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ReliefWeb - Updates

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ReliefWeb - Updates

Indonesia, Flooding in Penajem Paser Utara Regency, East Kalimantan (21 Sep 2021)

Wed, 22 Sep 2021 04:57:17 +0000

Country: Indonesia
Source: ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance


Penajam Paser Utara


Cause: Heavy rainfall
Location: Kec. Waru
Impacts: 30 families/103 persons affected
Damages: 30 houses, 1 mosque

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Myanmar Emergency Overview Map: Number of people displaced since Feb 2021 and remain displaced (as of 20 Sep 2021)

Wed, 22 Sep 2021 04:31:45 +0000

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Countries: Myanmar, Thailand
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees

Please refer to the attached Map.

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Zimbabwe: Dire Lack of Clean Water in Capital

Wed, 22 Sep 2021 04:24:38 +0000

Country: Zimbabwe
Source: Human Rights Watch

Urgently Tackle Years-long Crisis in Harare

(Johannesburg) – Residents of Zimbabwe’s capital, Harare, face a potable water crisis three years after a deadly cholera outbreak, Human Rights Watch said today. Zimbabwe’s central government and the Harare City Council should urgently act to ensure clean water for millions of people affected.

The water situation in Harare is largely the same as in 2008, when Zimbabwe experienced the most devastating cholera outbreak in Africa in 15 years. The outbreak killed 4,200 people and infected at least 100,000. Human Rights Watch found that the city’s perennial water crisis, which is linked to the cholera outbreak, is the result of the city’s obsolete water infrastructure, a ballooning population, severe droughts, and pervasive government corruption and mismanagement. Poor governance and disputes between the central government and the Harare City Council have hindered efforts to address the problems.

“Harare’s long unresolved water crisis is a ticking time bomb of magnified health risks that forces residents to seek alternative, often unsafe water sources,” said Dewa Mavhinga, Southern Africa director at Human Rights Watch. “Zimbabwean authorities at the national and local levels should work together to promptly and permanently end Harare’s dangerous water problems.”

Human Rights Watch interviewed 85 people in October 2019 and July and August 2021 water in five densely populated, or high-density, areas (Budiriro, Glenview, Highfields, Mabvuku, and Mbare) who had no access to safe drinking water: in Harare, the peri-urban informal settlement of Epworth near Harare, and the surrounding towns of Chitungwiza, Norton, and Ruwa. Human Rights Watch also interviewed 11 central government and municipal officials, public health experts, legal experts, city council employees, and staff of nongovernmental organizations and United Nations agencies in Zimbabwe. Human Rights Watch also reviewed reports from the government, UN, nongovernmental groups, and the media on water issues in Harare.

The infrastructure for piped water in Harare was developed in the 1950s, before Zimbabwe’s independence in 1980, and designed for a population of 300,000 people. Currently, Harare’s greater metropolitan area has about 4.5 million people, more than half of whom have no access to clean water and are at risk of water-borne diseases such as cholera and typhoid.

The water crisis in Harare has affected people’s rights to water and sanitation as well as other related rights, including the rights to life, food, and health. “Sometimes we get city council water in the taps,” a woman from the high-density suburb of Mabvuku told Human Rights Watch. “It is not clean. We cannot drink it and, because it smells badly, we cannot use it to cook.”

Common water sources, namely shallow wells, taps, and many boreholes – deep, narrow wells – are often contaminated, Human Rights Watch said. However, despite the known risk of contaminated water, there is no specific official information on which water sources are safe, leaving residents to take their chances.

“The water that comes out from the taps is neither clean nor safe to drink, so we have to depend on borehole water, which we feel is better,” said a 46-year-old woman from Harare’s Glenview suburb. “But we know that even borehole water is not safe for drinking.”

More affluent families in Harare’s low-density suburbs drill safe boreholes and purchase bottled water, options not available to the vast majority of the population. The humanitarian organization Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF, or Doctors Without Borders) in Zimbabwe has developed a method of protecting new boreholes from contamination with sanitary seals, but local governments have not adopted this solution, which costs several thousand US dollars per borehole.

Under section 77 of Zimbabwe’s 2013 constitution, “every person has the right to safe, clean, and potable water.” The government is obligated to take reasonable legislative and other measures, within the limits of available resources, to achieve the progressive realization of the right to water. Zimbabwe is also a party to African regional and international human rights treaties that recognize the right to water and sanitation.

The government at the national and local levels should urgently act to ensure alternative sources of safe drinking water, such as safe boreholes and protected wells, for the entire population, Human Rights Watch said.

“Zimbabwean authorities should not wait for the next cholera outbreak to provide access to safe drinking water for everyone,” Mavhinga said. “The government should invest in low-cost water equipment and distribution systems to uphold the right of millions of Zimbabweans to potable water.”

For additional information on the Harare water crisis, witness accounts, legal standards, and recommendations, please see below.

Harare’s Water** Crisis**

The millions of residents of Harare and the surrounding areas have been hard hit by the region’s water crisis. In Mbare, a high-density suburb of Harare which has the country’s biggest and busiest bus terminus and a vegetable market visited by thousands of people daily, water and sanitation facilities are insufficient, residents said.

Blocks of “bachelor flats” in Mbare, built and designed for one-person occupancy during colonial times, now house large families, severely straining the limited water resources. Because of the lack of water, the flush toilets are severely inadequate, unsanitary, and in many cases as a result are nonfunctional. Both Harare and Chitungwiza have numerous open markets in which thousands of people set up stalls to sell meat, vegetables, fruit, and livestock, but the markets lack adequate water and sanitation facilities. For instance, at the Kamunhu Shopping Centre, the Harare City Council established about 2,000 market stalls for traders, but it did not provide running water.

Residents who at times get tap water described the water’s quality as poor. A 53-year-old woman from the Mabvuku high-density suburb said that: “Now we get water in our taps twice a week in the evenings, but we cannot drink that water, we only use it for washing. For drinking and cooking water, we [go to] boreholes where we wait sometimes four hours to get it.”

Those who have no access to tap water rely on boreholes for all their water. A 32-year-old mother of two in the Highfields high-density suburb said that her tap water was shut off after she failed to pay Zim $6,000 (US$70) in water bills over six months. Consequently, she depends on the potentially dangerous water from the borehole. “Many people queue to get water from the borehole, but we do not know if the water is safe to drink,” she said.

The boreholes are also not always reliable or accessible. A 56-year-old mother of three in the Budiriro high-density suburb said:

In 2019, we had a borehole that was working here in Budiriro 5. We would spend over six hours waiting for water, but it was better we had a borehole nearby. The borehole broke down and has not been working for the last five months. We must now walk a long distance to Mufakose, another residency area, sometimes at night, to fetch water from boreholes there.

The Chitungwiza municipality depends on treated water supplied by the Harare City Council. The water supply in Harare directly affects the Chitungwiza municipality, which gets rationed water as a result. Epworth, an informal settlement adjacent to Harare, has no water infrastructure for its 120,000-plus residents. Instead, tens of thousands of Epworth residents have depended on a dam with stagnant, unsafe water for more than three decades, even though the water is unfit for human consumption. A 21-year-old woman who has lived her entire life in Epworth without tap water said:

I know that the dam water is not safe to drink, sometimes we fall sick after drinking the water, but I have no choice. I need the water to survive, and I have nowhere else to get water.

In Harare’s low-density suburbs in the north and east of the city, more affluent families have devised alternatives, including drilling safe boreholes and using bottled water, which costs Zim $86 (US$1) for a one-liter bottle. That is unaffordable for the vast majority of Zimbabweans, many of whom live well under the poverty line.

Médecins Sans Frontières in Zimbabwe, which since 2015 has worked to bring safe, clean water to vulnerable communities, in 2017 introduced new drilling and cementation techniques, placing sanitary seals to protect newly drilled boreholes from contamination. MSF reported that tested water from these boreholes showed “‘zero’ bacteriological and chemical contamination.”

MSF has since advocated drilling these safe boreholes to prevent contamination, including through the dissemination of a toolkit on good practices in water, sanitation, and hygiene that explains how to protect borehole water from contamination. However, the average cost is very high, ranging from US$5,400 to $6,000 per borehole, and Harare and surrounding towns have not adopted the cementation technology.

Water Crisis Causes

Several factors have contributed to Harare’s severe water problems, including economic decay; perennial droughts affecting Lake Chivero, which is dammed to supply Harare with water; the lack of maintenance of the old water infrastructure; the inability to procure the necessary chemicals to treat water sources; political struggles between the central government under the ruling party and the opposition-controlled city council; and corruption.

Economic Decay, Dilapidated Water Infrastructure

Harare’s water supply comes from Lake Chivero dam water, which the city’s mayor, Jacob Mafume, says is so heavily contaminated with raw sewage that it requires many different chemicals to purify. Harare City Council’s water department uses 12 chemicals, including chlorine gas, aluminum sulfate, sulfuric acid, sodium silicate, activated carbon, and hydrated lime, to treat and purify water from the Lake Chivero dam. Most of these chemicals are imported and very expensive, creating a huge challenge for a country facing severe foreign currency shortages.

Ian Makone, a Harare city councilor, blamed leakages in the old, dilapidated, and inadequate water distribution network for the water crisis. “More than 40 percent of pumped treated water is not delivered due to leakages,” Makone said. There are cracks in both the water and sewage pipes because of the city’s failure to replace decades-old pipes several years ago, causing flowing tap water to be mixed with sewage in several places across Harare.

Conflicts Between National and Local Authorities

Zimbabwe’s government has an obligation under international human rights law to ensure that the right to water is met, regardless of whether the policies are carried out by the national government or delegated to local authorities. Political tensions between the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) party, which controls the central government, and the opposition Movement for Democratic Change Alliance (MDCA), which controls the Harare municipal government, has adversely affected water service delivery in the region.

The central government has not fulfilled constitutional provisions that allow for the devolution of power from the central government to the municipal level. Zimbabwe’s Parliament has not enacted legislation to establish appropriate systems and procedures to facilitate coordination between the central government and local authorities. Thus, while the Harare City Council has the responsibility to supply clean water to residents, the central government, through the Ministry of Local Government, wields the decision-making power. At the same time, the central government is responsible for constructing dams to provide water for cities, but no new dams have been constructed for Harare and Chitungwiza despite the existence of such plans for decades.

Harare’s Mayor Mfume told Human Rights Watch that inadequate laws authorizing the local government to provide water have hampered the city council’s efforts to address the water crisis and improve service delivery for the metropolitan area. “Currently, we are unable to operate effectively because our hands are tied by the Ministry of Local Government and the centralization that inhibits the operations of municipalities,” he said. “The mayors have no real powers.”

The MDC Alliance president, Nelson Chamisa said:

The [ZANU-PF controlled] Ministry of Local Government still enjoys superpowers. It appoints all town clerks, CEOs, and other officials. This means they continue to sabotage our efforts for change. The government still approves and limits our budgets. We are not able to determine rates, leaving us unable to make enough money to provide adequate services.

The ZANU-PF party minister for the Harare metropolitan province, Oliver Chidawu, said the central government acknowledged the challenges of decentralization and the water crisis, and is in discussions about long-term plans, including the construction of new dams, but said the major challenge is funding. He said the government needs support from international donors to be able to have a comprehensive response to the water crisis.

Existing legislation makes it complicated and difficult for municipal authorities to address problems like access to clean water, the former mayor of Harare, Herbert Gomba, said. For instance, under the Joint Ventures Act, before the city can engage a private company for services, it must first send a resolution to the national Ministry of Local Government, which must then send a resolution to the Office of the President and Cabinet for approval. The Urban Councils Act prohibits cities from borrowing money or entering into contracts without Ministry of Local Government authorization. In addition, the Procurement Act removed procurement powers from local authorities and put the powers in the Office of the President and Cabinet.

The local and central governments have continued to blame each other without resolving Harare’s water crisis.

Local and National Government Corruption

Public sector corruption and mismanagement at the local and central government levels have exacerbated the government’s neglect of water infrastructure over the last two decades, compromising access to safe, clean water. Transparency International’s 2020 Corruption Perception Index found that corruption is extremely high in Zimbabwe, ranking it 157 out of 179 countries. Corruption is rife in the central government as well as within the Harare City Council and Chitungwiza municipality, negatively affecting service delivery.

In July 2020 the anticorruption unit in President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s office arrested the then-mayor of Harare, Herbert Gomba, and other top city council officials, on allegations of corruption and abuse of office regarding approval irregularities in the sale of land and alteration of plans. Gomba’s case is still in the courts. Four months later, Mafume, who replaced Gomba as mayor, was also arrested on allegations of corruption, prompting the opposition Movement for Democratic Change to assert that the Zimbabwean government was using its law enforcement agents to target council officials from the MDCA. Mafume’s case is also still before the courts.

Domestic and International Legal Standards Guaranteeing the Right to Water

Zimbabwe’s 2013 constitution protects the right to water. Section 77 of the constitution states that every person has the right to “safe, clean, and potable water.” Under the constitution, the state “must take reasonable legislative and other measures, within the limits of the resources available to it, to achieve the progressive realization of this right.”

The African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, which Zimbabwe has ratified, does not expressly include the right to water. However, the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights has interpreted the right to water as being implied by various rights codified in the African Charter, including the right to “a general satisfactory environment” favorable to peoples’ development, which is unattainable without access to water and sanitation. The African Commission in 2020 published Guidelines on the Right to Water in Africa, which it said was grounded in regional treaties’ protection of economic, social, and cultural development; health; access to natural resources; the environment; and food

In 2010 121 countries, including Zimbabwe, voted in the UN General Assembly to recognize a freestanding right to water. In 2011 the UN Human Rights Council endorsed the right to safe drinking water and to sanitation as basic rights.

The General Assembly adopted a resolution in 2015 that states that the right to water entitles everyone, without discrimination, “to have access to sufficient, safe, acceptable, physically accessible, and affordable water for personal and domestic use.”

The UN Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights has interpreted international law on the right to water, as well as state obligations, in its General Comment No. 15. The state’s minimum core obligations include ensuring people’s access to sufficient, safe water and physical access to water facilities or services that are a reasonable distance away.

Zimbabwe has ratified international human rights treaties that contain – explicitly or implicitly – provisions on the right to water, including the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

Recommendations to the Zimbabw**e Central Government **

  • Implement legal and other reforms to ensure the full promotion, protection, and enjoyment of the right to water enshrined in section 77 of Zimbabwe’s 2013 constitution and African regional and international human rights law.
  • Ensure residents’ access to potable water either directly through central government authority or by adequately empowering local governments.
  • Work with city councils to develop and implement a system, such as sliding scale fees, to ensure the delivery of affordable and safe piped water to low-income families.
  • Work with local authorities to ensure that all public boreholes are regularly tested for water quality and that these results are disseminated to residents.
  • Provide regular, up-to-date information to residents on the water quality of both taps and boreholes in their areas so they understand the health risks and benefits of available water sources.
  • Upgrade the water infrastructure in Harare and surrounding areas.
  • Take steps to reduce corruption, including by developing and enforcing transparency and accountability measures regarding the allocation of finances and expenditures.

**Recommendations to the Harare City Council **

  • Ensure residents’ access to potable water either directly through central government authority or by adequately empowering local governments.
  • Develop and implement a system, such as sliding scale fees, to ensure the delivery of affordable and safe piped water to low-income families.
  • Upgrade the water infrastructure in Harare.
  • Provide regular, up-to-date information to residents on the water quality of both taps and boreholes in their areas so they understand the health risks and benefits of available water sources.
  • Ensure that all public boreholes are regularly tested for water quality and that these results are disseminated to residents.
  • Take steps to reduce corruption, including by developing and enforcing transparency and accountability measures regarding the allocation of finances and expenditures.

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Indonesia, Flooding in West Halmahera Regency, North Maluku (21 Sep 2021)

Wed, 22 Sep 2021 03:15:32 +0000

Country: Indonesia
Source: ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance


Halmahera Barat


Floods in Kab. West Halmahera, Prov. North Maluku

Chronology :
• It has been raining with high intensity since morning causing the river to overflow
• Time of occurrence : On Tuesday, September 21, 2021, at 19.00 WIT.

Location :
• Kec. Jailolo
• Ds. Akediri
• Ds. Todowongi

• In data collection

Material Losses:
• 29 houses
• Flood depth 50 - 60 Cm

Effort :
• Kab. BPBD TRC Team. West Halmahera conducts rapid assessment and data collection

Source :
• Pusdalops BPBD Kab. West Halmahera

Informed By:
Complaint Number / Call Center : 117 (Toll Free)
Instagram : pusdalops_bnpb
Twitter : @Bnpbpusdalops

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Indonesia, Flooding in Southeast Minahasa Regency, North Sulawesi (20 Sep 2021)

Wed, 22 Sep 2021 03:10:00 +0000

Country: Indonesia
Source: ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance


Minahasa Tenggara


Flash Flood in Kab. Southeast Minahasa, Prov. North Sulawesi
UPDATE : Monday, 20 September 2021, Pkl. 19.30 WIB

Chronology :
• The occurrence of high-intensity rain that has been pouring since morning has resulted in the overflow of the Palaus River and shipments from the Manimporok mountains in the form of wood and mud.
• Time of occurrence : On Monday, September 20, 2021, 14.30 WITA.

Location :
• Kab. Minahasa Tenggara
• Kec. Ratahan
• Ds. Nataan
• Ds. Lowu
• Kec. Ratahan Timur
• Ds. Pangu
• Ds. Wioy
(Other areas under data collection)

• 1 Person missing
• There are refugees (in data collection)

Material Losses: (Still in data collection)
• 33 House (Still in data collection)
• 1 Motorcycle Workshop
• 1 store
• 1 public building
• 1 Church
• Max flood depth 300 Cm

Effort :
• BPBD Kab. Southeast Minahasa conducted a rapid assessment and coordinated with BPBD Prov. North Sulawesi and related agencies
• BPBD Kab. Southeast Minahasa carried out the evacuation of victims, the relevant agencies were still handling it.
• The Regent, Deputy, Regional Secretary of Southeast Minahasa Regency have inspected the location of the incident.

Latest Condition:
20/09/2021, Pkl. 19.30 WIB
• rainy weather
• The delivery of water discharge from the Manimporok mountains continues to increase.

Source :
• BPBD Kab. Southeast Minahasa
• BPBD Kab. Southeast Minahasa
• PUSDALOPS North Sulawesi Province

Informed By:
Complaint Number / Call Center : 117 (Toll Free)
Instagram : pusdalops_bnpb
Twitter : @Bnpbpusdalops

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Somalia: Early Warning - Early Action Dashboard Time Series Chart: Trends in the Number of Risk Factors in Alarm Phase (Jan 2015 - Aug 2021)

Wed, 22 Sep 2021 03:08:44 +0000

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Country: Somalia
Source: Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit

Please refer to the attached Infographic.

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Somalia Early Warning, Early Action: Trends in Risk Factors, Jan 2016 - Aug 2021 (Indicators in Alarm Phase)

Wed, 22 Sep 2021 03:06:44 +0000

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Country: Somalia
Source: Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit

Please refer to the attached Infographic.

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Focused COVID-19 Media Monitoring, Nepal (September 22, 2021)

Wed, 22 Sep 2021 02:56:59 +0000

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Country: Nepal
Source: World Health Organization

Please refer to the attached file.

Emerging Theme(s):

  • Nepal reported 1,036 new COVID-19 cases, 5 deaths on September 21; rate of COVID-19 infection has declined significantly, seen at 9.7 per cent in recent days, lowest in the country this year
  • India looks at resuming exports of COVID-19 vaccines in October quarter
  • Cabinet gives approval for COVID-19 Crisis Management Bill to be placed before the Parliament
  • Pfizer says its COVID-19 vaccine works on children aged 5-11 years
  • Nepali nationals returning home for the festival season from foreign shores need to have PCR negative report of 72 hours, complete vaccination certificate; if not, they’ll have to stay in 10-day hotel quarantine

Recurring Theme(s):

  • Reopening of in-person classes in schools has left parents in a dilemma; Madhyapur Thimi Municipality to reopen schools for physical classes only after Chhath in mid-November

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Nicaragua recibe 199,200 dosis de vacunas contra la COVID-19 donadas por España

Wed, 22 Sep 2021 02:34:23 +0000

Countries: Nicaragua, Spain
Source: World Health Organization

Managua, 11 de septiembre de 2021 (OPS/OMS).- Una vez más se patentiza la solidaridad y compromiso del Gobierno de España con el pueblo de Nicaragua, donando 199,200 dosis de vacunas AstraZeneca, las que se sumarán a la campaña de vacunación contra la COVID-19 en el estrato de edad de 30 años y más que el Ministerio de Salud iniciará en los próximos días.

Nicaragua ha recibido 832,300 dosis del biológico contra la COVID-19 a través del Mecanismo COVAX, la iniciativa global para el acceso equitativo a las vacunas contra la enfermedad que causa el virus SARS-CoV-2

Este nuevo lote de vacunas que contribuirán a proteger a más personas contra la COVID-19 fueron recibidas por la Ministra de Salud – Dra. Martha Reyes, la Ministra Asesora de la Presidencia en temas de salud Dra. Sonia Castro, la Representante de OPS/OMS - Ing Ana Treasure, el Encargado de Negocios a.i. de la Embajada de España – Sr. Jaime Ramos Schlingmann, el Representante de UNICEF – Sr. Antero Almeida de Pina y funcionarios del MINSA, OPS y UNICEF.

La Representante de OPS/OMS – Ing. Treasure, indicó que esta donación amplía el acceso a las vacunas para el país, apoya los esfuerzos nacionales y es una vía más para que Nicaragua pueda alcanzar sus objetivos de vacunación por todas las vías posibles.

También informó que es un esfuerzo coordinado con el Fondo Rotatorio de la OPS y COVAX, que permite a canalizar las donaciones de los países que tienen disponibilidad, con el fin de asegurar el acceso equitativo a las vacunas y de esta forma proteger a las poblaciones vulnerables.

A su vez, hizo énfasis en la importancia de vacunar a las embarazadas y lactantes porque se ha evidenciado que son altamente vulnerables ante la COVID-19 y que es fundamental que las embarazadas mantengan las medidas de salud pública, las cuales son eficaces.

Para la OPS, es prioridad salvar tantas vidas como sea posible empezando por aquellos con mayor riesgo de infectarse. Asimismo, encabeza iniciativas para ayudar a reducir la dependencia en las importaciones farmacéuticas impulsando la producción de vacunas y tecnologías de salud a nivel regional, debido a la limitada disponibilidad.

La Dra. Martha Reyes, Ministra de Salud, agradeció la donación recibida en nombre del Gobierno de Nicaragua y agregó que las vacunas son un elemento clave de todo el Plan integral de contención de la COVID-19 en el país, aunado a las visitas casas a casa, la divulgación de las medidas preventivas y la atención en las unidades de salud.

Para el Ministerio de Salud, es muy importante estas vacunas que el Gobierno y pueblo de España ha donado en tres momentos, lo que permitirá ampliar a grupos de menor edad, informó la Dra. Reyes.

El Encargado de Negocios a.i. de la Embajada de España – Sr. Jaime Ramos Schlingmann manifestó que este tercer lote se suma a las anteriores donaciones de España, que suman 431.620 dosis y próximamente se prevé una cuarta entrega.

Estas donaciones forman parte del esfuerzo por parte de España de aportar una repuesta multilateral conjunta y solidaria a la pandemia, que ha golpeado especialmente a la región de América Latina y Caribe, con la que España mantiene estrechos lazos históricos y de cooperación.

Las vacunas se distribuirán próximamente a través del mecanismo de respuesta multilateral COVAX, con el apoyo logístico de la OPS.

Durante su intervención el Representante de UNICEF - Sr. Almeida de Pina expresó que España con esta donación de 199 mil 200 dosis de vacunas, realiza su tercera entrega de vacunas a Nicaragua, en menos de 2 meses, una contribución muy importante de España enmarcada en su compromiso de contribuir a asegurar el acceso cada vez más equitativo a las vacunas tanto en Nicaragua, como en todo el mundo.

Además, felicitó al Ministerio de Salud que junto al personal de salud realizan grandes esfuerzos logísticos, de organización y de compromiso para avanzar en la inmunización. De igual forma, al pueblo de Nicaragua por su participación e interés en avanzar hacia la inmunización, respondiendo a los llamados para vacunarse.


El mecanismo COVAX es un fondo global para el desarrollo y la adquisición de vacunas por parte de los países, que lideran la Coalición para la Promoción de Innovaciones en pro de la Preparación ante las Epidemias (CEPI), la Alianza Mundial para las Vacunas e Inmunización (GAVI), UNICEF, la Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS) y la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS). El objetivo de esta coalición es garantizar la distribución equitativa de las vacunas COVID-19 a nivel mundial, en lo que constituye la mayor operación de adquisición y suministro de vacunas de la historia.

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Haiti: Initiative Conjointe de Suivi des Marchés (ICSM) : Haïti, Juillet 2021

Wed, 22 Sep 2021 02:19:20 +0000

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Country: Haiti
Sources: Catholic Relief Services, REACH Initiative

Please refer to the attached Infographic.


Situé dans les Caraïbes, Haïti est le pays le plus pauvre et vulnérable du continent américain. Dans le cadre des réponses humanitaires et interventions de protection sociale mises en œuvre dans le pays, le transfert monétaire (TM) est une modalité souvent privilégiée par les acteurs de l’aide, qui travaillent de façon coordonnée à travers le Groupe de Travail sur les Transferts Monétaires (GTTM) national. Les TM ont pour objectif de renforcer la résilience de la population vulnérable par le biais d’un soutien économique direct. Afin d’appuyer la planification des activités de TM, REACH et le GTTM ont mis en place un système collaboratif de suivi mensuel et multisectoriel des prix de produits clés pour les acteurs humanitaires, sur la base d’un panier de dépenses minimum (MEB) adapté au contexte haïtien.

Cette fiche d’information fournit un aperçu des résultats de la huitième collecte de données de l’ICSM, qui a eu lieu du 20 au 28 juillet 2021, environ deux semaines après l’assassinat du Président de la République d’Haïti, ajouté à l’escalade des affrontements dans le bas de la ville de Port-au-Prince. Les enquêtes portaient sur 7 produits alimentaires, 8 produits d’hygiène et assainissement et l’eau de boisson, et ont été effectuées dans des marchés sélectionnés par les partenaires de l’ICSM en faisant une distinction entre les milieux ruraux et urbains. Parmi les informations présentées figurent notamment (i) la distribution et les médianes des prix des produits (ii) le co슩t du panier réduit de l’ICSM et (iii) des informations sur la chaîne d’approvisionnement.

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CAR: RCA - Initiative conjointe de suivi des marchés (ICSM) 20 aout au 03 septembre 2021

Wed, 22 Sep 2021 02:16:35 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Country: Central African Republic
Source: REACH Initiative

Please refer to the attached file.


L’initiative conjointe de suivi des marchés (ICSM) a été créée par le Groupe de Travail sur les Transferts Monétaires (GTTM) en avril 2019 avec pour objectif de mieux comprendre comment les marchés centrafricains réagissent à la crise et d’informer les réponses sous forme de transferts monétaires. Cette initiative est guidée par le sous-groupe de travail sur le suivi des marchés du GTTM et bénéficie du financement du Bureau d'Assistance Humanitaire (BHA) des Etats-Unis et du Fonds Humanitaire (FH) en RCA.

La collecte de données est réalisée au cours des dix derniers jours de chaque mois, sur les principaux marchés de la République Centrafricaine. Sur chaque marché, les équipes de terrain enregistrent les prix et la disponibilité des produits alimentaires et non-alimentaires de base, vendus dans les magasins et étals de ces marchés (le panier minimum d'articles de survie (PMAS) ainsi qu'une liste de produits supplémentaires).

Cette fiche d'information fournit un aperçu des écarts de prix et des médianes pour les principaux produits alimentaires et les produits non-alimentaires dans les zones évaluées. Les facteurs expliquant les ruptures de stocks et indisponibilités d’articles auxquelles font face les marchés sont également étudiés.

Les bases de données nettoyées et les fiches techniques sont disponibles sur le Centre de Ressources REACH et partagées via la liste de contacts du GTTM. Le tableau de bord interactif de l'ICSM est disponible sur ce lien.

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Market Network Analysis - June 2021: Northeast Syria

Wed, 22 Sep 2021 02:12:27 +0000

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Country: Syrian Arab Republic
Source: REACH Initiative

Please refer to the attached file.


This Market Network Analysis was conducted in order to gain an understanding of the functionalityof markets and the interdependencies between markets and communities in covered locations.The analysis illustrates the market locations that communities rely on. This analysis aims tosupport humanitarian actors in the quick identification of communities that would likely be affectedshould a market fall out of service, and in the implementation of market-based interventions inthis region.

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Market Network Analysis - June 2021: Northwest Syria l Northern Aleppo and Idleb Governorates

Wed, 22 Sep 2021 02:10:38 +0000

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Country: Syrian Arab Republic
Source: REACH Initiative

Please refer to the attached file.


This Market Network Analysis was conducted in order to gain an understanding of the functionality of markets and the interdependencies between markets and communities in covered locations. The analysis illustrates the market locations that communities rely on. This analysis aims to support humanitarian actors in the quick identification of communities that would likely be affected should a market fall out of service, and in the implementation of market-based interventions in this region.

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Syria: Daily Emergency Needs Tracking weekly bulletin: 13 September - 19 September 2021 Covering the needs of newly-arrived IDPs

Wed, 22 Sep 2021 02:08:15 +0000

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Country: Syrian Arab Republic
Source: REACH Initiative

Please refer to the attached Infographic.

Background and methodology

The aim of the Emergency Needs Tracking (ENT) System is to track the key priority needs of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in northwest Syria, as well as identifying communities with households in direct need of humanitarian assistance. The ENT assesses communities that have experienced any of the following in the three days prior to data collection: more than 40 IDP arrivals, natural hazards (including storms, fires, and flooding), conflict escalation, or any other event which impacts humanitarian needs. This information should serve to better inform immediate humanitarian operations, as well as provide a wider contextual understanding of the ongoing situation. As the humanitarian situation remains complex, it is critical to fill information gaps across sectors to ensure a well-coordinated humanitarian response.

Data was collected between 13 September and 19 September (excluding Friday and Saturday). Information was collected via a Key Informant (KI) methodology with one KI interview conducted per community. Findings should be considered indicative only. 62 communities, including 8 camps, were assessed overall across Western Aleppo, Idleb and Hama governorates. The full dashboard can be accessed here and the full catalogue of datasets can be accessed here.

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Kenya County Climate Risk Profile Series: Climate Risk Profile - Murang’a County

Wed, 22 Sep 2021 01:01:29 +0000

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Country: Kenya
Source: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security

Please refer to the attached file.


  • Agriculture is Murang’a County’s main economic activity. It plays a crucial role in food and nutrition security and accounts for 57% of the county’s employment.

  • Murang’a County’s main farming systems are cash crop farming, mixed subsistence farming, livestock keeping, and fish farming. These systems range from large- to small-scale.

  • Under the National Agricultural and Rural Inclusive Growth Project, four value chain commodities -local chicken, dairy cattle, avocado, and banana- have been prioritized in Murang’a County, based on their economic value and resilience, the number of people engaged in the value chain, and their contribution to food security and income.

  • These four value chains’ potential depends on the agro ecological zones in which they are farmed. Dairy cattle is mainly practiced in the upper highland and midland agro ecological zones due to favorable climatic conditions while local chicken, avocado and banana are mainly farmed in the upper and lower midland agro ecological zones.

  • An estimated 23% of the county’s total population is considered food poor, while 19% of the county’s population of children under 5 exhibits stunted growth, and 1% of the county’s population of children under 5 is wasted (KDHS, 2014).

  • Murang’a County faces challenges that limit its agricultural productivity. These challenges include high prices, pests and diseases, post-production losses, poor road networks, and the decreasing availability of land.

  • Historically, the lower midland agro ecological zone of the county experience more dry spells, moisture stress than the upper highland and midland agro ecological zones. Conversely, the latter zones experience more flood risk and erosion risk than the lower midland agro ecological zones.

  • Murang’a County’s on-farm climate change adaptation strategies include water harvesting, conservation agriculture, the use of drought-tolerant and early-maturing breeds, timely planting and breeding, conserving fodder, the use of certified agricultural inputs, diversifying value chains, and the use of sustainable land management practices such as grass strips, fanya juu, retention ditches, and trash lines.

  • Murang’a County’s off-farm climate change adaptation strategies include the use of early warning systems, weather advisories, extension, training, and credit facilities, proper post-production handling, the use of storage facilities, indigenous knowledge, and gathering market information.

  • The county has adopted several national policies geared toward adapting to climate change and its associated risks. These policies provide information to farmers, enabling them to plan, make viable economic decisions, and adapt to anticipated climatic risks.

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Bangladesh: Impact Story: Young women lead peacebuilding efforts in the Rohingya community in Cox’s Bazar

Wed, 22 Sep 2021 00:44:43 +0000

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Countries: Bangladesh, Myanmar
Source: UN Women

Please refer to the attached file.


UN Women’s work in Cox’s Bazar aims at ensuring that humanitarian efforts contribute to transforming socio-cultural gender norms and relations through the leadership and empowerment of women and girls and the promotion of positive forms of masculinities. The main goal of the 2020-2022 project “Reducing Social Tension through Women’s Leadership and the Socio-Economic Empowerment of Women in Cox’s Bazar” is to strengthen women’s capacities in gender-based violence prevention efforts while fostering the development of community-based, inclusive and long-lasting peace by reducing tensions between the Rohingya refugees and host communities in Cox’s Bazar.

The programme is implemented by the local legal aid and human rights organization Ain O Salish Kendra with funding from the Governments of Sweden and Canada and initial funds from the Government of Japan. The programme supports the local NGO Jago Nari Unnayan Sangsta, which leads the Young Women Leaders Network and is part of the Global Network of Peacebuilders.


Bangladesh is currently facing one of its worst humanitarian crises due to the large-scale influx of Rohingya refugees from Myanmar. The number of refugees now exceeds 900,000 with 52% of them being women and girls.

Due to limited viable livelihood opportunities for refugees, women, girls and children are at heightened risk of becoming victims of human trafficking, sexual abuse and exploitation and child, early and forced marriage. Domestic violence is prevalent in the camps.

Despite these violations, Rohingya women and girls are playing a key role in increasing the resilience of their families and communities by being at the forefront of relief and recovery efforts as volunteers and elected and self-mobilised community leaders.

The Government of Bangladesh has been a staunch supporter of the Women, Peace and Security Agenda since 2000, when its Presidency of the UN Security Council played a key role leading to the adoption of the landmark UN Security Council Resolution 1325.

In 2019, with the support of UN Women, Bangladesh launched its first National Action Plan on UN Security Council Resolution 1325. This is a blueprint for the country’s efforts to ensure women’s meaningful participation in the prevention of conflict and violent extremism, and the protection and advancement of women’s rights to promote resilience during crises.

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Impact Story: Palestinian refugee women in Lebanon take prominent roles in resolving conflict

Wed, 22 Sep 2021 00:41:12 +0000

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Countries: Lebanon, occupied Palestinian territory
Source: UN Women

Please refer to the attached file.


The UN Women project “Fostering Stabilization and Social Cohesion in Lebanon through Women’s Engagement in Conflict Prevention and Management” (2019-2020) was implemented in partnership with the University of Saint Joseph’s Centre for Professional Mediation with funding from the Rebecca Dykes Foundation and the Government of Finland. The UN Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) provided outreach support within Palestinian refugee communities.

Plans for scaling this project and establishing eight more mediation networks are underway with support from the Government of Finland.


Lebanon hosts more than 400,000 Palestinian refugees who live in 12 self-governed camps around the country. Camp residents face poverty, overcrowding, high rates of unemployment, substandard housing and poor infrastructure. Armed violence between different Palestinian political factions is common, leaving women and children to bear the brunt of clashes.

UN Women supported the formation of networks in Lebanon, including in the Ein El Helweh refugee camp, and led discussions on women, peace and security for participants with the aim of making linkages between their work and the localization of the Women, Peace and Security Agenda in Lebanon. The networks offer a safe space for women to discuss issues related to women’s leadership, acceptance in public life and participation in decision-making processes.

UN Women supported the Government of Lebanon in the development and passage, in 2019, of Lebanon’s National Action Plan on UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (NAP 1325) and worked with the National Commission for Lebanese Women to establish implementation and reporting mechanisms. UN Women continues to support the localization of NAP 1325 by working on community mediation, conflict prevention, memorialization and reconciliation.

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Impact Story: Ensuring women’s participation in electoral processes in the Central African Republic

Wed, 22 Sep 2021 00:37:53 +0000

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Country: Central African Republic
Source: UN Women

Please refer to the attached file.


UN Women’s work in support of the Central African Republic’s 2020-2021 legislative elections was implemented in partnership with UNDP, MINUSCA and the European Union and is part of UN Women’s flagship programme on Women’s Leadership and Political Participation.

Results of coordinated work meant that 40% of electoral trainers were women, 880 community volunteers performed outreach to ensure women’s participation in the electoral process, and 135 political coaches were trained to provide one-on-one coaching to over 540 potential women candidates.

The 1325 hotline was established with United Nations Police, and the Forum for Women Parliamentarians was established in 2017 by UN Women and UNDP. For the 2020-2021 elections, UN Women received financial support from: UN Peacebuilding Fund, Canada, Women in Politics Fund financed by Sweden, Ezingo Fund (a multi-partner trust fund) and UNDP under the basket fund project “Women and Elections: My Vote, My Right” to which the United Kingdom,
Germany, France, the European Union, Japan and Italy have contributed.


Decades of civil wars, political tensions, failure in the implementation of political and peace agreements, among other root causes, have led the Central African Republic to grapple with political instability, violence, and inadequate socio-economic and infrastructural conditions for reconstruction. This context has exacerbated discrimination against women and girls through heightened sexual and gender-based violence, limited economic opportunities and marginalization in decision-making processes.

UN Women’s Women, Peace and Security Agenda aims to address the specific challenges faced by women and girls in times of conflict and to support their meaningful participation in decision-making in all sectors.

Since 2019, UN Women and other partners have been supporting the Central African Republic Government in implementing its second National Action Plan on UN Security Council Resolution 1325, aimed at strengthening the legal framework, coordination of work and accountability in the implementation of the resolution.

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31 organizations urge action to end violence and famine in Tigray, Ethiopia

Wed, 22 Sep 2021 00:32:25 +0000

Country: Ethiopia
Sources: Refugees International, Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect

This letter is addressed to UN Secretary-general António Guterres and the Permanent Representatives of UN Security Council member states

Your Excellencies,

We, the undersigned organizations, write to urge you to demand publicly that the parties to the conflict in northern Ethiopia end ongoing violence and dismantle the blockade preventing relief assistance from reaching millions of people on the brink of starvation. We ask you to use your to respective platforms to focus on the crisis in Tigray at the United Nations Security Council, at the African Union, and at the upcoming session of the UN General Assembly, and to actively engage the parties to the conflict to prevent growing famine and suffering on a scale not seen in Ethiopia since the great famine of 1983-1985.

Since fighting erupted in November 2020, civilians have been trapped between the parties to the conflict, largely cut off from assistance and communications, and displaced to other parts of Tigray, other regions of Ethiopia, and into neighboring countries. The fighting has been marked by widespread human rights abuses including sexual violence, starvation as a weapon of war, and ill-treatment of the displaced. Investigations initiated into these violations of international human rights, humanitarian, and refugee law must be independent and credible and those responsible held to account. The UN Security Council, UN General Assembly, and African Union must put this growing threat to international peace and security at the top of agendas.

Our concerns about the worsening crisis in northern Ethiopia include:


As the conflict expands and affects civilians in other areas of the country, ethnic demonization and hateful rhetoric reminiscent of crises in Rwanda, Burundi, and Darfur threaten to tear at the country’s fragile social fabric. For more than nine months the world has watched in horror as parties to the conflict commit unspeakable crimes, with millions of civilians facing grave human rights violations, forced displacement and loss of livelihoods, arbitrary arrest and detention, and widespread destruction of civilian infrastructure. This compelled the U.S. Government to launch an investigation into whether war crimes, crimes against humanity, and even genocide have occurred. As you know, this investigation is taking place in parallel with the ongoing joint UN Human Rights – Ethiopian Human Rights Commission investigation.


The blockade put in place by the government of Ethiopia on June 28 has caused the number suffering from extreme hunger to increase dramatically. Ethiopian troops withdrew from the region and banking facilities were closed, preventing access to money to purchase food. Communications were cut, denying people trapped inside Tigray the chance to report on their well-being to family members outside the region. And trade was denied, collapsing local markets for fuel or electricity. Primary and secondary road routes were blocked, forcing the aid operation on to a tertiary route via Afar. Between July 1 and August 31, fewer than 400 trucks of relief supplies were permitted entry to Tigray along a circuitous rural road, despite the UN declaring more than ­­­­­­6,100 trucks (or, 6 percent) were required to stem the tide of famine.


On August 9, the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET), published its food security outlook for Tigray revealing that 5.2 million men, women, and children now face extreme food insecurity. That number includes people who are now experiencing starvation which results in severe malnutrition, starvation, disease, and high death rates. Violence that has spread into neighboring Afar and Amhara region has displaced some 400,000 people and potentially threatens lives and livelihoods of millions more.

Famine has already set in for hundreds of thousands in Tigray. But this does not need to be the fate of millions more at risk. The parties to this conflict can cease hostilities and save the lives of their own people. The blockade *can *be lifted for relief workers to reach those in need before a repeat of the tragedy of 1983-85 famine, which took the lives of as many as 2 million Ethiopians. The UN Security Council and African Union can put the crisis on their formal program of work and demand action to prevent further needless suffering and loss of life.


We call upon members of the UN Security Council and the UN Secretary-General to take concrete action to address the crisis in Tigray and to put its resolution at the top of the agenda during the UN General Assembly. In particular, here are four actions you can take to help the people of northern Ethiopia:

  1. Call for a humanitarian cease-fire that includes a withdrawal of all forces from Tigray and surrounding regions;
  2. Demand that the government of Ethiopia remove the humanitarian blockade and bureaucratic obstructions to the aid effort;
  3. Press for the deployment of international monitors and independent investigations into allegations into war crimes and other abuses of international human rights and humanitarian law, and;
  4. Encourage a national dialogue that includes opposition groups such as the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front.

UN leadership matters. We call on you to press for global action to curb this threat to international peace and security and prevent foreseeable mass suffering and the worst of outcomes for Ethiopia and its people.


  1. Access Books
  2. Alliance for Peacebuilding
  3. Association of Concerned Africa Scholars (ACAS-USA)
  4. Average Frog
  5. Bread for the World
  6. Civil Society Action Committee
  7. Disciples Refugee & Immigration Ministries
  8. Educators’ Institute for Human Rights (EIHR)
  9. Ethiopian Community Development Council
  10. Faiths for Safe Water
  11. Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
  12. Global Ministries of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) and the United Church of Christ
  13. HIAS
  14. Jacob Blaustein Institute for the Advancement of Human Rights
  15. Jewish World Watch
  16. Karuna Center for Peacebuilding
  17. Maryknoll Office for Global Concerns
  18. Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies
  19. NAVA / Niue Australian Vagahau Association
  20. NGO Committee on Migration
  21. PacificwinPacific
  22. Partners Global
  23. PAWA / Pacific Australian Womens Association
  24. R-SEAT
  25. Refugees International
  26. San Felipe Humanitarian Alliance
  27. Scalabrini International Migration Network (SIMN)
  28. The Center for Victims of Torture
  29. The Sentry
  30. The United Methodist Church – General Board of Church and Society
  31. U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants (USCRI)

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Philippines: DSWD DROMIC Terminal Report on the Flooding Incident in Negros Occidental, 21 September 2021, 6PM

Wed, 22 Sep 2021 00:26:19 +0000

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Country: Philippines
Source: Government of the Philippines

Please refer to the attached file.

I. Situation Overview

This is the final report on the flooding incident due to continuous heavy rainfall experienced over the province of Negros Occidental on 05 June 2021 resulting to the displacement of the families and individuals in the area.

Source: DSWD-Field Office (FO) VI

II. Status of Affected Areas and Population

A total of 500 families or 1,932 persons were affected by the flooding incident in 14 barangays in Negros Occidental (see Table 1)

III. Status of Displaced Population

a. Inside Evacuation Centers

A total of 296 families or 1,234 persons sought temporary shelter in eleven (11) evacuation centers in Davao Region (see Table 2). All of these families have returned home.

b. Outside Evacuation Centers

A total of 189 families or 660 persons have temporarily stayed with their relatives and/or friends (see Table 3).

c. Total Displaced Population

A total of 485 families or 1,894 persons were displaced in Negros Occidental (see Table 4).

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