ReliefWeb - Updates

ReliefWeb - Updates

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ReliefWeb - Updates

Sudan: Sudan: East Darfur Population Dashboard - Refugees from South Sudan (as of 30 September 2019)

Mon, 14 Oct 2019 04:25:46 +0000

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Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: South Sudan, Sudan

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Syrian Arab Republic: Hundreds of thousands in harm’s way in northern Syria

Mon, 14 Oct 2019 04:02:57 +0000

Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Syrian Arab Republic

The escalation of conflict in northern Syria risks causing more human suffering and adding new displacement to what is already the largest displacement crisis in the world.

Tens of thousands of civilians are on the move to escape the fighting and seek safety. UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is calling on parties to adhere to International Humanitarian Law, including providing access for aid agencies.

“Hundreds of thousands of civilians in northern Syria are now in harm’s way. Civilians and civilian infrastructure must not be a target,” said the UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi.

The situation of those caught in the fighting is worsened by lower temperatures across the region as colder weather is setting in. UNHCR stresses the urgency of having unfettered humanitarian access in order to be able to reach those newly displaced and assist them wherever this is required. Humanitarian organisations must be able to continue to carry out their critical work in Syria.

UNHCR also reiterates its position that any return of refugees to Syria has to be voluntary, dignified and at a time when it is safe to return. It is up to refugees to decide if and when they wish to return.

After eight years of conflict, Syria remains the largest refugee crisis in the world, with 5.6 million Syrians living as refugees in the region. Turkey is hosting more than 3.6 million, which makes it the top refugee hosting country in the world. Over 6.2 million more are displaced inside Syria according to UN estimates.

UNHCR has been supporting Syrian refugees, internally displaced people and host countries since the beginning of the crisis in 2011, and will continue to provide life-saving protection and assistance to those in need, mostly women and children.

We cannot do this alone. Please help today.

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Bangladesh: IOM Bangladesh Rohingya Crisis Response - Monthly Situation Report (September 2019)

Mon, 14 Oct 2019 03:49:49 +0000

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Source: International Organization for Migration
Country: Bangladesh, Myanmar

Innovative Solutions for Building a More Fun and Greener Future

Cox's Bazar-The onset in 2017 of a refugee emergency from neighbouring Myanmar carried with it potential environmental chaos in Bangladesh - not just from the families who would be stripping firewood from virgin forest, but also from the rapid accumulation of mountains of plastic waste.

Today with nearly a million refugees housed near the Myanmar border, the International OrganiZation for Migration (IOM) is helping Bangladesh face both challenges. A new recycling plant turns discarded plastic bags, beverage bottles and other packaging into colorful building blocks for children.

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Vanuatu: Vanuatu Volcano Alert Bulletin n°8 - Vanua Lava Activity (26 September 2019)

Mon, 14 Oct 2019 03:22:26 +0000

Source: Government of Vanuatu
Country: Vanuatu

13°80’S 167°47’E Summit 3021ft (921m)Current Vanuatu Volcano Alert Level: Level 1

Vanua Lava volcano is continuing in the unrest state. The Volcanic Alert Level remains at Level 1.

The volcanic unrest continues at Vanua Lava. The volcanic activity is likely to continue at similar levels, consistent with the Volcanic Alert Level 1. The Danger Zone for life safety is limited around the volcanic area and the Sulfur river.

Current observations confirm ongoing presence of volcanic gases near the volcano and around the sulfur river. Gas will be continue to be smelt while approaching the volcanic area.

Alert Level for Vanua Lava volcano has been at the Level 1 since 27th May 2016. Current observations are consistent with the Alert Level 1 activity. Level 1 indicates ‘Signs of unrest; Danger Zone is near the volcanic area and the sulfur river’ .

Vanua Lava volcano is one of the active volcano in Vanuatu and in contrast to other large volcanoes in the country, it does not contain a youthful summit caldera. A chain of small stratovolcanoes, oriented along a NNE-SSW line, gives the low-angle volcano an irregular profile. Historically, this volcano had low infrequent activity except in XIX century with 3 moderate manifestations and in XX century with 2.

All tourism agencies, visitors, local authorities, and people from Vanua Lava Island and general public are reminded that due to the current volcanic activity, the danger zone remains at around the sulfur river and volcano area. In these areas, volcanic gases will always be expected.

The Vanuatu Meteorology and Geohazards Department will closely monitor this volcano activity. More information will be provided accordingly when necessary.

For further information, please contact Geohazards Division at the Vanuatu Meteorology and Geohazards Department at or 24686.

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Pakistan: High alert against dengue outbreak

Mon, 14 Oct 2019 03:01:08 +0000

Source: DAWN Group of Newspapers
Country: Pakistan

KARACHI: Commi­ssioner of Karachi, Iftikhar Shallwani has issued a high alert to the district administrations and municipalities to help combat dengue outbreak in the metropolis.

Chairing a meeting in his office, he said equal attention was needed to be paid to control the menace of stray dogs with a pragmatic approach to protect citizens against rabies.

He added that the Karachi administration, municipal authorities, health department as well as administration of hospitals (particularly the major facilities) functional in private and public sector had to join hands to protect people against largely avoidable health conditions.

The meeting participants decided that all deputy commissioners would form teams with a focus on preventive measures against dengue.

The deputy commissioners were assigned to develop teams who may not only pursue builders, tire shop owners and others to ensure water may not remain stagnant at their places of work or surroundings but regular and quality fumigation was also ensured.

Mass awareness campaign was agreed to be undertaken by the health department of the provincial government as well as by the KMC and other local body organisations.

Published in Dawn, October 13th, 2019

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Sri Lanka: Drought Situation Report - Sri Lanka 13th October 2019 at 1800hrs

Mon, 14 Oct 2019 02:41:05 +0000

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Source: Disaster Management Centre of Sri Lanka
Country: Sri Lanka

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Sri Lanka: Situation Report - Sri Lanka 13th October 2019 at 1800hrs

Mon, 14 Oct 2019 02:39:24 +0000

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Source: Disaster Management Centre of Sri Lanka
Country: Sri Lanka

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Greece: Lone children face insecurity on Greek island

Sun, 13 Oct 2019 23:30:41 +0000

Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Afghanistan, Greece, World

Children seeking asylum who have been separated from their parents say they face poor conditions and threats of violence at a reception centre on the Greek island of Lesvos.

By Boris Cheshirkov on Lesvos, Greece | 14 October 2019

Zemar* was only 15 when he arrived from Afghanistan at the Moria reception centre on the Greek island of Lesvos last month. He had survived a string of traumatic experiences and just been separated from his parents and needed calm. He did not get it.

On his first night, thieves stole his bag. The loss compounded his sense of loneliness.

“They took everything,” he said. “I had no one to talk to.”

A few nights later, three men attacked him. He woke up, fought them off and escaped to a police patrol at Moria’s main gate. He said he spent the night on the sidewalk, safe but unable to explain to the officers what had happened because there was no interpreter.

Conditions have become grim at the Moria reception centre for asylum seekers, which now hosts 12,800 people – five times the capacity it was designed for – in containers and tents inside the centre and at an adjacent olive grove. Nearly 1,000 children, most of them teens, live in Moria without parents or relatives. Half are housed in four protected sections marked A through D and a Safe Zone, but the rest sleep in a tent-like warehouse, known as a Rubb Hall, where adult asylum seekers also stay.

European States must step up their efforts to protect child refugees and migrants who have endured not only dangerous journeys but face risks and hardship once in Europe, including unsafe accommodation, being incorrectly registered as adults, and a lack of appropriate care, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, said in a report on Monday.

Across Greece’s Aegean islands, over 1,600 unaccompanied children are staying in government-run reception facilities such as Moria.

At the Vathy centre on Samos island more than a dozen unaccompanied girls take turns to sleep in a small container, while other children sleep on container roofs. Unaccompanied children can live in unsafe conditions for months while waiting for an authorized transfer to shelters and it affects them mentally and physically.

“Mother? Father? Where are you?”

“We all feel useless … I have so much stress. I am losing my memory. Every time I sleep I have nightmares. All I want is to see my family again,” says Zemar.

The number of children asylum-seekers without their parents in Greece has increased to over 4,600, the highest since 2016. Only one in four stay in shelters appropriate for their age and more than 1,000 have become homeless or stay in informal housing, such as squats.

UNHCR has stepped up its call for Greece to protect the unaccompanied children. The organization has appealed to European States to make it a priority to open places for their relocation and speed transfers for children eligible to join family members.

“The situation in Moria has become critical and the risks for unaccompanied children are very high,” says Philippe Leclerc, UNHCR Representative in Greece. “The Greek government with crucial support from European countries must take urgent measures to ensure that these children are protected.”

Zemar fled Afghanistan with his family after the Taliban killed his older brother for collaborating with Afghan authorities. He was separated from his parents on a Turkish beach when smugglers made them and a group of 50 others to board a dinghy bound for Lesvos in the middle of the night. Some were unable to climb in quickly enough and were left behind.

“Mother? Father? Where are you?” Zemar said he yelled in the darkness, but there was no response.

The morning after Zemar was attacked in his sleep authorities, with help from UNHCR partner METAdrasi, found a place for him in one of the secured sections for unaccompanied children at Section A, where 150 boys from Afghanistan and Syria are staying.

“Section A is better, but the boys get angry,” says Zemar. “Sometimes they fight. If they see me they harass me. The other night there was a knife fight and one boy was hurt,” he said.

The tension is common. In August, an Afghan boy stabbed and killed another during a fight in the Safe Zone.

Zemar hopes to make contact with his parents soon. Qasim*, by contrast, lost contact with his parents after he fled from Islamic State when they took over his hometown of Deir ez-Zor in Syria.

Qasim, who was also moved by authorities to Section A, is 14 and exhausted from his ordeal and his stay in Moria.

“All I want is to rest, to be safe, and to go to school,” says Qasim who has already filed an application to re-join his brother who lives in Germany. He has lost years of schooling and desperately wants to be back in a classroom with his peers. “In Syria, I only went to school for three years. It was a good school but they bombed it and we couldn’t go to school anymore,” he said.

Despite their troubles, Qasim and Zemar said they felt fortunate to stay in one of the centre’s relatively protected areas for unaccompanied children rather than in the Rubb Hall or on the street.

“European countries have super powers. They should do something about Moria,” Zemar said.

*Names have been changed for protection reasons.

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Ethiopia: Hunger levels soar in Horn of Africa as region faces driest summer in over 35 years

Sun, 13 Oct 2019 23:01:00 +0000

Source: Save the Children
Country: Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia

Save the Children warned of a major emergency in the Horn of Africa, as nearly 13 million people face critical levels of hunger following a succession of failed rains. Half of the affected people, an estimated 6.5 million, are children. The region is now experiencing the lowest cumulative rainfall totals since 1981[1].

Despite efforts by aid agencies and the governments of Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya, the hunger situation in the Horn of Africa is rapidly deteriorating, with fears families might soon face an even worse situation than the food crisis of 2017. Although the number of food insecure people across the Horn of Africa is currently lower than at the height of the 2016 -17 drought, the situation looks set to deteriorate with drought anticipated in the coming months[2]. Somalia has already seen an increase of 36% of food insecure people compared to late 2018[3].

Save the Children's teams on the ground are seeing communities struggling to regenerate pastures, replenish water supplies and restore livestock herds, fuelling displacement and forcing families to seek out new livelihoods.

Between January and May 2019 alone, an estimated 59,000 people were displaced in Somalia as a result of drought[4]. In June 2019, across the Horn of Africa the total number was an estimated 1.8 million people that fled drought[5]. These families are among the 11.6 million people that had to leave their homes in the East and Horn of Africa as the result of drought, floods, and conflict[6].

Children are suffering disproportionally, with the agency gravely concerned of the risk of spiking malnutrition. Malnutrition as a result of food insecurity is one of the biggest risks for children under five, with severely wasted children 11 times more likely to die than those with a healthy weight. Undernourished children also catch infections more easily and have a harder time recovering because or weakened immune systems[7].

  • In Kenya, an estimated 2.6 million people face acute food insecurity and are in need of humanitarian assistance. Another 6.8 million are one step away from reaching crisis levels of food insecurity. Across the country, over 600,000 children already require treatment for malnutrition[8].

  • In Somalia, 2.1 million people face critical food shortages and require humanitarian support to meet their basic food needs, and an additional 4.2 million people are on the verge of critical shortages. More than one million children under the age of five are at risk of acute malnutrition. The current food crisis in has led to acute levels in most parts of the country. At least 178,400 children are facing severe malnourishment[9].

  • In Ethiopia, 8.1 million people are in need of food assistance and there are growing fears that these numbers will continue to grow with the upcoming post-rains assessment due to take place in December[10]. Save the Children, through its household economic analysis project, has been closely working with the Government of Ethiopia to assess the level of needs at the household level and will continue to do so.

Save the Children's Regional Director in East and Southern Africa, Ian Vale, said the international community must step up now to avert mass displacement and loss of life.

"Over the past year we have repeatedly called for a dramatic increase in funding, and to date this has largely fallen on deaf ears. As a result, children are facing hunger now. Across the Horn of Africa, Save the Children needs an additional 100 million dollars to meet people's daily nutritional requirements, lifesaving health provision as well as bolster systems to support them to adapt to their climate-affected world.

"The current funding gap and the failure of the international community to step up have created the conditions for this region-wide emergency. While national governments are working hard to respond to the needs, we fear the situation will only get worse in coming months, with the upcoming El Nino weather event likely resulting in another massive spike in the number of malnourished children.

"The impact of climate change on the lives of Ethiopians, Kenyans and Somalis is becoming more intense every year. We cannot expect children and their families in this poverty-stricken region to bear the impact of the climate crisis. This is a global issue, and we have a global responsibility to support the most vulnerable."

Across the Horn of Africa, Save the Children is implementing resilience programs to address the longer-term impacts of climate change. In Somalia, Save the Children is supporting the establishment and training of community-based disaster management committees who can develop their own plans and strategies to adapt to disasters according to their local needs and contexts.

In Ethiopia, Save the Children supports unemployed young 'pastoralist drop-outs' who were forced by the circumstances to give up the cattle farmer trade. Save the Children works to get them a training that suits their interests and skills, and that will give them sustainable incomes in the future. In Kenya, we are supporting women-led loans and savings groups, so families can start small scale businesses, run sustainable kitchen gardens, and raise livestock appropriate for drought-conditions.


[1] [2] United Nations [June 2019] Horn of Africa: A joint call for action before a major regional humanitarian crisis

[3] SOMALIA Humanitarian Dashboard - August 2019 [As of 1 October 2019]

[4] Between January and May, UNHCR estimated about 162,000 displacements in Somalia caused by insecurity (56%), drought (37%) and floods (3%).

[5] [Including Uganda] UNOCHA Horn of Africa Drought Snapshot [June 2019]

[6] As of June 2019, the East and Horn of Africa region recorded 8.1 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) and 3.5 million refugees and asylum-seekers. IOM Mid-Year Mobility Snapshot January to June 2019

[7] WHO Malnutrition in Emergencies 2017


[9] Post Gu FSNAU FEWS-NET Technical Release [1 September 2019];

[10] 2019 Ethiopia Humanitarian Needs Overview, OCHA Situation Report for Ethiopia June 2019

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Greece: Desperate Journeys: Refugee and Migrant Children arriving in Europe and how to Strengthen their Protection, January to September 2019

Sun, 13 Oct 2019 22:55:46 +0000

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Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Libya, Malta, Spain, Syrian Arab Republic, World

European States urged to do more to protect and support child refugees and migrants

European States must step up their efforts to protect child refugees and migrants who have endured not only difficult and dangerous journeys but continue to face risks and hardship once in Europe, including unsafe accommodation, being incorrectly registered as adults, and a lack of appropriate care, UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, has urged.

UNHCR’s latest Desperate Journeys report, published today, notes that from January to September 2019, some 80,800 people arrived in Europe via Mediterranean routes – down from 102,700 in the same period of 2018. Of those who arrived, more than a quarter were children, many travelling without their parents.

“These children may have fled conflict, lost family members, been away from home for months, even years, with some enduring horrific abuses during their journeys, but their suffering doesn’t stop at the border,” said Pascale Moreau, Director of UNHCR’s Europe Bureau. “Across Europe, unaccompanied children in particular are frequently housed in large centres with minimal oversight, exposing them to further abuse, violence and psychological distress and increasing the risk that they will move on or disappear.”

Greece has received the majority of arrivals across the Mediterranean region this year – more than Spain, Italy, Malta, and Cyprus combined. So far, more than 12,900 children have arrived in Greece by sea, including almost 2,100 unaccompanied or separated children, many of them from Afghanistan, Syria and other countries characterized by conflict and violence. Conditions in overcrowded and unsanitary reception centres on the Greek Aegean islands are hugely concerning.

The Greek authorities have announced measures to alleviate overcrowding and there are positive examples of best practice models being implemented, including community-based foster care. However, as of the end of September, most unaccompanied children in Greece were still in unsuitable accommodation. Given the extremely risky conditions they face, UNHCR appeals to European States to open up places for their relocation as a gesture of solidarity and speed up transfers for children eligible to join family members.

While there have been many positive steps across Europe towards improving protection, the report notes that more needs to be done to address some of the challenges children continue to face. Among its recommendations, the report calls on European States to urgently end the use of immigration detention for children, appoint trained guardians or social workers and ensure that refugee and migrant children can receive an education. Across Europe, children may also struggle to be recognised as a child and the report calls for holistic and multi-disciplinary methods to be used when assessing a child’s age.

By taking the steps outlined in this report, States will be able to increase the protection given to children on the move and be better equipped to determine how their best interests can be met, which may include solutions outside Europe.

Link to the report

For more information, please contact:

In Geneva, Liz Throssell,, + 41 79 33 77 591
In Athens, Boris Cheshirkov,, +30 6951 854 661
In Berlin, Martin Rentsch,, +49 151 706 660 15
In Brussels, Maeve Patterson, +32 2 627 5980
In Budapest, Zoran Stevanovic,, +36 305 309 633
In Dublin, Jody Clarke,, +353 87 989 3461
In London, Matthew Saltmarsh,, +44(0)7880 230 985
In Madrid, Maria Jesus Vega,, +34 670 661 263
In Paris, Céline Schmitt,, +33 6 23 16 11 78
In Rome, Carlotta Sami,, +39 335 679 47 46
In Sarajevo, Neven Crvenkovic,, +387 33 290 470
In Stockholm, Caroline Bach,, + 46 708 66 0451

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Syrian Arab Republic: Syria ǀ Flash Update #4, Humanitarian impact of the military operation in north-eastern Syria, 13 October 2019

Sun, 13 Oct 2019 22:46:16 +0000

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Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Syrian Arab Republic


  • As of late 13 October, ongoing airstrikes and ground attacks were reported in multiple locations as the military operation towards Tell Abiad and in Ras Al Ain cities continued. Conflicting reports emerged regarding control of Ras al-Ain city.

  • Grave concerns remain for the population in the Ein Issa camp which hosts approximately 13,000 civilians due to ongoing hostilities and shelling in the vicinity of the camp as Turkish Armed Forces advances. Reports indicate that a number of IDPs have fled the camp, however most residents remain. The United Nations is calling for immediate protection of the camp, alongside guarantees of safe and unhindered passage for the IDPs to leave for Ar-Raqqa city or other areas of choice. The hospital in Ein Issa town closed as of late evening of 12 October.

  • Further to previous reports on the evacuation of the Mabruka camp, some 19 families remain. During the morning of 13 October, a truck rented by IDPs to leave Mabruka hit a landmine before reaching the camp, wounding the driver. As a result, the trucks were unable to reach the camp to transfer people out. The United Nations is calling for immediate protection of the camp and guarantees of safe passage.

  • Further to previous reports on the critical water situation due to damage to the power line of the Allouk water station, an agreement with all parties was reached for a repair mission to take place. Interim solutions to the water supply were also being explored.

  • On 12 October, the Tishreen-Mabruka power line was hit by shelling. Information on the potential impact on civilians is being ascertained. The Euphrates-Mabruka power line is now providing electricity to the entire AlHasakeh province.

  • Significant further displacements continue being reported. An estimated 150,000-160,000 population movements have to date been recorded. Reports of further movements continue.

  • Humanitarian partners continue mobilizing response efforts at the estimated 33 collective shelters in Ar-Raqqa city (1 shelter), Al-Hasakeh city (14 shelters), and Al Tamr (18 shelters).

  • Reports indicated that the M4 road – a critical and strategic highway linking Menbij, Tal Tamer and Al-Hasakeh – is cut off at different locations. This could affect the supply line of humanitarian goods to the area.

  • The United Nations and its humanitarian partners are increasingly concerned about the security of their staff present on the ground as explosions and shelling in Quamishli continue. INGOs have been forced to evacuate staff from the area and relocate some of their operations to safer areas in Al-Hasakeh away from the border and closer to areas hosting IDP arrivals.

Situation overview

As of 13 October, airstrikes, heavy artillery shelling and ground incursions reportedly took place in multiple locations. By 12 October, Turkish forces reportedly took control of the surrounding suburbs/outskirts of both Tell Abiad and Ras Al Ain cities, with a significant number of villages under Turkish control in rural Tell Abiad and north rural Ar-Raqqa. In the early hours of 12 October, an offensive was reportedly launched in the Mabruka area, 30 kilometers west of Ras al-Ain. Armed clashes between the Syrian National Army and YPG forces occurred at Aywah and Al-Fawar villages on the M4 road, 55 kilometers east of Ein Essa town, north rural Ar-Raqqa. Parts of the M4 road were cut off in different locations. The SDF imposed a curfew in Al Tabqa city, Mansoura and Al Jurniyah towns in western rural Ar-Raqqa city. In the morning of 13 October, Suluk and Ein Issa towns were taken over by Turkish forces and allies and by the afternoon they had reportedly taken control of the whole of Tell Abiad city.

Shelling in Quamishli city continued over the last three days with numerous explosions leading to civilian casualties and injuries. A number of shells reportedly landed close to a United Nations guesthouse and some 700 meters away from the United Nations hub.

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Mali: Central and Northern Mali Emergency Response Situation Report | September, 2019

Sun, 13 Oct 2019 22:15:32 +0000

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Source: World Vision
Country: Mali

Mali Response To Remain Category III National Office Response

A World Vision Declaration Decision Group (DDG), that discusses the magnitude of each humanitarian emergency, making decisions on categorization, has reviewed the Cen- tral and Northern Mali Emergency Response (CNMER). Its resolution, the Central and Northern Mali Emergency Response remains a Category Three National Office Response.This is because of the magnitude of the crisis that has over 3.9 million people affected by the emergency. 1.6 million of this being children.

This re-declaration is key because it defines the response to the crisis that began in 2012 in the northern regions of the country. However, it has increasingly shifted towards the central regions, notably Mopti and Segou, where World Vision has projects. Mali has experienced frequency of terrorist threats and attacks, that have exacerbated inter- community conflict. The current number of incidents in Mopti region is higher than that of northern Mali. Since January 2018, there have been hundreds of incidents that include intercommunity conflict and use of Improvised Ex- plosive Devices (IEDs) by armed groups.

This crisis has also had a negative impact on the 2018- 2019 agricultural season, as farmers are fearful of accessing their farms. This has exacerbated internal displacement of populations, who have now moved towards more secure areas. To put an end to this crisis, the Government started a reconciliation process with different stakeholders.

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Bahamas: Hurricane Dorian: The Bahamas Weekly Stats (11 October 2019)

Sun, 13 Oct 2019 21:28:03 +0000

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Source: Government of the Bahamas
Country: Bahamas

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Yemen: ERC continues aid efforts in Aden, Yemen

Sun, 13 Oct 2019 21:20:57 +0000

Source: Emirates News Agency
Country: United Arab Emirates, Yemen

ADEN, 13th October, 2019 (WAM) -- The UAE has launched a relief campaign for internally displaced people camps in Aden governorate as part of its emergency response campaign in the liberated Yemeni governorates.

Around 1,400 displaced people across 14 different districts in Aden received the food aid, as part of the Emirates Red Crescent, ERC, efforts to improve living conditions in Yemen.

During the last week, the ERC dispatched food aid convoys to some 3,000 families in the Hodeidah governorate.

The beneficiaries thanked the UAE and the ERC for this humanitarian gesture and for easing their suffering.

WAM/Rola Alghoul/Esraa Ismail

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Marshall Islands: Marshallese perspectives on migration in the context of climate change

Sun, 13 Oct 2019 20:58:47 +0000

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Source: International Organization for Migration
Country: Marshall Islands, United States of America


Marshall Islands is a nation of widely dispersed, low-lying coral atolls and islands, with approximately 70 mi2 of land area scattered across 750,000 mi2 of ocean (Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, 2015). Average elevation for the Marshall Islands is approximately 2 m. above mean sea level, and many islands and atolls are lower (Owen et al., 2016). As climate change causes sea levels to rise and weather patterns to shift, the Marshall Islands face flooding, heat stress and drought that damages agriculture, livelihoods, homes and infrastructure (Keener et al., 2012; Marra et al., 2017).

When the frequency and intensity of climate-related hazards increases, residents may have to make the difficult choice of whether to leave their home islands in the hope of a more stable future. Marshallese migrants move within the country to larger islands or to the United States of America where the Compact of Free Association allows them to live and work under a special status (Graham, 2008; McElfish, 2016). However, push and pull factors triggering human migration are complex and often intertwined, making it difficult to pinpoint and address specific causes (The Government Office for Science, 2011).

The Marshall Islands Climate and Migration Project studies the multicausal nature of Marshallese migration, as well as its effects on migrants themselves and on home communities (van der Geest et al., 2019). It does so through people-centred research, seeking the views of Marshallese migrants and their relatives in the Marshall Islands. The research has a special focus on how impacts of climate change affect ecosystem services, livelihoods and migration decisions. This focus is shown in Figure 1.

This policy brief highlights key findings of the migration component of the research. It presents data and findings on migration patterns, drivers and impacts. It ends with a discussion of the results, with a focus on the tension between being prepared to move and fortifying to stay in place.

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Yemen: RDP is Supporting IDPs – But Still More in Jeopardy

Sun, 13 Oct 2019 20:36:00 +0000

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Source: Relief and Development Peer Foundation
Country: Yemen

In a life of a displaced family – only children pay the price!

Many parents have displaced to safer areas, trying to protect their little children from the intensified armed conflicts, yet children still face an imminent risk of famine and death.

What if a family header was greatly suffering from oral cancer?

What if he couldn’t get the needed drugs for his poor health condition to reach at a point where oncologists had to do a partial glossectomy – a surgical removal of part of his tongue?

Everyone sacrifices themselves to save the other! Children would starve to death to help their father get the needed drugs while the father sacrifices his health to keep his children alive!

Muqbill is at the age of thirty. He displaced from Hajjah Governorate due to the armed conflicts, living now under the poverty line with his wife and three children in Al-Qanawis district of Al Hudaydah Governorate.

It is truly hard that Muqbill has to go to the Oncology Center to be treated in Sana‘a Governorate. The transportation cost is one major problem he faces every month. He also needs to get biweekly drugs while the whole family are in acute need of basic necessities to sustain their lives.
It is a real tragedy in every sense of the word!

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Japan: Japan Typhoon 19 / Typhoon Hagibis: Situation Report 1 – period covered: October 12-14, 2019

Sun, 13 Oct 2019 20:30:20 +0000

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Source: Humanity Road
Country: Japan

Situation Overview

Typhoon 19 (Hagibis) made landfall on October 10, 2019 just before 1900 local time at Izu Peninsula in Shizuoka Prefecture. In advance of the typhoon, millions of people across Japan were asked to evacuate due to the risk of landslides and flooding. Humanity Road activated it’s disaster desk on October 12, 2019 as Typhoon 19 began impacting multiple prefectures.

As of 0100 October 14, an estimated 15 prefectures have been impacted by historic rainfall, flooding, and landslides, 31 people have died, 186 people were injured, and 14 people are missing. An estimated 59,100 households are without power. A total of 142 rivers overflowed and there were breakdown of river banks in 21 rivers at 24 locations.

This situation report number one provides useful official disaster resources and situational information based on early indications in social media.

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Nigeria: Borno State Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) Nigeria Emergency Response W40 2019 (Sep 30-Oct 06)

Sun, 13 Oct 2019 20:13:05 +0000

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Source: World Health Organization, Government of Nigeria
Country: Nigeria

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Syrian Arab Republic: Unbroken: Stories of Syrian Adolescent Girls

Sun, 13 Oct 2019 19:42:52 +0000

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Source: United Nations Population Fund
Country: Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey


What is it like for a young girl growing up in the midst of the Syria crisis?

Such is the question the interviewer addressed to 17-year-old Layali, who was a mere 11 years old when she fled her hometown in Qamishli, northern Syria, to take refuge in Iraq. Outside the steel-panelled caravan where the interview took place, the Domiz 1 camp teemed with life. Children played football, soft music echoed from a nearby arts and crafts class, and nails were being hammered at a construction site across the road.

Layali paused and looked away, gazing through the makeshift window. For a moment, she appeared as if she were about to cry, but then she smiled defiantly and said, “I’ve learned a lot.” Layali’s story — not to mention her unbreakable character — is that of countless Syrian adolescent girls whose lives have been uprooted by the ongoing violence in their country.

For Layali, the crisis confronted her with an array of daunting challenges.

Not only had she seen family members and loved ones gunned down in the maelstrom of the crisis, but she is also a survivor of several forms of genderbased violence, including harassment and sexual violence. Listening to her story, one is immediately struck by her strength and eloquence. She speaks with deliberation, displaying the composure of a humanitarian activist far beyond her 17 years, toughened yes, but wiser too, after years of being exposed to strife. And yet, for all that she has endured, she clings adamantly to her innocence and her sense of humour.

Since the onset of the Syria crisis in 2011, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) has consistently documented the toll the crisis has taken on adolescent girls, many of whom were between five and eleven years old when the crisis erupted. While women and girls alike have borne the brunt of the crisis, girls — especially adolescent girls — have faced increasingly complex challenges that stand to alter the course of their development and impact the rest of their lives.

Violation of privacy, movement restrictions, child marriage, and sexual and physical violence continue to be part of their daily reality, embroiling them in a web of violence that can transcend generations. The trials they have gone through over the past nine years have defined and indelibly shaped much of their formative years. The data collected by UNFPA was documented in two comprehensive publications, beginning with The Adolescent Girls Strategy (2017), which underscored the importance of programming for adolescent girls, and When Caged Birds Sing (2018), an in-depth analysis of the challenges confronting adolescent girls and their far-reaching consequences for survivors, their families and communities at large. “At some point, I had to ask myself where I go from this point onwards.” And yet girls like Layali emerge from the ashes of crisis to demonstrate the resilience of the human spirit, surviving and thriving where many seemingly stronger adults might falter. “At some point, I had to ask myself where I go from this point onwards,” Layali explains, her voice firm and steady. “Despite the pain that I and many like me have been through, I still believe in the possibility of a better world, where young girls can live out their childhoods in peace and freedom.

This is why I decided to volunteer to help those who have suffered as I have, to make sure that my generation will not make the same mistakes.” This publication is an attempt to showcase the strength of girls like Layali, girls whose lives were forever altered by the callous and discrimatory depredations of crisis, yet remained determined to persevere and pursue their dream of a better world. The stories featured in the following pages not only demonstrate the remarkable strength of adolescent girls in the face of enormous odds, but also serve to underscore the importance of ensuring that their insights inform any and all discussions about humanitarian activities, human resilience and peacebuilding programmes.

The stories featured in the following pages were acquired in direct conversations and interviews with Syrian adolescent girls and their families living in Syria or in refugee camps and in host communities in Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, and Iraq.

Given the sensitive nature of the subject matter, and protection and the potential security issues associated with telling these stories, special care has been taken to adhere to the wishes of these girls. No real names feature in these accounts and details of hometowns and current whereabouts appear only intermittently in keeping with the wishes of those interviewed and quoted. Moreover, the photographs of adolescent girls that feature throughout this publication are not directly linked to the quotes that appear on them.

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Syrian Arab Republic: WHO gravely concerned about humanitarian situation in northeast Syria

Sun, 13 Oct 2019 17:53:09 +0000

Source: World Health Organization
Country: Syrian Arab Republic

13 October, Cairo, Egypt — WHO is gravely concerned about the humanitarian health situation in northeast Syria, where up to 200,000 people have been displaced as a result of increased military operations since 9 October, and almost 1.5 million people are in need of health aid. Many of those affected by the recent hostilities have already experienced immense physical and mental stress as a result of years of conflict and repeated displacement.

People in need of essential health care services face challenges related to insecurity and limited access to health care. Already weakened health services in northeast Syria have been severely impacted by the latest security developments. The national hospital in Ras Al-Ain is currently out of service, and the national hospital and two health centers in Tel Abyad are also currently non-functional. The three field hospitals in Al-Hol camp have limited their services since 12 October as a result of the escalation of hostilities which has impeded access of health staff to the camp. All health facilities in camps hosting displaced people in Ain Issa and Ras al Ain have also been evacuated, with additional facilities under threat as the conflict rapidly escalates.

A number of health partners have already suspended services due to insecurity, further disrupting access to essential health care services. On 12 October, a trauma stabilization point located south of Ras Al Ain was evacuated after being reportedly attacked, resulting in two health staff injured and two ambulances destroyed. On the same day, the hospital in Ras Al-Ain was also reportedly attacked. There were no casualties as the facility had already been evacuated.

Across northeast Syria, shortages of health workers is widespread as they too have been among those displaced by the ongoing insecurity, aggravating an already critical situation and further depriving underserved populations of access to medical care.

Damages to the pumping station in Ras Al Ain, the main water source for most of Al Hassakeh governorate, has increased the risk of outbreaks of infectious diseases. Even before the current escalation in conflict, acute diarreah and typhoid were two of the most reported diseases among people in northeast Syria in August 2019. Ongoing displacements, overcrowded living conditions, and limited access to safe water and sanitation services, will likely lead to an increase in the number of people affected by water-borne diseases.

Amid this chaotic and fast-moving situation, WHO and health partners are working hard to respond to urgent health needs. Almost 314,000 medical treatments, vaccines, in addition to trauma medicines for 500 trauma patients have already been prepositioned in Qamishly hub. An additional shipment of more than 100,000 treatments and medicines for 640 trauma patients will be airlifted to Qamishly in the coming week. Medicines for diarrheal diseases, have also been prepositioned for delivery to health facilities as needed. Despite the challenges, many health NGOs continue to operate or shift to new locations. Some casualty cases requiring hospitalization are referred to a WHO-supported facility in Al-Hassakeh, and WHO is in the process of contracting two additional hospitals in Al-Hassakeh and Al-Raqqa to support referral services.

As the situation evolves, WHO and partners will continue to assess health needs and scale up their response as needed.

WHO calls on all parties to the conflict to preserve the right to health for hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians in northeast Syria, and comply with International Humanitarian Law to protect all civilians, including health care workers and patients, as well as health facilities.

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