South Africa

Yellow Fever

  • Requirements: Required if traveling from a country with risk of YFV transmission and ≥1 year of age, including transit >12 hours in an airport located in a country with risk of YFV transmission. 1
  • Recommendations: None.

Malaria

  • Areas with malaria: Present along the border with Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Specifically in Vembe and Mopane district municipalities of Limpopo Province; Ehlanzeni district municipality in Mpumalanga Province; and Umkhanyakude in Kwazulu-Natal Province. Present in Kruger National Park (see Map 3-38).
  • Estimated relative risk of malaria for US travelers: Low.
  • Drug resistance 4: Chloroquine.
  • Malaria species: P. falciparum 90%, P. vivax 5%, P. ovale 5%.
  • Recommended chemoprophylaxis: Atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine.
Map 3-38. Malaria in South Africa
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