Railways

This entry states the total route length of the railway network and of its component parts by gauge, which is the measure of the distance between the inner sides of the load-bearing rails. The four typical types of gauges are: broad, standard, narrow, and dual. Other gauges are listed under note. Some 60% of the world's railways use the standard gauge of 1.4 m (4.7 ft). Gauges vary by country and sometimes within countries. The choice of gauge during initial construction was mainly in response to local conditions and the intent of the builder. Narrow-gauge railways were cheaper to build and could negotiate sharper curves, broad-gauge railways gave greater stability and permitted higher speeds. Standard-gauge railways were a compromise between narrow and broad gauges.

RankCountry(km)Date of Information
1United States224,7922007
2Russia87,1572006
3China86,0002008
4India63,9742009
5Canada46,5522008
6Germany41,9812008
7Australia38,4452008
8Argentina36,9662008
9France29,6402008
10Brazil28,5382008
11Japan27,1822009
12Ukraine21,6842009
13Italy20,2552008
14South Africa20,1922008
15Poland19,4282007
16Mexico17,1662008
17United Kingdom16,4542008
18Kazakhstan15,3332012
19Spain15,2932008
20Sweden11,6332008
21Romania10,7852010
22Czech Republic9,4692008
23Turkey8,6992008
24Iran8,4422008
25Cuba8,2032011
26Hungary8,0572009
27Pakistan7,7912007
28Chile7,0822008
29Austria6,3992008
30Sudan5,9782008
31Finland5,9442013
32Belarus5,5372008
33Korea, North5,2422009
34Egypt5,0832009
35Indonesia5,0422008
36Burma5,0312008
37Switzerland4,8762008
38Mozambique4,7872008
39Norway4,1692009
40Bulgaria4,1522011
41New Zealand4,1282008
42Thailand4,0712008
43Congo, Democratic Republic of the4,0072008
44Algeria3,9732008
45Tanzania3,6892008
46Bolivia3,6522010
47Uzbekistan3,6452008
48Slovakia3,6222008
49Nigeria3,5052008
50Zimbabwe3,4272008
51Korea, South3,3812008
52Serbia3,3792006
53Portugal3,3192008
54Ireland3,2372008
55Belgium3,2332008
56Turkmenistan2,9802008
57Azerbaijan2,9182009
58Netherlands2,8962009
59Angola2,7642008
60Croatia2,7222011
61Denmark2,6672008
62Vietnam2,6322008
63Namibia2,6262008
64Bangladesh2,6222008
65Greece2,5482008
66Iraq2,3702012
67Latvia2,2392008
68Tunisia2,1652008
69Zambia2,1572008
70Morocco2,0672008
71Kenya2,0662008
72Syria2,0522008
73Mongolia1,9082010
74Peru1,9072012
75Malaysia1,8492008
76Lithuania1,7672011
77Uruguay1,6412010
78Georgia1,6122008
79Taiwan1,5802009
80Sri Lanka1,4492007
81Saudi Arabia1,3782008
82Cameroon1,2452008
83Uganda1,2442008
84Slovenia1,2282007
85Estonia1,1962011
86Moldova1,1902008
87Guinea1,1852008
88Philippines9952010
89Israel9752008
90Ecuador9652008
91Ghana9472008
92Senegal9062008
93Botswana8882008
94Congo, Republic of the8862008
95Colombia8742008
96Armenia8692009
97Madagascar8542008
98Venezuela8062008
99Malawi7972008
100Macedonia6992010
101Cambodia6902010
102Ethiopia6812008
103Tajikistan6802008
104Cote d'Ivoire6602008
105Gabon6492008
106Burkina Faso6222008
107Bosnia and Herzegovina6012009
108Fiji5972008
109Mali5932008
110Togo5682008
111Jordan5072008
112Kyrgyzstan4702008
113Benin4382008
114Kosovo4302007
115Liberia4292008
116Lebanon4012008
117Albania3392009
118Guatemala3322008
119Eritrea3062008
120Swaziland3012008
121El Salvador2832008
122Costa Rica2782008
123Luxembourg2752008
124Montenegro2502007
125Dominican Republic1422008
126Djibouti1002008
127Panama762008
128Isle of Man632008
129Nepal592008
130Saint Kitts and Nevis502008
131Honduras442012
132Paraguay362008
133Christmas Island182010
134Liechtenstein92008