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ReliefWeb - Updates

ReliefWeb - Updates

Philippines: NDRRMC Update Sitrep No. 2 re Magnitude 6.1 Earthquake in Castillejos, Zambales, 23 April 2019

Tue, 23 Apr 2019 04:56:09 +0000

Source: Government of the Philippines
Country: Philippines


An earthquake with a Magnitude of 6.1 occurred in Castillejos, Zambales. Further details below:
Date/Time: 22 Apr 2019 - 5:11:09 PM

Location:14.99°N, 120.35°E - 018 km N 67° E of Castillejos (Zambales)

Depth of Focus (Km): 012


Magnitude: Mwp 6.1

Expecting Damage: YES

Expecting Aftershocks: YES

Issued on: 22 Apr 2019 - 6:03:00 PM

Reported Intensities:

Intensity V - San Felipe, Zambales; Malolos and Obando, Bulacan; Quezon City; Lipa, Batangas; Manila City; Abucay, Bataan; Valenzuela City; Magalang, Pampanga

Intensity IV - Pasig City; Makati City; Caloocan City; Meycauayan and San Jose Del Monte, Bulacan; Floridablanca, Pampanga; Villasis, Pangasinan; Tagaytay City; Villasis, Reported Pangasinan; Baguio City; Marikina City; Las Pinas City

Intensities Intensity Ill - Dasmarinas, Indang and Gen. Trias, Cavite: Lucban, Quezon; Muntinlupa City, Cabanatuan City; Palayan City; Gapan City; Santo Domingo and Talavera, Nueva Ecija

Intensity Il - Baler, Aurora

Instrumental Intensities:

Intensity V - Angeles City: Malolos, Bulacan;

Intensity IV - Quezon City; San Juan City; Pasig City; Muntinlupa» City; Gapan City; Cabanatuan City; Tagaytay City; San Ildefonso,

Intensity Ill - Mauban, Quezon: Talisay, Batangas; Guagua, Pampanga; Olongapo City

Intensity ll - Lucena City; Dolores and Lucban, Quezon; Dagupan City; Daet, Camarines Norte |

Intensity | - Guinayangan, Quezon; Calatagan, Batangas; 'Magalang, Pampanga; Sinait, Ilocos Sur



  1. A total of seven (7) dead, eighty-one (81) injured, and twenty-four (24) missing were reported in Region Ill.

Note: Subject for validation/verifications


  1. A total of twenty-nine (29) structures/buildings sustained damages due to the earthquake in Regions II| and NCR.

Source: OCDROs Ill and NCR

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Nepal: School reconstruction faces a huge funding gap of Rs27 billion

Tue, 23 Apr 2019 04:34:51 +0000

Source: The Kathmandu Post
Country: Nepal

Thousands of children will be studying in makeshift structures for a few more years

  • Binod Ghimire, Kathmandu

Four years after the devastating earthquake, the government is yet to ensure necessary budget, which amounts to billions of rupees, for the reconstruction of school buildings, which could mean thousands of students will have to study in makeshift structures for a few more years.

The Post-disaster Recovery Framework prepared by the National Reconstruction Authority in 2016 had estimated that Rs180 billion would be required for the construction of the quake-destroyed academic institutions and that Rs167 billion would be needed to rebuild schools and classrooms.

The budget was later revised to Rs119 billion, out of which Rs50 billion has been pledged by donors as loan and grant.

Construction works worth Rs23 billion are being carried out by non-government agencies and foreign government agencies. It’s the Nepal government’s responsibility to ensure the additional Rs44 billion required to complete the reconstruction of the school infrastructure.

As of the current fiscal year, the government has allocated Rs17 billion from the national budget.

Im Narayan Shrestha, director of the Central Level Project Implementation Unit (Education), an entity under the National Reconstruction Authority, said by now there is a funding shortfall of Rs27 billion which is over 22 percent of the total budget required.

“We are expecting the government to release the needed fund from the national budget,” he told during an interaction with the media on Monday.

The implementation unit has requested the Ministry of Finance to allocate Rs11 billion in the upcoming fiscal year, Rs9 billion in the fiscal year 2020-21 and the last tranche of Rs7 billion in the fiscal year 2021-22.

Though the government, while starting the reconstruction project in 2016, had announced to complete the rebuilding of all damaged school buildings by the fiscal year 2019-20, the implementation unit’s plan shows that two more years will be required to erect all the school buildings.

Government records show that over 33,000 classrooms from 7,923 public schools in 32 districts were destroyed in the disaster. As 370 such schools were merged for the lack of enough numbers of students, 7,553 school buildings had to be rebuilt.

Reconstruction of 4,476 schools was over in three years, while 1,772 buildings are under construction.

The government is yet to reach 910 school buildings, which await reconstruction.

“Lack of adequate budget and amiability of proper land are major factors delaying the reconstruction,” Shrestha added. He also said that frequent transfers of staff, lack of skilled workers and inefficiency of construction firms had added to the problem.


Total destroyed 7,923

Required reconstruction 7,553

Total rebuilt 4,476

Under construction 1,772

Selected for reconstruction 398

Schools not reached yet 910

Total required budget Rs 119 billion

Funding gap Rs27 billion

Published: 23-04-2019 06:30

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Philippines: NDRRMC Update Sitrep No. 1 re Magnitude 6.1 Earthquake in Castillejos, Zambales, 22 April 2019

Tue, 23 Apr 2019 04:34:06 +0000

Source: Government of the Philippines
Country: Philippines


  • An earthquake with a Magnitude of 6.1 occurred in Castillejos, Zambales. Further details below:

Date/Time: 22 Apr 2019 - 5:11:09 PM

Location:14.99°N, 120.35°E - 018 km N 67° E of Castillejos (Zambales)

Depth of Focus (Km): 012


Magnitude: Mwp 6.1

Expecting Damage: YES

Expecting Aftershocks: YES

Issued on: 22 Apr 2019 - 6:03:00 PM

Reported Intensities:

Intensity V - San Felipe, Zambales; Malolos and Obando, Bulacan; Quezon City; Lipa, Batangas; Manila City; Abucay, Bataan; Valenzuela City; Magalang, Pampanga

Intensity IV - Pasig City; Makati City; Caloocan City; Meycauayan and San Jose Del Monte, Bulacan; Floridablanca, Pampanga; Villasis, Pangasinan; Tagaytay City; Villasis, Reported Pangasinan; Baguio City; Marikina City; Las Pinas City

Intensities Intensity Ill - Dasmarinas, Indang and Gen. Trias, Cavite: Lucban, Quezon; Muntinlupa City, Cabanatuan City; Palayan City; Gapan City; Santo Domingo and Talavera, Nueva Ecija

Intensity Il - Baler, Aurora

Instrumental Intensities:

Intensity V - Angeles City: Malolos, Bulacan;

Intensity IV - Quezon City; San Juan City; Pasig City; Muntinlupa» City; Gapan City; Cabanatuan City; Tagaytay City; San Ildefonso,

Intensity Ill - Mauban, Quezon: Talisay, Batangas; Guagua, Pampanga; Olongapo City

Intensity ll - Lucena City; Dolores and Lucban, Quezon; Dagupan City; Daet, Camarines Norte |

Intensity | - Guinayangan, Quezon; Calatagan, Batangas; 'Magalang, Pampanga; Sinait, Ilocos Sur

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Thailand: Irregularly Hot Summer This Year: Hail, Fires, Heatstroke

Tue, 23 Apr 2019 04:22:14 +0000

Source: Khaosod English
Country: Thailand

By Asaree Thaitrakulpanich, Staff Reporter - April 22, 2019 1:51 pm

BANGKOK — This summer’s unusually hot weather is already causing droughts, summer storms and forest fires, with one woman dead after a storm saw a tree fall and crush her car.

Experts predict that Thailand’s 2019 summer will be “irregularly” hot and characterised by an extended drought. In Bangkok Monday through Thursday, expect highs of 38C throughout the week, which will peak to 40C from around Friday and through the weekend. Much of the nation will be much the same, though northern, Isaan and central provinces will be even more arid – highs of 40 to 41C through Thursday, peaking to 44C starting Friday.

“It’s about 30 to 40 percent hotter this year because of El Nino. Years with the El Nino phenomenon are hotter than usual,” Seree Supratid, director of the Climate Change and Disaster Center, Rangsit University, explained Monday.

According to El Dorado Weather, districts in Lampang, Loei, Mae Hong Son, Nong Bua Lamphu and Tak were among the hottest places on earth as of Monday, with Thoen district in Loei taking fifth place.

Read more on Khaosod English

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Philippines: M6.1 Gutad, Philippines Earthquake (22 April 2019) - Joint Analysis of Disaster Exposure (JADE)

Tue, 23 Apr 2019 04:11:00 +0000

Source: Pacific Disaster Center, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, World Food Programme
Country: Philippines

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Philippines: Davao local gov'ts get geohazard maps from UP

Tue, 23 Apr 2019 04:10:04 +0000

Source: Government of the Philippines
Country: Philippines

By Rudolph Ian Alama

DAVAO CITY (PIA)- Various local governments from Southeastern Mindanao have received flood hazard maps from the University of the Philippines Mindanao’s Geo-SAFER MINDANAO (Geo-Informatics for the Systematic Assessment of Flood Effects and Risks for a Resilient Mindanao).

The materials, which were turned over on April 11, included printed copies and digital files of the maps showing the probable flood events based on amounts of rain. These data came from the 24 river system watershed mapped by the Geo-SAFER Mindanao project over the two-year period.

Among those mapped were seven watersheds in Davao Oriental, four in Davao Occidental, five in Compostela Valley, three in Davao del Norte, five in Davao del Sur and a pair in Davao City.

"It has been two years of field work that included wading into riverbeds. But, in any research endeavor, the most important action is the dissemination of the research output," UP Mindanao Project Leader Prof. Joseph Acosta said.

"Being in the Pacific Ring of Fire and with the advent of Climate Change, the Philippines must be pro-active in utilizing technological advancement and facilitating information dissemination," read the message of Davao City Mayor Sara Duterte which was delivered by Davao City Planning Officer Ivan Cortez.

"Filipinos are known for their resilience, but today we aim to become more resilient in terms of preparedness and disaster risk-reduction," Davao del Norte Governor Anthony del Rosario said in his message.

"These maps should be presented to the Regional Development Council-XI to be used as their basis for policy-making and to enjoin the various local government units to use these maps," DOST-XI Regional Director Anthony Sales said during the turnover which was attended by representatives of Davao Region’s local government units.

During the turnover, technical experts from UP Mindanao also provided a mini-seminar for the officials. Gus Kali Oguis spoke on "flood map generation," Ryan Calvo on the "field survey,"and Trisha Mae Lopena on "data processing." Ryan Keath de Leon in his talk on "flood modeling" showed how to identify the appropriate map based on the period of rain.

Also present in the turn-over and forum were Office of Civil Defense-XI Regional Director Manuel Ochotorena, DENR-XI Mines and Geosciences Bureau Elac Paye, Damaso Vertido of MinLand, Bema Tajones of PAGASA, Jasper Cristobal of Mindanao Development Authority, Araceli Malate of Central 911, Lee Datuin of Compostela Valley State College, and their agencies' staff members.

The Geo-SAFER Mindanao program is being implemented by various higher educational institutions in Mindanao, with UP Mindanao assigned to Region XI. It sustained the work started by the UP Mindanao Phil-Lidar 1 project which created maps for 13 rivers which were turned over to local government units in 2017. (PIA-11. UP Mindanao contributed to this report.)

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Vanuatu: Vanuatu’s Progress to Mitigate Climate Change

Tue, 23 Apr 2019 04:08:25 +0000

Source: Government of Vanuatu, UN Development Programme
Country: Vanuatu

Port Vila, Vanuatu - The Ministry of Climate Change and Natural Disaster (MCCND) has launched Vanuatu’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) Implementation Roadmap and Vanuatu’s Integrated, Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) Tool.

The Vanuatu parliament ratified the Paris Climate Change Agreement on 18 June 2016 and submitted the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) and emission reduction targets to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Vanuatu’s NDC mitigation target is transitioning close to 100 percent renewable energy in the electricity (energy) sector by 2030.

The NDC Implementation Roadmap aims at providing a pathway for the implementation of specific climate change mitigation actions in Vanuatu, which can assist in achieving the target defined in Vanuatu’s NDC.

The MCCND also launched Vanuatu’s Integrated MRV Tool for Climate Action Tracking.

Director General Mr. Jesse Benjamin said, “The launch of the NDC Implementation Roadmap and the Integrated MRV Tool is the outcome of the collaboration and mutual partnership with key stakeholders in the energy sector, private sector, NGOs, civil society organisations and development partners.”

The NDC Implementation Roadmap is aligned with the National Energy Roadmap and the overarching government 2030 policy on National Sustainable Development Plan.

“The NDC Implementation Roadmap clearly articulates how to achieve the commitments of 100 percent renewable energy in Vanuatu by 2030’. Finally, the Ministry of Climate Change acknowledges the support from UNDP as a trusted development partner in the climate change sector in Vanuatu,” Mr Benjamin added.

The integrated MRV Tool is envisaged to enhance Vanuatu’s ability to achieve its mitigation NDC target through an MRV database and tool for quantification, monitoring verification and reporting of GHG emission reductions in the energy sector.

The integrated MRV Tool, which was launched on Thursday 11 April 2019, also enables Vanuatu to track the climate finance flow towards achieving the NDC goals along with Sustainable Development Goals and benefits.

Ms Alexandra Soezer, Climate Change Technical Advisor, UNDP NDC Support Programme said, “When talking about low carbon development, there is certainly recognition that the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement on climate change are profoundly interconnected but it’s evident that a full integration of both agendas has not happened in most countries yet.”

“Vanuatu, in a first of its kind initiative, has moved towards effectively tracking progress on the NDCs and SDGs in an integrated manner through its integrated MRV Tool,” she said.

A recent webinar provided an overview of the integrated MRV Tool and a detailed presentation of the top-down and bottom-up MRV features of the tool.

The roadmap and the integrated MRV tool were developed under the technical assistance and funding support from UNDP’s NDC Support Programme.

For more information, contact:

Jesse Benjamin, Director General, Ministry of Climate Change and Natural Disasters; Email:

Leana William, NDC Coordinator, Ministry of Climate Change and Natural Disasters; Email:

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Iraq: [IRQ Monitoring Trip Report] A Popular Project in the Refugee Camps (Feb 24-27, 2019)

Tue, 23 Apr 2019 04:04:42 +0000

Source: Peace Winds Japan
Country: Iraq, Syrian Arab Republic

It is expected that most of Iraq’s 250,000 Syrian refugees will remain in Iraq for an extended period due to the protracted nature of the Syria crisis. Since the refugees have been living in camps for more than five years and return is not foreseen in the near future, a “tent-free camp” initiative was launched in late 2015 by UNHCR in order to ensure that refugees live in more durable, semi-permanent shelters. With the funding from US Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM), in addition to generous contributions from our supporters, Peace Winds is enhancing the living conditions of Syrian refugee families through the provision of more durable shelter in all four refugee camps in Erbil governorate within the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.

I made my first trip to Iraq in August 2018 where I saw first-hand the living conditions of Syrian refugee camps in Erbil, Kurdistan Region of Iraq. The people there seemed to generally be in good spirits with children playing along the narrow streets and businesses receiving customers. People smiled and waved at our group as we walked by. But while the refugees’ attitudes were pleasant, many of their shelters were not.

Numerous refugee families had been living in tents – the faded “UNHCR” lettering and tears in the vinyl covers revealed the rough conditions to which they were subjected. The weather in northern Iraq includes high winds, rain, snow, and temperatures that range from below freezing to over 110 degrees Fahrenheit (<40 degrees Celsius). It was self-evident that the provision of more durable shelter was a top priority.

Peace Winds has implemented shelter projects in different Syrian refugee camps and IDP camps in Northern Iraq and has been one of the leading organizations in this sector. Peace Winds received a cooperative agreement with the US Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM) and the project kicked off on September 1, 2018 to upgrade the remaining tented and semi-upgraded shelters in all four Syrian refugee camps in Erbil Governorate. Now, with the implementation phase of the project finally underway, I was eager to see the progress our team was making.

Our first stop was in Darashakran Camp where 120 shelters are scheduled to be upgraded in the project’s first year. At the field office, Jaseem, the senior engineer, showed us the technical plans of the shelter upgrades along with the implementation strategy for Darashakran Camp. All the charts and lists on the walls looked great, but I wondered how the actual implementation was being executed.

Jaseem then led us to where several shelters were undergoing improvement. The site was bustling with activity – laborers working, trucks delivering building materials, and Peace Winds staff supervising the construction and paying laborers.

I witnessed the three essential activities of this project – delivery of materials, construction (upgrading works), and paying laborers – being performed efficiently and on schedule. I initially had concerns about the Cash for Work (CfW) component. CfW is a tool to promote income generation and we encourage refugee residents in the camp to participate in this opportunity in our project. I imagined precisely tracking cash distribution to be an administrative nightmare. However, seeing the field team operating according to proper procedure – inspecting the work performed, verifying laborer ID, and getting signatures as payment receipt – assured me of success.

As we walked through the camp, a shelter owner invited us in for a cup of tea. He had just finished clearing his plot in preparation for construction so he pulled out several chairs and we sat in the middle of the plot. As we sipped our tea, we looked around and asked about his plans for the new shelter – shelter owners are allowed some flexibility in the design. As he explained, our engineers immediately engaged the owner with technical questions. The flurry of Arabic, which I could not understand, continued back and forth with the owner and engineers walking and pointing at several points. It ended with our engineers saying “okay” and the owner smiling – the owner’s plan was sound. The budget per household for upgrading their shelter is equally set but refugee residents are able to have flexibility in design as long as it’s relevant technically and financially. The Peace Winds field team communicates with beneficiaries and tries to adjust the position of windows, doors, and layout for their daily comfort. Engineers play a very important role here to consider and plan the upgrading schedule in addition to technical verification. We thanked him for the tea and left to rendezvous with our other team members.

That afternoon, we visited Kawergosk Camp, the largest of the Syrian refugee camps in Erbil Governorate and where Peace Winds will upgrade 348 shelters, to meet with the UNHCR coordinator and camp manager there. We discussed the overall condition of the camp, the situation around the region, and challenges the camp faces. I was pleased to hear that shelter projects are generally the most popular type of assistance among the refugees. Of course, other projects such as WaSH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene), education, and health are equally important, but shelters are extremely personal and tangible – the effects are immediate. The beneficiaries and camp stakeholders welcomed this project and thanked Peace Winds and PRM for tackling this need.

The next day, we went to Basirma Camp, where 10 shelters are to be upgraded, and visited one of the shelters under construction. The excitement was palpable as the family members watched the shelter owner and laborers install the roof frame. The owner’s wife asked me to take a picture with her baby daughter and placed her in front of me as I crouched. The girl turned and looked at me and burst into tears. We all laughed as the mother came back for her and just took a picture of me. I asked if I could snap a picture of her and her daughter but she smiled and declined.

Shortly after, the PRM Coordinator based in Erbil came by to review project progress. We explained our activities thus far and implementation procedures. She asked the wife how she liked the project so far and she responded, “very satisfied.”

Like the wife, I was also encouraged by the progress our field team has made. At the offices, project management was competent and well organized. In the field, our staff efficiently carried out their responsibilities and worked with the beneficiaries through each construction phase. Moreover, I was most encouraged by the stakeholders’ and beneficiaries’ positive response to our project and I observed first-hand why it was so well received:

1.Ownership over the project – The shelter owners themselves are ultimately responsible for their shelter upgrade. It is up to them to hire the skilled and unskilled laborers required to perform the work. Also, they are allowed some flexibility in the shelter design. The owners are guided by Peace Winds staff through the building of their homes. This process increases the beneficiary’s ownership and responsibility over the project.

2.Supporting livelihoods – The CfW component provides jobs, however temporary, to the refugees in the camps. They are paid promptly and directly by Peace Winds when tasks are completed.

In addition, this project is popular because it is more than providing durable shelter, it also helps restore a right we are all inherently entitled to as human beings – dignity. Being able to make choices in one’s life contributes to a dignified existence and this project supports beneficiaries in regaining greater authority in their lives. Through the efforts of their own hands and sweat, they are building a brighter future for their families – one block at a time.

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Sri Lanka: Situation Report - Sri Lanka 22nd April 2019 at 1800hrs

Tue, 23 Apr 2019 03:59:02 +0000

Source: Disaster Management Centre of Sri Lanka
Country: Sri Lanka

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occupied Palestinian territory: Qatar Fund for Development (QFFD) celebrates the inauguration of His Highness the Father Amir Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani Hospital for Rehabilitation and Prostheses in Gaza

Tue, 23 Apr 2019 03:46:57 +0000

Source: Qatar Fund for Development
Country: occupied Palestinian territory

Qatar Fund for Development (QFFD) celebrated the launch of His Highness the Father Amir Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani Hospital for Rehabilitation and Prostheses in Gaza. His Excellency Mr. Khalifa bin Jassim Al-Kuwari, Director General of QFFD, announced the launch of the hospital, which was funded by the QFFD on behalf of the state of Qatar and implemented by the Gaza Rehabilitation Committee and in collaboration with the Ministry of public Health of Qatar, which has sent a number of doctors to operate and train the medical staff.

The Director General of QFFD, said that “Providing support to the Arab World, and especially to the Palestinians living in The Gaza Strip, has always been a top priority for the State of Qatar. this hospital for Rehabilitation and artificial limbs aims to provide rehabilitation treatment to Palestinian patients suffering from limb amputation to help them to get back to normal life. The population needs this kind of support to live a decent life, especially in light of the difficult living conditions and the challenges they are facing in accessing treatment services.”

The ceremony was attended by HE Mr. Khalid Al-Hardan, Deputy Ambassador of the State of Qatar to Gaza, HE Dr. Yousef Abu Al-Rish, Undersecretary of the Palestinian Ministry of Health and HE Dr. Raafat Labad, Director General of the hospital, His Excellency Mr. Gilan Devorn, Director of the Red Cross Mission in Gaza, In addition to the participation of a number of legal persons and members of the Governmental Council, the leaders of the Palestinian national action and the heads of trade unions and a delegation from Qatar Fund for Development.

In their speech, HE Dr. Yousef Abu Al-Rish and HE Dr. Raafat Labad, appreciated the role played by the State of Qatar in the humanitarian and developmental projects in Gaza and expressed their thanks to His Highness Sheikh Tamim Bin Hamad Al Thani, Amir of the State of Qatar and His Highness the Father Amir Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani.

The hospital was built on an area of 12,000 square meters with a capacity of 100 beds, in addition to that it has a range of key departments to provide high-quality care according to international quality standards, including a prosthetics and amputee rehabilitation service, a physiotherapy service, an occupational therapy service, a nursing service, and a department for speech and swallowing disorder. The hospital provides also a pediatric service. The hospital serves all Palestinian citizens with disabilities and special needs, focusing on the Gaza Strip because of the location of the hospital.

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Philippines: DSWD DROMIC Preparedness for Response Report #1 on the Earthquake Incident in Castillejos, Zambales as of 22 April 2019, 6PM

Tue, 23 Apr 2019 03:33:00 +0000

Source: Government of the Philippines
Country: Philippines

Situation Overview

On April 22, 2019 at exactly 5:11 PM, a Magnitude 5.7 earthquake shook Castillejos, Zambales. The epicenter of the earthquake was located 14.95°N, 120.21°E - 002 km N of Castillejos, Zambales with a depth focus of 021 km and with a Tectonic origin.

Status of Prepositioned Resources: Stockpiles and Standby Funds

The DSWD Central Office (CO), Field Offices (FOs), and National Resource Operations Center (NROC) have stockpiles and standby funds amounting to ₱1,300,735,023.94 with breakdown as follows:

a. Stockpiles

A total of 305,830 Family Food Packs (FFPs) (see Table 4) amounting to ₱110,926,870.78 and available Food and Non-food Items (FNIs) amounting to ₱764,536,659.34.

b. Standby Funds

A total of ₱425,271,493.82 standby funds in the CO and FOs. Of the said amount, ₱379,175,082.35 is the available Quick Response Fund in the CO.

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Uzbekistan: Community Empowerment towards Sustainable Rural Development in the Aral Sea Region [EN/RU/UZ]

Tue, 23 Apr 2019 03:29:31 +0000

Source: United Nations, UN Development Programme
Country: Uzbekistan


(The Case of Karakalpakstan)

As a result of the Aral Sea environmental disaster, Karakalpakstan faces devastating human insecurities. To reduce the destructive impact of the Aral Sea crisis, the Government of Uzbekistan, the UN system, bilateral and multilateral donors and many others have been raising awareness of this issue, and seeking to mitigate the human, ecological and economic impacts in the region.

As part of these efforts, in 2012 the UN Trust Fund for Human Security supported the first comprehensive and integrated UN Joint Programme to improve livelihoods, strengthen community development, and mitigate health and environmental risks in Karakalpakstan. The Programme underscored the importance of a multidimensional approach to addressing interconnected challenges and building the resilience of Karakalpakstan’s rural communities.

Building on the successes and lessons learned from the first UN Joint Programme, UN agencies in Uzbekistan have worked together with the Government to implement the second phase of the UN Joint Programme ‘Building the Resilience of Communities Affected by the Aral Sea Disaster Through a Multi-Partner Human Security Trust Fund’.

This publication provides information about the Programme’s approach to community empowerment, through the operationalization of Sustainable Development Goals, and through implementing the human security approach.

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Philippines: Deadly Earthquake Strikes Northern Philippines

Tue, 23 Apr 2019 03:27:19 +0000

Source: BenarNews
Country: Philippines

Jojo Rinoza and Jeoffrey Maitem
Dagupan and Manila, Philippines

A 6.1 magnitude earthquake struck sections of the northern Philippines on Monday, killing as many as eight people and sending throngs of office workers fleeing tall buildings, disaster relief officials said.

The quake struck shortly after 5 p.m., according to the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology.

“In Porac, Pampanga, the fourth floor of a building collapsed and there were people trapped inside,” Pampanga Gov. Lilia Pineda told Philippine media.

Pineda said three bodies were recovered from the four-story building and a woman and her grandchild were crushed to death by another building that collapsed in the nearby town of Lubao.

Porac Mayor Carling dela Cruz told local Philippine radio that the three victims had not died but were injured and taken to a hospital, the Associated Press reported.

Rescuers managed to pull to safety about 30 people from the building who were shocked, but otherwise unharmed, ABS-CBN television reported.

Pineda said another 40 people were trapped in a supermarket in Porac, according to local media reports. The Associated Press reported witnessing survivors and at least one body being removed from the collapsed building.

The Pampanga governor said the death told had climbed to eight.

“Almost all concrete electric posts in the villages of Lubao have fallen down. Due to the strong quake, it caused a blackout,” Pineda said, stating the arch marking the boundary between Lubao and Bataan province had collapsed as well.

Salvador Panelo, spokesman for President Rodrigo Duterte, said the government is monitoring the after effects of the quake.

“We ask the public to remain calm but vigilant and we urge them to refrain from spreading disinformation in social media that may cause undue alarm, panic and stress to many people,” Panelo said in a statement. “We call upon our citizens’ innate Bayanihan spirit and request their cooperation, patience and understanding in this time of need.”

First responders from the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council, Office of Civil Defense, Philippine National Police, and affected local government units, as well as other related agencies, have responded to the quake-damaged communities, Panelo said.

Epicenter west of Manila

While its epicenter was traced to the province of Zambales, west of Manila, the quake was felt in varying intensities in the densely packed capital where local media reported panicked office workers evacuating as their tall office building swayed.

Emergency services said all flights to the Clark International Airport north of Manila had been cancelled for the next 24 hours as a safety precaution. Office workers at the Bonifacio Global City financial district in Manila were seen slumped on the sidewalks as others left work for the day.

Major urban centers in Bulacan north of Manila and the suburb of Quezon City as well as in Batangas and Pampanga provinces along with 20 cities around the capital felt the quake.

Bart Bautista, Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology deputy director, said at least 17 aftershocks were recorded and more are possible in the coming days. The Philippines sits on the so-called Pacific Rim of Fire, where active tectonic plates cause periodic quakes.

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occupied Palestinian territory: Mapping of Humanitarian Services at Community Level in the Gaza Strip- Final Report (April 2019)

Tue, 23 Apr 2019 03:21:09 +0000

Source: Norwegian Refugee Council
Country: occupied Palestinian territory

1 Executive Summary

The mapping of humanitarian services at community level in the Gaza Strip was conducted between April 2018 and March 2019. NRC teams conducted 1085 semi-structured interviews with service providers and stakeholders to collect data at community level. The information presented here is extracted through analysis of data and triangulation with findings from other sources and studies published by other humanitarian actors. The findings highlight sectoral capacities and opportunities available for humanitarian emergency services provided at community level alongside with the main gaps and vulnerabilities.

The mapping exercise identified locations and details of spontaneous displacement sites which were used by IDPs as temporary or emergency shelters during previous big conflicts. In addition, the extracted information asserts that displacement in the Gaza Strip would potentially occur from east to west where DESs and the larger numbers of residential housing units are located. The findings also reveal a big gap in NFI service provision, as only few local actors mentioned that they have the capacity or intention to distribute NFIs during any upcoming emergencies. Furthermore, the information reveals that there is lack of information regarding the shelter sector as mentioned by 78% of the interviewed informants.

For water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) the findings show that only a small number (26 out of 118) of interviewed desalination plant owners mentioned that they have an agreement to work in emergencies. The study found that displacement-receiving cities have adequate sewer networks where most of the residential housing units are connected, except for Khan Younis and Rafah that have lower percentages of housing units connected to sewer networks.

Regarding food security, the findings highlight a clear gap in food provision as all interviewed CBOs highlighted that they do not have food stock and will depend on big actors and donors to provide food during emergencies. Nonetheless, the exercise identifies a plethora of warehouses at local community level that can be used for food and NFI distribution.

From another perspective, the findings also shed the light on methods of communication used by communities during emergencies. The findings affirm that radio is the most preferred channel followed by internet and then phone calls/SMS.

Key recommendations include, (1) shelter actors should prioritize stockpiling activities to leverage preparedness and capacities to respond; (2) all humanitarian actors are advised to utilize communities’ capacities in emergency preparedness and response and build on them; and (3) conducting informed programming for emergency preparedness by addressing the highlighted gaps and targeting localities with more vulnerabilities and higher exposure to hazards.

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Palau: Dengue 3 Outbreak, Palau, December 2018 – March 2019 - Report Date: April 23, 2019

Tue, 23 Apr 2019 03:14:28 +0000

Source: Government of Palau
Country: Palau

Outbreak Overview

On Friday, December 7, 2018, the Palau Ministry of Health alerted the public of an outbreak of dengue fever following the first ever laboratory confirmation of two cases with dengue serotype-3. This poses a significant concern for public health as the whole population is potentially vulnerable to infection.

In response to the outbreak, the Ministry of Health activated its emergency response team on December 7, 2018. The team has been tasked with raising community awareness of the outbreak and dengue prevention measures, conducting disease surveillance and reporting, strengthening mosquito control measures, and ensuring adequate resources are available to combat the outbreak.

Between April 15 – 21, 2019, there were 8 new cases reported. This brings the total from December 1, 2018 to April 21, 2019 to 164 cases.

There have been no reported deaths attributed to dengue infection during this outbreak.

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Fiji: Two children drown in Fiji flood waters

Tue, 23 Apr 2019 01:17:57 +0000

Source: Radio New Zealand International
Country: Fiji

Two children in Fiji have drowned in flood waters in two separate incidents over the Easter weekend.

Read more on Radio New Zealand International

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Mozambique: Child Protection Risks and Needs in Mozambique: Secondary Data Review - April 2019

Tue, 23 Apr 2019 01:01:02 +0000

Source: UN Children's Fund, Protection Cluster
Country: Mozambique

Overall Protection

As of 2019, Mozambique has a population of approximately 30 million ; 32% lives in urban areas and median age of the total population is between 17 and 18 . According to the 2017 census, Mozambique’s population is growing at an average rate of 3.5 percent per annum. Fertility rates, particularly adolescent fertility rates, are very high while life expectancy remains among the lowest in the world (55 years). This means a growing proportion of the population is made up of children (51 per cent under 18 and 64 per cent under 25). Estimates exposed in a UNICEF report from 2018, show that 1.7 million people were affected by disabilities and that 26% “of households include at least one member with a functional limitation”

In 2019, the UN estimated that approximatively 815,000 people were in need of protection services and 80,000 were targeted by the protection response, which aimed at reducing exposure to protection risks. Precyclone Idai, the response included strategies to prevent and respond to the loss of life, sexual violence, exploitation and abuse, physical violence, socio-economic deprivation, and harmful traditional practices including child marriage.

Known protection concerns relate to sexual violence, armed groups as well as the mining industry. Regarding sexual violence, figures are alarming and reported attacks against girls and women have enhanced the deployment of specific counter measures. See page 9 for more information on sexual violence against girls and boys.

Serious protection concerns points to the attacks that occurred in the Northern region of the country between 2017 to 2019. Extremists armed groups Ansar al-Sunna overran the town of Mocimboa da Praia and beheaded four people as a retaliation against western culture and foreign exploitation of fossil fuel in the region . Ever since the outbreak, more than hundreds of homes have been destroyed and approximatively hundred people have been either killed or injured.

The mining industry in Mozambique can bring risks to civilians. Working conditions are oftentimes harsh and not in line with international regulations. For example, in July 2018, videos published on social media showed officers in uniform assaulting miners in the Cabo Delgado province. Other reports denounced beatings, extortion, rape and torture perpetrated by security forces against miners in the northern region over the past years. Human rights observers reported that “the footage showed uniformed officers beating the miners and ordering some of them to beat others who were tied to trees or had their heads buried in the sand.”

Mozambique ranks 42nd in the World Risk Index, with a very high level of vulnerability (71%) and susceptibility (65%), together with an alarming lack of coping mechanisms, rated at 86%. The index describes susceptibility as the likelihood that a society would have of suffering from harm in the case of an extreme natural event. Coping mechanisms indicates the lack of resources that the same society would have to minimize the impact of natural hazards.

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World: Child-Centred Risk Reduction Research-into-Action Brief:Community-based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM)

Mon, 22 Apr 2019 23:22:07 +0000

Source: Save the Children
Country: World


Research shows that localised, bottom-up disaster risk management (DRM) enables communities to have a say in building appropriate resilience mechanisms. This can only be effective if CBDRM is founded on an understanding of the complexities of vulnerability, and the interdependencies of the risks that cause it. We also see how current thought on encouraging young people’s participation in CBDRM has arisen from the recognition that their vulnerability can be a source of strength, able to positively impact the social, economic and institutional resilience of entire populations. Case-study analysis reveals that securing reliable, long-term support from governments in DRM remains a key challenge, as does making CBDRM a priority of both national and international policy, and maintaining momentum for DRM at community level. Analysis also shows that further work is still needed to ensure that the most excluded and critically vulnerable communities can be prioritised.


Top-down approaches – typically led by governments and NGOs – often treat disasters as isolated events and draw on external experts and expensive or inaccessible resources. This can undermine local knowledge. However, CBDRM can avoid this, as it is a way of analysing and implementing DRM that comes from, and is organised by, local communities. The rise of CBDRM has contributed to a shift towards viewing disasters as interconnected with each other and with socioeconomic challenges, and to considering pre-emptive actions that address the root causes of vulnerabilities (Cuny 1983; Lewis 1999; Wisner et al 2004). Within CBDRM, one important process is Hazard, Vulnerability and Capacity Assessments (HVCA). This approach considers all the potential hazards and vulnerabilities of a community and suggests ways to address them.

Children occupy a position of both unique vulnerability and capability when it comes to disasters and disaster risk. They are commonly viewed as passive victims, but many international treaties1 recognise that children have distinct power, abilities and rights. Consequently, supporting children in CBDRM increasingly uses strategies that encourage their active participation and leadership.

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Nigeria: Nigeria Security Tracker Weekly Update: April 13–19, 2019

Mon, 22 Apr 2019 22:08:39 +0000

Source: Council on Foreign Relations
Country: Nigeria

Blog Post by John Campbell

Below is a visualization and description of some of the most significant incidents of political violence in Nigeria from April 13 to 19, 2019. This update also represents violence related to Boko Haram in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger. These incidents will be included in the Nigeria Security Tracker.

  • April 13: The Nigerian Air Force killed four bandits in Talata-Mafara, Zamfara.

  • April 13: Nigerian and Cameroonian troops killed twenty-seven Boko Haram militants in Ngala, Borno.

Read more on The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR).

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Sri Lanka: Security Council Press Statement on Series of Terrorist Attacks across Sri Lanka

Mon, 22 Apr 2019 21:51:04 +0000

Source: UN Security Council
Country: Sri Lanka


The following Security Council press statement was issued today by Council President Christoph Heusgen (Germany):

The members of the Security Council condemned in the strongest terms the series of heinous and cowardly terrorist attacks that took place at St. Anthony’s Shrine in Colombo, St. Sebastian’s in Negambo, Zion Church in Batticaloa, the Shangri-La, Cinnamon Grand, and Kingsbury hotels in Colombo, as well as three explosions across Sri Lanka on Easter Sunday, 21 April 2019, which resulted in nearly 300 killed and hundreds more wounded.

The members of the Security Council expressed their deepest sympathy and condolences to the families of the victims and to the Government of Sri Lanka and they wished a speedy and full recovery to those who were injured.

The members of the Security Council reaffirmed that terrorism in all its forms and manifestations constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security.

The members of the Security Council underlined the need to hold perpetrators, organizers, financiers and sponsors of these reprehensible acts of terrorism accountable and bring them to justice, and urged all States, in accordance with their obligations under international law and relevant Security Council resolutions, to cooperate actively with the Government of Sri Lanka and all other relevant authorities in this regard.

The members of the Security Council reiterated that any acts of terrorism are criminal and unjustifiable, regardless of their motivation, wherever, whenever and by whomsoever committed. They reaffirmed the need for all States to combat by all means, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and other obligations under international law, including international human rights law, international refugee law and international humanitarian law, threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts.

For information media. Not an official record.

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