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ReliefWeb - Updates

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ReliefWeb - Updates

Côte d'Ivoire: Côte d’Ivoire : Rapport de situation COVID-19 – #13, Période de référence : du 20 juin au 3 juillet 2020

Mon, 06 Jul 2020 04:24:43 +0000

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Country: Côte d'Ivoire
Source: UN Children's Fund

Aperçu de la situation et des besoins humanitaires

Au cours du mois dernier, le nombre de cas confirmés de COVID-19 a triplé. Le nombre de cas est passé d'environ 3 000 à 9 702 (plus de 6 700 nouveaux cas en juin) et la Côte d'Ivoire est sur le point de passer la barre des 10 000 cas. La pandémie de COVID-19 s'est étendue à 24 districts du pays. Sur les 9 702 cas confirmés de COVID-19, 61 % sont des hommes et 39 % des femmes, 4 381 personnes (45 %) se sont rétablies, 5 253 cas (54,1 %) restent actifs et 68 personnes (0,7 %) sont décédées.

  • Du 15 au 19 juin 2020, le Ministère de la Santé Publique, l'OMS, l'UNICEF et les principaux acteurs du secteur de la santé ont mené une évaluation conjointe de la capacité de réponse de 30 districts sanitaires en dehors d'Abidjan. Une composante Eau, Hygiène et Assainissement (EHA) a été intégrée dans cette évaluation conjointe. Les résultats de l'évaluation conjointe serviront de base à l’élaboration d’un plan d'action visant à renforcer la préparation et la capacité de réponse des districts sanitaires de l'intérieur du pays.

  • Des fortes pluies se poursuivent à Abidjan et à l’intérieur du pays et des glissements de terrain et des inondations touchent des zones qui étaient déjà affectées par la COVID-19. À ce jour, 514 ménages (2 482 personnes) sont sinistrés. Avec l’appui de l’ONU, quatre équipes inter-ministérielles effectuent actuellement une évaluation multisectorielle dans trois régions (Lagunes, Sud-Comoé et le district autonome d'Abidjan) pour avoir une vue d'ensemble de la situation.

  • Un sondage U-Report sur les inondations lancé le 19 juin a recueilli plus de 64 000 réponses. 81 % des personnes qui ont répondu ont déclaré ne pas savoir quoi faire en cas de fortes pluies. Les communautés U-Report à Abidjan ont été activées et ont reçu l'équipement nécessaire pour aider les familles à nettoyer leurs maisons. La chaîne de télévision nationale RTI a couvert les actions des communautés UReport et a partagé des messages de prévention.

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World: Situation Report on International Migration 2019: The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration in the Context of the Arab Region [EN/AR]

Mon, 06 Jul 2020 04:22:22 +0000

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Country: World
Sources: International Organization for Migration, UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia

Description:

As a multi-agency collaboration involving several organizations, this report has been published without style editing or review against IOM’s specific guidelines.

The opinions expressed in the report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the International Organization for Migration (IOM). The designations employed and the presentation of material throughout the report do not imply expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of IOM concerning legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning its frontiers or boundaries.

The present report provides a multidisciplinary and comprehensive overview of migration trends, policy developments, and priority issues in the region to inform policymakers, researchers and practitioners. It builds on previous editions of the report, and provides an increasingly comprehensive and up-to-date picture of migration in the Arab region over time. In addition, it examines regional migration governance in the light of GCM objectives, with an emphasis on full inclusion, access to basic services for migrants, reducing vulnerabilities of migrants, and preventing and combatting the smuggling and trafficking of migrants.

Table of contents:

  • Foreword
  • Acknowledgements
  • Introduction
  • 1. Overview of Migration and Displacement Trends in the Arab Region
    • A. Migration to and displacement in Arab countries
    • B. Migration and displacement from Arab countries
    • C. Migration and displacement by subregion
    • D. Inflows and outflows of remittances in the Arab region
    • E. Drivers of migration and root causes of displacement
    • F. Summary of key findings
  • 2. Developments in Migration Governance in the Arab Region
    • A. National policies on international migration and displacement
    • B. International cooperation on migration
    • C. Conclusion
  • 3. Global Compact for Migration: Policy Implications for the Arab Region
    • A. Introduction
    • B. Developing a global migration governance framework
    • C. Global Compact for Migration
    • D. Relevance of the Global Compact for Migration objectives to the Arab region
    • E. Implementing the Global Compact for Migration: priority areas for the Arab region
    • F. Conclusion
  • Annexes
    • I. Glossary of terms
    • II Migration and displacement to the Arab region
    • Migration and displacement from the Arab region
    • III. Migrants and refugees by age
    • IV. Remittances
    • V. Arab States’ ratification status of international legal instruments related to international migration and displacement
    • VI. Legislation on selected areas of migrants’ rights to access basic services
    • VII. Legislation on selected areas for reducing vulnerabilities of migrants
    • VIII. Legislation on preventing and combatting smuggling and trafficking of migrants
  • Endnotes
  • Bibliography

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Viet Nam: Northern region prepares for natural disasters

Mon, 06 Jul 2020 04:17:15 +0000

Countries: China, Viet Nam
Source: Viet Nam News

HÀ NỘI — The Central Steering Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control has asked ministries, sectors and local governments to prepare for flooding as a result of heavy downpours in the northern region in the coming days.

Concerned agencies were told to conduct a comprehensive inspection of supplies, equipment and human resources to deal with natural disasters, as well as to carefully check the dyke systems in the region.

To respond to torrential rains in mountainous and delta regions, the committee’s deputy head Trần Quang Hoài requested the National Centre for Hydro-meteorological Forecasting to regularly provide weather updates with in-depth observations for the public.

The Irrigation General Department was asked to provide materials on natural disaster preparedness for the committee to execute natural disaster prevention work.

All fish-breeding cages have been moved out of the downstream of Hoà Bình Hydropower Reservoir and the Hoà Bình Hydropower Plant has set up plans for emergency discharge if necessary.

The Việt Nam Disaster Management Authority (under the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development) was tasked with preparing appropriate means and equipment for access to areas affected by flash floods and landslide.

The committee will work with the Ministry of Health and local governments to set up evacuation plans.

The Ministry of Industry and Commerce was told to give safety warnings about mineral exploitation in areas at high risk of landslides and mine collapses.

Local governments have to update the weather situation to the committee and the State Committee for Incidents and Disaster Response, and Search and Rescue.

Mai Văn Khiêm, director of the National Centre for Hydrometeorological Forecasting, said from June 25 to July 1, the water levels in hydro-meteorological stations in China tended to change slowly as they were affected by upstream hydropower reservoirs.

There were no floods and the daily average rainfall was 10-30mm, he said.

Meanwhile, water levels in the Hồng (Red) and Thái Bình rivers in northern Việt Nam remain low and changing slowly.

“In the past, major floods originated from China’s Yuanshui River to Việt Nam caused unusual floods in the Đà and Thao river in the years of 2008, 2015 and 2018,” said Khiêm.

However, the flooding in Việt Nam territory was weakened due to widening river mouths so they could not make devastating floods in the Red River Delta, he said.

Major floods in the Red and Thái Bình river basins were formed due to a combination of various weather patterns causing heavy rains such as storms, low-pressure systems and tropical convergence strips.

The flood flow from China did not contribute much to big floods in the Red River basin but it would increase the complexity of floods on high floodplains, Khiêm explained.

Meanwhile, deputy director of Agricultural Department of the Government Office Đào Quang Tuynh said Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc had paid attention to the flood and rain situation in China.

The Việt Nam Meteorological and Hydrological Administration is responsible for making statistics to define the correlation between floods in China and Việt Nam, Tuynh said.

The administration should foresee the worst scenario and propose plans responding to superstorms, incidents involving reservoirs and threats to dykes to ensure safety for people, he said.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has responsibility for reviewing safety measures and responding to flash floods and landslides in riverbank areas.

Nguyễn Hữu Hùng, an official of the State Committee for Incidents and Disaster Response, and Search and Rescue, said the army and police must work with localities to carry out evacuations in urgent cases.

According to Lê Minh Nhật, deputy director of Natural Disaster Response and Recovery, since earlier this year, several extreme weather phenomena occurred in the northern mountainous areas such as thunderstorms, whirlwinds, lightning and hail which killed 19 people and damaged 56,908 houses and several hectares of crops.

There have been high risks of flash floods, landslides, danger to hydropower reservoirs, irrigation and dyke systems in mountainous provinces, said Nhật.

July forecast

According to the National Centre for Hydrometeorological Forecasting, hot weather will continue scorching the northern and central regions this month.

Temperatures will be 0.5-1 degree higher than the same period last year at 36-38 degrees Celcius.

In the early days this month, northern provinces will have rains and heavy rains with thunderstorms so it is necessary to prepare for whirlwinds, lightning, flood and landslides.

At the end of July, there is likely to be tropical depressions and storms in the East Sea. — VNS

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India: Home Minister Amit Shah reviews preparedness to deal with monsoon and flood situation

Mon, 06 Jul 2020 04:11:36 +0000

Country: India
Source: Government of India

Union Home Minister Amit Shah held a high level meeting on Friday to review preparedness of measures to deal with monsoon and flood situation in major flood prone river basins in the country. Shri Amit Shah directed officials to develop a well planned scheme to reduce flooding and minimize the loss to property and lives.

Union Home Minister also emphasized on better coordination between agencies to have a permanent system for forecasting of floods and rise in water levels in major catchment zones/areas of the country.

Shri Amit Shah asked for action on following up on priority areas to provide permanent solutions to the perennial flood problems in the states of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh and North Eastern states.

Union Home Minister also directed the Ministry of Jal Shakti and Central Water Commission (CWC) to review and assess data on real storage capacity of major dams with a view to ensure timely releases of water and prevention of floods.

Secretary, Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation made a presentation and informed about the major floods that had occurred in the country. He also apprised about the structural measures including management of Dams, Reservoirs, ongoing projects in Nepal, flood protection measures and non-structural measures i.e. flood plain zoning, flood forecasting and way forward to mitigate effect of floods in Ganga and Brahmaputra Basins. Senior Officials of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and India Meteorological Department (IMD) also made presentations.

A total of 40-million-hectares area in India is prone to flood in which Ganga and Brahmaputra are main flood basins and Assam, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal are most flood prone states.

The decisions taken in the meeting will go a long way to mitigate the sufferings of the lakhs of people in the country who have to face the fury of floods in terms of damage to their crops, property, livelihood and precious lives.

The meeting was also attended by Minister of State for Home Affairs, Nityanand Rai and senior official of concerned ministries and agencies.

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Nepal: Two people killed, three missing in Gulmi landslide

Mon, 06 Jul 2020 03:40:34 +0000

Country: Nepal
Source: The Kathmandu Post

Rescue efforts were made difficult because of roads blocked by the landslide and bad weather.

Ghanashyam Gautam

Two people died and three others are missing in a landslide that occurred in Gulmi on Thursday night.

The two deceased are a 16-month-old toddler and an eight-year-old girl. Dozens of cattle were also killed in the incident that took place at around 11pm at Hastichaur in Ishma Rural Municipality-1 of the district.

Three persons were rescued from the debris via a helicopter on Friday evening, more than 18 hours after the disaster. Among the three, one is in a critical condition, according to doctors. All three are receiving treatment at a Kathmandu-based hospital.

Another injured person was transported to Kathmandu for further treatment on Friday evening, according to DSP Kedarnath Panta of Gulmi Police.

Former minister and a member of parliament Gokarna Bista arrived in Gulmi with a helicopter for rescue efforts. Tarpaulins and relief materials have been provided to the affected families.

Ward Chair Chura Bahadur Khatri said that rescue efforts were made difficult because of roads blocked by the landslide and bad weather.

“The ones trapped beneath the debris were rescued but we couldn’t immediately take them to the hospital because the roads were blocked,” he said. “Helicopter rescue was the only option, but that, too, faced obstacles due to bad weather.”

As many as 24 families have been displaced by the landslide in Musikot Municipality, according to Mayor Somnath Sapkota.

Landslides have also occurred in nine other places of Maldi Village, a settlement of 116 households. Ten families were displaced by Thursday’s landslide and the whole village is at risk of being swept away by the disaster. Similarly, fourteen households in Musikot Village have also been displaced by Thursday’s landslide. The district saw over two dozen landslides on Thursday night alone, according to Prakash Kafle, spokesperson of Musikot Municipality.

Locals speculate that the landslide occurred when a still water dam along a recently repaired road in Hastichaur burst open because of continuous rainfall and thunderstorm, according to ward chair Khatri

The landslide has also damaged the building of Kalika Lower Secondary School, which was being remodeled as a quarantine facility in the wake of Covid-19 crisis. After the landslide, five quarantined individuals have been sent home to self-quarantine, according to Gun Prasad Adhikari, ward chair of Isma Rural Municipality-4.

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World: Water and climate coalition takes shape

Mon, 06 Jul 2020 03:20:20 +0000

Country: World
Source: World Meteorological Organization

Climate change impacts are affecting water availability and are exacerbating the damages floods and drought cause worldwide. Climate related water action is a key for bringing us back on track to deliver Sustainable Development Goal 6, to ensure access to water and sanitation for all and to sustain a healthy environment.

WMO hosted a virtual diplomatic briefing on 2 July on plans for a Water and Climate Coalition aimed at building momentum on water and climate action through implementing concrete activities at the national, regional and global levels. It is intended that the coalition will bring together UN partners and Members, donor governments, private sector, non-governmental organizations and financial institutions.

“The impacts of climate change are felt through water: through floods, drought, coastal inundation, melting of glaciers and forest fires,” WMO Secretary-General Petteri Taalas told the briefing. “There is a need to invest more in disaster risk reduction, climate adaptation and resilience,” he said.

“Water stress is a global problem,” he said. It has negative impacts on economies, health and well-being and poses a threat to future GDP in large parts of the world. Food insecurity and hunger is once again on the rise. Population growth and climate change will join forces to increase the number of people facing water shortages, especially in parts of the Middle East, Africa and Asia.

WMO is committed to strengthening the flood and drought monitoring systems and to improving the exchange of hydrological data and information which is fundamental to decision-making, he told diplomats.

The briefing was organized with the UN Environment Programme, UNESCO and UN Water, as well as with the permanent missions of Finland, Germany and Tajikistan to the United Nations. It came one week ahead of the launch on 9 July of the UN-Water SDG 6 Global Acceleration Framework.

“The world is not on track to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal on water by 2030,” said Gilbert F. Houngbo, UN-Water Chair and President of the International Fund for Agricultural Development. He said that the COVID-19 pandemic had highlighted how many millions of people lacked access to water even to wash their hands.

“Drought appears to be a co-traveller with fragility,” said UNEP Executive Director Inger Anderson. With growing water scarcity, it is projected that in future one in four children under the age of 18 – or 600 million – will be living in areas of extreme water stress.

Water is a central part of all the sustainable development goals, not just SDG 6, said Shamila Nair-Bedouelle, Assistant Director-General for Natural Sciences at UNESCO. The acceleration of SDG6 would therefore yield multiple benefits for all sectors of society.

Details of WMO activities on water are available here

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Philippines: Anti-Terrorism Act earns sweeping support among Bohol peace, order councils

Mon, 06 Jul 2020 03:17:58 +0000

Country: Philippines
Source: Government of the Philippines

By Rey Anthony H. Chiu

CORTES, Bohol, July 5 (PIA) -- The Anti-Terrorism Act of 2020 which Pres. Rodrigo Duterte earlier signified as urgent and signed into law last week has earned the overwhelming support by the province’s 47 municipal and city peace and order councils (MPOC/CPOC) which signed the Manifesto of Support for the Act.

The local peace councils, composed of the mayors and Sangguniang Bayan legislators, sectoral representatives including private, church and youth sector representatives, are tasked to craft policies relative to peace and order in their localities.

In his report to the virtual joint meetings of the Provincial Peace and Order Council and the Provincial Anti Drug Abuse Council last week, Bohol Police Chief Sr. Supt. Joselito Clarito said that this move boosts the realization of the president’s directive to end local communist armed conflicts (ELCAC) soon.

During the same meeting, Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) Bohol Provincial Director Jerome Gonzales shared the presentation on the Anti-Terrorism Law briefer.

Gonzales highlighted the need for the country to have a law that can effectively curb terrorism, citing that the earlier Human Security Act (HSA) of 2017 remains a dead letter law and is severely underutilized.

With the HAS in existence, the Global Terrorism Index of 2019 places the Philippines as the 9th most negatively affected by terrorism, along with Afghanistan, Iran, Nigeria, Syria, Pakistan, Somalia, India, Yemen and Democratic Republic of the Congo.

As an example, he said even with the HSA of 2007, it has identified only the Abu Sayaff Group as the only declared terrorist group in the Philippines and with the real and present threat presented by terrorist organizations, groups, and individuals to the Filipino people, it has convicted only one Nur Supian in November 2018 for recruiting participants in the 2017 Marawi siege.

This is because in the absence of a law, when terrorists are captured, they are charged with cases for violations of the Revised Penal Code, or illegal possession of firearms or some other special laws other than terrorism.

Gonzales said even Jolo suicide bombings suspects in 2018 faced multiple murder and frustrated murder charges for the deaths and injuries caused by the said bombings, when it was clearly a terroristic act.

The proposed law had critics accusing government of cleverly instituting martial law.

But Gonzales insists that “while the measure includes tough provisions against terrorists including foreign ones, even tougher safeguards are in place against abuse.”

The new law defines terrorism as an act committed by anyone within or outside the Philippines, regardless of the stage executions, and a terrorist as one who engages in any acts intended to cause death, injury, or endangers a person’s life, acts that cause extensive damage to a government or public facility, public places or private properties, or acts that cause extensive interference, damage or destruction to critical infrastructure.

It also defines a terrorist as one who develops, manufactures, possesses, acquires, transports, supplies or uses weapons and releases explosives or of biological, nuclear, radiological or chemical weapons intended to intimidate the general public, create or spread fear.

It also includes acts to provoke or influence by intimidation, the government or any international organization, or seriously destabilize or destroy the fundamental political, economic, or social structures of the country, or create a public emergency or seriously undermine public safety.

Briefly stated, acts to be considered terroristic must have intent and purpose taken together and established.

Those found to be guilty, not by any one but by a competent court, shall be guilty of committing terrorism and shall suffer the penalty of life imprisonment without parole and the benefits of Republic Act No. 10592.

While critics allege that the new law curtails freedom of speech, Gonzales assures the Freedom of Speech is a right that is constitutionally guaranteed.

As long as the exercise of the rights do not intend to kill or injure a person and endanger his life or jeopardize public safety, then it is still construed as within the exercise of civil and political rights, DILG hinted.

Acts punishable under the Anti-Terrorism Bill include threat to commit terrorism, planning, training, preparing and facilitating to commit an act of terrorism, conspiracy to commit terrorism, proposal to commit terrorism, inciting to commit terrorism like recruitment and membership in a terrorist organization and providing material support to terrorist, especially when one has a knowledge that the individual, association, or group of persons is committing or planning to commit acts of terrorism. (rahc/PIA-7/Bohol)

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Interpreting and applying numerical weather prediction in Pakistan

Mon, 06 Jul 2020 03:15:11 +0000

Country: Pakistan
Source: International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development

The Met Office – the UK’s national meteorological service – and ICIMOD, in collaboration with the Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD), organized a three-day training on numerical weather prediction (NWP) and its applications at the PMD’s campus in Islamabad, Pakistan, in March 2020.

The training aimed to strengthen the capacity of PMD meteorologists in the interpretation and application of NWP and is part of a joint capacity building plan agreed upon among the three organizers under the Asia Regional Resilience to a Changing Climate (ARRCC) programme, funded by the Department for International Development (DFID).

Thirty-five meteorologists (including two women) based in the PMD headquarters in Islamabad and the provincial offices attended the training to familiarize themselves with various NWP tools and techniques to ensure better provision of services for its use and uptake in Pakistan. The training adopted a train-the-trainer approach with a focus on hands-on exercises so that the participants can pass on the skills and knowledge gained to other colleagues across the PMD and encourage wider exploration of the potential for using NWP in the way investigated for improved weather forecasting and warning within Pakistan.

Resources persons from the Met Office – UK, ICIMOD, and PMD led different sessions on deterministic and probabilistic ensemble NWP outputs, nowcasting techniques for short-term forecasting, verifying NWP outputs, and understanding and communicating uncertainties in NWP forecasts and its applications to stakeholders.

By increasing understanding of the role of NWP within the forecast processes, training participants will be able to add greater value to forecast products and communication to stakeholders, thereby increasing the accuracy of forecasts and ultimately helping inform the actions users may take, shifting towards an impact based focus.

Under the ARRCC programme, ICIMOD and the Met Office – UK have been collaborating with national meteorological and hydrological services in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region on a joint capacity building plan. Under this plan, the two organizations have been developing and delivering content on climate projections and impact-based forecasting for greater impact in the region.

About ARRCC

The ARRCC programme (https://www.metoffice.gov.uk/services/government/international-development...), which commenced in September 2018, is a four-year programme aiming to strengthen the provision and uptake of weather and climate services across South Asia. While regional in nature, ARRCC will also have a focus on the most vulnerable countries in the region, primarily Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal.

The programme will focus across all meteorological timescales (weather, seasonal, and climate), aiming to build climate and environmental resilience by improving the application and access to weather and climate services at regional to national levels. In addition, the programme will support the development of new technologies and innovative approaches to using weather warnings and forecasts. This will help vulnerable communities better prepare for climate-related shocks.

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Indonesia: Dengue fever cases still on the rise despite seasonal change in some regions

Mon, 06 Jul 2020 03:13:39 +0000

Country: Indonesia
Source: The Jakarta Post

Gemma Holliani Cahya

The COVID-19 epidemic has not slowed the onset of the seasonal dengue fever across the country, the Health Ministry has said, with 70,418 cases and 458 disease-related deaths recorded as of Thursday.

The official tally increased from 34,451 cases and 212 deaths in March.

However, the ministry also said that the number of dengue cases recorded between Jan. 1 and July 1 this year was lower than that in the same period in 2019, when 105,222 cases and 727 deaths were logged.

Still, this year’s figure is higher than that of 2018 in the same period, which saw 21,861 cases and 158 deaths by dengue.

Cases of dengue fever, which is primarily spread through mosquito bites, usually increases during the rainy season.

The country has been battling dengue fever since early this year, at a time when state resources have been spent on curbing the COVID-19 outbreak. The similarities between dengue fever and COVID-19 symptoms have also complicated efforts to mitigate the annual spike in cases.

In a recent press statement, the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) said that while 51.2 percent of the country had entered the dry season, the rest of the archipelago was expected to experience prolonged rain for the next two to four months.

The agency said cities and other areas experiencing a drawn out rainy season “must take extra caution over the risk of dengue fever disease”, even though the intensity of rain is expected to decrease over time.

Most of the cases were found in West Java, which recorded 10,485 cases, followed by Bali (8,930) and East Java (5,781). However, the Health Ministry said no region had yet to declare a dengue emergency.

Contacted on Thursday, West Java Health Agency head Berli Hamdani said there were at least 95 people in West Java who had died from dengue fever this year.

And although they have sufficient health facilities to anticipate more patients, Berli said it was a challenge to spray insecticide with fogging machines in a number of areas and communities, especially in the midst of the epidemic. Fogging is one effective method of exterminating the Aedes aegypti mosquito, the carrier of the dengue virus.

“Many people are staying in their houses during quarantine so it’s challenging to conduct ‘focus fogging’ to eliminate mosquito breeding grounds in some areas. […] We can’t do any fogging where there are people because of the dangers of insecticide,” Berli told The Jakarta Post.

Another possible hurdle the agency found was that people were still worried about seeking out medical assistance at hospitals over fears they might be exposed to COVID-19. “It causes delayed efforts to seek medical attention,” he said.

The ministry’s director for vector-borne and zoonotic diseases, Siti Nadia Tarmizi, said prevention was still the best way to fight dengue.

She encouraged communities to stay alert on the dangers of dengue fever, employ larvicides where necessary and use the state-sponsored triple action method of draining, covering and burying any containers that can hold water. Mosquitoes lay eggs near water.

“If you catch a fever and it doesn’t get better after three days or you experience some kind of bleeding – red spots on the skin, bleeding gums or nose bleed – don’t hesitate to get checked out at the nearest health facility,” Siti told the Post on Thursday.

She stressed that people should not be afraid to visit health facilities, which were safer now than most other places because they usually had screening systems to separate non-COVID-19 and COVID-19 patients.

“It’s better to check whether you have dengue fever as soon as possible, because it might get worse if you’re too late,” she insists.

Mulya Rahma Karyanti, an expert on infections and tropical pediatrics at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital in Jakarta, reiterated in a press conference with the National Disaster and Mitigation Agency on June 22 that Aedes aegypti mosquitoes were daytime feeders, with peak feeding occurring in the morning and in the evening before dusk.

“They like to bite between 10 a.m. and 12 p.m. when our children are studying. […] and [before] maghrib [dusk] prayer between 4 p.m. and 5 p.m.,” Mulya said.

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Myanmar – June 2020: COVID-19 rapid needs assessment of older people

Mon, 06 Jul 2020 03:06:49 +0000

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Country: Myanmar
Source: HelpAge International

Context

Myanmar has experienced a relatively lower number (290 as of 22 June 2020) of COVID-19 cases compared to many other countries, but the socioeconomic impacts of the government-imposed restrictions are having severe impacts on the population, especially older women and men. While the restrictions officially remain in place, many people cannot get by without a regular income and have returned to work, raising fears about a second wave. For government and humanitarian actors to understand the consequences of the restrictions for older people, HelpAge International in Myanmar conducted a multi-sector rapid needs assessment in May 2020 to inform programming and policy decisions.

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Pakistan: Locusts may reinvade Thar, Cholistan: minister

Mon, 06 Jul 2020 02:49:51 +0000

Countries: India, Pakistan
Source: DAWN Group of Newspapers

Amin Ahmed

ISLAMABAD: The swarms of desert locust, which moved to summer breeding areas along both sides of the India-Pakistan border, would re-enter Pakistan via Rajasthan and concentrate in Punjab and Sindh during the upcoming monsoon rains, Minister for National Food Security and Research Syed Fakhr Imam said on Friday.

The desert locust population will enter the Cholistan area as these have already entered the areas of Tharparkar and Nara, he said.

This would be the second threat of invasion by the swarms as this year the situation aggravated for the first time in many decades. The desert locust would resurface in Balochistan when the swarms would enter the province via Sistan-Baluchestan of Iran. A total of 33 districts in Balochistan had been affected by the desert locust, the minister said.

Meanwhile, the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations, in its desert locust bulletin issued on Friday, forecasts that adult groups and swarms would form in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and move to Cholistan, while the last spring-bred groups and swarms from Balochistan will move to Nara and Tharparkar.

As monsoon rains commence, breeding would increase along the India-Pakistan border between Bahawalpur and Nagarparkar, causing numerous hopper bands to form. This is expected to be supplemented by other swarms arriving from the horn of Africa in about mid-July and thereafter, the report says.

Terms situation in KP and most of Punjab satisfactory

About the situation, the FAO says spring breeding during June ended in Balochistan and only immature and mature groups of adults remained near the coast and in interior areas between Pasni and Dalbandin. Immature swarms were seen near Khuzdar and Quetta.

Breeding also declined in the Indus Valley of Sindh and further north on the Punjab plains where only a few hopper bands remained. More hopper bands formed in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa north of Dera Ismail Khan where the swarms started to form at the end of the month.

Spring-bred immature adult groups and swarms moved Balochistan and the Indus Valley to the India-Pakistan border where an increasing number of immature adult groups and swarms arrived in Tharparkar, Nara and Cholistan deserts, many of which continued to India due to dry conditions.

During a weekly media briefing at the National Locust Control Centre, Mr Imam said the situation in Punjab and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa was by and large satisfactory as the damaging situation was no more visible.

The minister stated that a survey had been carried out in all the affected areas, and according to latest figures, the survey of 3,85,000 square kilometres had been completed, out of which 9274 kilometres of the area had been cleared from locusts.

Mr Imam listed a number of measures that were being taken to address the second round of attack by desert locust. These include mapping of the affected areas, ground sprays and aerial sprays.

Besides the government funding, the World Bank would also provide financial assistance to speed up the desert locust control programme. The Central Develop­ment Working Party of the Planning Commission was expected to take up the Rs26 billion project of the national food security ministry, which would be launched with the World Bank assistance.

Mr Imam said that aerial spray had already been started in the affected districts of Balochistan. The army had given five helicopters which had been realigned for use of aerial sprays. He said the ministry’s plant protection department was being restructured and it would have at least 20 aircraft and helicopters for use to control the desert locusts.

Mr Imam later chaired a weekly meeting of the National Locust Control Centre, where director general of the Pakistan Meteorological Department said premature adult locusts were seen in 26 districts of Balochistan. He stressed that there was an urgent need for deployment of teams in Chagai, Panjgur and Gwadar since these areas were under severe threat of locust attack from Iran.

National Food Security Secretary Omer Hamid Khan briefed the meeting on the proposed ‘Locusts Emergency and Food Security Project, which will be financed both by the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank.

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Nepal: Six people killed, one goes missing in Bajhang landslide

Mon, 06 Jul 2020 02:43:06 +0000

Country: Nepal
Source: The Kathmandu Post

The landslide, which has displaced 400 people in Mallesi village of the district, puts 45 other households at the risk of being swept away.

Basanta Pratap Singh

At least six people died and a person went missing in a landslide that occurred in Bajhang district on Saturday morning. Among the deceased, four are of the same family.

The landslide, which occurred at Mallesi Village in Ward No. 8 of Kedarsiyun Rural Municipality at around 1am, swept away 18 houses and damaged two others, locals say.

Rammati Jethara, 40, her 12-year-old son Prayag, her two daughters Shanti, 14, and Ashmita, 16, and 80-year-old Dale Jethara and 13-year-old Santu Jethara were buried to death, according to Suresh Jethara, a local resident.

“Another local Girija Jethara is still missing,” he said.

The landslide has displaced 400 people in the settlement and put 45 other households at risk of being swept away.

“A team of police from Chainpur has reached the incident site and is busy with rescue efforts. More details will be known by Sunday,” said Chief District Officer of Bajhang Kamalraj Bhandari.

A team of security personnel from the Nepal Police, Armed Police Force and Nepali Army has been searching for missing individuals under the debris. The landslide had started from the Ratapad Community Forest area, just above the settlement.

Rajendra Jethara, one of the survivors, said he was awakened by Girija Jethara, who has been missing since the incident, in the middle of the night after they heard the noise of rushing water.

“When we came outside the house, it was raining heavily due to which an irrigation canal above the settlement was damaged. We awakened some other neighbors and started to climb towards the canal to stop the water flow. But there was a loud noise all of a sudden and I lost my consciousness after that. Girija, who was next to me, got swept away while I got rescued by some villagers,” said Rajendra.

Ganesh Bohara, the chairman of Ward No. 8, said none of the villagers in Mallesi are staying in their house after the incident.

“We have provided them shelter at a local school in Ghadyan, a neighboring village,” said Bohara.

According to the District Administration Office, a Nepal Army helicopter brought eight quintals of rice, 37 tarpaulin sheets and 40 blankets to the incident site on Saturday.

“On Sunday, a team of the local administration will reach Mallesi with additional relief,” said Bhandari.

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Restoring drylands, strengthening resilience: Insights from a Climate-Smart Village in Htee Pu, Nyaun Oo, Myanmar

Mon, 06 Jul 2020 02:36:27 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Country: Myanmar
Source: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security

Citation

Barbon WJ, Myae C, Su MN, Gonsalves. 2020. Restoring drylands, strengthening resilience: Insights from a Climate-Smart Village in Htee Pu, Nyaun Oo, Myanmar. Cavite, Philippines: International Institute of Rural Reconstruction (IIRR).

Permanent link to cite or share this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10568/108683

Abstract/Description

The brief talks about the emerging insights from a Climate-Smart Village in Htee Pu, Nyaun Oo, Myanmar. It documents a range of strategies that help farming communities in the central dry zones of the country to cope with lower rainfall and other climate change impacts.

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Nurturing resilience in smallholder farming systems: Emerging insights from a Climate-Smart Village in Southern Shan State, Myanmar

Mon, 06 Jul 2020 02:29:38 +0000

Descriptive text is not available for this image

Country: Myanmar
Source: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security

Citation

Barbon WJ, Myae C, Su MN, Gonsalves J. 2020. Nurturing resilience in smallholder farming systems: Emerging insights from a Climate-Smart Village in Southern Shan State, Myanmar. Cavite, Philippines: International Institute of Rural Reconstruction (IIRR).

**Permanent link to cite or share this item: **https://hdl.handle.net/10568/108682

Abstract/Description

The brief talks about the emerging insights from a Climate-Smart Village in Southern Shan State, Myanmar. It documents a range of coping strategies that help farmers deal with impacts of climate change.

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Indonesia, Flooding in Sula Islands Regency, North Maluku (18:50 Jul 4 2020)

Mon, 06 Jul 2020 02:15:09 +0000

Country: Indonesia
Source: ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance

Description

Flooding in Kab. Kep. Sula, Prov. North Maluku

Occasion: Saturday, July 4, 2020, at 6:50 CST

Location

Prov. North Maluku

Regency. Kep. Sulu

Kec. East Mangole

Ds. Waitina

Fatalities

238 households affected

48 families have sought refuge with relatives

Material Losses

238 housing units were affected

TMA 30-100 cm

Chronological

Rain with high intensity resulted in the overflow of water at the foot of Waisenga

Effort

TRC BPBD Kab. Kep. Sula Directly locates floods and helps residents whose houses are flooded and records Victims and other damage and sources of flooding

Current Conditions

Current weather, Saturday, July 4 2020, Pkl. 16:45 WIB rain with high intensity

Additional Data

Country: Indonesia

Affected Area / Region: Sula Islands Regency, North Maluku Province

Casualties

Affected Families: 238

Affected Persons: 1190

Displaced Persons: 240

Damages

Damaged houses: 238

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Indonesia, Flood and Landslide in Bone Bolango Regency, Gorontalo Province (09:00 Jul 3 2020)

Mon, 06 Jul 2020 02:07:26 +0000

Country: Indonesia
Source: ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance

Description

Banjir Bandang in Kab. Bone Bolango, Prov. Gorontalo

Update: Saturday, July 4, 2020, Pkl. 10:00 WIB

Location

Prov. Gorontalo

Regency. Bone Bolango

-Kec. East Suwawa

-Kec. Botu Pingge

-Kec. Bone

-Kec. South Suwawa

-Kec. Bone Beach

-Kec. Suwawa

Korabn Jiwa

1,321 souls displaced, as follows:

-Kec. Suwawa: 670 people

-Kec. Botu Pingge: 324 inhabitants

-Kec. Botupinge: 327 inhabitants

Material Losses:

data collection

-1 sub-district connecting road point cut off

-1 waypoint Kec. Kabila Bone is covered in a landslide

-1 unit of house (RB)

-3 broken embankment units (RB)

-TMA 200 cm

Chronological

- due to rain with high intensity

Effort

TRC BPBD Kab. Bone Bolango conducted a rapid assessment and evacuation of residents whose houses were submerged

Current Conditions

Today's weather (July 4, 2020) is cloudy

Additional Data

Country: Indonesia

Affected Area / Region: Bone Bolango Regency, Gorontalo

Casualties

Affected Families: 264

Affected Persons: 1321

Displaced Persons: 1321

Damages

Damaged houses: 1Damaged infrastructure (e.g. road, water network): 2

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Indonesia, Flooding in Boalemo Regency, Gorontalo Province (06:00 Jul 3 2020)

Mon, 06 Jul 2020 02:05:14 +0000

Country: Indonesia
Source: ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance

Description

Flooding in Kab. Boalemo, Prov. Gorontalo

Occasion: Friday, July 3, 2020, 06.00 WITA

Location

Prov. Gorontalo

Regency. Bone Bolango

Kec. Tilamuta

Kec. Dulupi

Kec. Paguyaman

Kec. Paguyaman Pantai

Fatalities

895 HH / 2,991 Affected souls

Material Losses

895 affected housing units (temporary data)

broken several dykes

Chronological

Due to rain with high intensity causing water to overflow in four districts

Effort

TRC BPBD Kab. Boalemo did a quick assessment, evacuation and landing

The Boalemo District Head has reviewed the location to provide direction and assistance to affected victims

TRC BPBD Boalemo and Tagana opened a public kitchen and distributed fast food

Current Conditions

The weather is fine this afternoon and the water has receded (04 July 2020)

Additional Data

Country: Select

Affected Area / Region: Boalemo Regency, Gorontalo Province

Casualties

Affected Families: 895

Affected Persons: 2991

Damages

Damaged houses: 895

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Nigeria: AfDB, AGRA and PIND back IITA’s BASICS-II project

Mon, 06 Jul 2020 01:43:56 +0000

Countries: Nigeria, United Republic of Tanzania
Source: CGIAR

The African Development Bank (AfDB) has pledged support for the newly launched Building an Economically Sustainable and Integrated Cassava Seed System, phase 2, (BASIC-II) project of the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA).

Speaking at the project’s launch last Thursday, the Director, Department of Agriculture and Agro-Industry of the AfDB, Dr. Martin Fregene, stated that the development bank, through its flagship project, Technologies for African Agricultural Transformation (TAAT), was excited to be part of BASICS-II “to ensure the best varieties are put in the hands of farmers as soon as possible”.

The project which was launched at the IITA headquarters in Ibadan, with key participants, including Dr Fregene attending virtually via Zoom, is aimed at creating “a more efficient dissemination of cassava stems that would trigger the adoption of new varieties to improve productivity; raise incomes of cassava growers and seed entrepreneurs; enhance gender equity, and contribute to inclusive agricultural transformation in Nigeria and Tanzania.”

Implementing partners include (Mennonite Economic Development Associates (MEDA); Catholic Relief Services; IITA GoSeed; Umudike Seed; Tanzania Official Seed Certification Institute (TOSCI); SAHEL Consulting; Tanzania Agricultural Research Institute (TARI), and the National Root Crops Research Institute in Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria.

BASICS-II will also work with the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA) and the Foundation for Partnership Initiatives in the Niger Delta (PIND Foundation). While PIND pledged to be the project’s sustainability platform in the Niger Delta of Nigeria; AGRA will help the project’s replication in other states in Nigeria as well as other African countries.

In Dr Fregene’s words, BASICS-II “will not only raise the productivity of African and Nigerian and Tanzanian farmers, but it will improve productivity along the value chain and make cassava to be a good business for anyone to invest in”.

He urged the project managers to maximize public private partnerships to achieve maximum success and impact.

In his own remarks, the Executive Director of PIND, Dr. Dara Akala, assured that the Foundation would help BASICS-II outlive its duration in the Niger Delta.

His words: “Everything we do in PIND is centered around partnerships and partnerships is at the core of what we have achieved in the Niger Delta. Our collaboration with NRCRI Umudike towards the end of BASICS-I led to the pool of Village Seed Entrepreneurs in the Niger Delta.

“So, we are committed to partnering with BASICS-II to consolidate and scale up the results of those initial efforts made in BASICS-I.”

He maintained that PIND’s partnership with BASICS-II would broker an economically sustainable and commercially viable seed system in the Niger Delta.

“PIND being an institution and not a program that will end in five years’ time, we are here in the Niger Delta region to sustain the results of BASICS-II as we served as the exitstrategy for BASICS,” he added.

The first phase of the project, BASICS-I, which lasted between 2015 and 2020, facilitated the development of more than 160 commercial seed entrepreneurs in Nigeria. These seed entrepreneurs are now growing cassava with the primary aim of producing and selling stems—an activity that is generating income and creating wealth in cassava growing communities.

*For more information, please contact: Godwin Atser, g.atser@cgiar.org, Digital Extension & Advisory Services Specialist*

About BASICS-II

The five-year Building an Economically Sustainable. Integrated Cassava Seed System, Phase 2, (BASICS-II) project aims to transform the cassava seed sector by promoting the dissemination of improved varieties thereby creating a community of seed entrepreneurs across the cassava value chain. The project will focus on Nigeria and Tanzania with spin off to other African Countries.

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Solomon Islands: Makira still waiting for cyclone relief three months on

Mon, 06 Jul 2020 00:40:29 +0000

Country: Solomon Islands
Source: Radio New Zealand International

Villagers on Makira in Solomon Islands are reportedly still waiting for relief supplies after April's Cyclone Harold.

Read more on Radio New Zealand International

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Borno State Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) Nigeria Emergency Response W26 2020 (Jun 22-Jun 28)

Mon, 06 Jul 2020 00:34:22 +0000

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Country: Nigeria
Sources: World Health Organization, Government of Nigeria

Please refer to the attached infographic.

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