Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

8 December 1991; effective - 21 December 1991

to coordinate intercommonwealth relations and to provide a mechanism for the orderly dissolution of the USSR

members - (9) Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan

associate member - (1) Turkmenistan; note - Georgia left the organization in August 2009; Ukraine has not formally withdrawn from the organization, but did formally end its participation in CIS statutory bodies in May 2018