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Jersey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Duchy of Normandy that held sway in both France and England. These islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. The Bailiwick of Jersey is a British crown dependency, which means that it is not part of the UK but is rather a self-governing possession of the British crown. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.



Western Europe, island in the English Channel, northwest of France

Geographic coordinates

49 15 N, 2 10 W

Map references



total: 116 sq km
land: 116 sq km
water: 0 sq km
country comparison to the world: 225

Area - comparative

about two-thirds the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries

0 km


70 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12nm
exclusive fishing zone: 12nm


temperate; mild winters and cool summers


gently rolling plain with low, rugged hills along north coast


lowest point: English Channel 0 m
highest point: Les Platons 136 m

Natural resources

arable land

Land use

agricultural land: 66% (2011 est.)
arable land: 66% (2011 est.)/permanent crops: 0% (2011 est.)/permanent pasture: 0% (2011 est.)
forest: 0% (2011 est.)
other: 34% (2011 est.)

Irrigated land


Population distribution

fairly even distribution; no notable trends

Natural hazards

very large tidal variation can be hazardous to navigation

Environment - current issues

habitat and species depletion due to human encroachment; water pollution; improper solid waste disposal

Geography - note

largest and southernmost of Channel Islands; about 30% of population concentrated in Saint Helier

People and Society


99,602 (July 2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 196


noun: Channel Islander(s)
adjective: Channel Islander

Ethnic groups

Jersey 46.4%, British 32.7%, Portuguese/Madeiran 8.2%, Polish 3.3%, Irish, French, and other white 7.1%, other 2.4% (2011 est.)


English 94.5% (official), Portuguese 4.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)


Protestant (Anglican, Baptist, Congregational New Church, Methodist, Presbyterian), Roman Catholic

Age structure

0-14 years: 16.37%(male 8,430 /female 7,870)
15-24 years: 13.63%(male 7,004 /female 6,572)
25-54 years: 40.71%(male 20,392 /female 20,160)
55-64 years: 12.73%(male 6,187 /female 6,497)
65 years and over: 16.56%(male 7,015 /female 9,475) (2018 est.)
population pyramid:

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Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 47.1 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 21.6 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 25.4 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 3.9 (2015 est.)
note: data represent the Guernsey and Jersey

Median age

total: 37.7 years (2018 est.)
male: 35.9 years
female: 40.2 years
country comparison to the world: 65

Population growth rate

0.76% (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 134

Birth rate

12.5 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 154

Death rate

7.8 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 96

Net migration rate

2.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 40

Population distribution

fairly even distribution; no notable trends


urban population: 30.9% of total population(2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.46% annual rate of change(2015-20 est.)
note: data represent Guernsey and Jersey

Major urban areas - population

34,000 SAINT HELIER (capital) (2018)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2018 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 3.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 194

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 82 years (2018 est.)
male: 79.5 years
female: 84.7 years
country comparison to the world: 20

Total fertility rate

1.66 children born/woman (2018 est.)
country comparison to the world: 176

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate


HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS


HIV/AIDS - deaths


Education expenditures



Country name

conventional long form: Bailiwick of Jersey
conventional short form: Jersey
former: Norman Isles
etymology: the name is of Old Norse origin, but the meaning of the root "Jer(s)" is uncertain; the "-ey" ending means "island"

Dependency status

British crown dependency

Government type

parliamentary democracy (Assembly of the States of Jersey); a crown dependency of the UK


name: Saint Helier
geographic coordinates: 49 11 N, 2 06 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
etymology: named after Saint Helier, the patron saint of Jersey, who was reputedly martyred on the island in A.D. 555

Administrative divisions

none (British crown dependency); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 12 parishes; Grouville, Saint Brelade, Saint Clement, Saint Helier, Saint John, Saint Lawrence, Saint Martin, Saint Mary, Saint Ouen, Saint Peter, Saint Saviour, and Trinity


none (British crown dependency)

National holiday

Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)


history: unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
amendments: proposed by a government minister to the Assembly of the States of Jersey, by an Assembly member, or by an elected parish head; passage requires several Assembly readings, a majority vote by the Assembly, review by the UK Ministry of Justice, and approval of the British monarch (Royal Assent)

Legal system

the laws of the UK apply where applicable; includes local statutes


see United Kingdom


16 years of age; universal

Executive branch

chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor Sir Stephen DALTON (since 13 March 2017)
head of government: Chief Minister John LE FONDRE (since 8 June 2018); Bailiff William BAILHACHE (since 29 January 2015)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed individually by the states
elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; Council of Ministers, including the chief minister, indirectly elected by the Assembly of States; lieutenant governor and bailiff appointed by the monarch

Legislative branch

description: unicameral Assembly of the States of Jersey (49 elected members; 8 senators to serve 4-year terms, and 29 deputies and 12 connetables, or heads of parishes, to serve 4-year terms; 5 non-voting members appointed by the monarch include the bailiff, lieutenant governor, dean of Jersey, attorney general, and the solicitor general)
elections: last held on 16 May 2018 (next to be held on 16 May 2022)
election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 49; composition - men 36, women 13, percent of 26.5%

Judicial branch

highest courts: Jersey Court of Appeal (consists of the bailiff, deputy bailiff, and 12 judges); Royal Court (consists of the bailiff, deputy bailiff, 6 commissioners and lay people referred to as jurats, and is organized into Heritage, Family, Probate, and Samedi Divisions); appeals beyond the Court of Appeal are heard by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London)
judge selection and term of office: Jersey Court of Appeal bailiffs and judges appointed by the Crown upon the advice of the Secretary of State for Justice; bailiffs and judges appointed for "extent of good behavior;" Royal Court bailiffs appointed by the Crown upon the advice of the Secretary of State for Justice; commissioners appointed by the bailiff; jurats appointed by the Electoral College; bailiffs and commissioners appointed for "extent of good behavior;" jurats appointed until retirement at age 72
subordinate courts: Magistrate's Court; Youth Court; Petty Debts Court; Parish Hall Enquires (a process of preliminary investigation into youth and minor adult offenses to determine need for presentation before a court)

Political parties and leaders

one registered party: Reform Jersey [Sam MEZEC]
note: most senators and deputies sit as independents

International organization participation


Diplomatic representation in the US

none (British crown dependency)

Diplomatic representation from the US

none (British crown dependency)

Flag description

white with a diagonal red cross extending to the corners of the flag; in the upper quadrant, surmounted by a yellow crown, a red shield with three lions in yellow; according to tradition, the ships of Jersey - in an attempt to differentiate themselves from English ships flying the horizontal cross of St. George - rotated the cross to the "X" (saltire) configuration; because this arrangement still resembled the Irish cross of St. Patrick, the yellow Plantagenet crown and Jersey coat of arms were added

National symbol(s)

Jersey cow; national colors: red, white

National anthem

name: "Isle de Siez Nous" (Island Home)
lyrics/music: Gerard LE FEUVRE
note: adopted 2008; serves as a local anthem; as a British Crown dependency, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)


Economy - overview

Jersey's economy is based on international financial services, agriculture, and tourism. In 2016, the financial services sector accounted for about 41% of the island's output. Agriculture represented about 1% of Jersey’s economy in 2016. Potatoes are an important export crop, shipped mostly to the UK. The Jersey breed of dairy cattle originated on the island and is known worldwide. The dairy industry remains important to the island with approximately $8.8 million gallons of milk produced in 2015. Tourism accounts for a significant portion of Jersey’s economy, with more than 700,000 total visitors in 2015. Living standards come close to those of the UK. All raw material and energy requirements are imported as well as a large share of Jersey's food needs. Light taxes and death duties make the island a popular offshore financial center. Jersey maintains its relationship with the EU through the UK. Therefore, in light of the UK’s decision to leave the EU, Jersey will also need to renegotiate its ties to the EU.

GDP (purchasing power parity)

$5.569 billion (2016 est.)
$5.514 billion (2015 est.)
$4.98 billion (2014)
note: data are in 2015 US dollars
country comparison to the world: 175

GDP (official exchange rate)

$5.004 billion(2015 est.) (2015 est.)

GDP - real growth rate

1% (2016 est.)
10.7% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 184

GDP - per capita (PPP)

$56,600 (2016 est.)
$49,500 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 21

GDP - composition, by sector of origin

agriculture: 2% (2010)
industry: 2% (2010)
services: 96% (2010)

Agriculture - products

potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes; beef, dairy products


tourism, banking and finance, dairy, electronics

Industrial production growth rate


Labor force

59,950 (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 187

Labor force - by occupation

agriculture: 3%
industry: 12%
services: 85% (2014 est.)

Unemployment rate

4% (2015 est.)
4.6% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 52

Population below poverty line


Household income or consumption by percentage share

lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA

Distribution of family income - Gini index

0.3 (2014 est.)
0.3 (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 158


revenues: 829 million (2005)
expenditures: 851 million (2005)

Taxes and other revenues

16.6% (of GDP) (2005)
country comparison to the world: 179

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)

-0.4% (of GDP) (2005)
country comparison to the world: 57

Fiscal year

1 April - 31 March

Inflation rate (consumer prices)

3.7% (2006)
country comparison to the world: 146

Market value of publicly traded shares




Exports - commodities

light industrial and electrical goods, dairy cattle, foodstuffs, textiles, flowers



Imports - commodities

machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, foodstuffs, mineral fuels, chemicals

Debt - external


Stock of direct foreign investment - at home

(31 December 2009 est.)

Exchange rates

Jersey pounds (JEP) per US dollar
0.7836 (2017 est.)
0.738 (2016 est.)
0.738 (2015)
0.6542 (2012)
0.6391 (2011 est.)


Electricity access

electrification - total population: 100% (2016)

Electricity - production

NA (2017)

Electricity - consumption

630.1 million kWh (2004 est.)
country comparison to the world: 163

Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy

450,000 Mt (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 185


Telephones - fixed lines

total subscriptions: 55,938
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 58 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 157

Telephones - mobile cellular

total subscriptions: 122,668
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 119 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 189

Telephone system

general assessment: modern system with broadband access (2018)
domestic: fixed-line and mobile-cellular services widely available; fixed-line 58 per 100 and mobile-cellular 119 per 100 subscriptions (2018)
international: country code - 44; landing points for the INGRID, UK-Channel Islands-8, and Guernsey-Jersey-4, submarine cable connectivity to Guernsey, the UK, and France (2019)

Broadcast media

multiple UK terrestrial TV broadcasts are received via a transmitter in Jersey; satellite packages available; BBC Radio Jersey and 1 other radio station operating

Internet country code


Internet users

total: 58,000
percent of population: 59.6% (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 188

Military and Security

Military - note

defense is the responsibility of the UK


National air transport system

number of registered air carriers: 2(registered in UK) (2015)
inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 11(registered in UK) (2015)


1 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 226

Airports - with paved runways

total: 1 (2017)
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2017)


total: 576 km (2010)
country comparison to the world: 186

Ports and terminals

major seaport(s): Gorey, Saint Aubin, Saint Helier

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international


Flag of Jersey

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