ReliefWeb - Updates

ReliefWeb - Updates

Descriptive text is not available for this image

ReliefWeb - Updates

Japan contributes to explosive hazard management in Somalia (3 August 2021)

Wed, 04 Aug 2021 04:12:28 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Countries: Japan, Somalia
Sources: Government of Japan, UN Mine Action Service

Please refer to the attached file.

JOINT PRESS RELEASE

The Embassy of Japan to Kenya
Nairobi, Kenya

United Nations Mine Action Service, Somalia Programme
Mogadishu, Somalia

Mogadishu, 3 August 2021 - Explosive hazards continue to have a detrimental impact on peacebuilding and state building in Somalia. Over the past years, extremist groups have continued to use improvised explosive devices (IEDs) as the preferred weapon targeting AMISOM and Somali Security Forces. In addition, indirect fire, explosive remnants of war (ERW), and legacy mines from the civil war continue to endanger the lives of the security forces and civilian population.

The People of Japan has renewed its commitment to promote peace building and stability in Somalia by contributing over four million USD to the United Nations Voluntary Trust Fund for Assistance in Mine Action. This important contribution will enable the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) to reduce the threat posed by explosive hazards and contribute to establishing a safe, secure and peaceful Somalia. Over the past decade, including this generous contribution, Japan has contributed USD 19 million to mine action in Somalia.

The generous contribution from the People of Japan will assist in enhancing the capability of the Somali Police Force (SPF), both in Mogadishu and five Federal Member States, to mitigate the threat of IEDs as well as strengthen the organizational capacity of the SPF by refurbishing their police headquarters in Mogadishu.

According to the Embassy of Japan in Kenya, “the Japanese government supports UNMAS’ efforts which strengthens the Somali government’s capacity to cope with internal insecurity by providing technical support to the Police force, increasing the number of explosive management teams and equipping them. We hope this activity will contribute to national and social security in Somalia”.

“We are very grateful for the continued commitment of the Government of Japan aimed at eliminating the threat of explosive hazards from Somalia while promoting protection of civilians,” said Ms. Qurat-ul-Ain Sadozai, the UNMAS Programme Manager in the country. “The generous and multi-year support of the Government of Japan will allow UNMAS to press on with training and mentoring support to the Somali Police Force (SPF) in further enhancing security for the people of Somalia”.

For further information, please contact:

Ms. Qurat-ul-Ain Sadozai, UNMAS Programme Manager, Mogadishu, sadozai@un.org

Hafssa Soufiane, UNMAS Public Information Officer, Mogadishu, hafssa.soufiane@un.org

The Embassy of Japan to Kenya, Nairobi, jinfocul@nb.mofa.go.jp

Full Story

Indonesia, Flooding in North Luwu Regency, South Sulawesi (3 Aug 2021)

Wed, 04 Aug 2021 04:04:31 +0000

Country: Indonesia
Source: ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance

AFFECTED AREA/S

Luwu Utara

DESCRIPTION

Floods in Kab. North Luwu, Prov. South Sulawesi

Chronology:

  • Rain with high intensity and shallow sedimentation of the Masamba river with poor drainage on Tuesday, August 3, 2021, Pkl. 20.00 WITA

Location:

  • Kec. Masamba
  • Kel. Bone
  • Kel. Bone Tua
  • Ds. Laba

Casualties:

  • ±150 households affected

Material Losses:

  • ±100 houses submerged
  • Flood depth 50 - 60 cm

Effort:

  • TRC BPBD Kab. North Luwu coordinates with the TNI/POLRI and the District Government to monitor and collect data
  • Give an appeal to the community to stay alert and anticipate if it rains to carry out independent evacuation to a safer place

Up-to-date Condition:

  • The flood gradually recedes

Source:

  • BPBD Kab. North Luwu

Informed By:

BNPB PUSDALOPSComplaint Number / Call Center : 117 (Toll Free)Instagram : pusdalops_bnpbTwitter : @Bnpbpusdalops

Full Story

Iraq: SRSG Patten remarks for the Free Yezidi Foundation Genocide Commemoration Concluding Panel: Genocide, Recovery and Support, 3 August 2021

Wed, 04 Aug 2021 03:33:40 +0000

Country: Iraq
Source: UN Office of the SRSG on Sexual Violence in Conflict

Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen, this is a day to express our deepest solidarity with the Yazidi people who, seven years ago faced a genocide by Daesh. The attacks that began on 3 August 2014 resulted in thousands being killed. Yazidi men who refused to convert to Islam were executed and dumped in mass graves; many boys were forced to become child soldiers. An estimated 7,000 Yazidi women and girls, some as young as nine, were enslaved and forcibly transferred to locations in Iraq and eastern Syria. Held in sexual slavery, survivors were repeatedly sold, gifted, or passed around among Daesh fighters. So many Yazidis went missing that the enslavement of women did not immediately come to international attention. More than 3,000 women are missing to this day.

Today we remember the individuals lost to that genocide; those who remain missing; and all those who have experienced the most profound trauma imaginable.

I thank the Free Yezidi Foundation for this invitation and commend their important work in advocating on behalf of the Yazidi community and supporting those who are most in need. Today, like us, many are pausing to remember what happened 7 years ago and to recommit to “never again.” But while remembrance is critically important, it is not enough. Yazidis deserve more than remembrance. Seven years after the genocide, hundreds of thousands of Yazidis are still displaced and living in harsh conditions. The trauma of genocide is continuously compounded by poverty.

The COVID 19 pandemic has made matters worse. As countries focus domestically on the pandemic, those on the periphery of protection – the displaced, conflict-afflicted and survivors of sexual violence – are pushed further into the margins. The impact manifests in increased vulnerability to contracting COVID and a sharp decline in mental health. It is reported that in the first 16 days of 2021, 11 young Yazidis took their own lives. Clustered cases of suicide have been surfacing in IDP camps since the 2014 genocide.

Yet, every Yazidi survivor I have met with, over many years have articulated very clearly what they need. What they want most is justice and reparations-for Courts to prosecute ISIS perpetrators and hold them accountable for their crimes of sexual violence and genocide. They unanimously highlighted the criticality of livelihood support and underlined that psychological therapy is not a remedy for lack of income, clean water, education, and healthcare. Many stressed how livelihood opportunities generate hope and replace the despair that has settled in their hearts. They also demand peace, to return to their homes to live in safety and dignity as well as the reunification of families.

Security Council resolution 2467(2019) emphasized that to restore peace and security in the aftermath of sexual violence crimes, there must be holistic survivor-centered justice and reparation.

After seven years, we must call on the Government of Iraq to design and implement a comprehensive and survivor-centered transitional justice strategy, with the full support of the United Nations and international community.

This transitional justice strategy must uphold the rights of survivors of Daesh’s sexual violence under Iraqi and international law:

  • To participate in political processes of the Iraqi federal and Kurdistan regional government, especially in matters that directly impact their future.
  • To safe, dignified, and voluntary returns to their homelands, with economic livelihoods in these areas being paramount.
  • To know the truth of what happened to each survivor individually and collectively to their families and communities. The Government of Iraq, the Kurdistan Region of Iraq and the international community must commit to locating the thousands that remain missing from the Yazidi and other communities with dedicated resources and ensuring reunification when possible.

To criminal accountability for the crimes committed against survivors and victims from the Yazidi community and other Iraqi components for sexual violence offences. Although there has been absolutely no shortage of evidence from the very start of this crisis, in Iraq, there has not been a single conviction of a member of Daesh for sexual violence crimes. The recent and fourth conviction by a German Court, of ISIS members, for crimes against humanity against Yazidis is one such step in the right direction. But more needs to be done in Iraq where impunity reigns and most of those responsible for the atrocities, still walk free.

  • As part of accountability, we must engage in a broader programme of legal reform. The provisions of the Iraqi Criminal Code on rape and other forms of sexual violence are now over half a century old. Legal reform on sexual violence is necessary to ensure that sexual violence will not be tolerated against any individual in Iraq as a guarantee of non-repetition for these offences.

Further, survivors must have the right:

  • To reparation and other forms of victims’ assistance. The Yazidi Survivors Law enacted in March 2021, which provides support to those impacted by Daesh’s crimes from the Yazidi, Turkmen Shi’a, Shabak and Christian communities, is a landmark piece of legislation whose bylaws are currently being drafted. My mandate continues to stress to the Iraqi Government that these bylaws need to be as flexible as possible to reach the largest number of beneficiaries from these communities given the scale and sensitivity of the crimes involved. Further, the international community must support Iraq in effectively implementing this law both from a technical and financial perspective, as a vital part of Iraq’s reconstruction.
  • And finally, survivors must be able to live free of shame and stigma. While, the Yazidi Spiritual Council has accepted the return in the community, of survivors of sexual violence, the children born to Yezidi mothers from the rape of Daesh members, are not welcomed as part of the Yezidi-community.
  • I remain concerned about the plight of both the children and their mothers. Women bear the burden of the trauma of enslavement and rape, along with stigma and shame of wishing to care for their ‘Daesh’ children. While these are difficult cultural and religious matters, both these mothers and their children are entitled to full civil, political, social, and economic rights.

My mandate continues to support projects in Iraq pursuant to the Joint Communiqué signed between the Government of Iraq and the United Nations to Prevent and Respond to Conflict-Related Sexual Violence of 2016.

And to conclude, my message to the Yazidis community is that I am with you. I will continue to advocate for you and will continue to do so until you are safe; until you get justice and until you have what you need to heal and to flourish.

Thank you.

Tuesday, 3 August 2021

Full Story

World: PDC and Red Cross go beyond response to anticipate disaster impacts

Wed, 04 Aug 2021 03:17:58 +0000

Country: World
Source: Pacific Disaster Center

In a time of unprecedented humanitarian need, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and the Pacific Disaster Center (PDC), an applied science and research center under the University of Hawai‘i, have announced a partnership to anticipate disaster impacts. The two organizations are melding their common mission and individual resources to tackle some of the world’s most significant humanitarian challenges using next-generation anticipatory science and technology.

“When we learned that IFRC, the largest humanitarian organization in the world, was launching Anticipation Hub, an online knowledge exchange platform to shift the mindset of responders from reacting to anticipating disasters, we knew we had something significant to contribute,” said PDC Executive Director Ray Shirkhodai.

Xavier Castellanos, IFRC Under Secretary General of National Society Development and Operations Coordination, said data-driven decision-making and evidence-based early action are at the core of the work of the IFRC and its global network of Red Cross and Red Crescent National Societies.

“By working together with the Pacific Disaster Center, the IFRC will enhance the use and exchange of information, science and technology; and develop tools and mechanisms that will allow volunteers, staff and partners to make better decisions to protect people at risk of disasters,” said Castellanos.

“This alliance is a step forward in the achievement of the digital transformation goals the IFRC has set. Integrating digital and emerging technologies, skills and a digital culture into our organization in a more efficient way will enable us to harness collective intelligence and democratize access to information. It will allow us to test a wide range of emerging technologies that can drive greater efficiency and impact in our work.”

UH President David Lassner said, “By partnering with expert organizations like the IFRC to create meaningful data exchanges and leverage years of ground-level operational expertise in mitigating humanitarian crises, the Pacific Disaster Center has developed a world-class set of tools, technologies, and impact modeling capabilities to aid disaster mitigation and more effective adaptation to significant challenges presented by climate change now and into the future.”

Tropical Cyclone Idai

The PDC’s mission is personal for Director of Global Operations Erin Hughey. Her passion for humanitarian work can be traced back to her childhood when she worked alongside her family at the American Red Cross. Since then, Hughey has dedicated her life’s work to advancing the field of disaster management and widely influencing evidence-based decision-making in disaster risk reduction.

According to Hughey, the opportunity for the PDC and the IFRC to partner began to take shape in 2019 as Category 4 Tropical Cyclone Idai struck Mozambique. Although Mozambique is routinely affected by tropical cyclones, there has been a sharp rise in the severity of impacts to this region—a trend observed around the world.

“Mashing up the PDC’s capabilities with the IFRC’s critical insights from more than 100 years of life-saving work allows our organizations to join forces to protect lives, reduce losses and better anticipate the new and emerging threats brought about by natural disasters, conflict and climate-driven crises,” Hughey said.

Full Story

Syria: Daily Emergency Needs Tracking weekly bulletin: 26 July -1 August 2021 Covering the needs of newly-arrived IDPs

Wed, 04 Aug 2021 02:21:10 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Country: Syrian Arab Republic
Source: REACH Initiative

Please refer to the attached Infographic.

Background and methodology

The aim of the Emergency Needs Tracking (ENT) System is to track the key priority needs of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in northwest Syria, as well as identifying communities with households in direct need of humanitarian assistance. The ENT assesses communities that have experienced any of the following in the three days prior to data collection: more than 40 IDP arrivals, natural hazards (including storms, fires, and flooding), conflict escalation, or any other event which impacts humanitarian needs. This information should serve to better inform immediate humanitarian operations, as well as provide a wider contextual understanding of the ongoing situation. As the humanitarian situation remains complex, it is critical to fill information gaps across sectors to ensure a well-coordinated humanitarian response.

Data was collected between 26 July and 1 August. Information was collected via a Key Informant (KI) methodology with one KI interview conducted per community. Findings should be considered indicative only. 157 communities, including 13 camps, were assessed overall across northern Aleppo and Idleb governorates. The full dashboard can be accessed here and the full catalogue of datasets can be accessed here.

Full Story

Nigeria Joint Market Monitoring Initiative (JMMI) (24 - 30 May 2021)

Wed, 04 Aug 2021 02:16:47 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Country: Nigeria
Source: REACH Initiative

Please refer to the attached file.

INTRODUCTION

The Nigeria Joint Market Monitoring Initiative (JMMI) was launched by the Nigeria Cash Working Group (CWG) and partners, in collaboration with REACH Initiative, and funded by the European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO). The objective is to provide regular updates on prices of key items and market functionality to inform Cash and Voucher Assistance (CVA). Data from the first round of the JMMI was collected between 24 and 30 May, in 3 states and 17 Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Northeast Nigeria.

Full Story

Philippines: DSWD DROMIC Report #21 on the Taal Volcano Eruption as of 26 July 2021, 6PM

Wed, 04 Aug 2021 01:53:00 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Country: Philippines
Source: Government of the Philippines

Please refer to the attached file.

I. Situation Overview

On 01 July 2021 at 3:37 PM, the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) has raised Alert Level 3 over Taal Volcano after a phreatomagmatic eruption from the main crater occurred at 3:16 PM.

As of 26 July 2021 at 8 AM, Alert Level 2 (Decreased Unrest) now prevails over Taal Volcano. DOST-PHIVOLCS reminds the public that at Alert Level 2, sudden steamor gas-driven explosions, volcanic earthquakes, minor ashfall, and lethal accumulations or expulsions of volcanic gas can occur and threaten areas within and around TVI. DOST-PHIVOLCS strongly recommends that entry must be strictly prohibited into Taal Volcano Island, Taal’s Permanent Danger Zone or PDZ, especially the vicinities of the Main Crater and the Daang Kastila fissure, and occupancy and boating on Taal Lake. Local government officials are advised to continuously assess and strengthen the preparedness of previously evacuated barangays around Taal Lake in case of renewed unrest.

Source: PHIVOLCS

II. Status of Affected Areas and Population

A total of 6,212 families or 22,356 persons were affected by the Taal Volcano eruption in 148 Barangays in CALABARZON (see Table 1).

III. Status of Displaced Population

a. Inside Evacuation Centers

There are 225 families or 794 persons currently taking temporary shelter in 11 evacuation centers in CALABARZON (see Table 2).

b. Outside Evacuation Centers

There are 2,594 families or 8,947 persons temporarily staying with their relatives and/or friends in CALABARZON (see Table 3)

c. Total Displaced Population

A total of 2,849 families or 9,741 persons are displaced in CALABARZON due to Taal Volcano eruption (see Table 4).

Full Story

TaiwanICDF assists youths in the Kingdom of Eswatini to develop their skills and build promising futures

Wed, 04 Aug 2021 01:26:38 +0000

Country: Eswatini
Source: Taiwan International Cooperation and Development Fund

The TaiwanICDF implemented the Technical and Vocational Education and Training Enhancement Project in the Kingdom of Eswatini in 2015 to support our partner country to cultivate professionals needed for economic development. The six-year project was completed in June 2021, and aided Eswatini in improving the effectiveness of technical and vocational education and training (TVET) by bridging the gap between industries and schools and enhancing the skills of young people. The project also addressed the development needs of local industries and helped graduates quickly enter the job market. The employment rate of counseled students reached 70 percent after graduation, which is much higher than the average youth employment rate in Eswatini of 50 percent, highlighting the successful results of the project in assisting Eswatini to strengthen youth capabilities.

Aiming to increase the employment competitiveness of Eswatini's youth, the TaiwanICDF helped improve the quality of training in vocational training and education institutions. The two major local educational institutions, Eswatini College of Technology (ECOT) and the Gwamile Vocational and Commercial Training Institute in Mastapha (VOCTIM), introduced Taiwan’s technical and vocational training system to optimize the course syllabus and teaching content of key departments in the development of industries such as electrical machinery, information and communications, and automobile repair and maintenance. Additionally, the project enhanced the teaching ability of professional teachers through on-the-job training and training in Taiwan. At the same time, the project has improved the internship factories and laboratory teaching equipment of the two schools, strengthened the practical abilities of students, and provided employment counseling for student guidance to increase employment opportunities for young people.

Furthermore, the TaiwanICDF has provided short-term intensive training to 223 qualified technicians, which has been highly praised by local industries. Havilah Garage, Premier FMCG Swazi Bakeries, and Eswatini Water Services Corporation have requested the project partner VOCTIM to provide professional trainings for auto repair and electrical-related employees. The local trainings could help enterprises in the country reduce training costs by replacing the need to send personnel abroad for training, and also provide Eswatini people with on-the-job training and lifelong learning opportunities.

In the second phase of the project, the TaiwanICDF will focus on strengthening the national skills certification framework to provide skills certification examinations and apprenticeship training programs that are industry-oriented and in line with the Southern African Development Community Qualifications Framework (SADCQF). We hope to gradually help advance the certified technical workforce to meet the development needs of Eswatini and expand the job market.

Full Story

TaiwanICDF partners with World Vision Eswatini to meet nutritional needs of vulnerable pregnant women in Eswatini

Wed, 04 Aug 2021 01:24:41 +0000

Country: Eswatini
Source: Taiwan International Cooperation and Development Fund

Many vulnerable households in Eswatini are facing challenges in maintaining livelihoods due to the severe impact of COVID-19. In response, the International Cooperation and Development Fund (TaiwanICDF) is collaborating with World Vision Eswatini (WVE) to implement the Cash Assistance Project to Complement Maternal and Infant Health Care Improvement Project. The project officially started on July 15, 2021, and will aid vulnerable pregnant women to improve their health and nutritional status during their pregnancy.

The COVID-19 pandemic has been raging the world for over one and a half years and has disproportionately affected the poor and vulnerable, leading to “the new poor.” For Taiwan’s diplomatic ally in Africa, the Kingdom of Eswatini, COVID-19 has considerably impacted the country’s steadily developing economy and healthcare system. In addition, Eswatini’s government has also implemented several restriction measures in order to contain the spread of COVID-19, but these measures have also led to inflation. The consequences of COVID-19 plus recent protests have driven a great number of vulnerable households to lose or significantly decrease incomes and therefore are unable to obtain enough food. Many pregnant women among these vulnerable households cannot afford food costs for their nutrition needs and transportation costs for going to clinics to receive antenatal care, which has further increased their risks during labor.

The Taiwan Technical Mission in Eswatini, dispatched by the TaiwanICDF, has implemented the Maternal and Infant Health Care Improvement Project in the Kingdom of Eswatini (Phase II) since 2019. The team is devoted to protecting maternal and child health in the country, and therefore has a deep understanding of the risks that vulnerable pregnant women are facing during this critical time. In order to assist Eswatini’s pregnant women to improve their situation, the TaiwanICDF utilizes the foundation built under the Maternal and Infant Health Care Improvement Project and works with WVE to implement the Cash Assistance Project. Under the cash assistance project, 500 economically vulnerable pregnant women will be selected as the project’s beneficiaries and will receive cash assistance. They can then utilize the additional aid to improve their health and nutrition during pregnancy, and also complete four antenatal care appointments.

Full Story

One year after the explosion disaster - Beirut and Lebanon between crisis and reconstruction

Wed, 04 Aug 2021 01:23:02 +0000

Countries: Germany, Lebanon, Syrian Arab Republic
Source: Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau

On 4 August 2020, 2750 tons of ammonium nitrate exploded in the port of Beirut. A huge shock wave hit large parts of the city. Pictures of the destruction went around the world. More than 200 people lost their lives, over 6000 were injured. Hundreds of thousands had to leave their destroyed or collapsed houses. One year later, reconstruction is in full swing. KfW is also stepping up its commitment with funds from the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).

Sascha Stadtler, head of KfW's Beirut office, reports: "The situation of many people suddenly deteriorated once again on 4 August. Even before the explosion, Lebanon faced enormous challenges. The country was in the middle of one of the worst economic and financial crises of the last 150 years. Unemployment and national debt were crushingly high. In addition, more than one million refugees had sought shelter from the Syrian civil war in Lebanon since 2015. A challenge for the often dilapidated infrastructure in the small country. "With the explosion, entire neighbourhoods were suddenly in ruins," recalls Stadtler. "Schools, hospitals - the huge blast wave damaged buildings, streets and bridges even far away."

Volunteers from all over the country began reconstruction work immediately after the disaster. KfW and its project partners also reacted quickly and used funds from projects already underway. Together with UNICEF, damaged school buildings were repaired, over 3,700 water tanks were replaced and leaks in the network were repaired. Over 3,500 students were able to return to safe buildings to study. Syrian refugees and Lebanese worked together to advance the labour-intensive clean-up work as part of a KfW-funded programme. In a follow-up phase of this ILO and UNDP project, they are now restoring public buildings.

But even one year after the explosion, the challenges remain great. Around 5,000 businesses from a wide range of sectors are estimated to have been directly affected by the blast. Tough exit restrictions have additionally driven thousands of small entrepreneurs into bankruptcy. At the same time, food prices continue to rise due to currency depreciation. More than half of the population now lives below the poverty line. Many young Lebanese are trying to leave the country in the absence of reforms.

In this situation, KfW, with funds from the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), is stepping up German involvement in Lebanon. "The aim is to provide support that reaches the population directly," explains Marc Engelhardt, Head of Middle East Department, who was on site in July to get a picture of the situation. KfW will soon be contributing EUR 10 million to the "Lebanon Financing Facility for Reform, Recovery and Reconstruction". In the first phase, small businesses, among others, will receive assistance to restart their operations and boost economic life. In addition, particularly disadvantaged groups will be helped to return to rebuilt housing. To finance the fund, several donors have joined forces under the leadership of the World Bank to coordinate their support. KfW also plans to provide a further 20 million by the end of the year for the reconstruction of roads and public spaces in disadvantaged areas of Beirut. "We are always guided by the principle: building back better," explains Marc Engelhardt. "At the end of the reconstruction, we want to have a society that is more resilient to future crises."

In addition to the urgently needed aid for the reconstruction of Beirut, KfW is also committed to long-term prospects in the rest of the country. Since 2020, Lebanon has been one of the selected partner countries of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) with which long-term development goals are pursued. In 2020 alone, new commitments amounted to 203 million euros. A special focus of the work is on preventing social tensions and improving the situation of refugees and vulnerable Lebanese as directly as possible.

Full Story

30 years of polio campaigns in Ethiopia, India and Nigeria: the impacts of campaign design on vaccine hesitancy and health worker motivation

Wed, 04 Aug 2021 01:12:36 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Countries: Ethiopia, India, Nigeria
Source: British Medical Journal

Please refer to the attached file.

Abigail H Neel, Svea Closser, Catherine Villanueva, Piyusha Majumdar, S D Gupta, Daniel Krugman, Oluwaseun Oladapo Akinyemi, Wakgari Deressa, Olakunle Alonge

Abstract

Introduction The debate over the impact of vertical programmes, including mass vaccination, on health systems is long-standing and often polarised. Studies have assessed the effects of a given vertical health programme on a health system separatelyfrom the goals of the vertical programme itself. Further, these health system effects are often categorised as either positive or negative. Yet health systems are in fact complex, dynamic and tightly linked. Relationships between elements of the system determine programme and system-level outcomes over time.

Methods We constructed a causal loop diagram of the interactions between mass polio vaccination campaigns and government health systems in Ethiopia, India and Nigeria, working inductively from two qualitative datasets. The first dataset was 175 interviews conducted with policymakers, officials and frontline staff in these countries in 2011–2012. The second was 101 interviews conducted with similar groups in 2019, focusing on lessons learnt from polio eradication.

Results Pursuing high coverage in polio campaigns, without considering the dynamic impacts of campaigns on health systems, cost campaign coverage gains over time in weaker health systems with many campaigns. Over time, the systems effects of frequent campaigns, delivered through parallel structures, led to a loss of frontline worker motivation, and an increase in vaccine hesitancy in recipient populations. Co-delivery of interventions helped to mitigate these negative effects. In stronger health systems with fewer campaigns, these issues did not arise.

Conclusion It benefits vertical programmes to reduce the construction of parallel systems and pursue co-delivery of interventions where possible, and to consider the workflow of frontline staff. Ultimately, for health campaign designs to be effective, they must make sense for those delivering and receiving campaign interventions, and must take into account the complex, adaptive nature of the health systems in which they operate.

Full Story

Philippines: DSWD DROMIC Report #6 on the Effects of Southwest Monsoon as of 3 August 2021, 6PM

Wed, 04 Aug 2021 01:02:37 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Country: Philippines
Source: Government of the Philippines

Please refer to the attached file.

I. Situation Overview

Issued on 31 July 2021 at 11 AM: The effect of the Southwest Monsoon has weakened that will bring cloudy skies with scattered rainshowers and thunderstorms over Ilocos Region, Benguet, Zambales, and Bataan.

Source: DOST-PAGASA Weather Advisory No. 30 Final

II. Status of Affected Areas and Population

A total of 222,746 families or 884,996 persons were affected by the Southwest Monsoon in 708 barangays in Regions NCR, III, MIMAROPA and CAR (see Table 1).

III. Status of Displaced Population

a. Inside Evacuation Centers

There are 1,637 families or 6,236 persons currently taking temporary shelter in 112 evacuation centers in Regions NCR, III, MIMAROPA and CAR (see Table 2).

b. Outside Evacuation Centers

There are 27,113 families or 115,959 persons temporarily staying with their relatives and/or friends in Regions III and CAR (see Table 3).

c. Total Displaced Population

There are 28,740 families or 122,165 persons displaced in Regions NCR, III and CAR (see Table 4).

Full Story

Pakistan: Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA): Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Daily Situation Report (3 August 2021, Morning)

Wed, 04 Aug 2021 00:47:10 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Country: Pakistan
Source: Government of Pakistan

Please refer to the attached file.

INCIDENTS DETAIL

DISTRICT:

North Waziristan

DETAIL OF INCIDENT:

On 02-08-2021, two children namely Umar Khitab s/o Maqbool and Ihtesham s/o Noor Azam r/o Karam Kot Bora Khel drowned in flash flood in Karam Kot Algad resultantly both died.

RESPONSE

The dead bodies recovered and handed to the families concerned.

SOURCE

Deputy Commissioner North Waziristan

Full Story

Myanmar: Agencies’ activities in Shan State at a glance – MIMU 3W May 2021

Wed, 04 Aug 2021 00:34:17 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Country: Myanmar
Source: Myanmar Information Management Unit

Please refer to the attached file.

COUNTRYWIDE MIMU 3W

159 agencies provided information on their humanitarian, development and peace-focused activities in 22 sectors countrywide, reaching 77% of village tracts/towns across the country

Full Story

Philippines: PHIVOLCS TAAL Volcano Bulletin 04 August 2021 8:00 AM

Wed, 04 Aug 2021 00:26:46 +0000

Country: Philippines
Source: Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology

In the past 24-hour period, the Taal Volcano Network recorded eighty-six (86) volcanic earthquakes, including thirty-one (31) volcanic tremor events having durations of two (2) to five (5) minutes, forty-eight (48) low-frequency volcanic earthquakes, seven (7) hybrid event and low-level background tremor that has persisted since 07 July 2021. Activity at the Main Crater consisted of weak emission of steam-laden plumes from fumarolic vents that rose five (5) meters. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission averaged 4,948 tonnes/day on 03 August 2021. Based on ground deformation parameters from electronic tilt, continuous GPS and InSAR monitoring, Taal Volcano Island has begun deflating in April 2021 while the Taal region continues to undergo very slow extension since 2020.

Alert Level 2 (Decreased Unrest) now prevails over Taal Volcano. DOST-PHIVOLCS reminds the public that at Alert Level 2, sudden steam- or gas-driven explosions, volcanic earthquakes, minor ashfall, and lethal accumulations or expulsions of volcanic gas can occur and threaten areas within and around TVI. DOST-PHIVOLCS strongly recommends that entry must be strictly prohibited into Taal Volcano Island, Taal’s Permanent Danger Zone or PDZ, especially the vicinities of the Main Crater and the Daang Kastila fissure, and occupancy and boating on Taal Lake. Local government officials are advised to continuously assess and strengthen the preparedness of previously evacuated barangays around Taal Lake in case of renewed unrest. Civil aviation authorities must advise pilots to avoid flying close to the volcano as airborne ash and ballistic fragments from sudden explosions and wind-remobilized ash may pose hazards to aircraft. DOST-PHIVOLCS is closely monitoring Taal Volcano’s activity and any new significant development will be immediately communicated to all stakeholders.

DOST-PHIVOLCS

Full Story

Burundi: Rapport de Situation sur la Réponse à la Pandémie due au Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) - Rédigé et publié le 3 ao슩t 2021

Wed, 04 Aug 2021 00:18:51 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Country: Burundi
Sources: Government of Burundi, World Health Organization

Please refer to the attached file.

1. Résumé de la situation

  • Aucun nouveau cas d’infection d’agent de santé a été rapporté ce jour. Au total 38 agents de santé ont été testés positifs au coronavirus 2 depuis le début de l’épidémie au Burundi, soit 0,49% du cumul des cas rapportés, avec zéro décès. Les derniers cas d’infection de personnel de santé datent du 02 avril 2021.

Full Story

Philippines: 3M Moderna vaccines from US Government arrive through COVAX Facility

Wed, 04 Aug 2021 00:17:13 +0000

Countries: Philippines, United States of America
Sources: Government of the Philippines, World Health Organization, UN Children's Fund

Joint press release of the Department of Health, World Health Organization and UNICEF

3 August 2021, Manila – Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte welcomed the arrival of 3 million doses of the Moderna COVID-19 vaccines from the US Government through the COVAX Facility, as the country braces for a hard lockdown in the capital Manila to stem the spread of the Delta variant of COVID-19.

The most recent arrival brings the total of COVAX donations to the Philippines to 13.2 million doses of COVID-19 vaccines. Of these, 6 million doses were donated by the US Government as part of its global vaccine-sharing strategy, which aims to provide at least 80 million vaccine doses to countries most affected by the COVID-19 pandemic.

“We are thankful to the COVAX Facility and our partners from the US Government for these additional COVID-19 vaccines. As we implement a stricter quarantine classification in Metro Manila, we will continue to ramp up our national vaccination program and aim to increase coverage among our senior citizens and persons with underlying medical conditions. Vaccinating those in the high-risk group would help prevent the overwhelming of our hospitals,” said Secretary of Health Francisco T. Duque III.

The Philippine Government has ramped up its vaccination campaign, reaching more than 500,000 inoculations daily. Since March 2021, over 84 percent of healthcare workers (A1 group), 32 percent of senior citizens (A2 group), and 48 percent of people with comorbidities* are fully vaccinated. However, less than 5 percent of essential workers (A4 group) and 2 percent of the indigent population (A5 group) have been fully inoculated.

The Department of Health announced its accelerated vaccination plan during the hard lockdown, which includes strict scheduling/pre-registration, alternative modes of transportation for vaccines, and special lanes for A2 and A3 population.

The COVAX Facility — co-led by Gavi, the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) and the World Health Organization (WHO), together with UNICEF — aims to provide access to quality-assured COVID-19 vaccines, enabling the protection of frontline health care and social workers, as well as other high-risk and vulnerable groups such as the elderly and those with underlying medical conditions.

“The WHO commends the US government for its efforts to share COVID-19 vaccines and facilitate their equitable distribution around the world. We especially express our appreciation to the US for sharing vaccines with the Philippines. Equitable global distribution of safe and effective vaccines is the only way to defeat the COVID-19 pandemic and we encourage other countries to also support COVAX through the sharing of vaccines,” said Dr Rabindra Abeyasinghe, WHO Representative to the Philippines.

“Dose sharing is not only the altruistic thing to do. It's also the smart thing to do to ensure the fastest and most secure route to bring the pandemic under control. With deadlier variants of COVID-19 virus emerging, we are racing against time. Each step we make is not only a step towards making sure everyone is safe, it also brings children closer to enjoying their full rights as children,” said Oyunsaikhan Dendevnorov, UNICEF Philippines Country Representative.

DOH, WHO, and UNICEF continue to urge local governments to make the best use of available vaccines for the priority populations, while continuing with other preventive measures – wearing of masks, hand hygiene, physical distancing.

*Data does not include NCR

DOH: facebook.com/DOHhealthypilipinas
WHO: facebook.com/whophilippines
UNICEF: facebook.com/unicefphilippines

Media contacts

Lindsay Orsolino
Media Relations Section, Communications Management Unit
Department of Health
Tel: +639063812403
Email: lmorsolino@doh.gov.ph

Jun Ryan Orbina
Communications Officer for the Expanded Programme on Immunization
WHO Philippines
Tel: +63 906 438 6312
Email: orbinaj@who.int

Rocel Ann Junio
Communication Officer
WHO Philippines
Tel: +63928 501 2064
Email: junior@who.int

Niko Wieland
Chief of Communication
UNICEF Philippines
Tel: +63 917 867 8366
Email: nmwieland@unicef.org

Marge Francia
Communication Officer
UNICEF Philippines
Tel: +63 917 858 9447
Email: mfrancia@unicef.org

Full Story

U.S. donates over one million doses of COVID-19 vaccine to Cambodia

Wed, 04 Aug 2021 00:12:08 +0000

Countries: Cambodia, United States of America
Source: US Agency for International Development

For Immediate Release
July 30, 2021

2021/12

PHNOM PENH, Cambodia – The U.S. Embassy in Phnom Penh announced the arrival today in Cambodia of the first batch of what will be 1,060,100 total doses of Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine – a donation from the people of the United States to the people of Cambodia. The remainder are expected to arrive Monday, Aug. 2. With this contribution, the United States reaffirms its longstanding commitment to the public health of the Cambodian people, one that has never been clearer than during the global pandemic. These vaccines, which will protect fully more than one million Cambodians, are part of President Biden’s initial pledge to distribute 80 million vaccine doses globally. The Johnson & Johnson vaccine doses have been delivered to the Cambodian people through the COVAX global vaccine initiative, in partnership with UNICEF and the WHO.

“The best protection against COVID-19 is to be fully vaccinated,” said U.S. Ambassador W. Patrick Murphy. “We are proud to help Cambodia ensure the health of its citizens and keep its economic future bright with the donation of these vaccines, which adds to technical and material public health and economic assistance the United States has provided to the Kingdom throughout the pandemic.”

The United States has committed $4 billion to COVAX, making it the single largest contributor to the international response to COVID-19. In Cambodia, the United States has provided more than $11 million in supplemental assistance since the pandemic first broke out. Through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), U.S. support has reached more than ten million Cambodians with risk communication materials via television, social media, radio, SMS messaging, and billboards. The support has also improved laboratory capacity, strengthened healthcare workers’ skills, and helped to mitigate the economic impact of the pandemic for vulnerable populations.

Other U.S. agencies in Cambodia, including the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC), National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Navy, and U.S. Department of State, have provided critical technical assistance throughout the pandemic, supporting surveillance, contract tracing, capacity, and research to stem the spread of COVID-19.

These efforts build on decades of U.S. leadership and life-saving work in tackling global health crises. Since 1992, the United States has invested more than $377 million in assistance in Cambodia to address infant and maternal mortality, malaria, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, and stunting, improve hygiene and nutrition, and strengthen Cambodia’s ability to finance and manage logistics and information for its health system.

Full Story

World: Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19): Weekly Epidemiological Update (3 August 2021)

Tue, 03 Aug 2021 23:59:47 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Country: World
Source: World Health Organization

Please refer to the attached file.

Global overview Data as of 1 August 2021

The global number of new cases has been increasing for more than a month, with over 4 million cases reported in the past week (26 July to 1 August 2021) (Figure 1). This increasing trend is largely attributed to substantial increases in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Western Pacific Regions which reported 37% and 33% increases respectively as compared to the previous week, while the South-East Asia Region reported a 9% increase (Table 1); the other three Regions reported similar weekly case incidence or a slight decrease as compared to the previous week. Overall, the number of deaths reported this week decreased by 8% as compared to the previous week, with over 64 000 deaths reported. However, the Western Pacific and Eastern Mediterranean Regions showed a sharp increase in new deaths as compared to the previous week, reporting 48% and 31% increases, respectively. The other four Regions reported a similar number of weekly deaths as compared to the previous week, with the exception of the Region of the Americas which reported a 29% decrease. The cumulative number of cases reported globally is now nearly 197 million and the number of cumulative deaths is 4.2 million. If these trends continue, the cumulative number of cases reported globally could exceed 200 million by next week.

Full Story

La MINUSMA réaffirme son engagement auprès des Maliens pour le succès de la transition

Tue, 03 Aug 2021 23:31:30 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Country: Mali
Source: UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali

Please refer to the attached file.

Le Représentant spécial du Secrétaire général des Nations unies et Chef de la Mission multidimensionnelle intégrée des Nations unies pour la stabilisation au Mali (MINUSMA) prend note de la présentation, le 30 juillet 2021, par le Premier ministre Choguel Maïga du Plan d’action du gouvernement et de l’adoption dudit Plan par le Conseil national de Transition, le 2 ao슩t.

Le Représentant spécial se félicite de la réaffirmation par le Gouvernement de son engagement à conclure la Transition dans les délais prévus, avec les élections devant avoir lieu en février 2022. Il relève également l’engagement du Gouvernement à continuer à œuvrer à la mise en œuvre de l’Accord pour la paix et la réconciliation issu du Processus d’Alger de manière consensuelle et inclusive, ainsi que de sa volonté de favoriser la stabilisation du Centre du pays.

Le Représentant spécial souligne la détermination de la MINUSMA, dans le cadre de son mandat et des priorités stratégiques fixées par le Conseil de sécurité dans sa résolution 2485 du 29 juin 2021, à continuer à travailler étroitement avec les autorités de la Transition et les autres acteurs concernés pour faciliter la restauration de la paix, de la sécurité et de la stabilité.

Full Story