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ReliefWeb - Updates

South Sudan: African Union disappoints on justice

Thu, 05 Aug 2021 04:58:36 +0000

Country: South Sudan
Source: Human Rights Watch

Rights Groups Urge AU to Deliver on Commitments for Accountability

(Nairobi) – The African Union Commission’s failure to advance justice for the countless victims of atrocities in South Sudan raises concerns about the regional body’s commitment to accountability, 34 South Sudanese, regional, and international rights organizations said in a letter to the AU Commission released today.

The South Sudanese government, after years of delay, announced on January 29, 2021 that it had approved the establishment of the Hybrid Court for South Sudan, along with truth telling and compensation mechanisms, provided for under the 2018 Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan, which ended the country’s brutal civil war. The AU Commission chairperson, Moussa Faki Mahamat, welcomed the statement and promised to work with the government to create the court. But six months on, the rights groups said they have found no evidence of any concrete action taken, and the AU has not responded to their June 14 letter.

The people of South Sudan “entrusted the AU to ensure that justice is delivered and contributes to ending the culture of impunity,” the groups said in the letter. “The AU’s apparent inaction raises serious questions about the AU’s credibility not only in atrocity prevention in South Sudan, but across the African continent where many are looking to you for justice.”

The AU’s 2014 Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan recommended the creation of “an Africa-led, Africa-owned, Africa-resourced legal mechanism under the aegis of the African Union,” which would include South Sudanese judges and lawyers, to bring justice for international crimes committed during South Sudan’s conflict. The AU also released a Transitional Justice Policy in 2019 that provides for justice and accountability for international crimes alongside other non-criminal measures to help rebuild societies that have suffered widespread violence, such as South Sudan.

In 2015, the US government committed US$5 million to the AU to help set up the Hybrid Court for South Sudan. After several years, during which the AU did not use the majority of the funds, the US State Department confirmed in July that an unused allocation of US$3.65 million would not be renewed.

“The current paralysis undermines the notion of African solutions to African problems, and risks signaling that the AU is unable and unwilling to exert leadership where it matters most for the people whom the AU represents,” the groups said in the letter. “The adoption of the AU Transitional Justice Policy will be meaningless if the AU does not act when it has taken on a lead role in advancing accountability, as it did in South Sudan.”

Human rights organizations have previously said that the AU Commission should work with the South Sudanese authorities on the court’s formation, but should also move ahead to establish the court if South Sudan’s authorities lag on needed steps, such as adoption of the court’s statute. This is consistent with the 2018 peace agreement, and the earlier 2015 peace agreement, which provides for the AU Commission to establish the court. The AU should confirm publicly that it remains committed to creating the hybrid court and providing a credible roadmap and timeline.

South Sudanese, African, and international organizations “reiterate that it is incumbent on the AU Commission … to take immediate action to show that it remains committed to the inherent right of the people of South Sudan to have justice,” the groups said in the letter.

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“I Thought Our Life Might Get Better”: Implementing Afghanistan’s Elimination of Violence against Women Law

Thu, 05 Aug 2021 04:00:57 +0000

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Country: Afghanistan
Source: Human Rights Watch

Please refer to the attached file.

Afghanistan: Justice system failing women

Taliban Gains Further Risk Crucial Legal Protections

(New York) – The Afghan government’s failure to provide accountability for violence against women and girls has undermined progress to protect women’s rights, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today. Gains by Taliban forces as the United States completes its troop withdrawal leaves the current Afghan state, and women’s rights in particular, uncertain.

The 32-page report, “‘I Thought Our Life Might Get Better’: Implementing Afghanistan’s Elimination of Violence against Women Law,” focuses on the experiences of Afghan women in their attempts to pursue justice against family members and others responsible for violence. Human Rights Watch found that limited enforcement of the landmark Elimination of Violence against Women (EVAW) law has left many women and girls with no path to key protections and justice. With the Taliban making sweeping territorial gains, the prospect of a Taliban-dominated government also threatens constitutional and international law protections for Afghan women’s fundamental rights.

“International donors need to strengthen their commitment to protect Afghan women caught between government inaction and expanding Taliban control,” said Patricia Gossman, associate Asia director at Human Rights Watch. “Governments that have long supported women’s rights in Afghanistan should advocate forcefully for enforcement of the EVAW law, which has driven slow but genuine change.”

With donor funding and global interest in Afghanistan declining alongside the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan, women’s rights organizations and other civil society groups have raised concerns that there will be less international support for the advocacy and training needed to protect and strengthen implementation of the law. Such support has been critically important in protecting women and girls, Human Rights Watch said.

The report is based on 61 interviews with women and girls who had reported crimes, prosecutors, judges, lawyers, legal aid providers, and advocacy groups.

Since 2001, legal reforms in Afghanistan, along with expanded educational and employment opportunities, have been heralded as significant advances for Afghan women and girls. Improvements in legal protections emerged through the training of a cadre of women lawyers, prosecutors, and judges, and the adoption of new laws. Among the most important of these was the EVAW law.

The EVAW law, decreed by the president in 2009 and reconfirmed in 2018, makes 22 acts of abuse toward women criminal offenses, including rape, battery, forced marriage, preventing women from acquiring property, and prohibiting a woman or girl from going to school or work. Despite considerable resistance from conservatives inside the Afghan judiciary and parliament, the law has contributed to some genuine progress, facilitating a rise in both reporting and investigations of violent crimes against women and girls.

However, full implementation of the law remains elusive, with police, prosecutors, and judges often deterring women from filing complaints and pressing them to seek mediation within their family instead. For women who experience abuse, family pressure, financial dependence, stigma associated with filing a complaint, and fear of reprisals, including losing their children, have also created formidable obstacles to registering cases.

From the moment an Afghan woman or girl decides to file a complaint under the EVAW law, she faces resistance. In many cases involving violence from a male family member – often the husband – police discourage women from filing a case and pressure her to go home and reconcile. A woman in Herat whose husband frequently beat her said that when she complained, his parents told her that “a husband has such rights.”

Even if a woman manages to file a case, pressure from relatives frequently compels her to withdraw it. A woman who had been beaten repeatedly by both her father and her husband said that the prosecutor and her attorney told her to return home and “sacrifice herself for her children.” In most cases, women do not have access to lawyers.

Women are also pressured to accept mediation to resolve complaints and are put at risk by being coerced to reconcile with their abuser. Although the law prohibits mediation in cases of particularly egregious harm, some officials refer women and their relatives to mediation even for violent crimes, bypassing the justice system altogether and reinforcing impunity for the most serious crimes.

Police failure to arrest suspects is one of the most common reasons that cases do not progress. Police are particularly reluctant to arrest husbands accused of violence against their wives. While the revised 2018 penal code stipulates that “honor” is not a defense in a murder case, “honor killings” remain widespread. Particularly in rural areas, judicial authorities often condone them.

Many women and girls who report violent crimes against them, including but not limited to sexual assault, describe being subjected to invasive and abusive vaginal examinations, or “virginity tests,” a widely discredited practice with no scientific basis. Reported “findings” are often accepted as evidence in court, sometimes contributing to long prison sentences for the women and girls. Although the World Health Organization (WHO) issued guidelines in 2014 saying that such tests have no scientific validity, they remain widespread.

Despite its limitations and weak enforcement, the EVAW law is a critical legislative tool for combatting discriminatory and violent offenses against women and girls in Afghanistan. Among some jurists, the law has given other rights-promoting laws, like the anti-harassment law, a foothold, and has begun to change perceptions about addressing violence in the home and in larger Afghan society.

Growing Taliban influence and control, and the possibility of a future coalition government with conservative politicians, has heightened fears among Afghan women’s rights advocates that legislation like the EVAW law will be in danger.

“It’s vital for Afghanistan’s international partners to continue to provide substantial financial and political support to preserve the legal reforms that ensure protections for women facing violence inside and outside the home,” Gossman said.

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Pakistan: Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA): Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Daily Situation Report (4 August 2021, Evening)

Thu, 05 Aug 2021 03:59:09 +0000

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Country: Pakistan
Source: Government of Pakistan

Please refer to the attached file.

INCIDENTS DETAIL

DISTRICT:

Dera Ismail Khan

DETAIL OF INCIDENT:

On 04-08-2021, During heavy rainfall the roof of a room of the house of Gulzar Ahmad r/o Tehsil & District DI Khan collapsed.

SOURCE:

Commissioner Office D.I.Khan Division

DISTRICT:

Karak

DETAIL OF INCIDENT:

On 30-07-2021, Due to heavy rainfall, the following Losses/damages are reported at Tehsil Takhat-e-Nasrati, District Karak.1. Rzai Ullah s/o Nasir Ullah (death)2. Fariha Awarang zib d/o Awarang Zib (injured)3. Shakil Ahmad s/o Muhammad Ayub (boundary wall 45 feet)4. Muhammad Ayaz s/o Mir Jan Gul (boundary wall)5. Sulman Ghani s/o Mir Khan Shah (boundary wall).

SOURCE:

Assistant Commissioner/DDMO Karak

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Atrocity Alert No. 264: Myanmar (Burma), South Sudan and Bosnia and Herzegovina

Thu, 05 Aug 2021 03:54:21 +0000

Countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Myanmar, South Sudan
Source: Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect

Atrocity Alert is a weekly publication by the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect highlighting situations where populations are at risk of, or are enduring, mass atrocity crimes.

CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY CONTINUE SIX MONTHS AFTER MYANMAR COUP

Sunday, 1 August, marked six months since the military coup in Myanmar. After Commander-in-Chief Min Aung Hlaing overthrew the civilian-led government and declared a state of emergency on 1 February, millions of people peacefully protested, demanding a return to civilian rule and respect for human rights. The security forces have consistently responded to protests across the country with excessive and lethal force, recklessly using tear gas, water cannon, stun grenades and live ammunition against unarmed demonstrators. According to the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners, since 1 February at least 946 people have been killed by the security forces and 5,495 are currently arbitrarily detained, including pro-democracy activists as well as children, human rights defenders, journalists and medical personnel.

The coup also precipitated an escalation of violence between Myanmar’s Armed Forces and various ethnic armed groups, as well as “people’s defense forces” – civilian militias formed to oppose the reimposition of military rule. The UN Refugee Agency estimates that 170,200 people have been displaced by clashes in the south-east of the country since 1 February, particularly in Kayan, Kayin and Shan states. Clashes in Chin and Kachin states have also exacerbated the growing humanitarian and human rights crisis in the country.

Despite ongoing protests and the military junta’s abject failure to contain a catastrophic COVID-19 outbreak, on 1 August General Min Aung Hlaing declared himself Prime Minister and extended the state of emergency until August 2023.

The UN Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in Myanmar, Tom Andrews, has called for an emergency “COVID ceasefire” in Myanmar and for decisive international action, arguing that, “it is critical that nations stand with and for the besieged people of Myanmar who are being held hostage by an illegal military junta. It is time for strong, focused and coordinated action that includes economic sanctions and an arms embargo.”

Since the coup, the UN Security Council has held several meetings on Myanmar, including an Arria Formula meeting on 29 July, but has not taken any substantive action. Meanwhile, on 4 August the Association of Southeast Asian Nations finally announced that they have appointed Brunei’s second minister for foreign affairs, Erywan Yusof, as their special envoy to Myanmar. More than three months after the regional group agreed to a “Five-Point Consensus” plan to end the crisis in Myanmar, none of the other proposed measures have been implemented.

Dr. Simon Adams, Executive Director of the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect, said that, “six months since the coup, the whole world knows that what’s happening in Myanmar constitutes crimes against humanity. Nevertheless, General Min Aung Hlaing is still getting away with murder. The military’s human rights violations and abuses are illegal under international law and should no longer be tolerated.”

42 PEOPLE KILLED IN SPATE OF EXTRAJUDICIAL EXECUTIONS IN SOUTH SUDAN

Since March the Human Rights Division of the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) has documented at least 14 incidents in Warrap State that have resulted in the extrajudicial execution of 29 men, including boys and elderly men. According to UNMISS, eyewitnesses reported that, “the victims were allegedly removed from prison or police custody and brought before local officials for ‘sentencing’ … some men were taken to remote areas, tied to trees, and executed by firing squad.”

The UN Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan (CHRSS) found that members of the South Sudan People’s Defence Forces, the National Police Service or the National Security Service carried out the executions or were in the vicinity at the time of the killings. At least 13 people have also reportedly been arbitrarily executed “at the instruction of state officials” in Lakes State since mid-June.

The spate of extrajudicial executions coincides with the appointment of Aleu Ayieny Aleu as the Governor of Warrap State. Upon his appointment in January, Governor Aleu pledged to end inter-communal violence and restore peace and stability to Warrap State. He also allegedly encouraged violence against “thieves and criminals.” Most of the individuals extrajudicially executed in Warrap State were accused of criminal activity and were not given access to a fair trial.

Yasmin Sooka, Chair of the CHRSS, said that, “the brazen and cruel manner of [the extrajudicial] executions illustrates and reinforces a disturbing dysfunctionality of governance and society, and is in complete disregard of the human rights of alleged suspects.” The CHRSS found that the authorities were exploiting local disputes and using extrajudicial executions to garner public support. Weak state structures, as well as a lack of trust in the justice system, has driven some communities to favor extrajudicial executions as a means of ending the cycle of retaliatory inter-communal violence.

South Sudan’s transitional government needs to urgently invest in the judicial sector, and expeditiously establish the transitional justice mechanisms agreed to in the 2018 peace agreement. Local and state authorities need to respect and protect human rights, including the rights of criminal suspects to due process and a fair trial, and strictly adhere to the rule of law. All alleged extrajudicial executions should be properly investigated and those responsible held to account. The government must also address the underlying causes of inter-communal violence, including local competition for access to resources and power.

BANNING GENOCIDE DENIAL IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

On 23 July Valentin Inzko, the outgoing UN High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, issued a decree outlawing the glorification of convicted war criminals and the denial of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. The decree introduced jail terms of up to five years for anyone who “publicly condones, denies, grossly trivializes or tries to justify” atrocities committed during the 1992-1995 Bosnian war. The amendments were announced amidst an increase in divisive political rhetoric glorifying convicted perpetrators such as Ratko Mladić, former Commander of the Bosnian Serb Army. On 8 June an international appeals chamber in The Hague upheld Mladić’s conviction for genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Some Bosnian Serb politicians have refused to accept Inzko’s decree. On 30 June the parliament of the Serb Republic – one of the two major political components of Bosnia and Herzegovina – unanimously adopted its own legal amendments in order to punish individuals who “disparage or label the Serb Republic or its people as genocidal or aggressor.”

The UN Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide, Alice Wairimu Nderitu, stressed that the “denial of genocide, war crimes or crimes against humanity, as well as glorification of those who have committed such crimes, simultaneously feeds on and strengthens contested narratives about the past, the present and the future. It turns perpetrators and war criminals into heroes. It sows fear, mistrust and hate. It divides people, communities and States.”

Acknowledging and pursuing accountability for past atrocities is a crucial part of the ongoing struggle for truth, reconciliation and non-recurrence. It is imperative that all victims and survivors of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity perpetrated in Bosnia and Herzegovina receive the recognition and justice they deserve.

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South Sudan Joint Market Monitoring Initiative (JMMI) 1–7 July 2021

Thu, 05 Aug 2021 02:08:27 +0000

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Country: South Sudan
Source: REACH Initiative

Please refer to the attached file.

INTRODUCTION

In an effort to inform cash-based interventions and better understand market dynamics in South Sudan, the Joint Market Monitoring Initiative (JMMI) was created by the South Sudan Cash Working Group (CWG) in August 2019. The initiative is guided by the JMMI Technical Working Group (JMMI-TWG), led by REACH and supported by the CWG members. The initiative is funded by World Food Programme.

Marketplaces across South Sudan are assessed on a monthly basis. In each location, field teams record prices and other market indicators through trader interviews.

This factsheet presents an overview of prices for key foods and non-food items (NFIs) in the assessed areas, as well as the costs associated with key elements of the Multi-Sector Survival Minimum Expenditure Basket (MSSMEB).

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IOM Country Strategy for Mozambique 2021–2023 [EN/PT]

Thu, 05 Aug 2021 01:40:51 +0000

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Country: Mozambique
Source: International Organization for Migration

Please refer to the attached files.

IOM Launches Country Strategy for Mozambique

Maputo – The International Organization for Migration (IOM) today launched the Country Strategy for Mozambique, culminating a development process undertaken jointly with the Government of Mozambique and development partners. The strategy lays out programming plans for the 2021-2023 period, focused around three strategic priorities: Migration Governance, Promoting Resilience and Durable Solutions, and Humanitarian Preparedness and Response.

“IOM Mozambique is committed to promote well-managed migration as a key factor for development, by supporting the Government of Mozambique and its partners to implement whole-of-government migration governance approaches that support resilient communities,” said IOM Mozambique Chief of Mission, Laura Tomm-Bonde. “This Strategy lays out plans for continued programming to maximize migration as a contributor to development, while simultaneously responding to those on the move who are in urgent need of support.”

Mozambique is affected by multifaceted migration issues: more than 800,000 persons have been internally displaced due to natural disasters as well as insecurity since 2017. The country is located along the Southern Route migration corridor, frequently used by migrants from East and the Horn of Africa to travel to South Africa. In this context of dynamic human mobility, Mozambique is presented with both challenge and opportunity to leverage the complex relationship between migration and development.

“The IOM Mozambique Strategy follows Mozambique’s own development strategy, as well as the Sustainable Development Goals,” said Francisco Neto Novela, Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, in his remarks during the Strategy launch. “The launch of this Strategy will allow IOM Mozambique to have a new dynamic to its activities. We thank IOM for inclusion and consultation in the elaboration of the strategy.”

“Southern Africa is a region historically characterized by dynamic human mobility that contributes to countries’ economies and also livelihoods of communities,” said Charles Kwenin, Regional Director at the IOM Regional Office for Southern Africa. “This strategy responds to Mozambique’s context and national development agenda. It is embedded in IOM’s belief that migration is a human reality, which if well managed, will benefit countries of origin, transit, and destination, as well as the migrants and society as a whole.”

The Strategy was developed in close coordination with the Government and also included a Government review workshop. Furthermore, IOM consulted a vast number of actors, including NGOs, UN agencies, donors and other partners, through online questionnaires.

IOM continues to work closely with the Government of Mozambique and various stakeholders on the multifaceted migration issues affecting the country. IOM is the Government of Mozambique’s key partner in continuously improving migration management and governance and safeguarding the dignity and protection of migrants and migration-affected communities.

The IOM Country Strategy for Mozambique 2021 – 2023 is aligned to IOM’s Continental Strategy for Africa as well as IOM’s Regional Strategy for Southern Africa, in order to consider both regional and continental migration dynamics which reach beyond national boundaries. The Strategy is consistent with the goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (the SDGs) as well as the objectives of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, to which Mozambique is a signatory.

The IOM Country Strategy for Mozambique is available on the IOM Publications website in English and in Portuguese.

*For additional information, please contact Sascha Nlabu at IOM Mozambique, Phone: +258 86 801 2222, Email *snlabu@iom.int *or Manuel Mabuiangue at IOM Mozambique, Tel: +258 84 734 5420, Email: *mmabuiangue@iom.int

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India: PM announces ex-gratia from PMNRF for West Bengal flood victims

Thu, 05 Aug 2021 01:28:26 +0000

Country: India
Source: Government of India

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has announced an ex-gratia of Rs. 2 lakh to be given to the next of kin of those who lost their lives due to flooding in parts of West Bengal. He also announced Rs. 50,000 to those injured.

A PMO tweet said, “An ex-gratia of Rs. 2 lakh each from PMNRF would be given to the next of kin of those who lost their lives due to flooding in parts of West Bengal. The injured would be given Rs. 50,000.”

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Yemen Key Message Update: Rising prices continue to make food increasingly unaffordable for many households, July 2021

Thu, 05 Aug 2021 01:27:44 +0000

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Country: Yemen
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network

Please refer to the attached file.

Key Messages

  • In Yemen, rising food prices—particularly in IRG-controlled areas due to depreciation of the Aden-based Rial—are driving declining purchasing power in an environment of significantly below-average access to income. Given this and ongoing conflict—including escalated fighting in Marib since the beginning of the year and recently intensified fighting in Al Bayda and Shabwah in July—high assistance needs and widespread Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are likely to continue at the governorate level, with worst-affected households likely to face Emergency (IPC Phase 4) or Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) outcomes. Although not the most likely scenario, Famine (IPC Phase 5) would be possible if food supply is cut off for a prolonged period of time.

  • The Yemeni economy continues to be impacted by shortages of foreign currency due to protracted conflict, political instability, and tensions in the south between the internationally recognized government (IRG) and the Southern Transitional Council (STC). The local currency has continued to depreciate in IRG-controlled areas despite regulations issued by the Central Bank of Yemen (CBY) in Aden (mostly unenforced directives to exchange businesses to cease currency speculation), with the parallel market exchange rate reaching a new record when it surpassed 1000 YER/USD on July 11, 2021. Following a brief period of appreciation around the Eid holidays, the exchange rate again surpassed 1000 YER/USD in late July. This depreciation is largely attributable to the reported arrival of currency printed over the last couple of months alongside ongoing currency speculation. Currency depreciation continues to drive price increases of most food and non-food commodities in IRG-controlled areas, rendering food increasingly unaffordable for many households despite availability in markets.

  • According to data from FAO, the average cost of the minimum food basket at the national level has increased by more than 20 percent since the beginning of the year, to reach levels 29 percent higher than last year and 85 percent above average as of the last week of June. IRG areas have been worst affected, though food prices have also been increasing in SBA-controlled areas due largely to rising fuel prices. After more than six years of conflict and economic crisis, many poor Yemeni households have exhausted less-severe available livelihood coping options such as selling household assets and buying food on credit. Additionally, available information suggests that an increasing number of middle-income households are also engaging in strategies including borrowing, buying food on credit, or buying cheaper foods, while other middle-income households have already exhausted these strategies alongside poor households. Key informant information suggests an increasing number of worst-affected households are engaging in more severe strategies such as early marriage of daughters or skipping meals.

  • According to news reports, customs workers at Aden seaport announced a strike on July 26. This followed a decision by IRG authorities to double the exchange rate used in customs transactions for imports of non-food commodities (excepting fuel) from 250 to 500 YER/USD. The strike is expected to be resolved before any shortages in commodities would be expected, though further upward pressure on prices of non-food commodities is anticipated.

  • The second rainy season started in the highlands in late June/early July, with average to above-average rainfall recorded to date as of mid-July. This is expected to support crop conditions and availability of pastures in highland areas, which will likely support livestock body conditions. However, atypical storms and heavy rainfall in lowland areas have caused flooding in eastern Yemen since mid-July. The governorates of Al Maharah, Hadramaut, Shabwah, Abyan, and Al Jawf were all affected by flash floods, causing loss of life, destroying crops, and resulting in damage to critical infrastructure including roads and telecommunication networks.

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Under-five malnutrition among Palestine refugee children living in camps in Jordan: a mixed-methods study

Thu, 05 Aug 2021 01:21:53 +0000

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Countries: Jordan, occupied Palestinian territory
Source: British Medical Journal

Please refer to the attached file.

Nada AbuKishk, Hannah Gilbert, Akihiro Seita, Joia Mukherjee, Peter J Rohloff

Abstract

Background

Jordan hosts the largest Palestine refugee population in the world. The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) is the primary healthcare provider for Palestine refugees. To better inform UNRWA’s health programme, we conducted this study to assess the prevalence and determinants of malnutrition among Palestine refugee children in Jordan and to analyse caregiver perceptions of food insecurity and structural barriers to accessing food.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted with a randomly selected sample of 405 households, for children under 5 years old in two refugee camps in Jordan, Jerash and Souf. Sociodemographic, food insecurity, diet quality and child anthropometric data were collected. Also, twenty in-depth interviews were conducted with children’s caregivers, along with two focus group discussions with UNRWA staff.

Results

Out of the 367 participants, the prevalence of stunting was 23.8% in Jerash and 20.4% in Souf (p=0.46), and overweight was 18.2% versus 7.1%, respectively (p=0.008). However, high food insecurity in Jerash was 45.7% and 26.5% in Souf (p=0.001), with no significant difference after multivariable adjustment. Qualitative perspectives saw food insecurity and low-quality children’s diets as largely mediated by job and income insecurity, especially marked in Jerash due to the lack of Jordanian citizenship.

Conclusion

We found a moderate-to-high prevalence of stunting and overweight levels among Palestine refugee children, which are three times higher than the 2012 Demographic and Health Survey data for Jordanian non-refugee children. High rates of household food insecurity were closely tied to households’ lack of essential civil and economic rights. We call for international collective efforts to expand economic livelihoods for Palestine refugees and to support UNRWA’s ongoing operations.

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Fiji: De-silting works in Nabuna drainage scheme to benefit over 300 residents

Thu, 05 Aug 2021 01:13:49 +0000

Country: Fiji
Source: Government of Fiji

Over 300 residents of Yaladro and Garampani in Tavua will no longer have to worry about crossing the flooded road to get to Tavua town during the rainy season.

This follows the completion of drainage works by the Ministry of Waterways that will benefit more than 300 households, including farmers and school children.

Advisory Counselor, Paras Ram Reddy said the Yaladro road used by residents of Garampani and Yaladro often floods during rainy days as the drains are clogged with soil and sand due to runoff.

He added that due to continuous rain over a period of two days, flooded roads disrupted bus services in the community.

"As a result of the flooded roads and the halt in transportation services, farmers in Yaladro and Garampani had a difficult time transporting their produce to market," Mr Reddy said.

“Most of the residents from these areas are farmers and they mostly depend of farming for their household income. “Flooding prevents their produce from reaching the market resulting in loss of income. In addition to this, school children are also not able to attend school."

To address these concerns, the Ministry of Waterways, under the "Drainage for Rural Residential" program, has assisted the communities with desilting works to safeguard their settlement from flooding and to ensure that their daily activities are not adversely affected.

Minister for Waterways, Environment and Agriculture Dr. Mahendra Reddy said their services such as drainage works will continue despite various challenges faced by the Ministry due to COVID-19 restrictions.

He said Government's primary objective is to ensure communities around the country are well protected against floods given the restricted movement due to the pandemic and that the Ministry of Waterways will continue to assist rural households with their drainage and flood mitigation program.

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DR Congo: Compte-rendu de l’actualite des Nations Unies en RDC a la date du 4 ao슩t 2021

Thu, 05 Aug 2021 01:10:35 +0000

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Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Source: UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Please refer to the attached file.

MONUSCO

La Représentante spéciale du Secrétaire général en République démocratique du Congo et Cheffe de la MONUSCO, Bintou Keita, salue la conclusion, cette semaine, des discussions au niveau technique sur le retrait progressif, responsable et durable de la mission onusienne.

« C’est une étape importante qui démontre l’excellence du partenariat entre les Nations Unies et le gouvernement. Je salue le leadership du gouvernement et l’engagement de toutes celles et ceux impliqués dans ce processus, notamment l’esprit de dialogue et de consultations qui a animé les travaux », a-t-elle déclaré.

Pour rappel, ces discussions techniques s’inscrivent dans le cadre du groupe de travail conjoint demandé par le Conseil de sécurité (résolution 2556) et composé de la Mission, de l’équipe de pays des Nations Unies, qui inclut les agences, fonds et programmes onusiens, et du Gouvernement de la RDC pour préparer le retrait progressif, responsable et durable de la MONUSCO.”

ITURI

La MONUSCO a rénové deux routes de dessertes agricoles et trois ponts situés dans les groupements de Zadu et Baviba, en chefferie de Walendu Bindi dans le territoire d’Irumu. Ces rénovations ont également permis de donner du travail à environ 1500 jeunes, dont de nombreux combattants. Ces infrastructures ont été officiellement remises le 16 juillet dernier aux autorités locales d’Ituri.

La première route située dans le groupement Zadu et distante de neuf kilomètres, relie la localité de Kagaba à celle de Ngasu Odje. Grâce à cet appui de la MONUSCO, ce tronçon est devenu praticable pour les véhicules et les motos qui peuvent désormais acheminer des vivres produits dans une dizaine de villages jadis enclavés. Par ailleurs, il raccourcit le trajet entre Aveba- Gety et Kagaba en passant Ngasu Odje.

Les travaux ont consisté entre autres à tracer une nouvelle route et à construire un pont d’une capacité de 45 tonnes sur la rivière Ofi ; ce pont vient s’ajouter au pont Tiniya de 30 tonnes construit sur le même tronçon et inauguré quelques mois plus tôt toujours par la MONUSCO. Avant ce projet, la population utilisait un sentier entouré de végétation pour se rendre aux différents marchés, notamment le grand marché de Kagaba, en transportant leurs colis sur la tête. Pendant la période de pluies, les femmes paysannes et même les élèves étaient bloqués de part et d’autre à cause des inondations.

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Bangladesh: Epidemiological Highlights Week 29 (19-25 Jul 2021)

Thu, 05 Aug 2021 01:08:21 +0000

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Countries: Bangladesh, Myanmar
Sources: Government of Bangladesh, World Health Organization

Please refer to the attached file.

Highlights: COVID-19

As of week 29, (19-25 July 2021) there are 2,355 confirmed cases of COVID19 (SARS-CoV-2), 52,613 samples were tested, total positivity rate 4.5%.

This week (week 29), 68 new confirmed cases detected, 521 samples were tested, test positivity was 13.1%.

As of this week (week 29)

  • Median age of tested and confirmed cases is 11 (0-120) and 22 (0-100) years • Female among tested and confirmed cases is 54% and 51% • All 34/34 camps have confirmed cases (C3-151, C2W-139, C24-139, C15-134 and C4-124)

  • A total of 27 deaths from COVID-19 with the case fatality rate 1.1% • Cases per million in last 7 days 79.1, change in last 7 days -63%

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Lebanon: Un an après l'explosion de Beyrouth, le PAM aide plus de personnes que jamais au Liban

Thu, 05 Aug 2021 01:00:08 +0000

Countries: Lebanon, Syrian Arab Republic
Source: World Food Programme

BEYROUTH – Un an après les explosions meurtrières qui ont secoué Beyrouth et après des mois de crise économique qui ont plongé des millions de personnes à travers le Liban dans la pauvreté, le Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM) des Nations Unies soutient désormais une personne sur six dans le pays, soit plus qu'à aucun autre moment de son histoire.

Avec la moitié des Libanais et la quasi-totalité de la population de réfugiés syriens classés comme vivant dans une grande pauvreté, le PAM continue d'intensifier son aide pour atteindre 1,4 million de personnes dans le pays avec une aide alimentaire et en espèces.

"L'explosion du port de Beyrouth n'est pas qu'un simple souvenir d'un événement qui s'est passé il y a un an. C'est une réalité qui hante encore le peuple libanais dans tous les aspects de sa vie", a déclaré Abdallah Alwardat, représentant et directeur pays du PAM au Liban. "Au cours de l'année dernière, j'ai rencontré des familles qui, avant l'explosion, vivaient confortablement et qui maintenant s'inquiètent pour les commodités de base telles que la nourriture, le loyer et les médicaments".

Les crises économiques et politiques au Liban ont vu des familles perdre leur maison et leur emploi, de sorte que beaucoup sont désormais incapables d'acheter suffisamment de nourriture pour elles-mêmes. L'année qui a suivi les explosions dans le port de Beyrouth, la monnaie libanaise a plongé au quinzième de sa valeur antérieure et l'inflation a mis la nourriture hors de portée pour une grande partie de la population.

Le prix du panier alimentaire du PAM - composé de plusieurs aliments de base dont de l'huile et des lentilles - a quintuplé depuis le début de la crise en octobre 2019. Plus de 90 pour cent des réfugiés syriens et près de la moitié des Libanais sont actuellement en situation d'insécurité alimentaire.

Immédiatement après l'explosion de Beyrouth l'année dernière, le PAM a distribué des paniers alimentaires à 11 000 personnes et soutenu des cuisines communes par l'intermédiaire de partenaires locaux et d'ONG. Le PAM a également importé 12 500 tonnes de farine de blé au Liban pour renforcer la sécurité alimentaire du pays. Dans les semaines qui ont suivi, 90 000 personnes ont reçu une aide en espèces.

Le PAM a également apporté son soutien à plus de 200 entreprises ébranlées par l'impact dévastateur de l'explosion de Beyrouth, dont 53 entreprises appartenant à des femmes. Les entreprises ont reçu les ressources nécessaires pour couvrir les salaires des travailleurs, réparer les dégâts, acheter de nouveaux équipements et se réapprovisionner en produits et matières premières.

Créé après l'explosion du port de Beyrouth, le Fonds de subvention pour le système alimentaire du PAM au Liban (FSGF) est un nouvel outil innovant pour soutenir les micro, petites et moyennes entreprises (MPME) du système alimentaire libanais touchées par les crises. Ces entreprises jouent un rôle clé dans le soutien à la sécurité alimentaire au Liban. Il s'agit des épiceries, des boucheries, des boulangeries, des magasins de fruits et légumes, des cafés, des services de restauration à domicile et des restaurants.

Photos disponibles ici.

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Le Programme alimentaire mondial des Nations Unies est le lauréat du prix Nobel de la paix 2020. Plus grand organisme humanitaire au monde, il sauve des vies en situations d'urgence et utilise l'assistance alimentaire pour ouvrir une voie vers la paix, la stabilité et la prospérité au profit de ceux qui se relèvent d'un conflit ou d'une catastrophe ou subissent les effets du changement climatique.

Suivez-nous sur Twitter @wfp_media et @WFPLebanon

Contact

Pour plus d'informations, veuillez contacter (email: prénom.nom@wfp.org):

Rasha AbouDargham, WFP/Lebanon, Mob. +961 76 320 761

Abeer Etefa WFP/ Cairo, Mob. +20 106 6663 4352

Martin Penner, WFP/ Rome, Mob. +39 345 6142074

Tomson Phiri, WFP/ Geneva, Mob. +41 79 842 8057

Jane Howard, WFP/ London, Tel. +44 (0)20 3857 7413, Mob. +44 (0)796 8008 474

Martin Rentsch, WFP/Berlin, Tel +49 (0)30 206 1 4929, Mob +49 160 99 26 17 30

Shaza Moghraby, WFP/New York, Mob. + 1 929 289 9867

Steve Taravella, WFP/ Washington, Mob. +1 202 770 5993

Marie Dasylva, WFP/Dakar, Mob. +221 776 381 300

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One year after Beirut blast, half of Lebanon’s population lives in poverty

Thu, 05 Aug 2021 00:53:51 +0000

Countries: Lebanon, Syrian Arab Republic
Source: Action Against Hunger USA

A year ago, Lebanon faced a severe economic crisis and an unstable social context aggravated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Then, a brutal explosion devastated the port of Beirut, leading to significant increases in immediate humanitarian needs.

The blast killed more than 200 people, injured more than 6,000, and severely damaged infrastructure in Lebanon's capital, particularly the homes and businesses of some 250,000 people. The explosion has also increased unemployment and food insecurity for thousands of people.

“One year after the Beirut blast, the situation is catastrophic for Lebanese citizens, refugees, and migrants. Poverty is on the rise, putting additional pressure on families who were traumatized by the explosion. The economic, political, social, and sanitation crisis in Lebanon is alarming,” says Suzanne Takkenberg, Action Against Hunger Country Director in Lebanon.

“Access to water, sanitation, food, nutrition and livelihoods is a serious concern for the population,” she continues. “Any response to this crisis should guarantee access to basic needs while providing structural support in Beirut and across the country.”

The Lebanese economy, weakened by a governance crisis, closed trade routes, the conflict in neighboring Syria, and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, has collapsed. The banking and financial systems are also on the verge of collapse. The country’s GDP has fallen by an estimated 40 percent, according to the World Bank, and more than half of the population lives below the poverty line. Unemployment is on the rise, making it difficult for residents to meet their basic needs.

The COVID-19 pandemic and measures to contain the virus, including border closures and movement restrictions, have put thousands of people's lives at risk by limiting their ability to generate income. Access to water and sanitation services, electricity, fuel, and health services have been strained. The explosion one year ago disrupted economic activities and access to public services and infrastructure even further, exacerbating the crisis.

With limited options to survive, families have been forced to adopt coping mechanisms, such as reducing the size and number of daily meals, restricting consumption of some foods, and taking out loans. This has resulted in increased food insecurity and malnutrition rates. According to World Food Program (WFP) data, 22% of Lebanese, 50% of Syrian refugees and 33% of refugees of other nationalities are food insecure.

In the year since the blast, many shops and businesses have been forced to close: "When the explosion happened, I was at home. I had a shift at the hospital, I didn't go because my whole house was damaged. My husband's feet were injured, the doctors wanted to amputate them," recalls Suzanne, a Lebanese woman who worked as a nurse until the disaster occurred. Since then, because of her husband's injuries, Suzanne quit her job and now runs the family business, a bakery she inherited from her father.

Micro, small, and medium-sized businesses account for more than 97 percent of all private businesses in Lebanon and employ more than 50 percent of the country's workforce. In addition to the impacts of COVID-19 and the port explosion, continued electricity cuts and fuel shortages have placed an immense burden on these struggling companies.

Since the explosion, Action Against Hunger has supporting businesses through cash assistance and professional advice, helping to revive household economies and local commerce. Our teams have also helped survivors of the blast with emergency cash and professional trainings.

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Sri Lanka: Indifference and impunity continue 15 years after Muttur massacre

Thu, 05 Aug 2021 00:35:34 +0000

Country: Sri Lanka
Source: Action Against Hunger USA

Action Against Hunger honors the memory of humanitarian aid workers assassinated in Sri Lanka in 2006 and continues to demand justice for the murders of our staff.

On August 4, 2006, 17 of our colleagues were executed in Muttur, Sri Lanka. These men and women – who were clearly identified as humanitarian workers – were murdered in their offices as they worked to provide assistance to survivors of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Since then, government authorities have not taken any action to bring those responsible for the murders to justice. Action Against Hunger continues to demand the prosecution of the perpetrators.

This assault, led by some members of the Sri Lankan Government forces, constitutes a war crime, as the Geneva Convention rules that, during wartime, civilians and aid workers’ protection remains an uninfringeable principle of international humanitarian law.

For 15 years, Sri Lankan authorities have not taken any action to support the victims or their families, though the gravity of this crime has been recognized by the highest international authorities. The involvement of the Sri Lankan authorities, their efforts to block any real investigations, and the passage of time make the pursuit of justice for our colleagues even more difficult and complex.

Despite the impunity for these assassinations, Action Against Hunger ensured an international investigation was launched in 2014, which resulted in a report on the crimes conducted during the Sri Lankan Civil War. The United Nations Human Rights Council corroborated our conclusion that the Sri Lankan security forces were involved in the attack and that the victims’ families and witnesses were under threat.

The Human Rights Council requested that a Special Tribunal be created, a proposal that was validated by the United Nations and the Sri Lankan Government. However, this Tribunal has been consistently postponed. The Sri Lankan Government opposes the presence of international judges in the country. Last January, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights emphasized in a report that: “Sri Lanka remains in a state of denial about the past, with truth-seeking efforts aborted and the highest State officials refusing to make any acknowledgement of past crimes.”

Sadly, the Muttur massacre was not an isolated event. Since the beginning of 2021 alone, nearly 200 aid workers around the world have been killed, injured or kidnapped while helping vulnerable people. These tragedies remind us that the international community must mobilize to ensure that indifference and disregard for international humanitarian law do not prevail.

Today and every day, we remember our 17 colleagues, and all of the other humanitarian workers the world has lost. We demand justice for our staff and their families. More broadly, we call on all parties to armed conflicts—and those who can influence them—to uphold international humanitarian law and to allow humanitarian aid to be delivered to communities in need, safely. We also urge the United Nations and other world leaders to do everything possible to meet their duty to protect civilians and aid workers. The safety of humanitarian workers and the people they serve is non-negotiable.

Fifteen years after the massacre, we will never forget and never give up on our search for justice for our staff members and their families. We honor the sacrifice and the memories of:

M. Narmathan, 23 years old, Water & Sanitation Technician
R. Arulrajah, 24 years old, Water & Sanitation Technician
S. Koneswaran, 24 years old, Driver
M. Rishikesan, 24 years old, Water & Sanitation Technician
R. Sivapiragasham, 25 years old, Hygiene Promotion Moderator
G. Kavitha, 27, Hygiene Advisor
T. Pratheeban, 27 years old, Water & Sanitation Technician
A. Jaseelan, 27 years old, Water & Sanitation Technician
K. Kovarthani, 27 years old, Hygiene Promotion Moderator
V. Kokilavathani, 29 years old, Hygiene Promotion Moderator
Y. Kodeeswaran, 30 years old, Food Security Technician
A.L.M. Jawffar, 31 years old, Water & Sanitation Technician
S.P. Anantharajah, 32 years old, Program Manager
I. Muralitharan, 33 years old, Driver
G. Sritharan, 36 years old, Water & Sanitation Technician
M. Ketheswaran, 36 years old, Water & Sanitation Technician
S. Ganesh, 54 years old, Driver

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Burkina Faso: ACLED Regional Overview – Africa (24 - 30 July 2021)

Thu, 05 Aug 2021 00:31:43 +0000

Countries: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mali, Niger, Somalia, Sudan, Tunisia
Source: Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project

A separate, weekly discussion of the ongoing conflict in Mozambique and Ethiopia can be found in the Cabo Ligado and* Ethiopia Peace Observatory projects, respectively.*

Last week in Africa, demonstrations spiked in Tunisia following the President’s decision to oust the government and freeze the Parliament; Islamic State West Africa (ISWAP) militants perpetrated two deadly attacks in Cameroon; and unsuccessful assassination attempts targeted government officials in Somalia.

In Tunisia, violence escalated after President Kais Saied fired the country’s Prime Minister, seized the executive power, and suspended the Parliament while invoking Article 80 of the Constitution. He also lifted the immunity of Parliament members and imposed a month-long curfew and a ban on large gatherings in public places. In response, supporters gathered in celebration, with attacks against Ennahda Party headquarters reported in different regions. In Le Bardo where the Parliament is located, clashes erupted between Ennahda and the President’s supporters.

Violent activity remained high in **Burkina Faso* where Burkinabe military forces carried out shellings and airstrikes targeting presumed Jama’at Nusrat al-Islam wal-Muslimin (JNIM) and its affiliates positions in the North and East regions. Meanwhile, ISWAP Greater Sahara faction militants launched a deadly attack against a JNIM-affiliated Ansaroul Islam base in the Forage Christine area of Sahel region.

As in Burkina Faso, suspected JNIM militants and their affiliates remained the most active armed actors in Mali, perpetrating attacks on Malian state forces, Dan Na Ambassagou militiamen, UN peacekeepers (MINUSMA), and civilians in the Mopti and Kidal regions. In Kidal, five Chadian peacekeepers were wounded when an IED, likely planted by JNIM-affiliated Ansar Dine militants, detonated in the village of Aguelhok. Elsewhere, MINUSMA peacekeepers repelled attacks by suspected JNIM-affiliated militants in Kidal and near Douentza in Mopti. Meanwhile, French Operation Barkhane forces carried out airstrikes against presumed ISWAP Greater Sahara faction positions in the Gao region.

In Niger, despite significant losses on the battlefield, suspected ISWAP Greater Sahara faction militants pursued their campaign against civilians and fledgling militias in the northern Tillaberi region, killing dozens of people in villages in the Banibangou and Ouallam departments.

In Cameroon, ISWAP Lake Chad faction militants launched two deadly attacks against military and Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) posts in the Logone-et-Chari department of the Far North region, resulting in over 50 fatalities.

In the Central African Republic, deadly clashes continued between factions of the Coalition of Patriots for Change (CPC) and national military forces, UN peacekeepers (MINUSCA), and Wagner Group mercenaries. In Nana-Mambere prefecture, CPC-affiliated Return, Reclamation and Rehabilitation (RRR) rebels ambushed a Wagner group convoy and a military base in Bouar sub-prefecture on the same day, leaving several people dead. Elsewhere, militants from CPC’s Union for Peace in the Central African Republic (UPC) faction attacked a MINUSCA base in Haut-Mbomou prefecture, leading to clashes with UN peacekeepers and military forces. Demonstrations followed in the city by thousands of residents against the presence of MINUSCA.

In the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Congolese army fought against the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) and the Cooperative for the Development of Congo (CODECO) rebels in Irumu and Djugu territories of Ituri province, culminating in at least 30 fatalities. Meanwhile, ADF and CODECO rebels killed more than a dozen civilians in Ituri and North Kivu provinces, primarily in the Ruwenzori and Oicha sectors of Beni territory. Elsewhere in Ituri, an unidentified armed group engaged in deadly clashes against the South Sudanese armed forces who had raided a village in Aru territory.

In Somalia, clashes between Al Shabaab militants and government forces continued unabated. Several deadly remote attacks, including shellings, by Al Shabaab militants were reported in central and southern regions. An IED attack perpetrated by Al Shabaab militants targeted the vehicle escorting the Governor of Hiraan near Qabno village, killing four soldiers. Another IED attack by an unidentified armed group against the house of a local official in El Wak town in the Gedo region resulted in the death of two members of his family. Meanwhile, security forces operations against Al Shabaab militants in Lower Shabelle and Hiraan regions left dozens of militants dead. Elsewhere, government security forces succeeded in taking control of the Shabeeloow village in Mudug region while Al Shabaab members overtook Daynuunay village in Bay region after clashes with military forces.

Finally, in Sudan, heavy fighting between Hamar and Misseriya ethnic militias in An Nahud area of West Kordofan state left dozens killed and wounded. In neighboring South Kordofan state, attacks by unidentified armed groups increased, mainly targeting civilians. Elsewhere, the Sudanese Alliance forces abducted the head of the anti-smuggling police of West Darfur state after police forces began a crackdown on smuggled vehicles.

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Burundi: Rapport de Situation sur la Réponse à la Pandémie due au Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) - Rédigé et publié le 4 ao슩t 2021

Thu, 05 Aug 2021 00:24:55 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Country: Burundi
Sources: Government of Burundi, World Health Organization

Please refer to the attached file.

2. Épidémiologie et surveillance

2.1. Courbe épidémique journalière des cas confirmés au laboratoire

Le Burundi connait une résurgence de la Covid-19 depuis le 21 juillet 2021. La moyenne journalière de cas de Covid-19 depuis cette date est de 140 cas alors que cette moyenne journalière était de 30 cas jusque-là. Au cours des 14 derniers jours, deux flambées épidémiques ont été confirmées dans les districts de Kiremba (551 cas ; 28,95%), de Kirundo (499 cas ; 26,22%). Le district de Bujumbura Centre également a rapporté un grand nombre de cas (302 cas ; 15,87%).

2.2. Evolution des cas confirmés au laboratoire

  • Au cours des 14 derniers jours, le Burundi a rapporté 1784 cas communautaires contre 301 cas au cours des deux semaines précédentes, soit une augmentation de 492,69%. Dans la même période, on note une augmentation de 92% du nombre de personnes dépistées consécutive, notamment à la campagne de dépistage de masse en cours dans les 2 districts de Kiremba et de Kirundo qui connaissent des flambées depuis le 21 juillet 2021.

  • La distribution des 7931 cas de Covid-19 rapportés au Burundi se présente comme suit : 6668 cas de transmission locale (84,08%) et 1263 cas importés (15,92%)

2.3. Distribution par sexe et groupe d’âge

  • Parmi les 7931 cas de Covid-19 qui ont des données sur l’âge et le sexe, les tranches d’âge les plus touchées sont : 25-34 ans (1751 cas ; 25,55%) et 35-44 ans (1488 cas ; 21,71%). Les jeunes entre 15-24 ans sont également fortement touchés, soit 20,85% (1429 cas) du total des cas de Covid-19. On note également que 8,99% des cas positifs sont des enfants de moins de 15 ans dont quatre-vingt-six (86) enfants de moins de 5 ans, soit 1,25%.

  • Le sex-ratio homme-femme est de 1,5 ; soit environ 2 hommes infectés pour 1 femme. Au total 58,70% des cas confirmés sont de sexe masculin contre 41,30% de sexe féminin.

2.4. Distribution géographique des cas confirmés au laboratoire :

Ce 03 ao슩t 2021, treize districts sanitaires ont rapporté au moins un cas communautaire de Covid-19. Au cours des 14 derniers jours, on dénombre 27 districts qui ont rapporté au moins un cas positif de Covid-19 sur les 47 districts, soit 57,45%. Cela traduit la circulation active du coronavirus dans le pays.

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Thailand: Arrival and handing over of AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccines from the Government of the United Kingdom to the Royal Thai Government

Thu, 05 Aug 2021 00:24:26 +0000

Countries: Thailand, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Source: Government of Thailand

Director-General of the Department of European Affairs witnessed the handing over of AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccines from the Government of the United Kingdom to the Royal Thai Government at Suvarnabhumi Airport.

On 3 August 2021 at 20.55 hrs., Mrs. Chulamanee Chartsuwan, Director-General of the Department of European Affairs, witnessed the handing over of AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccines from the Government of the United Kingdom to the Royal Thai Government at Suvarnabhumi Airport. From the British side, Mr. Evan Jones, Chargé d’Affaires, and from the Thai side, Dr. Sophon Iamsirithavorn, Deputy Director-General of the Disease Control Department, Ministry of Public Health, were representatives of their respective governments for the said handing over of the vaccines which were transported to Thailand by Emirates Airlines flight EK0372. The official handing over ceremony of such vaccines took place on 2 August 2021 at 09.30 hrs. at the Government House presided by the Prime Minister.

This success highlights Thailand’s engagement in strategic foreign policy and proactive vaccine diplomacy with its strategic partners and close allies, an initiative led by the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs as well as the result of close cooperation between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Public Health. It also reflects the close and longstanding friendship dating back over 400 years as well as the close cooperation in all dimensions between Thailand and the United Kingdom.

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Pakistan: Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA): Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Daily Situation Report (4 August 2021, Morning)

Thu, 05 Aug 2021 00:20:48 +0000

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Country: Pakistan
Source: Government of Pakistan

Please refer to the attached file.

INCIDENTS DETAIL

DISTRICT:

Dera Ismail Khan

DETAIL OF INCIDENT:

On 03-08-2021, due to heavy rain, a boundary wall in the house of Bait Ullah s/o Malik Sona r/o Jumma Sharif tehsil parova got collapsed.

SOURCE:

Reporting Officer DI Khan Division

DISTRICT:

Peshawar

DETAIL OF INCIDENT:

1. On 03-08-2021, due to heavy rain, a room in the house of Mr. Hazrat Gul r/o Surazai Payan got collapsed resultantly Mst Marsia Bibi d/o Hazarat Gul got died.

2. On 03-08-2021 at night due to heavy rain, the house collapsed in the area of UC Phandoo resultantly Fayaz s/o Dilawar Khan, Aziz s/o Haroon and Mahmood got injured.

3. On 03-08-2021 at night due to heavy rain, the boundary wall along with Room collapsed in the house of Rokhan Gul r/o Surizi payan resultantly Aisa Bibi w/o Rokhan Gul, Muhammad Rafi s/o Rokhan Gul and Warisha d/o Rokhan Gul got died while Ayesha Bibi d/o Rokhan Gul got severely injured.

4. On 03-08-2021, due to heavy rain the boundary wall of Masjid at Surizi payan resultantly Abu bakar and Amir s/o Jhanzaib got injured.

RESPONSE:

3. The injured child was shifted to the hospital for treatment.

4. The injured were shifted to hospital for treatment

SOURCE:

1. DDMO Office Peshawar

2. DDMO Office Peshawar

3. DDMO Office Peshawar

4. DDMO Office Peshawar

DISTRICT:

Upper Dir

DETAIL OF INCIDENT:

On 03-08-2021, due to heavy rain a room in a house of Mr. Ali Zeb s/o Sahib Zada r/o UC Nihagdara, Kooz Kaly, Dir Upper got collapsed. However, no human loss occurred.

SOURCE:

Reporting Officer Malakand Division

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Cameroon: North-West and South-West Health Cluster COVID-19 Epidemiological Bulletin (July, 2021)

Thu, 05 Aug 2021 00:19:34 +0000

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Country: Cameroon
Sources: World Health Organization, Health Cluster

Please refer to the attached file.

  • The vaccination campaign against COVID-19 was launched in the North-West and South-West and significantly increased vaccination coverage

  • All the health districts in the North-West and South-West have started vaccination.

  • Sensitization campaigns on the benefits of the COVID-19 vaccines have been stepped up.

  • The extension of the Intensive Care Units in Bamenda, Buea and Limbe have started. The Bamenda Emergency operation center is also undergoing renovations.

  • Mental Health and Psychosocial Support for Covid-19 patients in Buea

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