ReliefWeb - Updates

ReliefWeb - Updates

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ReliefWeb - Updates

WFP Uganda Country Brief, October 2022

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 05:38:02 +0000

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Countries: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Uganda
Source: World Food Programme

Please refer to the attached file.

In Numbers

8,939 mt of food assistance distributed

USD 4.27 million in cash-based transfers

USD 153 million six months (November 2022 – April 2023) net funding requirements

1,751,888 people assisted in October 2022

Operational Updates

Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Response

• The Ebola outbreak in Uganda was first reported on 20 September 2022 in Mubende district, and is now affecting nine districts - Mubende, Kassanda, Kyegegwa, Kagadi, Bunyangabu, Masaka, Kampala, Wakiso, and Jinja.

• To stem the spread of EVD in schools, the Ministry of Education and Sports directed all pre-primary, primary, and secondary schools across the country to conclude the third term on the 25 November 2022, two weeks earlier than the official date of 9 December.

• According to the Ministry of Health (MoH), it is clear the EVD outbreak is not a short-term emergency as was envisaged in Scenario I of the Government's and WFP's risk scenarios planning. Although the rate of increase is slow, there remains an increasing number of cases.

• WFP has a partnership with the Uganda Red Cross Society (UCRS) to provide cooked meals through catering services to EVD patients and frontline health workers in Mubende and Madudu districts.

Support to refugees

• In October 2022, WFP provided food assistance to 1.38 million beneficiaries, distributing 7,108 mt of in-kind food and disbursing USD 4.1 million in cash-based transfers (CBT).

• WFP provided nutrition support and Social Behavioural Change Communication distributing a total of 467 mt under the Maternal Child Health and Nutrition (MCHN) Programme and 23 mt of Ready-to-Use Supplementary Feeds (RUSF) under the Target Supplementary Feeding Programme (TSFP).

Scale-up of Cash-Based Transfers (CBT):

• A new Post Bank Agency Banking solution was utilized to provide digital payments worth USD 17,000 to 981 households and 4,185 persons in the Kyaka II refugee settlement. Continuous community engagements are ongoing to empower beneficiaries to use digital channels of payments.

• Discussions with the Finish Refugee Council (FRC) are ongoing, to ensure youth are included as financial literacy training beneficiaries. Between November 2022 and February 2023, FRC is expected to interact with 68,480 youth in 13 refugee settlements.

Karamoja Lean Season Response

• The third cycle of protective rations was distributed throughout the month. By the end of October, protective rations had been delivered to 146,776 beneficiaries in the Amudat, Moroto, Napak, Nabilatuk, Kotido, and Kaabong districts. 1157 mt of cereal and oil were distributed overall.

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World: Epidemic and emerging disease alerts in the Pacific as of 06 December 2022

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 05:09:15 +0000

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Countries: American Samoa, Australia, Fiji, French Polynesia (France), Guam, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Nauru, New Caledonia (France), New Zealand, Niue (New Zealand), Northern Mariana Islands (The United States of America), Palau, Papua New Guinea, Pitcairn Islands, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, United States of America, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna (France), World
Source: Pacific Community

Please refer to the attached Map.

Highlights/updates since the last map was sent on PacNet on 29 November 2022:

  • Please note a star is added beside the alerts on the map when no update has been shared for more than 2 weeks.

Influenza Like Illness (ILI)

  • Republic of Marshall Island (RMI): As of 27 November, an increase in the number of ILI cases has been seen in Epi Week 47 (224 ILI cases reported) compared to the previous week (133 ILI cases reported). – Source: Pacific Syndromic Surveillance Report for W47 2022 (21 – 27 November)

Mpox (Monkeypox)

  • New Zealand: There are three new cases to report as 01 December 2022. This brings the total to 39 confirmed cases (including both active and recovered). Nine cases were acquired overseas, and 30 cases are identified as community transmission. – Source: Monkeypox (MPX) | Ministry of Health NZ accessed on 06 December 2022.

  • Australia: As of 01 December 2022, there are 143 cases (no new case) (confirmed and probable) of MPX in Australia, reflecting cases which have been diagnosed in Australia and reported to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) by states and territories. This includes 70 in Victoria, 56 in New South Wales, 7 in Western Australia, 5 in Queensland, 3 in the Australian Capital Territory, and 2 in South Australia. – Source: Australia Government Department of Health accessed on 06 December 2022.

  • Hawaii: As of 01 December 2022, 40 people in Hawaii have tested positive for monkeypox.– Source: State of Hawaii, Department of Health accessed on 06 December 2022.

  • Multi-country outbreak of monkeypox: : Since1 January 2022, cases of monkeypox have been reported to WHO from 110 Member States across all 6 WHO regions. As of December 02, 2022, a total of 81,766 laboratory confirmed cases and 1,507 probable cases, including 60 deaths, have been reported to WHO. – Source: WHO, 2022 Monkeypox Outbreak accessed on 06 December 2022.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)

  • American Samoa: As of 27 November 2022, a total of 8,264 COVID-19 cases and 34 deaths were reported by the American Samoa Department of Health. – Source: Weekly Situational Report - American Samoa Government Department of Health (reporting period November 21 – 27, 2022).

  • Australia: Over the last week, 100,422 cases of COVID-19 were reported across Australia, an average of 14,346 cases each day. Source: Department of Health, Australian Government accessed on 06 December 2022.

  • Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas (CNMI): As of 26 November 2022, a total of13,226 COVID-19 cases and 41 deaths were reported by CNMI*. *– Source: CNMI Weekly Syndromic Surveillance Report (Epi Week 47; Epi Week Data: November 20 – November 26, 2022).

  • Cook Islands: As of 05 December 2022, a total of 6,533 COVID-19 cases and 1 death were reported by Cook Islands Ministry of Health. Source: Personal communication with country officials on 05 December 2022.

  • Federated States of Micronesia (FSM): As of 02 December 2022, a total of 22,036 COVID-19 cases and 58 deaths were reported by the FSM Department of Health and Social Affairs. – Source: FSM Surveillance (Report WK 48; on 02 December 2022).

  • Fiji: As of 01 December 2022, a total of 68,451 COVID-19 cases and 878 deaths were reported in Fiji. – Source: PRESS RELEASE – MINISTRY OF HEALTH & MEDICAL SERVICES accessed on 06 December 2022.

  • French Polynesia: As of 05 December 2022, a total of 77,563 COVID-19 cases and 650 deaths were reported in French Polynesia. – Source: Coronavirus – La Présidence de la Polynésie française (presidence.pf) accessed on 06 December 2022.

  • Guam: As of 02 December 2022, a total of 59,460 COVID-19 cases and 409 deaths were reported by Guam Department of Public Health and Social Services (DPHSS). – Source: COVID-19 | DPHSS (guam.gov) accessed on 06 December 2022.

  • Hawaii: As of 30 November 2022, a total of 367,352 COVID-19 cases and 1,737 deaths were reported by Hawaii Department of Health*. *– Source: State of Hawaii, Department of Health accessed on 06 December 2022.

  • Kiribati: As of 09 October 2022, a total of 4,866 COVID-19 cases and 13 deaths were reported by the Kiribati Government. – Source: Personal communication with country officials on 18 October 2022.

  • Nauru: As of 18 November 2022, a total of 4,625 COVID-19 cases and 1 death were reported by Government of the Republic of Nauru. – Source: The Government of the Republic of Nauru accessed on 06 December 2022.

  • New Caledonia: As of 29 November 2022, a total of 76,187 COVID-19 cases and 314 deaths were reported by the New Caledonia Government*.* – Source: Actualité Covid-19 | Gouvernement de la Nouvelle-Calédonie accessed on 06 December 2022.

  • New Zealand: As of 05 December 2022, a total of 1,979,614 COVID-19 cases and 2,235 deaths were reported by New Zealand Ministry of Health.– Source : New Zealand Ministry of Health accessed on 06 December 2022.

  • Niue: As of 04 December 2022, a total of 172 COVID-19 cases were reported by the Niue Government. Community cases have now been reported. A red alert for COVID-19 is added on the map. – Source: Niue Government accessed on 06 December 2022.

  • Papua New Guinea: As of 02 December 2022, a total of 46,247 COVID-19 cases and 668 deaths were reported in PNG. – Source: Papua New Guinea Government accessed on 06 December 2022.

  • Palau: As of 02 December 2022, a total of 5,896 COVID-19 cases and 7 deaths were reported by the Republic of Palau. – Source: https://www.palauhealth.org/MOHpages/MOHDengueSituation1.aspx accessed on 06 December 2022.

  • Pitcairn Islands: A total of 4 COVID-19 cases have been reported in Pitcairn Islands. – Source: COVID-19 Situation in WHO - Western Pacific Region accessed on 06 December 2022.

  • Republic of Marshall Island (RMI): As of 24 November 2022, a total of 15,541 COVID-19 cases and 17 deaths were reported by RMI Ministry of Health and Human Service. – Source: RMI Ministry of Health and Human servicesaccessed on 06 December 2022.

  • Samoa: As of 19 October 2022, a total of 15,946 COVID-19 cases and 29 deaths were reported by the Samoan Government. *– *Source: Samoa Government accessed on 06 December 2022.

  • Solomon Islands:As of 11 November 2022, Solomon Islands has continued to see an increase in the number of locally detected cases of COVID-19. The Ministry of Health and Medical Services has deployed a team of medical and public health workers to the provinces in response to the increasing number of cases, critical staff shortages and other haps in its response to Covid-19 community transmission. – Source: Ministry Of Health & Medical Services - Solomon Islands accessed on 06 December 2022.

  • Tonga: As of 31 August 2022, a total of 16,182 COVID-19 cases and 12 deaths have been reported by the Ministry of Health. – Source: Personal communication with country officials on 28 October 2022.

  • Tuvalu: As of 30 November 2022, a total of 2,779 COVID-19 cases have been reported by Tuvalu Ministry of Health, Social Welfare and Gender Affairs. – Source: Tuvalu MOH; Tuvalu COVID-19 Situation report #12 (30th November, 2022).

  • Vanuatu: As of 31 October 2022, a total of 11,951 COVID-19 casesand 14 deaths were reported by the Ministry of Health. – Source: COVID-19 Dashboard for Vanuatu accessed on 06 December 2022.

  • Wallis and Futuna: As of 09 November 2022, a total of 3,416 COVID-19 cases and 7 deaths were reported by the Wallis and Futuna Government*.*There is one new community acquired COVID-19 case. A star is added. – Source: Personal communication with country officials on 14 November 2022.

COVID-19 Vaccination

  • As of 05 December 2022, a total of 2,806,213of the 1st dose; 2,462,044of the 2nd dose; and 806,694 of the first booster dose have been administered in all 22 Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs).

MORE information and data visualization products on COVID-19 morbidity, mortality and vaccination in the Pacific Islandscan be accessed on SPC website at https://www.spc.int/updates/blog/2021/03/covid-19-pacific-community-updates.

Outside of the Pacific

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)

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Philippines: Humanitarian Action for Children 2023 - East Asia and Pacific Region

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 04:51:36 +0000

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Countries: Cambodia, China, Cook Islands, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Mongolia, Nauru, Niue (New Zealand), Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Viet Nam
Source: UN Children's Fund

Please refer to the attached file.

HIGHLIGHTS

  • East Asia and the Pacific remains the region most prone to natural hazards worldwide, with an average of 122 million people affected yearly throughout the region. This is severely exacerbated by the negative impacts of climate change and often compounded by such human-caused hazards as conflict and civil unrest. It is estimated that annual economic losses arising from climate-related risks could reach 4.2 per cent of regional gross domestic product under the worst case climate change scenario.
  • UNICEF engages in a holistic disaster risk management approach to support country offices, governments and partners by strengthening emergency preparedness, building local and national capacities and providing technical expertise for child-sensitive, gender-informed and disability-inclusive humanitarian action.
  • UNICEF maintains an agile system to rapidly deploy funding and technical capacity from the regional and global rosters to quickly respond to sudden-onset events.
  • UNICEF is seeking US$29 million to respond to these critical needs in 2023, including US$25.4 million for emergency response and US$3.6 million for emergency preparedness, disaster risk reduction, climate resilience and cross-sectoral support. Twenty-four countries and territories are directly covered by this regional appeal.

HUMANITARIAN SITUATION

East Asia and the Pacific remains the most disaster-prone region in the world. Over the past 50 years, natural hazards in Asia and the Pacific have affected 6.9 billion people and killed more than 2 million.Several countries situated along the Pacific Ring of Fire are prone to earthquakes, volcanic activity and tsunamis. In January 2022, an underwater volcano in the Pacific near Tonga erupted violently, shooting a 5 km-wide plume of ash, steam and gas into theair, affecting 84 per cent of the Tongan population, including 36,500 children.

The region is also significantly affected by the negative impacts of climate change, with the more frequent occurrence of more intense cyclones, floods and droughts. In December 2021, Super Typhoon Rai (local name Odette) swept over the Philippines, leaving 2.4 million people, including 912,000 children, in need of humanitarian assistance. The La Niña weather phenomenon, which has already caused prolonged drought in the equatorial Pacific, affecting more than 100,000 people in the Pacific Island States of Kiribati and Tuvalu, headed in 2022 into its third consecutive year, further increasing the risk of extreme weather events across the region.

In addition, protracted crises and migration due to unresolved conflict and ethnic strife in several countries in the region continue to affect the lives of children and their families and infringe upon their human rights. Disasters, conflict and migration increase the risk of different forms of gender-based violence, especially for women and girls. Girls and boys, including those with disabilities, are exposed to heightened risks of physical and emotional violence, abuse and exploitation. This is exacerbated by the socioeconomic impacts of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, which include high malnutrition levels, school dropout and rising poverty levels and are still felt in most countries in the region.

HUMANITARIAN STRATEGY

The UNICEF East Asia and the Pacific Regional Office will focus on enhancing the emergency preparedness and response capabilities of country offices, government counterparts and partners by establishing adequate preparedness measures and providing technical expertise and strengthening systems for child-sensitive and child-inclusive humanitarian action, in line with the Core Commitments for Children in Humanitarian Action. UNICEF will expand its capacity-building programme for national disaster management agencies and line ministries in the region, which was successfully piloted in Viet Nam and the Philippines.

To respond rapidly to sudden-onset emergencies in the region, the East Asia and Pacific Regional Office maintains an agile system to rapidly deploy funding and technical capacity from the regional roster. This is instrumental in enabling country offices to swiftly start providing life-saving emergency support to children and their families in the areas of health, nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), child protection, education and cash assistance.

UNICEF will also support governments and partners to strengthen capacities for social and behavioural change, child-centred disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation. To support a risk-informed programming approach, thereby contributing to the humanitarian-development-peace nexus, UNICEF will analyse multidimensional risks and threats to children; integrate disaster risk reduction and climate change strategies into development plans; and build inclusive shock-responsive social protection systems.

UNICEF will continue to strengthen cross-sectoral efforts to holistically support early childhood development in emergencies and address the needs of children with disabilities, adolescents and women and girls in humanitarian settings, focusing on gender-based violence, accountability to affected populations and the prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse.

To ensure greater predictability and accountability in humanitarian settings and learn from previous emergencies, UNICEF will continue to evaluate its humanitarian work and advance knowledge management and evidence-based humanitarian innovations.

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Humanitarian Action for Children 2023 - Sri Lanka

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 04:38:25 +0000

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Country: Sri Lanka
Source: UN Children's Fund

Please refer to the attached file.

HIGHLIGHTS

  • An acute economic crisis since early 2022 has caused severe food insecurity in Sri Lanka, and the situation is predicted to deteriorate between October 2022 and February 2023. An estimated 6.2 million people (28 per cent of the population) are moderately acute food insecure, while 66,000 people are severely acute food insecure. Two in five households (41.8 per cent) spend more than 75 per cent of their expenditures on purchasing food, leaving little to spend on health and education. Many families have exhausted their savings and are struggling due to crippling inflation.
  • UNICEF will prioritize access to basic social services to reduce the need for vulnerable families to resort to negative coping strategies. UNICEF will address humanitarian needs through existing systems, where possible, and incorporate community-based approaches where relevant.
  • UNICEF requires US$28.3 million to meet critical needs linked to nutrition, social protection and humanitarian cash transfers, education and child protection among the most vulnerable children and families affected by the economic crisis.

HUMANITARIAN SITUATION AND NEEDS

Sri Lanka is in the middle of an acute economic crisis that is expected to continue throughout 2023, with an estimated 6.2 million people, including 2.9 million children, in urgent need of humanitarian assistance in 2023. In a context of soaring inflation, heightened income insecurity and scarce availability of essential products (e.g., food, fuel, fertilizers and medicines), families are unable to meet their basic needs. Throughout 2022, recurring and frequent natural hazards continued to affect the agriculture sector, contributing to low yields. With the forecast 40 per cent reduction in food production compared with previous years, food insecurity could further deteriorate from October 2022 to February 2023. While 5.3 million people were already skipping meals as a coping strategy, this number is expected to increase drastically in the coming months with the combined impact of climate-induced natural hazards and a political impasse.

From an already alarming nutrition situation in the country, particularly 'very high' wasting, according to World Health Organization thresholds, the child malnutrition level is projected to worsen in the coming months. Provision of safe drinking water, particularly in water-scarce rural and estate areas, is hampered due to lack of funding for operation, maintenance and importation of water treatment chemicals. If the situation is not addressed urgently, children will be at a significant risk of waterborne diseases. Essential health services have been severely affected by critical shortages of medicines, affecting pregnant and lactating women and children.

Schools remained closed for most of 2022 until mid-August amid a worsening fuel shortage, and this disrupted learning for 4.8 million children and increased mental health and psychosocial issues. School attendance is frequently low among students and teachers, particularly those in rural schools, due to transportation issues, economic challenges and limited provision of school meals, which discourages school attendance.Child protection issues increased significantly in 2022, especially in rural and estate areas. Children face protection challenges, with more parents seeking to admit them to childcare institutions due to increasing food insecurity, poverty and internal and external labour migration.

Sri Lanka’s social protection system, characterized by high levels of fragmentation, weak coordination, low coverage and large exclusion errors and limited adequacy of benefits, is not yet prepared to respond to a shock of this magnitude and to provide reliable protection to all vulnerable groups and prevent negative coping strategies. Without urgent and robust humanitarian support, the current crisis will have progressive, long-lasting consequences for all children.

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Humanitarian Action for Children 2023 - India

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 04:33:24 +0000

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Country: India
Source: UN Children's Fund

Please refer to the attached file.

HIGHLIGHTS

  • In India, an estimated 24.1 million children are impacted by floods, cyclones, heatwaves and other emergencies every year. Climate change, combined with environmental degradation, is increasing the frequency, severity and overall impacts of these kinds of hydro-meteorological hazards. To cope, the most vulnerable children require life-saving, multisectoral assistance and sustained access to services in remote, hard-to-reach locations.

  • In 2023, UNICEF aims to boost emergency preparedness and provide immediate life-saving and life-sustaining assistance to the most vulnerable populations facing multiple humanitarian crises by supporting the continuity of services, scaling up government-led responses and investing in resilience-building interventions.

  • UNICEF requires US$15.7 million to address the vulnerabilities and needs of 6.7 million children impacted by emergencies and build systemic capacities to provide multisectoral humanitarian responses at scale. Social-sector delivery systems are still recovering from the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) crisis, and there is an urgent need to strengthen systemic capabilities to cope with recurring disasters that are further aggravated by climate change. Sector strategies aim to strengthen sector and community preparedness, inclusive of people with disabilities, and reduce the risk of gender-based violence.

HUMANITARIAN SITUATION AND NEEDS

The number, scale, duration and complexity of humanitarian crises in India have increased dramatically, challenging the capacity of social sectors to prepare for and respond to them. Around 80 percent of India's population lives in districts exposed to such extreme hydro-meteorological hazards as floods, drought, heatwaves and cyclones. These increase vulnerable peoples' exposure to hazards and disrupt essential services. They undermine development gains for children.

Among the 65 million people impacted annually by emergencies in India are 5.8 million children under age 5, many of whom live in remote locations. These children need multisectoral support.

There is a continued need for knowledge and system literacy among at-risk populations and for front-line workers to practise climate change adaptation and environmental sustainability to achieve local risk-resilience targets.

Climate shocks, the global economic crisis and the socioeconomic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic have negatively impacted household income and food security in India. While the country mounted massive expansions of social protection safety nets in 2020-2021, only 40 per cent of all poor households reported receiving both food and cash assistance. There is a direct impact on child well-being. For example, malnutrition remains associated with 68 percent of child mortality, and 22 million children under age 5 suffer from wasting, including 8.8 million children with severe wasting. Wasted children are more prone to diseases and have a significantly higher risk of death.

Climate change also impacts the delivery of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), nutrition and other services for children under age 5 as well as millions of school-age children. Floods and cyclones can damage WASH infrastructure and lead to water source contamination, increasing the risk of life-threatening disease outbreaks, especially for children under age 5. Children deprived of nutrition, WASH and other services eventually bring a significant disease load into the primary health-care system, which may already be overwhelmed due to the extreme weather event.

Displacement and the loss of a protective environment due to high-intensity disasters challenge learning continuity, especially for the most disadvantaged children in remote areas. This puts many children at increased risk of dropout, learning loss and exploitation.

While India has made progress in several child-related indicators (e.g., the reduction in under-five mortality from 34 to 28 per 1,000 live births), many children under age 5 who live in remote locations are especially vulnerable to emergencies, particularly losing out on school days and on health care and other services, and may face an increased risk of trafficking and gender-based violence.

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One in 23 people will need humanitarian aid next year; CARE Australia echoes UN call for more women humanitarian leaders

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 04:19:21 +0000

Countries: Australia, World
Source: CARE

As the Australian Government rewrites its overseas aid policy, a new UN report predicts 1 in 23 people on earth will need humanitarian assistance in 2023 and highlights stark gender inequality in humanitarian decision-making.

The UN’s annual Global Humanitarian Overview warns almost 340 million people will need lifesaving assistance due to increased climate disasters and violent conflict — a figure that has doubled in just three years.

It also calls for more women in humanitarian leadership and more partnerships with local women’s organisations. This echoes CARE Australia’s submission to the government’s international development policy review, submitted last week.

CARE Australia CEO Peter Walton said the UN figures were extra evidence that Australia must ramp up support for our climate-vulnerable neighbours and those impacted by war and conflict.

“The Foreign Minister recently stood up at the UN General Assembly in New York and announced the Australian Government was reassessing how we will play our part in a world in an era of almost continual crisis,” Mr Walton said.

“CARE Australia welcomes the government’s commitment to a new international development policy and recently submitted our recommendations, chief of which is an increased focus on how humanitarian crises impact women and girls, and the role they play in response and recovery.”

A recent analysis by CARE found 150 million more women than men were food insecure. In many conflicts, such as the war in Ukraine, women and girls make up the bulk of refugees and displaced people.

“Gender inequality and violence against women are major challenges for our Pacific neighbours, who are the largest recipients of Australian aid. But the Pacific is also home to amazing grassroots women’s organisations, such as Samoa’s Women in Business Development and Tonga’s Talitha Project, who we partner with at CARE Australia,” Mr Walton said.

“The government has committed to a renewed focus on tackling gender inequality through our aid program, and we encourage them to listen to and fund more local women’s organisations who understand what their communities need to prepare for and respond to climate disasters and other shocks.”

For media enquiries contact Iona Salter on 0413 185 634.

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Humanitarian Action for Children 2023 - Bangladesh

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 04:08:52 +0000

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Countries: Bangladesh, Myanmar
Source: UN Children's Fund

Please refer to the attached file.

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Five years into the Rohingya crisis, Bangladesh hosts 943,529 Rohingya refugees in Cox’s Bazar District, including 490,635 children. The refugees rely heavily on international aid and humanitarian assistance. As of August 2022, 26,043 Rohingya refugees had been relocated to Bhasan Char Island.

  • More than 8 million people in Rangpur, Mymensingh, Sylhet, Barishal, Khluna and Chattogram Divisions (43 per cent of them children) are affected by devastating floods and cyclones every year. It is predicted that by 2050, one in seven people will be displaced due to climate change.

  • UNICEF will continue to invest in government-led preparedness and humanitarian response in line with the Rohingya Refugee Crisis Joint Response Plan 2022 and the Humanitarian Coordination Task Team Nexus Strategy for climate-related disasters 2021-2025, focusing on floods, landslides and cyclones.

  • UNICEF is appealing for US$173.8 million to provide child-focused and gender-sensitive humanitarian assistance in the areas of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), health, nutrition, child protection and education for refugees, host communities and the most vulnerable people in flood- and cyclone-affected districts.

HUMANITARIAN SITUATION AND NEEDS

Bangladesh is facing a complex humanitarian situation due to the protracted Rohingya refugee crisis and also because of people's vulnerability to such climate-induced disasters as cyclones, floods, landslides and thunderstorms. Public health emergencies such as diphtheria, measles, cholera and dengue also pose risks. Compounding all these vulnerabilities are global economic challenges: While in Bangladesh a strong recovery from the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continued in 2022, rising commodity prices and a surge in imports in the second half of the year are accelerating inflation10 and making it more difficult for the most vulnerable people to meet their basic needs.

As the Rohingya refugee crisis enters its fifth year, Bangladesh is hosting 943,529 Rohingya refugees (including 490,635 children) who fled the extreme violence in Myanmar and settled in Cox’s Bazar District. As of 31 August 2022, approximately 26,043 refugees had been relocated to Bhasan Char island to decongest the camps. The complex conditions and limited services in the Rohingya camps and in Bhasan Char continue to increase people's needs. Some 115,519 Rohingya refugee and host community children are in need of immunization services; 655,025 Rohingya refugee and host community children require access to education, and 1,143,529 Rohingya refugees and members of affected host communities lack access to safe water. Negative coping mechanisms persist, disproportionally affecting Rohingya women, girls and boys, who face risks of abuse, exploitation and gender-based violence.

The adverse impacts of climate change (including unprecedented cyclones and intensified annual floods) have become key drivers of humanitarian needs. In June 2022, the northeastern region of Bangladesh suffered the worst flood in 122 years, severely affecting 7.2 million people, including 3.5 million children. The flooding damaged water and sanitation facilities, increasing the risk of waterborne diseases, including acute watery diarrhoea. Access to health care and nutrition services was significantly reduced because 90 per cent of the health-care facilities were damaged. More than 3,300 primary schools and 2,400 learning centres required repair work and replenishment of learning materials for children. More than 2.2 million children in flood- and cyclone-prone districts need psychosocial support. Despite humanitarian efforts and a gradual improvement of basic services several weeks after the flooding, significant needs remain unmet across sectors, with only 1.25 million people having received any humanitarian assistance or service.

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Focused COVID-19 Media Monitoring, Nepal (December 6, 2022) [EN/NE]

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 03:58:28 +0000

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Country: Nepal
Source: World Health Organization

Please refer to the attached files.

EMERGING THEME(S)

•Among 34% of women with anemia in Nepal, 18 % have mild, 15 % have moderate, and 1 % have severe form ofanemia.

• After three months, rabies infection has reappeared in Kavre.

RECURRING THEME(S)

• 4 new coronavirus cases have been confirmed in the last 24 hours with 18 recoveries. Currently, there are 92 activecases in the country.

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Humanitarian Action for Children 2023 - Afghanistan

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 03:50:16 +0000

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Country: Afghanistan
Source: UN Children's Fund

Please refer to the attached file.

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Afghanistan is experiencing unprecedented and rising humanitarian needs. Some 28.3 million people, more than 65 per cent of the population, are projected to be in need of humanitarian assistance in 2023.

  • Afghan women and girls are facing a systematic rights crisis. Their exclusion from secondary education and the workforce – and the imposition of rules governing their daily lives – has significantly increased their protection risks. The impacts will be felt for generations to come.

  • The economic crisis is expected to continue, with 64 per cent of households unable to meet their basic needs. This is coupled with a historic third La Niña drought, harsh winters and other climate-related risks. Vulnerable populations will be pushed to the brink.

  • UNICEF will continue to prioritize life-saving activities in underserved areas with multifaceted needs. Interventions will focus on water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), health, nutrition, education and child protection. The UNICEF response will include gender-based violence services and the use of cash-based assistance to respond to sudden-onset disasters, avert catastrophe and meet existing humanitarian needs.

  • US$1.7 billion is urgently needed to meet the humanitarian needs of 19 million people in Afghanistan.

HUMANITARIAN SITUATION AND NEEDS

More than 64 per cent of people in Afghanistan cannot meet their basic needs due to cascading crises that have shifted from conflict to economic shock, drought and a gender crisis. By December 2022, per capita income in the country is expected to be one-third lower than in 2020. The situation for women and girls has deteriorated: restrictions have created barriers to accessing services, curtailed basic freedoms and deprived many women of income-earning opportunities. The ban on girls’ secondary education affects 1.1 million girls, creating significant learning and protection risks. This will impact generations to come.

Historic levels of aid in 2022 largely averted catastrophe. Needs have increased, though, due to economic sanctions, climate-related disasters and the significant reduction in development assistance. Nearly 20 million people are projected to be in emergency levels of food insecurity. In 15 out of 34 provinces, severe wasting levels are above 3 per cent, with 875,000 children under age 5 requiring life-saving treatment for severe wasting. Without scaled-up multi-sectoral interventions, the possibility of famine cannot be excluded.

WASH needs will increase with a third consecutive La Niña likely on the horizon. Sixty-four percent of surveyed households are affected by drought, with 79 percent reporting lack of water and 51 percent reporting no access to improved latrines. outbreaks continue, among them an outbreak of diarrhoea that has sickened more than 2 million people.

While the health system has narrowly avoided collapse, 13.3 million people have no access to health care, largely due to the lack of infrastructure, coupled with high costs. Facilities remain understaffed and under resourced and many are consistently short of medicines and supplies. Approximately 8.7 million children need education support. Negative coping mechanisms are commonplace: 31 per cent of households report at least one child out of school, and 18 per cent report sending children to work. In fact, more than 1 million children are estimated to be working. Before August 2021, 9 out of 10 women were experiencing gender-based violence at some point in their lifetime; post-August 2021, support networks of shelters, legal mechanisms and medical treatment services have collapsed.

Afghanistan is ranked number 5 of the countries that are most climate at-risk worldwide, with a higher warming rate than the global average. Floods and other natural hazards affected more than 223,000 people in 2022 - double the five-year average.

The operating environment in Afghanistan remains highly complex. While physical access to people in need has largely improved, bureaucratic impediments, threats and intimidation of humanitarian workers and restrictions on female humanitarian workers have increased significantly, hindering the delivery of critical life-saving services. UNICEF continues to advocate for unimpeded and principled access to people in need.

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Nepal: Humanitarian Action for Children 2023 - South Asia Region

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 03:38:50 +0000

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Countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
Source: UN Children's Fund

Please refer to the attached file.

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Well over 100 million people, including more than 50 million children are projected to need humanitarian assistance in South Asia due to climate-induced natural disasters, economic and nutrition crises, public health emergencies and complex political and refugee crises.
  • UNICEF will continue supporting the efforts of governments in crisis-affected contexts to ensure children and adolescents, especially girls, and their caregivers are provided with life-saving health, nutrition, education, protection and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services.
  • UNICEF will continue partnering with governments and communities to enhance their emergency preparedness and disaster risk reduction capacities to ensure child-sensitive and gender-responsive humanitarian action. This includes building shock-responsive systems that can mitigate the growing impact of climate change throughout the region.
  • UNICEF requires US$21.3 million to support humanitarian action throughout the region. This includes US$9.3 million to address the humanitarian needs of nearly 600,000 people in Bhutan, Maldives and Nepal; and $12 million to strengthen preparedness for recurrent emergencies and to support emergency response.

HUMANITARIAN SITUATION

South Asia is home to more than 616 million children, many exposed to sudden-onset and protracted emergencies including floods, cyclones and earthquakes, along with challenging economic circumstances, food/nutrition crises and political turmoil. In 2022, more than 50 million children required humanitarian assistance.

Up to 71 million children in South Asia are exposed to five or more climate-related hazards, which increasingly impacts their lives and livelihoods. Countries including Bangladesh and Pakistan experienced exceptional disasters in 2022. These kinds of situations will dramatically worsen in the decades to come and will lead to further breakdown of coping mechanisms. In addition, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic crippled South Asia, and many countries are yet to recover from the subsequent severe socioeconomic challenges. Several countries are navigating rising inflation and facing difficulties financing fiscal and trade deficits, compromising the availability of basic services.

In Afghanistan, more than 24 million people, including 13 million children, need humanitarian assistance. The humanitarian situation is complex, driven by a political and economic crisis, drought, high food insecurity, eroded basic services and recurrent natural hazards. Bangladesh, India and Pakistan faced catastrophic floods that severely impacted the lives of nearly 42 million people and damagedmore than 1 million homes. The economic crisis in Sri Lanka has contributed to more than 6.3 million people being moderately or severely acute food insecure. All told, 7.6 million children in South Asia suffer from severe wasting - half the global burden.

The countries noted above have standalone appeals. However, several countries in the region also face persistent humanitarian needs. Bhutan, Maldives and Nepal, which are three countries covered under this regional appeal, are highly susceptible to natural hazards. For example, more than 500 disaster events occur annually in Nepal. And Maldives, with an elevation of less than 2 metres above sea level - one of the lowest-lying countries globally - is greatly threatened by rising sea levels, coastal storms and associated inundation. Bhutan is located in one of the most seismically active zones in the Himalayan belt and its risk level is further exacerbated by climate change. Overall, the increasing frequency and intensity of climate-related disasters poses critical threats to the well-being of nearly 1 million people (including 400,000 children) in Bhutan, Maldives and Nepal, putting their access to essential and life-saving health, nutrition, education, protection and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services at risk.

HUMANITARIAN STRATEGY

Given the multiple and diverse crises that occur in the region, UNICEF is focusing on an immediate and life-saving response in South Asia. To alleviate the suffering of children and families, multisectoral responses that include health, nutrition, education, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), child protection and social protection (including humanitarian cash transfers), remain a priority. To facilitate timely, quality humanitarian response, the regional surge roster system has been reinforced and will deploy expert capacity to countries in crisis, when and where required. To mitigate the impact of disasters, UNICEF will focus on systems strengthening and building the resilience of communities faced with recurrent shocks. UNICEF will also prioritize adolescent and youth participation and engagement, gender and disability inclusion and social and behavioural change.

UNICEF's cluster and sector leadership roles, carried out in coordination with national and local stakeholders, will be enhanced as needed. In collaboration with partners, including Governments, UNICEF will also aim to meet its Grand Bargain commitments, promoting localization of humanitarian action, ensuring that accountability to affected populations is integrated into programming and strengthening capacities to prevent and address sexual exploitation and abuse.

UNICEF will further invest in child-centred disaster risk reduction and preparedness by working closely with regional and national authorities and stakeholders on risk analysis and joint contingency planning. Readiness to respond will be further enhanced through training and simulations guided by the Core Commitments for Children in Humanitarian Action.

In Bhutan, Maldives and Nepal, UNICEF will focus on strengthening partner capacities, enhancing risk analysis and advocating for risk mitigation policies and integrated preparedness and response mechanisms, including the pre-positioning of essential supplies at national and subnational levels. In Nepal, UNICEF will continue to provide life-saving services targeting the most vulnerable and also fulfill its cluster lead and co-lead roles in nutrition, WASH and protection sectors and in the cash and accountability to affected populations working groups. The country offices will also engage with relevant authorities, organizations and communities - including young people - to enable more disaster- and climate-resilient programmes linking humanitarian and development activities.

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Mali - Évaluation de la situation humanitaire dans la zone des Trois Frontières, Focus sur les besoins des populations de la localité de Talataye (Talataye / Ansongo / Gao), mai 2022

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 03:33:01 +0000

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Countries: Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger
Source: REACH Initiative

Please refer to the attached file.

Contexte et méthodologie

Depuis le début de la crise sécuritaire au Mali en 2012, la zone frontalière entre le Burkina Faso, le Mali et le Niger est caractérisée par un climat d’insécurité du fait de la présence de groupes armés, la criminalité et la montée de tensions entre les communautés. L’accès aux populations affectées est limité dans certaines localités en raison de la situation sécuritaire, du mauvais état des infrastructures et des conditions géographiques difficiles. Afin de pallier le manque d’informations sur ces localités, REACH, en collaboration avec les clusters et les groupes de travail humanitaires, a mis sur pied un suivi bimestriel de la situation humanitaire dans les régions situées dans la zone frontalière. Ce suivi a pour objectif de donner un aperçu de la sévérité relative des besoins multisectoriels entre les zones géographiques et de leur évolution. Cette fiche d’information a notamment pour objectif de faire un focus sur les besoins multisectoriels des personnes déplacées et non déplacées de la localité de Talataye, se situant dans la commune de Talataye dans le cercle d‘Ansongo (région de Gao). L’ensemble des produits liés à cette évaluation est disponible sur le Centre de Ressources de REACH.

Des groupes de discussion ont permis de collecter des informations qualitatives sur les besoins multisectoriels et les mouvements des populations affectées par la crise. Le choix des localités et des thématiques sélectionnées pour concentrer les discussions de groupe est fait selon l’évolution du contexte et des besoins en informations rapportés par la communauté humanitaire. Ce volet qualitatif est réalisé en parallèle d’une collecte de données quantitatives. La méthodologie pour cette dernière employée par REACH dans la zone communément appelée ‘‘Zone des Trois Frontières’’ suit la méthodologie dite “Zone de Connaissance / Area of Knowledge”. Cette méthodologie a pour objectif de collecter, d’analyser et de partager des informations actualisées concernant les besoins humanitaires dans l’ensemble des localités, y compris dans les zones difficilement accessibles. Les données sont collectées au niveau des localités, à travers des entretiens avec des informateurs clés (IC), et agrégées au niveau de la localité, du cercle et de la région. Certaines informations quantitatives présentées dans cette fiche d’information permettent de compléter l’analyse qualitative.

Cette fiche d’information présente les résultats de deux groupes de discussion qui ont été réalisés le 11 mai 2022 à Gao avec des personnes déplacées internes en provenance de la localité de Talataye. Ces participants ont été interrogés sur la base de leur récent déplacement (moins de 30 jours avant le FGD) et / ou leurs contacts maintenu avec les populations non déplacées de la localité de Talataye. En parallèle, la collecte de données quantitatives a été faite entre le 05 et le 30 mai 2022 couvrant le cercle d’Ansongo. Au total, 95 IC ont été consultés et 95 localités ont été évaluées dans le cercle d’Ansongo. Sauf indication contraire, les réponses apportées par les IC se réfèrent à la majorité de la population de la localité dans une période de 30 jours précédant l’entretien avec l’IC. L’unité d’analyse est la localité et les résultats sont à lire en « % de localités ». La couverture actuelle de l’évaluation est limitée et les résultats présentés ci-dessous doivent être considérés comme indicatifs.

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Research Terms of Reference: Cholera Surveillance at Health Facilities in Northeast Syria, SYR2214 (Nov 2022, Version 1)

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 03:29:19 +0000

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Country: Syrian Arab Republic
Source: REACH Initiative

Please refer to the attached file.

(Excerpt)

2. Rationale

2.1 Background

Since late August 2022, cases of severe acute watery diarrhoea have been increasingly reported across Syria, concentrated particularly along the Euphrates river. These were later confirmed to be cholera cases. Cholera is a disease caused by bacteria that can be found in faeces, and spreads through people consuming contaminated water or food. It causes severe watery diarrhoea and vomiting which lead to dehydration. If treated immediately, less than 1% of cases result in patients dying. However, if timely treatment is not available, cholera can lead to death within hours in 25 to 50% of cases. The situation is critical in Syria as the local population is facing a severe water crisis due to drought, falling groundwater levels, reduced flow in the Euphrates River, and reduced functionality of Alouk water station. REACH has been monitoring developments in Northeast Syria through regular data collection cycles, remote sensing data, and rapid needs assessments. The initial REACH brief of the cholera outbreak in NES is published here.

A multi-partner response – led by the NES Forum and Health Working Group – is conducting surveillance of cholera in NES. The assessment specified in this TOR will be in support of this overall cholera response.

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World Bank Approves Sri Lanka’s Eligibility to Access Concessional Financing to Help Stabilize the Economy and Protect Livelihoods

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 02:58:54 +0000

Country: Sri Lanka
Source: World Bank

WASHINGTON, December 5, 2022 –The World Bank today approved Sri Lanka’s request to access concessional financing from the International Development Association (IDA). This type of financing, which is offered at low interest rates, will enable the country to implement its government-led reform program to stabilize the economy and protect the livelihood of millions of people facing poverty and hunger.

The request is the result of Sri Lanka’s sustained deterioration in economic and social conditions, which have reduced income levels, reversed poverty gains, and affected its access to financial markets. This approval means Sri Lanka now becomes an IDA country.

“We are committed to helping the Sri Lankan people at this time of dire need so their country turns around and restores its economic well-being,” said Akihiko Nishio, World Bank Vice President for Development Finance. “The World Bank is ready to support Sri Lanka as it implements reforms that will reduce poverty and rebuild the economy, creating the foundation for sustainable growth.”

Through IDA support, the World Bank will provide concessional financing, technical assistance, and policy advice as Sri Lanka implements reforms to drive recovery and enhance the country’s economic prospects, especially measures directed towards the poor.

Access to IDA’s concessional financing would also alleviate existing debt service pressures given the more favorable terms IDA financing carries. As an IDA country, Sri Lanka will also be subject to IDA operational policies.

“At this time of critical need in Sri Lanka, we appreciate the World Bank’s rapid response and its vision as the first development partner to respond in record time through repurposing existing operations to help preserve Sri Lankan institutions for basic service delivery,” said Ali Sabry, Hon. Minister of Foreign Affairs of Sri Lanka. “The reverse graduation to IDA will enable us to access resources to help sustain institutions to become more resilient and responsive to the needs of the people of Sri Lanka.”

Since 2017, when it first graduated from IDA, Sri Lanka has been creditworthy for lending from the World Bank’s International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD). To date, in response to the country crisis, the Bank has repurposed $325 million from IBRD and a further $71 million from other regular Bank operations towards crisis response for basic service needs. This has also helped leverage support from other multilateral development institutions, bilateral donors, and UN agencies around a common crisis response mechanism.

Sri Lanka’s reverse-graduation brings the total number of IDA countries to 75.

About IDA: The World Bank’s International Development Association (IDA) is one of the largest sources of funding for fighting extreme poverty in the world’s poorest and most vulnerable countries. IDA provides grants and zero or low-interest loans to countries for projects and programs that boost economic growth, build resilience, and improve the lives of poor people around the world. Since 1960, IDA has provided about $496 billion for investments in 114 countries.

Learn more online: IDA.worldbank.org. #IDAworks

Last Updated: Dec 05, 2022

PRESS RELEASE NO: 2023/39/DFI

Contacts

Colombo
Dilinika Peiris
+94 112128249
dpeiris@worldbank.org

Washington, DC
Patricia da Camara
+1 202-473-4019
pdacamara@worldbankgroup.org

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Water and Hope Quickly Drying Up: Families Grapple with the Realities of Drought in Ethiopia

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 02:55:34 +0000

Country: Ethiopia
Source: International Organization for Migration

Oromia, Southern Ethiopia, December 2022– Over the past few years, Tume has seen the fruits of her family’s labour disappear in front of her eyes. Her country, Ethiopia, is in the grip of a devastating drought – the severest the country has seen in almost 40 years.

“The drought has taken away everything we had: our herd of cattle, oxen, donkeys, goats, and farmland – they are all gone,” the 78-year-old mother of four says.

“I’ve lived here for nearly eight decades and I’ve seen many things in my life. I used to fear nothing; this has changed that. It’s the worst drought I’ve seen in my entire life – it’s terrifying.”

Many regions in Ethiopia are currently experiencing one of the harshest droughts in decades, with nearly 10 million people in need of urgent food assistance.

Over 3.5 million livestock have died between the end of 2021 and May 2022, due to the drought’s adverse effects, which have destroyed the livelihoods of millions. Hundreds of thousands of people have migrated in search of water, pasture, and urgent assistance.

Nestled in the southern part of the country, Borena zone, an area part of the Oromia Region of Ethiopia, is home to thousands of drought-displaced people that are staying on the Dubuluk Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) site which opened some months ago.

People have moved here in search of help, with access to water among the key needs. Tume is one of them.

“We used to live in an area that’s not too far from this site. We were never rich, but we worked hard to be able to lead a comfortable life. We had donkeys that helped us to fetch water. Now, the water source has dried out and all our donkeys have died – we knew we had no choice but to leave if we wanted to survive,” she says.

This year, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) started providing water trucking support to provide a lifeline for IDPs. IOM trucks 40,000 litres of water each day to Dubuluk IDP site, which serves an estimated 5,300 people.

IOM’s water trucking system also supports eight other IDP sites across drought-affected regions in Ethiopia. The water mostly comes from a protected borehole recently rehabilitated by IOM. To ensure water quality standards during collection and storage, the chlorination process is performed right at the storage tank before distribution.

IOM’s Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) interventions are reinforced by strong hygiene promotion activities carried out by a team of trained volunteers, which aim to improve hygiene practices and lead to behavioural changes.

IOM coordinates its WASH services with the local district water administration in order to make sure those in hard-to-reach areas are also getting the type of support they need.

“While IOM’s water trucking support is essential, sustained solutions must be secured through the rehabilitation and construction of durable water supply systems,” explains Ester Ruiz de Azua, Emergency and Post-Crisis Programme Coordinator with IOM Ethiopia.

To further improve the living conditions on the IDP site, IOM has distributed water purification chemicals and has built emergency latrines and shower facilities, among other complementary initiatives.

To improve the lifespan of the site’s water supply system, hand pumps have been rehabilitated at two kebeles (districts) where water trucking is conducted.

“This drought is not slowing down anytime soon, but we must carry on living. The water we receive has saved my life, my children and grandchildren’s lives. I cannot afford to lose them too,” Tume says.

IOM’s WASH response in drought-affected regions in Ethiopia is supported by USAID’s Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance (BHA) and EU Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid (ECHO).

This story was written by Kaye Viray, Media and Communications Officer with IOM Ethiopia, kviray@iom.int.

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Philippines: Philippine Economic Update: Bracing for Headwinds, Advancing Food Security (December 2022)

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 02:50:56 +0000

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Country: Philippines
Source: World Bank

Please refer to the attached file.

Sustaining Investments in Health, Education, and Agriculture Key to Addressing Pandemic Scars, Strengthening Recovery in the Philippines

MANILA, November 6, 2022 – Driven by the release of pent-up demand from consumers, the Philippine economy is projected to surge to a 7.2% growth in 2022 before tapering off to an average of 5.7% percent growth in 2023, according to the Philippines Economic Update (PEU) released today by the World Bank.

This year’s forecast rides on the momentum of a 7.7 percent growth in the first three quarters of 2022, buoyed by the removal of remaining restrictions on people’s mobility and business operations and the recovery of incomes and jobs. The reopening has benefitted the services sector, and government spending on infrastructure fueled the growth of construction and industry.

The forecast for 2023 is premised on reduced consumer demand, alongside high inflation and high interest rates that are expected to temper household spending and investments.

Higher interest rates will likely constrain growth of private lending and investments at a time when public spending will likely slow as the country undertakes “fiscal consolidation” or implements measures to rein in government deficits and reduce debt. Also, as global growth is expected to decelerate next year, external demand from advanced economies, which are key buyers of Philippines merchandise exports, will be subdued.

Ndiamé Diop, World Bank Country Director for Brunei, Malaysia, Philippines, and Thailand said that given these developments, it remains important to sustain the country’s investments in health and education to reduce vulnerabilities from the scarring impact of the pandemic especially among the poor and most vulnerable.

“Shocks from the COVID-19 pandemic have worsened child malnutrition and stunting and hampered student learning especially among the poor and most vulnerable families,” said Diop. “If unmitigated, these shocks can have persistent impacts on people’s wellbeing and damage their future productivity, earnings, and capacities for innovation. For this reason, sustained investments in agriculture, nutrition and education are imperative despite pressure for fiscal consolidation.”

The report says the immediate domestic challenge that faces the country is high domestic inflation, averaging 5.4 percent in the last ten months, and reaching 7.7% in October.

Inflationary pressure comes from multiple fronts including elevated global commodity and energy prices, disruptions in international supply chain and logistics, depreciation of the peso and domestic supply constraints due to low farm productivity and recent floods and typhoons.

“High inflation tends to inflict the greatest harm on low-income households where inflation often outpaces wage growth, which these households rely on,” said Ralph van Doorn, World Bank Senior Economist. “Besides managing the interest rate, addressing inflation entails employing various measures including freer trade, lower tariffs and non-tariff barriers to help augment domestic supplies as needed and support to agriculture production through extension services, seeds, fertilizers.”

Over the medium term, addressing the weaknesses in the agriculture sector will strengthen food security in the country. Growth prospects for the agriculture sector remain poor due to a combination of chronic underinvestment and intense vulnerability to weather-related shocks.

Agriculture comprised less than 10 percent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP), and the sector’s contribution to growth is minimal during the past five years. However, it employs over 22 percent of the labor force, and domestic food production influences trends in inflation.

Increasing agricultural productivity, the PEU highlights, will be crucial to help ensure food security and boost more inclusive growth. To this end, efficient use of public funds for public investments will help address the structural constraints including value chain weaknesses and poor business climate for the agri-food system.

To strengthen private sector confidence, the economic update says the administration needs to take decisive action to confirm its development priorities. The new administration has laid out its eight-point socio-economic agenda, which aims to bring the economy back to its high-growth trajectory. The completion of the Philippines Development Plan 2023-2028 is important to provide the country a clear roadmap for achieving its medium-term priorities.

PRESS RELEASE NO: 2023/032/EAP

Contacts

In Manila
David Llorito
External Affairs Officer
dllorito@worldbank.org

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Uganda Food Security Outlook, October 2022 to May 2023

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 02:47:08 +0000

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Countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Uganda
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network

Please refer to the attached file.

Below-average crop production and high food and non-food inflation to drive acute food insecurity

Key Messages

  • In bimodal areas, localized green/dry second season harvests of mostly legumes and maize are improving food availability in some areas (mostly in southwestern, central, eastern, and parts of northern Uganda) as of late October. With the progression of harvesting in November/December, the number of households facing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) or worse outcomes is expected to decline with further availability of seasonal food and income from crop production. However, due to below-average crop production at the national level following another poor rainfall season, most poor rural households will likely stock less than normal and access below-normal seasonal income from crop sales. Given this and above-average market prices, area-level Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes are expected to persist throughout the projection period in much of the greater north, Bukedea and Teso.

  • Retail prices of staple foods generally followed seasonal patterns in September, increasing due to declining household and market stocks prior to the second season harvest. Across most monitored markets, prices of beans, maize grain, and cassava chips increased by 11 to 30 percent from August to September. Prices in September remain above the five-year average and prices recorded last year, driven by three consecutive seasons of below-average crop production (since the first season harvest of 2021), atypically high regional demand for Ugandan staples, and high transportation costs due largely by high fuel prices. High staple food prices and below-average seasonal income-earning continue to limit food access for many poor households.

  • In Karamoja, clinical admission rates of children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) declined in September due to a combination of nutrition assistance interventions and improved food availability from the main season harvest. However, significantly below-average crop production (estimated to be only around half of normal levels) for a third consecutive season and localized insecurity continue to disrupt typical livelihoods and reduce income-earning across Karamoja. Given this and above-average prices, the number of households facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes remains atypically high for a postharvest period. In the coming months, many households will likely exhaust food stocks earlier than normal. Below-average purchasing power, and limited remaining coping capacity, an increasing number of households will likely face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes throughout the projection period. Area-level Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes expected to persist in some areas and re-emerge in others by early 2023.

  • Assistance needs remain high among refugees living in settlements due to highly limited livelihood and income-earning opportunities and above-average prices. Throughout the projection period, additional arrivals of refugees from the DRC and South Sudan are expected. This will further strain already inadequate humanitarian assistance funding. Among refugee households who farm, the second season harvest in November/December will provide some limited seasonal support. However, those in northern in West Nile settlements are likely to experience a second consecutive below average harvest. Overall, area-level Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes are expected to persist, supported by significant humanitarian assistance, though with many worst-affected households experiencing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes.

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The Frontline Responders: Achta's Fight against Gender-based Violence in Lake Chad

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 02:46:50 +0000

Country: Chad
Source: International Organization for Migration

Bol, Lac province, 5 December 2022 – For the past four years, Achta has dedicated her life to lifting rural Chadian women’s voices in their struggle to end gender-based violence (GBV) and inequality.

As the chair of the local Association of Women Paralegals of the city of Bol, in Chad’s Lac province, her mission is clear and simple: to change mentalities and negative attitudes towards women.

The group brings together 20 women trained in counselling and psychosocial first aid to survivors of gender-based violence in the community.

“We created the association in 2018 because we wanted to change the future of our children. We didn’t want them to go through the same experiences that we and our parents went through.”

Today, the Association has become one of the most prominent organizations helping survivors of gender-based violence rebuild their lives, providing them with counselling and referral to health and legal services.

In Chad, more than a third of women aged 15 to 49 who are not single have survived physical, psychological, or sexual violence committed by a close relative, according to a 2015 report by the National Statistics Institute.

This incidence tends to be higher in rural areas like Bol, where social constraints and the lack of dedicated counselling structures limit access to medical, legal and psychosocial services for survivors of gender-based violence.

According to a supervisor of GBV care services, an alarmingly high caseload of gender-based violence such as early marriages, forced marriages, rape, denial of resources and education and many others, has been recorded in the city since the beginning of the year.

“At the beginning, it was not easy,” Achta remembers candidly. “We started meetings in my own house because we did not have a space where we could meet, and my husband used to tease me, saying that we would create problems in the community.”

To address this gap, between 2020 and 2021, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) rehabilitated four community counselling centres across the Lac province to provide communities with safe spaces for open discussions and trained 75 female paralegals in psychological first aid techniques and counselling.

At the Bol listening centre, Achta regularly meets with young girls and women survivors to offer her listening ear and social support.

“When survivors come to us, they carry a burden they want to get rid of. So, our job is not just to listen to them, but also to save them,” says Achta.

The association’s paralegals have also been provided with mobile phones to follow up on cases as needed. This has strengthened care services, with a follow-up and referral mechanism that saves time and allows them to be more responsive.

The association conducts regular community outreach and dialogues to raise awareness and foster a change in behaviour towards women.

“It is ignorance that drives some people to abuse their daughters and wives. How can a man leave his wife in labour for three or four days at home when the health centre is only a few steps away?” she says.

Despite the many challenges, Achta remains confident and optimistic. Already, she has observed a decrease in the rate of unintended pregnancies among local youths which she attributes, in part, to the work the association has been doing.

“Some people say that these are our customs and habits, and that we cannot change them, but that is not true. We are not born with our habits; habits are behaviour and behaviour can change”, she adds.

Since 2020, IOM has endeavoured to mainstream the fight against gender-based violence in its emergency and community stabilization programmes in Chad’s Lac province. Through partnerships with local actors such as the Association of Female Paralegals and the Chadian Red Cross, survivors now have greater access to information, counselling and referral to health and legal services.

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Humanitarian Action for Children 2023 - Myanmar

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 02:37:00 +0000

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Country: Myanmar
Source: UN Children's Fund

Please refer to the attached file.

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Myanmar continues to experience a severe - and worsening - humanitarian and human rights crisis. Conflict and violence have escalated across the country, impacting children and their families and displacing more than 1.4 million people. The ongoing political crisis has been coupled with economic challenges, increasing people's vulnerability. An estimated 17.6 million people, including 5.6 million children, are in need of humanitarian assistance.

  • Access of children and their families to such essential services as health care, nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and education is severely constrained. These interrelated challenges are threatening children's survival, development and well-being.

  • UNICEF’s humanitarian strategy focuses on working with communities, local and international partners and with all stakeholders to deliver life-saving humanitarian assistance and ensure critical services reach children in need.

  • UNICEF requires US$169.6 million to respond to the mult-isectoral humanitarian needs of children in Myanmar.

HUMANITARIAN SITUATION AND NEEDS

Children and their families continue to suffer due to widespread and deepening conflict in Myanmar. The situation further deteriorated in 2022, with increased fighting taking place nationwide between the Myanmar Armed Forces, ethnic armed organizations and more than 600 local defence groups. Around 17.6 million people - almost one third of the population - are in need of humanitarian assistance. The number of children and their families displaced by the conflict has increased by 60 per cent since December 2021 to more than 1.4 million people, including the 330,400 who had been living in protracted displacement even prior to the coup that took place in February 2021. Communities in the Sagaing region are the hardest hit, with nearly 612,400 people displaced as of October 2022. The resurgence of fighting in Rakhine State between government armed forces and a large ethnic armed organization has imperilled the situation of the nearly 220,000 people living in protracted displacement there.

There are also extremely vulnerable non-displaced people, including 417,000 stateless Rohingyas, along with communities affected by conflict, insecurity and rising poverty in rural areas and cities. Cross-border movements are fluid and bidirectional. Those who fled to Thailand and then returned to Myanmar remain displaced within the country because they have not returned to places of origin.

Grave violations of child rights have increased in 2022 compared with 2021: for example, the number of children killed and maimed between January and September 2022 more than doubled compared with 2021, largely due to indiscriminate use of heavy weapons, airstrikes and explosive ordnance. There has also been an eightfold increase in the number of abductions in 2022. Attacks on schools and hospitals have continued at alarming levels, while recruitment and use of children by all armed actors remains of serious concern. Millions of children and adolescents are deprived of the right to education because their safe access to education has been disrupted.

The ongoing conflict has undermined the delivery of child health services, including routine immunization and the response to severe wasting. This has lead to a regression in child health outcomes in the country. The disruption in child immunization services also creates longer-term risks of increased disease prevalence.

Access of conflict-affected populations to services and delivery of humanitarian assistance has been further constrained by restrictions imposed on movement of both people and goods. Camp closures and forced return and relocation remain key protection concerns for displaced people. The safety and protection of humanitarian and front-line workers has also become a serious concern, as they are increasingly targeted by parties to the conflict and subject to arbitrary arrests and detentions.

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Indonesia, Flooding in Bekasi Regency (West Java) (5 Dec 2022)

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 02:15:44 +0000

Country: Indonesia
Source: ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance

Jawa Barat, Indonesia

Event Date : Mon, 05 Dec 2022

AHADID : AHA-FL-2022-001414-IDN | GLIDE Number :

Impact Update Date : Mon, 05 Dec 2022 20:00:00

AFFECTED AREA/S

Bekasi

DESCRIPTION

Cause: Moderate to heavy rainfall and overflowing of Cilemahabang, Cikadu, Cibeet, and Citarum River

Location:
● Kec. Cikarang Utara, Ds. Simpangan
● Kec. Cikarang Selatan, Ds. Sukadami, Ds. Sukasari
● Kec. Cabang Bungin, Ds. Setialaksana
● Kec. Cikarang Pusat, Ds. Pasiranji
● Kec. Cikarang Timur, Ds. Labansari

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Indonesia, Flooding in Karawangan Regency (West Java) (5 Dec 2022)

Tue, 06 Dec 2022 02:09:40 +0000

Country: Indonesia
Source: ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance

Jawa Barat, Indonesia

Event Date : Mon, 05 Dec 2022

AHADID : AHA-FL-2022-001413-IDN | GLIDE Number :

Impact Update Date : Mon, 05 Dec 2022 05:00:00

AFFECTED AREA/S

Karawang

DESCRIPTION

Cause: Moderate to heavy rainfall

Location:
● Kec. Telukjambe
- Ds. Karangligar
● Kec. Karawang Barat
- Ds. Tanjung Mekar

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