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ReliefWeb - Updates

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ReliefWeb - Updates

World: Call to action: Prevent gender-based violence in humanitarian emergencies

Sat, 25 Sep 2021 04:55:06 +0000

Countries: Afghanistan, Ethiopia, World
Source: UN News Service

Top UN officials met in the margins of the 76th General Assembly on Thursday, with a strong call to action to stamp out gender-based violence (GBV), amid a rise in forced displacement and other humanitarian emergencies around the globe.

GBV includes acts that inflict physical, sexual or mental harm – or other forms of suffering, coercion and limits on personal freedoms - and has “long-term consequences on the sexual, physical and psychological health of survivors”, according to the UN’s sexual and reproductive health agency (UNFPA).

These are being driven increasingly by conflict, climate change, famine and insecurity, heightening vulnerabilities for girls and women.

‘Willingness to act'

UNFPA Executive Director Natalia Kanem told the meeting on Localizing GBV in humanitarian crises, that peace, justice and dignity are the “birthright of every woman and girl”.

She spoke of the agency’s “clear and ambitious” 2021-2025 Roadmap, which reflects a shared vision and underscored the need to create new pathways to ensure those rights.

Emphasizing the need for accountability “to ourselves and each other”, Ms. Kanem said that as the lead UN agency on the issue, “UNFPA is committed to standing strong”.

She said there was a strong will to act, “to do something about gender-based violence”, she added, stressing the importance of putting the voices of women “at the heart of what we do”

Ms. Kanem pledged to funnel 43 per cent of UNFPA’s humanitarian funding to national and local women’s organizations, saying “now more than ever, they need us”.

Afghanistan: ‘Important reminder’

Emergency Relief Coordinator Martin Griffiths called the situation in Afghanistan “an important reminder of the primary vulnerability of women and girls in crises”.

He highlighted the vital role of women-led local communities, pointing out that they act as first responders to crisis.

Recalling a recent trip to Ethiopia, where he heard first-hand accounts of the traumas suffered by women in Tigray, he said that it was the local communities who first responded to the atrocities, which underscores the “absolute importance” of listening to women, protecting women and girls, and “protecting local communities to do what they naturally want to do”.

The protection of women is one of the least-funded parts of the humanitarian programme, Mr. Griffiths said.

Getting the word out

Henrietta Fore, Executive Director of the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), said to deliver on “the ambitious call to action”, it is important to “get the word out” to the girls and women on the ground about the services available.

“This has not been clear at all”, Ms. Fore stated.

She spoke of the UNICEF report We Must Do Better, which provides a global feminist assessment of the experiences of women and girls, and the organizations they lead, during the COVID-19 pandemic.

The report highlighted that the needs of women and girls are either ignored or treated as an afterthought; and that despite being on the front lines of humanitarian crises, women are not taken seriously enough.

And although the demand for GBV services has increased during COVID, the resources have not, said Ms. Fore, calling for greater support for local women’s groups, including financially.

Bureaucratizing assistance

Fighting GBV is an important priority for the UN refugee agency (UNHCR), High Commissioner Filippo Grandi assured participants, especially in situations of forced displacements, which are “rife” with opportunities.

He acknowledged that during humanitarian crises as everyone is moving quickly, too often the critical role of local women’s organizations are overlooked.

The top UNHCR official said that providing “substantive, flexible, direct and rapid” resources to women-led, community-based organizations without undue red tape is “one of the most important” ways to empower them.

He conceded however, “this is a difficult call” as humanitarian funding is follow the trend of being “bureaucratized”.

Click here to watch the the meeting in its entirety.

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World: Appel à l'action pour prévenir la violence sexiste dans les urgences humanitaires

Sat, 25 Sep 2021 04:44:36 +0000

Countries: Afghanistan, Ethiopia, World
Source: UN News Service

En marge de la 76e Assemblée générale des Nations Unies, de hauts responsables de l'ONU ont lancé un appel à l'action jeudi pour éradiquer la violence fondée sur le genre (VBG), dans un contexte d'augmentation des déplacements forcés et autres urgences humanitaires dans le monde.

La VBG comprend des actes qui infligent un préjudice physique, sexuel ou mental - ou d'autres formes de souffrance, de coercition et de limitation des libertés individuelles - et a « des conséquences à long terme sur la santé sexuelle, physique et psychologique des survivants », selon l'agence des Nations Unies pour la santé sexuelle et reproductive (UNFPA).

Les conflits, le changement climatique, la famine et l'insécurité sont des facteurs de plus en plus importants, qui accroissent la vulnérabilité des filles et des femmes.

La volonté d'agir

La paix, la justice et la dignité sont le « droit de naissance de chaque femme et de chaque fille », a déclaré lors de la réunion sur l’existence de la violence liée au sexe dans les crises humanitaires la Directrice exécutive de l'UNFPA, Natalia Kanem.

Elle a évoqué la feuille de route 2021-2025 « claire et ambitieuse » de l'agence, qui reflète une vision commune et souligne la nécessité de créer de nouvelles voies pour garantir ces droits.

Insistant sur la nécessité de rendre des comptes « à nous-mêmes et aux autres », Mme Kanem a déclaré qu'en tant qu'organisme chef de file des Nations Unies sur cette question, « l'UNFPA s'engage à rester fort ». Elle a déclaré qu'il existait une forte volonté d'agir, « de faire quelque chose contre la violence sexiste », a-t-elle ajouté, soulignant l'importance de mettre la voix des femmes « au cœur » de cette action.

Mme Kanem a promis de canaliser 43% du financement humanitaire de l'UNFPA vers les organisations de femmes nationales et locales, affirmant que « maintenant plus que jamais, elles ont besoin de nous ».

L’Afghanistan, « un rappel important »

Le Coordinateur des secours d'urgence de l’ONU, Martin Griffiths, a qualifié la situation en Afghanistan de « rappel important de la vulnérabilité primaire des femmes et des filles dans les crises ».

Il a mis en avant le rôle vital des communautés locales dirigées par des femmes, soulignant qu'elles sont les premières à réagir aux crises.

Rappelant son récent voyage en Éthiopie, où il a entendu des témoignages de vive voix sur les traumatismes subis par les femmes du Tigré, M. Griffith a déclaré que ce sont les communautés locales qui ont réagi en premier aux atrocités, soulignant « l'importance absolue » d'écouter les femmes, de protéger les femmes et les filles, ainsi que de « protéger les communautés locales pour qu'elles fassent ce qu'elles veulent naturellement faire ».

La protection des femmes est l'une des parties les moins financées du programme humanitaire, a déclaré M. Griffiths.

Faire passer le message

Pour répondre à « l'ambitieux appel à l'action », il est important de « faire passer le mot » aux filles et aux femmes sur le terrain concernant les services disponibles, a déclaré la Directrice exécutive du Fonds des Nations Unies pour l'enfance (UNICEF), Henrietta Fore.

« Cela n'a pas été clair du tout », a ajouté Mme Fore.

Elle a évoqué le rapport de l'UNICEF « We Must Do Better » {Nous devons faire mieux}, qui fournit une évaluation féministe globale des expériences des femmes et des filles, et des organisations qu'elles dirigent, pendant la pandémie de Covid-19.

Le rapport souligne que les besoins des femmes et des filles sont soit ignorés, soit traités après coup et que malgré leur présence en première ligne des crises humanitaires, les femmes ne sont pas prises suffisamment au sérieux.

Aussi, bien que la demande de services de lutte contre la VBG ait augmenté pendant la Covid, les ressources n'ont pas augmenté, a dit Mme Fore, appelant à un plus grand soutien aux groupes de femmes locaux, y compris sur le plan financier.

Fournir l’assistance aux organisations communautaires dirigées par des femmes

La lutte contre la VBG est une priorité importante pour l'Agence des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR), a assuré aux participants le Haut-Commissaire Filippo Grandi, en particulier dans les situations de déplacements forcés, qui sont « riches » en opportunités.

Il a souligné que lors des crises humanitaires, alors que tout le monde se déplace rapidement, le rôle essentiel des organisations locales de femmes est trop souvent négligé.

Le chef du HCR a déclaré que la fourniture de ressources « substantielles, flexibles, directes et rapides » aux organisations communautaires dirigées par des femmes, sans formalités administratives excessives, est « l'un des moyens les plus importants » de les autonomiser.

Il a toutefois admis qu'il s'agissait d'un « appel difficile », car le financement humanitaire suit la tendance à la « bureaucratisation ».

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World: Multi-Sector Needs Assessment (MSNA), Accountability to Affected Populations (AAP) findings - Global, September 2021

Sat, 25 Sep 2021 03:42:26 +0000

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Countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Iraq, Libya, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, Sudan, Ukraine, World
Source: REACH Initiative

Please refer to the attached file.

CONTEXT AND METHODOLOGY

In 2020, 12 MSNAs were conducted across 12 crises, globally. The methodology of all 12 exercises included a quantitative, household-level component, with household interviews conducted between June and October 2020. In total, 107,727 households were interviewed.

AAP indicators were included in all 12 assessments, in consultation with humanitarian partners, and in line with the Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19. AAP is central to risk communication and community engagement strategies; understanding how affected populations access and prefer to receive information can support efforts to dispel misinformation, amplify credible public health guidance, facilitate access to available services and feedback mechanisms, and contribute to overall informed decision-making.

REACH country teams collected AAP data using the Menu of AAP Questions for Needs Assessments, developed jointly by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Task Team on Accountability to Affected Populations and Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse and REACH in 2018.

Although the number and type of AAP indicators collected vary among MSNAs, it is the aim of this factsheet to present results of a selection of AAP indicators, common and standardized across different crises, wherever this is possible. The full crisis-level AAP results are presented and contextualised in the relevant MSNA 2020 publications.

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Haiti: Education Everywhere: We are at UNICEF assisted psychosocial support center, We are sharing the story of the children here

Sat, 25 Sep 2021 03:01:32 +0000

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Country: Haiti
Source: UN Children's Fund

Please refer to the attached file.

Can Remzi Ergen

It is not only about learning. For the ones at potential risk, education is also a way to protect. In the aftermath of the 14 August Earthquake which destroyed or severely damaged 738 schools, children of Haiti study in every corner they can find. Until the moment their schools are built back up and running again. Today we are visiting children studying at UNICEF supported psychosocial support center in Les Cayes, Haiti.

Physical schools are a must but in moments of crisis, education can find new forms as in this UNICEF-supported psychosocial support center where children come daily to attend classes. This is Les Cayes, Haiti and we are at a center supported by UNICEF and local NGO IDEJEN.

The children mainly come just from across the street where there is a makeshift camp established for people whose houses have been destroyed or severely damaged due to the earthquake.

Many of them live with their parents there. Here, Gigi, who is still too small to attend the classes in the center, plays and learns with his grandmother.

Children at the center receive their courses through the materials provided within the support of UNICEF and even though there are dedicated corners where the classes take place, children use the entire area to study and do their homework including the stairs this student poses for the camera.

They study with the teaching staff assigned by the Ministry of National Education in partnership with UNICEF and IDEJEN. With schools reopening on 4 October in the three departments most affected by the earthquake (Nippes, Sud, Grand- Anse), UNICEF’s priority is to ensure that 100,000 children have access to quality education and early learning. It is also to support extremely vulnerable children to stay in school, including children with disabilities.

This is also a place to make new friends, to also get a sense of normalcy after the trauma they experienced. Close follow-up of injured separated children continues in the health structures to prevent any risk of trafficking and permanent staff of the national agency in charge of child protection (IBESR) is being set-up at the Immaculate Conception Hospital (HIC) of Les Cayes, with the support of UNICEF.

“More than 168 displaced children are benefitting from psychosocial support activities here. For them to forget about what has happened but also to mentally get ready for the school opening. They play and also learn, this is a way to heal the trauma they experienced ”. Jean Stenio Pierre , UNICEF Haiti Chief of Field Office.

While waiting for their school to be reopened, they study in the garden and they turn any material into learning equipment such as the chairs turned into learning desks.

For the time being education is everywhere, but it is clear, reopening schools and in-person learning cannot wait. Education in school is a priority. UNICEF is requesting US$73.3 million to respond to the humanitarian needs due to Earthquake in Education, WASH, Health, Nutrition, and Child protection over the next six months.

Act NOW.

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Haiti: Haïti : Les jeunes se mobilisent pour répondre au tremblement de terre survenu le mois dernier

Sat, 25 Sep 2021 02:50:12 +0000

Country: Haiti
Source: UN Children's Fund

Au total, le séisme a fait plus de 2.000 morts, 12.000 blessés et des centaines de disparu(e)s et a détruit des dizaines de milliers d’habitations.

Jéruscha Vasti Michel

Chanel Bernard, 29 ans, est originaire de Pestel, une commune du département de la Grand'Anse en Haïti, située à quelque 80 kilomètres de la ville des Cayes. La vie des 90.000 habitants de cette commune nichée entre mer et montagnes est rythmée par les jours de marché - les mercredis et samedis - et le mouvement des bateaux déchargeant dans le port leurs marchandises en provenance des villes avoisinantes.

Son baccalauréat en poche, Chanel est allé suivre des études universitaires à Port-au-Prince, comme le font chaque année des milliers de jeunes Haïtien(ne)s. La capitale concentre en effet la majeure partie des offres de formation supérieure et des services universitaires du pays. "J’étais content de fréquenter l’université, même si la séparation d’avec mes parents et mes sept frères et sœurs était parfois dure", dit-il. Passionné de musique, Chanel a trouvé un emploi comme disc-jockey pour financer ses études d’informatique dans une université privée.

Mais, en 2020, à la suite de la montée de l’insécurité dans la capitale et de la dégradation de la situation économique, Chanel a d슩 interrompre ses études et retourner vivre à Pestel. Il n’est pas un cas isolé : chaque année, la pauvreté et l’insécurité, notamment à Port-au-Prince, poussent un grand nombre de jeunes Haïtien(ne)s à quitter l’école ou l’université. Les filles et jeunes femmes sont particulièrement touchées par ce phénomène. En juin de cette année, une flambée de violence liée aux gangs dans Port-au-Prince a causé le déplacement d'environ 19 mille personnes.

Loin de se décourager, Chanel a ouvert, à son retour à Pestel, un commerce de boissons, tout en continuant à travailler comme disc-jockey. C’est à ce titre qu’on a fait appel à lui, un jour, pour le lancement du club U-Report local.

Lancé en Haïti en juin 2019, U-Report est un outil gratuit mis en place par le système des Nations Unies à travers l’UNICEF et le Bureau international du Travail (OIT), en partenariat avec le ministère des affaires sociales et du travail (MAST), l’Institut du bien-être social et de recherches et le Conseil national (IBESR) des télécommunications (CONATEL). Il permet aux jeunes de se mobiliser sur les réseaux sociaux et par SMS pour résoudre les problèmes de leur communauté, par exemple dans les domaines de la protection de l’enfance, de la santé, de l’éducation, de l’eau, de l’hygiène et de l’assainissement. Séduit par l’initiative, qui regroupe 36.000 jeunes, Chanel n’a pas hésité à s’engager. "Ma communauté avait grand besoin de moi, et je voulais me rendre utile", explique-il.

Un réseau de mobilisation communautaire

Le samedi 14 ao슩t 2021, aux environs de huit heures du matin, Chanel Bernard se rendait comme à son habitude chez un transporteur maritime pour lui demander de lui acheter des marchandises dans la ville de Jérémie ou à Port-au-Prince, quand un séisme de magnitude 7,2 a frappé les départements de la Grand’Anse, du Sud et des Nippes d’Haïti.

"Tout s’est mis à bouger autour de moi. À la façon dont la terre tremblait sous mes pieds, j’ai vite compris l’ampleur du désastre", raconte-il. Comprenant la nécessité d’agir vite, Chanel a commencé à demander aux habitants de sortir de chez eux. " Je suis allé sur la côte pour dire aux gens de rentrer dans les terres, un tsunami pouvant se produire à tout moment", poursuit-t-il. Chanel s’est connecté à son compte Facebook et fait jouer ses réseaux de distribution et celui des jeunes U-reporters pour acheminer et distribuer de l’eau dans la ville.

"La situation à Pestel était déjà difficile avant le tremblement de terre, et c’est entre autres pour cela que j’étais parti à Port-au-Prince. Mais aujourd’hui, on manque de tout, à commencer par de l’eau potable. Les gens dorment à la belle étoile".
Chanel Bernard

Au total, le séisme a fait plus de 2.000 morts, 12.000 blessés et des centaines de disparu(e)s et a détruit des dizaines de milliers d’habitations. Au total, 800.000 personnes ont été touchées, parmi lesquelles 650.000 ont des besoins humanitaires. L’initiative U-Report a été déterminante dans la réponse humanitaire au tremblement de terre, notamment dans la collecte d’informations. Selon le dernier rapport de situation en date de l’UNICEF, qui se fonde notamment sur les données recueillies par le réseau U-Report, 72% des habitants des trois départements les plus touchés ont indiqué que les établissements de santé situés près de chez eux ont été endommagés par le tremblement de terre et au moins 60% ont répondu que les services de santé ont été interrompus en raison d'un manque de personnel, d'équipements et de fournitures médicales et du fait que les structures de santé s’étaient effondrées ou avaient été endommagées.

Les Nations Unies et leurs partenaires ont lancé, en ao슩t, un appel humanitaire d’urgence (“flash appeal”) de 187,3 millions de dollars pour fournir une aide d'urgence à 500.000 personnes touchées par le tremblement de terre, notamment en matière d'abris, d'eau et d'assainissement, de soins de santé d'urgence, de nourriture, de protection et de relèvement rapide. Au 3 septembre, près de 46% des familles touchées ont reçu une aide humanitaire, selon le Bureau des Nations Unies pour la coordination des affaires humanitaires (OCHA).

Un motif d’espoir

La capacité de résilience et de mobilisation communautaire en Haïti est un motif d’espoir pour les Nations Unies.

“Les organisations locales, les organisations de base, les autorités locales, les brigadiers de la Protection Civile, les nombreux volontaires, y compris les jeunes du réseau U-Report, ont été les premiers à secourir les citoyens dans le besoin, avant l’arrivée des équipes de secours. Et toute cette solidarité entre les gens, entre les communautés, ce konbit, se poursuit dans le cadre de la réponse humanitaire et du relèvement. Ce sont même les principaux moteurs du relèvement – et les appuis extérieurs doivent viser à soutenir ces efforts locaux et non pas à s’y substituer”, a déclaré Bruno Lemarquis, le Coordonnateur résident des Nations Unies et Coordonnateur humanitaire en Haïti.

"L’engagement et l’implication que nous voyons dans la communauté des jeunes "U-reporters" sont le résultat de l’action efficace engagée par le système des Nations Unies en Haïti à travers l’UNICEF. La mobilisation de ces jeunes est pour nous un motif de fierté et d’espoir. Leur fougue, leur détermination, mais surtout leur spontanéité à aider les plus démunis, notamment les enfants et les femmes, constituent un levier de changement pour Haïti. Ils sont l’avenir du pays", a souligné, pour sa part, Bruno Maes, le Représentant de l’UNICEF en Haïti.

Je suis si fier d’avoir aidé ma communauté", se réjouit Chanel, invitant les jeunes à s’impliquer davantage dans la vie de leur communauté. "Il faut mettre la main à la pâte. Ensemble, nous pouvons faire beaucoup de choses ! Haïti a besoin de nous!
Chanel Bernard

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Séisme en Haiti : Le Japon accorde plus d'un demi-million de dollars à l'UNICEF pour répondre aux besoins en eau, hygiène et assainissement

Sat, 25 Sep 2021 02:08:07 +0000

Countries: Haiti, Japan
Sources: Government of Japan, UN Children's Fund

PORT-AU-PRINCE, le 16 septembre 2021 - Le gouvernement du Japon a accordé à l'UNICEF 640 000 dollars américains équivalant à plus de 70 millions de yens japonais à titre d'aide d'urgence pour fournir des services d’urgence en eau, assainissement et hygiène (WASH) afin de répondre aux besoins des enfants et des familles touchés par le séisme en Haïti.

Le 14 ao슩t 2021, un séisme de magnitude 7,2 a frappé les départements du Sud, de la Grand'Anse et des Nippes, un désastre aggravé le 16 ao슩t par les fortes pluies de la dépression tropicale Grace, et qui perturbé davantage l'accès à l'eau, à l'assainissement, aux abris et à d'autres services de base. Plus de 2 200 personnes sont mortes, 12 700 blessées et 137 000 maisons détruites. L'UNICEF estime que 1,2 million de personnes, dont 540 000 enfants ont besoin d'une aide d'urgence.

La donation du Japon contribuera à garantir l'accès à l'eau potable et aux fournitures et services d'hygiène essentiels pour les ménages et les communautés touchés par le séisme, en mettant l'accent sur les institutions sanitaires et les abris, ainsi qu'à prévenir le COVID-19 et d'autres maladies d'origine hydrique. Elle bénéficiera à 60 000 personnes dont 31 200 femmes et 28 800 hommes dans les départements du Sud, de la Grand'Anse et des Nippes.

«Le tremblement de terre qui a frappé Haïti en ao슩t a tué et blessé des milliers de personnes et a encore détérioré le système d'approvisionnement en eau dans le sud-ouest d'Haïti, augmentant les risques de maladies d'origine hydrique pour les populations affectées qui ont tout perdu. Le Japon travaille main dans la main avec la Direction nationale de l'eau potable et de l'assainissement (DINEPA) et l'UNICEF, pour aider les populations affectées à accéder à l'eau potable, à l'hygiène et à l'assainissement », a déclaré M. MIZUNO Mitsuaki, Ambassadeur du Japon en Haïti.

Avant le séisme, seul plus de la moitié des institutions sanitaires dans les trois départements les plus touchés par le séisme avaient un accès de base aux services d'eau, alors que 33 pour cent des institutions sanitaires de la Grand-Anse et 15 pour cent de celles du département du Sud n'ont pas de service d'eau courante. Au lendemain du séisme, près de 60 % des habitants des trois départements les plus touchés n'ont pas accès à l'eau potable. Des milliers de personnes dont les maisons se sont effondrées n'ont pas accès à l'assainissement en partie à cause des dommages causés par le tremblement de terre.

« Les femmes et les enfants qui ont été impactés par le séisme ne se remettront pas rapidement s'ils doivent lutter contre des maladies d'origine hydrique parce qu’ils n'ont pas accès à de l'eau potable et à des installations d'hygiène et d'assainissement adéquates. Avec cette généreuse donation du Japon, l'UNICEF garantira que les populations touchées soient protégées contre les maladies d'origine hydrique et d'autres infections telles que le COVID-19 », a déclaré Bruno Maes, Représentant de l'UNICEF en Haïti.

Avec cette contribution du Japon, l'UNICEF veillera à ce que les populations à risque affectées par le séisme aient accès à de l'eau potable et à des installations d'assainissement et réduira les risques d'épidémie de COVID-19 et d'autres maladies d'origine hydrique.

Pour plus d’informations :

MATSUURA Shiro, Chef de la coopération, Ambassade du Japon en Haïti, shiro.matsuura@mofa.go.jp, (+509) 2256 5885

Ndiaga Seck, Chef de la Communication de l’UNICEF en Haïti, nseck@unicef.org, (+509) 3744 6199

Contacts presse

Ndiaga Seck
Chef de la Communication
UNICEF
Tél: +50937446199
Tél: +50928123076
Adresse électronique: nseck@unicef.org

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Earthquake in Haiti: Japan grants more than half a million US$ to UNICEF to respond to water, hygiene and sanitation needs

Sat, 25 Sep 2021 02:01:53 +0000

Countries: Haiti, Japan
Sources: Government of Japan, UN Children's Fund

PORT-AU-PRINCE, 16 September 2021 - The Government of Japan has granted UNICEF 640,000 US dollars equaling over 70 million Japanese yen as an emergency grant aid to provide water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services and address the urgent needs of vulnerable children and their families affected by the earthquake in Haiti.

On 14 August 2021, a 7.2 magnitude earthquake hit the southwestern departments of South, Grand’Anse, and Nippes, compounded on 16 August with heavy rains from tropical depression Grace, further disrupting access to water, sanitation, shelter, and other basic services. Over 2,200 people died, 12,700 injured, and 137,000 homes destroyed. UNICEF estimates 1.2 million, including 540,000 children need emergency assistance.

The grant will help guarantee access to safe drinking water and critical hygiene supplies and services for earthquake-affected households and communities with a focus on health care facilities and shelters, as well as prevent COVID-19 and other waterborne diseases. It will benefit 60,000 people including 31,200 women and 28,800 men in the departments of South, Grand’Anse, and Nippes.

“The earthquake that hit Haiti in August has killed and injured thousands of people and further deteriorated the water supply system in southern Haiti, increasing risks of waterborne diseases among affected population who have lost everything. Japan is working hand in hand with the National Directorate of Potable Water and Sanitation (DINEPA) and UNICEF, to help affected populations access safe drinking water, hygiene and sanitation,” said Mr. MIZUNO Mitsuaki Japanese Ambassador to Haïti.

Prior to the earthquake, only over half of the healthcare facilities in the three departments most affected by the earthquake had basic access to water services while 33 per cent of healthcare facilities in Grand-Anse and 15 per cent in South department have no water service. In the aftermath of the earthquake, nearly 60 per cent of people in the three most affected departments do not have access to safe water. Thousands of people whose houses have collapsed lack access to sanitation due partly to the damage wrought by the earthquake.

“Women and children who have been impacted by the earthquake will not recover quickly if they have to grapple with waterborne diseases because they do not have access to safe drinking water and adequate hygiene and sanitation facilities. With this generous donation from Japan, UNICEF will ensure the affected populations are protected from waterborne diseases and other infections such as COVID-19,” said Bruno Maes UNICEF Haiti Representative.

With this grant from Japan, UNICEF will ensure that at-risk populations affected by the earthquake have access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities and reduce the risk of COVID-19 and other water-borne diseases.

For more information:

MATSUURA Shiro, Chief of cooperation, Embassy of Japan, Haïti,

shiro.matsuura@mofa.go.jp, (509) 3849 1459

Ndiaga Seck, Chief of Communication UNICEF Haïti,

nseck@unicef.org, (509) 3744 6199

Contacts presse

Ndiaga Seck
Chef de la Communication
UNICEF
Tél: +50937446199
Tél: +50928123076
Adresse électronique: nseck@unicef.org

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Haiti: Un mois après le séisme en Haïti : 260 000 enfants ont toujours besoin d'aide humanitaire – UNICEF

Sat, 25 Sep 2021 01:51:13 +0000

Country: Haiti
Source: UN Children's Fund

PORT-AU-PRINCE / PANAMA CITY, 14 septembre 2021 - Un mois après qu'un séisme de magnitude 7,2 a secoué le sud-ouest d'Haïti, environ 650 000 personnes, dont 260 000 enfants, ont toujours besoin d'une aide humanitaire d'urgence, a averti aujourd'hui l'UNICEF.

« Les enfants en Haïti ont toujours du mal à faire face aux conséquences d'un tremblement de terre qui a causé l'effondrement de leurs maisons, leurs écoles, leurs institutions sanitaires et leurs communautés entières », a déclaré Jean Gough, directeur régional de l'UNICEF pour l'Amérique latine et les Caraïbes.

« Les services de santé restent largement perturbés dans le sud-ouest d'Haïti. De nombreux bâtiments hospitaliers sont endommagés ou détruits. De nombreuses familles avec enfants craignent de se faire soigner dans les quelques établissements de santé encore debout. L'accès limité à l'eau potable et aux services de santé de base met la vie des enfants en danger.

Les systèmes de santé ont du mal à répondre aux besoins, avec 12 000 personnes blessées et environ 82 établissements de santé dans les départements les plus touchés endommagés ou détruits. Même un mois plus tard, certaines communautés rurales ne peuvent toujours pas accéder à des institutions sanitaires fonctionnelles en raison des dommages aux infrastructures. La capacité limitée des soins de santé constitue des risques élevés pour la santé, tels que l'infection des blessures et le risque de tétanos.

Le manque de services de soins de santé de routine a augmenté les risques de décès maternels et néonatals, car de nombreuses maternités et salles de chirurgie ne répondent pas aux critères d'accouchement sans danger. La capacité des autorités sanitaires à prévenir, identifier et traiter la malnutrition a également été affaiblie par le séisme.

En réponse à ces besoins accrus, l'UNICEF travaille avec des partenaires pour fournir des médicaments essentiels, des fournitures et équipements médicaux et des produits nutritionnels, soutenir la reprise des services de santé pour les centres de santé endommagés ou détruits et renforcer la gestion de la chaîne d'approvisionnement sanitaire.

L'UNICEF a équipé 24 équipes de cliniques mobiles avec du matériel médical et des médicaments essentiels pour fournir des services intégrés de santé et de nutrition - y compris l'identification et le traitement de la malnutrition aiguë - dans les communes reculées.

« Si les familles avec enfants ne peuvent pas accéder aux établissements de santé après le tremblement de terre, il est essentiel de leur apporter des services de santé vitaux afin que nous puissions prévenir les décès d'enfants », a déclaré Gough. « L'UNICEF met en place davantage de cliniques mobiles sur le terrain pour garder les enfants en bonne santé. Avec des milliers de familles et d'enfants ayant un besoin urgent de soins médicaux, nous ne pouvons pas attendre que les établissements de santé soient reconstruits. »

Les autres résultats clés en matière de santé à ce jour sont les suivants :

  • 50 000 personnes touchées avec des fournitures médicales essentielles pendant une période de trois mois dans les 19 principaux hôpitaux offrant des soins d'urgence aux victimes.

  • 300 000 personnes ont reçu des équipements de protection individuelle (EPI) pour une durée de trois mois.

Dans le domaine de la santé infantile et maternelle, l'UNICEF accorde la priorité à la poursuite des soins de santé primaires pour les enfants et les femmes, en étroite collaboration avec le Ministère de la Santé Publique et de la Population (MSPP) et l'Organisation panaméricaine de la santé (OPS/OMS). Au cours des six prochains mois, l'UNICEF soutiendra la fourniture de services essentiels de santé et de nutrition pour plus de 251 000 enfants et femmes, y compris la livraison de fournitures essentielles pour traiter les maladies infantiles courantes.

D'autres interventions de santé qui seront intensifiées comprennent l'extension de la couverture vaccinale de routine pour 35 000 enfants, l'identification et le traitement des enfants souffrant de malnutrition aiguë, les programmes d'appui à l'alimentation du nourrisson et du jeune enfant et la supplémentation nutritionnelle pour prévenir la malnutrition et la fourniture de soins maternels, néonatals et infantiles.

L'UNICEF soutiendra également la reconstruction et la réparation de 30 hôpitaux et centres de soins primaires endommagés, ainsi que la formation de 3 000 membres du personnel des établissements de santé et des agents de santé communautaire en prévention et contrôle des infections (PCI), y compris la poursuite de la prévention du COVID-19 et la fourniture d'équipements de protection individuelle (EPI).

L'UNICEF a fait un appel de 73,3 millions de dollars pour répondre aux besoins humanitaires dus au séisme, avec un focus sur l’offre d’un soutien urgent dans les domaines de la santé, de l'éducation, de l’eau, hygiène et assainissement (WASH), de la nutrition et de la protection de l'enfant, y compris la violence basée sur le genre (VBG), au cours des six prochains mois. À ce jour, moins de 11 pour cent ont été reçus.

Note aux éditeurs :

Les autres résultats clé de la réponse de l'UNICEF comprennent :

  • Atteindre plus de 250 000 personnes affectées avec 1 972 386 litres d'eau potable grâce au transport de l’eau par camion-citerne.

  • 5 598 kits d'hygiène ont été distribués pour couvrir 28 000 personnes, dont 2 300 prépositionnés, 41 rouleaux de bâche, 15 citernes pliables et du chlore.

  • Des fournitures supplémentaires sont en route dont 3 unités de traitement d'eau, 41 citernes pliables, des bâches et 31 200 kits d'hygiène qui couvrent 156 000 personnes supplémentaires pendant 3 mois.

  • Installation de 11 stations d'épuration et de 51 citernes pliables, d'un volume total de 415 000 litres, ainsi que la fourniture de carburant pour le transport de l'eau par camion-citerne.

  • 70 blocs de latrines amovibles et réutilisables et des installations de lavage des mains.

  • Distribution de bâches et de purificateurs d'eau dans 10 maisons d'enfants/orphelinats accueillant quelque 340 enfants.

  • Des activités d'accompagnement psychosocial sont en cours avec 178 enfants (96 filles et 82 garçons) dans les espaces récréatifs des Cayes et 133 personnes ont été sensibilisées aux risques d'exploitation et de traite des enfants.

  • Veiller à ce que plus de 1,5 million d'enfants (filles et garçons) et femmes aient accès à des canaux s슩rs pour signaler l'exploitation et les abus sexuels et recevoir des services de soutien spécialisés au cours des 6 prochains mois.

  • Mettre en place 900 espaces d'apprentissage semi-permanents sécurisés (salles de classe) et réhabiliter 400 salles de classe partiellement détruites pour garantir à 100 000 enfants l'accès à une éducation de qualité et à un apprentissage précoce.

  • Fournir des transferts monétaires d'urgence pour aider jusqu'à 20 000 des familles les plus vulnérables avec enfants et/ou des femmes enceintes à accéder aux services essentiels et aux articles non alimentaires.

  • Formation d'au moins 450 U-Reporters du département du Sud, de la Grand'Anse et des Nippes à la protection contre l’exploitation et abus sexuels (PSEA), les violences basées sur le genre, l'hygiène en situation d'urgence et la gestion de la santé mentale.

Pour plus d’informations sur l’UNICEF et son travail pour les enfants, visitez : https://www.unicef.org/lac/en et https://www.unicef.org/haiti/

Pour plus d’informations, contactez:

Ndiaga Seck, UNICEF Haiti, +509 37 44 61 99, nseck@unicef.org

Laurent Duvillier, Bureau régional de l'UNICEF pour l'Amérique latine et les Caraïbes, +507 6169 9886, lduvillier@unicef.org

Alfonso F. Reca, Bureau régional de l'UNICEF pour l'Amérique latine et les Caraïbes, +507 6941 2277, afernandezreca@unicef.org

Contacts presse

Ndiaga Seck
Chef de la Communication
UNICEF
Tél: +50937446199
Tél: +50928123076
Adresse électronique: nseck@unicef.org

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Afghanistan: U.S. Government Issues General License Allowing Afghan Aid to Resume

Fri, 24 Sep 2021 22:33:38 +0000

Country: Afghanistan
Source: Mercy Corps

Mercy Corps issued the below statement in response to the U.S. Treasury Department’s issuance of a general license for Afghanistan allowing humanitarians to reach more than 18 million people in need.

Dina Esposito, Vice President of Technical Leadership, Policy and Advocacy says:

“The general licenses issued today through the Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) are vitally important to the resumption of lifesaving activities by humanitarian organizations operating in Afghanistan, where 18.4 million people are in dire need. The general licenses give humanitarian aid organizations like ours the necessary assurances that humanitarian activities can be carried out without running afoul of U.S. sanctions laws. We applaud the Treasury Department’s decision to issue these licenses and to cover all humanitarian organizations, including local Afghan organizations, at a time when so many Afghans are in desperate need of support.

“Faced with a drought that is affecting a third of the country, many Afghans have taken on crushing levels of debt and have no remaining resources to provide for their families. More than half of all children under the age of five will face acute malnutrition this year. According to the UN, conflict has already forced more than 570,000 people to flee their homes so far this year, and it estimates that an additional 250,000 people will be displaced by the end of December. A disproportionate number of those displaced are women and children. Humanitarian support is needed now more than ever as winter approaches.

“The U.S. government’s commitment of $64 million in additional humanitarian assistance at the United Nations High-Level Ministerial Meeting last week is a step in the right direction, but given the scale of humanitarian need in Afghanistan, that initial pledge must be followed up with more support. We urge Congress to now pass the supplemental funding package the Biden Administration has proposed, including $2.1 billion for the State Department and U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) to support the resettlement of Afghan evacuees in the United States as well as to respond to growing humanitarian needs inside Afghanistan and in the region.”  

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OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine (SMM) Daily Report 223/2021 issued on 24 September 2021

Fri, 24 Sep 2021 22:21:08 +0000

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Country: Ukraine
Source: Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe

Please refer to the attached file.

Based on information from the Monitoring Teams as of 19:30 23 September 2021. All times are in Eastern European Summer Time.

Summary

  • In Donetsk region, the Mission recorded 285 ceasefire violations, including 17 explosions. In the previous reporting period, it recorded 745 ceasefire violations in the region.

  • In Luhansk region, the SMM recorded 126 ceasefire violations, including 15 explosions. In the previous reporting period, it recorded 144 ceasefire violations in the region.

  • The Mission followed up on reports of damage to civilian properties in non-government-controlled Donetsk city and Dokuchaievsk as well as to a working school in Yasynuvata, Donetsk region.

  • Small-arms fire was assessed as directed at two SMM mini-unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) near government-controlled Shyrokyne, Donetsk region and non-government-controlled Kruta Hora, Luhansk region.*

  • The Mission continued monitoring the disengagement areas near Stanytsia Luhanska, Zolote and Petrivske.The SMM facilitated and monitored adherence to localized ceasefires to enable the operation and repairs of critical civilian infrastructure.

  • The Mission continued following up on the situation of civilians, including at three entry-exit checkpoints and the corresponding checkpoints of the armed formations in Luhansk region.

  • The SMM’s freedom of movement continued to be restricted, including at the checkpoints of the armed formations near Oleksandrivske and Novoazovsk in southern Donetsk region. Its mini-UAVs experienced instances of jamming.*

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SRSG Patten Remarks for UNGA 76 side event “Raising the Bar: Working towards Comprehensive Justice in Syria”, 24 September 2021

Fri, 24 Sep 2021 22:07:32 +0000

Country: Syrian Arab Republic
Source: UN Office of the SRSG on Sexual Violence in Conflict

Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen,

The conflict in Syria has marched on horrifically for more than a decade with civilians bearing the brunt of the widespread and sustained violence. The horrors of sexual violence perpetrated against Syrian women and girls, as well as men and boys, is another aspect of the tragedy that is the Syrian civil war. The use of conflict-related sexual violence has changed over the course of the conflict, but patterns have been prevalent and systematic. United Nations reports have highlighted how women and girls who were raped often witnessed the killing of male relative. In detention settings, male guards routinely subjected women and girls to intimate searches, the most invasive of which amount to rape. There was also a pattern of rape and other forms of sexual violence against men and boys in detention by the Syrian Government, including acts of genital mutilation. The reports indicated the involvement of Government forces in crimes of sexual violence at checkpoints; in the context of house-to-house searches; and in detention centers.

Since 2013, and every single year thereafter, the United Nations Secretary-General in his annual reports on conflict-related sexual violence has listed parties as being “credibly suspected of committing or being responsible for patterns of rape and other forms of sexual violence […]. “However, Government forces are not the only parties responsible for sexual violence. In the vacuum created by the Syrian conflict, non-state armed groups, including violent extremist groups, have proliferated and used sexual violence as a tactic of war and terror, as we have seen most graphically with the so-called Islamic State.

There can be no lasting peace in Syria without providing justice for the sexual violence crimes committed during the conflict against women, girls, men, and boys. Syria is the ultimate test of the international community’s resolve that legal and political commitments to address sexual violence in conflict are employed in practice.

The United Nations General Assembly has boldly addressed the challenge of ensuring redress for crimes in Syria by creating the International, Independent and Impartial Mechanism to Assist in the Investigation and Prosecution of Persons Responsible for the Most Serious Crimes in the Syrian Arab Republic. This Mechanism represents first and foremost the ultimate hope for individuals who have felt abandoned and are thirsty for justice as well as a potential deterrent against further abuses. It is mandated to investigate the conduct of all parties to the conflict who are responsible for serious international crimes, including conflict-related sexual violence, and sexual and gender-based violence crimes more broadly. The Mechanism has produced numerous case files, which create the foundation for justice to take root.

The Mechanism has also established important approaches and practices to investigating sexual and gender-based violence crimes, including conflict-related sexual violence. Judge Marchi-Uhel developed and implemented a policy based on lessons learned from the former International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. This approach paves the way to better prosecutorial outcomes for these crimes. Indeed, experience has shown that sexual and gender-based violence crimes, including conflict-related sexual violence, do not occur in a vacuum and should be identified early whilst gathering information and evidence including on other crimes. Further, this approach spans the information and evidence gathering process to analysis and the ultimate creation of case files with charges for prosecutions. The policy requires specialized training for the Mechanism’s staff on sexual and gender-based violence that is meant to ensure that no piece of information that could be used to prosecute these crimes is overlooked by any staff member. This integrated and holistic approach is a model for other institutions tasked to investigate conflict-related sexual violence crimes whether at national, regional, or international level.

Despite the work and efforts of the Mechanism, impunity for sexual violence crimes during the conflict in Syria remains the rule rather than the exception. States have the primary obligation to protect their citizens and to prosecute crimes sexual and gender-based violence crimes, including conflict-related sexual violence; however, when States are unwilling or unable to do so the international community must ensure that sexual violence crimes do not remain unpunished. At present, we rely on third State prosecutions whether under universal or other forms of jurisdiction to prosecute the horrific sexual and gender-based violence crimes that occurred during the Syrian conflict. In this context, I am encouraged to see that we are using the full spectrum of judicial mechanisms to bring perpetrators to account. I am further encouraged that third States continue to bring prosecutions against potential perpetrators of conflict-related sexual violence crimes in Syria and have established relationships with the Mechanism, because the ultimate test of any evidence gathering mechanism is whether justice is delivered for survivors and victims in a court of law.

Although third State prosecutions may be necessary, they remain limited in their ability to address the full magnitude and harm victims of serious international crimes have suffered in Syria. And although collecting evidence is the sine qua non condition for accountability, it is not sufficient to bring justice to survivors of conflict-related sexual violence in Syria. What is required is the political will to create and use genuine fora to hear cases based on the evidence that the Mechanism collects and ultimately hold perpetrators to account. There is now robust practice at the national, regional, and international levels on the prosecution of sexual and gender-based violence crimes, including conflict-related sexual violence crimes in particular, and the expertise to support such endeavours. The Mechanism as led by Judge Marchi-Uhel will continue its tireless efforts on behalf of the United Nations General Assembly to collect and preserve evidence of serious international crimes in Syria and create case files that are ready for prosecutors. However, it remains for the international community to create or use existing fora to hear the evidence the Mechanism collects in the absence of genuine and impartial prosecutions with due process of law domestically. We have yet to create that for the conflict in Syria, and for its victims of conflict-related sexual violence, and we must.

Friday, 24 September 2021

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Venezuela Regional Crisis: USG Response to the Complex Emergency (Last Updated 09/24/2021)

Fri, 24 Sep 2021 21:54:31 +0000

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Countries: Argentina, Aruba (The Netherlands), Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Curaçao (The Netherlands), Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guyana, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Source: US Agency for International Development

Please refer to the attached Map.

Venezuela Regional Crisis - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #4, Fiscal Year (FY) 2021, September 24, 2021

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Venezuela Regional Crisis - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #4, Fiscal Year (FY) 2021, September 24, 2021

Fri, 24 Sep 2021 21:49:11 +0000

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Countries: Argentina, Aruba (The Netherlands), Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Curaçao (The Netherlands), Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guyana, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, United States of America, Uruguay, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Source: US Agency for International Development

Please refer to the attached file.

SITUATION AT A GLANCE

9.3 MILLION People Estimated to be Food Insecure in Venezuela
UN – February 2020

5.7 MILLION Venezuelan Migrants and Refugees Globally
R4V – September 2021

7.5 MILLION People in Need of Humanitarian Assistance in LAC-Venezuela affected
R4V – April 2021

$708.1 MILLION Funding Requirement, 2021 Venezuela HRP
UN – June 2021

$1.4 BILLION Funding Requirement, 2021 RMRP
R4V – December 2020

  • On September 22, the USG announced more than $336 million in humanitarian and development funding for the response to the Venezuela regional crisis.

  • Governments of Colombia and Peru continue efforts to formalize legal status of Venezuelan migrants.

  • WFP launches first phase of school feeding program in Venezuela’s Falcón State.

  • Venezuela received nearly 700,000 COVID-19 vaccine doses in early September, the first delivery of vaccines to the country through the global COVAX initiative

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WFP Haiti: Emergency Situation Report #5, 19 September 2021

Fri, 24 Sep 2021 21:02:52 +0000

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Country: Haiti
Source: World Food Programme

Please refer to the attached file.

In Numbers

• 2,248 fatalities

• 12,763 people injured

• 137,585 houses damaged or destroyed

• 680,000 people affected

• 300,000 people targeted with food assistance

• 177,595 people received WFP assistance since the earthquake and 175,306 hot meals served

Highlights

• The emergency response has been escalated to a level two (L2) until December 2021.

• WFP has assisted a total 177,595 people in the affected departments with 2,027mt of food and USD 477,814 in cash-based transfers (CBT). Over 175,306 hot meals were distributed.

• WFP´s Executive Director visited Haiti from 14 to16 September.

• WFP urgently requires USD 30 million to carry on the response.

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Afghanistan: Girls’ education must be a given, urges deputy UN chief

Fri, 24 Sep 2021 20:55:31 +0000

Country: Afghanistan
Source: UN News Service

Ensuring all Afghan girls can be educated must be “a zero condition” for the Taliban, before international recognition of their de facto authority, UN Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed said on Friday.

Ms. Mohammed was speaking during a panel discussion on supporting a future for girls’ education in Afghanistan, held on the margins of the UN General Assembly.

Prominent women advocates from Afghanistan and the international community also participated in the discussion, held both online and in person, and moderated by BBC correspondent Laura Trevelyan from UN Headquarters in New York.

‘Front and centre’

Asked if international aid to Afghanistan could be conditional on education for women and girls, Ms. Mohammed responded “absolutely”, stating that the issue “continues to remain upfront” in ongoing discussions with the de facto authorities.

“This is where we have to have resolve: that recognition comes with your ability to be part of a global family. That has a certain set of values and rights that must be adhered to. And education is up front and centre, especially for girls and for women.”

The deputy UN chief urged the international community to draw on Afghan women’s expertise and support them in preventing a reversal of two decades of gains in girls’ education.

A ‘zero condition’

Ms. Mohammed also reminded Afghan women that the UN is still on the ground, delivering for the people.

“You can be assured that we will continue to amplify your voices and make it a zero condition that girls must have an education before the recognition of any Government that comes in,” she said.

Education is ‘everything’

The Taliban seized power in August and recently confirmed that while secondary schools were reopening, only boys would be returning to the classroom. Women teachers in the country are also unable to return to work.

This week, the administration’s spokesperson said a “safe learning environment” would need to be established before girls could go back to high school, according to media reports.

For engineer Somaya Faruqi, captain of the Afghan girls’ robotics team that has competed worldwide, education means “everything”.

“My generation grew up with a dream: achieving great things for our country by pursuing an education. The world will have everything to gain by standing with us,” said Ms. Faruqi, who left Afghanistan in the wake of the takeover.

Education is both a right and an investment in a country’s future, said Henrietta Fore, Executive Director of the UN Children’s Fund, UNICEF.

‘Important moment’

Prior to the Taliban takeover, UNICEF was operating in areas of Afghanistan under the group’s control. She said the agency learned that many Taliban members believed education was important for their boys and girls.

Even though UNICEF tripled the number of schools open in Afghanistan, with 10 million children attending, four million of them girls, the country was already falling behind in educational provision. COVID-19 has further impacted progress.

“Girls and boys in many of the provinces are starting to return to school, but we are not seeing the girls returning to secondary school,” said Ms. Fore.

“So, this is a real important moment for the de-facto authorities to be thinking about in every region, in every rural village: how to get the children - all the children, girls and boys - to school.”

Both Ms. Fore and the UN Deputy Secretary-General spoke of the promise of digital technology and distance learning as a solution for expanding educational opportunities.

"Out in the rural communities, there is skills-building and there are community-based programmes, and we can do more with distance education and remote learning," the UNICEF chief said. "We need to have women teachers going back to schools, and we need more women teachers."

No compromises on women’s rights

Nobel Peace Prize laureate and UN Messenger of Peace, Malala Yousafzai, famously survived a Taliban assassination attempt while a teenager campaigning for girls’ education in her native Pakistan.

Ms. Yousafzai feared the return of atrocities targeting women, as well as terrorism and extremism, both in Afghanistan and the region, and urged the international community to ensure women’s rights are upheld.

“We cannot make compromises on the protection of women's rights and on the protection of human dignity. This is a commitment that the UN has made, that they are there to work for the protection of human dignity,” she said.

“So now is the time that we stick to that commitment and ensure that their rights in government are protected. And one of those important rights is the right to education.”

'Listen to the people'

Fawzia Koofi, Afghanistan’s first woman Deputy Speaker of Parliament, was also the first girl in her family to go to school.

She believes other predominantly Muslim countries in the region could press the Taliban on girls’ education, because what is happening in Afghanistan differs from the rest of the Islamic world.

“Within the Taliban there might be individuals who have a different interpretation of Islamic principles, or even a self-made interpretation, which cannot become part of the government's policy,” said Ms. Koofi.

“When they were fighting, probably they had a different policy. But when they are in the government, they have to listen to the people of Afghanistan.”

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Central America and Caribbean Key Message Update: Food insecurity increases in Haiti and persists in other parts of the region, September 2021

Fri, 24 Sep 2021 20:55:28 +0000

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Countries: El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Nicaragua
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network

Please refer to the attached file.

Key Messages

  • In Haiti, the August 14 earthquake and August 16 landfall of tropical depression Grace have increased the population facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3 outcomes) by 50 percent through December 2021 compared to before the earthquake. Impacts were most significant in the department of Sud. In addition to the loss of life, these back-to-back shocks displaced thousands of people, destroyed infrastructure and assets, and disrupted markets, trade routes, and livelihood activities.

  • Some early-planted fall crops in mountainous areas were destroyed by landslides; some damage was reported to maize and pea crops, worst affecting poorer households whose crops are primary source of food and income. Many farmers lost agricultural tools and seeds in the earthquake, which will limit their capacities for the fall agricultural season. Given that these shocks come on top of already high food prices and sociopolitical instability, food access for the poor and the poorest households is expected to be lower than usual as income sources reduce and expenses increase for rebuilding their livelihoods.

  • In Central America, relief from the approaching harvests and seasonal labor opportunities will not be sufficient to avoid Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes for the poorest households of the Honduran and Guatemalan Dry Corridor, areas impacted by Eta and Iota and the coffee-producing areas of central and eastern Honduras and western El Salvador through January 2022. In these areas, incomes remain low and household debt has grown, smallholder farmers face below-average maize and bean production, and households that rely on agricultural labor opportunities face constraints due to high transportation costs and reduced demand for labor related to coffee production.

  • Postrera harvests are expected to be near average. However, localized excess moisture during the August to November rainy season may cause some maize and bean crop losses. A seasonal decrease in maize and bean prices is expected in El Salvador and Honduras and markets are well supplied and operating normally across the region. In both Guatemala and Nicaragua, however, maize prices have remained significantly above the five-year average, due to supply chain disruption, atypical increases, and price speculation. Higher food prices, as well as increasing transportation and gas prices throughout the region, are constraining household purchasing power.

  • Vaccination progress has been uneven and multiple waves of COVID-19 are expected throughout this outlook period. There are no restrictions in place despite of the high number of infections and national governments are not likely to reinstate stringent COVID-19-related restrictions. This is expected to allow for gradual economic recovery and an improvement in household incomes, particularly for households reliant on tourism, commerce, services, or informal employment.

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World: At UN, Hungary urges vaccine access for all, warns of migration spike if inequity persists

Fri, 24 Sep 2021 20:49:01 +0000

Countries: Afghanistan, World
Source: UN News Service

Hungary’s Foreign Minister on Thursday evening called for equitable access to COVID-19 vaccines and warned that without it, “massive waves of migrants will hit the road” in search of healthcare and relief from the pandemic’s economic fallout.

Péter Szijjártó, the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade, praised the global medical and scientific communities for their fast development of the life-saving shots and stressed that: “Vaccination is the only answer. Vaccines must be provided to everybody and produced in as many places as possible.”

Vaccines should not be a matter of ideology or politics because saving lives should not be ideological or political, he continued, urging regulations at the national, regional, and international level to authorize various types of vaccines “based on facts, leaving politics out of the equation.”

Impact of the pandemic

Noting that millions of jobs have been lost worldwide, the global flow of trade and investment had been disrupted, the Foreign Miniter said **the most important task now is to save as many jobs **as possible, or at least to recover the lost jobs and create new ones.

“People must make their living from work and not depend on social aid, which puts them in a defenseless position, makes them vulnerable and brings states into indebtedness,” Mr. Szijjártó said in his in-person address to the high-level debate of the UN General Assembly. 

After being held almost entirely virtually last year due to the pandemic, this year’s gathering is being held in a hybrid format, combining in-person and virtual participation.

Conversely, the Foreign Minister continued, work brings dignity and a predictable future, he said, noting that Hungary has decided to pay back income tax to families with children if economic growth reaches 5.5 per cent.

Pandemic-migration ‘vicious circle’

Calling on the international community to move swiftly to address the pandemic’s economic fallout, Mr. Szijjártó warned: “If we are not able to ensure vaccinations; if we are not able to tackle the economic challenges, then there will be further massive migratory waves launched.”

Indeed, he explained: “The pandemic and migration together make up a kind of vicious circle. The more serious the health care and economic impacts of COVID-19, the more people will hit the road.”

As such, he said that migration does not only comprise “civilizational and security risks”, it includes very serious health risks as well.

“**Without vaccines for everybody, there will be future massive waves of migration**,” he argued, reiterating that the more the virus spreads, the more people will migrate, and as more people migrate, the more the virus will spread.

Afghanistan

He went on to note that, after 20 years in Afghanistan, the international community must admit its failure and analyze what mistakes were made. But for now, the main duty was to mitigate the damage. Afghanistan must not become a safe haven for terrorists again, but at the same time, additional migration from that country would be a direct security threat in the region and in Europe.

“We have to strengthen the global fight against terror and here, the United Nations should play an important role. But the United Nations will not be able to play that role until the UN Counterterrorism Office is funded as a part of the Organization’s regular budget” Mr. Szijjártó argued.

For its part, Hungary had evacuated all Afghans who had assisted its troops that participated in the international mission, “and we will take care of them, but we will not receive anyone else”.

The Foreign Minister recalled that Hungary had opposed the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, and he vowed that his country would protect its border, stand up to pressure and decide for itself who will enter its territory.

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Colombia: Natural Hazards Monitoring - 23 September, 2021

Fri, 24 Sep 2021 20:45:45 +0000

Countries: Colombia, United States of America
Source: Pan American Health Organization

Official

Severe Weather

Colombia (Update)

On 22 September, the Colombia National Unit for Disaster Risk Management (UNGRD as per its acronym in Spanish) updated the situation regarding the ongoing flooding caused by the overflow of the Cauca River in the La Mojana Sub-region in Sucre, Bolívar, Córdoba, and Anquioquia Departmenst. A total of 30,286 families including 109,594 persons have been affected in the municipalities most impacted by the flooding are San Jacinto del Cauca, Magangué in Bolivar Department, Ayapel in Córdoba Department and Guaranda, Majagual, San Marcos, Caimito, San Benito Abad in Sucre Department. According to the Damage Assessment and Needs Analysis (EDAN as per its acronym in Spanish) 2,969 houses, 3 health centers, 9 aqueducts, 6 pedestrian bridges, and 72 education institutions sustained damages. In addition, 24,253 agricultural acres, 6,757 cattle, 6,083 pigs, 603 horses, 40,287 poultry, and more than 550,000 fish have been negatively impacted by the flooding. UNGRD has distributed 14,474 food kits, 14,254 toilet and kitchen kits, 12,654 mosquito nets, 12,654 blankets, 11,640 hammocks, 9,514 mats, and 1,200 tents. There are 48 shelters with the capacity to house 3,300 families in both rural and urban settings; currently there are 190 families housed in shelters. The report is available at: UNGRD.

Wildfire

United States of America (Update)

On 23 September, the United States Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) provided a final wildfire update on the Caldor Fire and the Schneider Springs Fire. In El Dorado, California, the Caldor Fire has burned 220,877 acres and is 76% contained. A total of 420 residents continueunder mandatory evacuation orders while 1,340 houses are threatened, 53 have sustained damages, and 782 have been destroyed. Overall, a total of19 injuries have been reported. In Yakima, Washington State, the Schneider Springs Fire has burned 105,523 acres and is 32% contained. There are 240 residents under mandatory evacuation orders, 1,658 structures (a mix of residential, commercial, and other minor structures) are threatened, and 16 injuries have been reported. The report is available at: FEMA.

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UNHCR Ecuador: Ibarra Field Office Factsheet, September 2021

Fri, 24 Sep 2021 20:40:52 +0000

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Countries: Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees

Please refer to the attached file.

UNHCR opened the Ibarra Field Office in 2000, covering Imbabura Province, as well as two cantons in Pichincha Province, Cayambe and Pedro Moncayo. Strategically located half-way between the Colombian border and Quito, Imbabura has a long tradition of welcoming refugees and asylum-seekers. Most Venezuelans and Colombians seeking safety in Ecuador cross Imbabura along the Pan-American Highway; while Imbabura is a region of transit, and there is also a significant number of People of Concern who chose to locally integrate in Imbabura due to the opportunities to work in the agriculture, textiles and tourism sectors.

Despite the long history of hosting refugees, Imbabura is a conservative region, with high levels of xenophobia and discrimination. With increased arrivals of Venezuelans, there has been forced evictions of Venezuelans, and public protests against Venezuelans and service providers in various cities in Imbabura. Peaceful coexistence remains an on-going challenge for all actors. Furthermore, UNHCR continues to work on improving reception conditions, access to humanitarian assistance, local integration, as well as ensuring security and health in the context of COVID-19.

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Active USAID Programs for the Haiti Humanitarian Response (Last Updated 09/24/21)

Fri, 24 Sep 2021 20:40:01 +0000

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Country: Haiti
Source: US Agency for International Development

Please refer to the attached Map.

Haiti – Earthquake Fact Sheet #14, Fiscal Year (FY) 2021

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