BARMM region. At least 766,879 people (206,934 families) took temporary shelter in 8,907 evacuation centers. Most of the people are returning back to their houses, at present 111,910 people (27,965 families) are still taking temporary shelter in 1,038 evacuation centers. (IFRC, 15 Nov 2022)

As of 28 November, a total of 1,497,340 families or 6,040,012 persons are affected in 11,040 barangays in Regions NCR, CAR, I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, Caraga, and BARMM according to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC). There are 2,873 families or 11,983 persons currently taking temporary shelter in 85 evacuation centers in Regions NCR, I, II, III, CALABARZON, V, VI, VII, IX, XII, and BARMM, and 10,161 families or 50,573 persons temporarily staying with their relatives or friends in Regions CAR, I, II, CALABARZON, IX, and BARMM. (Govt. of the Philippines, 28 Nov 2022)

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Cameroon: Floods - Aug 2022

Wed, 26 Oct 2022 06:54:55 +0000

Affected country: Cameroon
Glide: FL-2022-000349-CMR

Since August 2022, the Far North region has been experiencing flooding in several localities in the MayoDanay, Logone et Chari and Mayo-Tsanaga divisions. These floods are the result of heavy rainfall, the overflowing of rivers and the breaching of dikes. As of 21 September 2022, over 37,000 people were affected by floods with two people killed and more than 95 people injured. More than 9,000 houses were destroyed, about a dozen health facilities and 88 schools were flooded with over 26,615 children deprived of education. More than 2,400 hectares of fields were destroyed, 3,019 livestock were lost, 190 water points and 535 latrines were submerged. Communities were forced to move to safer areas, often in very precarious conditions with difficult access to drinking water, lack of latrines, food, shelters, etc. Access to hard-to-reach areas has been severely hampered by the floods, impacting the timely delivery of nutrition, food, health and protection services. Continued rainfall and rising water levels could cause the remaining dikes along the Logone river and Lake Maga to break, resulting in flooding in several localities. Despite the spontaneous response of local authorities and of the Cameroonian Red Cross, needs remain high, and the funds limited. Under the coordination of OCHA, humanitarian actors in the region are further helping to assess the situation and organizing the support to the ongoing response made by local authorities. (OCHA, 11 Oct 2022)

More than 150,000 people have been affected by flooding resulting from heavy rainfall and river overflow in the Far North region since August. Floods have destroyed over 18,000 homes and at least 27,400 hectares of fields. Water points and latrines were damaged and more than 5,800 cattle lost. School activities were disrupted as more than 126 schools were flooded, affecting more than 38,000 students. Mayo-Danay, Logone et Chari, and Mayo-Tsanaga are the most affected departments. Access to the affected areas is reduced due to flooded roads while the presence of hippos in the waterways discourages travel by boat. Thousands of people have been displaced to areas not affected by the floods with limited access to drinking water, latrines, and food. The majority of displaced people are with host families or in makeshift shelters in the open air. Most urgent needs include shelter, WASH, food, NFIs and healthcare. (ACAPS, 2 Nov 2022)

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Costa Rica: Floods - Oct 2022

Wed, 26 Oct 2022 02:22:56 +0000

Affected country: Costa Rica
Glide: FL-2022-000348-CRI

During the early morning of 8 October, Tropical Storm Julia generated rains in the entire national territory of Costa Rica, particularly in the South Pacific, where effects are reported due to overflowing of rivers and streams. The accumulated rainfall according to the National Meteorological Institute (IMN by its Spanish acronym) exceeded 200 mm in the extreme south of the country. As a result, there are high saturation values in the soils, particularly in the South Zone, North Pacific, and North Zone. The event maintained its influence on the territory, particularly in the South Pacific, and gradually dissipated, as well as in the North Pacific and North Zone, where weather conditions remained.

The heavy rains caused flooding in several areas of the country, mainly in the South Pacific regions. The National Emergency Commission (CNE) counted a total of 379 incidents associated with Hurricane Julia in Costa Rica, with the highest number in Golfito with 212 reports, Osa with 63 incidents and Buenos Aires with 35 reports. In Coto Brus there were 19, in Pérez Zeledón 15, in Corredores seven and in Abangares five. As of 10 October, 19 collective centres were available, where 825 people have been sheltered. 13 of the shelters are located in the Brunca Region with 591 people sheltered, four in the Chorotega region with 224 people, one in the Central Pacific with eight people and one in the Northern Zone with two people. (IFRC, 25 Oct 2022)

On 1 November 2022, according to the Costa Rica National Commission for Risk Prevention and Emergency Attention (CNE as per its acronym in Spanish), more than 1,500 flooding incidents were recorded in the month of October, the highest monthly number in 2022 thus far, with the greatest impacts in the South Pacific and Central Pacific, and particularly in the cantons of Golfito (293), Desamparados (214), Garabito (136), Osa (128), Quepos (119) and Parrita (115). (PAHO, 02 Nov 2022)

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Benin: Floods - Sep 2022

Sat, 22 Oct 2022 03:41:00 +0000

Affected country: Benin
Glide: FL-2022-000332-BEN

Heavy rains fell across some areas in the centre of Benin, with significant rainfall recorded throughout September 2022. Twenty-seven (27) municipalities out of 77 were flooded. Rivers Mono, Oueme and Niger in Benin overflew their banks unprecedentedly. [...] The report shared by the Government states that over 73,000 people have been affected and close to 1,400 houses damaged by the waters, including at least 670 that have been completely destroyed. Significant crop and livestock losses were recorded over thousands of hectares across 22 municipalities. The most hard-hit municipalities are the following: Ouesse, Savalou, Zogbodome, Zagnanado, Tchaourou, Karimama, Dangbo, Bonou, Ze, and Athieme, totalling 71,270 people affected and 1,328 households rendered homeless by the destructions of their homes. (IFRC, 21 Oct 2022)

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Thailand: Floods - Oct 2022

Thu, 20 Oct 2022 00:23:07 +0000

Affected country: Thailand
Glide: FL-2022-000333-THA

Since the start of the current monsoon season, flash floods, floods and overflowing riverbanks have brought accumulated humanitarian impacts to people, mostly in rural areas. Much of the floods were exacerbated by major dams being pushed to their capacities, which resulted in raised river levels downstream through the urgent release of water. (IFRC, 19 Oct 2022)

Floodlist and media reported 13,635 evacuated people, of which 13,135 were in 74 shelters across Ubon Ratchathani Province and 500 more in Lopburi Province. In addition, over 41,300 affected households were reported across the Provinces of Sisaket, Chiang Mai, Tak, Ubon Ratchathani, Nakhon Sawan, Sing Buri, Lopburi, and Nonthaburi. (ECHO, 6 Oct 2022)

The situation has deteriorated since 6 October 2022, a week after typhoon Noru hit Thailand and brought heavy rainfall. [...] According to the Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (DDPM) report on 11 October 2022, flooding occurred in 25 provinces (132 districts, 711 sub-districts, 4,377 villages), with a total of approximately 156,240 households (485,906 people) affected, four deaths and two injuries reported. (IFRC, 19 Oct 2022)

Floods and flash floods caused by heavy rainfall have been affecting the south of Thailand, particularly the six Provinces of Phuket, Phang Nga, Satun, Krabi, Songkhla, and Trang. The ASEAN Disaster Information Network (ADINet) reports nearly 19,500 affected people, and about 4,000 houses impacted by floodwaters. (ECHO, 20 Oct 2022)

The ASEAN Disaster Information Network (ADINet) reports 25,605 affected people and 5,121 damaged houses by floods across five provinces of southern Thailand (Satun, Songkhla, Yala, Trang, Nakhon Si Thammarat). (ECHO, 9 Nov 2022)

Heavy rainfall has been affecting the southernmost Provinces of Thailand (bordering northern Peninsular Malaysia) since 11 November, causing floods and flash floods that have resulted in damage. The ASEAN Disaster Information Network (ADINet) and national authorities report, as of 14 November, a total of approximately 6,670 affected people and more than 2,200 flooded houses across Narathiwat, Pattani, Songkhla, and Yala Provinces. (ECHO, 14 Nov 2022)

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Iran: Earthquake - Oct 2022

Wed, 19 Oct 2022 02:17:33 +0000

Affected country: Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Glide: EQ-2022-000326-IRN

An earthquake of 5.6 M at a depth of 15 km occurred in Khoy County (West Azerbaijan Province, north-west Iran) on 5 October at 00.21 UTC (03.51 local time). The epicentre was located very close to Khoy City, about 65 km east of the border between Iran and eastern Turkey, about 70 km south of the border between Iran and Nakhchivan Region of Azerbaijan, and about 115 south-west of the border between Iran and southern Armenia. USGS PAGER estimates that up to 108,000 people were exposed to very strong shaking and 206,000 people to strong shaking. According to media reports, the earthquake was felt across eastern Turkey, southern Armenia, as well as in Nakhchivan Region of Azerbaijan. In Iran, media report that at least 276 people have been injured across West Azerbaijan Province, and 200 houses have been slightly damaged. (ECHO, 5 Oct 2022)

According to the Iranian Seismological Center, a 5.4 magnitude earthquake has hit Khoy city in Azarbayejan Gharbi province of North-Western of Iran on 5 October 2022 at 03:51 am local time. So far, 42 aftershocks (the biggest one with 4.6 Richter at 17:21 local time has hit the region). The affected area consists of 2 provinces and 8 cities (53 villages) with a total population of approximately 3,195 households (11,288 people). Azarbayejan Gharbi is the most hit province and cities of Khoy, Salmas and Chaypareh are among the most affected cities. Morteza Gholi Kendi is the most hit village located in Khoy City. People in Azarbayejan Sharghi has felt the tremor. [...] According to the Emergency Medical Services (EMS), 1,127 individuals were injured. Some 112 buildings have been totally destroyed, and some infrastructures damaged, such as gas leakage, water pipes and electricity. Cracks on the walls of buildings can be seen primarily in the areas near the epicenter and surrounding villages. 53 villages were assessed rapidly by the IRCS rapid response teams. One person is injured due to rubble and 1,126 persons while escaping their houses. (IFRC, 18 Oct 2022)

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Viet Nam: Floods and Landslides - Oct 2022

Wed, 19 Oct 2022 01:01:56 +0000

Affected country: Viet Nam
Glide: FL-2022-000336-VNM

Heavy rainfall has been affecting parts of Vietnam over the past few days, triggering landslides and leading to casualties and damage. According to the national authorities, at least 800 people in Thuong Hoa Commune (Minh Hoa District, Quang Binh Province) have been affected by landslides as well as 30 households in Kyson District (Nghe An Province). (ECHO, 11 Oct 2022)

On 10-11 October in central Vietnam, floods, and landslides caused two missing people in Quang Ngai Province, while about 2,000 houses in the Province have been flooded. The flooding in Quang Ngai concentrated in Nghia Hanh and Duc Pho Districts, with an average flood level of 0.3 - 0.7m. More than 1,000 people have been reallocated to temporary shelters. (ECHO, 13 Oct 2022)

Vietnam Disaster Management Authority announced a warning on 23 September 2022 that tropical storm NORU would make landfall over middle Vietnam and moved towards Laos and Thailand. The typhoon hit Vietnam on 28th September and weakened to a tropical storm, while bringing severe rainfall successively to the region. During 19:00 on 27 September to 07:00 on 28 September, the Central and Central Highlands regions had heavy to severe rain at 200-300mm in some places [...] The event resulted in death of 2 people, injury to 62 people, collapse of 160 houses, damages to 3,364 houses and 7,346 houses became flooded across 12 provinces. Additionally, 874 ha of rice, 4,445 ha of crops, 3,0440 ha of aquatic product were flooded, 5,372 trees were fallen, 724 cattle, 20,292 poultry died and washed away.

On October 14, the tropical depression that formed in the North of Philippines strengthened into storm SONCA and entered the East Sea of Vietnam. The impact of the storm caused a sudden increase in the number of people affected as an additional 21,537 households were affected between 13-15 October. At the same time, the level of rainfall also reached the threshold of the Viet Nam Red Cross' Early Action Protocol for Floods. This is considered the trigger of the event and need for international assistance.

At dawn on October 15, the storm made landfall in Da Nang - Quang Nam with the wind measured at level 3-4, continued going inland and weakened into a low-pressure area and gradually dissipated. The storm created serious flood in Hue and Da Nang city, which reached 0.5-1.5m depth.

After successively storm surges since the end of September up to 18 October, there were 109,217 households (436,868 people) affected with 19 deaths, and 110 injuries, 89,451 inundated houses, 185 collapsed houses, 7,174 damaged houses. The impact of storm and flood is considered one of the worst since 2007. (IFRC, 24 Oct 2022)

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Pakistan: Malaria Outbreak - Aug 2022

Wed, 19 Oct 2022 00:07:17 +0000

Affected country: Pakistan
Glide: EP-2022-000340-PAK

From January through August 2022, more than 3.4 million suspected cases of malaria were reported in Pakistan compared with the 2.6 million suspected cases reported in 2021. Over 170,000 cases were laboratory confirmed, with the majority reported as Plasmodium vivax. A rapid upsurge in cases was observed in Balochistan and Sindh provinces after the devastating floods in mid-June 2022, together accounting for 78 per cent of all confirmed cases. The risk is assessed as very high considering the current flood crisis affecting the capacity of the national health system. (WHO, 17 Oct 2022)

Public health concerns are high in flood-affected areas of Pakistan, particularly with access to primary healthcare limited by monsoon-induced damage to health facilities. As of 25 October, 59 health facilities are destroyed and 461 are partially damaged in Sindh, where nearly 350,000 people were suspected of having malaria, more than 700,000 people had diarrhea, and over 770,000 people reported a skin-related disease between July and early October.Stagnant water has contributed to malaria outbreaks in 32 districts in Sindh and Balochistan. (OCHA, 1 Nov 2022)

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Pakistan: Dengue Outbreak - Sep 2022

Tue, 18 Oct 2022 03:14:12 +0000

Affected country: Pakistan
Glide: EP-2022-000341-PAK

Between 1 January and 27 September 2022, a total of 25,932 confirmed dengue cases and 62 deaths (CFR 0.25%) were reported in Pakistan, with 74 per cent of these cases reported in the month of September alone. The current surge in cases follows unprecedented flooding that began in mid-June 2022. With the current flood crisis affecting the national health system capacity and the growing humanitarian situation, there is a high risk of serious health impacts from dengue fever and other concurrent disease outbreaks. High population movement between Pakistan and bordering countries (in particular, Afghanistan and the Islamic Republic of Iran) means that the international transmission of dengue fever cannot be ruled out. (WHO, 13 Oct 2022)

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Lebanon: Cholera Outbreak - Oct 2022

Mon, 17 Oct 2022 16:44:41 +0000

Affected country: Lebanon
Glide: EP-2022-000334-LBN

Following a cholera outbreak in Syria on 10 September 2022, the disease quickly spread, with Lebanon reporting its first case of cholera on 6 October 2022 and reaching 29 confirmed cases by 13 October in Akkar and Baalbek governorates. Cholera, a virulent bacterial infection caused by contaminated water or food, can spread quickly in areas with limited access to basic services such as safe water, sanitation, and health care. The disease can kill within just hours due to severe acute watery diarrhoea. Recent overlapping crises have severely impacted access to health, safe clean drinking water, and sanitation services for both host and refugee populations in Lebanon. As cases are expected to continue to increase, UNICEF in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO), NGO partners and led by the Ministry of Public Health (MoPH), has developed a joint response plan. (UNICEF, 17 Oct 2022)

As of 28 October 2022, [...] in Lebanon 1,225 confirmed and suspected cholera cases have been reported in the 9 governorates of Lebanon (Beirut, Akkar, North, Keserwan-Jbeil, Mt. Lebanon, Bekaa, BaalbekHermel, South, Nabatieh) according to the Lebanon Ministry of Public Health (MoPH). The cazas of Akkar, Minnieh-Dinnieh, Baalbek, Zahle and Keserwan are most heavily affected at present.

A total of 16 associated deaths have also been reported with a case fatality ratio (CFR) of 1.37%. It is reported that 46% of cases are children under the age of 15, of which more than half are in children under 5 years old. Among all cases, 23% have required hospital admission. (OCHA, UNICEF, UNHCR, WHO, 30 Oct 2022)

Since the first case was confirmed on 5 October 2022, over 1400 suspected cases have been reported across the country, including 381 laboratory-confirmed cases and 17 deaths. While the outbreak was initially confined to northern districts, it rapidly spread, with laboratory-confirmed cases now reported from all eight governorates and 18 out of 26 districts. Serotype Vibrio cholerae O1 El-Tor Ogawa was identified as the currently circulating cholera strain, similar to the one circulating in Syria. (WHO, 31 Oct 2022)

The number of suspected cases is gradually increasing across all affected areas. As of 11 November, a total of 3,253 suspected cholera cases (out of which 521 are laboratory-confirmed) have been reported along with a total of 18 associated deaths. (OCHA, UNICEF, UNHCR, WHO, 12 Nov 2022) . As of 18 November, a total of 3970 cholera cases (out of which 573 are laboratory-confirmed) have been reported along with a total of 20 associated deaths (OCHA, UNICEF, UNHCR, WHO, 19 Nov 2022)

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