ReliefWeb - Updates

ReliefWeb - Updates

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ReliefWeb - Updates

Philippines: DSWD DROMIC Terminal Report on the Armed Conflict in Brgy. Pusao, Shariff Saydona Mustapha, Maguindanao, 22 July 2020, 6PM

Mon, 26 Oct 2020 04:15:28 +0000

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Country: Philippines
Source: Government of the Philippines

Please refer to the attached file.

This is the final report on the armed conflict that transpired between BIFF/ISIS and the Philippine Army (PA) in Brgy. Pusao, Shariff Saydona Mustapha, Maguindanao on 24 November 2019 at 4:23 AM which resulted to the displacement of families and individuals in the area.

Source: DSWD-FO XII

SUMMARY

I. Status of Affected Families / Persons

8,735 families or 43,675 persons were affected by the armed conflict in 13 barangays in Maguindanao (see Table 1).

II. Status of Displaced Families / Persons

a. Inside Evacuation Center

6,406 families or 32,030 persons took temporary shelter in 26 evacuation centers in Maguindanao (see Table 2).

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Philippines: DSWD DROMIC Terminal Report on the Armed Conflict in Brgy. Tumbras, Midsayap, North Cotabato, 20 July 2020, 6PM

Mon, 26 Oct 2020 04:04:14 +0000

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Country: Philippines
Source: Government of the Philippines

Please refer to the attached file.

SUMMARY

This is the final report on the armed conflict incident that occurred in Brgy. Tumbras, Midsayap, North Cotabato on 23 October 2019.

Source: DSWD-FO XII

I. Status of Affected Families / Persons

There were 495 families or 2,475 persons affected by the armed conflict in Brgy. Tumbras, Midsayap, North Cotabato (see Table 1)

II. Status of Displaced Families / Persons

A total of 495 families or 2,475 persons have temporarily stayed inside two (2) evacuation centers in Brgy. Tumbras, Midsayap, North Cotabato (see Table 2).

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Philippines: DSWD DROMIC Terminal Report on the Social Disorganization in Brgy. Dungguan, Datu Montawal, Maguindanao, 23 July 2020, 6PM

Mon, 26 Oct 2020 03:57:12 +0000

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Country: Philippines
Source: Government of the Philippines

Please refer to the attached file.

This is the final report on the social disorganization that transpired in Brgy. Dungguan, Datu Montawal, Maguindanao on 12 October 2019 at around 8 AM wherein a firefight started between two (2) unidentified groups of civilians in the said barangay.

Source: DSWD-FO XII

SUMMARY

I. Status of Affected Families / Persons

A total of 728 families or 3,640 persons were affected by the social disorganization in Brgy. Dungguan, Datu Montawal, Maguindanao (see Table 1).

II. Status of Displaced Families / Individuals

728 families or 3,640 persons took temporary shelter in three (3) evacuation centers (see Table 2). These families have already returned home.

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Philippines: DSWD DROMIC Terminal Report on the Displacement due to Military Operations in Shariff Saydona Mustapha, Maguindanao, 22 July 2020, 6PM

Mon, 26 Oct 2020 03:52:38 +0000

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Country: Philippines
Source: Government of the Philippines

Please refer to the attached file.

This is the final report on the displacement that occurred due to military operations in Shariff Saydona Mustapha, Maguindanao on 25 July 2019 at around 3 PM.

Source: DSWD-FO XII

SUMMARY

I. Status of Affected Families / Persons

2,103 Families or 10,515 persons were affected in Pikit, North Cotabato (see Table 1).

II. Status of Displaced Families / Persons

a. Inside Evacuation Center

1,274 Families or 6,370 persons took temporary shelter in 6 evacuation centers in North Cotabato and Maguindanao (see Table 2).

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2018 Progress Report: Lao PDR - United Nations Partnership Framework 2017-2021, A Partnership for Sustainable Development [EN/LO]

Mon, 26 Oct 2020 03:25:28 +0000

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Country: Lao People's Democratic Republic (the)
Source: UN Country Team in Laos

Please refer to the attached files.

Introduction

Lao PDR reached a number of important development milestones in 2018. It passed the thresholds for Gross National Income (GNI) per capita and the Human Assets Index at the Committee for Development Policy’s Review on 12-16 March, thus becoming eligible for Least Developed Country graduation for the first time. Lao PDR came close to passing the third criterion, the Economic Vulnerability Index. To graduate from Least Developed Country status, the graduation threshold must be met for two of the three criteria in two consecutive triennial reviews. If it sustains its current progress until the 2021 review, Lao PDR will be recommended to graduate in 2024, following a three year transition period.

Having reached the mid-way point of the national planning cycle, the Government conducted a midterm review of the 8th National Socio-Economic Development Plan (2016-2020) and of several sectors. As a trusted partner, the Government requested the UN to provide lead support and coordinate development partners in conducting the review. Based on inputs from the Sector Working Groups, the mid-term review took stock of progress achieved since 2016 and provided recommendations for the way forward. It thus served as the basis for the high-level policy dialogue between the Government and development partners at the Round Table Meeting on 4-5 December and as the starting point for the development of the 9th National Socio-Economic Development Plan (2021-2025), for which UN technical assistance has again been requested by the Government.

Given its high level of commitment, Lao PDR also continued to make significant progress on the localization of the global Sustainable Development Goals, presenting its first Voluntary National Review to the UN High-Level Political Forum in New York in July. A comprehensive list of sustainable development indicators is expected to be adopted by the Government in the coming year. 2019 will be particularly critical to promote the mainstreaming of the Sustainable Development Goals. In addition to the development of the 9th National Socio-Economic Development Plan, the sectoral strategies for the next national planning cycle are being rolled out.

The Lao Social Indicator Survey II informed the analyses in the above documents. It showed that important progress has been made in several areas of wellbeing, such as child mortality, stunting, skilled birth attendance, water and sanitation coverage, primary education attendance, and to some extent in reducing violence against children. However, disparities persist between households from different geographical regions, rural and urban areas, households with different wealth and education level of mothers, and between ethnic groups. With strengthening the rule of law one of the top national priorities, the National Assembly has played an increasingly important role in enhancing Government accountability, including that of state-owned enterprises. The Government remained committed to promoting transparency and combatting corruption. The Government, together with UN, European Union and Australia, celebrated the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on 10 December.

Throughout the year, Lao PDR had submitted reports on three core Human Rights Conventions, and thus interacted with three treaty bodies: the Committee on Civil and Political Rights in June; the Child Rights Committee in September; and the Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, also in September. The Special Rapporteur on the sale and sexual exploitation of children has visited Lao PDR in 2017 and noticed that Laos has made good progress on child protection but must do more to tackle a range of problems including child trafficking, forced marriage, prostitution, online sexual abuse, and sexual exploitation by travelers. In March 2019, the Special Rapporteur on Extreme Poverty and Human Rights also visited Laos and presented recommendations towards alleviating extreme poverty.

The Lao PDR has been severely affected by floods. Between July and September, Lao PDR experienced widespread floods that significantly affected its people and economy across all provinces. On 23–24 July, a breach in the Xe Pien-Xe Nam Noy hydropower saddle dam caused an unprecedented flash flood in Attapeu Province, inundating an estimated 55,000 hectares of land, covering it with mud and sludge.

Less than one month later, on 16-18 August, Tropical Storm Bebinca also affected the northern part of the Lao PDR. The Government-led Post-Disaster Needs Assessment - which took stock of damages and losses across productive, infrastructure, social and crosscutting sectors - estimated damages at US$ 147 million and losses at US$ 225 million. Recovery needs across all sectors were estimated at over US$ 520 million. The assessment also includes a Disaster Recovery Framework which outlines the way forward for policy, institutional, finance and implementation of the recovery efforts.

GDP growth is expected to reach 6.5 percent in 2018, vis-à-vis a target of 7 percent, and vis-à-vis growth of 6.9 percent in 2017 and 7 percent in 2016. Growth was driven mainly by the industry and service sectors, in particular wholesale trading and construction. Growth of agriculture, mining and tourism - despite the ‘Visit Lao Year 2018’ initiative - remained below expectations. Main challenges to the economy include low productivity, limited law enforcement and inadequate human resources that cannot meet the economy’s demand. Despite overall growth, wealth is increasingly distributed unequally. With revenue collection remaining a challenge, the flood emergency between July and September, and most of the budget allocated to recurring costs such as staff salaries and pensions, fiscal space is further shrinking and the risk to debt sustainability has been reclassified as high by the IMF. Only a limited number of new Government-funded investment projects have therefore been approved through the Public Investment Programme as of early 2019, further increasing the importance of international development cooperation. Hydropower and mineral exports are expected to increase in 2019, which may contribute to a narrowing of the budget gap. The deficit is estimated at 5.7 percent of GDP in 2018.

Within this context and given the importance of improving the private sector environment, the Government endorsed the amended Law on Investment Promotion and established an Investment Management Committee chaired by the Deputy Prime Minister. A further initiative included the creation of a One-Stop-Service Office under the Investment Promotion Department of the Ministry of Planning and Investment. These are all steps to support SME development, especially through streamlining business start-up procedures. Despite these measures, Lao PDR has further dropped on the World Bank’s 2018 Ease of Doing Business Index to #154 of 190 countries, down from #141 in 2017 and #134 in 2016. Similar to previous years, in 2018 the UN System in Lao PDR - including agencies operating from regional offices and headquarters - commutatively delivered around US$ 70 million in programming. The support of national agencies, as well as international partners such as Australia, Canada, China, the European Union, Ireland, France, Germany, Japan, Republic of Korea, Luxembourg, New Zealand, Switzerland, United States and many others, has been crucial for the partnership between Lao PDR and the UN, which remained first and foremost a provider of technical cooperation and a facilitator of policy dialogue.

This report covers key development trends and results achieved under the Lao PDR – UN Partnership Framework (2017 – 2021), as well as lessons learned and consideration of options for the way forward. It also reports on progress on communications and common business operations and includes an indicative financial overview.

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Ukraine: EU and UNDP provide monitors to control conditions of the health of patients

Mon, 26 Oct 2020 02:49:55 +0000

Country: Ukraine
Source: UN Development Programme

With the help of the monitors, doctors from Donetsk Oblast will be able to monitor and respond more quickly to changes in the condition of patients undergoing treatment

Kramatorsk, Donetsk Oblast, 23 October 2020 --- The European Union and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Ukraine have donated 10 patient monitors to the Regional Perinatal Centre and City Hospital №3 in Kramatorsk to aid the more effective monitoring of patients during the COVID-19 pandemic.

A patient monitor is a medical device used to monitor the condition of patients, including those who have just been operated on, and seriously ill patients who are receiving inpatient care or have been admitted in intensive care units in medical institutions, and who require constant medical care and support.

The coordinator of the Local Governance and Decentralisation Reform Component of the UN Recovery and Peacebuilding Programme, Olena Ruditch, said that amid the COVID-19 pandemic, pressure on the health care system and the demand for emergency medical care has been constantly growing.

"We're working to ensure that health facilities are fully equipped to provide quality care and enable doctors, nurses, medical technicians and hospital staff to respond as quickly as possible to critical changes through patient monitoring," she said.

The 15-inch patient monitors are equipped with a wide range of functions for monitoring the condition of patients of all ages --- from infants and children, to adults and the elderly. In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, patient monitoring technology not only provides ongoing vital physiological monitoring around the clock, but also allows physicians to monitor patients' condition and respond in a timely manner to any sudden changes.

Olena Katalnykova, the head of City Hospital №3 of the Kramatorsk City Council, thanked the donors for the international technical support and equipment. "These bedside monitors will allow us to dynamically assess the patient's condition, quickly adapt drug treatments, and start intensive care measures effectively," she added.

The transfer of the patient monitors, together worth U.S. $37,200, was carried out under the UN Recovery and Peacebuilding Programme with financial support from the European Union.

Background

The United Nations Recovery and Peacebuilding Programme (UN RPP) is being implemented by four United Nations agencies: the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

Thirteen international partners support the Programme: the European Union (EU), the European Investment Bank (EIB), the U.S. Embassy in Ukraine, and the governments of Canada, Denmark, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK.

Media enquiries

Maksym Kytsiuk, Communications Associate, the UN Recovery and Peacebuilding Programme, maksym.kytsiuk@undp.org, +380 63 576 1839

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Kenya: Saving Cows – and Livelihoods – from the Deadly Threat of Lumpy Skin Disease

Mon, 26 Oct 2020 02:46:12 +0000

Country: Kenya
Source: Action Against Hunger USA

By:**Paul Otieno,**
Action Against Hunger,
Kenya

A few months before COVID-19 grounded most of the economic activities in Kenya, communities in the arid areas of the country were worried about another virus: Lumpy Skin Disease. The disease killed as many as 8,000 cattle in West Pokot County, where livestock are the primary sources of income and food for many families.

Farmers were heartbroken, and many were shaken by the sudden loss of income. Some men, devastated by what they lost, left their homes for a time to mourn.

“When our livestock die in our community, we feel like we have lost people,” says one farmer named Solomon Chepkobol, who lost five bulls to Lumpy Skin Disease, costing him about $3,000.

In addition to the spread of Lumpy Skin Disease, West Pokot has recently seen outbreaks of two other livestock diseases, Foot and Mouth Disease and Black Quarter, which affects sheep and cattle. Frequent flooding in West Pokot and other regions also puts livestock at greater risk for infectious diseases and poor health. With few veterinarians in the expansive county, many farmers have had to devise their own means of surviving.

“We had never seen something like this,” said one farmer. “We often treat the cows ourselves and only call the veterinary officers when the cow does not get better.”

The cattle did not recover from the virus on their own: the animals stopped eating, hideous wounds broke on their hides, and many died. Families, especially those with young children, suffered when, suddenly, there was no milk to drink.

With support and supplies from our partners, Action Against Hunger helped to vaccinate hundreds of thousands of caws and supported animal health workers in the area, even as our teams continued to support vulnerable communities affected by climate shocks including floods and drought. Our teams also supported and facilitated educational visits to the communities by veterinarians, where they taught farmers new techniques to nurse the cows back to health and to prevent the spread of disease.

Dr. James Merisya, Director of Veterinary Services for West Pokot County, and his team helped to vaccinate more than 100,000 cows with support from Action Against Hunger, the UN’s Food and Agriculture Association (FAO), and USAID’s Office of American Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA).

According to Dr. Merisya, Action Against Hunger’s intervention was a “saving grace, a very bright light in a tunnel that was very dark” because the county did not have enough money to procure vaccines or pay for community visits. “A ‘thank you’ is not enough to people who have helped us serve our people when we were overwhelmed as a county.”

“If it were not for the people from Action Against Hunger, FAO, and the county, I would have lost my entire herd. They vaccinated and treated my cows,” says Solomon. “I am praying for them, to live long and never be poor.”

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Indonesia, Flooding in Mentawai Island, West Sumatera Province (13:01 Oct 23 2020)

Mon, 26 Oct 2020 02:44:49 +0000

Country: Indonesia
Source: ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance

Description

Location:

Prov. West Sumatra

Regency. Kep. Mentawai

Kec. South Sipora

Ds. Bosua

Dsn. Sao

Impact:

  • 65 affected families

  • 12 families fled to relatives' homes

Material Disadvantages:

  • 65 houses were submerged

  • TMA 40-70 cm

Chronological:

  • Due to high intensity rain resulting in flooding on Thursday, 22 October 2020, Pkl. 16.00 WIB

Effort:

  • TRC BPBD Mentawai Island conducts rapid assessments and coordinates with related agencies

  • BPBD Mentawai Island distributes aid to affected victims

Urgent needs:

  • Mat

  • Blankets

  • Mineral water

  • Food needs

State of the art:

Friday, 23/10/2020, PKl. 09.30 WIB

  • The weather is cloudy and sunny

  • Flood has receded

  • Refugees have returned to their homes

Source: BPBD Kab. Kep. Mentawai Bpk. Amir Head of Pusdalops

Thus the UMP

Pusdalops BNPB

CC. Eschelon I BNPB

Additional Data

Country: Indonesia

Affected Area / Region: Mentawai Island, West Sumatera Province

Casualties

Affected Families: 65

Affected Persons: 325

Displaced Persons: 60

Damages

Damaged houses: 60Access to early warning: Yes

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Indonesia, Flooding in West Kotawaringin, Central Kalimantan Province (13:20 Oct 23 2020)

Mon, 26 Oct 2020 02:42:39 +0000

Country: Indonesia
Source: ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance

Description

Caused :

  • Due to the heavy rain and the Arut watershed was overflowed on Wednesday, 21 October 2020 at 08:00 AM

Impact :

  • 87 affected families

Material Disadvantages:

  • 87 housing units submerged with TMA reaching 30-50 cm

Updated situation:

Thursday, 22/10/2020, Pkl. 19.30 WIB,

  • light intensity rain

  • Floods still inundate the residential areas with a TMA 30-50 cm

Thus.

BNPB Pusdalops Picket Officer

CC Ess.I BNPB

Additional Data

Country: Indonesia

Affected Area / Region: West Kotawaringin, Central Kalimantan Province

Casualties

Affected Families: 87

Affected Persons: 435

Damages

Damaged houses: 87Access to early warning: Yes

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Indonesia, Flooding in Bekasi Regency, West Java (08:17 Oct 24 2020)

Mon, 26 Oct 2020 02:41:03 +0000

Country: Indonesia
Source: ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance

Description

Floods in the City. Bekasi, Prov. West Java

Fatalities :

  • Refugees:

  • BNPB PGP Jatiasih Warehouse (106 People)

  • RW 08, Ex. Bekasi Jaya, (79 families)

  • Affected: 533 families

Material Disadvantages:

  • 468 Submerged Houses

  • 1 mosque unit affected

  • TMA 30-150 cm

Chronological:

  • Rain that flushed in the district. Bogor from noon to evening, causes an increase in water level in the Upper Cileungsi area, which ends in the Bekasi river on Saturday, October 24, 2020, at. 24.00 WIB

Advanced Condition:

  • The flood had receded on Sunday, 25 October 2020 at. 16.00 WIB

Source:

  • Pusdalops BPBD Bekasi City

Additional Data

Country: Indonesia

Affected Area / Region: Bekasi Regency, Indonesia

Casualties

Affected Families: 533

Affected Persons: 2665

Displaced Persons: 501

Damages

Damaged houses: 468Damaged public buildings / facilities: 1 mosque

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Indonesia, Flooding in Depok City, West Java (16:30 Oct 24 2020)

Mon, 26 Oct 2020 02:39:03 +0000

Country: Indonesia
Source: ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance

Description

Floods in Depok City, Prov. West Java

Location:

Depok City

Kec. Pancoran Mas

Ex. Rangkap Jaya Baru

Marine Complex

Kec. Sawangan

Ex. Sawangan Baru

Casualties: Nil

* Material Loss *: ± 1000 housing units were submerged in 2 RWs

Chronology:

  • Rain with high intensity in the City of Bogor, Kab. Bogor and Depok City and poor drainage caused the river to overflow through Depok City in the West region on Saturday, October 24, 2020, Pkl. 16.30 WIB

  • Has not been rebuilt embankments that were damaged in the previous flood and poor drainage

Effort :

  • Damkar PB Kota Depok directly visited the location to collect data

  • Damkar PB Depok City carried out the evacuation of residents who were affected and threatened

  • Alert on location in case of heavy rain again upstream

  • The team consists of 20 personnel, 4 rubber boats, 2 command units

  • Constraints: There are many narrow alleys that are not accessible to rubber boats

Advanced Condition:

  • The flood had receded on Sunday, 25 October 2020 at 01.15 WIB

Source: Head of PB Damkar, Depok City, Bpk. Denny

Additional Data

Country: Indonesia

Affected Area / Region: Depok City, West Java

Casualties

Affected Families: 1000

Affected Persons: 5000

Damages

Damaged houses: 1000

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Philippines: DSWD DROMIC Report #4 on the Flashflood Incident in Kabacan and Pikit, North Cotabato as of 23 October 2020, 6PM

Mon, 26 Oct 2020 02:32:38 +0000

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Country: Philippines
Source: Government of the Philippines

Please refer to the attached file.

SUMMARY

On 14 October 2020 at around 11:00AM, a flashflood incident occurred in Barangays in Kabacan and Pikit, North Cotabato due to heavy rains brought by the trough of Tropical Depression “Ofel”.

I. Status of Affected Families / Persons

A total of 24,232 families or 121,160 persons were affected by the flashflood incident in 38 barangays in Kabacan and Pikit, North Cotabato.

II. Status of Displaced Families / Persons

a. Inside Evacuation Center

There are 720 families or 3,600 persons currently taking temporary shelter in 2 Evacuation Centers in Kabacan, North Cotabato.

b. Outside Evacuation Center

There are 117 families or 585 persons temporarily staying with their relatives and/or friends

III. Assistance Provided

A total of ₱3,916,595.92 worth of assistance was provided to the affected families; of which, ₱1,408,205.00 from DSWD and ₱2,508,390.92 from LGUs.

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Memorandum on Myanmar’s democratic transition: challenges and way forward (A/75/518)

Mon, 26 Oct 2020 02:11:30 +0000

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Countries: Bangladesh, Myanmar
Source: UN General Assembly

Please refer to the attached file.

Seventy-fifth session Agenda item 72 (c)
Promotion and protection of human rights: human rights situations and reports of special rapporteurs and representatives

1. Introduction

It has been over four years since the first elected civilian government of the National League for Democracy Party took over state responsibilities in Myanmar which marked the end of over five decades of military rule. However, this is only the beginning of a long journey towards a fully democratic nation that the people of Myanmar have for so long been aspired to and strived for. As a country undergoing democratic transition, Myanmar is still tackling numerous daunting challenges, including the continuing decades-long ethnic armed conflicts, the old and new complex issues in Rakhine State, and the recent devastating impact of COVID-19 global pandemic.

Over the past four years, the Government has made an all-out effort within the space permitted by the 2008 Constitution to fulfill the people’s dream of enjoying their inherent rights to live in peace and security, with fundamental freedoms, and development. There are significant improvements in the life of the people, in the governance and nation building. The people of Myanmar have started to witness the fruit of democracy and rule of law.

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Myanmar: Department of Meteorology and Hydrology: Flood Warning (Issued at 12:00 hrs M.S.T on 25-10-2020)

Mon, 26 Oct 2020 02:07:40 +0000

Country: Myanmar
Source: Government of Myanmar

According to the (11:30) hrs M.S.T observation today, the water level of Chindwin River at Kalewa is observed as about (5½) feet below its danger level. It may reach its danger level during the next (2) days.

According to the (11:30) hrs M.S.T observation today, the water level of Chindwin River at Minkin is observed as about (5) feet below its danger level. It may reach its danger level during the next (2) days.

According to the (11:30) hrs M.S.T observation today, the water level of Chindwin River at Kani is observed as about (9½) feet below its danger level. It may reach its danger level during the next (3) days.

According to the (11:30) hrs M.S.T observation today, the water level of Chindwin River at Monywa is observed as about (6) feet below its danger level. It may reach its danger level during the next (2) days.

It is especially advised to the people who settle near the river banks and low lying areas at Kalewa, Minkin, Kani and Monywa Townships to take precaution measure.

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Lebanon: Beirut Port Explosions: Food Security Sector Partners Presence* (as of 15 October 2020)

Mon, 26 Oct 2020 01:30:37 +0000

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Country: Lebanon
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

Please refer to the attached Infographic.

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Lebanon: Beirut Port Explosions: WASH Sector Partners Presence* (as of 15 October 2020)

Mon, 26 Oct 2020 01:26:42 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Country: Lebanon
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

Please refer to the attached Infographic.

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Colombia: Confinamiento en el municipio de Murindó (Antioquia) - Flash Update No.1 (25/10/2020)

Mon, 26 Oct 2020 01:21:41 +0000

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Country: Colombia
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

Please refer to the attached file.

Este documento fue elaborado por OCHA, con información suministrada por socios del Equipo Local de Coordinación (ELC) Antioquia y otras contrapartes locales.

SITUACIÓN GENERAL

Actualmente en zona rural del municipio de Murindó se registra el confinamiento de al menos 2.179 personas de 11 comunidades indígenas de los resguardos Rio Murindó y Rio Chageradó, pertenecientes a siete veredas (Canal, Murindó viejo, No hay como Dios, Bartolo, Legiada, Berbarameño y Primavera). El confinamiento se refleja en la afectación por restricciones a la movilidad y la suspensión de las actividades de sustento de estas comunidades, como son la pesca y la caza, y ante el temor de los hechos de violencia armada perpetrados por Grupos Armados Organizados (GAO) y Grupos Delictivos Organizados (GDO). Entre las acciones de violencia armada identificadas se encuentran ataques contra población civil (amenazas, homicidios) y la contaminación con minas antipersonal (MAP). La Alerta Temprana No. 064 de 2018 emitida por la Defensoría del Pueblo, había advertido este escenario.

Estos hechos se dan en el marco de las disputas por el control del territorio entre los diferentes grupos armados que hacen presencia en la zona, estigmatización de las comunidades por parte de estos, combates entre el ejército con los GAO, casos de reclutamiento de menores y accidentes con MAP. Muestra de ello fue el accidente de una niña emberá de 16 años reclutada, quien en mayo fue obligada a instalar una mina antipersonal y perdió sus manos y la visión de un ojo debido a la activación de la mina.

Según el censo realizado por la Unidad para la Atención y Reparación Integral a las Víctimas (UARIV), a la fecha se identifican al menos 2.179 personas (492 familias) confinadas, cifra que aumentó en relación con el reporte de la Defensoría del Pueblo en agosto de 2019, cuando informó que al menos 1.852 personas que hacen parte de dos resguardos indígenas de la etnia Emberá Eyábida en el río Murindó se encontraban con restricciones en la movilidad (Ver Tablas No. 1 y 2).

En septiembre se reportaron otras afectaciones en el equipamiento exterior de la escuela que brinda servicio a los niños de la comunidad por causa de un combate en los espacios comunitarios del resguardo de Islas, poniendo en riesgo la seguridad de la comunidad que quedó atrapada en medio del fuego cruzado. Así mismo, una misión humanitaria que se transportaba por vía aérea y que iba a dar respuesta a los resguardos de Islas, Coredó y Bachidubi (el acceso es únicamente por vía aérea o fluvial), tuvo que cambiar la acción de respuesta debido a que la alcaldía de Murindó alertó sobre la amenaza de un GAO en derribar vehículos aéreos que circularan por las veredas.

Vale la pena resaltar que, desde 2019 se tiene conocimiento sobre diferentes situaciones de confinamiento en las comunidades indígenas de los resguardos del Rio Murindó y Rio Chageradó en el municipio de Murindó por las causas mencionadas, además de alertas emitidas por parte de la Defensoría del Pueblo y la Organización Indígena de Antioquia (OIA)8 sobre posibles confinamientos de comunidades indígenas en Murindó y otros municipios de Antioquia como Dabeiba, Frontino y Urrao.

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Bangladesh: Polio networks bolster pandemic response in WHO South-East Asia Region

Mon, 26 Oct 2020 01:10:10 +0000

Countries: Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal
Source: World Health Organization

SEAR/PR/1746

New Delhi - Applying strategies from polio eradication programme, polio networks in WHO South-East Asia Region are helping strengthen core public health response measures to contain the COVID-19 pandemic.

“Within weeks of the COVID-19 outbreak, the integrated surveillance and immunization networks in five polio priority countries of the Region were re-purposed to support preparedness and response. Working among the most vulnerable population and areas, these networks are helping health authorities to detect, test, track, isolate and even prepare hospitals to provide adequate and timely treatment,” said Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director WHO South-East Asia.

From assisting coordination at the national and sub-national levels, to training and building capacities for laboratory and other health workers for detecting cases, tracing contacts, and assessing public perceptions to hospital readiness and preparedness, the WHO’s polio surveillance networks in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Myanmar and Nepal, are supporting with strategies and initiatives, refined over the years and which helped the Region achieve polio-free certification in March 2014.

Using polio micro-plans, the surveillance medical officers’ team in India’s Uttar Pradesh state – the most populous state in the country – coordinated with the state government a massive initiative of house-to-house surveillance to identify people with symptoms of influenza-like illness and co-morbidities, covering 208 million people across all 75 districts in the state. The exercise conducted twice in the last three months, helped identify over 100 000 people with symptoms each time, who were then followed up and tested for COVID-19, the Regional Director said citing one of the many examples of the polio network’s support in India.

In Bangladesh, the polio surveillance network has trained 17,000 health workers and laboratory staff. It is also supporting training in infection prevention and control measures which will cover over 26 500 health workers across all districts and city corporations by month end.

COVID-19 has been integrated into surveillance for vaccine preventable diseases in Indonesia, where all polio laboratories are now testing for COVID-19.

In Myanmar, polio networks are providing critical operational support for timely shipping of COVID-19 samples from across the 17 states and regions to the National Health Laboratory in Yangon.

In Nepal, the network facilitated resumption of routine immunization services, the first essential service to be restored during the lockdown. The country became the first in the Region to conduct a measles and rubella vaccination campaign during the pandemic, covering nearly 980 000 children up to the age of five years. Restoration of essential services is one of the key strategies of COVID-19 response to minimize the overall health impact of the pandemic.

“These highly valuable resources continue to provide critical support to planning, operationalizing and even conducting key pandemic response initiatives, while also keep a strict vigil for the Region to remain polio-free,” Dr Khetrapal Singh said, lauding their efforts on the occasion of the World Polio Day observed on 24 October.

In the coming months, our polio networks, with their vast knowledge on vaccination and tools and strategies tailored to reach the unreached and the most vulnerable, could play a critical role for COVID-19 vaccination roll out.

Media Contacts
Shamila Sharma
Public Information and Advocacy Officer
WHO South-East Asia Regional Office
Mobile: +919818287256
Email: sharmasha@who.int

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Philippines: DSWD DROMIC Report #2 on Tropical Depression “Quinta” as of 25 October 2020, 6PM

Mon, 26 Oct 2020 01:01:17 +0000

Country: Philippines
Source: Government of the Philippines

Situation Overview

At 05:00 PM, 25 October 2020, "QUINTA" RAPIDLY INTENSIFIES INTO A TYPHOON AS IT ENDANGERS ALBAY-CAMARINES SUR AREA.

  • Track: "QUINTA" is forecast to continue moving generally westward until its landfall over eastern coast of Camarines Sur - northeastern coast of Albay between 6:00 and 8:00 PM today. Afterwards, it will traverse the Southern Luzon area until tomorrow afternoon, then turn west-northwestward over the West Philippine Sea. It is likely to exit the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) on Tuesday afternoon.

  • Intensity: "QUINTA" intensified into a typhoon at 2:00 PM today. After crossing the Philippine archipelago, this tropical cyclone will continue intensifying over the West Philippine Sea.

  • Rainfall: Today through tomorrow morning, "QUINTA" will bring moderate to heavy with at times intense rains over Bicol Region, CALABARZON, Aurora, Occidental Mindoro, Oriental Mindoro, Romblon, Marinduque, Calamian Islands, Northern Samar, Eastern Samar, Samar, Biliran, Aklan, Capiz, and Antique. The tail-end of a frontal system will likewise bring moderate to heavy with at times intense rains over Cagayan, Isabela, Apayao, and Ilocos Norte. These two weather systems will also bring light to moderate with at times heavy rains over Metro Manila and the rest of Luzon, Zamboanga Peninsula, Bangsamoro, Northern Mindanao, Caraga, and the rest of Visayas. Flooding (including flash floods), rain-induced landslides, and sediment-laden streamflows (i.e. lahars) may occur during heavy or prolonged rainfall especially in areas that are highly or very highly susceptible to these hazards. PAGASA Regional Services Divisions may issue local thunderstorm/rainfall advisories and heavy rainfall warnings as appropriate.

  • Strong winds: Typhoon-force winds will be experienced in areas under Tropical Cyclone Wind Signal (TCWS) #3, storm-force winds in areas under TCWS #2, and strong breeze to near gale conditions in areas under TCWS #1. Potential impacts of these wind conditions to structures and vegetation are detailed in the TCWS section of this bulletin. In other areas, strong breeze to gale conditions will also prevail over Batanes, Babuyan Islands, and the northern coastal areas of Ilocos Norte and mainland Cagayan due to the northeasterly surge.

At 4:00 PM today, the center of Tropical Depression "QUINTA" was estimated based on all available data at 610 km East of Juban, Sorsogon (13.2 °N, 129.6 °E )

Source: DOST-PAGASA Severe Weather Bulletin

I. Status of Affected Families / Persons

A total of 21 families or 105 persons were affected in 1 Brgy. in Cabanatuan, Nueva Ecija (see Table 1)

II. Status of Displaced Families / Inside Evacuation Centers

A total of 42 families or 210 persons are taking temporary shelter at the Lazaro Francisco Integrated School (see Table 2)

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Young people in Niger explore different forms of agriculture for a better future

Mon, 26 Oct 2020 00:53:21 +0000

Country: Niger
Source: Int'l Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics

Over 150 rural youth in Niger joined an entrepreneur incubation program, participating in their first practical training in integrated pest management (e.g. insect rearing), market gardening, fruit tree nurseries and smart compost production. Equipped with these different options of engaging in farm work and supported by resources and information, the young women and men are now ready to embark on income-generating agricultural enterprises for a better future.

With 50% of its population under the age of 15 and 70% under 25, Niger has one of the youngest populations in the world. Young people have great potential as an engine of economic growth through their participation in labor markets and also as consumers. However, their participation in agricultural production has suffered in recent years, especially in rural areas. Despite the opportunities for rapid growth in this sector (more people to feed), many rural youth migrate to cities and neighboring countries in search of jobs.

In 2019, a USAID-funded project, the Development Food Security Assistance program (DFSA/GIRMA) of Catholic Relief Services (CRS), was initiated to improve and sustain food and nutrition security and resilience among poor households. Also, it aimed to develop youth agricultural entrepreneurship in the region of Zinder in Niger. A consortium was established with different partners such as ICRISAT, the NGO Education Development Center (EDC), and Community Development Assistance (ADC). While EDC and ADC selected youth and trained them on agricultural business management, ICRISAT was in charge of providing them professional qualification.

This year, during 2 – 17 July, and 29 August – 1 September, 39 youth were trained on different aspects of agrobusiness at ICRISAT’s incubation center in Sadoré.

  • Fruit trees nursery: Nine participants got trained on how to set up and maintain a fruit tree nursery, including nursery implementation, preparation of substrate, pre-treatment of seeds, production of rootstocks, tree grafts collection, in situ grafting of adult plants and more. After the training session they were provided kits consisting of shovels, logs, gloves, shears etc. ICRISAT has constructed a 100 m2 nursery unit with 10,000 fruit trees capacity in each of the nine villages (Doungas 1 and 2, Bangaza, Katchibare, Gayi, Wacha, Bekori, Bandé and Maidamoussa) respectively for the nine participants.
  • Integrated Pest Management*:* Five participants were trained on rearing beneficial insects as part of a biological control business to supply farmers with parasitoid wasps to control pearl millet insect pests in the region. They also learnt about producing biopesticides from neem leaves and grains, and spraying techniques for protection of legumes and vegetable crops. After the training session, each of the participants received equipment to help them start the business.
  • Smart compost production: In another session, 14 youth gained knowledge of traditional and modern composting practices. The training on traditional composting covered the different types of pit dimensions, inputs (biomass, ash, water etc.) and mixing and turning methods. Training on the modern composting practices (aerobic water vapor composting) focused on installation and operation methods. The kit for participants of this training included a wheelbarrow, shovels, fork etc. In addition, an aerobic water vapor composting unit was installed in each of the 14 villages of the participants.
  • Market gardening: Six young women and five men were trained in ‘market gardening’. Their training entailed nursery preparation, seed collection, germination tests, sowing techniques, neem-based biopesticide preparation etc. They also received starter kits for their business ventures.
  • In addition to these sessions at Sadoré, ICRISAT also trained and equipped 80 youth as phytosanitary brigadiers and 40 youth as traditional compost producers. At the end of the training sessions, participants of the training were presented official certificates and kits for their new activities.
  • Dr Malick Ba, Country Representative, Niger; representatives from USAID, CRS, ADC, EDC, and the Ministry of Regional Planning and Community Development, and Chair of the GIRMA steering committee; were all present to encourage the youth and present them with their credentials.
  • Ms Mariama Diallo Aïtchedji, USAID representative, mentioned that GIRMA was part of USAID-funded food security development programs in Niger through its Humanitarian Assistance Office (BHA).
  • Mr Chris Hennemeyer, CRS Resident Representative, said, “This training fits perfectly with the objectives of the Project which aims to ensure food security through the empowerment of women and youth.”

Mr Elhadji Ibrahim Adamou, General Secretary, Ministry of Regional Planning and Community Development thanked the GIRMA project and its partners for providing effective professional assistance to the youth, and promoting rural entrepreneurship under the 3N initiative (Nigeriens Nourish Nigeriens) of the Republic of Niger.

About the authors:

**Dr Bouba Traore
**Innovations Systems for the Drylands
ICRISAT-WCA

**Mr Abdoussalam Ibrahima
**Scientific Officer
ICRISAT-Niger

**Dr Malick Ba
**Country Representative
ICRISAT-Niger

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