World Factbook

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

This entry gives the dollar value for the stock of all financial assets that are available to the central monetary authority for use in meeting a country's balance of payments needs as of the end-date of the period specified. This category includes not only foreign currency and gold, but also a country's holdings of Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund, and its reserve position in the Fund.

RankCountryReserves of foreign exchange and goldDate of Information
1China$ 3,341,000,000,00031 December 2012 est.
2Japan$ 1,268,000,000,00031 December 2012 est.
3European Union$ 863,800,000,00031 December 2011
4Saudi Arabia$ 656,900,000,00031 December 2012 est.
5Russia$ 537,600,000,00031 December 2012 est.
6Switzerland$ 531,100,000,00031 December 2012 est.
7Taiwan$ 408,500,000,00031 December 2012 est.
8Brazil$ 373,100,000,00031 December 2012 est.
9Korea, South$ 327,000,000,00031 December 2012 est.
10Hong Kong$ 317,400,000,00031 December 2012 est.
11India$ 297,800,000,00031 December 2012 est.
12Singapore$ 259,100,000,00031 December 2012 est.
13Germany$ 248,900,000,00031 December 2012 est.
14Algeria$ 191,600,000,00031 December 2012 est.
15France$ 184,500,000,00031 December 2012 est.
16Italy$ 181,700,000,00031 December 2012 est.
17Thailand$ 181,600,000,00031 December 2012 est.
18Mexico$ 167,100,000,00031 December 2012 est.
19United States$ 150,200,000,00031 December 2012 est.
20Malaysia$ 139,700,000,00031 December 2012 est.
21Turkey$ 119,200,000,00031 December 2012 est.
22Libya$ 117,200,000,00031 December 2012 est.
23Indonesia$ 112,800,000,00031 December 2012 est.
24Poland$ 108,900,000,00031 December 2012 est.
25United Kingdom$ 105,100,000,00031 December 2012 est.
26Denmark$ 89,700,000,00031 December 2012 est.
27Philippines$ 83,830,000,00031 December 2012 est.
28Israel$ 75,910,000,00031 December 2012 est.
29Iraq$ 70,330,000,00031 December 2012 est.
30Iran$ 69,860,000,00031 December 2012 est.
31Canada$ 68,550,000,00031 December 2012 est.
32Peru$ 64,170,000,00031 December 2012 est.
33Netherlands$ 54,820,000,00031 December 2012 est.
34Lebanon$ 52,500,000,00031 December 2012 est.
35Sweden$ 52,230,000,00031 December 2012 est.
36Norway$ 51,860,000,00031 December 2012 est.
37South Africa$ 50,700,000,00031 December 2012 est.
38Spain$ 50,590,000,00031 December 2012 est.
39Australia$ 49,220,000,00031 December 2012 est.
40Romania$ 46,670,000,00031 December 2012 est.
41Nigeria$ 46,410,000,00031 December 2012 est.
42Czech Republic$ 44,880,000,00031 December 2012 est.
43Hungary$ 44,670,000,00031 December 2012 est.
44Argentina$ 43,250,000,00031 December 2012 est.
45United Arab Emirates$ 42,970,000,00031 December 2012 est.
46Chile$ 41,650,000,00031 December 2012 est.
47Colombia$ 37,000,000,00031 December 2012 est.
48Angola$ 33,410,000,00031 December 2012 est.
49Qatar$ 33,190,000,00031 December 2012 est.
50Belgium$ 30,770,000,00031 December 2012 est.
51Venezuela$ 29,890,000,00031 December 2012 est.
52Kuwait$ 29,000,000,00031 December 2012 est.
53Kazakhstan$ 28,280,000,00031 December 2012 est.
54Austria$ 27,210,000,00031 December 2012 est.
55Ukraine$ 24,550,000,00031 December 2012 est.
56Vietnam$ 23,880,000,00031 December 2012 est.
57Portugal$ 22,660,000,00031 December 2012 est.
58Bulgaria$ 20,500,000,00031 December 2012 est.
59Turkmenistan$ 20,200,000,00031 December 2012 est.
60New Zealand$ 17,580,000,00031 December 2012 est.
61Morocco$ 17,540,000,00031 December 2012 est.
62Macau$ 16,600,000,00031 December 2012 est.
63Uzbekistan$ 16,000,000,00031 December 2012 est.
64Egypt$ 14,930,000,00031 December 2012 est.
65Croatia$ 14,810,000,00031 December 2012 est.
66Oman$ 14,750,000,00031 December 2012 est.
67Serbia$ 14,130,000,00031 December 2012 est.
68Bolivia$ 13,930,000,00031 December 2012 est.
69Pakistan$ 13,800,000,00031 December 2012 est.
70Uruguay$ 13,600,000,00031 December 2012 est.
71Bangladesh$ 12,750,000,00031 December 2012 est.
72Azerbaijan$ 11,280,000,00031 December 2012 est.
73Finland$ 11,080,000,00031 December 2012 est.
74Lithuania$ 10,230,000,00031 December 2012 est.
75Trinidad and Tobago$ 9,897,000,00031 December 2012 est.
76Jordan$ 8,829,000,00031 December 2012 est.
77Tunisia$ 8,360,000,00031 December 2012 est.
78Botswana$ 7,839,000,00031 December 2012 est.
79Burma$ 7,551,000,00031 December 2012 est.
80Greece$ 7,255,000,00031 December 2012 est.
81Latvia$ 6,925,000,00031 December 2012 est.
82Costa Rica$ 6,857,000,00031 December 2012 est.
83Sri Lanka$ 6,831,000,00031 December 2012 est.
84Guatemala$ 6,694,000,00031 December 2012 est.
85Yemen$ 6,158,000,00031 December 2012 est.
86Congo, Republic of the$ 6,091,000,00031 December 2012 est.
87Belarus$ 5,809,000,00031 December 2012 est.
88Kenya$ 5,712,000,00031 December 2012 est.
89Ghana$ 5,705,000,00031 December 2012 est.
90Afghanistan$ 5,268,000,00031 December 2011 est.
91Paraguay$ 4,995,000,00031 December 2012 est.
92Cambodia$ 4,938,000,00031 December 2012 est.
93Bahrain$ 4,853,000,00031 December 2012 est.
94Syria$ 4,774,000,00031 December 2012 est.
95Cuba$ 4,693,000,00031 December 2012 est.
96Bosnia and Herzegovina$ 4,283,000,00031 December 2012 est.
97Iceland$ 4,192,000,00031 December 2012 est.
98Tanzania$ 4,053,000,00031 December 2012 est.
99Equatorial Guinea$ 4,035,000,00031 December 2012 est.
100Papua New Guinea$ 4,001,000,00031 December 2012 est.
101Cote d'Ivoire$ 3,928,000,00031 December 2012 est.
102Nepal$ 3,631,000,00031 December 2011 est.
103Dominican Republic$ 3,579,000,00031 December 2012 est.
104Cameroon$ 3,431,000,00031 December 2012 est.
105Panama$ 3,303,000,00031 December 2012 est.
106El Salvador$ 3,176,000,00031 December 2012 est.
107Uganda$ 3,169,000,00031 December 2012 est.
108Ethiopia$ 3,166,000,00031 December 2012 est.
109Mauritius$ 3,046,000,00031 December 2012 est.
110Zambia$ 3,042,000,00031 December 2012 est.
111Macedonia$ 2,891,000,00031 December 2012 est.
112Georgia$ 2,873,000,00031 December 2012 est.
113Mozambique$ 2,770,000,00031 December 2012 est.
114Albania$ 2,600,000,00031 December 2012 est.
115Honduras$ 2,533,000,00031 December 2012 est.
116Slovakia$ 2,519,000,00031 December 2012 est.
117Moldova$ 2,511,000,00031 December 2012 est.
118Ecuador$ 2,483,000,00031 December 2012 est.
119Gabon$ 2,373,000,00031 December 2012 est.
120Senegal$ 2,082,000,00031 December 2012 est.
121Kyrgyzstan$ 2,066,000,00031 December 2012 est.
122Jamaica$ 1,981,000,00031 December 2012 est.
123Nicaragua$ 1,887,000,00031 December 2012 est.
124Armenia$ 1,799,000,00031 December 2012 est.
125Namibia$ 1,746,000,00031 December 2012 est.
126Ireland$ 1,707,000,00031 December 2012 est.
127Congo, Democratic Republic of the$ 1,633,000,00031 December 2012 est.
128Haiti$ 1,287,000,00031 December 2012 est.
129Cyprus$ 1,207,000,0002011 est.
130Madagascar$ 1,191,000,00031 December 2012 est.
131Chad$ 1,174,000,00031 December 2012 est.
132Rwanda$ 1,035,000,00031 December 2012 est.
133Burkina Faso$ 1,025,000,00031 December 2012 est.
134Lesotho$ 1,023,000,00031 December 2012 est.
135Suriname$ 1,008,000,00031 December 2012 est.
136Fiji$ 1,007,000,00031 December 2012 est.
137Luxembourg$ 991,000,00031 December 2012 est.
138Slovenia$ 951,900,00031 December 2012 est.
139Guyana$ 864,000,00031 December 2012 est.
140Benin$ 859,400,00031 December 2012 est.
141Bahamas, The$ 846,900,00031 December 2012 est.
142Laos$ 796,900,00031 December 2012 est.
143Barbados$ 773,100,00031 December 2012 est.
144Swaziland$ 741,000,00031 December 2012 est.
145Malta$ 704,900,00031 December 2012 est.
146Tajikistan$ 628,500,00031 December 2012 est.
147Zimbabwe$ 575,600,00031 December 2012 est.
148Togo$ 441,600,00031 December 2012 est.
149Montenegro$ 400,000,00031 December 2011
150Cape Verde$ 376,000,00031 December 2012 est.
151Maldives$ 356,000,00030 November 2012 est.
152Seychelles$ 318,700,00031 December 2012 est.
153Burundi$ 308,800,00031 December 2012 est.
154Sudan$ 297,900,00031 December 2012 est.
155Belize$ 289,900,00031 December 2012 est.
156Estonia$ 246,400,00031 December 2012 est.
157Malawi$ 245,900,00031 December 2012 est.
158Gambia, The$ 236,200,00031 December 2012 est.
159Vanuatu$ 207,700,00031 December 2012 est.
160Eritrea$ 180,600,00031 December 2012 est.
161Guinea$ 174,300,00031 December 2012 est.
162Samoa$ 168,700,00031 December 2012 est.
163Tonga$ 152,400,00031 December 2012 est.
164Saint Vincent and the Grenadines$ 95,000,00031 December 2012 est.
165Dominica$ 85,000,00031 December 2012 est.
166Micronesia, Federated States of$ 75,060,00031 December 2011 est.
167Sao Tome and Principe$ 51,580,00031 December 2012 est.
168Montserrat$ 24,810,00031 December 2011 est.