ReliefWeb - Updates

ReliefWeb - Updates

Descriptive text is not available for this image

ReliefWeb - Updates

World: Epidemic and emerging disease alerts in the Pacific as of 25 February 2020

Tue, 25 Feb 2020 05:58:01 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Countries: American Samoa, Australia, China, Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia (France), Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), New Zealand, Palau, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna (France), World
Source: Pacific Community

Highlights/updates since the last map was sent on PacNet on 17 February 2020


  • Kiribati: No new cases of measles have been reported since January 10th 2020 by the Kiribati Ministry of Health. The alert has been removed from the map.

  • New Zealand: There were no confirmed measles case reported for Week 8/2020, leaving the total to 2194 since 1 January 2019, with 774 (35.3 %) hospitalizations. - Source: ESR Measles weekly report Week 8: 15-21 February 2020 accessed on 24 February 2020.


  • DENV-2 in French Polynesia: As of 09/02/2020, 2647 local cases and 2 imported cases of dengue 2 have been confirmed since the beginning of 2019. – Source: Bulletin de surveillance sanitaire, week 5 and 6, sent on Pacnet on 20 February 2020.

  • DENV-3 in Palau: The number of weekly reported cases shows a decreasing trend since the beginning of this year 2020. The cumulative number of cases since December 2018 is 812. – Source: Dengue 3 Outbreak situation report, Palau, February 10 – 16, 2020.

  • DENV-3 in Republic of the Marshall Islands: There have been 2,826 dengue like illness of which 1,300 have been laboratory confirmed by the Republic of the Marshall Islands as of 16 February 2020. - Source: Dengue-3 Outbreak in Republic of the Marshall Islands Situation Report, 16 February 2020.

Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)

  • Pacific: No confirmed cases of COVID-19 have been reported in the Pacific Island Countries or Territories (PICTs) as of 25 February 2020.

  • Australia: As on 25 February 2020, we have 22 confirmed cases of coronavirus (COVID-19) in Australia: 8 in Queensland, 4 in New South Wales, 6 in Victoria, 3 in South Australia, 1 in Western Australia, 15 of these cases are reported to have recovered. The remaining cases are in a stable condition. – Source: Department of Health, Australian Government accessed on 25 February 2020

Outside of the Pacific

  • Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19): A total of 79,553 cases of novel coronavirus have been reported globally and 77,150 cases were reported from China. 2,628 deaths have been reported including 33 deaths outside of mainland China as of 25 February 2020. Confirmed cases have also been reported in 36 other countries. – Source: John Hopkins CSSE accessed on 25 February, 2020 at 14:00 pm.

  • Other updates and information on Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) can be accessed at WHO Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) situation reports and WHO Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) situation map.

Additional information of relevance (e.g. imported cases with travel history to Pacific Island countries and territories):

  • A case of measles with travel history to Philippines was reported by the Fiji Ministry of Health on 16th February 2020. – Source: Measles Media Release No. 23, Fiji Ministry of Health and Medical Services accessed on 25 February 2020

  • One (1) imported case of dengue serotype 1 (DENV-1) with travel history to Fiji was reported by New Zealand ESR (Institute of Environmental Science and Research Ltd) for the period 15/02/2020 – 21/02/2020.

  • Two (2) imported cases of dengue serotype 2 (DENV-2) and one (1) case of dengue serotype unknown with travel history to Tahiti (French Polynesia) was reported by New Zealand ESR (Institute of Environmental Science and Research Ltd) for the period 15/02/2020 – 21/02/2020.

  • One (1) imported case of dengue serotype unknown with travel history to Fiji was reported by Queensland Health (notifiable conditions data) for the period 01/01/2020 – 16/02/2020 available online.

  • One (1) imported case of dengue serotype 2 (DENV-2) with travel history to Solomon Islands was reported by Queensland Health (notifiable conditions data) for the period 01/01/2020 – 16/02/2020 available online.

Full Story

Nepal: Two-wheel tractors displace oxen in northern Makwanpur after 2015 quake

Tue, 25 Feb 2020 05:29:13 +0000

Country: Nepal
Source: The Kathmandu Post

A large number of cattle was buried under debris during the disaster.

Pratap Bista

Before the 2015 quake, most farmers in northern Makwanpur relied on oxen to plough their fields to grow fruits and vegetables. But, these days, the animals have been replaced by two-wheel tractors (also known as ‘hand tractors’ or ‘walking tractors).

As the devastating earthquake razed hundreds of sheds in the area, many oxen died trapped in the debris. Farmers had no option but to switch to tractors. That the operating cost of the machines is lower than that of cattle also sped up the transition.

There’s a lack of people who know how to plough with oxen, locals say. “Even farmers these days don’t know how to plough with oxen,” said Sanobhai Karki, the headmaster of a local secondary school in Thaha Municipality.

Sudarshan Bista, another resident of Thaha, also shares a similar experience. “Many oxen died in the 2015 quake. Since then, it’s hard to find oxen and people who can plough using them in the villages,” he said. “Nowadays, people use tractors.”

“It is [using tractors] easier and faster than using a pair of oxen,” said Bista, adding that a tractor can plough a field in a single day while the oxen take two to three days for the same.

It also became easier for the farmers to buy tractors after two government projects started distributing the machines at a discounted price. The then Agriculture Development Office distributed more than 100 units to farmers under a grant after the quake. Similarly, the Prime Minister Agriculture Modernisation Project Implementation Unit distributed 105 tractors to farmers in the last three years.

“We haven’t been able to meet the demand for hand tractors,” said Maheshwor Lamichhane, an official at the Prime Minister Agriculture Modernisation Project Implementation Unit.

Resham Bahadur Thing, a farmer from Indrasarobar Rural Municipality, sold a pair of oxen to a farmer in Chhaimale in Kathmandu. “I then bought a hand tractor from the Prime Minister Agriculture Modernisation Project Implementation Unit for 50 percent of the price,” he said.

Full Story

Nepal: Local units in Achham establish funds for disaster risk reduction

Tue, 25 Feb 2020 04:29:36 +0000

Country: Nepal
Source: The Kathmandu Post

All 10 local units in the district have allocated Rs 29.677 million for prior preparation to reduce disaster risks.

Menuka Dhungana

The local units in Achham have established disaster risk reduction and management funds prioritising the construction of disaster-resilient physical infrastructure.

"The fund will make it easier to reduce the impact of probable disasters," said Laxmi Saud, the vice-chairman of Dhakari Rural Municipality. “The local units will not only focus on building disaster-resilient infrastructure but will also train the locals to be prepared for emergencies.”

Kamalbazar and Mangalsen have allocated Rs 1 million each while Sanfebagar and Panchadeval Binayak have allocated Rs 1.753 million and Rs 2.5 million respectively. Similarly, Chaurapati, Mallekh, Bannigadi Jayagad, Ramaroshan, Dhakari and Turmakhand have allocated Rs 5.3 million, Rs 3.05 million, 1.05 million, Rs 1.009 million, Rs 10 million and Rs 2.2 million respectively.

Besides these local units, ward no. 3, 4 and 5 of Ramaroshan Rural Municipality have also contributed Rs 815,000 to the fund. Each local unit will use the fund separately.

In total, all 10 local units in the district have allocated around Rs 29.677 million to the fund.

“We have started to run risk reduction programmes from the local level,” said Om Prakash Bista, the mayor of Kamalbazar Municipality. “We have been conducting awareness campaigns and other activities in schools and communities.”

Bista said that local levels must prepare themselves for disasters and that the locals must be equipped with the basic knowledge of a first responder.

“It is important to make people capable of keeping themselves safe during times of disaster,” he said.

The Local Government Operation Act 2017 and Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act 2017 have given the responsibility of disaster management to the local levels. The periodic plans consider local levels as the agents of development.

Kalu Singh Kunwar, the chairman of Sanfebagar Municipality Ward No. 2, said every school building was inspected to ensure the safety of children.

“The Gorkha Earthquake of 2015 has taught us a great deal about the importance of disaster preparedness and disaster management,” said Kunwar. “We have become more active in places where children, women and the elderly are involved.”

Lalit Dholi, the chairman of Kamalbazar Municipality Ward No 4, said his office has been running awareness campaigns on disaster management in several communities and villages.

"The locals should be trained and provided with the skills and knowledge to take care of themselves and others around them during disasters,” Dholi said.

The communities must be made aware of natural as well as man-made disasters that can affect them in the future, said Dholi.

"The fund will be used to tackle disasters such as landslides, floods and erosion during monsoons,” said Saud.

Full Story

Enhancing Disaster and Climate Resilience in Palau

Tue, 25 Feb 2020 04:03:20 +0000

Country: Palau
Source: UN Development Programme

Koror, Palau - In a concerted effort to mitigate and enhance disaster and climate resilience in Palau, representatives and key stakeholders from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Pacific Community (SPC) and the National Emergency Management Office (NEMO) have agreed to collaborate more effectively and efficiently to minimize the risk from future disasters. This partnership includes a focus to raise the awareness and enhance the long-term capacities of relevant stakeholders in disaster management.

The commitment to take a long-term strategic approach will be made through a Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) and Disaster Recovery Framework (DRF) training to get underway in February this year. PDNA is an internationally accredited and credible methodology developed by the World Bank, European Union and United National Development Group (UNDG). It is recognised by key development partners and guides all stakeholders in the government-led coordination to mobilise resources at national, and potentially regional and international levels, aligning support and recovery in a standard systematic manner.

Like other small island nations in the Pacific, Palau with its population of 21 516, is vulnerable to the effects of natural disasters with frequently occurring climate and geophysical related hazards. The country experiences impacts of frequent hazards including typhoons, droughts, and storm surges, which can result in human casualties, disrupt economic activity and lead to loss of livelihoods.

“UNDP through the Japan partnership funded “Enhancing Disaster and Climate Resilience in Palau through Improved Disaster Preparedness and Infrastructure” project contributes to building resilience in Palau by improving the capacity for preparedness and mitigation to man-made, geo-physical, climate- related hazards and climate change impact,” said UNDP workshop facilitator, Noud Leenders.

“Post-disaster recovery processes provide opportunities to nurture resilient development. Recovery and reconstruction involve more than simply rebuilding, which will only replicate the conditions that make communities vulnerable to disasters in the first place,” Leenders added.

In 2013, Typhoon Haiyan caused severe damages to infrastructure across various sectors including education, utilities, health, agriculture, public works, and housing. An estimated 454 homes were either totally destroyed or damaged. Shortly afterwards in 2016, severe drought associated with El Niño weather conditions led to water shortages across 80 percent of Palau and generated significant sanitation and hygiene risks. The damages and losses not only severely affect the livelihood of the community, they further exacerbate the country’s capability to recover, rehabilitate and reconstruct.

“The remoteness of Palau means that additional resources will take quite some time to get to the country. PDNA therefore, gives us a clear overview of the response and recovery efforts. It will assist with planning and estimating arrival times of resources for the next event”, expressed NEMO Director Waymine Towai.

“We are focused on working together across organisations to reach the last and furthest person. The existing initiatives including how to organise communities and how to interpret special weather patterns and statements have laid a solid foundation for further training together with building infrastructure such as the siren system and the AM tower which speaks to reaching the most remote communities, added Mr Towai.

The Director of SPC’s ‘Geoscience, Energy and Maritime Division’ (GEM Division) Dr Andrew Jones said “the information from post disaster assessments including PDNAs, helps us determine how we can best support countries in understanding the future impact of disasters. Climate change is already being felt in our region and the increased risk caused by it means that we need to understand and work alongside our members to reduce and mitigate the impacts to economic and social development of countries. Ensuring our approach is robust and underpinned by evidence collected through processes such as PDNA is critical for a resilient Pacific”.

The five-day training will bring together 30 participants, 40 percent of whom will be women. The training is focused on empowering Palau Government officials and key stakeholders responsible for undertaking assessments, policy development and implementation of post disaster recovery. Participants work across key sectors including agriculture, housing, education, gender, water and sanitation and health.

The training is organized by the UNDP Enhancing Disaster and Climate Resilience in the Republic of Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia and the Republic of Palau through the Improved Disaster Preparedness and Infrastructure project in collaboration with the Pacific Community (SPC) and National Emergency Management Office (NEMO) in Palau.

Contact Information

Zayaan Jappie, Communications Specialist, EDCR, UNDP Pacific Office in Fiji, Tel: +679 322 7565; Email:;

Full Story

Venezuela Complex Emergency Situation Report #9, February 24, 2020

Tue, 25 Feb 2020 03:58:45 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Countries: Colombia, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Source: International Medical Corps


The humanitarian crisis in Venezuela continues to manifest in widespread poverty and chronic shortages of food, medicine and other basic necessities. According to the preliminary results of the National Survey of Living Conditions (ENCOVI)—a household survey carried out by three leading Venezuelan universities—in 2020, 94% of respondents reported that their income was insufficient to cover the cost of living, and 80% of respondents received food assistance. The impact of the economic crisis has been magnified by the collapse of the country’s public infrastructure and services. In 2019, four major national blackouts occurred, leaving the majority of the country without electricity for several days. The power disruptions, coupled with medicine and equipment shortages, have had severe negative consequences on health.

In November 2019, Convite and HelpAge International conducted a survey with 903 elderly people from the states of Bolivar, Lara and Miranda. Of those surveyed, 75% reported that health facilities do not have medicines available. More than 60% of older people noted that though they should be on medications, affordability and availability were the main barriers for non-compliance. Additionally, 30% of older people do not have access to health services, while 64% reported that health services, when available, were too expensive. More than 70% of the elderly surveyed reported having one or more non-communicable diseases that required medication. In addition to lack of medications and equipment, the humanitarian crisis has led to one of the largest forced displacements in the western hemisphere. As a result, there is a shortage of specialists who can provide essential services and care.

The UN Refugee Agency reports that there are more than 4 million Venezuelan refugees and migrants worldwide, with the vast majority migrating to other countries within Latin America and the Caribbean. In Colombia, the Venezuelan migrant population has increased from fewer than 39,000 people in 2015 to approximately 1.4 million as of February 2020, according to the Ministry of Health (MOH). Of the 1.4 million, only 442,462 (253,575 families) are registered within the country. The MOH has reported that the majority (71%) of migrants are adults between the ages of 18 and 59 years old, with children and adolescents representing 27%. The majority of migrants now reside in Norte de Santander (18.6%), followed by La Guajira (16.9%), Bogota (9.8%) and Atlantico (9.7%).

The influx of Venezuelan refugees to Colombia, coupled with ongoing clashes between armed groups along the Venezuelan border and Pacific Coast, increases needs and complicates access to essential services—including healthcare—and labor markets. Violent clashes between armed groups fighting for control of land and illicit crop production continue to force displacements throughout Colombia and remain a major humanitarian concern. The most affected areas in Colombia include the departments of Antioquia, Chocó, Nariño, Valle del Cauca and Cauca on the Pacific coast, and Norte de Santander on the border with Venezuela, where the majority of Venezuelan migrants have relocated.

Full Story

Cyclones leave homes in American Samoa damaged

Tue, 25 Feb 2020 03:35:50 +0000

Country: American Samoa
Source: Radio New Zealand International

Two homes were destroyed and six suffered major damage during cyclones Vicky and Wasi, which swept to the south of American Samoa last week.

Read more on Radio New Zealand International

Full Story

Call for more support for bereaved families in Samoa in wake of measles crisis

Tue, 25 Feb 2020 03:33:13 +0000

Country: Samoa
Source: Radio New Zealand International

Almost six months since the measles epidemic in Samoa, a senior counsellor is calling for better support systems from government and communities for families who lost loved ones to the disease.

Read more on Radio New Zealand International

Full Story

Philippines: NDRRMC Update: Situational Report No. 84 re Taal Volcano Eruption, 25 February 2020, 6:00 AM

Tue, 25 Feb 2020 03:31:43 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Country: Philippines
Source: Government of the Philippines


24 February 2020, 8:00 AM

Activity in the Main Crater in the past 24 hours has been characterized by weak emission of steam-laden plumes rising 50-100 meters high before drifting northeast. The Taal Volcano Network recorded thirty-two (32) volcanic earthquakes that are associated with rock fracturing processes beneath and around the edifice.

Alert Level 2 is maintained over Taal Volcano. DOST-PHIVOLCS reminds the public that at Alert Level 2, sudden steam-driven or phreatic explosions, volcanic earthquakes, ashfall and lethal accumulations or expulsions of volcanic gas can occur and threaten areas within Taal Volcano Island (TVI) and along its coast. DOST-PHIVOLCS recommends that entry into TVI, Taal’s Permanent Danger Zone, must be strictly prohibited. Local government units are advised to additionally assess previously evacuated areas within the seven-kilometer radius for damages and road accessibilities and to strengthen preparedness, contingency and communication measures in case of renewed unrest. People are also advised to observe precautions due to ground displacement across fissures, frequent ashfall, and minor earthquakes. Communities beside active river channels particularly where ash from the main eruption phase has been thickly deposited should increase vigilance when there is heavy and prolonged rainfall since the ash can be washed away and form lahars along the channels. Civil aviation authorities must advise pilots to avoid flying close to the volcano as airborne ash and ballistic fragments from sudden explosions and wind-remobilized ash may pose hazards to aircraft. DOST-PHIVOLCS is closely monitoring Taal Volcano’s activity and any new significant development will be immediately communicated to all stakeholders.


A. Affected Population (TAB A)

  • A total of 151,827 families or 586,045 persons (previous report: 151,764 families or 585,897 persons) were affected in Regions Ill, CALABARZON, and NCR.

  • Of which, a total of 1,123 families / 4,125 persons (previous report: 1,082 families / 4,073 persons) are taking temporary shelter in 16 evacuation centers while 51,968 families / 191,451 are served outside ECs.

Full Story

Masculinities in Peacekeeping. Limits and transformations of UNSCR 1325 in the South African National Defence Force

Tue, 25 Feb 2020 03:28:19 +0000

Country: South Africa
Source: Peace Research Institute Frankfurt

Marieke Fröhlich's PRIF Report takes a closer look at United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325, how it is put into practice in the South African National Defence Force and how it affects peacekeeper masculinities.

Almost 20 years after the adoption of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325), it remains an important instrument in feminist lobbying and gender-sensitive peacekeeping. While the resolution is considered a major step towards protecting women’s rights in conflict zones and contributing to gender just peace, criticism is widespread and questions remain about its impact beyond statistics.

This report takes a closer look by investigating the ways that UNSCR 1325 has been conceptualized and put into practice in the South African National Defence Force. South Africa is deploying a relatively high proportion of female peacekeepers, but shortcomings of UNSCR 1325, specifically related to gender essentialisms, have affected discourses within the armed forces. While this has led to contradictions and contestations concerning sameness and difference among male and female peacekeepers, the study also reveals a critical engagement with military peacekeeper masculinities, pointing towards a surpassing of the limited premise of UNSCR 1325.

Download (pdf, 1,4MB): Fröhlich, Marieke (2019): Masculinities in Peacekeeping. Limits and transformations of UNSCR 1325 in the South African National Defence Force, PRIF Report 7/2019, Frankfurt/M.

Full Story

World: Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation for International Transport Networks

Tue, 25 Feb 2020 03:17:24 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Countries: Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, World
Source: UN Economic Commission for Europe

Extreme weather events, some of which are increasing in intensity and frequency, as well as slower onset climate changes (for example, sea level rise) and cumulative effects can result in transportation infrastructure damages, operational disruptions, and pressures on supply chain capacity and efficiency. The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) Group of Experts on Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation for Transport Networks and Nodes (the Group of Experts) has been analysing the impacts of climate change on main transport assets in the ECE region, as presented in this report.

The Group of Experts considered the main networks and nodes in the ECE region, observed climate changes, as well as future projections. In this context, the report presents the analyses of several climate variables relevant to transport networks and nodes within the ECE region. Regional maps have been produced in Geographical Information System (GIS) format.

The Group of Experts has also reviewed and presented country experiences in the form of case studies, demonstrating a range of efforts that have been undertaken to analyse climate change impacts on transport assets and operations.

With its work, the Group of Experts wishes to raise awareness on the importance of considering climate change and extreme weather (for example, in planning, construction, maintenance and operations) and of strengthening the climate resilience of inland transport assets, networks and nodes. It also aims to stimulate the continuation of work to establish the necessary analytical basis to facilitate local or regional assessments, leading to the identification of specific transport assets at risk which may require adaptation efforts.

The Group of Experts, within this report, also formulated a series of lessons learned which have served as a basis to recommend future action at national and international levels towards improved transportation system climate resilience.

Full Story

Situation Report - Sri Lanka 24rd February 2020 at 1800hrs

Tue, 25 Feb 2020 03:13:08 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Country: Sri Lanka
Source: Disaster Management Centre of Sri Lanka

Please refer to the attached file(s).

Full Story

Sri Lanka: Epidemiology Unit, Ministry of Health: Dengue Update, 24 February 2020

Tue, 25 Feb 2020 03:05:27 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Country: Sri Lanka
Source: Government of Sri Lanka

Dengue update

For the year 2018, 51659 and in the month of February, 2020, 14730 suspected dengue cases were reported to the Epidemiology Unit from all over the island. Latest Disease Trends,

Approximately 26.3 % of dengue cases were reported from the Western province. The highest numbers of dengue cases were reported during the 29th week of 2017.

The outbreak situation in 2017 warranted extensive and regular removal of possible mosquito breeding sites from the environment, along with strengthened patient education on management of fever which resulted in a relatively low mortality.

It is very important to seek medical attention in the event of fever and to do relevant laboratory investigations at least by day three of the illness.

Last Updated on Monday, 24 February 2020 08:55

Full Story

DR Congo: Southern Africa Key Message Update, February 2020

Tue, 25 Feb 2020 02:56:10 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network

Heavy early February rainfall in parts of the region slightly improve crop conditions

Key Messages

  • Humanitarian food assistance delivery is improving areas of Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe to Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!). However, funding shortfalls continue, especially in Zimbabwe where food assistance needs are atypically high due to the impacts of the consecutive poor seasons and deteriorating macroeconomy. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are present in conflict affected areas of DRC and areas of Madagascar, Mozambique, Malawi, Lesotho, and Zimbabwe where many households are having difficulty accessing food.

  • Seasonal improvements in food access are expected with the harvest across much of the region in March/April. However, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are expected during the post-harvest period in southern Mozambique and Zimbabwe as the result of the 2019/20 drought and ongoing conflict in northern Mozambique. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) is also expected to continue in conflict affected areas of DRC. The rest of the region will most likely face Minimal (IPC Phase 1) and Stressed (IPC Phase 2).

  • From mid-January through early February, most parts of the region experienced favorable rainfall improving crop conditions in areas where crops had not yet wilted. However, conditions remained generally poor in parts of Zimbabwe and southern Mozambique. As of late January, crops were in generally satisfactory condition across Madagascar. In DRC, flooding and conflict disrupted Season A crops, which will likely result in a lower than normal harvest. In Malawi and northern Mozambique, cropping conditions are favorable. December and January rainfall in Lesotho led to an increase in area planted; however, it still remains below average.

  • Staple food prices continue to increase in Malawi, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe. In Mozambique and Malawi, maize grain prices were 40 to 95 percent and 80 to 115 percent above the five-year average, respectively. In Zimbabwe, the macroeconomic challenges and market shortages of both maize grain and maize meal continue, triggering significant price increases. In Madagascar, prices of dried cassava started increasing in Ambovombe and Tulear II markets. Maize and local rice prices in Madagascar remain above average. In most parts of the region, besides in Zimbabwe, staple food prices are likely to remain above average through March, then marginally decrease in April as households start accessing own foods.

Full Story

Pakistan: Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA): Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Daily Situation Report (24 Feb 2020, Evening)

Tue, 25 Feb 2020 02:31:20 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Country: Pakistan
Source: Government of Pakistan

Please refer to the attached file(s).

Full Story

World: Latinoamérica & el Caribe Resumen de Situación Semanal (17-23 febrero 2020) al 24 de febrero 2020

Tue, 25 Feb 2020 00:44:55 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Countries: Argentina, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Peru, World
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs



Las inundaciones en las provincias norteñas de Chaco, La Rioja, Salta y Tucumán llevaron a la evacuación de cientos de personas. Chaco declaró una emergencia por las lluvias e inundaciones que afectaron a 35.000 personas, según ECHO. Las autoridades evacuaron a unas 200 personas después de recibir hasta 192 mm de lluvia.

Las inundaciones en Tucumán han dañado las carreteras y cortado el acceso a algunas comunidades. Las autoridades informan que unas 100 familias fueron evacuadas. La Rioja informa que las lluvias afectaron a 1.000 personas, lo que llevó a los militares a responder a las comunidades afectadas.

Unas 160 familias de Salta evacuaron sus hogares. Muchos de los afectados en Salta son de la comunidad indígena Wichi, que se encuentran en medio de una emergencia de agua, saneamiento e higiene.


Lluvias torrenciales de la semana anterior continuaron en toda Bolivia. El Ministerio de Defensa informó que el número de familias afectadas asciende a 10.727, con unas 2.700 personas damnificadas, junto con 19 muertes. Las lluvias también han afectado a 414 hogares, 5.300 hectáreas de tierras agrícolas y casi 11.000 cabezas de ganado.
El Ministerio especificó que las familias afectadas están ubicadas en 67 municipios de ocho de los nueve departamentos de Bolivia.

La Paz declaró estado de emergencia, al igual que 10 municipios de otros departamentos. El Ministerio entregó ayuda a estos municipios, incluyendo alimentos, kits de higiene, herramientas y carpas.

El Gobierno convocó al Consejo Nacional para la Reducción y Atención de Desastres y Emergencias (CONARADE). El Ministerio dice que el Viceministerio de Defensa Civil (VIDECI) cuenta con los recursos para responder.


En Ayacucho, en el sudeste del Perú, las inundaciones y los deslizamientos de tierra desplazaron a más de 260 familias, según el Centro de Operaciones de Emergencia Nacional (COEN). El COEN agrega que las inundaciones causaron daños a 100 hogares en el distrito de Víctor Fajardo. El Gobernador de Ayacucho está solicitando al Ejecutivo que declare el estado de emergencia para agilizar las acciones de respuesta, como se hizo el 20 de febrero para los departamentos de Huánuco, Junín, La Libertad, Pasco y San Martín por recientes inundaciones.

El Ministerio de Salud desplegó equipos y suministros de emergencia en la zona el 16 de febrero. Las autoridades dicen que las operaciones de rescate se han visto obstaculizadas por los daños en las principales carreteras.

Inundaciones y deslizamientos similares en el departamento de Puno, en el sur del país, provocaron daños en las viviendas, desplazando a decenas de personas afectadas y dejando al menos dos muertos. COEN indica que el desbordamiento de los ríos dañó o destruyó al menos 200 casas, tres puentes y tierras de cultivo en el distrito de Asillo. Tras este incidente se produjeron inundaciones en el distrito de Sandia, que afectaron a 120 familias y desplazaron a otras 30. En Arequipa, en el suroeste, el INDECI informa de los daños causados por las inundaciones en más de 50 viviendas, un centro de salud e infraestructura vial, que han aislado algunos de los distritos afectados.

Full Story

World: Latin America & the Caribbean: Weekly Situation Update (17-23 February) As of 24 February 2020

Tue, 25 Feb 2020 00:41:13 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Countries: Argentina, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Peru, World
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs



Flooding in the northern provinces of Chaco, La Rioja, Salta and Tucumán led to the evacuation of hundreds of people.
Chacos declared an emergency over the rains and flooding that affected 35,000 people, according to ECHO. Authorities evacuated some 200 people after receiving as much as 192mm of rainfall.

Flooding in Tucumán has damaged roads and cut off access to certain communities. Authorities report that some 100 families were evacuated. La Rioja reports that the rain affected 1,000 people, prompting the military to respond to affected communities.

Some 160 families in Salta evacuated their homes - many of those affected in Salta are from the indigenous Wichi community, who are in the midst of a WASH and sanitation emergency.


Torrential rains from the previous week continued across Bolivia, with the Ministry of Defence reporting that the number of affected families is now up to 10,727, with some 2,700 rendered homeless, along with 19 deaths. The rainfall has also affected 414 homes, 5,300 hectares of farmland and nearly 11,000 cattle heads. The Ministry specified that the affected families are located across 67 municipalities in eight of Bolivia’s nine departments.

La Paz declared a state of emergency, as have 10 municipalities across other departments. The Ministry delivered aid to these municipalities, including food supply, hygiene kits, tools and tents.

According to the Ministry, the Government convened the National Risk Reduction and Disaster and Emergency Response Council (CONARADE). The Ministry says that the Vice-ministry of Civil Defence (VIDECI) has the resources to respond.


In Ayacucho in south-east Peru, flash flooding and subsequent landslides displaced more than 260 families, according to the National Emergency Operations Centre (COEN). COEN adds that the floods damaged 100 homes in the Victor Fajardo district. The Governor of Ayacucho is requesting the Executive to declare a state of emergency to expedite response actions, as done on 20 February for the departments of Huánuco, Junín, La Libertad, Pasco and San Martín over recent flooding.

The Ministry of Health deployed emergency teams and supplies to the area on 16 February. Authorities say that rescue operations have been hampered by damage to main roads.

Similar flooding and landslides in the southern department of Puno damaged homes, displacing dozens of affected people and leaving at least two dead. COEN indicates that overflowing rivers damaged or destroyed at least 200 homes, three bridges and farmland in the Asillo district. This incident was followed by flooding in the Sandia district, affecting 120 families and displacing another 30. In Arequipa in the south-west, INDECI reports flood damage to more than 50 homes, a health centre and road infrastructure, cutting off some of the affected districts.

Full Story

South Sudan 2020 Humanitarian Response Plan at a Glance

Tue, 25 Feb 2020 00:31:50 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Country: South Sudan
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

Please refer to the attached infographic.

Full Story

Active USG Programs for the Democratic Republic of the Congo Response (Last Updated 02/24/20)

Tue, 25 Feb 2020 00:31:41 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Source: US Agency for International Development

Democratic Republic of the Congo - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #2, Fiscal Year (FY) 2020 (February 24, 2020)

Full Story

Democratic Republic of the Congo - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #2, Fiscal Year (FY) 2020 (February 24, 2020)

Tue, 25 Feb 2020 00:28:56 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Countries: Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, South Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, United States of America
Source: US Agency for International Development


  • FEWS NET projects early onset of agricultural lean season due to impact of late 2019 flooding

  • January clashes displace 103,000 people in Ituri, fueling protection concerns

  • Ongoing measles outbreak results in approximately 331,900 cases, including nearly 6,300 deaths


  • Intercommunal violence and insecurity continue to intensify humanitarian needs across eastern DRC’s Ituri, North Kivu, and Tanganyika provinces, with armed clashes displacing approximately 103,000 people in Ituri’s Djugu, Irumu, and Mahagi territories in January alone, according to the UN. In addition, attacks against civilians increased in January, the UN reports, with an attack conducted by Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) elements in North Kivu’s Beni Territory resulting in at least 36 civilian deaths on January 28.

  • The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) projects that the peak of the 2020 agricultural lean season will likely begin one month early, in March, due to the disruptions to agricultural production caused by late 2019 flooding in central and eastern DRC—threatening food security and livelihoods in affected areas.

Full Story

Philippines: DSWD DROMIC Report #57 on the Taal Volcano Eruption as of 24 February 2020, 6PM

Mon, 24 Feb 2020 22:38:58 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Country: Philippines
Source: Government of the Philippines

Situation Overview

At 5:30 PM, 12 January 2020, the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) has raised alert level 4 over Taal Volcano, indicating that hazardous eruption is possible within hours to days. In its 8:00 AM, 14 February 2020 advisory, the agency has lowered the alert status of Taal Volcano from Alert Level 3 to Alert Level 2 (decreased unrest), recommending that entry into Taal Volcano Island 0028TVI), Taal’s Permanent Danger Zone must be strictly prohibited.

I. Status of Affected Families / Persons

A total of 151,827 families or 586,045 persons were affected by the Taal Volcano eruption in Region CALABARZON (see Table 1).

Full Story